July 2017 - New Acquisitions & Stock Highlights

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LUCK, Charles Cardale (1875-1954); LUCK, Cicely Maud; LUCK, Hildur Carolina (1881-1891)
[Extensive Private Archive with over 140 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs taken during Hildur Luck’s Travels to Kenya and Uganda, Showing Her Brother Cardale Luck’s Gwonongween Estate in Kenya, His Family and House Servants, Missionary Stations, Schools and Churches in Mbarara (Uganda), Lake Victoria, River Nile’s Ripon Falls, Mombasa, and Others, Many Vivid Portraits of Native People; With 31 Letters Written to Hildur Mostly by Cardale and his wife Cicely from Kenya; Additionally with about Sixty Items of Ephemera collected during Hildur’s Voyage to Kenya and Uganda in 1940s].

Ca. 1920s. Over 140 loose gelatin silver prints of various size, including over eighty large photos ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in) or slightly smaller; and over thirty smaller images, ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in); the rest are ca. 6,5x11 cm (2 ½ x 4 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. Most photos with pencil or ink captions in English or Swedish on versos. Several corners of photos mildly creased, but overall very good strong photos. With 31 letters, dated 1920-1948, small and large Octavos, in all over eighty pages of legible text in English. Black and blue ink on various wove paper; with three stamped envelopes. With over sixty items of various ephemera (visas, travel insurance, telegrams, recommendation letters to African authorities and churches, receipts from hotels, shops and churches, railway tickets, medicine prescriptions et al.), dated 1946-1947. Overall a very good archive.
Extensive interesting archive of original photographs, letters, and ephemera from the estate of Hildur Carolina Luck, a secretary of Swedish Kvinnelige Misjons Arbeidere (Women Mission Workers’ Organization) in the 1940s. The archive’s contents are closely related to the life of Hildur’s brother, Charles Cardale Luck (1875-1954), a known Swedish artist and a residing farmer in eastern Kenya in the 1920-1940s. The archive contains over 140 original photos taken during Hildur’s visit to her brother’s Gwonongween estate near Lumbwa (Kenya’s Rift Valley region) in autumn-winter 1921-1922 (see the letter by Cicely Luck from 17 Oct. 1921). Over twenty images were taken in the estate, including portraits of Cardale Luck, his wife Cicely and their four children George Thomas Axel (1911-?), Rolf Cardale (1912-1944), Cecil Percy (1917-2008), and Andolie Sophia (ca. 1920-?), with nice photos of the wife and children feeding the chickens, two younger Luck kids posing next to an African hut, portraits of native farm workers milking cows, Kikuyu girls near Lumbwa, native men dancing on the front lawn of the estate, servants moving furniture out of or to the estate, a panoramic view of the estate taken from the distance, views of the nearby mountain ridges of the Great Rift Valley, and others. About twenty images of Kenya show streets in Mombasa, Fort Jesus on Mombasa Island, a street in Kavirondo district, a native dance, termite mounds, people from Kavirondo in festive costumes, and others.
Over sixty interesting photos were taken during Hildur Luck’s trip to the missionary stations in Mbarara (Ankole region of Uganda) via Lake Victoria. The photos show Church Missionary Society station in Ndejje (native girls posing with missionary “Miss E. Brewer”), children on a lesson in CMS school in Mbarara, mission bungalow in Mbarara, native church in the Ankole region, a group of native boy scouts in Mbarara, missionary “Miss Brittain” on a bike posing with native boys in the Ankole region, a female missionary teaching native girls sowing, people leaving Kampala Cathedral after the service, CMS hospital in Kampala; several group portraits of Ugandan native Christian priests with their families; view of the graves of English missionary and martyr James Hannington (1847-1885) and missionary George Lawrence Pilkington (1865-1897) apparently in Kampala; portraits of Hildur Luck being carried by native porters across a river and driven in a cart, a portrait of native carriers moving heavy luggage uphill, and numerous portraits of native villagers, children, babies, girls carrying water, musicians playing drums, girls working on a field, and others. There are also fourteen interesting images of Lake Victoria and Ripon Falls in Uganda (now submerged after the construction of the Owen Falls Dam in 1954), showing native canoes in Jinja, a village on the lake shore, native boat with the sign “Africa, Entebbe” on the stern, and Hildur Luck and her brother (?) posing in front of the Ripon Falls.
The letters include four early ones written in the first years of the Luck family’s life in the Gwonongween estate (dated 31 July 1920 – 26 Oct. 1922), and twenty-seven later ones, written in the family next house in Ol Ngatonga farm, Kitale region of Kenya (16 Dec. 1938 – 12 Dec. 1948). Written mostly by Cicely Luck (with a few authored by Cardale) and addressed mostly to Hildur or her sister Nilsalie (Nilsalie Frederica Hallencreutz, 1878-1972), the letters talk about family affairs and life in Africa, household duties, crops, farm animals, Swedish food they had a home, risks of getting sleeping sickness and malaria, locust attacks, Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (4 Aug. 1920), the beginning of WW2 (4 Sept. 1939), Russo-Finnish War of 1939-1940 (22 Feb. 1940), the death of their second son Rolf (5 Nov. 1944), the end of WW2 (14 May 1945), the plans to move to Cape Town for retirement (12 Dec., 1948), and others.
A long fascinating letter by Cicely Luck dated 26 October 1922 gives a detailed account of their car trip from Jinja to Kisumu on the shore of Lake Victoria via Busia, with a thunderstorm and heavy rains getting their car stuck in the mud and forcing them to stay overnight in the mud huts of a nearby rest camp; a long colourful passage describes Kavirondo people coming back from a Ngoma party whom the travellers met on the way: “I can’t attempt to do justice to their attire – it was infinitely varied & grotesque beyond belief! Pat & I could really have wept at being unable to snap them. <…> All the women were oiled until they gleamed like well kept mahogany. They had painted their legs with grey <…?> paint, but otherwise were not got up, save for numerous bead ornaments, hair oiled etc. They really looked delightful, or rather the young girls did, before child-bearing had spoilt their figures, poor dears. They were so graceful & unselfconscious in their movements & looked so happy, teeth & eyes gleaming in competition with their polished limbs. All the men were painted but not like the Lua Kavirondos the other side of Nunias that you took a snap of – not all over haphazard, but carefully with elaborate designs <…> in dull red, grey & ochre coloured earths. Some had nose, mouth & chin painted yellow, outlined in red, others had eyes patterned. Almost all had elaborate patterns in 2 or 3 colours on the legs. Some wore leopard skins, & other “cat” skins, not slung over the shoulders, but round the waist, giving quite a skirt=-ike effect. One wore, I think, a hyena skin, but I can’t be sure. Some crowned these costumes with European straw hats, preferably 2 on tops of each other – Tenai fashion - & that, together with their <…?> salutes, were indescribably ludicrous, when combined with their native war paint! <…> They carried huge shield & spears – one had on European boots! Some wore tusks & horns all round their heads, these I think were the most alarming to the eye – truly they were all like the worst nightmare of cannibal chiefs that a fever-haunted child-brain could conjure up. And yet you know they were very kindly should & saluted & “jamboed” us very friendly as we passed, & grinned like pleased school-boys at our open admiration!”
Other excerpts from the letters:
Swedish Mount Elgon Expedition (April-July 1920): “Just now we have 3 of the Swedish Expedition with us – Capt. & Fru Lovén, Dr. Granvik – it is very nice to have them to talk to & hear all their adventures at Elgon & en route. They are very pleased with their time & the results of their labours, & on the whole the weather has been all in their favour. They will stay here for some days before going for a brief trip to Uganda, after which they go home with their spoils. I so ejoy having Marta Lovén here, one never sees white women here, just swarms of men <…> Fru Lovén has brought a charming little baby monkey with her – you would delight in him I know. As I write he sits on the balustrade of the verandah, gracefully scratching fleas with one paw, & draping his knee long tail around him. He eats Cape gooseberries <…> and is really quite dreadfully human! <…> They hope to take him home with them, but the pity is that baby monkeys grow up & become large and ugly!” (Cicely Luck, letter from 4 Aug., 1920).
WW2: “We are this year going in chiefly for flax which is so badly needed for war purposes, aeroplane wings covering in particular <…> We may have to go in for pigs and more cattle to supply the troops in Egypt with bacon & butter & cheese” (22 Feb. 1940); “The rationing, which mainly hits town people, is by no means severe, and we have all we need. Of course, we have had masses of troops to feed, and still have <…> Renewals, renewals of every kind needed to replace everything that has got worn out during the war, not least agricultural machinery everywhere, then too fabrics of every sort and kind <…> Spares of every sort & kind for machinery and cars have been most difficult to get” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945).
Germans: “Even in Tanganyika, the missionaries preached Nazism from the pulpits and had Hitler’s <…?> in the churches, & that with few exceptions” (Cardale Luck, 16 Sept. 1945)
Death of Rolf Cardale Luck: “We received this wire from Airgroup Nairobi yesterday morning: “Deeply regret to inform you H.Lt. R.C. Luck D.F.C. Reported missing Oct. 28th, failed to return to base from special mission.” What this “special mission” was I hope we may know some day is not now. As presumably his Catalina came down at sea & they must have led scout planes scouring the probably area for 4-5- days before the telegram was despatched…” (Cardale Luck, 5 Nov. 1944).
Overall a fascinating extensive archive giving a first-hand account of white settlers’ life in the 1920s-1940s British East Africa.
Charles Cardale Luck was a son of a prominent Swedish businessman of English origin Percy F. Luck (1844-1915). Charles Luck studied engraving in the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, and later in England and France, exhibited at the 1913 Salon (Benezit Dictionary of Arts) and moved to Kenya in 1920. While residing in Africa, he authored an article “The Origin of the Massai and Kindred Tribes and of Bornean Tribes” (The Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society, London, 1926, August, pp. 91-193).


2. [AFRICA - LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)]
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours…”; With: A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8,5x5,5 cm)].

Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin"(Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB).
This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.


[NEVIERE, Louis, and others]
[Album of Seventy-Three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Madagascar Assembled by a French Officer from the General Staff of the First Governor of Madagascar Joseph Gallieni, Including a Large Panorama of Antananarivo and Over Twenty other Views of the Capital, Photos from Gallieni’s Tour around Madagascar in 1898, Portraits of Local Nobility and Malagasy People, et al.].

Ca. 1897-1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x37 cm). Twenty-one card stock leaves. Sixty-nine mounted gelatin silver prints ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, one six-part folding gelatin silver print panorama ca. 11,5x92,5 cm (4 ½ x 36 ½ in), and three cyanotypes ca. 16,5x12 cm (6 ½ x 4 ¾ in). With eleven additional photos of other places mounted at rear (including one folding panorama and one cyanotype). The majority of images with period manuscript pencil or ink captions in French on the mounts, some with additional pencil captions on versos. Period dark green faux leather cloth album with decorative endpapers. Album neatly repaired on the front hinge, a few images mildly faded, one panorama with a small tear at joint, but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
Historically significant collection of original photos of Madagascar compiled by a French military officer who served in the General Staff of General Joseph Gallieni (1849-1916), the infamous first governor of Madagascar in 1896-1905. Gallieni is known as the commander who abolished the 350-year-old monarchy on the island and sent the last Queen of Madagascar Ranavalona III to exile (on 27 February 1897); in the following two years he carried out a wide-scale military operation on the pacification of the insurgent tribes of Madagascar which resulted in the acceptance of the French authority by the majority of the Malagasy people.
More than half the photos in the album relate to General Gallieni’s tour on 2 June – 8 October 1898, when he and his General Staff, accompanied with journalists and photographers of “Le Tour de Monde” magazine, went from Tananarive (Antananarivo) to Majunga (Mahajanga) via Ankazobe, Andriba and Suberbieville (Maevetanana), and from thence went around the island on board the cruiser of the French navy “Laperouse,” visiting Nosy Be Island in the north and then proceeding south, with stops at Maintirano, Morondava, Tullear (Toliara), Fort Dauphin (Tolanaro), Mananjary, Andevoranto, and Tamatave (Toamasina); the party returned to Tananarive via Moramanga. The tour was documented in the anonymous account “Voyage du Général Gallieni: Cinq mois autour de Madagascar” authored by “Capitaine X***, Attaché a l’État-Major du Governeur Général” (Paris: Hachette et Cie, 1901), and illustrated with the photos taken by “Le Tour de Monde” photographers Louis Nevière and Edouard Perrot, and several amateur photographers. Over a dozen photos in our album (mostly taken by L. Nevière) were reproduced in the book.
The album includes over twenty views of Antananarivo, including a large six-part folding panorama of the city, views of the Queen’s Palace, the Palace of the Prime Minister (occupied by the French naval infantry at the moment), Office of the General Staff (Bureaux de l’Etat Major), Queen’s church, Andohalo square, Rue des Canons, Treasury, Court, Post Office, city race track (showing racing filanzanas or sedan chairs, and bicyclists), old market, a camp of the Hova army on the Mahamasina square (reproduction of an earlier photo by father Roblet, dated 1873), Mahamasina square during Malagasy schoolchildren's festival (the sign on the photo reads “Marakely des Ecoles Officielles de Tananarive”), and others. There are also several scenes of arrival of General Gallieni to the Andohalo Square after the completion of his tour in October 1898. Three earlier photos dated 1897 show the submission of Madagascar chiefs (Rabozaka, Rabezavana, and Raininitavi) to General Gallieni.
Photos taken during the tour around Madagascar show stops in Mahatsara and Mahalava, a Kabary (a public speech) performance in Maintirano, native dance of Antaifasy, views of Majunga, Tamatave (raid, “Avenue # 1”), Nosy Be (a pier, a village), Sakalava tombs in Morondava, “Boeni” steamboat of the Compagnie Suberbie on the Betsiboka River, Mount Andriba, Manankaro Falls, works on the “passable road to the East,” Fort Dauphin and its raid, cruiser “Laperouse” wrecked on shore near Fort Dauphin on the 31st of July 1898, and other places on the island. The portraits taken during the tour include those of Captain Jean Dumézil (1857-1929) and Lt. Jung, both from the Geographical Service of the French army in Madagascar in 1898-1899, posing in front of their tent in Tamotamo (southeastern Madagascar); and over a dozen portraits of Malagasy people: Sakalava King Tsialana II and Queen Binao, Sakalava men and women from Menabe and Nosy Be Island, Bara men, Betsimisaraka woman, men of the Hova caste, two photos of blacksmiths putting irons on a prisoner, Hova family, Bara people in Ankazoabo, Betsimisaraka women dancing in Mahanoro, Sakalava dance in Maevetanana, Betsileo people, and others. There are also two classical studio portraits of Queen Ranavalona III (1861-1917) and Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony (1828-1896), three cyanotypes showing French residents of Madagascar; and two portraits of the album’s compiler first when a second lieutenant (sous-lieutenant) in Hanoi, and then while a decorated senior officer in Tananarive. With eleven images of Gibraltar (a three-part panorama), Zanzibar, women of Senegal, and Martinique at rear.
Overall a very interesting collection of unusual views of Madagascar made during the time that the island became part of French colonial empire.


[Album of over 300 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Zaïan and Rif Wars in Morocco].

Ca. 1917-1925. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x42,5 cm). Twenty-five purple album leaves. Over 300 original gelatin silver prints, two are ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 in), over 45 prints are ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and the rest are ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) or smaller. Photographs are mounted, and the majority with period manuscript black ink captions in French. Additionally with over 20 French newspaper clippings and magazine articles mounted on album leaves. Period maroon pebbled cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This collection documents in detail the success of French conquest in Morocco between 1917 and 1925. It focuses on the submission of several Berber villages to French rule during and following the Zaian war (which took place 1914-1921, as France extended its influence in Morocco eastwards through the Middle Atlas, met with resistance from Berber tribes). These include Ksiba (captioned “newly won”), Aguelmame Aziza, Tsiwant (village stormed in 1923), Aït Bazza (photos include Colonel de Chambrun explaining the manœuvre on the eve of the attack and the submission of the village), an exchange between the Maréchal Lyautey and Zayan Pasha (1922), and the submission of Tribes from North of the Ouergha River to Aïn Aïcha in 1924. The album also documents a portion of the Rif War, a colonial war between Riffain tribes and the French and Spanish troops in the Rif mountains (1921-1926), including a visit from Damaso Berenguer, High Commissioner of Spanish Morocco, aerial photographs marking posts and villages, and several images of Riffain prisoners. Also included are over 15 photos of Almis du Guigou, including Armistice Day (November 11 1918), a visit from Alexandre Millerand ( President of France from 1920-1924) in 1922
The photographs are likely taken by Lieutenant de Séroux from the 1st Spahi Regiment, whose accomplishments are highlighted in newspaper clippings included in the album. A photograph shows his decoration by Maréchal Lyautey (the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925) in June 1918. Also photographed is General Poeymiraum, one of Maréchal Lyautey’s collaborators; both are known for playing crucial roles in the submission of the Zaïans.
The photograph include (with the original French captions):
Fes; Campements; Premier avion atterit à Almis, 10-1918; Le Maréchal Lyautey me décore (june 1918); Almis du Guigou; Tazouta 1920; Sefrou 1920; General Poeymirau; Visite du Président de la République Millerand au Maroc; Khenifra; Le Maréchal et le Pasha des Zaïans; Ksiba nouvellement conquis; Rabat: Défilé du 14 Juillet 1922; Le roi et la reine des Belges s’embarquant sur le «Diana»; La reine des Belges à Casablanca; Dans le Moyen Atlas; Aguelmame Aziza; Le village de Tsiouant Foukani pris d’assaut en 1923; Aït Bazza: veille d’opération, Le Colonel de Chambrun explique la manœuvre; Visite du Général Berenguer, Haut Commissaire Espagnole à Fez, 1923; Le Pasha Baghdadi de Fes; Voyage des Attachés Militaires Etrangers au Maroc 1923; Soumission des Tribus du Nord de l’Ouergh à Aïn Aïcha (1924); Ma decoration à Aïn-Aïcha Janvier 1925; Taounate 1924-1925; Aerial photographs; Prisoniers Riffains Juillet 1925.


[Album of Fifty-two Original Gelatin Silver and Collotype Photographs of Windhoek and Environs in Deutsch Southwest Africa (Namibia), Likely Compiled by a German Colonial Artillery Officer].

1899-1904. Oblong Folio (25x36,5 cm). 19 stiff green album leaves. With 52 original gelatin silver and collotype photographs, the majority ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and the largest ones ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in) and the smallest ones ca. 10x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves all captioned in German in black ink on mounts. Original brown decoratively embossed cloth album with gilt title "Photographien" on front cover. A couple of photographs mildly faded, two with some mild discolouration and one with some edge wear. Hinges of album cracked but holding, overall a very good album of interesting photographs.
This album which was most likely compiled by a German colonial artillery officer contains interesting photos of the landscapes, people, buildings and the German military (especially artillery) in Windhoek and environs when it was the capital of the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Officers on board ship leaving Germany for Deutsch Suedwest Afrika 25.4.1899; Damara huts; Colonel Leutwein; Aredareigas 1901 (Battery buildings and exercises) & Aredareigas 1905 (military group photos, landscape views, raising livestock, branding donkeys etc.); Windhoek (Building firing range, Junior officer corps and promotion party 1903), War memorial, leopards, Services at War Memorial and for locals, Herero family, panoramas (7) of big and little Windhoek, Soldiers on riding oxen, Battery buildings, Military parade 27.1.1903). Overall a very interesting album of interesting views of Namibia and of the German military there during the time of the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


KOENEN, Jos[eph?], Regierungs-Landmesser
[Album of Fifty-three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Swakopmund, Windhoek, Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Karibib, Ababis and Khan in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia), Compiled by a Senior German Colonial Surveyor].

15 December 1900. Oblong Quarto (18x25 cm). 25 stiff light green album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver photographs, fifty of which are mounted ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and three smaller personal ones loosely inserted. Images inserted recto and verso into windows of album leaves and all captioned in manuscript in German in black ink on mounts. Original green embossed cloth album with manuscript black ink paper title label "Suedwest-Afrika 1900-1903" on front cover. Covers mildly soiled and with mild wear of extremities, a couple repaired tears of mounts, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album which was compiled by a senior German colonial official contains historically interesting and candid photos of Namibia when it was the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Swakopmund (general view, port, bookstore, trading company buildings, Bank (Deutsche Colonial Gesellschaft fuer Suedwest Afrika), "Deutschen Colonial Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, "Damara-Namaqua Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, customs office, shipping company buildings, Oberstlieutnant Leutwein (Gouverneur) taking a walk, Central Hotel with accommodations for staff, "Swakopmunder Handelgesellschaft" store, trains station with steam engine, pump station with waterline, quarry for building of the port with Ovambo workers, view over the Imperial port construction office, construction of railroad, home of Major Pofall, post office, ox wagens, "Tippelskirch & co." building, whale bones on the beach, Cafe Hagemeister); Windhoek (Governor Leutwein at his residence, general view, war memorial, street scene, hot springs, artillery barracks, ruins of a fort (war with Witbooi), place of Hottentots massacre, first Government house, Catholic Mission, street in Little Windhoek, View of Little Windhoek); Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Last troop transport; Karibib train station & post station; Ababis; Khan (general view, train station, cliffs); Rossing Train station; Luederitzbucht; native prisoners. Overall a very interesting album of evocative views showing Namibia shortly before the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


Photographic Scenery of South Africa.

[Syracuse, New York]: Sam. Alexander, 1880. First Edition. viii, 56 pp. With a tinted lithograph title page, titled in gold and with a photographic portrait. 100 collotype photographs mounted (recto and verso) on 25 thick card stock leaves, each collotype ca. 10x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All the photos numbered and with printed captions. Original brown publisher's pictorial gilt embossed full morocco. Extremities with some mild wear but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
This attractive and extensive collection of photographs of South Africa includes views of Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, King Williams Town, Tulbagh, Blomfontein, Graaff Reinet, Graham's Town, Hex River Mountain, Zululand, Rorke's Drift, Mossel Bay, Howick Falls, Bird Island, Durban, Beaufort West, East London, several images of diamond fields, Maritzburg, Umgeni River, Cradock, Kowie River, Mitchell's Pass and Breede River, Worcester, Bains Kloof, East London, Hex River, Knysna River, several images of locals including witch doctors and additionally includes a couple of views of Mozambique and Zanzibar. "A collection of photographs published by subscription. There are 100 views, and a letterpress extending to fifty-six pages, describing the various colonies, public institutions and prominent men connected with the Cape at this period" (Mendelssohn Vol. 2, p. 345).


CAPEL, Pvte W.B.
[Second Boer War Journal kept in the Field, Inscribed:] Written by Pvte W.B. Capel/ Vol. Special Service in South Africa.

South Africa, 1900. Duodecimo (13x10 cm). Home-made notebook cut down from a larger provisioning ledger, each page of which is printed with a list of commodities to be ordered, some 20 pages, written in indelible pencil on perforated pages, some leaves loose, first page smudged, otherwise in a good legible condition. Covers with part of the original volume's morocco label pasted on back cover, covers worn and front cover with chip of lower corner but overall in good condition.
Autograph journal kept in the field, inscribed on the inside cover: "Written by Pvte W.B. Capel/ Vol Special Service in South Africa/ If anything should happen to me will you kindly send this book to Mrs E.J. Capel/ my father and mother/ Gladstone Villa/ Wallingford/ Berks/ England/ Vol Co Royal Berks Regiment", beginning with his voyage out to the Cape in March 1900 and ending that July.
This vivid journal records Private Capel's experiences on his voyage to South Africa, where he disembarked at East London 9 April, and his company's march to join their regiment, the Berkshires, who they joined at Bloemfontein on 20 May, Capel keen to see active service ("...I feel as though I should like to smash into them to day Monday 16 [July] We marched off this morning at 7 o'clock with 2 days rations biscuits and beef whistling and singing. We marched to the kopjes where the Boers had been but we were disappointed they were gone bolted as usual..."). The last entry, dated Saturday 21 July 1900, breaks off abruptly: "we started from Camp about 7 am and had got fairly on the road when at 7x30 we heard guns fire and then the enemy started firing with big guns it was a row for about an hour ours against theres then the pom-poms started with their peculiar pop-pop there were also several sniping shots we lay under an hill just by one of our big guns. It was funny to hear the shells whistling through the air and then several seconds after you could hear the thud and a bang which shook the hills all round I am writing this while the shells are banging all round."


[Album of 109 Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Architecture, People and Places along the North and East Coast of Tunisia, Titled:] Souvenir de Tunisie.

1884. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 27,5x35,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 in). 109 original albumen photographs including 93 from ca. 13,5x22,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to 20 x 26 cm (8x10 in), and 16 photos from ca. 16,5x11,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 20x15,5 cm (8x6 in), mounted on recto and/or verso of 46 beige album leaves. 48 are captioned in period manuscript pencil or in negative on the print by the studio. Period red quarter Morocco with gilt title on front cover and pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Some mounts mildly foxed and a couple of photographs mildly faded but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album contains photographs showing landscapes, villages and local people along the North and East coast of Tunisia during a visit by French officials in 1884 (soon after the Marsa convention was signed in 1883, which required administrative and judicial reforms under the French Protectorate). Interesting are photographs showing officials: one photograph shows a French official sitting next to a group of Tunisian people and another shows a procession of officials on horses, followed by local people, nuns and other religious figures. A group photo of Tunisian people is captioned “National Tour 1884.” A large portion of the images shows Tunis, including the old port of Carthage, clothing and perfume markets, and several photographs of the Dar el Bey government palace. Three large photographs show buildings and people along the banks of the Bizerte canal. Images of Sfax include the crowded Central street, a market near the city’s ramparts, and a view of the city. Four photographs show Kairouen, particularly the interior and exterior of the Grand Mosque. There are also many photographs of the rural regions in between towns, including an image of people gathering water at an oasis between Menzel and Djaraa, women cleaning clothes in a valley near Gabes, Arab horsemen, and an oasis near Nefta. Also included are several photographs of Malta, including Fort St Angelo and the Royal Theatre. Overall an extensive collection of excellent photographs of Tunisia.
Captioned Photos:
Porte de France; La residence; Dar el Bey; Souk des Tailleurs; Souk des Parfums; Vue du Bardo; Vue de Carthage; Cathédrale de Carthage; Chapelle de St Louis, Entrée du Musée, Carthage; Le Canal (Bizerte); Vue du Canal; Rue a Sfax; Anciens ports de Carthage; Palais dar Hussein; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Vue de Sfax; Marché a l’alfa devant les remparts (Sfax); Rue Centrale (Sfax); Marché de Djara; Dans l’oasis à Gabés; Entre Menzel et Djaraa; Pont de Menzel; Sur les bords de l’Oued Gabés; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée à Kairouen; Ancien Harem (Bardo); Escalier des lions au Bardo; Alger, Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée; Gabès; Oasis de Nefta; Cavaliers Arabes; Jardin à Nefta; A Travers l’Oasis de Tozeur; Piscine Romaine à Gafsa; Tunis, Place de la Kasbah; Tunis, Entrée du Dar-el-Bey; Cour du Dar-el-Bey, Tunis; Marabout ruiné, près du fort Sidi-ben-Hassen; Fort St Angelo, Malta; Royal Theatre, Malta; Strada Sta Lucia, Malta; Tomb of Compte Beanjolais, St John’s church, Malta; Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Anciens Ports de Carthage; Maison Arabe; Souk des Parfums; Vue Générale Kairouen; Tunis Regardant la Kasbah; El-Djem; Tour National 1834.


[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway in 1896-1901].

Ca. 1907. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8 ½ in), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4x6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but 10 captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction"(Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs:
Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.


AUDOUIN-DUBREUIL, Louis (1887-1960) & HAARDT, Georges-Marie (1884-1932)
[PRESENTATION COPY:] Le Raid Citroën. La première traversée du Sahara en automobile. De Touggourt à Tombouctou par l'Atlantide [Le Raid Citroën: The First Crossing of the Sahara by Automobile. From Touggourt to Timbuktu];
[WITH: Thirty-Five Original Photos Taken during the trip, most of which are unpublished and supplemental to the book illustrations, Showing Citroën Vehicles, Haardt, Audouin-Dubreuil and Other Expedition Members, Timbuktu, Bedouins and Tuaregs, Villagers from the Niger River, Desert Landscapes and Others].

Paris: Librairie Plon, 1924. Presentation First Edition. Quarto. xvii, 242 pp. With a frontispiece photo portrait, twelve plates, two colour printed folding maps at rear, 16 two-colour vignettes in text after drawings of Bernard Boutet de Monvel, and numerous photo illustrations in text. With ink presentation inscriptions to “Monsieur Terrel” from G.-M. Haardt and A. Citroën on the half title. Original publisher’s printed flexible beige card covers. Cover slightly age toned, otherwise a beautiful uncut copy in very good condition. Additionally with thirty-five gelatin silver photos of various size, including seven larger images from ca. 11x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca. 14x23 cm (5 ½ x 9 in); the rest are ca. 7,5x13,5 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. A couple of photos with period ink stamps “Service Commercial. Publicité” on versos, several with pencil notes in French on versos. With the original envelope of the “Atelier Photographique Ruffini” in Montargis (Loiret, France). One larger photo with minor tears on the extremities, one with a loss of the right lower corner and a part of the right margin, but otherwise a very good collection of photos.
Presentation copy of the first edition of the famous account by the pioneers of long-distance travel by car Louis Audouin-Dubreuil and Georges-Marie Haardt, describing the first traverse of the Sahara Desert in an automobile (17 December 1922 to 7 March 1923). This copy is signed by Haardt and André Citroën (1878-1935), the organizer of the expedition and the owner of the Citroën P2 six-wheeled vehicles, which were designed especially for the trip. The book is supplemented with 35 original photographs, taken during the trip, including six images reproduced in the book, and the rest are original unpublished shots. The photos reproduced in the book show: a Tuareg woman from the Adrar des Ifoghas mountains (see p. 94), Tumbuktu (p. 115), a village near Timbuktu (p. 129), villagers from the Niger bank performing tam-tam dance (p. 173), a wife of a chief from Bara (Niger River, p. 188), and Tuaregs in desert (p. 212). The other photos show the Citroën vehicles (two detailed close-up images taken from the back, views of the vehicles traversing the desert), portraits of the expedition members (including those of Adouin-Dubreuil and Haardt posing with the Bedouins, and Haardt mounted on a camel), people of the Sahara and Niger (Bedouins and Tuaregs on camels, in camps, young Bedouin woman, series of portraits of Algerian riders on horses et al.), desert landscapes, view of the Niger River et al. Overall a very interesting valuable set of photos accompanying a presentation copy in great condition.
“In 1921 Haardt and his companion Louis Adouin-Dubreuil approached André Citroën, proprietor of the company, with the proposal that if provided with suitably designed and modified cars they should be able to cross the Sahara Desert where others before them failed. The French government had for many years sought to establish reliable communications between its North and West African colonies. <…> Basing his ideas on the method of traction pioneered by British tanks on the Western Front, a talented engineer named Adolphe Kégresse developed the Citroën P2, a six-wheeled vehicle in which the two pairs of rear wheels were connected by a specially constructed rubber belt similar to a caterpillar track. Powered by a 10-horsepower engine, the vehicle could move over soft or yielding ground at a steady speed of 40 to 50 kilometres per hour. In the winter of 1921-22, eight such cars were taken by train to Touggourt for trials by Audouin-Dubreuil <…> The expedition started from Touggourt on 17.12.22, and travelling by way of Ouargla (18.12.22), Inifel (19-20.12.22), In Salah (21-24.12.22), Tit (26-28.12.22) and Kidal (2-3.1.23), reached the Niger at Bourem on 4.1.23. From there they followed the north bank of the river, arriving without serious mishap at Timbuktu on 7.1.23 – a journey of 3500 kilometres in just twenty days. On 1.2.23 the party left Timbuktu for the return journey and following the same route arrived back at Touggourt on 26.2.23” (Howgego, 1850 to 1940, Continental Exploration, H1).


HENNIG, Friedrich Lothar (1875-after 1939)
[Album with over Forty Original Watercolours and Pencil Drawings and Over Forty Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, Showing Douala, Lome, Luanda, Lüderitz Bay, Environs of Swakopmund and Cape Town, Libreville, Fernando Po Island, Gorée Island, Tenerife, African Flowers, and Others, Titled:] Habicht. 10 October 1904.

Ca. 1904-1905. Large Octavo (ca. 26x20,5 cm). Thirty-one card leaves with tissue guards. With ca. thirty watercolours and over a dozen pencil and/or ink drawings, from ca. 4x5,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ¼ in) to ca. 18x23 cm (7x9 in); and over forty gelatin silver photos from ca. 5x6,5 cm (1 ¾ x 2 ½ in) to ca. 14x20,5 cm (5 ½ x 8 in), mounted on the leaves or loosely inserted. With a mounted printed postcard and several chromolithographed prints of African flowers loosely inserted. Most watercolours, drawings and photos with ink and pencil captions in German and/or dates on the lower margins of the images or on the mounts. One of the prints of African flowers with a presentation inscription in English on verso. Period light green full cloth album with gilt lettered title on the front cover. A few photos mildly faded, otherwise a very good album.
Album with beautiful watercolours and interesting original photos of the West African coast drawn and taken by Dr. Lothar Hennig during his service as a ship surgeon on S.M.S. “Habicht” in December 1904 - May 1905. Gunboat of the German Imperial Navy, S.M.S. “Habicht” was a part of the West African Squadron in 1885-1905, visited a number of West African ports from Gorée Island to Cape Town, and took part in several punitive expeditions against the native rebels of German colonies (Duala and Bakoko people in 1886 and 1891, people of Kribi in 1897, and others). In 1904-1905, during Dr. Hennig’s service, “S.M.S. Habicht” was a part of the combined military and naval force sent to suppress the Herero Revolt in German South-West Africa (modern-day Namibia).
The watercolors and drawings show Douala (House of king Rudolph Manga Bell, banks of the Wouri River), Luanda (four views of the old city, a small lighthouse in the harbor, a Portuguese bark near the city), Congo River (sketched during a trip to Kinshasa on board SMS “Vineta”), Lüderitz Bay (Namibia), sandy coast of Swakopmund, Cape Town and environs (S.M.S. “Habicht” at sea on the way to Cape town, local fish boats in the harbor, Table Mountain), a bay hear Cape St. Mary (Angola), a street in Libreville (Gabon), silhouette of Fernando Po Island (now Bioko, Equatorial Guinea), Gorée Island and French ships in the harbor of Dakar (Senegal), Punta Roxa on Tenerife (Canary Islands), a street in La Grana (Ferrol, Spain), and others. Several watercolours show African flowers and trees: flowers growing on the Table Mountain (4), Strelitzia reginae from Orotava (Tenerife), a pine on the sear shore near Cape Town, and a baobab (ink drawing); there are also pencil drawn sketches of horns of African antelope. A pencil drawn sketch designs an invitation to the celebration of the 25th anniversary of SMS “Habicht’s” service in the navy (1880-1905), which was to take place in Cape Town, on the 18th of March 1905. A later watercolour depicts Mount Bromo (East Java, Indonesia), being apparently drawn during Hennig’s service on S.M.S. “Fürst Bismarck” in 1909 (then a part of German East Asia Squadron).
The photos show Duala (palace of king Manga Bell, German cemetery, native houses), Lome (several views of a railway bridge on the pier, taken from the distance and close up, with German naval officers posing to the camera on the bridge), SMS “Habicht” in Cape Town harbor, native sail boats, portraits of an Angolan girl, and an African boy with eye disease, and others. Several photos apparently portray Dr. Hennig, showing him in a forest near Douala, hunting near Cape St. Bras (Angola), standing on a beach near Lüderitz Bay in a company of penguins, and on a picnic near Cape Town. The album closes with a large photo of “Eleonora Woermann,” a passenger, freight and mail liner for German West Africa (on service in 1902-1915).
Dr. Friedrich Lothar Hennig served in the Imperial German Navy in 1896-1911, in 1904-1905 he was ship’s surgeon on S.M.S. “Habicht” off the coast of Southwest Africa; in 1908 served on S.M.S. “Fürst Bismarck,” during WW1 served in the Reserve-Lasarett in Braunschweig, and later operated a private clinic there (Wehrmacht-Awards.com Militaria Forums).


[Album with 169 Original Gelatin Silver Snapshot Photographs taken by a Crew Member of USCGC “Northland” during the 1934 Arctic Voyage to the Alaskan Coast and the Bering Sea, with Interesting Views of the Inside Passage, Unalaska, Nome, Elim Village, King Island, St. Lawrence Island, and Teller; Portraits of the Officers and Crew, Inuit Families, Onboard Views of the “Northland’s” Bridge, Wardroom, Deck, Firing Machine Guns and Starboard Guns on the 4th of July, and Others].

1934. Oblong Folio (ca. 22x36 cm). Thirty-three card stock leaves (eleven blank). 169 mounted gelatin silver prints, including 23 larger ones, ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in), and over 140 smaller ones ca. 5,5x7,5 cm (2x3 in). Several with white pencil captions on the mounts, over twenty with typewritten or pencil captions on verso. Nine paper leaves with printed forms of the “Memory Leaves” and “My log and diary” at the front (with several manuscript entries on the first leaf), several newspaper clippings at rear. Original brown soft leather album with a custom made drawing of a silhouette of USCGC “Northland” within a naval steering wheel on the front board. Covers slightly soiled, a few images removed from the album and a couple mildly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of lively snapshots taken by a crew member (most likely, an officer) of the US Coast Guard Cutter “Northland” during an annual Arctic cruise to Point Barrow, Alaska, in 1934. The “Northland” was a gunboat specially designed for Arctic waters and the last cruising cutter for the Coast Guard equipped with a sailing rig. In 1929-1938 she patrolled the Bering Sea gathering military intelligence, carrying mail, enforcing the law, transporting teachers to remote areas, conducting medical service, surveying coastlines etc.
The album documents the “Northland’s” 1934 expedition from Seattle via the Inside Passage, with stops on the Aleutian Islands, Nome, Elim village (Norton Bay, Bering Sea), King Island, St. Lawrence Island (both Bering Sea), and Teller (Alaskan coast of the Bering Strait). Interesting images include: views of the “Northland” near a pier in Seattle (captioned “We Say goodbye”, on verso: “Your Dad unwittingly go into this one, see if you can pick him out”), a photo of the crew members list; views of the Inside Passage (some captions on verso: “A narrow turn on Wrangel Narrows... Only a scant few feet separate the vessel from land. This picture was taken from the crow’s nest. The Carpenter Mr. Dough took it with his camera…”, “Swanson’s Bay on the way up in the Inland Passage. A beautiful spot. Hope that you and Chickie may some day come here”), Dutch Harbor and Mount Ballyhoo on the Unalaska Island (crew members in walrus skin boats, trout pond, Mount Pyramid, “Left to Right: Lt. Dick Morel, Lt. Maude, Ensign Olsen and Dr. Bingman. We are camping out the tundra moors”, general view of Unalaska village); icefields near Nome, two street views of Nome (with the crew members posing in front of the office of the “Nome Daily Nugget” newspaper), views of Elim village (native houses, public school, portraits of the locals, including “An Eskimo boy being taken to the Northland”), houses on a cliff on the “King Island, North Bering Sea,” “Landing Rock, King Island,” “Savoonga, St. Lawrence Is.,” “Landing at Savoonga,” and several views of Teller (main street, “Mr. & Mrs. Whaley” swimming, and a “Moving Picture camp near Teller”).
There are also a number of photos of the “Northland’s” bridge, wardroom, radio room, and deck, a crow’s nest view, scenes of setting the mainsail, firing the machine gun and port and starboard guns during the 4th of July celebration, portraits of the officers and crew including Lieutenants Maude, Saranson, Morrel, and Edwards, Dr. Bingman, ensign Olsen, sailors experiencing “Night Life, Unalaska” (two photos, captioned on verso: “I tried to photograph a native orchestra, but the navy wanted its picture,” “Scene in Unalaska, saloon”), a crew member gold panning in Nome and others. The clippings from the “Nome Daily Nugget” at rear inform about the project of establishing a two-way radio communication between the “Northland” and the camp of Admiral Richard Byrd in Little America (near the South Pole). Overall a very interesting historically important album showing remote settlements in Alaska and the Bering Sea.


[Receipt for Various Sundries Issued by the Klondike Outfitting Co. From Portland to a Prospector Going to Klondike via Dyea, for Over Eighty Items, Including Felt Boots, Seal Mittens, Fur Robe, Arctic Underwear, Duck Lined Overalls, Goggles, Ice Creepers, Magnifying Glass, Medicine Case, Alaska Map – “No Charge”, Quick Silver, Gold Pans, Compass, Shovel, Axe, Dried Beef, Bacon, Flour, Corn Meal, Rice, Beans, Evaporated Peaches, Raisins, Vinegar, Lime Juice, Uncoloured Japanese Tea, Coffee, Salt, Paper, Mustard, Cayenne Pepper, Chewing Tobacco et al; With a Manuscript Note on Verso Giving Directions to a Gold Claim in Klondike].

[Portland, Oregon], 16 March 1898. Four leaves of printed receipts, ca. 35x21,5 cm (13 ¾ x 8 ½ in); white lined paper of “American Writing Paper Co.” (watermarked “De Pere Mills Ledger”), completed in brown ink. Leaves filled in on rectos only and fastened together with a small pin. Faded pencil handwriting on verso of the last leaf. Fold marks, paper mildly soiled and slightly age toned, otherwise a very good receipt.
A fascinating artefact from the heyday of the Klondike Gold Rush (1896-1899), this receipt lists over eighty items bought by a prospector heading for the Alaskan gold fields from Portland. The items were sold by the “Klondike Outfitting Co.,” one of many companies formed to supply the crowds of prospectors, and were to be delivered to the port of Dyea on board of an “Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co.’s” steamer “George W. Elder.” The receipt was addressed to one “H. Walter”[?] and was paid on March 16, 1898. The receipt lists 85 positions, forming a year’s supply for one prospector, including: “1 pr. Rubber Boots, <…>, 1 Pr. Felt Boots, 1 pr. Suit Pack, 1 Pack Strap – No Charge, 1 pr. Seal Mittens, 1 Mosquito Bar, 1 Fur Robe, 1 pr. Arctic Underwear, 1 pr. Overshirt Mackintosh, 1 Fur Coat, 1 pr. Overalls, 1 pr. Duck Lined Overalls, 1 Corduroy Suit, 1 Rubber Blancket, 1 Canvas Cover, 2 pr. Wool Socks, 1 pr. <…?> Socks, 200 # Flour, <…> 1 pr. Ice Creepers, 2 Fry Pans, 1 Copper Pot, 1 Granite Kettle [?], 1 Bread Pan, 1 Camp Kettle, 1 Cup, 1 Wash Basin, 1 Iron Spoon, 1 pr. Goggles, <…>, 1 <…?> Sled, 1 Magnifying Glass, 1 Medicine Case, 15 # Nails, 5 # Pitch, <…>, 1 Cotton Tape, 1 Alaska Map – No Charge, <…>, 1 Camp Stool, 2 Spoon Hooks, 2 # Quick Silver, 2 Gold Pans, 1 Compass, 1 Maynard Shovel, 1 Ax [sic!] and Handle, 200 ft. Manilla Rope, 1 Single Block to Fit Rope, 1 <…> Candle Stick, 1 Tent, 1 Tank for Quick Silver – No Charge, 15 Canvas Packing Bags, 50 # Dried Beef, 150 # Bacon, 100 # Wheat Flour, 25 # Corn Meal, 25 # Rolled Oats, 25 # Split Peas, 25 # Rice, 50 # Beans, 25 # Evap. Potatoes, <…>, 25 # Evap. Peaches, 5 # Raisins, 25 # Evap. Apricots, 1 Con’d Milk – Eagle, 1 Bot. Ex. Vinegar, 1 Bot. Lime Juice, 5 # Royal B. Powder, 2 # Baking Soda, 50 # Sugar, 4 # Uncoloured Japan Tea, 10 # Coffee, 20 # Salt, 1 # Pepper, 3 # Mustard, ½ Lb. Cayenne Pepper, 1 Tin Matches, 1 Box Candles – Schwindler’s, 3 # Pedro, 1 # Chewing Tobacco Star, 1 Box Pilot Bread, 1 Oil Skin Coat.
A faded pencil written note on verso looks like a brief description of the route to the prospector’s gold claim in the Klondike: “50 miles north[?]… pass 3 rivers, 4 we go in, 1 mile up stream to the left, small […?]”. Overall a very interesting original manuscript giving a first-hand impression of the Klondike Gold Rush.
“To reach the gold fields most took the route through the ports of Dyea and Skagway in Southeast Alaska. Here, the Klondikers could follow either the Chilkoot or theWhite Pass trails to theYukon River and sail down to the Klondike. Each of them was required to bring a year's supply of food by the Canadian authorities in order to prevent starvation. In all, their equipment weighed close to a ton, which for most had to be carried in stages by themselves” (Wikipedia).


WHYMPER, F[rederick] (1838-1901)
[Two Original Signed Ink and Wash Sketches of Nuklukayet and a Russian Mission Settlement on the Yukon River in Russian America, Taken during His Journey up the Yukon River to Fort Yukon as a Member of the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition in September 1866-August 1867].

1867. Two pen and wash sketches on paper, ca. 19x42 cm (7 ½ x 16 ½ in) and ca. 15,5x42 cm (6 x 16 ½ in). Each mounted on slightly larger piece of period card, dated and signed by the artist “F. Whymper del. 1867” in the right lower corner; handwritten titles (in brown ink) on the mounts. Both watercolours slightly age toned, the second watercolour with minor scratches on the upper margin and of the title on the mount (with some text missing), otherwise a very good pair of watercolours.
Two historically important watercolour views of two settlements on the Yukon River in Russian America drawn by British artist Frederick Whymper who extensively travelled across Alaska during the Russian-American Telegraph Expedition (1865-1867). The first drawing shows Nuklukayet – an important trading ground of the Native Americans from the upper reaches of the Yukon and “the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders” (Whymper, F. Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska. London, 1868, p. 210). Nuklukayet was abandoned in the end of the 19th century; the closest modern settlement is Tanana, about one mile downstream. The artist gave a peaceful picture of the village with the native Americans gathered next to their tents on the bank of the river, poles with drying fish, numerous canoes on shore, mighty Yukon and distant hills in the background. The second drawing shows the Russian Mission village on the lower Yukon where Whymper and his companions stopped just for three hours on their way back from Fort Yukon in July 1867. Whymper created an attractive picture of the whole little settlement: Russian Orthodox church and the priest’s house, three log houses of the Russian American Company (a native American is standing next to the door of one of them), elevated storage on high poles, and a couple of tents. Overall beautiful early views of the Yukon River when still a possession of Russian America.
This is how Whymper described both places in his book “Travel and Adventure in the Territory of Alaska...” (London, 1868):
“In the evening [June 7, 1867] we made the junction of the Tanana River and the Yukon, between which, on a tongue of land, Nuclukayette, an Indian trading ground of importance, is situated. <…> The place in the furthest point ever reached by the Russian traders, and is about 240 miles above Nulato. Within the last two or three years some of the Hudson Bay Company’s men have also come down with trading goods to this village. Hither come Indians from all quarters. Co-Yukons, Newicarguts, Tananas, and even the Kotch-á-kutchins from Fort Yukon. On some occasions their gatherings have numbered 600 persons. <…> On landing at this village a ceremony had to be gone through, possible to test whether we had “strong hearts” or not. The Indians already there, advanced, whooping, yelling, and brandishing their guns till they reached us, and then discharged them in the air. We, with the Indians just arrived, returned the compliment <…>. We found this place almost bare of provisions; the Indians dancing and singing all the same with empty stomachs, knowing that the season for moose-hunting was at hand” (210-211).
“On the 20th [of July, 1867], at half-past four in the morning, we reached the “Missie,” or Mission, once exclusively what its name implies, but now both the residence of a priest of the Greek Church and the sole Russian trading post on the lower river. We met the priest , or “pope,” as the Russians term him, afterwards at St. Michael’s, and a very saintly and heavily-bearded individual he was, but said to be by no means averse to the bottle. <…> The Russians had centralized their forces at the Mission, and had withdrawn them from Andreavski – to be hereafter mentioned – and from the Kolmakoff Redoubt on the Koskequim River. From this place they made periodical trading excursions. <…> The settlement comprises a chapel with two buildings attached, the property of the priest, and three log houses appertaining to the Fur Company. There is no fort or enclosed space. <…> We stopped there about three hours, and then resumed our journey…” (p. 235-236).
“Nuklukayet: locality, at junc. Of Tanana and Yukon Rivers <…> Former Indian trading camp and settlement located on the right bank of the Yukon River near the junction of the Tanana River, usually between the Tozitna River and Mission Hill; reported by Dall (1870, p. 57) as “Nuklukahyet.” With the establishment of a trading station, about 1869, the area became a more permanent station. (See Tanana)” (Orth, D.J. Dictionary of Alaska Place Names. Washington, 1967, p. 708).
“Russian Mission, village, pop. 102, on right bank of Yukon River 25 mi SE of Marshall, Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta <…>. Var. Ekogmute, Ikagmiut, Ikogmut, Ikogmute, the Mission. The Eskimo name for this village appears to have been reported by Lt. L.A. Zagoskin, IRN, in 1842-44 and published in Russian by Tikhmenev, in 1861, as “S[elo] Ikogmyut,” possibly meaning “people of the point.” It is listed by I. Petroff in the 1880 Census as “Ikogmute,” with 143 inhabitants; the 1890 Census lists 140. Baker (1906, p. 32), gives a population of 350 Eskimo in 1902. This village was the location of a Russian Orthodox Mission (sometimes called “Porkovskaya Mission”), established in 1851, the first in the interior of Alaska (Oswalt, 1963, p. 6). The designation “Russian Mission” supplanted the Eskimo name about 1900” (Orth, Idem, p. 822).
“Russian Mission(IqugmiutinCentral Yup'ik) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska. It was the location of the first fur trading post of the Russian-American Company in 1842. It was officially named Russian Mission after the sale of Russian American possessions to the United States. The sale of alcohol is prohibited. At the 2000 census the population was 296” (Wikipedia).
“Whymper arrived in Victoria in the autumn of 1862, and the following summer he travelled to the Cariboo district of British Columbia on what he described as “a sketching and pedestrian tour.” <…> After a second winter in Victoria, Whymper set out in March 1864 for Bute Inlet (B.C.), in order to publicize through his drawings the road that Alfred Penderell Waddington was attempting to build to the Cariboo. He dutifully gave good reports of the enterprise, but attracted more attention from his account of the background to the killing of workers on the project by Indians, which had occurred while he was leaving the region. <…> Soon after he arrived back in Victoria, Whymper applied for the position of artist on the Vancouver Island Exploring Expedition. Of wiry build, he accepted the rigours of an expedition which covered much of the southern part of the island. An exhibition of 33 of his drawings from the exploration was held in Victoria in November 1864.
In 1865 Whymper joined the Russian-American Telegraph project, which intended to construct a telegraph line linking the United States and Europe through British Columbia, Alaska, and Siberia. As its artist he went to Norton Sound (Alas.) during the summer and then crossed to Petropavlovsk (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Russia). Following a winter in San Francisco, he again set out for Petropavlovsk and subsequently travelled around the Gulf of Anadyr (Andadyrsky Zaliv, Russia). Near the end of October 1866 he crossed to Mikhailovski (St Michael) on Norton Sound, and after a winter at Nulato he ascended the Yukon River to Fort Yukon, where he received news of the successful laying of a transatlantic telegraph cable. On his return to Mikhailovski in August 1867 he was told of the abandonment of the Russian-American project” (Dictionary of Canadian Biography online).


16. [ALASKA]
[Album with over 270 Original Photographs, Real Photo and Colour Printed Postcards Taken during a U.S. Navy Radio Service Trip to Alaska and Showing Radio Stations in Cordova and Seward, Copper River and Northwestern Railway, Alaskan Railroad, and Others, Titled:] Pictures Taken on Trip to Alaska with U.S. Radio Service. Left Mare Island on U.S.S. Saturn – June 13th 1919. Left Seward, Alaska – Nov. 7th, 1919.

1919. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18,5x29,5 cm). Forty-seven black card stock leaves. Over 230 mounted gelatin silver prints from ca. 3,5x6 cm (1 ½ x 2 ¼ in) to ca. 16,5x26,5 cm (6 ½ x 10 ½ in), the majority ca. 6x10,5 cm (2 ¼ x 4 in); with about a dozen real photo postcards, and about thirty colour and black and white printed postcards (several loose ones inserted into a pocket at rear). Vast majority of images and postcards with white pencil captions on the mounts; the title written in white pencil on the first leaf. Original black faux leather album. Rubbed on extremities, several images removed from the album (with some apparently being placed in the pocket at rear), a couple of images mildly faded, otherwise a very good album of strong interesting photographs.
Interesting historically significant album of photos taken by a U.S. Naval engineer, a member of the service expedition to the U.S. Naval Radio stations in Cordova and Seward in Alaska, in summer-autumn of 1919. The party travelled to Alaska from the Mare Island naval base near San Francisco on board U.S.S. Saturn and at first worked on construction and renovations of the Mile 7 (Eyak) and Mile 14 (Hanscom) naval radio stations – parts of the Cordova Station located along the route of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway. After that the working party constructed cottages at the Naval Radio Station in Seward (Kenai Peninsula).
The album opens with a group portrait of the members of the “Radio Party at Childs Glacier” near Cordova, taken by a prominent Alaskan photographer and a resident of Cordova Eric A. Hegg (1867-1947, the photo is signed “Hegg photo” in the right lower corner).
Interesting images include series of views of the Cordova radio stations:
Eyak/Mile 7 station – several general views, including the flooded grounds (“Mile 7 station – flooded,” “bridge washout”), “mountains back of radio station”, “flume for domestic water at Mile 7”, “falls near Mile 7”, Lake Eyak, and others.
Hanscom/Mile 14 station – “work party at Mile 14”, “wood crib tower at Mile 14”, “Towers at Mile 14, 600 ft high”; a picture of the station taken from the top of one of the towers; several views of the construction (“Erecting double cottage”, construction of the roof, and others) and photos of the completed cottages; “Party at Mile 14”; engine and operation buildings; barrels of gas; “Gas drums at Mile 14”, and others.
Several photos show the Copper River and Northwestern Railroad: trestle bridge at Cordova, bridge at Childs Glacier (distant and close up views), rails “out of Cordova”, party at Mile 50, train at mile 50, party on a speeder, at the pump and others. There are also views of Cordova (1st street, wharf, Cordova Bay, group portrait of the party members “in front of Kenney Holdens in Cordova”), Mckinley Lake, Scott Glacier, Sheridan Glacier, glacier streams, and others.
The expedition to Seward opens with a large group portrait of the party members taken in the city; several photos show the naval radio station (general view of the grounds, closer view of the radio tower; different stages of construction dated 24th of September, and 1, 3rd, and 17th of October 1919); the other images show Seward (several views of the 1st street, dog farm), “Haymaking in Alaska”, copper mine in Latouche, cabins near Roosevelt Lake; wooden bridge near Seward; U.S.S. Saturn near Seward; party members “on board S.S. Northwestern to Seward”, and others. There are also interesting photos of the Alaska Railroad: “Engine # 2 - U.S. Govt. RR – Out of Seward”, a train 50 miles out of Seward, railway bridge on mile 3; “End of steel. Govt. R.R”, “The Joyriders, Woodrow” (group portrait of the radio party members and sailors on a railcar); trestle bridge near mile 51; a train near Mile 52 (Alaska Railroad), and others.
Among the portraits of the party members are the photos taken on board USS Saturn (including the “Black gang on Saturn”), photos showing the party members eating, hiking, doing laundry, “crossing glacier stream”, during a boxing match; several people are named (Lieut. Orton and Root; Stewey Campbell; Lieut. Orton on Saturn; “Old man Jordan and Tennessee”).
Real photo postcards show a part of Prince William Sound, Wreck of S.S. Olympia (12.10.10), winter scene in Cordova and Childs Glacier (by John E. Thwaites), Mariposa wreck, “U.S. Naval Radion Station Mile 7 C.R. & N.W. Ry” and views of Cordova (by C.F. Rosswog), “Seward Alaska. 1915. Terminal U.S. Govt. R.R.” Colour printed postcards show views of Seward, Petersburg, Treadwell Mines, Skagway, Juneau, Valdez, Muir Glacier, and others.
Overall a very interesting historically significant album from the early years of naval radio communication in Alaska.


ORTELIUS, A[braham] (1527-1598)
[Map of Western Hemisphere Titled:] Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio.

Antwerp, ca. 1571. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 36,5x50,5 cm (14 ½ x 20 in). Map cleaned and sized and with some expert minor repair to lower blank margin, remains of archival mounting tape on verso. Overall still a very good and attractive map.
This attractive ornamental map is an impression from the first of three copperplates, without the publisher's address, second state (of three) with the Azores correctly labelled. From one of the third Latin editions, 1571-73. "Ortelius depicts the discoveries of a number of people on this map, but the general shape of the continent is derived from Gerard Mercator's great twenty-one sheet world map of the previous year. The two of them had a close relationship and shared their knowledge openly with each other.., One of the main noticeable features of the map is the bulbous Chilean coastline; this was not corrected until his third plate. A strategically placed cartouche hides a complete lack of knowledge of the southern waters of the Pacific. Once through the Strait of Magellan the voyager's sea route took him on an almost direct course for the East Indies. No sight had been made of a large continent but conventional wisdom had it that there had to be as much land in the southern hemisphere as in the northern. This was not fully dispelled until the second voyage of the remarkable Captain James Cook in 1772-75. The west coast of North America is shown too far west, as was common at the time" (Burden 39). "This is one of the most famous maps of America and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The map features an exaggerated breadth of the North American continent, with a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego" (Old World Auctions); Broecke 9.2; Koeman III, 9000: 31A; Tooley, America S. 320; Wagner 80.


[Album of 174 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the Voyage of German Naval Officer Fritz Standke to the Iguazu Falls and Asuncion on a Streamer via the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay, Parana, and Paraguay Rivers with Stops in Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay].

1918. Oblong Folio (24,5x33 cm). 30 brown album leaves. With 174 original gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) and smaller, the smallest ones ca. 4,5x6,5 cm (2 x 2 ½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves most captioned in German in manuscript white ink and some with printed paper labels on mounts. Additionally included are two manuscript maps in white ink and mount mounted printed text describing details of the journey. Original blue patterned full cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting photographs in this very extensively annotated album include views of Argentina (Buenos Aires (Darsena Norte), Isla Martin Garcia with interior and exterior photos of barracks, Colon, Concordia, Posadas including a series of photographs documenting the harvest of Yerba Mate, San Ignacio including ruins of the old mission, riding through the Amazon Jungle; Uruguay (Paysandu, Salto); A series of over 70 photos of the Iguazu falls with hotel and surroundings; Paraguay (Asuncion (panorama and port); San Bernardino). Included in the photographs are two-part panoramas of Darsena Norte, Garganta del Diablo, Asuncion, San Bernadino, Iguazu Falls.


19. [ASIA - CHINA]
[Album of 206 Gelatin Silver Photographs of China Taken by a British Expat Showing Tsingtau (Qingdao), Kuling (Lianxi), Laushan (Laoshan), Hankow (Wuhan), Wuchang & Shanghai].

1907-1911. Oblong Folio (31x42 cm). 20 thick card stock album leaves. With 206 gelatin silver photographs, most ca. 12x17 cm (5x7 in) and slightly smaller, and with three panoramas (Kuling & Shanghai) ca. 8,5x30 cm (3 ½ x 12 in), mounted recto and verso, many with manuscript black ink captions in English on mounts. Original green full pebbled cloth album. Overall album is in very good condition with very good strong photos.
The interesting strong vernacular images in this album taken by an British expat show views in Tsingtau (Qingdao), Kuling (Lianxi), Laushan (Laoshan), Hankow (Wuhan), Wuchang & Shanghai.
"This album provides a record of a British expatriate's life and travels in China at the beginning of the twentieth century. The photographer would appear to have worked for a trading company in Hankow, part of present-day Wuhan. The album starts with images of Tsingtau (Qingdao) showing German-style residential and civic buildings, the Tsingtau races of 1907, views of a fire at the godowns of a European company (A.P. & Co.); these are followed by images of Europeans relaxing and bathing at Kuling in Jiangxi province and the Wuchang lakes plus a series of views of Laushan (Laoshan), the hilly area outside Qingdao. There are then 11 photographs of employees of A.P. & Co. Celebrating Christmas in Hankow in 1908.
A few photographs represent the expatriate resort of Kuling in 1909 and scenes on the Yangtze near Nanjing. Thereafter are all views of buildings, the river and boats taken in Hankow, followed by a number of photographs of people and places including a couple of the Shanghai races of 1911. The following photographs feature Chinese people, foreigners enjoying a river trip near Shanghai, then a lively series of photographs of races and an expatriate Gymkhana in Hankow in 1910, including ladies in full Edwardian dress and large hats engaged in a race, and a photograph of ladies in rickshaws ready to be pulled by expatriates (in a race?). These are followed by photographs of tennis, and 3 panorama-style photographs of Shanghai, including one just down river of Soochow Creek and a view of the creek. The final page ranges from Loochow Pagoda to Ichang, the Temple of Heaven in Beijing, Chinese execution and the Tientsin Fire bell. The album is of considerable merit in that the majority of the photographs are of places and scenes other than the more 'usual sights of Beijing and Shanghai" (Western Travellers in China).


20. [ASIA - CHINA]
DU HALDE, Jean Baptiste (1674-1743)
The General History of China. Containing a Geographical, Historical, Chronological, Political and Physical Description of the Empire of China, Chinese-Tartary, Corea and Thibet. Including an Exact and Particular Account of Their Customs, Manners, Ceremonies, Religion, Arts and Sciences.

London: John Watts, 1736. First English Edition. Octavo (ca. 20x13 cm) 4 vols. [xiv], 509; [xiv], 438; [xiv], 496; [xiv], 464 pp. With four engraved frontispieces, four folding maps, and fifteen other engraved plates (eleven folding). Handsome period brown gilt tooled full mottled calf. Some very mild wear to extremities but overall a near fine set in very original condition.
"Encyclopaedic survey of China, compiled from unpublished and printed works of 17 Jesuits. The maps by d'Anville were based on Jesuit surveys" (Lust 12). "Du Halde was commissioned to collect and publish letters by Jesuit missionaries from far-flung places, particularly China. The result was this highly regarded history of the Orient. Du Halde is credited with compiling the first definitive European work on the Chinese Empire. This work is also noted for the first published account of Vitus Bering's first expedition to Alaska in 1725-28" (Hill 498). This edition "supplied such a richness of Chinese lore as had never been accessible [before] in the English language" (Löwendahl 399); Cordier Sinica 49-50; Cox I, p. 335.


21. [ASIA - CHINA]
OKADA, Gyokuzan Yusho (1737-1812); OKA, Yugaku Bunki (1762-1833); & OHARA, Toya Minsei (1771-1840)
Morokoshi Meisho Zue [Description of Famous Places In China].

Osaka: Kawachiya Kichibei et al., Bunka 3 [1806]. First Edition. Quarto (ca. 26x18 cm). 6 vols. With ca. 250 woodcut views and maps, of which approx. 170 are double-page. Original publisher's orange wrappers each with printed paper title labels and housed in a later cloth slip case. Wrappers with some mild signs of wear, text with a couple of spots of very minor worming but overall in very good original condition with strong impressions of the woodcuts.
Rare important xylographically printed work which is extensively illustrated with about 250 woodcut views and maps, of which about 170 are double-page. The work contains double page maps of China and Korea including the provinces of the Qing Empire and a map of Peking. The woodcut illustrations include ones of famous landmarks such as the Forbidden City, the astronomical observatory of Peking (established by the Jesuits Johann Adam Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest), the Great Wall, topographical views including cities, towns and landscapes, palaces and members of the royal family, temples with religious ceremonies, Chinese costumes and customs, markets with merchants, military scenes and weapons, scientific and musical instruments etc. The text describes the sights and scenes shown by the woodcuts and the history, arts and literature of China” (Kerlen, Catalogue of the Pre-Meiji Japanese Books and Maps, 1077). “This work contains many city plans and maps of China provinces. The illustrations… depict mostly topographical views: natural, archaeological or sacred sites… and palaces, or historical and legendary scenes based on classical literature" (Western Travellers in China 54).


22. [ASIA - INDIA]
[EDGE, Sir John] (1841-1926)
[Album with over 120 Original Albumen Photographs from the Private Archive of the Chief Justice of the High Court in Allahabad (British India), Showing Hunting Camps in the North-Western Provinces and Kashmir, Agra, Srinagar, Nainital Hill Station, Skardu and Sind Valleys, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s Family and House in Allahabad, Portraits of the Viceroy of India, Lieutenant Governor of the North Western Provinces and other British India Officials, Members of the 60th Volunteer Rifles in Allahabad, and Others].

Ca. 1888-1894. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x39 cm). Thirty beige card stock leaves. Over 120 mounted albumen prints of various size, including over twenty large photos ca. 22x28 cm (8 ¾ x 11 in); the rest are from ca. 15,5x21 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 3x3 cm (1 ¼ x 1 ¼ in). Most photos with black ink captions on the mounts; three views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki Brothers signed and captioned in negative. Period brown half morocco album with cloth boards and gilt tooled borders on the spine; all edges gilt. Binding rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images mildly faded, minor water stain on the inner side of the back cover not affecting the images; overall a very good album.
Interesting album from the family archive of Sir John Edge, Chief Justice of the High Court of North Western Provinces of British India in Allahabad (1886-98), the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad (1887-93), a judicial member of the Council of India (1899-1908). “Holding office until 1898, Edge proved to be a capable leader of a court that included several other very talented judges. He also demonstrated considerable administrative skills, such as arranging for the codification of the court's rules and, between 1887-1893, serving as the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad. He also headed the famine relief committee set up in response to the 1896 famine in India” (Wikipedia).
The album gives a picturesque illustration to the life of Edge’s family in Allahabad and Himalayan hill stations, proving the opinion that “when chief justice of Allahabad he [Edge] was notably hospitable. He was proficient with rod, rifle, and gun, and was a keen alpinist” (Oxford DNB). Interesting photos include several group portraits of family and friends in backcountry hunting camps during Christmas seasons of 1888, 1889, 1890, and 1891, showing Edge, his daughters and guests posing with hunted tigers, deer, bears, and leopards (“Dad’s tiger”, “E[thel]. Edge. Shot Feb. 14th/90” – standing next to a dead tiger); mounted on elephants, on a “Lunch in the jungles south west of Saktirgarh”, and others.
There are also interesting original photos of the Public Works office in Simla, Srinagar and the banks of the Jhelum River, Nainital hill station showing the results of the landslip in 1880, Baramulla town with the bridge over the Jhelum River, “The Residency” in Kashmir, “C. Spedding’s Camp” in the Himalayan foothills, Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah or “Baby Taj” in Agra, portraits of local villagers, boatmen, and others. Sixteen views taken during Edge’s hiking trips in Baltistan (modern-day Pakistan) show Skardu Valley, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s camps, glaciers, “Pony road on left bank of Indus”, Sind Valley, Zoji La mountain pass, and others.
Several group portraits show the officers of the 60th Regiment of Foot, or the King’s Royal Rifle Corps which Edge was in command of in Allahabad, one photo featuring him in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. “He was an enthusiastic volunteer in the Inns of Court Rifles during his early days at the bar and later in India, where (as lieutenant-colonel) he commanded a battalion of the Allahabad rifle volunteers and was honorary aide-de-camp to the viceroy” (Oxford DNB). The album also houses a large group portrait of the graduates of the “School of Musketry, Deolali, Second Class, 1894”.
An interesting group portrait of British India officials and upper class residents was taken during the opening ceremony of the Dufferin bridge over the Ganges in Benares in 1888 (modern name: Malviya Bridge, Varanasi), and features: Lord Dufferin (Viceroy of British India in 1884-88), the Maharaja of Benares, Sir Donald Wallace (private secretary to Lord Dufferin in 1886-89), Sir Thomas Baker (military commander in Bengal in 1887-90), Sir Auckland Colvin (Lieutenant Governor of Indian North Western Provinces in 1887-92) with his wife and daughter, Sir John Edge (with his wife and daughter), Duke and Duchess of Montrose, and others. There are also group portraits from the wedding of Sir Auckland Colvin’s daughter in November 1891; a fancy ball on Christmas 1888, and others, many with detailed captions naming the people on photos (i.e. C. Spedding, R. Boothby, Strachey, Mr. Spankie, Miss Spedding, Mr. Malcomson).
The album houses a number of photos of Sir John Edge captioned as “Dad”, his wife Laura (nee Loughborough, 1848-1936) captioned as “Mother”, Edge’s daughters Ethel (1869-1934), Kathleen, and Helga (1885-1976), “Our House. Allahabad, 1889”, family horses and dogs, interiors of Edge’s residence; most likely the album was compiled or annotated by Edge’s son John (1873-96) who graduated from Cambridge and “was preparing for the Diplomatic Service when his health broke down, and the doctors sent him out to India”, where he died at the age of 23. (The Colonies & India, London, 12 September 1896, p. 16). The album opens with a large photo of Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company’s steamer Kaisar-i-Hind (I, 1878-1897), and five large views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki, probably acquired by John Edge on his way to India.
Overall a very interesting content rich album showing the life of the upper-class officials in British India.


23. [ASIA - INDIA]
GREENE, Captain Dominick Sarsfield, Royal Artillery (1826-1892)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of India and from the Homeward Voyage back to England].

Ca. 1857-8. Oblong Small Folio (ca. 25,5x32,5 cm). 12 beige album leaves. With ten watercolours, each ca. 17x25 cm (7x10 in) mounted on album leaves with original black ink captions mounted below. Five watercolours initialled "DSG" in pencil and four variously dated in 1858. Period style dark green gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with dark green cloth boards. Overall a very good collection of watercolours.
The series of sketches in this album was made by Captain Dominick Sarsfield Greene at the same time as his sketches which were later turned into lithographs for his "Views in India, from drawings taken during the Seapoy Mutiny," Thos. Maclean: London, 1859. The ten attractive watercolours include: Ghauts. Bombay. Sunset; The Caves of Elephanta, Bombay; Gibraltar Hill from Rawul Pindee, Sunset; The Jumna Musgid - Delhi; The Taj Agra; On the road to Constantia, 12.5.58; From Sandy Bay Ridge, St. Helena, 3.6.58; The Man's Head Rock - St. Vincent; Bird Island, St. Vincent, St Antonia in the distance, 20.6.58; The Harbour, St. Vincent, Cape Verde, 19.6.58. Provenance: Sir Alexander Moncrieff (1829-1906) and thence by descent.


24. [ASIA - INDIA]
MACLEOD, Sybil Constance & [MACLEOD, George Charles Sholto] (1877-1915)
[Extensive Private Archive of 29 Letters, Describing Her Life as an Upper Class Lady in British India, with Notes on the Viceroy of India, Lord Hardinge and an Attempt of Hardinge's Assassination, Planning of the Construction of New Delhi, Fort William in Calcutta, Delhi Fort and Chandni Chowk Market, Indian People and House Servants, Mixed Anglo-Indian Marriages, Military Parade in Dalhousie, Indian Mutiny, WW1, etc. One Letter Illustrated with a Photo View “from Dalhousie”; With: Four Photograph Portraits of Charles and Sybil Macleod, and Six Caricature Watercolour Portraits of Native Indians].

17 December 1911 - 2 September 1914. Mostly large Octavo (ca. 25x20,5 cm), with six smaller letters ca. 21x13,5 cm. In all over 250 pages of text. Brown and black ink on various wove paper. The photos: four loose gelatin silver prints (two mounted on card), from ca. 15x8 cm to ca. 28x17,5 cm (5 ¾ x 3 ¼ to ca. 11x7 in), with pencil and ink notes on versos. With six watercolour sketches on album paper, ca. 15x10 cm (6x4 in), all signed “G.E.M.” in the left lower corners. One letter clipped (some loss of text), fold marks, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good archive.
Extensive collection of fascinating content rich letters written by Sybil Constance Macleod, wife of George Charles Sholto Macleod, Captain of the 2nd Battalion, Black Watch Regiment (Royal Highlanders) during his service in British India. The letters provide thoughtful and smart notes on the upper-class life in Calcutta, Darjeeling, Dalhousie, and Delhi, following Charles’ service as an Adjutant in Fort William (Calcutta) and his later transfer as a Station Staff Officer in Dalhousie (Nov. 1912). Most letters were written from Calcutta (thirteen) and Dalhousie (ten), with a few from a summer house in Darjeeling and during a short stay in Delhi. The first letter was written in December 1911 on the way to India on board S.S. Plassy, near Gibraltar; the last one – in the end of September 1914, shortly before the author’s departure to England in the beginning of WW1; most letters are addressed to Sybil’s mother Amy Constantia Jeffreys (d. 1932); with two written to her sister and aunt.
The letters contain a lot of interesting notes on the British military and civil officials, Indian people and places, i.e. Lord Hardinge (Viceroy of India, 1910-1916); Sir William Henry Clark (the Member for Commerce and Industry of the Council of the Viceroy of India, 1910-1916); Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael (Governor of Bengal in 1912-1917); Sir Edwin Lutyens (the architect of New Delhi); Fort William in Calcutta; several sights of Delhi, including the Fort, Humayun’s Tomb, and Chandni Chowk market (with “most fascinating shops, jewellery, embroideries, china, silks, & all the things that most make you wish you had money to chuck away!”); a trip from Calcutta to Dalhousie by train (up to Pathankot) and from there by an “invalid tonga” cart; landscapes in Darjeeling; officer’s vacation bungalows in Barrackpore. There is also a lengthy description of the “bomb tragedy” – assassination attempt of Viceroy Lord Hardinge which happened in Delhi on 23 December 1912; notes on a session of the Council of the Viceroy which she attended in Calcutta in March 1912; the planning of New Delhi; Christmas celebrations and King’s Birthday Parade in Dalhousie, and others. The letters are full of descriptions of dinners, receptions, and parties (i.e. A ball of Lieut.-Gov. Of Bengal, garden party of “Maharajashiraja Bahadur of Burdwan”, Sergeants’ Ball, a party given “by a native in honour of his nephew’s wedding” with a description of a mansion with lots of copies of old masters and later European paintings, Dresden china, and others). There are also numerous society gossips, passages about her daughter Sheila, dresses and gowns, jewelry, various purchases, house servants and cooks, prices for groceries, local trees and flowers, weather, et al.
One of the letters is illustrated with an ink drawn portrait of a native clothes mender “neatly dressed in a coat of cheap broderie anglais, through the holes of which shone his brown skin; a rather fashionable narrow skirt comes about to his ankles… The only thing is, I generally have to arrange to give him my things to mend just as they’re going to the wash, as he may be seen crouching on the back verandah, holding one end of his work between his toes!” (25 Apr. 1912).
The portraits show Charles and Sybil Macleod in the 1900s and early 1910s, Charles – in the uniform of the Lancashire Fusiliers (served in 1900-1905) decorated with medals received after the Second Boer War, and as an officer of the Egyptian Army (served in 1906-1908); Sybil – in an elaborate gown of the early 1910s. Done with an obvious artistic talent, most likely by Charles’ father George Edmostone Macleod (1851-1910, civil service commissioner in Oudh and Assam in 1870-1890s), the caricatures show “Zubberdust Khan, Budmash;” “Mir Shah – Pathan Sepoy;” “Umbeeka Churun Bose, Bengalee Baboo;” “Hunooman Dass, Jogee” [Jogi]; “Ram Ruttun – Ryot;” and “Gowee Mull – Delhi Jeweller.”
Some excerpts from the letters:
[Fort William]: “This fort is really a very nice place, quite away from Calcutta, separated from the town by the Maidan, an enormous wide open space of grass, which gives one plenty of air and light <…> lots of Generals live inside here, including the Commander-in Chief, who has a charming garden & tennis courts. There are lots of nice grassy bits, edged with trees, where they can play football ect., a native bazar, a post office & two churches, - so it is like a little town right away from the rest” (8 Feb. 1912).
[Indian Mutiny]: “I think somehow the Mutiny which thrills me more than almost anything in history, is apt to make one lose sight of Delhi’s own ancient history, for a time. The church is the same one as in Mutiny days, only restored, of course, while in its gardens close by, you see the battered brass globe & cross that surmounted it then, with bullet holes in dozens of places, but still never absolutely destroyed. The statue of John Nicholson, and the memorials in the church, the battered Kashmir Gate and the bare and open Ridge, all help one to realize those awful times, and the absolutely desperate fighting” (4 Feb. 1913)
[Planning of the New Delhi site]: “I have met Mr. Lutyens & Capt. Swinton, the “New Delhi” architects, & they are all busy squabbling as to the respective merits of two sites. It seems they had to keep the original scheme in such profound secrecy that they couldn’t consult even an expert, or something would have leaked out. & then when the Queen graciously announced her wish to lay the foundation stones of New Delhi, they were rather staggered, as experts had already pronounced the ground entirely unsuitable: however, the stones were duly laid, & will I suppose be removed in the night some time, to the spot which is finally selected. Mr. Lutyens <…> is a queer person, always making would be comic remarks, but much nicer when he’s serious; while Capt. Swinton, who was once in the army, has a long beard, a beautiful strait Greek nose…” (4 Feb. 1913); “There is being much heart-burning & furiously divided opinion in Delhi as to the respective merits of two proposed sites for the new capital, & last Sunday we went to see Mr. Lutyens’ sketches & plans for the new Govt. House, Secretariat etc., which were perfectly charming & so deliciously done, just slight sketches with vivid touches of colour” (13 Feb. 1913).
[Lord Hardinge, Viceroy of India]: “They say he is so self-opinionated & won’t take advice from anyone, although of course he can’t know much about the country; & the new policy & change to Delhi, doesn’t seem popular either” (25 Jan. 1912); “there were a lot of people there, all entirely unenthusiastic & all heartily delighted to see the last of them. He has rather a bad manner, shy & a little stiff, & no small talk <…> There was no cheering & they drove off in dead silence. I wonder if the English papers noticed, what is thrilling everyone out here (the natives of course) – that as he was driving away, almost a vivid flash of lightning shattered the flag over Govt. House. I was really rather extraordinary, & of course to the people out here, the very worst of omens…” (farewell to the Viceroy in Calcutta, a letter from 28 Mar. 1912).
[Assassination attempt of Lord Hardinge on 23 December 1912]: “He seems to be very bad still, 6 weeks later, as it is now; & no one seems quite to know what the effects will really be. Though of course the drum of one ear is cracked, or broken, & I don’t suppose anything can be done to that; while at present the shock to his nerves & whole system seems to be tremendous. He would open the first Council meeting, but they had to drug him pretty heavily first, to present any possible emotionalism (not quite a word I fear!) as he had such a tremendous ovation on entering. Mrs. Clark was telling me Lady Hardinge’s own account of it, to her. It seems they didn’t hear the explosion – apparently you don’t if you are very near; but they were thrown forward on to the front of the Howdah, & she said to him, “Was it an earthquake?” – and he said “No, I’m afraid it was a bomb.” He had such faith in the Indian people, & that anarchy was dying out, that they say the shock of that has hurt him most terribly. He insisted they should go on, & it wasn’t till she looked back & saw the terribly mangled remains of the man who was holding the Sate umbrella over them, that she got the procession stopped. She spoke to the Viceroy, & just at that moment his face became perfectly grey, & he sort of convulsively crumpled up & fell forward unconscious…” (4 Feb. 1913).
[Sir William Henry Clark]: “He is one of 6 Council members who I suppose correspond more or less to the Cabinet at home, & are tremendous people out here, with salutes of 17 guns, deputations & addresses wherever they move, banquets, guards of honour, bands and garlands, to say nothing of special trains with private kitchens, bathrooms, & compartments for their entire staff of servants.” <…> (13 Feb. 1913).
[Indian people, servants, etc.]: “they know from long experience how white people like things done, & are a thousand times better than the ordinary little cook & house parlour maid of England or Ireland” (25 Jan. 1912); “…in Bengal [people] are the most mouldy little rats, with greasy heads, nearly always turban less, the average man is about the size of an English boy of 14, except when they’re enormously fat & oily, & quite disgusting. The women wear one dirty white drapery, & they all look seditious crow brutes, more like mice than men! But these Punjabies really are men, - great tall fine-looking creatures, all in turbans of every imaginable colour, with full white trousers & coats, & the look of a good fighting race…” (5 Nov. 1912); “all cooks in this country live to put spice in everything they touch, & Abdul Rashid is no exception. I have to wage war on nutmeg and cinnamon, but it creeps insidiously in upon the smallest provocation” (30 Dec. 1912); “We have been having terrible domestic scenes in the servants’ quarters, where the dishwasher & kitchen maid came & complained that the bearer had taken his wife from him! (he. The husband, always seemed to be beating her because she would stand outside the door & talk to other men!) Of course, the bearer indignantly denied it, - the dishwasher was under sentence to go already, & Charlie said they must be gone, bag & baggage, within an hour. He said his wife wouldn’t come with him, & then a terrible scene was enacted in front of the house, entirely for our benefit: he dragged her along the ground, she kicking & moaning, & thus they advanced about a yard at a time; till finding we were entirely unresponsive & only ordering them to go a little quicker, they picked themselves up & mournfully departed” (18 Jun. 1913).
[Mixed Anglo-Indian marriages]: “I must say it gave me rather a shock to see an obvious English girl, fair and rather pretty though second-rate looking dressed in a complete native dress; they say sometimes the daughters of houses in London that take in as lodgers these natives studying to be barristers or something, marry them and come out here to live, of course purely native fashion. Rather horrible I think, don’t you?” (27 Feb. 1912).
[King’s Birthday Parade, Dalhousie]: “The solid stodgy red lines of the Manchesters, Connaught Rangers & Lancashire Fusiliers marched past well knowing they were there to make an impression on the rows of dark faces huddled on the opposite hillside, in turbans & clothes of every most brilliant hue, who sat absolutely silent, watching while 3 cheers for the King, & salutes to the Flag, echoed & crackled round the hills & back again. They say there is a good deal of sedition & trouble going on under the surface – people holding disloyal meetings & warlike races like Sikhs trying to stir up the others; but no two of the many races in this enormous country would ever unite. I should imagine, - & we would never be caught so unprepared again as in the Mutiny days” (18 Jun. 1913).
[Reference to Rudyard Kipling]: “There is a “haunted bungalow” close by here, & it certainly has an air of great loneliness & mystery: masses of rock are lying tumbled about in the garden, & big beams that came down when the house was damaged in an earthquake. The house has been rebuilt, but is unlet now, & it is supposed to be the original of Kipling’s story about the man riding to see his love, on a stormy night when the rains had made the soil all loose – his horse bolted down the Khud, past the house, & he was never seen or heard of more, except that now people frequently hear him thundering past – Mrs. Carnegy, the General’s wife, vows and declares she has often heard it!” (20 May 1913).
[Description of a photo attached to the letter from May 20, 1913]: “I send you a photograph of the view from here, which may give you a sort of idea of the country, & the different layers, the nearer & lower slopes thick with rhododendrons, deodars & all sorts of trees, then only pines & gradually up to bare rock & the snows above all; Kashmir is over those mountains I believe.”
[Titanic wreck]: “Wasn’t the Titanic disaster perfectly haunting? I think worse that the shock of going down must have been the icy cold of the water, in which they couldn’t possibly live for more than a few minutes. We haven’t got the English papers account of it yet; but it ought really to make the builders of these luxurious & enormous liners pause & think a bit” (25 Apr. 1912).
[WW1]: “The Divisions from here seem to be going there, at present at any rate, & I suppose they may send farther reinforcements to guard oil fields in Persia, & keep an eye on Turkey. It is announced by Mahomedans out here that the Germans have tried their hardest to stir up the Turks, by representing that they lent them money in their need, while England didn’t help them& & of course if they succeeded in rousing the Turks, the Mahomedans of this country would almost certainly fo in with them, for the triumph of faith. Germans are supposed & I believe known, to have gone about stirring up trouble in the bazars, & many have now been deported to isolated places & guarded, like the Boer prisoners. They say a German either put, or bribed a native to put, this bomb in the Lahore fort, which would have been truly awful thing if it hadn’t been for the courage of a Capt. Rock, I think his name ism who, receiving a letter to say “Beware of fire tonight,” instantly thought of the Fort & rushed off there; seizing the bomb in his hand he fled outside with it ticking away, & flung it from him, but not before his arms & face were burnt” (2 Sept. 1914).
George Charles Sholto MacLeod (2nd Battalion, the Black Watch/ Royal Highlanders) was born at Sylhet, Assam on 28 June 1877. At the age of nineteen he joined the ranks of the army, in which he served for over three and a half years. He served during the South African War from 1899-1900 with the Royal Lancaster Regiment, with whom he gained the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (London Gazette 19 April 1901) ‘...for gallantry at Spion Kop, in the absence of stretcher bearers did good work in carrying wounded out of action under hot fire.’ He subsequently took part in the operations on Tugela Heights, where he was severely wounded. He received his commission in the Lancashire Fusiliers in May 1900, and was promoted Lieutenant in April 1901. In April 1905, he obtained special promotion to the Hampshire Regiment, as Captain, and in June 1908 was transferred to the Black Watch with the same rank. He served with the Egyptian Army from 1906 to 1908. Captain MacLeod died in hospital at Bethune, where he was taken after the action at Richebourg on 9 May 1915, suffering from shrapnel wounds. He had been wounded previously in France in November 1914. As well as the D.C.M. And Q.S.A. He is entitled to for his Boer War Service, he was also awarded the 1911 Coronation Medal. He married Sybil Constance Jeffreys on June 2, 1908, they had two children – Sheila (12 Nov. 1909-1986), and Neil (16 Feb. 1914 - ?).


AWAGIMARU, Hata (1764-1808)
[Extensively Illustrated Manuscript Titled:] Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)].

Ca. 1860. Oblong Folio (ca. 26,5x38 cm). 48 leaves. With thirty-seven vivid attractive ink and watercolour illustrations of the Ainu and their way of life and eleven pages of Japanese text in black ink, all on thin Japanese paper. Later beige patterned flexible card boards with brown cloth spine. With a centrefold and some minor edge wear of manuscript but overall the manuscript is in very good condition.
This is a late Edo/ early Meiji period A-version (expanded and updated) copy of Hata Awagimaru's Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)], which is the earliest work on the ethnology of the Ainu and was originally written in Kansei 12 [1800]. The manuscript starts with a description of the history of the Japanese feudal expansion into and then colonization of Hokkaido by the Matsumae clan. This clan was granted the settlement of Matsumae at the southern end of the Oshima Peninsula and was also given exclusive trading rights with the Ainu. Additionally the Matsumae clan had the role of Japan's northern border defenders and thus were the first Japanese to make contact with Russian traders in the eighteenth century. One of the first illustrations in this attractively illustrated manuscript is a strong watercolour portrait of the Kunashiri Ainu Chief "Ikorikayani," armed with his bow and sword. Next an Ainu woman is shown with a musical instrument, a jade necklace and a hand tattoo. The following series of captioned watercolours shows details of the hand tattoo, as well as another necklace and a bark skin jacket and includes further descriptions of Ainu dress. Then a seal is shown and the Ainu trade of seal meat for rice, clothes and tobacco is described. Ainu fishing, seal hunting and whaling including the boats and weapons they used as well as the Ainu method of curing seal meat are also illustrated and described. Then a series of illustrations shows Ainu manners, customs and ceremonies with a series of five illustrations of the Ainu Iomante ceremony with detailed descriptions of how a brown bear is ritually killed and sent off to the world of the gods and then how the Ainu villagers divide up and drink and eat the bear's blood and meat, presumably to gain its spirit and powers. Additionally, an Ainu house called a "Chise," with a bamboo grass leaf roof is shown with views of its exterior, interior and surrounding property being illustrated and described. An Ainu bow, arrow and quiver are also illustrated and described. As well as an Ainu musician and his instrument with an additional detailed view of the instrument by itself. Overall this is an extensively beautifully illustrated and historically important manuscript on Ainu ethnology.
Awagimaru's "Ezoto kikan (“Strange sights from Ezo Island”, 1800) endures as among the best ethnographic renditions of late eighteenth-century Ainu life" (Walker, Mamiya Rinzo and the Japanese exploration of Sakhalin Island: cartography and empire// Journal of Historical Geography, 2007, # 33, p. 289).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Otsu Incident (11 May 1891), an Assassination Attempt on the Russian Heir to the Throne, Nicholas Alexandrovich (Future Emperor Nicholas II) During his State Visit to Japan, Titled:] Rokoku Kotaishi Denka Goraiyu no Moyo Meiji 24 Nen 4 Gatsu-Gejun [The Visiting Report of His Royal Highness the Prince of Russia, Late April 1891].

Ca. 1891. Original manuscript in Japanese, ca. 13x16 cm (5 x 6 ¼ in), over 170 two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string; text written in black ink. With three newspaper clippings with the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and the two rickshaw drivers who saved his life, loosely inserted. Period ink stamps on the first leaf, some leaves cut out, occasional text corrections in black ink, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important Japanese manuscript report giving a detailed account of the Otsu Incident on the 11th of May (29th of April O.S.) 1891, when the Russian heir to the throne Nicholas Alexandrovich (future Russian Emperor Nicholas II, 1868-1918) was hit on his head with a sabre by Japanese policeman Tsuda Sanzo, while visiting Japan during his tour to the East. The Japanese government publicly apologized, and Japanese Emperor visited Nicholas Alexandrovich the next day after the attack. The wound quickly healed, and the Heir continued his tour to Vladivostok; The Russian government expressed its full satisfaction with the actions of the Japanese authorities, but there are some historical speculations, that the Otsu Incident could have influenced Nicholas II’s opinions and decisions before and during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05.
The manuscript consists of two chapters; the first one titled “Kosai jyo Kanji” (“Diplomatic Concern”, 16 leaves) starts with the arrival of the Russian Heir to Nagasaki on the 17th of April 1891 with three Russian ships, and briefly outlines the Otsu Incident. The second chapter is titled “Ro-Kotaishi Denka Gosonan Omimai no Moyo…” [The Report of the Accident involving the Russian Prince on May 11, 1891] and contains over 140 leaves. It includes a detailed description of the incident including the purpose of Nicholas Alexandrovich’s visit, his routes from Nagasaki to Kagoshima and Kobe to Kyoto, the background of the assailant Sanzo Tsuda, the events during the attack, the actions of two rickshaw drivers Jizaburo Mukaihata and Ichitaro Kitagaichi who captured Sanzo Tsuda, Japanese Emperor’s visit of the Heir, the report of the Russian Minister of the Imperial Household, the telegram from the Russian Emperor, the Rescript of the Japanese Emperor, the condition of Nicholas Alexandrovich, the character and conduct of the assailant, visits of the Russian residents in Japan, the closure of stock market, shops, schools etc.; the rumors of the Russian Prince leaving Japan early, the decision to send Japanese ambassadors to Russia, the interrogation of Sanzo Tsuda, the movement of Russian warships, telegrams to the Heir with condolences, et al. The manuscript is supplemented with three period Japanese newspaper clippings showing the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and two rickshaw drivers, loosely inserted. Overall a very interesting content rich original source on this important episode in Russian-Japanese relations.


UTAGAWA, Yoshikazu (active 1850-70)
[Coloured Oban Triptych 'Ukiyo-e' Woodblock Print of Foreigners Being Entertained at Gankiro Brothel in the Miyozaki Pleasure Quarter in Yokohama Titled:] Yokohama Miyozaki Kuruwa Gankiro Ijin Yuko no Zu.

1861. Three part coloured woodblock (each part with printed artist's name stamp), together ca. 37x76,5 cm (15x30 in). This woodblock print is in very good condition.
The print shows Caucasian and Chinese men enjoying food, sake and the company of Japanese geishas in the Gankiro brothel, also known as the house of fans, in the Miyozaki pleasure quarter of Yokohama.
"Miyozaki Yukaku," Miyozaki's red light district opened in November 1859 after a request by the Dutch ambassador to build brothels for the many single foreign men in Yokohama. There were 15 brothels in Miyozaki, and of these, Gankiro was the largest and most famous. Gankiro was divided into two sections, one for foreigners and one for Japanese customers and Japanese customers weren't allowed into the foreigner section and vice-versa. In his 1860 world tour journal, Richard Henry Dana jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" gave a contemporary description of Gankiro which to him "looked like a temple, it is so large and handsome, Within are parlors, reception rooms, dining rooms, a dancing hall, a theater etc, etc. The chief rooms were beautifully carved and elaborately painted. The chief artists of Yeddo contributed each a panel, for the walls and ceiling. Lacquered furniture and screens abound, and great neatness everywhere" (Guth, Longfellow's Tattoos p. 17).
This print is one of most famous works of Yoshikazu, who was a student of Kuniyoshi. Kuniyoshi had his own branch of the Utagawa school and was one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints. Yonemura, Yokohama Prints, p. 148; sdmart.org.


[Album of Fifty-Two Original Albumen Photographs Showing Roman Catholic Missions and Churches in Hakodate, Niigata and the Sado Island, Portraits of French Missionaries, Including the First Bishop of the Hakodate Diocese Alexandre Berlioz, Japanese Catechists, Girls from the Convent School, Panoramic Views of Hakodate and Ebisu Village on Sado Island, Street Views et al.]

Ca. 1890s. Oblong Folio (ca. 22,5x28,5 cm). Fifty card stock leaves. Fifty-two mounted albumen photos, the majority ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), one large image ca. 18x25 cm (7 x 9 ¾ in), one small is ca. 9x5,5 cm (3 ½ x 2 ¼ in). All photos with period ink captions in French on the mounts, several additionally dated in pencil under the ink captions. Period brown quarter morocco album with pebbled cloth boards and decorative endpapers. Front board partially detached from the front hinge, a few images mildly faded, but overall a very good album of strong images.
Interesting collection of unusual photos of Northern Japan, showing Hakodate, Sado Island and the town of Niigata (northwest coast of Honshu Island). Most likely taken by a French Roman Catholic missionary, the album includes original photos of the then recently formed Catholic Diocese of Hakodate (modern-day Diocese of Sendai) which was established in 1891 with father Alexandre Berlioz (1852-1929) as its first bishop. The Diocese’s territory covered Honshu Island north of Tokyo, the Island of Hokkaido and the Kurile Islands. The photographer most likely was a member Paris Foreign Missions Society (Société des Missions étrangères de Paris or M.E.P.), which oversaw Catholic parishes, monasteries and schools in Japan.
Over twenty photos show Sado Island, including rare early views of the Catholic church and mission in Ebisu (a part of Ryotsu town, now Sado city), which had been just recently constructed by a noted local missionary Olivier de Noailles (1858 - 1912 or 1923). The photos include panoramic views of the church taken from the distance and some close-up views, detailing the church yard, the presbytery and the church interior. Two portraits show father Olivier de Noailles - in Japanese costume, and in monk dress. There is also a portrait of a Japanese catechist from Ebisu with his family, views of Lake Kamo, Ebisu Bay and village, mission station taken from the distance, two street views, Umezu River near Ebisu, several views of the rocks near Aikawa town and its silver mines north of the island, and others. Four images of Niigata show the Roman Catholic mission with the convent and new school, interior of the church, the school building with the students and nuns in front, and Niigata Prefecture.
Over fifteen interesting photos show Hakodate - the seat of the head of the Diocese, including four panoramic views of Hakodate and harbor, views of the exterior and interior of the Hakodate Cathedral, Hakodate convent, the yard of the convent school, bishop’s house (“palaise episcopal”), portraits of Alexandre Berlioz, Roman Catholic priests in the Hakodate mission, young Christian girls in Hakodate, a missionary of the “Association de la Sainte Enfance” with a Japanese family in Hakodate, and others. The album also houses photos of Japanese temples, interior of a Japanese weaving house, a bridge in Yezo (Hokkaido Island), rocks near Hakodate, and others. Overall a very interesting unusual photo album.
“The Vicariate Apostolic of Hakodate, <…> comprises the six northern provinces of the island of Nippon, the island of Yezo, and the Kurile Islands, as well as the administration of the southern part of the island of Saghalin, which still belongs to the Diocese of Mohilev. It contains about 9,000,000 Japanese inhabitants, 17,000 of whom are Aino aborigines, the last representatives of the primitive population of the Japanese archipelago; they are confined to the Island of Yezo and the Kuriles. <…> The Vicariate Apostolic of Hakodate, created 17 April, 1891, was made a diocese on 15 June of the same year. It was confided to the missionaries of the Société des Missions Etrangères of Paris, who in 1891 numbered twelve and resided at six stations in the territory designated above. The undersigned [Alexandre Berlioz] was the first bishop. The staff is at present composed of twenty-four missionaries of the same society, one Japanese priest and seventeen regulars. The residences number twenty. As auxiliaries the mission has three communities of men and four of women: Trappists (1896), Friars Minor (1907), and Fathers of the Society of the Divine Word (1907); Sisters of St. Paul of Chartres (1891), the Reformed Cistercians (1898), the Sisters of Steyl (1908), and the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary. Christianity was widespread during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but the only vestiges now left of these earlier missions are a few religious objects, crosses, statuettes, medals, pictures, and images, secretly preserved in families or preserved in the treasuries of pagodas. The actual Catholics are exclusively neophytes, recruited for the most part before 1895, at which time it was still believed that Christianity was the sole basis of true civilization. At present the instruction of all classes is dominated by materialism, and pride of success blinds the Japanese intelligence; consequently conversions to Catholicism have become rare and difficult” (Berlioz, A. Diocese of Hakodate/ Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913, Vol. 7).


29. [ASIA - JAPAN]
Tsuzoku Igirisu Tangohen [Popular Dictionary of the English language].

Tokyo: Izumiya Hanbei, Meiji 4 [1871]. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. (ca. 18x12 cm). [1], 42, [3 ads]; (43-84), [2] leaves. With title plate to volume one. With red Mikaeshi (title and final leaf) and with red collector's stamp. Original publisher's yellow paper patterned block book binding. A couple of small minor red ink stains on back covers and in text, stitching of volume coming loose in one section but otherwise holding but overall a very good set in very original condition.
Rare thematically ordered dictionary which contains English words in Latin letters with their corresponding Japanese translation in Kanji. The themes include books and writing; describing the world; military terms; units of time; family members; parts of the body; verbs; adjectives; nouns; body parts and illness; parts of a house; food; trades and occupations; countries etc etc.


30. [ASIA - TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte” (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History), Berlin: Mittler & Sohn, 1906].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others"(Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).


BORNAS, Aug[ust?]
[Album of Ten Original Pen and Wash Sketches of Military Fortifications, Villages and Mountainous Views of Tonkin (North Vietnam) Taken by a Participant of the French Military Campaign on Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896)].

Ca. 1891 Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x29 cm). 12 leaves. With ten sketches in pen and wash on beige paper each ca. 13x21 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¼ in) and mounted on album leaves. All but one captioned in ink in the lower margins of the sketches, five signed “Aug. Bournas” in the lower corners (three additionally dated February or December 1891), one signed “Diesenhosen”(?) in the right lower corner Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with maroon cloth boards, Several drawings with very minor corner creases, but overall a very good album of sketches.
Interesting album of original drawings made by a participant of the French Pacification of Tonkin (1886-1896) - one Aug[ust?] Bornas who served in the column of Commandant Fournier (XI Legion) during the 1891 campaign. Tonkin (in the north-east of modern Vietnam) became a part of French Indochina in 1887, but it took French authorities almost ten years to completely subdue the region, especially its northern mountainous areas. These skillful sketches document the steady and painful advance of French troops into the hilly interior of rebellious Tonkin, showing small villages and French posts, barricades destroyed during the advance, mountains and valleys, streams et al. The drawings include:
1. A view of the bridge across the Tra Linh River dated February 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
2. A view of the barricade (made of bamboo) at Lung Giao, destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 27 March 1891.
3. A view of the barricade (made of bricks and bamboo) at Lung Kett, which closes the entrance to Thien Sang (view taken from inside), the barricade was destroyed by the column of Commandant Fournier on 3 April 1891.
4. A view of the Lung-Phai village with three watch towers, dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
5. A view of Dong Khe fort, facing west, with French tricolor waving above. Dated December 1891 and signed “Aug. Bournas”.
6. A view of the French post in the town of Ngan Son (Bắc Kạn Province, Northeastern Vietnam), with French tricolor waving above.
7. A view of the market in Tan Bon (on the route from Nam-Nang to Dong Khe, Northeastern Vietnam).
8. Camp in Nai Phung and the Pac Giai valley.
9. A view of the Lung Che circue taken from above, signed “Diesenhosen” (?).
10. Untitled drawing portraying French officers taking rest on a river bank (two are talking, one is cooking on a camp stove), with two Vietnamese boats landed on shore nearby.
“The Pacification of Tonkin (1886-96) was a slow and ultimately successful military and political campaign undertaken by the French Empire in the northern portion of Tonkin (modern-day north Vietnam) to re-establish order in the wake of the Sino-French War (August 1884 – April 1885), to entrench a French protectorate in Tonkin, and to suppress Vietnamese opposition to French rule” (Wikipedia).


SCHNELL, Edward (1834-1890) & TAKEDA, Kango
A Map of the World in Japanese by Ed. Schnell. Yokohama, February 1862 (Bankoku Kokaizu).

Yokohama, 1862. Original outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 88x156 cm (35x60,5 in). Folding map in original beige linen covers with printed pink paper title label on front cover. Some minor worming of blank margins, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Rare map with only three copies found in Worldcat. This large format map published by Edward Schnell is the corrected and updated second edition of the map published in 1858 by Kango Takeda, who had translated and redrawn the 1845 world map by John Purdy et al titled: "A New Chart of the World On Mercator's Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated & Recent Navigators." The original 1845 map had been owned and used by Admiral Yevfimy Putyatin on his ship Diana during his diplomatic mission to Japan which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855. However, the Diana sank in the Bay of Miyajima-mura after the powerful Ansei-Tōkai earthquake of 23 December 1854. Nevertheless, Putyatin's world map was saved and came into the hands of Kango Takeda, who translated it and produced a Japanese version of it in 1858. Then in 1862 Edward Schnell updated and corrected Takeda's 1858 map and published the present map. This world map on Mercator's projection, has several text boxes including a distance chart with distances from London shown to various destinations and a chronological list of the most important explorers. The routes of the voyages of major 18th and 19th century explorers such as Captain Cook's et al are also shown on the map.
"The publisher, Edward Schnell, was a Dutch-German arms dealer who lived in Japan in the 1860s. This was a period when Japan was gradually lifting restrictions on foreigners, encouraging trade and opening communication with the west. This map is one of the first Japanese maps to be based on the Mercator projection"(sl.nsw.gov.au). Edward Schnell "also served the Aizu domain as a military instructor and procurer of weapons"(Wikipedia). Edward Schnell, who in the 1850s had served in the Prussian Army and spoke Malay, traveled to Japan in around 1860 with his brother Henry following the enforced opening of Yokohama to foreign trade. In Japan, Edward took a Japanese wife Kawai Tsugonusuke, with whom he had a son.


33. [ASIA]
BLAEU, Willem Janszoon (1571-1638)
[Map of Asia Titled:] Asia Noviter Delineata.

Amsterdam, ca. 1635. Original hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 41x55,5 cm (16x22 in) with nine city plans and ten sets of figures in indigenous costumes in the decorative border. Latin text on verso. Map with original centrefold, light damp stain of upper blank margin, some minor creasing at centrefold, but overall a very good attractively hand coloured strong impression of this map.
Willem Blaeu was "appointed chart maker to the East India Company (VOC) in 1633" (Tooley Mapmakers A-D, p. 143). "This beautiful map first appeared in 1617 as an independent publication, and was subsequently included in various editions of Blaeu atlases until 1658" (Yeo, Mapping of Asia 24). "This is one of the most famous 17th century maps of the continent of Asia. It is surrounded in a beautiful carte-a-figures border and is richly ornamented with animals, sea monsters and sailing ships. The eastern coastline of Asia is severely truncated, Korea is shown as an island, and Japan is depicted on the Ortelius-Teixeira model. The Indian subcontinent is too narrow and the islands of Indonesia are very sketchy. A large island labeled Ceiram probably represents the western part of New Guinea. In the interior, the Caspian Sea is oriented on an east-west axis and there are several large erroneous lakes in China including the mythical Chiamay Lacus. The frieze across the top features vignettes of the cities of Candy, Calecut, Goa, Damascus, Jerusalem, Hormuz, Banten, Aden and Macao. The inclusion of Banten reflects the emergence of the Dutch as a major commercial power in the East Indies. The side panels flanking the map depict costumed figures of the various Asian peoples" (Old World Auctions); Van der Krogt (Vol. II), 8000:2; Walter, 25.


34. [ASIA]
PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca.1509-1583)
The Voyages and Adventures of Ferdinand Mendez Pinto... During his Travels for the Space of one and Twenty Years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a Great Part of the East-Indies..,

London: J. Macock, for Henry Herringhman, 1663. Second English Edition. Small Folio (ca. 30x20 cm). [xiv], 326 pp. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with brown gilt tooled title label. Recased and with some restoration of lower corner of front cover, title with small piece of blank upper margin of title page repaired, rear paste-down and final blank with some minor worming, but overall a very good copy in original condition.
Pinto was a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier" (Wikipedia). Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time" (Howgego P99). "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies" (Cox I, p. 324). "No work about Asia had greater impact on 17th century European literature than Pinto's account of his adventures in the East" (cf. Löwendahl 71, Second Spanish Edition).
"This work first published in Lisbon in 1614, recounts the journey of Fernando Mendes Pinto, the Portuguese adventurer, trader, envoy, pirate, missionary and mercenary, who set out in 1537 in a fleet commanded by Vasco da Gama's son, to seek his fortune. His twenty-one year odyssey carried him through many adventures: he was thirteen times a captive and sold into slavery seventeen times; he survived shipwrecks, and travelled, fought and traded in China, Tibet, Tartary, Pegu, India, Thailand, Ethiopia, Ormuz and points in between. He reached Japan in 1542 and claims to have been in the first party of Europeans to land there. This is probably the first book in European literature to tell of pirate battles on the seas of the Orient, to describe the wild beasts of the equatorial forests of Asia and to portray the Dalai Lama" (Sothebys); Cordier Japonica 40; Cordier Indosinica 113; Cordier Sinica 2069; Lust 346 (English first edition); Wing M1706.


[Album with 120 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Officers and Soldiers of the 23rd and 24th Battalions of the Australian Army on a Voyage to Egypt and Thence to Gallipoli on board HMAT “Euripides” in May 1915, Going through the Suez Canal and Disembarking in Alexandria; Also with Portraits of the Captain and Crew Members of the “Euripides”].

1915. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x29 cm). Twenty-four green card stock leaves. 120 mounted gelatin silver prints, from ca. 5x12 cm (2 x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 7,5x10 cm (2 ¾ x 3 ¾ in). All images with white pencil captions on the mounts. Original grey full cloth album with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front cover. Binding mildly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, a few images with mild silvering, but overall a very good album with bright sharp photos.
Historically interesting album with a detailed visual account of the transportation of the 23rd and 24th battalions of the Australian Army from Sydney to Alexandria in May-June 1915 on board His Majesty’s Australian Transport A14 “Euripides”. The album was compiled by a crew member and opens with a photo of the ship in Farm Cove, Sydney. There are four more views of Sydney harbor, and several photos taken in Melbourne (SS “Palermo” at the town pier, two views of the troops’ embarkation, “Euripides” leaving pier, and two views of the soldiers at the poop).
Over forty images taken on board HMAT “Euripides” include portraits of the officers and soldiers of the Australian Army: first commander of the 23rd battalion Lt. Colonel George Frederick Morton, Captain Macrae Stewart (Chaplain), Major Knox, Lieuts. Main and Hain; group portraits of the officers (23rd and 24th battalions), buglers (23rd battalion), machine gun squad (23rd battalion), sergeants; soldiers on the # 3 troop deck, in “No. 1. Hospital Poop”, during a “signaling lecture”, playing cards, chess or tug of war, boxing, training bayonet fighting and singlesticks; musicians of “the scratch band”, “pay day, 24th Battn.”, horses in stables on board, “The Band. 24th Battn.”, “Pipers & Drums, 23rd Battalion”, “Machine guns mounted for Canal”, “24th Band practice”; there are also portraits of the ship’s Captain Douglas, officers, engineers, a mate, a radio operator in the “Marconi room”, and sailors loading a gun on the deck.
Over forty images show the ship in Egypt: going through the Suez Canal (SS “Ulisses”, Red Cross SS Syria“, Canal entrance, “Highland Monarch”, views of the banks, entrance to Bitter Lakes, stations, French cruiser at Ismailia, El Kintara), in Port Said (HMAT “Euripides” in the port, native boats, Canal Offices, bumboats, De Lesseps monument) and Alexandria (six photos of the troops disembarking and loading to the trains; children on the Alexandria streets, water carrier, old irrigation well, and others). There are also images of the Colombo harbour, Malta (harbour, HMS “Albion”, troopship “Marquet”, French cruiser), Gibraltar and “disembarking convalescents” at Plymouth (“Euripides” arrived there in the end of June 1915). Overall an important album showing Australia’s contribution to the European theatre of the Great War.
“The 23rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. <…> [It was] raised in Victoria in March 1915 as part of the formation of the 2nd Division of the Australian Imperial Force(AIF). Its first commanding officer was Lieutenant Colonel George Morton. Together with the 21st, 22nd and 24th Battalions, it formed the 6th Brigade under the command of Colonel Richard Linton. Organized into four rifle companies, designated 'A' through to 'D', with a machine gun section in support, the Australian infantry battalion of the time had an authorized strength of 1,023 men of all ranks. After completing initial training at Broad meadows, in May 1915 the 23rd embarked upon the troopship Euripides bound for Egypt. They arrived in Alexandria on 11 June and after being moved by train to Cairo they marched to a camp at Heliopolis where they undertook further training in preparation for deployment to Gallipoli, where the units of the1st Division had landed on 25 April 1915” (Wikipedia).


[Album of Thirty-Six Early Albumen Photographs of Various Cities and Towns in the Australian State of Victoria Titled in Gilt on the Front Cover:] Photographic Views of Victoria.

Ca. 1880. Quarto (ca. 27x22,5 cm). Thirty-six stiff card leaves. With thirty-six mounted albumen photographs each ca. 16x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in). All captioned in pencil on mounts. With a presentation inscription on front free fly leaf: "A Souvenir of Victoria to Mrs. Rose from A. & S. Th . Melbourne, 4th of January 1882”. Period black decoratively gilt tooled full sheep album. Rebacked in style. A few photographs mildly faded but overall a very good collection of interesting early photographs.
The Victorian Gold Rush of the 1850s and 1860s led to a significant economic and population expansion in Victoria and the rivalry with New South Wales resulted in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880 which was the first official World's Fair in the Southern Hemisphere. This interesting collection of early photographs of the towns and cities in post gold rush Victoria documents the development of the state at that time and includes images of: the Melbourne International Exhibition; Interior Opening Day; West Melbourne from Exhibition Dome; Independent Church Collins St.; Sailor's Home Spencer St.; Bourke St. East; Melbourne Town Hall; Bourke St. West; Scot's Church Collins St.; New Eastern Market; Museum; St. Kilda's Road; Government House; Kew Lunatic Asylum from Studley Park; Punt - Simpson Road; Melbourne from South Yarra; Melbourne from the Domain; Mountain Tree Ferns Dandenung State Forest; Coranderrk Aboriginal Station; Lower Falls on Creek Scene; Moorabool River Railway Viaduct; Clunes; Ferns; Geelong Railway Station; Scene on the Yarra; Stawell Mining Township; Aqueduct over River Plenty; Ballarat Mines; Castlemaine; Geelong West; Echuca Punt; Castlemain State Quarries; Falls Lower Campaspe; Hesket; Bush Sawmills (near Stawell); River Scene (with presumably the photographer by the river bank).


[Interesting Autograph Letter Signed by the Wife of Pioneer Californian Gold Miner, Yates Ferguson, Written in the Early Days of the Gold Rush Town of Greenwood, Mentioning His Two Brothers, both Prominent Washington State Pioneers Emory Canda and Clark Ferguson, who were then Mining at the Slap-Jack Bar nearby; the Owners of the First Hotel in Greenwood Mr. & Mrs. Rosteen, and the Celebration of the Fourth of July in Greenwood; With: the Original Envelope Housing Californian Gold Dust Added to the Seal].

“With “the Merchant’s” Desk before me,” Greenwood Valley, Sat., June 30th, 1855. Large Octavo bifolium (ca. 26,5x21,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on bluish watermarked laid paper, with the envelope, addressed and stamped “Greenwood” and sealed with the addition of the Californian gold dust to the seal substance. Fold marks, a small hole on the second leaf after opening affecting three lines of text, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting early letter from the wife of a California Gold Rush pioneer to her sister, “Miss G.E. Wilson” from Katonah, Westchester county, N.Y. The letter mentions the author’s brothers-in-law Emory Canda Ferguson (1833-1911) and Clark Ferguson (1835-?), both gold miners in California and British Columbia, and Washington State pioneers, Emory Canda being known as the founder of Snohomish town. Both brothers were then mining at the Slap-Jack Bar in Greenwood Valley “on the American River’s Middle Fork on the north. <…> apparently a bridge was built there in 1853, destroyed in 1861, and so the name associated with this structure was retained in memory” (Owens, K.N. Gold Rush Saints: California Mormons and the Great Rush for Riches, University of Oklahoma Press, 2004, p. 273). There are also notes about Mr. and Mrs. Rosteens, the founders of the first hotel in Greenwood named “Buckeye Exchange,” Mrs. Rosteen being the third white woman in town, and the celebration of the 4th of July in Greenwood Valley. Overall an interesting document from the early days of the gold rush town of Greenwood and El Dorado county.
“Yates started for the City of Sac. On Wed. Last to attend the convention, from there he is to visit San Francisco in his business <…> Yesterday Mr. & Mrs. Rothsteen of the Buckeye Exchange took me and some others a short distance to see the sights and gather gooseberries, we got more that a pick. <…> Emory and Clark are at Slap-Jack Bar and expect to be there <…> 4th of July made the people very patriotic in this place. I was aroused on the eventful morn. By a great noise of firing of guns & pistols &c. Mr. Rothsteen our host gave a grand dinner gratis and in the evening there was a splendid dance. Several musicians added to the importance of the occasion. My lover being an expert dancer took this opportunity to display his skill to the great astonishment of the spectators who declared he put an extra steps since his return from the states. I must tell you he danced first with the best looking girl in the room, then with the best married woman in town. I was thoroughly convinced of his good taste in these chores… <…> Business is dull, will be till the rain season, the one most favourable to mining…”
“Greenwood is the name of a creek and a town on the American River’s Middle Fork in El Dorado County, five miles southwest of Georgetown. According to Erwin G. Gudde’s California Gold Camps, 145-46, the first discoveries at Greenwood were made in 1849. The town was named Lewisville when a post office was established there in 1851, but it became Greenwood again in 1852, by which time the settlement could boast a hotel, three stores, and a half-dozen cabins. Placer and quartz mining continued actively in the district through the 1930s” (Owens, K.N. Gold Rush Saints…, p. 271).


[Interesting Autograph Letter Signed by an Entrepreneur in the Recently Established New Town of San Diego, Describing the Early Days of What will Become Downtown San Diego].

San Diego, 2 April, 1851. Large Octavo bifolium (ca. 25x19,5 cm). 3 pp. Brown ink on bluish watermarked laid paper, addressed on verso of the second leaf. With a small note (ca. 12,5x19,5 cm) by Williams attached to the second leaf. Fold marks, paper slightly age toned, a small hole on the second leaf after opening not affecting the text, otherwise a very good letter.
Very early interesting letter by a pioneer settler of the New Town of San Diego, modern-day Down-Town San Diego. Established in 1849 on the shore of the San Diego Bay, the New Town was an attempt to replace the Old Town of San Diego, which was located near the Presidio Fort, too far from navigable water. Due to the lack of fresh water, financial difficulties, and opposition from the established settlements in Old Town and La Playa, the development of the New Town came to a stop in 1853 and didn’t restart until 1869. Williams’ letter contains interesting notes about his coal trade with steamers, an apparently unsuccessful enterprise on the construction of an artesian well in the town, social interactions with the Spanish inhabitants of the Old Town, and the discovery of gold deposits south of San Diego. It was difficult to predict that the sleepy village on the San Diego Bay will eventually turn into the eighth largest city in the United States.
“I am still here on the beach, living a very quiet life, there being little or no business doing, nobody seems to have any money and goods of all kinds are low, the only excitement being when a St[eame]r. arrives. Last week I was fortunate enough to catch a steamer short of coal & sold them 30 tons at $50.00 per ton – it is worth about $9.00 in San Francisco. The Artesian Well is down to the depth of 250 ft & no water yet. I am afraid it will prove a failure. It is a very expensive work, & even if water is obtained at 300 ft., will cost about $5000. If they ever get water, I hope to have the agency of the well. In regard to my prospects, I cannot say I am making much of anything at present, but I make a good, honest & respectable living – conduct myself I hope as I should do & am happier than I have been in California. I shall stop here certainly this summer, & I think in the fall, unless something profitable happens, will come home. I am very homesick & want to see you all very much.
I keep a horse & wagon & 3 or 4 times a week ride up to town, about 5 miles distant where Mr. Johnson resides & see the ladies. There is some excellent society here, but they are all Spanish, & as I don’t get a great deal of practice, I get along very slowly. You ask if I would like some papers. I always receive the latest N.Y. Herald per Str. – but would like occasionally, to have you send the latest Weekly Boston Journal for Cala. As I get them but seldom. About 60 miles to the southward of San Diego they have discovered some gold mines – I don’t know how rich they will turn out, but if they amount to much, will increase the trade here very much”.
As a comparison, here is a description of New San Diego as seen by John R. Bartlett, the US Boundary Commissioner for the US-Mexican Border in 1850-1853: “Three miles south of San Diego is another town near the shore of the bay, which was surveyed and plotted by Mr. Gray, U. S. Surveyor to the boundary commission, while on duty here... A large and fine wharf was built here at great expense; but there is no business to bring vessels here, except an occasional one with government stores. There is no water nearer than the San Diego River, three miles distant. Efforts indeed are being made to find it with an Artesian well; but with what success remains to be seen. There is no timber near, and wood has to be brought some eight or ten miles. Without wood, water, or arable land, this place can never rise to importance.” (Bartlett, J.R. Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua… Vol. II. New York, 1854, p. 97).


[Album of Twenty-Three Early Original Albumen Photographs of a Tourist's Voyage Around the Caribbean to Cuba, Jamaica & Saint Thomas (Danish West Indies)].

Jan 29th - Feb. 28th 1873. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm). 22 beige card stock album leaves. With twenty-three original albumen photographs, including 19 larger ones ca. 18,5x22 cm (7x9 in) to ca. 15x20 cm (6x8 in) and 4 smaller ones ca. 10x5,5 cm (3 ½ x 2 ½ in) mounted recto on the album leaves. Most photos captioned in manuscript brown ink on mounts. Additionally with twelve flower and plant samples found on the voyage mounted on the album leaves. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full diced morocco. Rebacked in style, but overall a very good album.
An interesting early tourist's venacular photo album of a voyage around the Caribbean including strong images of Havana: harbour, cathedral, panorama, Volante (hired carriage); Jamaica: Port Royal from Gallows Point - Kingston, Wesley Chapel - Kingston, Mico School, three images of coloured servants, Morant Court House - where S.W. Gordon was executed, Bog River, Bog Walk, Flat Bridge - Bog Walk, Middleton Market, lunatic asylum, village scene with cacti, Garden House; Saint Thomas: Monkland Coffee Estate, Cotton Tree, Upper Park Camp, Market Place, two-part panorama of Charlotte Amalie.


[Album with Eighty-Six Original Photographs of Two French Navy School Ships Including Views of Onboard Activities and Stops in Guadeloupe, Martinique, Malta, Portugal, Algeria, France and Belgium Titled:] Campagne d’Été (Aout 1885) à bord du Bougainville – École Navale, Manche-Anvers Campagne d’Application à bord de la frégate d’Iphigénie (5 Octobre 1886-30 Juillet 1887) – Atlantique-Méditerranée occidentale [Summer Voyage (August 1885) Aboard the Bougainville - Naval School, Manche-Antwerp Voyage aboard the Frigate Iphigénie (5 October 1886-30 July 1887) - Atlantic - Western Mediterranean].

Ca. 1885-1887. Large Folio album ca. 35,5x27,5 cm (14 x 10 ¾ in). 86 original photographs including 80 albumen prints and 6 cyanotypes, mounted on recto and/or verso 29 album leaves, including ten large photographs from ca. 23,5x17,5 cm (9 ¼ x 6 ¾ in) to ca. 27,5x23,5 cm (10 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), one photograph ca. 5,5x9 cm (2 x 3 ½ in) and the rest ca. 13,5x9,5 cm (5 ¼ x 3 ¾ in) to ca. 12x18,5 cm (4 ½ x 7 ¼ in). All captioned in period manuscript black ink on mount and/or in negative on the photograph. Period brown half sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album leaves slightly waved, covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs showing onboard activities, landscapes and port cities during the travels of two French Navy School ships. The majority of the album focuses on a voyage aboard the Iphigénie frigate from October 5th 1886 to July 30th 1887 around the Mediterranean sea and across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean. Two large photographs show a rare views of a equatorial line-crossing ceremony in November 1886 during which the crew dress up in costumes. Several photographs show landscapes of the Caribbean, including the Islands of the Saints, « La Grande Anse » and the Chameau Mountain in Guadeloupe, as well as the Madame river in Martinique. Additionally, there are two portraits of laundresses in Fort de France, Martinique. Eight photographs of Malta include a panorama of Valletta, views of the port, and streets in the Faubourg of Lisla. There are several images showing Portugal, including the Tower of Belem in Lisbon and eight views of the Pena Palace in Sintra. Photographs of Algeria include views of Alger and Mers-el-Kébir and two portraits of Moorish women. Also shown are several onboard exercises, such as firing the canon, and military exercices on land, such as landing exercises. The album also contains photographs of another Naval School ship’s voyage from Manche, France to Anvers, Belgium onboard the Bougainville in 1885. These include views of the Saint André Church and the Calvaire St Paul in Anvers as well as two destroyer stationed in the Brest port, the Terrible and the d’Estaing. Overall a historically interesting early album showing scenes of the voyages and activities of French Naval School ships in the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Caribbean.
List of Captioned Images:
Chaire de la cathédrale d’Anvers; Chaire de l’église de St André, Anvers; Anvers, Lot de la Bourse; Salle du Conseil – Palais des Grands Maîtres, Malte; Chef de Corporation par G. De Vos – Musée d’Anvers; Malte – Le Port, Polyphemus torpilleur anglais, lance torpilles sous l’eau- guille mobile; Le Christ de Léonard de Vinci, cathédrale d’Anvers; Malte – L’entrée du port; Le Christ de Rubens; Malte – Le Port; L’Intérieur de St André (Anvers); Calvaire St Paul (Anvers); L’Adoration de l’agneau de Van Dyck; Iphigénie au mouillage dans le port de Philippeville (Mai 1887); Tour de Belem – Lisbonne – Octobre 86; Faubourg de Belem (Lisbonne); Couvent des Hicronymites – Lisbonne; Château Royal de la Pena sur la Suerra Cintra (30 kil ouest de Lisbonne); Porte d’entrée du Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena; Château de la Pena porte d’entrée; Ruines du château des Maures sur un piton en face de la Pena; Autre vue de la Pena prise de la route qui y conduit; Cour intérieure de la Pena. À gauche, vue sur l’océan. A droite, porte d’entrée (diable); Château de la Pena, Porte donnant accès aux galeries qui conduisent à la porte principale (diable); La Pena; Blanchisseuse de Fort de France dans ses plus beaux atours; Maison particulière sur la savane à Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie, Passage à la baille pour le baptème; Paysages des environs de Fort de France; Arbre à Pain; Rivière Madame Fort de France; La fête du passage de la Ligne à bord de l’Iphigénie Novembre 1886. Le défilé du roi tropique et sa suite; Decembre 86 à Janvier 87 Deux Vues prises des flancs du chameau; Mouillage des Saintes (terre d’en haut), le bourg à droite, le fort Napoleon à gauche, le fort de la bête rouge au premier plan, l’Iphigénie; La terre d’en haut, Le Bourg, anse du fond curé au premier plan puis petite anse puis anse du bourg; Alger, Vue générale prise des jetées; Mauresque d’Alger – Aïcha; Le Bourg des Saintes; Vue Prise des flancs du Chameau, du bourg des Saintes et d’un ravin; Terrible, cuirasse d’escadre, canon du 42 eme; L’Iphigénie au mouillage des Saintes prise des bords de l’anse du bourg, porte sable à droite, porte à vache et paté à gauche; L’ilet à Cabrits, l’Iphigénie, les aspirants aux observations; Square sur le quai d’Ajaccio 13 Mai 1887; L’ilet à Cabrits; Montagne du Chameau aux pieds le fort de la tête rouge puis le pain de sucre, au dernier plan, la terre d’en bas; Exercice du canon de débarquement aux Saintes; Blanchisseuse du Fort de France; Exercices en terrains variés, compagnie de débarquement de l’Iphigénie aux Saintes, Montagne de Chameau au milieu au dernier plan; Formation contre la cavalerie; Ruines près de Quimperlé Juillet 1887; Appartements du 1er président à Alger Mai-Juin 1887; Exercices de débarquement aux Saintes; Dakar mi-Novembre 1886; Le bourg des saintes; La Grande Anse (Saintes) Tir du fusil; L’Iphigénie aux Saintes – Port Napoléon à droite; Ajaccio place Grandal; Statue d’Abattuci Ajaccio près du rivage, sortie de la ville en allant à Bastia; La Valette, Malte, fin de Mai 1887; 4e poste Babord, l’Iphigénie; 1er poste Babord; Champion, poste de guerre de Malte-Anse des Français; Strada Crocifixo (Malte); Strada Vittoria (Malte); Grotte de Napoléon à Ajaccio; Saintes-Escrime au Sabre; Galerie dans le palais des Grands Maître, Malte; Iphigénie à Malte- Anse des Français; Iphigénie, Gaillard d’arrière; Tir du canon de l’Iphigénie; Gaillard d’Avant, l’Iphigénie; Tir du canon revolver sur la dunette; Dunette de l’Iphigénie; Le Terrible en armement dans le port de Brest; Le d’Estaing en armement dans le port de Brest; Mers-el-Kébir 10-13 Juin 1887; Mers-el-Kébir Le Port, vue prise de la route d’Aïn el Turk; Tir du canon de 10 c/m Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie; Ecouvillonnez; Types Algériens, Femme Mauresque d’Oran; Dunette tribord prise de la grande hume; Gaillard d’avant de l’Iphigénie prise de la Grande Hume.


[Archive of Over Fifty Documents Relating to the Final Days of the British Schooner "Lima"].

1865. About 50 documents in about 75 pages. The documents in the archive are generally in very good condition, however the auction broadsides printed on poor paper though still readable have many chips and are in poor condition.
In October 1865, the 110 ton British merchant schooner “Lima” encountered heavy weather en route from New York and put into St. Thomas in the West Indies in a damaged condition. Ultimately the cargo was removed and sold, and the ship was condemned and the hull and fittings sold at auction for $764.14.This archive documents the schooner’s final days. It includes shipping manifests of the last cargo, surveys, an instrument of protest, pertinent invoices and bills, insurance forms, correspondence regarding the incident, shipping articles, crew list, and two auction broadsides for the sale of the hulk and fittings. Overall an interesting and unusual archive documenting mid 19th century commercial shipping in the Caribbean.


42. [EGYPT - NILE]
MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848: “The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848: “After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849: “We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849: “I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
5). On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849: “I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”


43. [GREECE]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Greece Titled:] Nova Graecia Secundum Omnes eius Regiones & Provincias Citra Ultra & Hellespontum.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "A graphic map of Greece and part of Turkey in the classic woodcut style focused on the Dardanelles (Hellespont), which separates Europe from Asia. The land is covered with mountain ranges, rivers and cities. Zacharakis, Christos #1579" (Old World Auctions).


44. [GREECE]
[Album of Forty-Seven Large Original Collotype Photographs Including Five Panoramas of Southern Greece, Titled:] Grece.

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio album ca. 27x37 cm (10 ¾ x 14 ½ in). 47 original Collotype photographs including 5 large panoramas ca. 21x56,5 cm (8 ¼ x 22 ¼ in) to 21x88,5 cm (8 ¼ x 34 ½ in) and 42 large photographs ca. 21,5x28 cm (8 ½ x 11 in), mounted on recto and/or verso of 24 stiff card leaves, each captioned, numbered and/or signed in negative by the studio or in print on back of photograph. Period dark brown gilt titled full morocco album. Album with some minor bumping at extremities but overall in very good condition with strong sharp photographs.
This album contains a series of large very sharp, strong photographs showing ancient and contemporary sights and views near the south coast of Greece, including Athens, Nafplio, Pirée, Corinth and Delphi. Twenty images show the Acropolis, including several views of the Parthenon, the amphitheater, the Temple of Zeus, and the Tower of Winds. Five images show sights in Athens, including two views of the city, the Greek Parliament, the current Historical Museum of Athens (Former parliamentary building) and the Hotel de la Grande-Bretagne (bought and restored after 1874 by Efstathios Lampsas). There is an interesting image showing a boat traversing the Corinth Canal which was only completed in 1893. There are also five photographs of ancient ruins at the Mycenae archeological site. The panoramic views in this album show Nafplio (“Neuplie”), Delphi, Pirée, the Olympia archeological site and Athens. Captioned Photographs: Panorama du Pirée; Panorama d’Athènes; Panorama d’Olympie en 3 pièces; Panorama de Neuplie; Vue générale de l’Ancienne Delphes.


45. [HAWAII]
WILLIAMS, J[ames] J. (1853–1926)
[Album of Fifty Original Albumen Photographs of Hawaii with an Emphasis on Honolulu and Hilo].

Honolulu, ca. 1881-91. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm). 25 thick card stock album leaves. With fifty original albumen photographs each ca. 19x23,5 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in), mounted recto and verso on mounts, some with captions and studio name in negative. Additionally with the studio stamp “J.J. Williams, no. 102 Fort Street, Honolulu, H.I.” on the front mount. Period style brown gilt tooled half morocco using original brown cloth boards. Album mounts mildly warped but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album of strong and interesting J.J. Williams studio photographs include views of the Royal Palace; King Street; Nuuanu Avenue; Diamond Head from Punch Row; Hawaiian style of riding; Honolulu harbour; Ave. Of Royal Palms - Berger's Res.; Bread Fruit tree; Banana tree; natives making Poi; Cocoanut grove - old plantation; Hula girls; Luao at Mr. C.A. Brown's Residence; Hawaiian Women; Beach at Hilo - Hawaii; Waianuenue Street Post Office - Hilo; Reflection at Cocoanut Island; Hilo- Hawaii; Cove View - Hilo - Hawaii; Reflections - Waipio Valley - Hawaii; fishing canoes - Waiakea River - Hilo; Rainbow Falls - Hilo - Hawaii; View in Country - Hilo; old trail to the volcano from Hilo - Hawaii; New road to the volcano; Dana Lake 1891; flow of 1881. Uncaptioned photos include: a Honolulu hotel; Honolulu city hall; Honolulu street scene; Road into the highlands; Hawaiians with outrigger canoe; plantation scenes; plantation residences including exterior and interior views; Hula girls with a guitar & ukuleles; flower market scene; boat launches at beach; cove in Hilo; Hawaiian climbing tree to harvest coconuts; Hawaiian vegetation; several views of a group climbing a volcano and looking into the crater once on top; lava flow.
"James J. Williams was an English-born photographer in the Kingdom of Hawaii. He worked for Menzies Dickson and then bought out Dickson's studio in 1882.., and changed the name to J. Williams & Company. He published a booklet Tourists’ Guide for the Hawaiian Islands in 1882, and took pictures for other early guidebooks. The studio and gallery were at 102 and 104 Fort Street in Honolulu.
Williams advertised "the only gallery in Honolulu which has a complete collection of island views... Also, a supply of Hawaiian and South Sea Island curiosities, ferns, shells, &c..," In 1888, during the reign of King Kalakaua, who was a frequent photographic subject of his, Williams founded the monthly tourist magazine Paradise of the Pacific with a royal charter from the king. He served as business manager with editor Frank Godfrey until 1893. Another popular portrait subject was Princess Kaʻiulani, and visitors such as Robert Louis Stevenson. He also took many landscape photos. Heavy equipment was often hauled up to erupting volcanoes Kilauea and Mauna Loa, and the Volcano House Hotel" (Wikipedia).


BARTLETT, William Henry (1809 -1854)
[Original Unsigned Watercolour With Faint Title in Pencil:] Petra.

30th October 1845. Watercolour ca. 23x36,5 cm (9 x 14 ½ in). Very faintly titled "Petra" in manuscript pencil on right bottom edge and with (later?) manuscript pencil notation "by W. H. Bartlett" on verso. Verso with a few signs of removal from old mount, outer upper left edge with a mild crease, a couple of small very mild water stains, but overall a very attractive watercolour.
This watercolour is from Bartlett's 1845 journey from Cairo to Mount Sinai and Petra. The watercolour is a slight variation of the engraving titled "Approach to Petra from Mount Hor," which was used as the title-vignette for Bartlett's book, "Forty Days in the Desert on the Track of the Israelites," London 1849, which describes his journey. The scene that Bartlett sketched is described in the book as: "I was hurrying along the rocky road towards Petra. From a solitary group of tombs, the outskirts of its vast necropolis, I obtained my first view of the rock bound city --- a broken down camel, one of a passing caravan, protesting against an insupportable load, which at the expense of his last remaining strength he had dragged up the long ascent, was a characteristic object in the foreground. (See title-page.) This narrow pass was probably guarded in the palmy days of Petra, and blocked up when an attack was expected. Hence begins a long descent by the side of a ravine, leading to the vacant site of the old city, of which one solitary column appears like the ghost of its past splendour, girdled round by rocks of the most rugged and fantastic outline, and pierced with innumerable excavations, their colouring, as it were, run mad with a blending of all hues. No idea can be given of the first impression of such a place, - its strangeness and remoteness, the utter desolation, the silence, broken only by the groans of the distressed, overburdened camels, and the fierce yells of their savage conductors." (p. 124). "Bartlett travelled widely in the Middle East, Europe and America, making hundreds of sketches for engravings in more than 40 books, 13 of which he wrote and illustrated himself. His popularity owed much to his architectural training which, when combined with his penchant for the picturesque and the sublime, guaranteed that the reader saw scenes he could recognize as charming, impressive and representational" (thecanadianencyclopedia.ca).


BRAIVE, Georges (1884-1963)
[Very Extensive Collection of over 1000 Original Photographs of the Military Operations, Fortifications, Landscapes, Settlements and Civilians of the Areas Covered in WW1 by the Macedonian Front taken by French Architect Georges Braive during his Service as a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient].

Ca. early 1917 – November 1918. Over 430 loose gelatin silver prints ca. 13x18 cm (5x7 in), including over one hundred with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on verso, vast majority with period pencil captions by Braive on verso. With four photo albums, each Oblong Octavo (ca. 18,5x20 cm (7 ¼ x 7 ¾ in) or slightly smaller), with ca. 600 smaller photos, each ca. 4x6,5 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), the majority are numbered in pencil, a large number are also captioned in pencil or ink on the mounts. Albums are green or maroon cloth, slightly rubbed on extremities, one album with the spine detached. A few images slightly faded, several with corner creases, but overall a very good collection in very good condition.
Very extensive historically important archive of over a thousand original photos (about half with captions on versos) giving an excellent visual account on the Macedonian front during the last phase of WW1. The photos were taken by Georges Braive, a Lieutenant Commandant of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” of the Armée d'Orient, and later an “architecte diplômé par le gouvernement (DPLG). The images show vast territories and numerous settlements on the border between modern Albania, Macedonia, and Greece, as well as Thessaloniki, Athens and several other locations. The locations in modern Greece include: Salonique (Thessaloniki, dated 1917), Florina (7/17), Kastoria (1917, 09/18), Rakovo (Kratero, Florina Region, 4/18), Smrdes (Krystallopigi, West Macedonia in Greece, 8-11/17, 2/18), Vodena (Edessa, 6/17, 4/18), Vambeli (Moschochori), Mount Kajmakchalan (9/18), Ostrovo (Arnissa, 6/17, 4/18), Negokani (Niki, 4/17), Sorovicevo (near Florina, 6/17), Pisoderi (3/17, 7/17), Route de Pisoderi (7/17), Vasilika (1917), Verria (Veria, 1917), Klestina (6/18), Thasos Island, Delphi, Corfu (all dated 1917). Locations in modern Macedonia: Monastir (Bitola, 1917, 6-7/18), Grod (6/17), Sveta Petka (6/18), Mont Seganska (6/18), Zivonja (4/17), Slivica (4-7/17), Rula (7/17), Orizari-Celtiksi (4/18), Trajko-Cesme (1/18), Greznica (7/17), Obstrina (1918), Ciabresh, Brod, Pogradec, Barmasi, and others. Locations in modern Albania include: Zelova (8/17, 2/18), Korytza (Korçë, 8/17, 3/18), Biklista (Bilisht, 7-9/17, 8-9/18), Kastoria (1917), Plajsa (Placë, 8/17), Kapistica (8/17), Trnovo (8-10/17), Congonj (Cangonj, 8/17), Zvezda (Zvezdë, 7/17), Borova (Borove, 9/18), Prodgorie (8/17), German, Laisica, Pustec, Zemlac (Zëmblak), Breznica, and others. The collection includes over 430 loose large photos and about 600 smaller images mounted in four albums; the smaller images are mostly copies of the larger ones, but also include additional original views and portraits.
Over a hundred photos (many with ink stamps “Section Photographique de l’Armée” on versos) depict various military operations and fortifications of the Macedonian front, soldiers and officers of the Armée d'Orient, refugees and scenes of destruction after bombardments or explosions. Interesting images include: gun batteries on the Acropolis (July 1917); three portraits of General Adolphe Guillaumat (1863-1940), taken in Thessaloniki while the Commander of the Allied Army of the Orient (served in December 1917 - June 1918), including a scene of him attending a parade, and a group portrait with Admiral Jean Merveilleux du Vignaux (1865-1930) and General Charles-Antoine Charpy (1869-1941); French floating plane in Thessaloniki harbor; a zeppelin under construction; night fire in Thessaloniki on the 18th August 1917 (the entire city center and overall 32 % of the city territory was destroyed); Christian and Muslim refugees staying in Thessaloniki churches and mosques, French troopship “Liamore” in Corfu, and others.
Scenes from the Macedonian front proper show encampments of the “Section sanitaire automobile 27” where Braive served (in Obstrina, Brod, and other places), a French medical officer looking into microscope, the Allied trenches and encampments on the front line with soldiers and officers posing to the camera (including African soldiers from the French Foreign Legion, soldiers going in an attack, portrait of a soldier living in a wheat basket, and others), a series of views of the roads and communications (including a cableway near Gnilés, Crna River valley), Red Cross nurses, a bridge exploded by the Bulgarian army on retreat, a review of Serbian soldiers by a general, graves of French soldiers, oxen-driven carts (some carrying wounded soldiers), truck convoys (with a series of photos showing cars stuck in mud and water, broken or burned), military boats being transported to Lake Ohrid (Macedonian-Albanian border), a crashed plane near Bilisht, military camel convoy, Bulgarian prisoners of war repairing the road, mules transporting munitions, Macedonian refugees going on roads laden with their belongings, burial of a local child killed in a bombing, and many others.
Other interesting images include over 60 photos of Thessaloniki, including city panoramas, views of streets and embankments (note: interesting views of the Venizelos street before and after the fire in August 1917), the White Tower, markets, churches, mosques, local people (vendors, passers-by, children, musicians, and others), two images of the ceremony of the immersion of the Cross in the Thessaloniki harbour featuring Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936), a prominent Greek politician and Prime Minister in 1910-20 and 1928-33, and many others. Among other views of Northern Greece are photos of town and village panoramas, streets, churches, markets (including portraits of French soldiers buying things from the locals), local peasants, priests, Romani people, a member of the Cretan guard of Eleftherios Venizelos (on a Florina market), a series of fifteen photos showing Easter celebration in Rakovo in April 1918 (now Kratero, near Florina); top of Mount Kajmakchalan showing the construction of the chapel commemorating Serbian victory over the Bulgarian troops in 1916; railway construction near Ostrovo (Arnissa); celebration of a Macedonian wedding in Klestina, and others. Interesting images of Macedonia include over twenty views of Monastir (now Bitola; show ruins after bombardment, Turkish arsenal, military barracks, Turkish cemetery and mosque, et al.), photos of a wedding and Easter celebrations in Obstrina, wedding celebration in Sveta Petka, various agricultural operations (i.e. Drying and beating of the corn), and others. Interesting photos of Albania show: road construction by women near Zelova, Albanian Komitadjis (rebels) in Korytza (Korçë), festive dancing in Brod, and others.
Overall a very interesting collection of military and ethnographic photographs of the Balkans during WWI.


MARTIN, Josiah (1843-1916)
[Album of Forty Original Albumen Photographs of New Zealand with an Emphasis on Auckland].

Ca. 1880. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x30 cm). 20 beige album leaves. With 40 mounted (recto and verso) albumen photos each ca. 15x20,5 cm (6x8 in). Each photo captioned in negative and with photographer blind stamp. Additionally captioned in manuscript pencil on mount. Period black gilt tooled half morocco with green pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked in style. Overall a very good album of strong interesting images.
The interesting images in this album by this pioneering New Zealand photographer show: Auckland Harbour (2x); Auckland Suburbs from the North Shore; Auckland from the North Shore; Albert Park Auckland (2x); Mount Eden Auckland; Auckland Free Library & Art Gallery; Parihaka; Wellington; The Bluff, Napier; Wanganui; Auckland; Napier; Sophia's Whare, Wairoa; McRae's Hall, Wairoa; Otuwhakakaireau, Wanganui River; Mount Terawera, after eruption; White Terrace Cups; White Terrace; Nikau Tree Ferns; Gt. Wairua Falls; Auckland Hospital from Cemetery Bridge; Lake Takapuna; Maoris Cooking Rotorua; Ohinemutu; Parekohoro Whakarewarewa; Whakarewarewa; Giant Kauri, North Wairoa; Kauri Forest Gum Diggers; Waitakerei Upper Falls, 330ft; Waitakerei Lower Fall; Great Nihotapu Fall; NZ Tree Ferns; Devil's Bridge, Waiotapu; Sulfur Terrace Waiotapu; Pohutu Whakarewarewa; Great Wairakei; Tarata Black Boiling Pools, Tikitere; The inferno, Tikitere.
Martin emigrated to New Zealand in the late 1860s where he at first founded a private academy and was the headmaster. His failing health forced him to resign and he then turned to photography. "In 1879, he traveled to London and was introduced to rapid 'instantaneous' photography at the Royal College of Chemistry. Once he returned to New Zealand, he opened a studio in Auckland. Martin became well known for his topographical and ethnological photographs. He often presented these at the Auckland Photographic Club.
In 1886, Martin was able to capture the eruption of Mt Tarawera on camera. These photographs were published in the Auckland Evening Star. Martin has also been published in the Auckland Weekly News, New Zealand Illustrated and exhibited photographs at the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford. In 1886, he was part of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition and was awarded a gold medal in 1889 for his work in the Exposition Coloniale in Paris" (Wikipedia).


WHEELER & SON; COOPER, Frederick Kingsford Jeken
[Album of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of an Early Attempt to Ascend Mount Cook from the Tasman Side Including a Large Panorama showing Mount Cook, Mount Tasman and Mount Haast from the Tasman Glacier].

1889. Oblong Folio (28,5x37 cm). 9 stiff beige album leaves. With eighteen original albumen photographs, seventeen ca. 17,5x22 cm (7x9 in) and one large folding composite panorama 16x104,5 cm (6 ½ x 41 ½ in). Most photographs captioned in the negative. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with pebbled cloth boards. Mounts and boards slightly warped and a few photographs mildly faded, but overall a very good album of interesting early mountaineering photographs.
Album of early photographs made on an 1889 expedition attempting the first ascent of Mount Cook from the Tasman side. Mount Cook was first successfully climbed on 25 December 1894 when New Zealanders Tom Fyfe, John Michael (Jack) Clarke and George Graham successfully reached the summit via the Hooker Valley and the north ridge. The large panorama in this album shows Mount Cook, Mount Tasman and Mount Haast from the Tasman Glacier; the other photographs show Mt. Cook & Hooker Glacier; Ice Ridge Mt. Cook; Mt. Cook; Coach Leaving Hermitage Showing Southern Spur of Mt. Cook; Green's 5th Camp; Mueller Glacier (2); Mt. Tasman; Ice Cave Tasman Glacier; Head Tasman Valley; Sebastopol from Old Moraine; Sealey Range, The Hermitage; Mt. Sefton & Source of Mueller River; Crossing river by cable car; Lake Tekafo; two others with faded captions. The studio of Edmund Wheeler and his son Edmund Richard Wheeler was established in Christchurch in January 1864. The 1889 expedition documented in this album was reported upon in the Press (Christchurch) newspaper:
"A party of gentlemen have resolved to attempt the ascent of Mount Cook from the Tasman side. This party will be accompanied by a photographer (Frederick Kingsford Jeken Cooper) on behalf of Messrs Wheeler and Sons. We hope that the party may meet with the success they deserve. Should they do so the public will, owing to Messrs Wheeler and Sons' enterprise, have an opportunity of obtaining an accurate idea of what the Mount Cook scenery is like..,The party, consisting of Messrs Dixon, Johnson and Mannering, Mr Cooper (an operator from Messrs Wheeler and Sons), photographers, and two men engaged in swagging, left the Hermitage on 25th March, and after being detained at the terminal face of the Tasman glacier for a day by bad weather, reached the Ball Glacier Camp (Green's fifth camp) on March 27th. The first few days were spent in photographic work on the Tasman Glacier, the party camping two nights under Mount Malte Brun. From this point Messrs Dixon, Johnson, and Mannering attempted an ascent of Mount de la Beche, but were forced to return, owing to some difficult work on ice covered rocks being met with at an altitude of 8000 ft. On the downward trip Mr Dixon was taken ill, and some difficulty was experienced in reaching camp.
A return was made to the Ball Glacier camp on the 31st. Mr Mannering and the photographer ascended to 7000 ft on the Ball Glacier spur of Mount Cook, from whence a fine exposure of the peak secured. Mr Mannering pressing on, reached the peak of the Mount Cook range which this spur leads up to — some 7420 ft in height — and from which grand views of each side of the range are obtained. Darkness coming on, camp was only made by 10.30 p.m. After great difficulty. Some days of rest followed, during which Messrs Johnson and Mannering explored a new route on the mountain (which it is believed will ultimately prove practicable) to a height of 6300ft. On 4th April, one of the swagging hands coming up with supplies, with him Messrs Johnson and Mannering started for an ascent of the Hochstetter dome, camping the first night under Mount de la Beche. The ascent from this point was accomplished after much negotiating of crevasses and bergschrunds, and cutting steps up difficult ice slopes, in eight hours, the views en route being described as wonderfully magnificent.
From the summit the panorama beggars all description. The Wataroa River could be traced from source to mouth, meandering through forest-clad mountains to the sea, and to the northward and eastward hundreds of peaks of all descriptions flanked by as many glaciers, combined to make the scene one of the grandest panoramas. The descent was accomplished in four hours, the last hour being spent in a maze of crevasses in the turn of the glacier in a fast failing light, the party having been twelve hours on the rope without setting foot on a rock. Von Lendenfeld's time for the mountain was, we are informed, twenty seven hours.
Owing to an accident to the kerosene lamp, and Mr Dixon's uncertain state of health, it was deemed prudent to abandon the attempt on Mount Cook, although the mountain was apparently in fine order, and the route had been carefully noted from various points of vantage. A return to the Hermitage was effected on April 6th" (Press, Volume XLVI, Issue 7266, 23 March 1889, Page 4 & Press, Volume XLVI, Issue 7288, 18 April 1889, Page 5 from canterburyphotography.blogspot.ca).


[Interesting Autograph Letter Written by R.B. Guyles, an Emigrant to the Oregon City Talking about His Experience in the City, Plans to go to the Walla Walla Mines, Local Climate etc.].

Oregon City, 25 June 1850. Large Octavo (ca. 25x19,5 cm). A bifolium, written on two pages and addressed on the fourth page. Dark brown ink on bluish wove paper. Original fold marks, minor holes on folds, paper with mild stains, remnants of the original seal on the last page; overall the letter is written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
Interesting letter written by R.B. Guyles, a emigrant to the Oregon Territory, originally from Ira, Cayuga County (New York) to his compatriot Daniel Pierce. Guyles sailed to the Oregon Territory on steamer “Massachusetts,” via Rio de Janeiro, landed at the Strait of Magellan, “but soon came on board again for the Indians was very barbarious;” called at Valparaiso, and the Sandwich Islands. He landed at Fort Vancouver on the 15th of May 1849. “I have worked very hard since I have come here and I think in a short time I shall be able to come back again with a good sum of money. Everything is very dear, but wages are large, most any kind of a machine can make from 1 to 20 dolls a day, and labours from 12 to 15 dolls a day, a man can make money at any thing he is a mind to go at. I think in the corse [sic!] of 2 or 3 months that I shall go to the mines in Walawalla O.T., but I want to hear a little more about it first. The mines are very unhealthy in California or else I should have gone there &c. This is a very healthy country here, the summers are cold here and the winters are mild, scarcely any snow is seen in any season of the year. Horses and cattle live on the green grass all winter, some winters there has not been any snow seen…”


[Album of Fifty-Three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by a Crew Member from one of the Last Pacific Voyages of SMS Gneisenau to German Samoa and German New Guinea with a stop in Vietnam].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Folio (28x37 cm). 25 stiff beige album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver mounted photographs ca. 16,5x21,5 cm (6 ½ x 9 ½ in) and slightly smaller, the majority ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in). Images mounted recto and verso of album leaves. Original black lacquered album with black gilt tooled sheep spine and pictorial image on front cover. Album with mild wear at extremities and with a minor chip of lacquer on front cover, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
Album of interesting photos of German Samoa, German New Guinea and a stop in Vietnam on one of the last voyages of the SMS Gneisenau with photos of the ship (onboard views, group photos of sailors, line crossing ceremony, natives coming aboard); German Samoa (topless girls, chief and wives, noble ladies, group photos of natives, native dwellings); Vietnam (Opium den, local women, street view with German sailors in a horse drawn cart, a mill, interior views of a temple); German New Guinea (outrigger canoes with natives, warriors, native soldiers, ceremonial dance with natives in head dress, group photos of natives), etc..,
The "SMS Gneisenau was a Bismarck-class corvette built for the German Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) in the late 1870s. The ship was named after the Prussian Field Marshal August von Gneisenau. Gneisenau served in the training of officer candidates, for which the ship undertook numerous voyages abroad. An incident of desertion by a crew member is alleged to have occurred in 1885 at Sydney. On 16 December 1900 the ship sank in a storm near the harbor of Málaga, Spain, after grounding at the harbor mole because a failure of the propulsion machinery. Forty crew members perished, including the captain and first officer" (Wikipedia).


[CHRISTIAN, Robert R.]
[Extensive Private Journal kept aboard the Sloop of War USS Vincennes during its Service in the Pacific Squadron in 1849-1852, with Interesting Notes on San Francisco and Alta California during the Gold Rush, Puget Sound, Hawaii, Easter Island, Paita, Guayaquil, Rio de Janeiro, and Other Places].

12 October 1849 - 31 August 1852. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 46 leaves (5 blank). Brown ink on beige wove paper (last leaf with text written in pencil). Names of “Robert R. Christian” and “W.L. Christian” written in ink on the first leaf. Hardcover bound in old sail cloth (probably original sail from the Vincennes), new endpapers. First few leaves with some expertly repaired tears and edge wear (minor chipping with a few spots of very minor loss), some mild water staining of text in places with some mild fading but text still legible, sail cloth with some old stains; overall in very good condition.
Historically significant extensive naval journal kept by a crewman of the famous USS Vincennes during its service in the US Pacific Squadron in 1849-1852, which gives an important unofficial account of the events. USS Vincennes became the first US naval ship to sail around the world in 1826-30, and then Charles Wilkes’ flagship during the United States Exploring Expedition of 1838-42. The voyage documented in the journal was undertaken under command of Captain William L. Hudson (second-in-command during Wilkes’ expedition) and aimed to foster American influence in the Pacific, especially in the territories which the United States had recently acquired on the Pacific coast of Alta California and the Territory of Oregon. USS Vincennes departed New York at the end of October 1849, stopped at Rio de Janeiro, rounded the Cape Horn, and then cruised up and down the west coast of South and North Americas, anchoring at Valparaiso, Talcahuano, Coquimbo (Chile); Callao and Paita (Peru); Guayaquil (Ecuador), Acapulco (Mexico), Sausalito, San Francisco, Monterey, San Diego, and Santa Barbara; made a side trip to Hawaii in November 1851 – January 1852; visited Puget Sound (then the Oregon Territory of the US) in February 1852, and returned to New York via San Francisco and Easter Island (visited in June 1852).
The journal was apparently kept by Robert R. Christian, presumably a crew member, whose signature appears on the first leaf, but his position aboard is uncertain, since his name does not appear in the listing of officers, passengers, and specialists (carpenter, surgeons, etc.) with which he begins his journal. The author thoroughly documents the main events of the shipboard life, including numerous naval exercises, visits of naval commanders and government officials, receptions and balls given on board, relations with the other ships of the Pacific Squadron (USS Savannah, USS Massachusetts, and in particular USS “Vandalia” which took part in several drills with USS “Vincennes”), incidents, desertions and punishments, “liberty” leaves of the crew members et al.; there are also interesting descriptions of the ports, cities and places visited, some with amusing details, and notes of the weather and sailing directions.
Some excerpts from the journal:
San Francisco during the Gold Rush: "there are hundreds without employment notwithstanding, so that even El Dorado has its inconveniences; the largest fortunes here are made by the gambling houses" (14 Sept. 1850). “San Francisco partly burnt down” (17 Sept); "The elite of San Francisco... Have a sickly look about them, and their <…> “head gear” would positively horrify a “New York” or “New England” exquisite;" the common folk "are the raggedest of the ragged, lousiest of the lousy" (5 Oct). San Francisco's wealth was in evidence, though, when he noted "we have $300,000 in gold dust aboard" (10 Oct). A visit of “Commodore Sloat” (John D. Sloat, Commander of the Pacific Squadron in 1844-46 and first military Governor of California in 1846), who was “78 years old, very hale and hearty, a strict martinet” (29 April 1852). Death of the ship’s surgeon: “May 1. A shore boat with Dr. E.S. Rutter came alongside under sail and the Doctor in getting out (the shore boat immediately shoving off) missed the lower step and, although assisted by the Quartermaster at the water, fell overboard. The dingy and Gig were immediately lowered, and sent after him, but could not save him. May 2 $ 100 spent on the recovery of the body of Dr. Rutter” (1852).
“Sausalito consists of about 30 wooden frame houses built in New York, and is surrounded by abrupt steep hills covered with cattle” (22 Aug 1850). “Monterey is beautifully situated in a fertile country and forms a crescent. There are about 200 houses, a Church, a fort with a Company of US troops, and an old deserted naval store house. About ½ of the houses are empty, the owners having gone to the diggings” (19 Oct. 1851). “San Diego is a military station, 2 companies of U.S. Infantry are stationed here in tents. St. D. Is close to the Mexican frontier; <…> succeeded after a great deal of difficulty in anchoring at the new town of San Diego near a large wharf which costed $150,000” (3-4 Nov. 1851).
A visit to the Puget Sound (Feb. 1852) in the newly acquired Territory of Oregon with anchorings in Port Townsend, Vashon Island, Fort Nisqually, Bainbridge Island et al., and reaching as far as Anderson’s Island where the carpenter chopped some wood (14 Feb). “An Indian chief called “Lord Jem” [?] came aboard as pilot” (4 Feb.); in Port Townsend they were visited by "several male and female Indians of the “Clannan” tribe... The Indians on board were detected in the act of stealing the buttons off our coats" (5 and 7 Feb). “A party of officers and men sent to look after Lieut. Wilkinson who got lost in the woods yesterday, he was discovered at 11 am in an exhausted state and brought on board” (8 Feb), “King George and his tribe visit the ship in their war canoe, hoisted out lunch” (16 Feb), “at 8 fired a salute of 17 guns, in honor of Washington’s birthday” (23 Feb).
Hawaii (28 Nov 1851 – 19 Jan 1852): the ship was visited by British Consul General (2 Dec), Luther Severance (U.S. Commissioner in Hawaii, 1850-53) and “Mr. Allen, U.S. Consul” (6 Dec), the Governor of Oahu (8 Dec), “Dr. Judge” [Gerrite Permele Judd, Hawaiian Minister of Finance in 1842-49, 1850-53] (23 Dec), “King Kamehameha <…> in his yacht” (26 Dec), Robert C. Wyllie (Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1845-65); “Grand dinner on board Vincennes and a ball on board the Vandalia besides theatrical. Kamehameha 3rd, Gen. Miller and U.S. Commissioner were present. The King’s band was in attendance” (31 Dec.), “John Young, Premier of His Hawaiian Majesty” (3 Jan), “A missionary with a number of male and female Cannaccas from the Eastern end of the island visited the ship. They inspected the ship minutely and sang a number of hymns” (14 Jan).
Easter Island: "five of the natives of the island swam off to the ship, 4 men and 1 woman, the men were entirely naked, the woman had about her loins a few twigs secured by a string. These people were well formed and active. They came on board with the greatest confidence and traded their yams for old clothes, showing their gratification at their bargains in loud cries" (14 June 1852).
Rio de Janeiro: "all our officers went ashore and got gloriously drunk" (28 Jan. 1850), “There are about 3000 troops in this city. Their uniforms are very rich, but they get no pay and enlist for 6 years” (4 Feb. 1850).
Execution near Guayaquil: "Two Ecuadorians (mulattoes) shot near the sawmill. The firing party stood three paces from the criminals. The poor wretches were butchered in a horrid manner, characteristic of this people who are very sanguinary and bloodthirsty" (23 June 1850).
Paita (Peru): “The liquor they brag so much about called “Italia” and “Pisco” would poison a Comanche Indian… The natives are the most notorious thieves on the coast and are very expert in cutting off monk bags and robbing men of their hats, jackets and shores. There are 2 or 3 white whores in this town and the price they set on their charms varies from 3 to 5 dollars a night" (20 February 1851).
Mount Cotopaxi eruption: “The volcano of Cotopaxi distant 150 miles from this place [Guayaquil] is in full eruption. The sound distinctly heard onboard” (11 March 1851).
Desertions, incidents: "extraordinary rumors about California. Two seamen who had been breeding a disturbance on board an American merchantman were brought on board and put in the brig in double irons" (Valparaiso, 16 April 1850). 22 men deserted that month, listed by Christian on 21 April, including "Dorsay, nigga;" the Vincennes "had considerable difficulty in getting up anchor on account of having lost so many men" (23 April 1850); “the Captain spliced the main brace both today and yesterday” (23 May 1850); “a marine of the name of Stuart during a fit of the horrors jumped overboard whilst at the grog tub” (28 May 1850); “Musquitos of enormous size annoy the life of every body” (10 June 1850).
The diary concludes with a long and apparently unpublished song about the USS Vincennes, beginning "Come all you bold seamen wherever you be / I pray give attention and listen to me…"
The “USS Vincennes” was a 703-ton sloop of war, launched in 1826 and not finally decommissioned until the end of the Civil War. From 1838-1842 she served as Charles Wilkes’ flagship on the US Exploring Expedition (1838-42). “Recommissioned on 12 November 1849, she sailed from New York exactly one month later, bound for Cape Horn and the west coast of South America. On 2 July 1850, while lying off Guayaquil, Ecuador, she harbored the Ecuadoran revolutionary General Elizalde for three days during one of that country's frequent civil disturbances. Sailing on to San Francisco, the vessel lost 36 members of her crew to the gold fever sweeping California at the time. Turning south, Vincennes cruised off South America until late 1851, closely monitoring the activities of revolutionaries ashore. She made a courtesy call to the Hawaiian Islands at the end of the year and proceeded thence to Puget Sound where she arrived on 2 February 1852. She anchored briefly there and returned via San Francisco and the Horn to New York where she arrived on 21 September and was decommissioned on the 24th” (Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Vol. 7, 1981, p. 527). This journal is a rare and important artifact from likely the most important US Ship on the Pacific in the 19th Century.


DOBELL, Peter (1775-1852)
Sept années en Chine. Nouvelles observations sur cet empire, l'archipel Indo-Chinois, les Philippines et les îles Sandwich. [Seven years in China. New Observations on this Empire, the Indo-Chinese Archipelago, the Philippines and the Sandwich Islands].

Paris: Gide, 1838. First French Edition. Octavo (ca. 21,5x14 cm). x, 358 pp. With two lithographed plates of a man and woman of Manila. Translated from Russian by Prince Emmanuel Galitzin. Handsome period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Plates with some very minor foxing, but overall in very original near fine condition.
This first French edition contains "Dobell's remarks (pp. 232-241) regarding his voyage to Hawaii [not included in the first English edition]. In the supplement (note 42, pp. 334-335) there is a letter of March 25, 1820, from Riho-Riho (Kamehameha II) to the Tsar of Russia [also not included in the first English edition]" (Forbes 1090). "Dobell arrived in Kamchatka by sea in 1812, in the service of the Russian government. This journal records his personal observations of the manners, customs, population, religion, and resources during his fifteen years of traveling in China and Siberia. Much of this time, approximately seven years, he operated as a trader based in China; the second half of volume two describes his experiences and residence there (which had begun in 1798). Dobell indicates that his observations concentrate on the wonderful works of nature" in order that the reader may learn "how rich and interesting a region is Siberia, heretofore only represented to the imagination in the most gloomy and unattractive colors." The two excellent frontispieces illustrate this Siberian life" (Hill 484).
Dobell was "an Irish trader and adventurer, [who] had formerly been a merchant at Canton. In return for negotiating the safety of Krusenstern's ship, which in 1804 was on the point of being seized by the Chinese at Canton, Tsar Alexander rewarded Dobell with the position of Russian consul-general to the Pacific Ocean. The appointment forced him to quit Canton and forfeit his business. From his base at Manila in the Philippines, Dobell travelled widely in the Pacific, visiting the Sandwich Islands and the ports of Siberia (1812)" (Howgego 1800-1850, C39). "British counselor at Alexander's court journeys from Kamchatka to the Ural Mountains, August-November, 1812. He provides a mass of detail about Siberia, its peoples, its resources, and the road that serves as the connection between the east and west limits of the Empire" (Nerhood 155).
Peter Dobell was an intrepid adventurer and lived a truly exciting life. Born in Ireland and educated in Philadelphia, he travelled for 30 years, especially in South-East Asia and China where he went three times and lived for seven years. While in Canton Dobell met the Russian explorer Ivan Krusenstern who was on his famous circumnavigation. Dobell's was able to help the Russian expedition for which Emperor Alexander I sent him a diamond ring. This was probably one of the reasons why Dobell ultimately became a Russian citizen. Prompted by the idea of organising the regular supply of provisions to Kamchatka, in 1812 he sent two ships there from Manila on his own cost. Dobell also visited Kamchatka and then travelled to Saint Petersburg through Siberia. It was the diary of that travel which was first published in Saint Petersburg magazine "Syn Otechestva" in 1815-1816 and later in London (1830). In 1818 Alexander I approved Dobell's plan and appointed him Consul General of Russia's first mission in Manila. However the Spanish government refused to accept Dobell, but promised to support him as a private person. The adventurer returned to Kamchatka and obtained the title of the 2nd Guild merchant. He tried to start trade between Kamchatka and Manila several times but always unsuccessfully which resulted in great financial losses. His main competition was the Russian-American company which lobbied its interests in the Pacific and didn't allow foreign traders to come to the ports of the Eastern Siberia. Moreover, Dobell's property in Manila was destroyed during the riots, and he, almost ruined, returned to Saint Petersburg in 1828. In spite of everything, he didn't lose his courage and continued the life of traveller and thrill seeker (Russian Biographical Dictionary online); Cordier Sinica 2109.


RAYEV, Grigory Ivanovich (1863-1957)
[Collection of Eighteen Original Albumen Photographs of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk, and the Georgian Military Road from the Series “Views of the Caucasus”].

Ca. 1900. Eighteen albumen prints mounted on the official photographer’s card leaves with printed name and credentials on the lower margins, images ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5 x 6 ¾ in), mounts ca. 21x27 cm (8 ¼ x 10 ½ in). All but two images captioned and numbered in negative. Several photos with period pencil numbers on the mounts (made by an owner), one – with a period manuscript ink title on verso (“Narzan Gallery, Kislovodsk”). Mounts with some minor bumping of corners, several images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Attractive collection of eighteen original photographs of the Georgian Military Road, and mountains, streams, mineral sources, baths and resort establishments of Kislovodsk, Pyatigorsk, and Zheleznovodsk in the North Caucasus. Grigory Rayev was a famous Russian photographer from the Caucasus. A native of Pyatigorsk, he worked as a photographer since the age of fifteen, and in 1889 purchased the studio of his teacher A.K. Engel; all images in his studio were taken personally by him. Rayev was awarded with over twenty gold and silver medals of Russian and foreign photographic exhibitions, including those in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Tiflis, Paris, Brussels, Cairo, and others; in 1896 he was awarded with the Legion of Honour in Louvre. Rayev was a member of the Russian Photographic and Russian Geographical Societies, and became the first photographer to document the establishment of railways in the Caucasus. Among his works are series of photos “Views of the Caucasus”, “90 views of Caucasian Mineral Waters, Georgian Military and Sukhumi Military Roads”, “50 views of the Osetian Military Road”, “25 views of Kislovodsk”, “Panoramas of the Caucasian Range”, over two hundred postcards with the views of the Caucasus based on his negatives, and others.
The views of Kislovodsk show: the interior of the gallery above the source of Narzan mineral water (reconstructed in 1893-1908); façade of the Narzan Gallery; “Steklyannaya Struya” (“Glass Stream”) pavilion in the Kislovodsk park; waterfalls on the Olkhovka River and in the Orekhovaya Gulch near Kislovodsk. Images of Pyatigorsk include those of the city square with the monument to Mikhail Lermontov; entrance to the Proval cave and the restaurant nearby; general view of the Mashuk mountain from the Goryachya (“Hot”) Mountain; Elizavetinskaya Gallery (above the source of mineral water), Lermontov grotto and the Aeolian harp pavilion. Photos of Zheleznovodsk include general view of the city, images of the mineral source of Grand Duke Mikhail; Gryaznushka (now Smirnovsky) source, baths of the mineral sources # 1 and 2, Novo-Ostrovskiye baths. Georgian Military Road in shown on the photos of the Terek Gorge, Gudauri mountain station (7327 ft above sea level), legendary mountain of Tsarine Tamara in the Dariali Gorge, and Mtskheta town and bridge. Overall a very good collection of iconic views of Northern Caucasus.


55. [RUSSIA]
[Album with over 140 Original Photographs from the Archive of the Sprato Family most Likely Taken by Amateur Photographer Alexander Sprato, Showing Alatyr Town, Usman Town, Borovichi Town, Moscow, Kazan, Portraits of Peasants, Fishermen, Schoolchildren, Officers and Soldiers, a Young Estate Owner, Sprato Family Members, and Others].

Ca. 1890-1910. Oblong Quarto (ca. 24x32,5 cm). Twenty-five grey card stock leaves. Over 140 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, from ca. 4x4,5 cm (1 ½ x 1 ¾ in) to ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ½ x 9 in), about fifty images with manuscript black ink captions on the mounts. Original grey cloth album with a leather spine and gilt tooled decorations on the front board. Rebacked, covers slightly soiled and rubbed, mounts slightly soiled, several images removed from the album, several mildly faded, one photo on the first leaf with loss of the upper margin, but overall a very good album.
The album contains over a hundred interesting evocative images of pre-revolutionary Russia, most likely taken by amateur photographer Alexander Sprato (his slightly damaged portrait is mounted on the first leaf); the captions under the images were also made by him. The photos depict various places in Central Russia, with some lively views of towns and villages, portraits of street guards, fishermen, hunters, peasants, families, children etc. Interesting views include those of: Alatyr Town (modern-day Chuvash Republic), showing streets, market square, piled timber on a river bank; Usman Town (Lipetsk Oblast) – main square, a noble house with the inhabitants in front, construction of a bathing house on a river; Borovichi (Novgorod Oblast) – street views, a ferry over the Msta River; Moscow (Manege, street decorations to the Coronation of Nicolas II on the Kuznetsky Most, Lubyanskaya Square, entrance to the Assembly of Nobility; draughts office of the Special Moscow District, Plaksin’s musical school, street guards in front of the office # 6); Emperor’s estate Klinskoye (Vladimirskaya Oblast), museum of the Boat of Peter I on the Pleshcheyevo Lake near Pereyaslavl-Zalessky (Yaroslavl Oblast), Kazan, a forest with cut timber in the foreground, and others. Numerous portraits show Sprato family members (including first photos of the photographer’s son Georgiy), as well as children from a church school near Mologa (Yaroslavl Oblast, now submerged under the Rybinsk reservoir), peasants making hay, fishermen and their children in a fisherman village near Pereyaslavl-Zalessky; officers, soldiers and a nurse during the WW1; a young man with hunting dogs in a countryside estate, and others. At the end of the album there are also several later group portraits of the Sprato family and friends, dating ca. 1920s.


56. [VENICE]
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Birdseye View of Venice Titled:] Venetiarum amplissima & maritima urbs cum multis circumiacentibus insulis.

Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x38,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
One of the earliest obtainable birdseye views of Venice by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century.


[Album with Over 180 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Washington State, Showing Tacoma, Boating in Commencement Bay, Olympia, Spanaway, Eatonville, and Hiking and Camping on the Slopes of Mount Rainier].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 25,5x34 cm). Twenty grey card stock leaves. Over 180 mounted gelatin silver prints, the majority are snapshots ca. 8x8 cm (3 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) or ca. 5,5x10,5 cm (2 ¼ x 4 in), also with six large studio photos ca. 14,5x19,5 cm (5 ½ x 7 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. No captions. Original black full cloth “Morehouse photo album” (paper label on the inner side of the back cover), fastened with a string. Covers mildly rubbed on extremities, a few images with mild silvering or mildly faded, but overall a very good album of interesting photos.
Lively private album of photos taken by the residents of the Washington state; interesting images include panoramas of Mount Rainier, views of Tacoma train station (with railway cars and two ladies standing next the Northern Pacific Express), steamers in the Commencement Bay, Spanaway Hotel, Thomas van Eaton’s “General Merchandise” store and Hotel Groe (built in 1892) in Eatonville, Old Capitol Building in Olympia (built in 1890-92), Soldiers’ Monument in Tumwater’s Masonic Memorial Park (Olympia, opened in 1902 to honour the Washington State soldiers who fought in the Spanish-American/Philippine-American War), a street parade showing horse driven carts, and circus elephants. There are also numerous images of the family and friends on their properties, during picnics and leisure camping trips, while boating in Commencement Bay, scenes of a public gathering; a series of photos show a trip to Mount Rainier with camping tents on the mountain slopes, glaciers and waterfalls, the hikers in the fields densely covered with lilies, and on the snowy slopes. Overall a very interesting private album illustrating life in Washington State at the beginning of the 20th century.


LOBECK, Tobias (active 1750-1770) & LOTTER, Tobias Conrad (1717-1777)
Atlas geographicus portatilis, XXIX. mappis orbis habitabilis regna exhibens. Kurzgefasste Geographie ... Nebst compendieusen Land-Charten, welche einen kleinen Sack-Atlas ausmachen. [Portable Geographic Atlas..,].

Augsburg: T. Lobeck, ca. 1758. Expanded Edition. 72 pp. Oblong Duodecimo (ca. 11,5x15 cm). With an engraved frontispiece, and engraved title-page, and forty-one engraved hand-coloured maps. Handsome original brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Extremities mildly rubbed, gilt darkened, but overall a very good copy with a very clean maps and text.
Lotter was Matthäus Seutter's son in law and worked with Seutter in his workshop and became his most talented employee and then in 1756 succeeded Seutter with Seutter oldest son. Lotter produced Seutter's Atlas Minor and then from 1758 his own Atlas Minor, the present atlas being a further reduced version. This expanded edition of the Atlas geographicus portatilis with fourteen newly added mostly German regional maps all engraved by Lobeck himself. The atlas was sold both with and without Lobeck’s undated geographical notes. The destruction of Lima in 1746 is mentioned as having taken place last year but this edition is from around 1758 or slightly later. Phillips 631f; Tooley's Mapmakers K-P, p.145 & 158.


FRIES, Lorenz (1489/1491-1550)
[Woodcut Map of the World Titled:] Tabula Nova Totius Orbis.

Vienna: G. Trechsel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 30,5x45,5 cm (12x18 in). With original centre-fold and a couple of expertly repaired wormholes of blank margin, but overall a very good and strong impression of this map.
Second of the two modern world maps by Fries after Waldseemüller. This being the Servetus edition of 1541 with a new title at the top. "It is a reduced version of the corresponding map in Waldseemueeler's atlas of 1513.., Fries has added five throned effigies of kings, representing those of Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Taprobana, and Mursuli. There is in addition a drwaing of an elephant (or perhaps mammoth) placed just off the coast of Greenland. This map, like the one previously listed, is one of the earliest world maps available to a collector, and an unsophisticated but attractive rendering of what was generally known of the world at that time'' (Shirley 49).


LINSCHOTEN, Jan Huyghen van (1563-1611)
Le Grand routier de mer de Jean Hugues de Linschot Hollandois, contenant une instruction des routes et cours qu'il convient tenir en la navigation des Indes Orientales, et au voyage de la coste du Brésil, des Antilles et du cap Lopo Gonsalvez ... Le tout fidelement recueilli des mémoires et observations des pilotes espagnols et portugais, et nouvellement traduit de flameng en françois. [The Great Sea Pilot of Jan Huyghen van Linschoten of Holland, Containing an Instruction of the Routes and Courses Which it is Necessary to keep in the Navigation of the East Indies, and for Voyages to the Coasts of Brazil, the Antilles and Cape Lopo Gonsalvez ... The Whole Being Faithfully Collected from Accounts and Observations of the Spanish and Portuguese Navigators..,].

Amsterdam: J.E. Cloppenburch, 1619. First French Separately Published Edition. Small Folio (30,5x19 cm). [iv], 181, [1] pp. With an attractively illustrated engraved title page. This work is also often found bound with Linschoten's Histoire de la navigation.., & Description de l'Amerique.., Handsome period style maroon elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. A very clean near fine copy.
Linschoten, a Dutch geographer and traveller, compiled this navigational sea pilot to the West and East Indies from secret "Spanish and Portuguese documents on navigation and geography [and] it served as a direct stimulus to the building of the vast English and Dutch overseas empires. As a navigational aid, it was so highly esteemed that a copy was given to each ship sailing for the Indies. Linschoten's own first-hand knowledge came from his voyages to Goa in 1583 and to the Arctic with Willem Barents in 1594 in search of a North East Passage" (Christies). "He travelled extensively along the East Indies' regions under Portuguese influence and served as the Portuguese Viceroy's secretary in Goa between 1583 and 1588. He is credited with publishing in Europe important classified information about Asian trade. In 1596 he published a book, Itinerario (later published as an English edition as Discours of Voyages into Y East & West Indies) which graphically displayed for the first time in Europe detailed maps of voyages to the East Indies, particularly India. During his stay in Goa, abusing the trust put in him by the Viceroy, Jan Huyghens meticulously copied the top-secret charts page-by-page. Even more crucially, Jan Huyghens provided nautical data like currents, deeps, islands and sandbanks, which was absolutely vital for safe navigation, along with coastal depictions to guide the way. The publication of the navigational routes enabled the passage to the East Indies to be opened to trading by the English and the Dutch. As a consequence, The British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company broke the 16th-century monopoly enjoyed by the Portuguese on trade with the East Indies" (Wikipedia); Borba de Moraes A-L p. 489-90; Howgego L131-2; Sabin 41371.


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