May 2014 - Exploration, Travels & Voyages: Africa, Asia & Europe

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[Historically Important Manuscript Journal with Period Copies of Official Despatches, Lists of Vessels, Captives and Other Information Related to the British Expedition to Abyssinia in 1868].

Ca. 1868. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). In all 52 leaves of text, brown ink on watermarked laid paper, legible hand writing. Filled from both ends. The watermarks are “Dorling & Gregory, London” and a rampant lion with the date “1867”. Original album with marbled boards and cloth spine, worn and damaged. A number of leaves loosely inserted, some with tears and corner loss. Overall a very good internally clean manuscript.
The journal contains the following documents:
1) Lists of Arrivals & Departure of Transports in and from Annesley Bay. From 3rd January 1868 to 20th June 1868. Alphabetically arranged (41 pp.); 2) List of “The Abyssinian Captives” (1 p.); 3) [Napier, R.] Copy of the letter of congratulation from His Excellency to the soldiers & sailors of the army of Abyssinia” (3 pp.); 4) A copy of the first letter sent from Theodore to General Sir R. Napier Commander-in Chief of the Forces Abyssinia; [with] A Copy of the 2nd letter sent to Sir R. Napier Lt. Genl. (4 pp.); 5) Dr. Blanc, to whom the public have been repeatedly indebted for interesting accounts from Magdala says... (3 pp.); 6) Arrival of His Excellency Sir Robert Napier at Toulla (2 pp.); 7) Statistics relating to the Transport Service... Supplied by Capt. Tryon R.N., the able Director of Transport (6 pp.).
From the reverse of the volume: 1) A List of Vessels Chartered in Bombay for the Abyssinian Expedition (14 pp.); 2) Transports Chartered at Calcutta; [with] Transports Chartered in England (10 pp.); 3) [List of departures and arrivals of vessels at the Bombay port, 19 Sept. - 3 Oct. 1867], including “Fort Saluted Genl. Sir Robert Napier with 15 Guns... Genl. Sir R. Napier & Suite came on board,” (3 pp.); 4) Date of Departure [and] Arrival of H.M.S. Octavia during the Commission [1865-1869] (6 pp.).
The compiler of the journal remains anonymous, but apparently was an eye-witness involved in the events. The fact that the lists are started from both ends suggests that this journal was in use at the time, and not compiled later from printed records.
“The British Expedition to Abyssinia was a rescue mission and punitive expedition carried out in 1868 by the armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire. Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia, also known as "Theodore," imprisoned several missionaries and two representatives of the British government in an attempt to get the attention of the British government, which had been ignoring his requests for military assistance. The punitive expedition launched by the British in response required the transportation of a sizable military force hundreds of miles across mountainous terrain lacking any road system. Harold G. Marcus described the action as "one of the most expensive affairs of honour in history"” (Wikipedia).


Mesiatsoslov s Rospis’ju chinovnykh osob v gosudarstve, na leto ot Rozhdestva Christova 1802 [Calendar for the Year 1802 after the Birth of Christ, with an Annotated List of all State Officials].

Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, [1802]. Octavo. xxiv, 514, viii pp. Title page with a woodcut vignette, Pp. 261-262 bound at pp. 513-514 (and vice versa), but all pages present. Original period marbled papered wrappers. Owner’s inscription in English on the inner side of the front wrapper, dated “Jan. 1802”. Wrappers slightly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare early edition of the “address-calendar” – official government printed directory of state institutions of the Russian Empire, with names and ranks of all state officials. General address-calendars covering the whole territory of the Russian Empire were published annually from 1765 until 1916, first by the Imperial Academy of Sciences (until 1867), later – by the special department of the Governing Senate of the Russian Empire.
Our Mesiatseslov is a rare copy of the first issue of the address calendar resumed after a five-year prohibition to publish during the reign of Paul I. Shortly after Alexander I had become the new emperor of Russia, a special decree was issued “to publish Mesiatseslov with the list of state officials exactly the same way as it used to be issued before 1797, with full names of the statesmen” (Decree from 14 June 1801). Worldcat indicates only one copy of this edition in the collection of early Russian address calendars (1765-1806) of the University of Göttingen Library.
The Mesiatseslov opens with a detailed calendar for 1802, list of the state and church holidays, information about post office schedules and tariffs. The first part contains a list of officials of all central state institutions: the State Council, Emperor’s Court and Cabinet, commanders and officers of all regiments of the Emperor’s Life Guard (Preobrazhensky, Semenovsky, Izmailovsky Cavalry Regiments et al.). Then follows a list of officials of the Governing Senate, the Holy Synod and all Ministries and Collegiums of the Empire, supplemented with the lists of foreign ambassadors and consuls in Russia, main staff of Russian banks, post offices, Saint Petersburg wharf, State Mint, Police Department, Imperial Academy of Sciences and Academy of Arts, Moscow University, the Cadet Corps and other educational and charity institutions. The general list finishes with the names of managers of the Imperial theatres and State Archives. The second part contains names and ranks of the chief state officials in all Russian provinces and governing territories (over 40), including Georgia, officially annexed by Russia in 1801.
The title page is decorated with a woodcut vignette of coat of arms of the Russian Empire; the inner side of the front wrapper is inscribed by the owner who apparently acquired the Mesiatseslov shortly after it had been printed, in January 1802. Overall a very original copy of this rare Russian imprint.


[Album with Fifty-Seven Original Photographs of Algiers and Environs, Titled:] "Alger et ses Environs 1888."

Algiers, 1888. Oblong Folio (30 x 38 cm). 30 leaves. With fifty-seven albumen photographs mounted on twenty-eight leaves. Most photos ca. 18 x25 cm (7x10 in). Period red gilt tooled and titled half morocco with red cloth boards. Front cover mildly sunned, rebacked in style, a couple of mount leaves with minor chips and one mount with repair of blank margin, otherwise a very good album.
These generally strong unfaded images include views of: Algiers port, quays, Grand Phare, Boulevard des Palmiers, Bay of Algiers, Pris de Mustapha, Square Bresson, Place du Gouvernement, Rue de la Marine, Grande Mosque el Kebir, Mosque Sidi Abderrhaman, Mosque Djemmaa-Saphir, general view of the Kasbah, Pavillon du Coup D'eventail, LibraryGovernor's Palace and Cathederal, Rue de la Casbah, Rue Kleber, Rue de la Grenade, Rue du Nil, Rue Heliopolis, Rue Sidi Ramdam, Cour Mauresque, Boutique d'un Mozabite, Fontaine Tabarin, Chemin des Aqueducs, Puits a la Boudzarea, Marabout a la Boudzarea, Fontaine du Jardin D'Essai, Cafe Maure des Platanes, Fontaine Mauresque a Birkadem, Campagne Mauresque, Bois Sacre, Blidah, Cimitiere Sid-Kebir, Blidah, Gorges de la Chiffa, Fontaine a Tixerain.


[A Collection of Original Manuscripts Retained by Lieutenant Edward Littlehales‚ Commander of H.M. Brig Dolphin‚ regarding the seizure of the Barque Jones of New York as a suspected slaver in the port of St. Helena, Including Official “Seizor’s Case”, Certificate signed by Littlehales, Testimony of Lieut. Murray, H.M. Dolphin’s mate, and Other Papers Presented in the Admiralty Court of Sierra Leone].

St. Helena, 1840. Six manuscripts, three folios (ca. 31,5x20 cm) and three quartos (ca. 24x20 cm and smaller). In all 21 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Fold marks, paper slightly aged, otherwise the collection is in very good condition.
Interesting collection of original documents related to the seizure of the American barque Jones (owned by P.J. Farnham & Co., Salem, Mass.) by H.M. Brig Dolphin under command of Edward Littehales on the 14th of September 1840 at Saint Helena. The barque was captured on suspicion of its alleged involvement into slave trade, and was convoyed to Sierra Leone, where a session of the Vice Admiralty Court took place on the 5th of October that year. The allegations were considered true, and the barque was confiscated. That caused a long lasting argument between US and British officials, which wasn’t settled for over ten years. The “Opinion in case of the Barque Jones” by N.G. Upham (London, 1854) continued the discussion, this time as part of the Convention for the settlement of claims between the United States and Great Britain.
The documents comprise:
1) Official Manuscript of the “Seizor’s Case” heard in the Vice Admiralty Court of Sierra Leone‚ describing the barque’s route‚ false papers‚ the passengers including two well known “extensive Slave Dealers”‚ the evidence of hatches fitted with gratings‚ shackles and bolts 4/5000 feet of plank for forming a second slave deck‚ the results of a search found the ship “was supplied with nearly every necessity for a Slave Equipment”. 7 pages
2) Certificate signed by Lieutenant Littlehales recording the detention of the Barque Jones‚ Tobias Davis‚ Commander‚ at St Helena on 14 September 1840‚ “sailing under no colours‚ armed with four guns”‚ acknowledging no Slaves found on board. 1 page.
3) Manuscript Statement by Lieutenant Murray‚ Mate of HM Brig Dolphin‚ describing his search of the Barque‚ the discovery of bolts‚ shackles‚ etc.‚ and his conclusion that this was “a vessel purposely intended for slave traffic‚ and other illegal trading”‚ HMB Dolphin‚ St. Helena‚ 17 September 1840. 2 pages.
3) Certificate of the wages due to the crew of the Barque Jones‚ signed by the first officer‚ Tobias Davis‚ St. Helena‚ 17 September 1840. 1 page.
5) Manuscript copy of Extracts from the letter book of W.H. Sexton‚ Agent at Ambriz, Loanda and Bengula, for the house of Farnham & Co. (owners of the Barque)‚ sent to the Court‚ giving information about the slave trade‚ stating it is on the wane “for the consignees are bleeding the dealer here to death”. 5 pages
6) Manuscript draft papers‚ almost certainly compiled by Littlehales‚ with numerous amendments and deletions‚ relating to his part in the detention of the Barque‚ and the involvement of Mr. Carrol‚ the American Consular Agent‚ for submission to the Court. 6 pages.
Commander Edward Littlehales (1805-1888) commanded the Dolphin on the coast of West Africa‚ in the suppression of the slave trade‚ in 1840. It was Littlehales who took to St. Helena in 1840 the order for the exhumation of Napoleon’s remains. He refused to give the 103 gun salute demanded by the French for an Emperor‚ declaring his instructions referred to “General Bonaparte” who would receive a 21 gun salute. The seizure of American vessels by the Royal Navy at this time led to a protest by the American President that these detentions were unwarranted.


[Two Original Manuscript Journals, Bound Together]: Journal of a Voyage to China; [with:] Journal in Shanghai, and Travels in China.

Quarto. [Various places, including at sea and locations in China: Shanghai, Ningpo, Hancow, Wuchang et al.]. 1870-1871. 281; 146 pp., plus 6 pp. of notes laid in. Approximately 100,000 words. Period brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. Recased but overall a very good journal.
The journal of W.C. Peckham from Kingston, Mass., who went to Shanghai as a teacher and companion of a young American man whose parents resided in China. The journal describes Peckham’s journey to China and during his tour there, documenting a total of five months. It is written in a mix of a sort of shorthand and full words. His abbreviated writing often gives only the first letter or two of the word, generally using a the letter "e" for the word "the," the letter "v" for the word "of," and so forth. It is, nevertheless, relatively readable. The author spent 118 days at sea, recording the various happenings aboard his vessel, the clipper ship Surprise. The Surprise was a California clipper built in 1850 that spent most of its working life plying trade between the West Coast and China. In 1867 she was converted from the faster clipper to a slower merchant ship, continuing in the China trade until she was wrecked and sunk off the coast of Japan in 1876.
In addition to the usual voyage fare - sightings of whales and other wildlife, reports on the weather, pining for home, interacting with the crew, etc. - Peckham includes some commentary on Chinese society, gleaned from his conversations with the steward and others aboard the ship. Interestingly, one of the aspects that he chooses to discuss in his journal is that of Chinese prostitution and mistresses. He writes (in translated transcription from the shorthand), on December 15th: "The steward has told me much of the prostitution of the Chinese women. It would seem that is scarce known among them. The foreign merchants & the clerks many of them keep [them?] mistresses, upon whom money is lavished as it is every where else in the world upon persons who stand in the same [relation to men?]. The Chinese women are bought of a price of their mothers, often a man of wealth pays a thousand dollars for his 'China wife' & keeps her in state. She spends her days away from him in the Chinese quarter with her friends & comes to his rooms after dark, or it might be, he goes to her when he pleases. Girls who have no mothers often sell themselves, get some old woman to claim be their parent & drive the bargain while in reality the money goes to the girl. ... Lying is by no means a shame to a Chinaman. They feel no disgrace if caught in a falsehood & they will tell a lie, or [have]? One proven "upon them?] with equal composure." He goes on to describe trading with the Chinese in light of their penchant for lying, saying, "It must require great patience on the part of the missionaries to deal with such a people. I shall watch these characteristics very closely that I may form an intelligent opinion about them."
He goes on to relate what he's been told of Chinese cities by the captain: "The Captain told us more fully what he has hinted at before of the filth of Chinese cities. All along in the narrow streets are set vessels, let into the street permanently, immovably, into which the men make water openly." He has written in parentheses, "(I don't know about the women also), and crossed through it and written "no" above it in answer. He continues: "These are bailed out every day & the contents taken into the country for fertilizer. ... The men collect this filth in jars which they carry on poles slung over their shoulders. ... The streets called 'Chow Chow' streets are very filthy. Here food is sold by the natives. The whole creature is made available, the intestines are washed, cooked, & eaten, even the contents are washed out & eaten. Rats, dogs & cats are not eaten save in case of danger of famine. ... In planting the Chinese use no solid manure. All the fertilizers are applied in liquid form. This gives great growth of vegetables, it also makes the vegetables taste of the manure, hence Europeans do not buy or use the vegetables the Chinese raise. They are famous gardeners. The whole land is a garden."
The second portion of the volume is devoted to the author's travels in China. He arrived in February 1871, during Chinese New Year and describes the festive atmosphere, noting that "We saw Chinese war junks of the old style, which had an enormous number of guns on a side. Now there was on every gun a strip of red for it is New Year." He describes his lodgings and the people who serve him there, his daily routines, meals etc., in considerable detail. He confirms that the streets are indeed filthy and the poor similar to those in America: "...through Chinese streets, round by the walls of the old city. We saw small footed women & fortune tellers. There were crowds of Chinese, cook shops sent out their (savory?) odors, filth was in the streets; but after all, I can't think it was much worse, those some what different, than the low Irish quarters of N.Y. City. Poor people are wretched everywhere."
Peckham also visits shrines in the countryside, describing the sights and experiences around as well as in Shanghai. He comments on schools, prostitution, and various customs. All in all, a fascinating read and a look at the Far East through the eyes of a 19th-century American.


[Album with Over 400 Original Snapshot Photographs Taken by an American Teacher in Cuyo, the Philippines, with Historically Important Views of Schools, Administrative Buildings and Churches in Cuyo and Palawan, Photos of Public Fiestas, Views of the Baguio Market and Residence of Guy Haight, and Portraits of the Locals including Igorot People from Luzon's Cordillera].

May 1913 - January 1915. Oblong Octavo (ca. 18x27,5 cm), 50 black paper leaves with tissue guards (11 blank). Over 400 mounted gelatin silver prints, the vast majority ca. 4x6 cm (1 ½ x 2 ½ in), with two large images ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), and four images ca. 13,5x7,5 cm (ca. 5 ¼ x 3 in). Six small loose images are in the envelope at rear. The majority of photos are captioned and numbered in white ink on the mounts, some dated. Original black cloth album of the “Badger line,” slightly worn at head of spine. First leaf partly detached from the album, but the photos are bright and clear. Overall a very good album.
Interesting extensive photo collection giving a first-hand account of the early American initiatives in the development of public education in the Philippines. The album was made by one of the American teachers who worked on the island of Cuyo in 1913-1915, and contains numerous shots of schools, administrative buildings, churches, villages in Cuyo, Palawan and Luzon; scenes of public holidays and processions, teachers’ pastime, and a number of noteworthy portraits of local people.
The album opens with two large group portraits of the “Philippine government employees on S.S. Mongolia” taken at the beginning of their journey (May 1913). The first sixty shots were made on the way to the Philippines and include views of Honolulu, Kobe, Yokohama, Tokyo, Kyoto, Hong Kong and Canton. Having arrived in Manila (there are nine street views of the city), the Americans proceeded to Cuyo on the steamer “Panglina”; the journey is documented in over thirty images of Coron Island (municipal building, old and new schools, church), Bisucay Island and leper colony of Culion Island.
Over 230 images are dedicated to Cuyo island in the modern Palawan province of the Philippines. The compiler of the album, apparently concealing himself under initials “S.P.F.”, took numerous shots of the Cuyo provincial school (including the domestic science and the manual teaching buildings, and the school’s vegetable garden), “Central” (primary) school; interiors and exteriors of the teachers’ dormitory and houses in Cuyo. There are also images of the Cuyo lighthouse, and Bureau of Posts with the newly constructed wireless tower. A number of images show Philippino schoolchildren and American teachers (Merritt, C.E. St. Clair, Tolbert, Riley, E.S. Ross), with an interesting shot of a teacher (Tolbert) “in diving suit on pearling vessel Gwendolyn.” There are images of the teachers and children playing volleyball, baseball, and tennis – sports obviously brought to Cuyo by the Americans. Several images show Cuyo church, and schools and churches in other settlements on Cuyo island – Mindoro, Batobato, Araceli et al., as well as on Palawan Island (gateway to provincial governor’s grounds, church, reservoir building, constabulary barracks in Puerto Princesa; church fort and school in Agutaya).
A series of photos are dedicated to numerous public and national holidays in Cuyo, i.e. Famous Fiesta Day, or the celebration of St. Augustine (28 August), which was documented twice (1913 and 1914). Among other holidays shown are: Rizal Day (30 Dec. 1913), Provincial School Corn Demonstration Day (27 Feb. 1914), and Garden Day (5 Dec. 1914). There are also photos of religious holidays (Palm Sunday, 5 April 1914); funeral of W.B. Dawson, an American (24 March 1914); portraits of the locals, including “Jumbo” our house boy (1913-1914) and schoolboys breaking stones; scenes of making copra, views of “native salt factory” et al.
Over forty photos document a trip to the American teachers’ camp in Baguio, northern Luzon, dated April-May 1914. Among the interesting images are views of a station and train of Manila-Dagupai Railroad, scenes on Baguio market with portraits of the local Igorot people, including a “group of Igorrote men resting and gossiping”, and “Ifugao Igorrote in usual costume: basket hat, loin cloth and brass leg ring. Baguio, 5/24/1914”. Life in the teachers’ camp is represented by the images of the “Circle of tents on “Pulajon Ridge” (or “Stag Hill”)” and humorous scenes from the Comic Field Day in the camp. A series of images show an excursion to the residence of an American, Guy Haight, 54 km from Baguio, with photos of Haight’s house, sawmill and barn with a flock of Angora goats.
Although of a small size, the photographs comprise a detailed and fascinating portrait of the early American education system in the Philippines. Overall an interesting and historically important album.
“An improved public school system was established during the first decade of American rule upon the recommendation of the Schurman Commission. <…> A highly centralized public school system was installed in 1901 by the Philippine Commission by virtue of Act No. 74. The implementation of this act created a heavy shortage of teachers. As a result, Philippine Commission authorized the Secretary of Public Instruction to bring to the Philippines more than 1,000 teachers from the United States called the Thomasites from 1901 to 1902. These teachers were scattered throughout the islands to establish barangay [village] schools” (Wikipedia).


D’OYLY, Sir Hastings Hadley (1864-1948)
[Two Original Watercolours of the Andaman Islands, Titled on Verso]: 1) Ross Islands from the Aberdeen District Officers’ House, Port Blair; and 2) Government Rest House, Mount Harriet – Port Blair.

Ca. 1890s. Two watercolours on paper, each ca. 14x22,5 cm (5 ½ x 8 ¾ in). Period manuscript captions in pencil on verso. Later matting. A very good pair.
Interesting original watercolour views of Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and the centre of the infamous penal colony during the British rule. Apart from an unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony on the islands in 1789, Britain hadn’t risen territorial claims to the Andamans until the 1850s. In 1858 a British penal colony was set up for dissenters and independence fighters from the Indian subcontinent. Since 1972 the Andaman and Nicobar islands were administered by a chief commissioner at Port Blair. The infamous Cellular Jail was constructed in Point Blair in 1896-1906.
Drawn in the midst of the colonial period, the watercolours present interesting views of the Andaman Islands, including “Government Rest House” – summer headquarters of the British administration located on a beautiful Mount Harriet, the third highest peak of the islands. Another watercolour is taken from the Aberdeen District Officers’ House and has a great view of the Ross Island where the British administrative headquarters were settled. The artist, Sir Hastings Hadley D’Oyly, 11th Baronet of Shottisham (succeeded in 1921) lived and served in the British India. He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Bihar Light Horse and later served as a deputy commissioner of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


ELLIOT, Gilbert‚ 1st Earl Minto (1751-1814)
[Autograph Letter Signed ‘Minto’‚ as Governor-General of India‚ to Jonathan Duncan, Governor of Bombay‚ Written from Malacca on the Threshold of the Invasion of Java and Expressing the Feeling that “we may not unreasonably indulge a sanguine hope of Success”].

Malacca, 14 June 1811. Quarto bifolium (ca. 25x20 cm). Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. 1 p. Docketed on verso of the second blank leaf. Mild fold marks, strengthened on verso of the left margin with narrow strip of archival tape, otherwise a very good letter.
A fascinating letter written by Sir Gilbert Elliott, Governor-General of India (1807-1813), in the midst of the unfolding British Invasion of Java (May-September 1811). The operation was undertaken as a part of the campaign against French possessions in the East Indies and the Indian Ocean during the Napoleonic wars (Java became a French colony in 1810 after the kingdom of Holland had been annexed to the French Empire the same year). The expedition was carried out by the combined force of the British navy and army of the East India Company, with Lord Minto accompanying it on a frigate commanded by his son, Captain George Elliott (1784-1863). Java capitulated in September 1811 and remained in British hands for the remainder of the Napoleonic Wars, being returned to the Dutch in 1814.
The letter is written a couple of days after the British troops, having assembled in Malacca, had sailed to Java: “I know that you will learn with great satisfaction, that the whole armament having assembled at Malacca, the fleet is now sailing in small divisions to the last destination‚ & that the whole will have quitted these roads by the 17th inst. The passage from hence to Java will not be attended with the difficulties that were once apprehended from the monsoon at this season of the year‚ and we hope to perform it in four or at most‚ five weeks. Everything continues flattering in our prospects so far‚ & I trust we may not unreasonably indulge a sanguine hope of Success.”
“In 1810-11 Minto embarked <…> on his most ambitious and successful operations: the seizure of the Isle de Bourbon and Mauritius from France (1810), and of Java from the Dutch (1811). The attack on Java was prepared in consultation with Minto's agent to the Malay states, Stamford Raffles. He took the extraordinary step of accompanying the Java expedition himself in his son's frigate, asserting the need to ‘see all the political work done to my mind’ (Minto in India, 249–50) with regard to future relations with the Dutch and with the native rulers, <…>. His presence speeded the success of the enterprise when he overbore the caution of the naval commander, Commodore Broughton” (Oxford DNB).


[Album with Two Large Photo Panoramas of Budapest, Titled:] "Budapest."

Budapest: Calderoni es Tarsa, ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x33 cm). Two large albumen print panoramas mounted on card, ca. 19x166,5 cm (7 ½ x 65 ¼ in) and ca. 19x137,5 cm (7 ½ x 54 ¼ in). The smaller panorama signed and captioned in negative (R.J.D.). Original red publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and publisher’s name on the front cover. Mounts with mild staining, right lower corner of the second mount detached and neatly reassembled, cover slightly rubbed on extremities, but the panoramas are strong and bright. Overall very good panoramas.
Attractive album with two panoramas of central Budapest, namely of its historical parts Buda and Pest, located accordingly on the west and east banks of Danube. The panorama of Buda stretches from the Citadella on the left to the north of the city, with majestic Buda Castle and Chain Bridge in the centre. The embankment in shown in great detail, with numerous barges docked near it. A slightly smaller panorama of Pest taken from above, gives a city overview from the Margaret Bridge to the Elizabeth Bridge, with the Chain Bridge and Saint Stephen’s Basilika in the centre. The Hungarian Parliament building is seen on the left. This panorama is signed in negative “R.J.D.” and has captions in Hungarian and German, namely: Margitsziget/Margarethen Insel, Orszaghas/ Parlament, Lanczhid/ Kettelbrücke, Basilika; Fovardsi Vigado/ Städt Redoute. Overall a very good album.


10. [CEYLON]
[Photo Album of 56 Original Photographs of a Voyage from Marseille, Through the Suez Canal to Ceylon].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (37x28 cm). 25 stiff card leaves. With 55 albumen photos mounted on the leaves and one loose. The photos range in size from ca. 19,5x27,5 cm (8x11 in) to ca. 9,5x7,5 cm (4x3 in) with a few smaller ones. 14 large single leaf images. Many images captioned on mounts in pencil or ink. Period green gilt tooled half sheep with green pebbled cloth boards. Covers a little rubbed, mounts mildly warped, but overall a very good album.
The strong images include: “Marseille – Quai et Bassin de la Joliette, ND photo," “Marseille – Perspective de la rue de Noaille, ND photo,” Port Said and the Suez Canal (5 images), view of Colombo harbour, fishing boats at the Colombo jetty, the Grand Oriental hotel in Colombo, Colombo Lake, the “Lion’s mouth," canal with canal boats and their pole men, a mountain pass with tea on the slope; a section of amateur snapshots showing the Europeans who were on this trip, 15 views of Kandy, with various gardens, streets, pavilions, temples, the Morankande Plumbago Mines, the Maryland Estate, etc. Following this are several random views including an elephant working, a European lady on horseback, a child and a man posing, several amateur snapshots of streets and buildings (some faded) & more images of plantations or gardens etc.


"Conakry" La Perle de l'A.O.F. [Conakry, French Guinea Photograph Album with Sixty-Nine Photographs].

Ca. 1915. Oblong Folio (30x41 cm). Sixty-nine gelatin silver photographs mounted on forty-one leaves. Most photos ca. 17x23 cm (7x9 in) but some smaller and oval. Most images with the blind stamp of A. Deschacht, Conakry, Guinee Francaise. Period patterned beige cloth with gilt title on front cover. Cloth covers with repair and some loss of cloth but overall a very good album with strong and sharp images.
This historically interesting album of Conakry includes strong images of the port, the main streets and government and colonial buildings including the Grand Hotel, a church, Ballay hospital, the market, post office, the Railway Company of Niger, as well as a railway bridge, the ocean promenade, a lighthouse, the radio station and several other images of local and colonial buildings. Additionally there are several images of the native inhabitants as well as seven oval images of Guinean women. "Conakry became the capital of French Guinea in 1904 and prospered as an export port, particularly after a (now closed) railway to Kankan opened the large scale export of groundnut from the interior" (Wikipedia).


[Album with Twenty Original Photographs of the Dutch Catholic Missionary Stations in Northern Luzon, the Philippines; Supplemented with Thirty-Two Offset Printed Images of the Region].

Ca. 1908-1909. Oblong Octavo (ca. 18,5x23,5 cm), 24 stiff card leaves. 20 gelatin silver prints (two identical), ca. 12x16,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 ½ in), including five partially hand coloured. Nine photos with period ink captions in Dutch and English on the mounts; the owner’s name “Felix Bamps” written on the first leaf. With eleven colour and twenty-one black and white printed images, the majority of the same size as the original photos; four are half that size. Original green cloth album, mildly rubbed on extremities; spine with minor cracks on hinges. Overall in very good condition with strong, clear images.
Interesting historically significant photo album illustrating the very beginning of activity of Dutch Catholic Missionaries from the Society of the Divine Word in the Philippines. The Society (Societas Verbi Divini or SVD) was founded in the Netherlands in 1875 and has been successfully working in the Philippines since 1908, becoming the largest “religious institute of men in the country” (Wikipedia).
The album gives a first hand view of the work of the first SVD missionaries in the Mountain Province of Northern Luzon in 1908-1909. The original photos include several group portraits of the missionaries, including two showing them mounted on mules in front of a station in Bauco (Bauko), and another, titled “Aan Komst” - “On arrival”. The album also contains a sharp detailed portrait of a missionary “Op myn studiezolder” (in my study room); a view of a church in Solano (Nueva Vizkaya province); several group portaits of Philippino children attending missionary schools - in Solano, Bagabad et al; a view of mountainous Luzon countryside with houses scattered along the hills et al. Three sharp photos portray a large group of workers building a road in the hills; a group portrait shows missionaries and workers in a forest, posing before sawing a tree. One interesting photo depicts the ceremony of Canao, with a couple engaged in traditional dance and a missionary posing in the background. The printed images include views of the Luzon Cordillera, military scenes of the Philippine-American War (1899-1902), portraits of people from different Philippine tribes et al. Overall a very interesting photo collection.
“In the Philippines, the Divine Word Missionaries arrived in Bangued, Abra, in 1909, founding schools in Bangued, Vigan, in Ilocos Sur and Laoag City in Ilocos Norte, as well as in other parts of the Philippines. Now there are about 500 Filipino SVD priests and brothers and around 150 of them are serving in overseas missions on all continents. In the Philippines, the SVD have three ecclesiastical provinces, namely: the Philippine North (PHN) that comprises missionary works of Pangasinan to Aparri; the Philippine Central (PHC) that covers the National Capital Region, and all the provinces comprising central Luzon, southern Tagalog and the whole Bicol region; and the Philippine South (PHS) whose ministries cover the Visayas and Mindanao Islands. Saint Jude Catholic School, a school in Manila near Malacañan Palace, is an SVD school. The congregation opened Christ the King Mission Seminary in 1934 in Quezon City for their Filipino applicants and from then on their numbers continued to increase eventually making the SVD the largest religious institute of men in the country” (Wikipedia).


[A Superb Presentation Photograph Album of the Eastern Bengal Railway Line, Presented to W[rey]. A. E[dward] Hanby [M.B.E.] (Retiring Deputy Chief Engineer) by the Officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway 1917].

1917. Elephant Folio (ca. 39x54 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. With 89 mounted, matte gelatin silver prints. The first leaf with a tipped in leaf of 52 ink signatures of railroad administrators. The photos from ca. 23,5x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ½ in.) to ca. 13,5x20 cm (5 ½ x 8 in.). There are 35 larger single leaf views. Most of the views are captioned in white ink. Many of the photographs are either by Bourne & Shepherd or Hoffmann and Johnston Period black full morocco with a silver presentation plaque mounted on the front cover, with an engraved inscription: “Presented to W.A.C. Hanby, Esq, by the officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway, 1917.” Extremities with mild wear, front joint cracked otherwise a very good album.
Mr. Wrey Edward Hanby, M.B.E., joined the engineering branch of the Public Works Department in Bengal, ca. 1888, and spent most of his career working for the Eastern Bengal State Railway, retiring in 1917 as a Deputy Chief Engineer. The Eastern Bengal Railway Company was established in 1857 with the objective of introduction of railway transport in eastern Bengal and even to move into Burma.
The strong images in this album include: a group of officers of the EBR at headquarters in 1915, a group of officers of the EBR in 1917, Indian peasants ploughing, harvesting, cutting and working with jute, boats bringing jute to a riverside station, foreshore of the river Houghly at Chitpore, the Chitpore goods shed, the Chitpore road with many carts pulled by oxen, clearing trees from a vast estate for a garden, a view of a massive garden, women and children transplanting seedlings, a group of Bhooteas in Darjeeling in 1905 (Bourne and Shephard photo), 12 images of the effects of a cyclone on the Ganges river in October 1909, (Bourne and Shephard photos), 8 images of the effects of the great earthquake of 12th June 1897 on the EB Railway, showing cracks in the earth, in bridges and tracks, in the Nelphanari station yard, on the Rungpur branch, etc. (Bourne and Shephard photos), St. Paul’s cathedral in Calcutta, 3 street scenes in Calcutta showing bustling activity and the Holwell monument, the EBR offices, and the High court, (Bourne and Shephard photos), EBR main station, shipping on the Hooghly river (B&S photo), a Calcutta suburb (B&S photo), the family burial ground of the Nawab of Murshidabad (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), the old Katra Musjid temple in Murshidabad, loading a wagon ferry barge from a train engine and open box cars, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a panorama of the lower Ganges bridge, the lower Ganges bridge being constructed, a close-up of the lower Ganges bridge dated 1914, a train coming through the lower Ganges bridge in 1915, from the point of view of a traveler at one end, a river scene on the Ganges river, brick manufacturing, brick foundations for a building, well sinking with heavy equipment, earthwork coolies, many workers building up a well, a boat building and two river scenes on the Ganges river, a view of the Sendlah(?) train yard showing the old office buildings, the Chitpore train yard, 3 images of changing 40 feet spans on the Kitihar, Parbatipur(?) section of track; E.B.Railway, Ghat station on the River Ganges, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a Dak bungalow, Carts crossing a ford, Avenue of papal(?) trees, River steamer with flats in tow, Government House in Dacca (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Loading timbers onto M.G. Trucks at Jainti(?) (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Jainti River with the Himalayas in the distance (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Peacock Island, Gauhati, Gauhati from Peacock Island (Bourne and Shephard photo), The Beadon Falls, Shilong (Bourne and Shephard photo), A long view of Shilong, In the Forest below Ging, Darjeeling, A train and its cars on the DHRy, the single loop (Bourne and Shephard photo), A train going up the Darjeeling reverse no. 3, (Bourne and Shephard photo), The town of Darjeeling from below the shrubbery, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Sandakfoo, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Senghal, Everest on the left, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), On the Teesta, below the Bridge, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Bridge over the Runjnoo, Darjeeling; Main Gate to twelve buildings, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Andina Building, Pandua, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo) & The Twelve Door Building, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo).


14. [EGYPT]
[Album with Eighty Original Photographs of Egypt and the Nile].

Ca. 1900. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x28 cm). 40 stiff card leaves. With 80 gelatin silver prints of various sizes, on average ca. 14x21 cm (5 ½ x 8 ¼ in) mounted on both sides of the leaves and the last endpaper. Period style navy blue gilt tooled half morocco with cloth boards; all edges gilt, moiré endpapers. Mounts slightly soiled, with minor staining, but the images are bright and clear. Overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of eighty large lively photographs of Egypt, featuring nice images of the ancient Egyptian temples, but focused on the life of contemporary Egypt and its people. The album contains interesting views of the great pyramids in Giza, including a pastoral scene with sheep pasturing in front of the pyramids; a view of the Philae Temple, still on its original location and already flooded after the construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1899-1902; photos of the sitting colossi of the Karnak Temple, carved bas-reliefs; statue of Ranefer, high priest of Ptah (now in the Cairo Museum) et al. The majority of images are dedicated to everyday life of the local people, showing boaters in dahabiyas, camel riders, women carrying water, passerbys, men getting water from a well, street water sellers, families, women with babies, fishermen with a large catch, an old woman spinning cotton, Nubians next to their tent and others. Very interesting are several close-up portraits with people evidently posing for the camera. There are also general views of villages on the Nile banks, and two nice street views of Cairo. Several photos show the Nile and its cataracts, and numerous dahabiyas. The last image shows a Nile steamer “Rameses the Great” (launched 1889, burned 1916) owned by Thomas Cook Ltd.


Emin Pasha Relief Expedition 1887-1889. [Doulton Lambeth Commemorative Stoneware Jug].

London: Doulton Lambeth, ca. 1890. Commemorative jug in fine condition; height ca. 20 cm (8 inches), glazed in light and dark brown, front relief decorated with a portrait of Stanley within a wreath of leaves with the motto 'Out of Darkness into Light' below, vignettes to either side with the words 'Valour' and 'Enterprise' respectively, each vignette with the names of three officers (Valour: W. C. Stairs, R. H. Nelson, T. H. Parke; Enterprise: E.M. Barttelot, W. Bonny, A.J. Mounteney-Jephson) who accompanied Stanley below. Numbered and stamped by manufacturer on base, Stock No: 147521.
This well executed jug is an excellent example of a commemorative souvenir produced immediately after the return of Henry Stanley from the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition 1887-1889.
"Shortly before Stanley left for a lecture tour of the United States in November 1886, Mackinnon suggested that he might lead another expedition to relieve Emin Pasha, the beleaguered governor of equatorial Sudan. On receiving a telegram from Mackinnon on 11 December 1886, Stanley interrupted his tour to return to Britain. Eduard Schnitzer, generally known as Emin Pasha, had appealed for help following the Mahdist uprising which engulfed General Gordon in 1885. Mackinnon, chairman of the British India Steam Navigation Company, led a campaign to raise funds for a relief expedition, with the support of various missionary, commercial, and geographical societies, as well as the Egyptian khedive.., Although Stanley was widely acclaimed as a hero on his return to Britain, the Emin Pasha relief expedition was far from a success. From the start, as even Sidney Low's sympathetic portrait in the Dictionary of National Biography records, ‘it was hampered by divided aims and inconsistent purposes’. Others went further in their criticism, Sir William Harcourt describing it as one of those ‘filibustering expeditions in the mixed guise of commerce, religion, geography and imperialism, under which names any and every guise of atrocity is regarded as permissible’ (A. G. Gardiner, Life of Sir William Harcourt, 1923, 2.94).
In addition to the ‘relief’ of the unwilling Pasha, Stanley had a number of other objectives, including the enhancement of the authority of both Leopold's Congo state in the west and Mackinnon's newly formed Imperial British East Africa Company in the east. More immediately, he had hoped to obtain Emin's valuable cache of ivory. His imperious manner alienated even the most loyal of his men, and several of the surviving members of the expedition and their relatives publicly contested Stanley's account of their ordeal. The strikingly bitter controversy over the fate of the rear column, especially after the publication of Barttelot's diaries in October 1890, raised questions not only about Stanley's leadership, but also about the wider purposes of the expedition. Leading figures in the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and Aborigines Protection Society charged him with using slaves as porters, and complained that the expedition had in fact opened up new routes for slave traders. These various challenges to Stanley's version of events were gleefully reported in the press, and resulted in numerous attacks, both sober and satirical, such as Henry Fox-Bourne's The other Side of the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition (1891) and Francis Burnand's A New Light Thrown across the Keep it Quite Darkest Africa (1891). While Stanley had many influential supporters, the multiplication of different accounts of the expedition undermined his reputation just at the moment he had hoped it would finally be secured" (Oxford DNB).


16. [FLAMENG, Leopold]
[Etching of Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890) after a painting by Sir Frederick Leighton].

[1879]. Etching ca. 22x18 cm (8 ½ x 7 in). A near fine wide margined etching.
This rare etching is based on the portrait by "Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton (1830-1896). This austere, ponderous and intense image of one of the great explorers of Victorian England captures his slightly brutal character very effectively. The artist Frederic Leighton met Burton in 1869 while they were taking a cure at Vichy and they formed a firm friendship which lasted until Burton's death. On 26 April 1872, Burton began sitting for his portrait. According to Lady Burton, he was extraordinarily difficult about it, anxious that his necktie and pin might be omitted and pleading with the artist, 'Don't make me ugly, there's a good fellow.' Apparently the portrait was left unfinished when Burton departed for Trieste in October 1872 and it was not completed until 1875. It was exhibited at the Royal Academy the following year, but it is possible that Burton did not like it, because Leighton kept it at his house in Kensington. He intended to leave it to the National Portrait Gallery, of which he was a Trustee, but forgot, so the then Director, Lionel Cust, arranged for it to be donated by Leighton's sisters" (National Portrait Gallery).
"Captain Sir Richard Francis Burton was a British geographer, explorer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer and diplomat. He was known for his travels and explorations within Asia, Africa and the Americas as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures. According to one count, he spoke 29 European, Asian and African languages.
Burton's best-known achievements include travelling in disguise to Mecca, an unexpurgated translation of One Thousand and One Nights (also commonly called The Arabian Nights in English after Andrew Lang's abridgement), bringing the Kama Sutra to publication in English, and journeying with John Hanning Speke as the first Europeans led by Africa's greatest explorer guide, Sidi Mubarak Bombay, utilizing route information by Indian and Omani merchants who traded in the region, to visit the Great Lakes of Africa in search of the source of the Nile. Burton extensively criticized colonial policies (to the detriment of his career) in his works and letters. He was a prolific and erudite author and wrote numerous books and scholarly articles about subjects including human behaviour, travel, falconry, fencing, sexual practices and ethnography. A unique feature of his books is the copious footnotes and appendices containing remarkable observations and unexpurgated information" (Wikipedia).


[Large Masterly Engraved Equestrian Portrait of Frederick the Great, Unsigned].

[Berlin], ca. 1801. Large copper engraved plate, image size ca. 54x41 cm (21 ¼ x 16 ¼ in). Unsigned. With a copper engraved vignette featuring Royal Prussian eagle on the lower margin. Mounted on a period canvas. Margins browned, several worm holes on the left side and bottom (with a few on the image), otherwise a beautiful bright impression.
Rare large equestrian portrait of Frederick the Great, showing him mounted on a white horse and riding in a dignified manner in a forest, with the Sanssouci Palace seen in the far right. It is a beautiful wide-margined engraving, most likely a proof plate engraved by Daniel Berger (1744-1824) on the basis of his earlier equestrian portrait of Frederick the Great which was published together with Daniel Nikolaus Chodowiecki (1726-1801) in 1777 (under the title“Fridericus Magnus Rex Borussiae”).
Our engraving is larger and more elaborate, with additional details added (trees on the left and Sanssouci Palace in the background). The style and size of our print is similar to that of the later Berger’s print “Friedrich der II. In Nimburg nach der Schlacht bey Kollin” (Berlin, 1801, ca. 51x39 cm). The lower margin of our print usually reserved for a title is occupied with a Royal Prussian eagle; so most likely it is a proof plate for an engraving issued by Berger in the early 1800s in the same series as “Friedrich der II. In Nimburg…”.


18. [GEORGI, Johann Gotlieb] (1729-1802)
Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs, ihrer Lebensart, Religion, Gebräuche, Wohnungen, Kleidungen und übrigen Merkwürdigkeiten. Vierte und letzte Ausgabe. Mongolische Völker, Russen und die noch übrigen Nationen [Description of all the Nations of the Russian Empire, Their Customs, Religion, many other particulars, Homes, Costumes and Other Curiosities. Part 4. Mongolians, Russians and other Remaining Nations].

St. Petersburg: Carl Wilhelm Müller; Typ. Weitbrecht und Schoor, 1780. First edition. Quarto. [2 – t.p.], [4], [2], xii, [4], 397-530 (=134), [6] pp. With twenty hand coloured copper engraved plates, and a copper engraved pictorial head-piece. Original period marbled papered wrappers. Period ink stamp on the title page. Spine worn and cracked, but text and plates very clean and overall in a very original condition.
Fourth part of the first edition of Georgi’s famous work – first comprehensive description of peoples of Russia – contains chapters about Mongols, Kalmyks, Buriats, Armenians, German settlers, Poles, Russians, Kossaks, and others. The first edition of Georgi’s “Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs" was published in three parts in German, Russian and French (Saint Petersburg, 1776-1777). This, fourth part was issued in 1780 only in German, without translations for the Russian or French editions.
Catherine the Great highly appreciated Georgi’s ethnographical work, and presented him with a golden snuffbox and ordered "Beschreibung aller Nationen des russischen Reichs" to be published on the Empress' Cabinet account, but for the benefit of the author.
Johann Gottlieb Georgi was a German botanist, geographer and ethnographer. "After studying pharmacy in Germany, he became an Academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, where he was professor of natural history and chemistry. Georgi conducted the first geological exploration of the Volga, Urals, Altai and the regions beyond Lake Baikal, and in 1771-73 completed a voyage around the lake. His geological specimens formed the foundation of the Natural History Cabinet of St. Petersburg Teachers Seminary, founded in 1783 and now in the Mineralogical Museum of St. Petersburg State University. In 1776-77 Georgi published the first demographic study of the peoples of Russia" (Howgego G36).
Lipperheide 1337 (illustrated); Colas 1223, Svodny Katalog XVIII (foreign imprints) 1066.


[Interesting Collection of 150 Postcards (125 real photo) Showing the German Air Force Shortly Before and During the First World War].

[Germany], ca. 1900-1918. With 125 real photo and 25 printed postcards (eight – in colour), all ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). Over 50 postcards postally used, the vast majority – with letters from soldiers and stamps of the German field post 1914-1918. Overall a great collection of strong images in very good condition.
Extensive collection of postcards illustrating the history and development of the German air force during WW1. The collection starts with over a dozen postcards showing early 1900s German aircraft constructed by the firms of Taube, Harlan, Grade, Jeannin and Aviatik, including those featuring German aviation pioneers Alois Stiplosek (1872-1956), Gustav Tweer (1893-1916), Gotthard Gruner, Max Schüler and others. The rest of the collection directly relates to WW1 and gives a beautiful overview of the main types of German military aircraft: fighters and interceptors, reconnaissance planes, bombers and ground attack aircraft, as well as military zeppelins. The postcards show mono-, bi- and triplanes, float planes and flying boats, constructed by the main German construction firms of the time: Ago, AEG (Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft), Aviatic, Albatros, Deutschen Flugzeugwerke, Focker, Germania, Gothaer Waggonfabrik, Jeannin, Kondor, Luft-Fahrzeug Gesellschaft, Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft, LVG (Luftverkehrsgesellschaft), Dr. Geest Möwe, Rumpler, Pfalz.
Over twenty field shots show aircraft in aerodromes and in flight, German pilots, crew and official delegations examining the planes; there are scenes of loading bombs on board of a heavy Grossflugzeug, checking of an airplane’s machine gun, rescue of Allied pilots by a German float plane, and others. Five real photo postcards showing German fighters in the aerodrome and in flight have interesting captions on verso, i.e. “Machiene würd zum Startplatz gechoren”, “Mein Start”, “Ein güter Kamerad von mir (Zohlen)” et al.
Twenty cards show captured or crashed English and French aircraft (Sopwith triplanes, heavy bombers et al). There are also three commemorative cards about German pilots who died in the air battles of WW1 (in memory of Flieger Oberleutnant Immelmann and battles near Harbouey on 9 August 1915, and Blamont on 23 June 1916), and two colour printed propaganda postcards depicting German planes over Paris and a German zeppelin bombing the east coast of England.
Real photo postcards were produced by the following companies: G. Souer (Wittenberg), Titzenthaler & Vogel (Leipzig; one postcard was issued together with Verlag der Leipziger Luftschiffhallen und Flugplatz Aktiengesellschaft), W. Sanke (Berlin; many postcards after original photos by Franz Fischer), Raphael Tuck & Sons “Bromsilber” Spezialalfertigung der Luft-Verkejrs-Gesellshaft, Martin Trümpelmann (Leipzig-Möckern), F. Ersch (Ludwigslust), F. Finke (Wilhelmshaven), Fritz Krauskopf (Königsberg i. Pr. Und Ostseebad Cranz), Photo-Atelier Richard Vogel (Glauchau i. Sa.), Photochemie (Berlin). Printed postcards were issued by: Farbenphotographische Aufnahme (Lumiere) v. Hans Hildenbrand, Herm. Anders (Mügeln), W. Sanke (Berlin), J. Goldiner (Berlin), Graphische Gesellschaft Aktiengesellschaft (Berlin; together with Deutscher flotten Verein), Schaar & Dathe (Trier), M.L. Carstens (Hamburg), Carl Döge (Dresden), Verlag Breiler (Breslau), B.A. Dathe (Leipzig), Fritz Knecht (Saarburg i. L.).
Overall a historically significant visual representation of the German air force during the First World War.


[Album with 158 Original Photographs Taken by a Crew Member of the German Cruiser SMS "Seeadler," including Interesting Images of Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, German Pacific Colonies and Photos of Troops Taken During the Suppression of the Maji Maji Rebellion in the German East Africa]: "Zur Erinnerung an meine Reisen nach der Südsee and Deutch-Ost-Africa. 1905-07."

Ca. 1905-1907. Oblong Folio (ca. 26x31,5 cm). 20 stiff card leaves. With 158 gelatin silver prints of various sizes, including six large images ca. 21x14,5 cm (8 ¼ x 5 ½ in), over 50 photos ca. 11,5x16,5 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), the rest ca. 7,5x10 cm (3 x 3 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. Most photos with period manuscript captions in German on the mounts; manuscript title on verso of the first free endpaper. Original period green cloth album, rubbed on extremities, and with minor waterstain on the lower corner of the front board. Some images slightly faded, a couple with some minor chipping, but otherwise a very good album.
This album includes a number of unusual images, compiled by a crew member of theGerman cruiser SMS "Seeadler" ("Sea Eagle") which had been commissioned in Southeast Asia and the Pacific in 1899. The album illustrates "Seeadler’s" service in 1905-1907, including its participation in the suppression of the Maji Maji Rebellion in the autumn of 1905. Five detailed photos show troops landing in Samanga, coming on board "Seeadler" at Kilwa; soldiers of the auxiliary troops and scouts on board ("Hillskrieger und Kundschafter des Landungskorps"); three photos show "Seeadler’s" torpedo exercises in Mikindani (Tanzania).
Over fifty images are dedicated to German East Africa and Zanzibar (then a British Protectorate), with interesting lively snapshots of Dar es Salaam (customs house, a wharf under construction, Tangaroni - a “native quarter,” a procession of chained prisoners, evangelical and catholic churches, a number of street scenes); Zanzibar (the Strand, Sultan’s palace, Zanzibar street car); the clubhouse in Tanga, construction of a railroad to Morogarro (Morogoro, Tanzania) et al. Several portraits of the locals include an interesting shot of “Ngoma-Majema” - locals preparing to a war dance; large images of Wahehe (Hehe) woman with child, several portraits of young native girls, including “Negerschönheiten” (“Black beauties”) and a striking portrait of a young half naked bike rider, titled “Eine schwarze Sportsdame in Dar-es-Salaam”.
There are also over twenty images taken of the German Pacific colonies including Pingelap (Micronesia), Jaluit (Marshall Islands), Yap and Pohnpei (Ponape) Islands (the Carolines). Interesting images include a catholic mission on Pingelap, governor’s palace in Ponape, coal station in Yap, scene of destruction on a coconut palm plantation after a typhoon in Jaluit, portrait of a German plantation owner from Yap with his native workers, et al. Other interesting images include a musical corps of the French Legion in Diego Suarez, panoramas and street views of Beira (Mozambique), railway station in Mahe (Seychelles), street view of Singapore, German cemetery in Tsingtao, Alfred Basin pier in Cape Town, a garden in Shanghai, view of the Northern Borneo et al. Several images show lively scenes of everyday life on "Seeadler", i.e. Sailors working on the ship’s bridge, paying to “Black boiler cleaners”, bathing, playing games in Port Mahe (Sportfest) et al.


[Photograph Album Titled:] Zur Erinnerung an Meinen Aufenthalt in Deutsch-Suedwest Afrika. [In Memory of my Stay in German-South-West Africa].

[Namibia], 1906-7. Folio. 25 stiff card leaves. With 104 gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca, 13x18 cm (5x7 in). Period olive gilt titled cloth boards. Front bottom hinge with minor split, and several photographs with various degrees of fading, otherwise a very good album.
With an ownership inscription on the inside front cover. The images include several by the photographer Fellhauer who captioned and dated his images in negative. The images include scenes from Windhuk to Swakopmund and the territory in between (central western Nambia) and also several images of indigenous peoples (Ovambo and Herero) are included. The images were taken during the height of the Herero and Namaqua uprising, which "took place between 1904 and 1907 in German South-West Africa (modern day Namibia), during the scramble for Africa.
On January 12, 1904, the Herero people, led by Samuel Maharero, rebelled against German colonial rule. In August, German general Lothar von Trotha defeated the Herero in the Battle of Waterberg and drove them into the desert of Omaheke, where most of them died of thirst. In October, the Nama people also rebelled against the Germans only to suffer a similar fate" (Wikipedia).


DRUMMOND, Augusta (1842-1908)
[Original Watercolour View of the Glendalough Monastery in Ireland].

[1871]. Watercolour on paper ca. 25,5x34,5 cm (9 ½ x 13 ½ in). Artist’s signature “A.D.”, slightly indistinct date and caption “Glendalough” in the lower corners. Traces of old mount on verso, minor foxing on the right margin, right lower corner slightly rubbed with the date faded, otherwise a very good watercolour.
Attractive watercolour view of the 6th century monastic settlement in Glendalough, 50 km south of Dublin. The artist depicts Glendalough’s famous stone arches, now covered with the overgrown grass and trees, and a ruin of the renowned Round Tower, here shown in its original state – before the reconstruction of 1876, when a conical roof was rebuilt with the original stones. The scene taken on a bright summer day features local peasants having a conversation near the arch. Full of light and air, it gives a wonderful impression of this medieval Irish Christian site.
The artist was Irish watercolourist Augusta Drummond, an acquaintance of renowned poet and artist Edward Lear (18121-1888). She was born in Kilberry, Kildare, Ireland to Robert Verschoyle and Catherine Curtis. On 5th July 1878 she married Captain Alfred Manners Drummond, nephew of 6th Duke of Rutland, Captain of the Rifle Brigade, discriminating art collector, acquaintance and client of Edward Lear. The couple had a honeymoon trip to India in 1878, and subsequently travelled to continental Europe and Australia; the travel impressions were realized by Augusta in a series of skillful watercolours. One of them depicting Tasmania and titled “Browns River near Hobart Town” is now in the collection of the National Library of Australia.


[Original Untitled Watercolour prepared for the “Graphic”, Titled]: "Combating the Difficulties of a new Route to Kumassi."

1 July 1899. Grisaille watercolour on cardboard, heightened in white, ca. 16x22 cm (ca. 6 ¼ x 8 ½ in), within hand drawn ink frame. Signed “F.C.D.” in watercolour in the left lower corner. Ink stamp “1 Jul 99” on verso. Mounted in a recent mat, overall a very good watercolour.
This captivating watercolour was published in “The Graphic” (# 1544, 1 July 1899, p. 8), as one of the four illustrations to "Railway enterprise in West Africa: With a surveying expedition to Kumassi”. The scene shows a European explorer on his way through the deep jungle of the “Dark” Africa, knee-deep in black mud and armed with a sword and a revolver. His white military uniform and pith helmet are shown in strong contrast with almost naked native porters, who are carrying heavy expedition supplies, including a surveyor's distance wheel.
The explorer shown was British railway engineer Frederic Shelford (1871-1943), who undertook the very difficult task of surveying the previously impenetrable jungle of the Gold Coast (Southern Ghana) for the prospective railroad from the gold mines of Tarkwa to Kumasi.
“The Graphic” described his expedition in these words: “We reproduce this week some sketches by Mr. Frederick Shelford, who has made many trips to some most outlandish parts of the African and American continents for the Colonial Office, seeking for desirable routes for the construction of light railways to open up and render accessible some of our beautiful and fertile, but very remote tropical possessions. <…> The sketches refer to Mr. Shelford’s latest exploration – namely, through the great West African forest belt to Kumassi, not by one of the well-known routes from the coast to the capital of Ashanti, but in a bee line from the Turkwa Gold Mines through unknown country, a journey involving a five weeks’ tramp of 360 miles. There being no road, and no native being found capable of guiding the expedition, Mr. Shelford had to pick his way through the forest by compass and such information as the few natives encountered were able to afford, and was compelled to follow bush hunters’ tracks densely overgrown and frequently knee deep in water and black, oozy mud.
Kumassi, so long a thorn in the side of Great Britain, was found now to be a smart up-to-date military station, with the only draw-back that a three-shilling bag of rice costs twenty-five shillings more to get there. There is a large fort, from which centre of the whole country for many scores of miles in every direction is administered by the British Resident, a post now ably filled by Captain Donald Stewart, C.M.G. <…> Mr. Shelford was accompanied during this trip by Dr. J.C. Matthews and sixty carriers” (# 1544, 1 July 1899, p. 7).


[Period Manuscript Copy of]: An Address from the [Principal] Inhabitants of Goree to Lieut. Colonel Chisholm.

Goree Island, 26 May 1816. Folio (ca. 32x20,5 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Legible handwriting in secretarial hand. Mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Farewell gratitude letter to Lieutenant-Colonel James Chrisholm (ca. 1765 - 1821) of the Royal African Corps who has been the Commandant of Goree for seven years. British garrison was quartered in Goree during the last British occupation of the island of 1800-1817 (French reoccupied the colony on 25 January 1817). The letter is signed by twelve citizens of Goree, mostly French (Reni Dupuy, Pierre Lapolicett, Cader Francio, Martin Terranjou, Armond Laport, James Bradley, Ja. Lanim, Nicolas Jonga, Jn. Baudin, Pierre Louis, Fs. Defontnoy, Pierre Jurpin, Mayor).
“It is with sincere regret we the undersigned being the principal inhabitants of Goree, learn that you are about leaving this island, we cannot in Justice to our feeling allow you to depart without offering our most grateful thanks for your fatherly care and constant attention to forward our welfare”. The letter praises “the great improvements you have made in this Island”, “the state of defence you put the garrison in when surrounded by the Enemy’s Ships of War”, “the impartiality and moderation of your decisions in the Administration of Justice” and notes that “the high state of discipline you have maintained over the Troops under your Command not only secured to us our Property, but kept the most perfect harmony between the Soldiers and all Classes of Inhabitants.”
“The Friends of the African Institution are greatly indebted to you for your in remitted Exertions in carrying their humane and liberal views into execution. As a token of our regard and gratitude we beg you to accept of few Gold Rings and wear them in remembrance of us”.
James Chisholm was a British army officer who served in the Guzerat and Upper Bengal provinces of India (since 1796). In 1807 he took part in the British attack on Buenos Aires. “In 1808 he was promoted to a majority in the Royal African Corps, with which he served on the coast of Africa, and, during a part of that time, as Commandant of Goree. While thus employed, he uniformly and determinedly opposed the abominable and inhuman traffic in slaves, many of whom he rescued from their oppressors, and restored to their families and to freedom. On his departure from the Island in 1816, the inhabitants of Goree, French as well as English, voted him a gold medal, and an affectionate address, as a flattering testimony of the sense they entertained of his services, and as a mark of gratitude for the zeal with which he watched over the safety and interests of the Settlement. The Reports of the Royal African Institution contain abundant proofs of his cordial exertions in favour of the unhappy natives of Africa…” (Obituary/ Gentleman’s Magazine. February 1822. P. 182).


[Photo Album of 124 Original Photographs of Greece and Turkey Titled:] "Voyage du Korrigan 1885. Grece, Turquie."

1885. Large Oblong Folio (33x49 cm). 124 albumen photographs mounted on 83 stiff card leaves. Larger photographs 21x26 cm (8 ½ x 10 ½ in) and smaller ones 14,5 x 10,5 cm (6 x 4 in). Photographs captioned in French in manuscript on mounts. Many additionally captioned in negative and many of the Turkish ones signed P. Sebah in negative. Period black half morocco with black pebbled boards, gilt titled on front cover. Extremities slightly rubbed but overall a very good album of generally good strong images.
This large and impressive album of a Mediterranean voyage on the schooner "Korrigan II" owned by Pierre-Augustin-Joseph de Montaigu includes beautiful views, portraits and archeological finds from Greece and Turkey including images from Athens (16), Greeks in local costumes (8), Greek archeological finds (17), Argos, Kalabaka (9), Trikkala, Constantinople and environs (27), Turks in local costume (42) etc. Many of the Turkish images are from the photographic firm started in Constantinople in 1857 by Pascal Sebah (1823-1886) which "was one of the most prolific studios in the Orient in the 19th century" (Jacobsen p 269-70). "Sebah's photographs of the period are among the best productions by a commercial photographer, and no doubt the silver medal he won at the Exposition Universelle of 1878 for his highly praised Egyptian photographs was well deserved" (Perez p.222).


HERBER, John. [Attractive well executed Pencil Portrait of Edmund Hillary, the First Man on the Top of Everest, Autographed by him].

Ca. 1953. Pencil drawing on an album leaf, ca. 25x35,5 cm (9 ¾ x 14 in). Hillary’s ink signature on the left margin. With a pencil drawing of a rugby player and fifteen signatures of the Canterbury rugby players on verso. Recently matted. A very good drawing.
Captivating pencil drawn portrait of world-known New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary (1919-2008), created not long after his famous first ascent of Mount Everest on 29 May 1953. Together with Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay, Hillary became the first climbers known to have reached the summit of Everest. They were part of the ninth British Expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt.
The portrait was drawn by New Zealand artist John Herber who in the 1950s and 1960s created a series of drawings portraying notable personalities of the day. Each portrait was later sent to the person depicted with the request to autograph it. Our portrait shows Hillary in his expedition parka, with a captivating smile, and is signed “E.P. Hillary” on the left margin.
The verso of the portrait is an interesting illustration in the history of the New Zealand rugby. It is dedicated to the game between the Canterbury and Springboks teams during the 1956 Springboks tour (21 July 1956, Lancaster Park Stadium, Christchurch). Canterbury won 9:6. There is a pencil drawn portrait of a Canterbury player, and signatures of fifteen players who took part in the game (K. Stuart, R. Smith, A. Elsom, M. Dixon, S.K. Henderson, S.G. Bremner, P. Vincent, N. Roberts, J. Buxton, R. Duff, S.F. Hill, H. Burry, W.J. Whineray, D. Young, E. Hern).


[Album with Forty-Six Original Photographs of India and Ceylon].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Small Quarto (18x25 cm). 25 leaves. With 46 silver gelatin prints (6 of these are duplicates), each 11x16 cm (4x6 in), many with contemporary manuscript captions on verso. Period gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth boards. Rebacked in period style, mounts slightly foxed, some images mildly faded but overall a very good album with good clear images.
The images are uniform in format and non-commercial. The photographer was likely a missionary as several of the photographs deal with missions. The photographer documents a wide area from the Khyber Pass to Peshawar, Simla, Delhi, Agra, Ratnapura, Lucknow, Cawnpore, Kotla, Megnanapuram and across to Ceylon.
The images include: A house at Palamcottah, Residency at Lucknow, Kandy, a church in Peshawar, a missionary group with camels, Batala, a house in Colombo, tea plantation, Avisawella, the Kutub, Delhi, Khyber Pass, a desert fortress, church at Megnanapouram, Gates, Courts of Justice, Agra, Mrs Kember's Mission House, Palamcottah, scene in Ceylon, Tamarind tree, Megnanapouram, Sacred elephant in the Temple, Tinnevelly, Forts, Agra, house in Hatton, Ceylon;,scene at Ratnapura, tomb at Old Delhi, Girls at Cotla Mission School, Cotla School boys, tea plantation, Amritsar, Mission House, Lucknow, Cawnpore monument to massacre, church at Cawnpore, burnt down in the Mutiny, Peshawar church, monument in the Residency grounds, Lucknow, Himalayan scene (Simla, Darjeeling), ruins of Delhi Gate at Lucknow etc.


28. [INDIA]
[Collection of Forty-Four Original Photographs of India, with Views of Temples, Mosques and Palaces in Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Bombay, Fatehpur Sikri, Benares, et al.].

Ca. 1870. With forty-four albumen prints ca. 16x20,5 cm (6 ¼ x 8 in), mounted on original leaves, disbound from an album. All but three images with the studio’s blind stamp “Frith’s series” in the left lower corners, more than half captioned in negative. Over twenty with additional period manuscript captions on the mounts. Some mounts with minor tears and chipping on extremities, several images with creases, but overall a very good collection.
Attractive collection of classical architectural photos of India from the studio of Francis Frith, mostly known for his views of Egypt and the Middle East, as well as for his extensive archive of photos of over 7000 British towns and villages, “the only nationally important photographic archive of its kind still in private hands” (
Sharp and detailed, the images show some famous examples of the ancient Hindu and Mughal architecture in India: Delhi (the palace, Qutub Minar tower, mosques of Jama Masjid and Moti Masjid, tombs of Humayun and Mirza Jahangir, Alai Darwaza gateway et al.); Agra (the gateway and mausoleum of Taj Mahal, Sikandra, zenana in the Agra Fort, Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb et al.); Lucknow (Qaisar Bagh complex, the Residency, Asfi mosque of the Bara Imambara complex, gate of the Hosseinabad Bazaaret al.); Bombay (stone carvings in the Elephanta and Ellora caves et al.); Fatehpur Sikri (the palace, Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti); ancient Hindu temples of Benares and Bendrabund et al. Several photos give an excellent insight into 1870's India, i.e. Panorama of Bombay taken from Mazagaon Fort, pyramids of cotton sacks loaded in the Cotton Green suburb of Bombay; a bull-driven “Hackery”, or a view of Delhi taken from the top of Jama Masjid. Overall a very good collection.
Francis Frith“is noted for his studies of the Middle East and for establishing the largest photographic publishing firm in the 19th century. He was one of the founder-members of the Liverpool Photographic Society in 1853 and he exhibited portraits and landscapes to much critical acclaim. He made three trips to Egypt and the Holy Land between 1856 and 1860.<…> Although Frith was not the first European photographer to visit Egypt, his work was wider in its geographical scope and more systematic in its coverage than that of, for example, Maxime Du Camp. Frith photographed most of the key monuments several times, combining general views with close studies of their significant details and broader views of their landscape environment. The clarity of his images proved to be of immense value to archaeologists. The photographs are also often powerfully composed, revealing an understanding of the poetic qualities of light that gives them lasting aesthetic value.
Frith’s earlier experience as a printer proved useful in the commercial exploitation of his photographs. They were exhibited widely, sold through print dealers and issued in serial form to subscribers. In 1858-60 he published Egypt and Palestine Photographed and Described by Francis Frith, the first of a series of magnificent albums containing mounted albumen prints accompanied by letterpress commentaries. In 1862 he also produced a limited edition of The Queen’s Bible, illustrated with his photographs of the Holy Land. He had set up his own publishing firm in Reigate in 1859 and he specialized in picturesque scenes for the rising tourist market. <…> Through his shrewd exploitation of the picture postcard the firm quickly became the largest of its kind in the 19th century. The business remained in the Frith family after his death and was wound up in 1971. Material salvaged from the premises was later reissued as the Francis Frith Collection” (Ray McKenzie; Grove Art Online).


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Eleven Original Watercolour Views of Saigon, Bangkok and Scenes of Everyday life in French Indochina].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; seven larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Watercolours mounted on ten period watermarked laid paper leaves. Mounts slightly soiled and stained, but the watercolours are bright and in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a skilful amateur artist, a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. The earliest watercolour in the collection, dated 1877, is a view of Bangkok. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


Attractive Lacquered Album with 112 Original Photographs of Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore and Hawaii Taken During an Around the World Trip Titled]: "Around the World, 1900."
1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 32,5x41 cm). With112 gelatin silver prints of various size mounted on 21 stiff card leaves, including 10 large images, ca. 25,5x29 cm (ca. 10 x 11 ½ in), and three large colour photos, ca. 20x26 cm (ca. 8x10 ¼ in). Manuscript ink captions on the mounts. Original lacquered Japanese album with leather spine, marbled paper endpapers, all edges gilt. Rebacked in style, boards slightly rubbed and neatly repaired on the corners, minor foxing of the endpapers, otherwise a very good album.
The album includes photos taken by a British traveller during a trip around the world, dated 20 March - 31 August 1900. The author left London in the beginning of March on the P.& O. Steamer Arcadia and proceeded to Port Said and Colombo, where he changed to the R.M.S. Chusan for Hong Kong. After calling at Penang and Singapore he arrived to Hong Kong, and visited Canton and Macao. Then he proceeded to Japan, arriving to Kobe on 4 May and travelling around the country until the end of June. On 20 June he left on S.S. “Futami Maru”, calling at Manila, Samoa, and Hawaii. One of the last photos dated 31 August 1900 shows the Niagara Falls.
The images of Japan comprise the majority of the album (63) and include views of Yokohama harbour, Tokyo (Kameido shrine, private house owned by certain Englishman Milne et al.), Kiga, a series of images of the Nikko shrines with the “celebrated Red Lacquer Bridge”, Eaimitsu temple, Karamon gate, bronze Torii, “Avenue of criptomenia trees”, botanical garden et al. Interesting in the image of the “fish flags” waving in Nikko during the Tango no Sekku or the Boys Holiday – “the idea is that as the fish swims against the stream, so may the boy ‘swim’ through life”. The author also took a series of photos of a temple procession in Nikko, with a picture of “3 gold shrines, 75 men to carry each. These are not allowed to be photographed”. Other images shows street musicians, small tea houses and hotels, Kyoto geishas, Nagoya Castle, Nara City et al. Three colour photos show Lake Hakone and Mount Fuji. The album opens with a self portrait of the compiler shown mounted on a horse, with his guide Hirakata, at the Otome Toge pass where “one gets a magnificent view of Fujiyama”.
A series of interesting photos of China include view of the Hong Kong harbour with the building of the Club, “the Queen’s road” and monument to the Queen Victoria in Hong Kong, view of Macao taken from the hotel ‘Boa Vista’, several dreadful images of execution of pirates in Canton, native boats crowded on the Canton river, a portrait of the travelling party at the palace of “Li Hung Chang” (Li Hongzhang, 1823-1901, a noted Chinese politician) et al. The beginning of the album numbers 14 views of Port Said, Colombo, Penang and Singapore, with street views, native boats with painted eyes in the bows, diving boys, and islands near Singapore which “we were passing nearly all day & each one seemed more beautiful that the last”. In the end of the album there are over a dozen photos of Manila, Samoa and Hawaii with large views of Honolulu, scenes of “Cricket at Apia”, portraits of natives, Hawaiian dancers et al.


LIND, J[ames](1736-1812)
[Original Sepia and Ink Watercolour View of Anjouan Island in the Indian Ocean, Titled on Verso:] Island of Johanna from the Anchoring Ground May 1766. Signed in ink "J. Lind Delit" in the lower right corner.

1766. Mounted on larger sheet of laid paper with a hand coloured border ca. 13.5 x 29cm (5.5 x 11.5inches). Recently matted, with a small minor stain on right upper margin, otherwise a very good watercolour.
This early and historically important watercolour shows a view of a settlement and its harbour with two native boats.
Anjouan which also known as Ndzuwani or Nzwani, and historically as Johanna is an autonomous island, part of the Union of Comoros. The island is located in the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Mutsamudu which is most likely the settlement shown in the watercolour.
The artist was a physician, who "went out as surgeon in an East Indiaman in 1766 and visited China. In 1768 he graduated MD at Edinburgh, and his inaugural dissertation, on a fever in Bengal in 1762, was published at Edinburgh in 1768..., Thomas Pennant was indebted to Lind for the true latitude of Islay, and for a beautiful map of the isle, from which he derived his measurements (Tour to the Hebrides, 1790, 262). Lind accompanied Joseph Banks on his voyage to Iceland, in 1772. He reported several astronomical observations to the Royal Society, London, and a paper by him was read there in 1775.., In 1792 Joseph Banks recommended Lind as a useful member of Lord Macartney's embassy to the emperor of China" (Oxford DNB).


EVANS, Charles (1918-1995)
[Two Typewritten Letters Signed by Charles Evans, the Leader of the 1955 British Kanchenjunga Expedition, on Official "Kanchenjunga Expedition 1955" Letterhead, and Addressed to the Manager of the Swiss Watchmaking Company Baume & Mercier, with a Carbon Copy of the Answer].

1955. Three letters, 28, 29 & 31 December 1955. Two Quartos (ca. 25,5x20 cm) and one letter with the blank lower margin cut off, ca. 17,5x20 cm. Each 1 p. Two letters on printed blue letterheads of the Kanchenjunga Expedition, signed by Charles Evans; the letter by Baume unsigned. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good collection.
An interesting collection of three letters about the supply of the 1995 British Kanchenjunga expedition with chronometers. Charles Evans, the expedition leader, writes to L.C. Baume, the head of the London branch of Baume & Mercier watchmaking company, saying that he had received Baume’s offer to supply the expedition with watches. Evans declines the offer with regret since he had already agreed to take wrist watches from Rolex and “to regard them as our exclusive suppliers.” Nevertheless he would like to have “alarm of travelling clocks, which that company does not supply” and which “do not come under this agreement.” In his reply written the next day L.C. Baume says that “apart from electrical timing systems and industrial clocks, I can only supply ordinary wrist and pocket watches, sundry stop watches and navigational instruments. I do not manufacture either alarm or travelling clocks but if you have any difficulty in obtaining some of these, I could no doubt get some for you.” He also wishes Happy New Year and a success expedition to Evans and all other members.
“Charles Evans was John Hunt's deputy leader on the 1953 British Mount Everest Expedition which made the first ascent of Everest in 1953. With Tom Bourdillon, he made the first ascent of the South Summit, coming within three hundred feet of the main summit of Everest on 26 May 1953, but was forced to turn back. Everest was summited by their teammates Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay three days later, on 29 May 1953. Evans was the leader of the expedition which first climbed Kangchenjunga, the world's third highest peak, in 1955. He served as the Principal of the University College of North Wales (now called Bangor University), from 1958 to 1984. He was President of the Alpine Club from 1967 to 1970” (Wikipedia).


[Album with Sixty-Three Original Photographs Including Twenty-Six Original Very Early Photographs of Diamond Mining in Colesberg Kopje (Later the Big Hole, Kimberley)].

Ca. 1870. Folio (ca. 30x24,5 cm). 35 stiff card leaves (16 blank). With 26 albumen prints of various size (two identical), including one large folding panorama of Colesberg Kopje ca. 9,5x40,5 cm (3 ¾ x 16 in.), ten large images ca. 13x19,5 cm (5 ¼ x 7 ½ in) or slightly smaller, four panoramas ca. 7x20,5 cm (2 ¾ x 8 in.), and eleven small photos ca. 6x9,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¾ in.). One image signed in negative “H. Gros.” With 37 small period private photos. Original dark violet full sheep album with raised bands and gilt tooled borders; moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Album rubbed and worn on extremities, hinges with cracks; some images slightly faded. Overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of early historically important photographs of diamond mining in Colesberg Kopje, now known as the Big Hole of Kimberley – one of the largest open mines excavated by hand. The album relates to the fist years of the Colesberg Kopje diamond rush in the 1870s, when a camp of tens of thousands of diggers spread around the hill in less than a year. The album contains several excellent images of the mine, showcasing its depth and infrastructure, including a large folding panorama overlooking the mine with its wooden ladders and wire nets on the surface, and the tent camp town in the background. A large photo shows half naked native mine workers, with shovels and buckets; two white miners are standing on the left. Three nice panoramas show the tent camp town around the Kopje, with bull carts, prospectors, and native workers; there is also a nice street view of the first wooden settlement, with grocery shops and the sign of the “Vine Hotel” clearly seen in the foreground. Two group portraits show a party of well dressed white prospectors or business owners, posing next to a tent with a label of “F. Edglington & Co., 52 Old Kent Road, London”. There are also images of white settlers posing in front of the stone houses, apparently one of the first in the area.
Nine small photos show humorous posters dedicated to the life on the mine and titled “How they do it in Colesberg Kopje”. Among the topics touched are: “The Pleasures of travelling in the disputed territory,” “Our “admirable” post office,” “The season,” “Native Labour” et al. The album also contains 37 period family photos, including cabinet portraits of family members and images taken on Madeira and St. Helena. Overall an important photo collection of the beginnings of diamond mining in South Africa.


34. [MALTA]
AGIUS, H[oratio] (1844-1910)
[Album with Twenty-Two Original Photographs of Malta & One loose Image of the R.M.S. Himalaya [With] Twelve Mounted Chromolithographic Bull Fighting Scenes].

Cospiqua-Malta, ca. 1884. Folio (38x28 cm). 30 leaves. Twenty-two albumin photographs mounted on twelve leaves. Most photos ca. 20.5x26 cm (8x10 in). Also, one loose photo ca. 15x28.5 cm (6x11 in) of the R.M.S. Himalay a with part of lower mount missing and twelve mounted chromolithographic bull fighting scenes, J. Arias, Sevilla. Period style gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with dark olive cloth boards. Mounts mildly foxed, otherwise a very good album.
Horatio Agius worked in Malta from (ca. 1860 to 1900) and exhibited his photographs in London 1866. Eighteen of the photos are signed H. Agius and these generally strong unfaded images include views of: Maltese costumes, English, German and French Curtain, Armory, Governor's Palace, Auberge de Castille, General View Great Harbour, Royal Theatre, St. John's Church, Gate of Citta' Vecchia, General View of Floriana, Fort St. Angelo, Saluting Battery & Customs House, Entrance of the Great Harbour, Strada Reale, Landing Place Mar.


A Collection of the over 100 Bound-up Original Ordinances, issued by the Government of Mauritius during the years 1857 - 1867.

[Port Louis], 1857-1867. First Edition. Folio. The original ordinances are printed on beige and blue paper. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and a recent black gilt label. Recent rebacked in style, otherwise a very good collection of ordinances.
A collection of very rare early Mauritius printings. The collection includes ordinances which cover topics like Indian immigrants, rivers and canals, asylums, sugar exports, marriage, paper currency, public roads, vacant estates, taxes, police force, health care, postage and postal service, courts, royal college and schools, transfer of land, harbours and ports, railways, custom duties, warehouses, poor relief, banks, prisoners, tobacco, quarantine, vagrants, bankruptcy, hospitals, distilling liquor, opium, death sentences, introduction of dogs etc.., "Mauritius was captured on 3 December 1810 by the British under Commodore Josias Rowley. Their possession of the island was confirmed four years later by the Treaty of Paris (1814). French institutions, including the Napoleonic Code of law, were maintained. The French language was at that moment still used more widely than English.
The British administration, which began with Robert Townsend Farquhar as governor, was followed by rapid social and economic changes. One of the most important events was the abolition of slavery on 1 February 1835. The planters received a compensation of two million pounds sterling for the loss of their slaves which had been imported from Africa and Madagascar during the French occupation" (Wikipedia).


36. [MOSCOW]
[Collection of Eight Stereo Photo Views of Moscow].

Moscow: Zuccalmaglio Photographie, ca. 1880s. Eight pairs of stereo view photographs, albumen prints ca. 6,5x6 cm (ca. 2 ½ x 2 ¼ in) mounted on original cards. Four mounts with the photographer’s blind stamp; all but one – with period manuscript captions in French on verso. Mount mildly soiled, but overall a very good group.
Interesting early stereo views of Moscow by a local photographer. The images include a general view of the Kremlin, and close-up views of its famous sites: Ivan the Great Bell Tower, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, part of the Kremlin wall with the Spasskaya Tower, and Monument to Minin and Pozharsky. Other photos show Mokhovaya street with part of Moscow University and the Manezh, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior (demolished in 1931 and completely rebuilt in the 1990s), and the Moscow Orphanage on the Moskvoretskaya Embankment (captioned “Maison des enfants-trouvés”).


[Photo Album of 26 Original Photographs of Nikko, Japan].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (28x38 cm). 26 leaves. 26 large photographs ca. 20,5x26 cm (8 x 10 ¼ in) mounted on 26 stiff cardboard leaves. All photographs numbered and captioned in negative, 15 photographs with custom made labels with type written text. Period brown gilt lettered half morocco with cloth boards neatly rebacked and re-cornered in style with new endpapers. Overall a very good album.
The album includes early large photographs of the main sites of Nikko, a mountainous resort approximately 140 km north of Tokyo, which became especially popular among foreign visitors in the end of the 19th century. "In 1890 first railway connection to Nikko was provided by the Japanese National Railways, which was followed by the Tobu Railway in 1929 with its Nikko Line" (Wikipedia). Nowadays Nikko is also a popular destination for Japanese and international tourists, famous for its ancient temples, tombs of great Japanese shoguns Tokugawa Ieyasu and Tokugawa Iemitsu, the Futarasan Shinto Shrine and numerous hot springs. The shrine of Nikko Tosho-gu, Futarasan Shrine, and a Buddhist temple complex Rinno-ji now form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikko (Wikipedia).
The photographs show Hatsuishi Street (numbered 1197), the Sacred Bridge (748) leading to the Futarasan Shrine, Manganji Garden (1129 and 1132), and a large group of views of the Tosho-gu Shrine. The latter includes pictures of several gate: Ishidorii (740), Yomeimon (715 and 729), Karamon (733), Niomon (716), Torii (709), Eaimitsu (427); views of Five-storied pagoda (757), Eaimitsu temple (702), tomb of Iyeyasu shogun (710, 711, 714); a sculpture of Three Wise Monkeys (1052), stone lions of Tobikoye Shishi (1145), Korean bronze lantern (358), lavish wall carvings (761), buildings of Koro (739), Futatsudo (1147), Kaguraden (1210), Mizuya (713), an alley with stone idols (807) et al.


[Album with Ninety-seven Early Photographs of Northern Nigeria Including Images from Trenchard’s 1907 Expedition Which Includes some of the Earliest Images of the Tiv (Munshi) People].

Ca. 1901-1906. Oblong Quarto (ca. 24x31 cm). 67 gelatin silver prints ca. 8x10,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 in) or slightly bigger or smaller mounted on 21 stiff card leaves. Manuscript ink title on the first mount, and several manuscript captions at the beginning of the album. Leaves all edges gilt, rebacked recently in red strait grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and moiré endpapers using the original boards. Images with different degrees of fading, but overall still a very good album.
Important Interesting collection of early photos of Northern Nigeria taken shortly after the British Northern Nigeria Protectorate (1900-1914) had been established. The most interesting images relate to Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Trenchard’s expedition to the interior (1907-1908) during which he became the first white man to come into contact with the Tiv (Munshi) people. The images show the expedition’s heavily loaded native carriers crossing a village, a river, a grassy plain; several images showing the process of building a bridge in Nigerian wilderness. Photos captioned ‘Munchis’ some of the earliest images of the Tiv people. Other images include scenes of public sport competitions in Lokoja (1902), portraits of native dancers in masks, interesting shots documenting the stages of native house construction, a photo of a white man being carried by natives in a palanquin, et al.
“The Tiv are the 4th largest ethnic group in Nigeria.., The Tiv came into contact with European culture during the colonial period. During November 1907 to spring 1908, an expedition of the Southern Nigeria Regiment led by Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Trenchard came into contact with the Tiv. The expedition consisted of only four officers, an interpreter, 25 men and three machine guns. Trenchard brought gifts for the tribal chiefs. Subsequently, roads were built and trade links established between Europeans and the Tiv” (Wikipedia).


RICH, Edmund Tillotson, Colonel, C.I.E., R.E. (1874-1937)
[Unique Extensive & Historically Important Photograph and Document Archive of Edmund Rich, Summarizing his Service as the Official Surveyor of the British Colonial Forces in the North-West Frontier in 1905-1909, and Containing Excellent First-Hand Accounts of the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns of 1908, as well as a Detailed Survey of the Khyber Pass for the Planned Kabul River Railway and of the District between Malakand, Swat River and Dir.
The Archive Includes Four Photographs Albums with over 500 Original Photographs; A Custom Made Volume of Bound Orders, Reports, Maps, Telegrams, Autograph Letters, Newspaper Clippings etc. related to the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns; as well as 19 Loose Documents related to the Bazar Valley Expedition and Kabul River Railway Survey.
The collection is supplemented with a typewritten obituary of Rich, titled “Colonel E.T. Rich. Indian Frontier services”, and his photograph portrait in the uniform of the lieutenant of the Royal Engineers taken in the beginning of his service].

The collection includes:
Photograph album with the printed title 'Views of the Bazar Valley Field Force, 1908. Photographed by Captain E.T. Rich, R.E.' Peshawar: Mela Ram Photographer, [1908]. Oblong Folio (ca. 28x37,5 cm). 25 card leaves (numbered from 1 to 24). 63 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly two or three to a page; detailed printed captions pasted onto mounts. Map of the Bazar Valley printed on the rear paste-down endpaper. Original red cloth album.
Very rare Peshawar imprint. Collection of the official photographs illustrating the Bazar Valley Campaign (13 February - 13 March 1908) under command of General James Willcocks. The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Khaibar Pass, Chora, Walai, China, Halwai, Miscellaneous; and include large panoramas of the Bazar Valley, Walai camp, China; battle scenes, photos of destruction of Zakka Khel fortifications; portraits of soldiers at bivouac, sepoys in trenches, staff of the Bazar Valley Field force et al.
The album is supplemented with eleven loose documents related to the Bazar Valley Campaign: seven mimeographed copies of General Willcocks’ field orders (12-28 February 1908) and four autograph signed letters to Rich: from the Surveyor’s General Office (Calcutta, 9 February 1908) and from the Office of the Frontier Services (Dehra Dun, 13, 14 February, 4 March 1908).
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views of the Mohmand Campaign 1908 taken by Captain E.T. Rich R.E.' Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 24 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 33), tissue guards. Ca. 127 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The images give an invaluable first-hand account of the Mohmand Campaign (24 April-28 May 1908), showing British military camps, troops on the march, command post (General Willcocks and his staff), war correspondents (Lionel James from “The Times”); burning Mohmand villages and destroyed fortifications, jirgas (assemblies of elders) et al. There are also several interesting photos of the working survey team under Rich’s command, and some vivid snapshots, showing British soldiers “Bathing at Mulla Killi”, or “the swords of the 21st cavalry being sharpened at Shabkadar just before the Expedition started”. Nineteen images at rear are inserted as a memorial to Rich's younger brother, John Easton Rich (1879?-1907), Captain of the 2nd Battery of the Royal Field Artillery who died at Kirkee (Khadki, India). The photos show his hunting trophies, regiment, house and grave in Kirkee, et al.
Custom Made Volume of Bound Orders, Reports, Maps, Telegrams, Autograph Letters, Newspaper Clippings etc. with the printed title “Despatches, Views etc. of Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns 1908”. Folio custom made half cloth folder with marbled paper boards (ca. 37x27 cm).
Includes: copies of field orders and official despatches, Rich’s survey reports, maps (including those cyclostyled by Rich in the field), relevant extracts from the Gazette of India, original photo of Rich with his survey team taken during the Mohmand Campaign, autograph letters and telegrams of congratulation on Rich's mention in the official despatches, and his brevet, newspaper clippings et al.
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views of the Khyber Pass, N.W. Frontier of India, taken chiefly by E.T. Rich when surveying there 1905-1909’. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 26 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 52), tissue guards. Ca. 176 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Peshawar Plain and Jamrud; Khyber Pass from Jamrud to Torkham; Kabul River, Smatzai and Dakka (Afghanistan); Shilman Valley and Mullagori Road; Types of Tribesmen and Personal. Interesting images include a group photograph portrait commemorating the visit of the Prince and Princess of Wales to the Khyber Pass in 1905; photos from the Emir of Afghanistan’s visit to Peshawar in 1906; Jamrud fort and railway station, caravans near Ali Masjid fort, “A railway camp on the Kabul River, 3 miles from Warsak”, large panoramas of the Khyber pass in summer and winter, remote parts of the Kabul River et al. Over 30 photos at rear are vivid “Snapshots of E.T. Rich at work and play”.
The album is supplemented with seven loose documents related to the survey of the Kabul River Railroad: typewritten copy of Rich’s report of the survey results “Note on alternative Alignments proposed for the K.R.R.”, a draft of Rich’s letter to his superior with the analysis of his expedition; three telegrams with instructions from the India Survey office in Shimla, autograph letter with instructions from the Chief Engineer’s Office of the North Western Railway (Lahore, 8 May 1906); and a handwritten menu of a luncheon held in Landi Kotal on 4 December 1905 (on the printed form with the coat of arms of the Northwestern Province).
Photograph album titled in manuscript 'Views in Malakand, Swat & Dir Photographed and Compiled by Captain E.T. Rich, R.E.' [1905-1909]. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x41 cm). 26 card leaves (numbered on both sides from 1 to 48), tissue guards. Ca. 185 gelatin silver prints of various size, including panoramas, mounted mostly four or five to a page; detailed manuscript captions on the mounts. With folding manuscript map on linen mounted at rear. Original black half roan album with green pebbled cloth boards.
The photos are placed in the following order (as in the Index prepared by E. Rich): Peshawar plain, Abazai to Dargai; Malakand; Chakdara Fort; Swat Valley; Swat River Gorge and Agra; Chitral Road from Chakdara to Dir. Manuscript ‘Index map’ mounted at rear delineates the area of survey and marks the spots where photos were taken. Interesting images include frontier forts (Abazai, Malakand, Chakdara et al.), stations of the Nowshera-Dargai narrow gauge railway, river bridges, roads, wide-angle mountain panoramas, group portraits of the natives, surveyors with their instruments, British officers, their field camps et al. Last 13 photos depict the 1909 ‘Jehangira manoeuvres’ under command of General Willcocks which Rich took part in as the official photographer (images of the British troops, firing cannons, breaches in the Afridi fortifications, General Willcocks with staff, visiting ladies including Lady Willcocks et al).
The album is supplemented with a large folding linen backed map titled by Rich “Frontier near Mardan. 1 inch map carried by E.T. Rich in 1909[?]-1908, showing his survey for that year in red”.
Edmund Tillotson Rich was a British military engineer and surveyor, Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He graduated from Sandhurst with the Pollock Medal and was gazetted as 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. In 1895 he went out to India and was posted to railway survey work in Burma. In 1905-1909 Rich worked as survey officer on the Indian North-West Frontier, and took part in the Bazar Valley and Mohmand Campaigns of 1908 (as a divisional and a chief survey officer respectively). During the latter he was slightly wounded and for his services was promoted brevet-major. In 1911 Rich was appointed the head of the survey office on the Burma frontier post at Myitkyina, where he carried out the survey of the border with Tibet and Yunnan. In 1916-1917 he was in charge of the survey party looking for the alternative routes between Bandar Abbas and Kirman in South Persia; in 1918 – in charge of the North West Persia Survey Detachment which accompanied British intervention in the Caspian under command of General Dunsterville. Rich carried out important surveys in Baku, Batum and Tiflis.
After the WW1 Rich returned to Burma where he became the head of the Burma Circle of the Survey of India. In 1920-22 while surveying the unadministered territory between Burma and Assam he encountered slavery and human sacrifices still practiced there; in 1925 he took part in the Sir Harcourt Butler’s Mission to the Hukawng Valley to suppress slavery. Rich retired with the rank of Colonel and C.I.E. In 1929.
“Colonel Rich was a great linguist, and besides his knowledge of Urdu, Pushtu, and Persian, he was able to converse in Yunnanese and several dialects of Burma – Kachin, Maru, and Lisaw. <…> He was a keen explorer throughout his career and did much to encourage a spirit of adventure in younger officers who served under him” (Obituary/ The Geographical Journal, Vol. 91, No. 1 . Jan. 1938, p. 96).


40. [PARIS]
[An Attractive Unsigned Watercolour of the Statue of Étienne Marcel by Antonin Idrac next to the Hôtel de Ville].

Ca. 1885. Painting ca. 26x37 cm (10 x 14 ½ in) mounted on larger card. Overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
This attractive impressionistic watercolour show a lively people filled Quai de Hôtel de Ville with the Statue of Étienne Marcel and Hôtel de Ville to the right and the Seine embankment on the Left. "Étienne Marcel (between 1302 and 1310 – 31 July 1358) was provost of the merchants of Paris under King John II, called John the Good (Jean le Bon). He distinguished himself in the defense of the small craftsmen and guildsmen who made up most of the city population" (Wikipedia).


SFER, Antoin. Photographic Album. Views of the Holy Land by Antoin Sfer, Jerusalem. [Forty-two Large Photographs and a Small one Loosely laid in].

Jerusalem, ca. 1890. Oblong Small Folio (26 x 35cm). [i] pp. 42 albumen photographs mounted on 22 stiff card leaves. Photos captioned, numbered and Signed "Bonfils" in negative, each ca. 22.5 x 28 cm (9 x 11 inches), with a small photograph of an Arab horseman laid in. Original publishers carved with inlays wooden boards with a gilt tooled morocco spine and gilt printed title page. Signs that three leaves may have been removed but overall the album is in very good condition with strong sharp images.
This attractive album has strong images including views of Jaffa - Channel, barque, market; Ramallah; Jerusalem (29) - train station, Mount Zion, Church of the Holy Sepulchre (7), Pool of Hezekiah, St. Anne's Church, Tomb of Omar, the Rock, the Pulpit of Cadi, El-Aksa Mosque, Mosque of Omar, The Golden Gate, The Garden of Gethsemane (2), the Tomb of the Virgin, Valley of the Tombs of Jehoshaphat; Tomb of Lazarus at Bethany, Bethany; Bethlehem - Cave of the Nativity, Scene of the Good Samaritan, Convent of St. Elias, Jericho, Jordan river, Dead Sea.
Maison Bonfils was started by Paul-Felix Bonfils (1831-1885) in Beirut in 1867 and was "to become one of the most successful photographic businesses in the world. They photographed most of the important sights in the Middle East and their views were widely distributed"(Jacobsen p. 216). Bonfils' "stock had variety enough to please all and ranged from classical landscapes and biblical scenes to ethnographic portraits and subtly erotic images of Oriental men and women. A close examination of Bonfils photographs reveals quite clearly that Felix had a different eye than the others, and at least in the beginning, a more naive and less commercial approach to image making" (Perez p. 141).


Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes. Publicação Mensal Redigida sob a Direcção da Associação Maritima e Colonial [Maritime and Colonial Annals: Monthly Publication Issued under the Direction of the Maritime and Colonial Association].

Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional, 1840-1846. First Edition. Octavo, 6 vols. With a total of thirteen lithograph maps, plans and charts (twelve folding, three in color), nine lithograph plates (seven folding; one large), and one large folding table, plus many tables in the text. Handsome period maroon and brown gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled and papered boards. Bound in a similar but not quite uniform style. Vol. 2 bound without a title page. A couple of plates with repairs and markings of removed old adhesive tape, a couple of places of mild foxing, two volumes with slight cracking of hinges but holding. Overall a clean very good set.
Complete, with 103 issues in 6 vols. 533, [3], 12; 583, [5]; 346, [2], 641, [2]; [1 – t.p.], 409, [2], [1 – t.p.], 455, [2]; 235, [1], 512, [2]; 56, 135 pp.
A complete set (103 issues) of the first and only edition of this important Portuguese periodical dedicated to navigation, geographical exploration and colonial issues, and published by the Associação Maritima e Colonial in Lisbon. The materials include important original articles on the Portuguese colonies in Africa (Angola and Mozambique), India (Goa), China (Macau), Indonesia (Timor and other islands, e.g. Solor); official documents by the Portuguese government regarding maritime and colonial issues, as well as current statistical information from the colonies; first publications of the accounts of Portuguese voyages of exploration (e.g. In the Central Africa); interesting archival documents regarding Portuguese voyages and discoveries from the XVth century onwards and many others.
The collection includes three lengthy articles serialized through many issues: one is on the Portuguese colonies in Asia, including Macau and Timor, one on Portuguese explorations in the interior of Africa (diary of Dr. Francisco Jose de Lacerda e Almeida), and one on Portuguese colonies on the west coast of Africa (Angola). Other articles are dedicated to the Solor Island (Indonesia), Mozambique, the trade with the Malay Archipelago, the priority of Portuguese explorations in the Northern and Central Africa; problems of Christianisation and public education of the population of the Portuguese colonies et al. There are also accounts of the most important international expeditions of the time, e.g. Dumont-Dourville’s travel to the Antarctic (1837-40), Dupetit-Thouars’ circumnavigation of the frigate Venus (1836-39), Canadian Arctic exploration by the Hudson’s Bay Company vessels, the US Exploring Expedition in the South Pacific in 1838-40 et al. The publications also include texts of international anti-slavery treaties, documents on exports and imports, articles on the latest navigation techniques and machines, e.g. Steam ships, et al.
The charts are aimed at helping sailors to navigate in difficult ports, and show the harbors of Lisbon, Goa, Quellimane (Mozambique, hand coloured), Dilly (Timor), Mossamedes (modern Namibia, Angola) and Lobito (Benguela province of Angola); there are also folding plans of the city of Goa, a Portuguese fort in Pungo an Dongo (Angola); a topographical chart of the National Forest of Leiria (Portugal) and others. Plates include two views of the rapids de São Salvador da Pesqueira on the river Douro (Portugal) – before and after the works which removed the rapids and made the river navigable at this point; a nicely executed large folding view of the façade of the famous ruin of St. Paul’s Cathedral in Macau, a reprint of a document in Chinese, a draft of a vapour vessel, a statistical table of the population of the Portuguese Goa and others.
Volume I contains 11 issues and a supplement (pp. 529-33), followed by an index (3 pp.), as described in Fonseca, and "Estatutos da Associação Maritima" (12 pp., paginated separately), which is not mentioned in Fonseca. In volume II, there are 12 issues. Volumes III, IV and V each contain 24 issues: 12 in the "Parte Official," 12 more in the "Parte Não Official." In volume VI, only 4 issues each of the "Parte Official" and "Parte Não Official" were published. Fonseca calls for only 1 folding plate and 3 maps in the "Parte Não Official" of volume III, where this copy has 3 plates and 4 maps. Fonseca also fails to mention the single leaf preceding the text in both "Partes" of volume IV.
Innocêncio I, 72; Sabin 1577a.


43. [RIGA]
SCHULZ, Carl Anton (1831-1884)
Leporello Photo Album of Sixteen Original Photograph Views of Riga Titled: "Album Riga."

[Riga, ca. 1880s]. Oblong Octavo (ca. 11x19 cm). Sixteen albumen prints mounted on card, including four double-page panoramas ca. 8,5x35 cm (ca. 3 ¼ x 13 ¾ in), and 12 views ca. 8,5x16,5 cm (ca. 3 ¼ x 6 ½ in). All images with period manuscript ink captions in German on the mounts, some – with manuscript pencil commentaries in English. Original brown publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and decorative pictorial vignette on the front cover. One panorama with a minor scratch on the left part, several leaves detached from each other, but overall a very good album with strong bright images.
Attractive album of early photographs of Riga issued by the local photographer Carl Anton Schulz, whose “Photographisch-Artistisches Atelier” was located at Nikolai Boulevard, 3. All images, bright and sound, have period - apparently the publisher’s - ink captions, written in German on the mounts. Some photos are also supplemented with interesting pencil notes in English, most likely made by a British tourist travelling around the Baltics at the time. The photographs not only give great artistic view on the architecture of 19th century Riga, but also show many of its inhabitants: bourgeois pedestrians, cab drivers, port workers, clerks et al.
The panoramas show Riga harbour with the Old city meeting the Daugava River crowded with fishing boats and trade vessels; an overview from the balcony of the Riga theatre (now Latvian National Theatre), with a commentary in English: “fortifications made into gardens & moan into canal, old Town left, new Town right”; “Der Bastei Boulevard”; and the Daugava River with the pontoon- and railway bridges, the latter built in 1871-1872 “by English engineer”. The street views include photos of the stock exchange building (now the Art Museum Riga Bourse), Ritterhaus (now housing the Latvian Parliament), the Powder Tower (Der Pulverturm) with “English cannon balls” stuck in it, Alexander Boulevard, Kalkstrasse (with an antiquarian bookshop shown on the right), Elisabethstrasse, Landstrasse, buildings of the Lomonosov and Krons gymnasiums, Riga customs house, gas company et al.
“Carl Anton Schulz was born February 21, 1831 (d. 1884) and was schooled as an artist. His sons also joined him in his photography business - Oskar, with a studio in Libau (Liepāja, Latvia); Arthur, in Dorpat (Tartu, Estonia); and Eduard in Riga - the pictures of scenes of Riga from the late 19th and early 20th century attributed to C. Schulz's studio were taken by Eduard. Their photographic atelier exhibited at the Exposition Universelle of 1900 in Paris, and at the 700th anniversary of Riga exposition in 1901 - for which their studio produced the lithographed flyer” (Center for Baltic Heritage on-line). Schulz was known for his album of Latvian views titled “Livländische Schweiz” (1880s).


44. [SAIGON]
Photograph Album of Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) with Fifty-Four Original Photographs.

5th August 1892. Oblong Folio. 19 leaves. With 22 photographs ca. 21x27 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) and 32 photographs ca. 21x17 cm (8 ½ x 6 ½ in) all captioned in French ink manuscript. Period maroon cloth boards rebacked in style with matching red gilt tooled morocco spine. Mounts a little dusty and some very mild minor marginal water staining. First image with a corner chip, otherwise a very good album.
With the inscription on the rear free endpaper: "Ames Parents. Souvenir de Cochinchine, Libourne, le 5 Aout 1892 Edouard M." The strong images of this interesting album show the Governor's residence, a punishment scene, notable Siagonese personalities, an Saigonese family and girls, the botanical garden, Mytho church, Chinese temple, bridge in Cholon, buffalo, Chinese soup merchant, Lieutenant Governor's residence, naval barracks, Ministry of the Interior, fruit merchants, local housing, main post office, war ships in the port, rue Catinal, customs house, statue of Gambetta, the city park, statue of Francois Garnier, Boulevard Charner, statue of Admiral Rigualt de Genouilly, the arsenal, the cathedral, and including several views of Cambodia including the Royal Palace in Phenom Penh.
"Conquered by France in 1859, the city was influenced by the French during their colonial occupation of Vietnam, and a number of classical Western-style buildings and French villas in the city reflect this" (Wikipedia).


[Manuscript Leaf from the Sequence of the Gospel of Saint Mark in a Book of Hours, with a Beautiful Illuminated Miniature Showing St. Mark with his Winged Lion].

Central or Northern France, probably Bourges, early sixteenth century. Single leaf, manuscript on vellum, written area ca. 15,7x10,5 cm (ca. 6 1/8 x 4 1/8 in); miniature size ca. 6,2x9,8 cm (2 3/8 x 3 ¾ in). Text in Latin for the use of Rome. Recto with 13 lines, verso with 23 lines. Text in brown and red ink, recto with a three-line initial in red and white on gold ground with a floral decoration; the text and miniature on recto within two gold frames with red pen work. Very lightly toned, small remnants of adhesive on verso. Mild water stain on the lower margin slightly affecting the text and causing mild creases; otherwise a very good leaf with a bright intact miniature.
This leaf from the second part of a Book of Hours – Gospel Sequences – opens the Sequence of the Gospel of Saint Mark. The text traditionally starts with the lines from its 16th chapter (Mark 16:14-20) regarding Christ sending his apostles on their missionary way: “In illo tempore. Recubentibue Undecim discipulie apparuit illie resue et exprobravit…”. The Sequence opens with a half-page miniature featuring St. Mark writing his Gospel and accompanied by his winged lion sitting at his feet. St. Mark is shown in blue and red gown with gilt decorations.
The studious setting around him reveals the artist’s great attention to details: St. Mark’s large armchair with decorative legs designed like lion’s paws; stone walls with arches and pottery in a niche, multi-coloured floor tiling and an open window showing blue sky and a tree. The apt use of perspective, as seen in the floor tiles, and the bold use of color and gold create an impressive impact for such a small miniature. The miniature and text are framed in gold and red, and the initial features fine floral design.
The other text on the leaf is from the Sequence of the Gospel of St. Matthew – according to the traditional structure of Books of Hours it is the second chapter (Matthew 2:1-12) narrating Christ’s Nativity.
Overall a fine leaf with a beautiful bright miniature.


[Album with Thirty-five Original Photographs of the Second Boer War, Showing the Main Boer Military Commanders, Battlefields, Artillery and Everyday Life of British Prisoners of War in a Camp near Pretoria; Supplemented with Seven Group Portraits of the British Officers and Residents in India].

Ca. 1899-1900. Oblong Folio (ca. 24x30,5 cm). 35 gelatin silver photographs, including 26 larger ones ca. 15x20,5 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in), and 9 smaller ones ca. 12x18 cm (4 ½ x 7 in) mounted on 20 stiff card leaves. Photos either signed, dated and captioned in negative, or with typewritten captions mounted underneath. With five large and two small group portraits taken in India in 1897-1898 (mounted at rear). Rebacked recently in red half morocco using the original cloth boards, leaves with all edges gilt, and with gilt tooled spine and moiré endpapers. Some images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
Important collection of original photographs of the Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902). The album was evidently compiled by an officer of the First Battalion of the British Army Gloucester Regiment which saw active service during the war, in particular during the Battle of Ladysmith (30 October 1899) and the consequent Siege of Ladysmith (30 October 1899 – 28 February 1900).
The album contains a number or portraits of distinguished Boer leaders and military commanders, including Petrus Jacobus Joubert (1834-1900), Lucas Meyer, Louis Botha (1862-1919), Daniel Jacobus Erasmus (1830 - 1913), General Snyman, and Pieter Arnoldus Cronjé (1836-1911). Five important photographs show 155 mm Creusot Long Tom field guns which were used by Boers during several war operations – in this case, during the Sieges of Ladysmith and Mafeking. The photos show one Long Tom being unloaded at a railway station and transported to Ladysmith, and another gun in action, being used by the people of Pieter Arnoldus Cronjé at Mafeking. Another impressive photo shows Boers at Mafeking posing next to a Maxim-Nordenfelt Gun. There is also a group of sharp collective portraits of different Boer commandos, including that of a “Hollander Corps O.V.S.” under command of Russian General Yevgeny Maximov (1849-1904); and the trenches of Boksburg Command at the Battle of Colenso (15 December 1899).
Several photographs of the war areas include a general view of Elandslaagte (after the famous Battle of 21 October 1899), Nicholson’s Kop (one of the grounds of the Battle of Ladysmith), Pretoria Commando camp at Laingsnek; images of bridges and railways destroyed with dynamite (across Wasbank river and Tugela river) et al. Later photographs show “Raising of British flag in Pretoria” (5th June 1900), and a monument to the Gloucester Regiment men fallen at the fight near Rietfontein and the Siege of Ladysmith. There is also a group of good images showing everyday life of British POW in Waterval war camp near Pretoria. Many photos in the album were taken by important local studios, both Boer (J. Van Hoepen, Stoel & Groote) and British (Spratt Photo, Barnett & Co).
The album starts with a collective portrait of the officers of the Gloucester regiment’s 1st battalion taken in Ladysmith shortly before the war (29 September 1899). The seven photographs at the end relate to the regiment’s early service in India and include both official and family portraits.


[Manuscript Account of Silver ("Prata Lavrada") Received in 1720 from Brazil, India, and Macao]: Relaçao da prate lavrada, marcos de patacas, patacas, Barras e Pineaz[?] que namoncao do anno prezente de 1720 <…> Brazil, India e Macao.

Ca. 1720. Folio (ca. 30,5x21 cm). Brown ink on laid paper, text in Portuguese, written in secretarial hand. Mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine document.
Interesting colonial manuscript registering the amount of silver received from the Portuguese colonies of Brazil, India, and Macau in 1720. Pataca was the name the Portuguese used for the Spanish peso, worth 8 reales (hence known in the English-speaking world as a "piece of eight"). Because it was so frequently minted in Mexico, the Pataca was eventually also known in Portugal as Pataca Mexicana. Rather than being minted like a proper coin, each Pataca was a lump of silver of a specified weight (27.468 g), flattened and impressed with a hammer. Although they were useful for tallying amounts so the government could take its cut, Patacas tended to be irregularly shaped, hence ideal subjects for clipping or counterfeiting.


[WILLOUGHBY, Avarilla]
[Eight Very Attractive Original Watercolours of Seventeen Spanish Costumes].

[Warwickshire?], ca. 1829-31. Folio (ca. 39,5 x 25 cm). Five leaves of Whatman paper watermarked “1821” with three large drawings directly on the leaves, and five smaller mounted drawings (ca. 15,5x15,5 cm and 12x7 cm or slightly smaller), all in pencil, ink and gouache. Period ink captions in French and English, dated 1829-31. Period style red straight-grained half morocco with gilt tooled spine and marbled boards and endpapers. A very good collection of watercolours.
Charming collection of eight colourful watercolours showing seventeen costumes of the Spanish county of Aragon, including Vallée de Gistain (de Chistau), Valle de Broto and Riviere de Broto. Details are shown in a masterly manner; the gouaches show peasants, musicians, a mountain shepherd, a water bearer, a woman with a child, and even a contrabandist from Gavarni with a gun. Apparently (from a note which was included with other items from this estate) drawn by Avarilla Willoughby after she was 46 for her affectionate daughter Cecilia.


[A Portfolio of Twenty-one Large Original Photographs of a German Tobacco Plantation near Medan in Sumatra, 1888 Titled:] “Erinnerung an Sumatra."

May 1888. Large Folio (50x40 cm). Portfolio with 21 original albumen photographs with 19 larger ones ca, 27 x 36 cm (10.5 x 14in.) and slightly smaller, one image in duplicate. Many captioned in German in ink on mounts. Two photo are smaller group portraits each ca. 17x22,5 cm (7x9 in). Period brown decorative gilt titled cloth portfolio. With mild wear at extremities, mild foxing of photograph mounts, and some corners with minor chipping and wearing of mounts, but overall a very good collection of strong photos.
This portfolio documents photographically the tobacco plantation of the Bekalla Estate, Deli, Sumatra O.K. The strong images show a tobacco warehouse, the plantation, surrounding hills, the plantation owners' house with European staff (several named), "Bekalla River" running through the estate, house of the local chieftain with locals outside, group portrait of locals, process of tobacco sorting in a factory, group portrait of plantation leadership, tobacco plants, group portraits of workers, inside of Jacob Weil's house, an inside view of a veranda etc.., The Bekalla Estate was in the Deli Serdang Regency, in Northeastern Sumatra, surrounding the city of Medan. "Medan did not experience significant development until the 1860s, when the Dutch colonialists began clearing the land for tobacco plantations. Medan quickly became a center of government and commercial activity, dominating development of Indonesia's western region" (Wikipedia). The present portfolio documents the development of such a tobacco plantation.


[Large Folding Hand Drawn and Coloured Plan of Mineral Concessions in Swaziland, Titled]: General Plan Showing the relative positions & boundaries of the Mineral Concessions in Conflict with Mineral Concession № 44, Swaziland. Scale 400 Cape Rds = 1 inch.

Ca. 1880. Ink and watercolour on parchment ca. 80x95,5 cm. Ink drawn title and the plan’s legend in the left lower corner. Parchment with mild yellowing in the central area, otherwise a very good plan.
Important documentary evidence illustrating the notorious “concession” period in the history of Swaziland. The plan gives a detailed layout of the numerous claims on the mineral resources in the western Swaziland made by a group of British and Boer entrepreneurs. The main purpose of the plan is to ascertain the borders of the mine concession № 44, which is marked as belonging to “T. Shepstone”, or Theophilus (Offy) Shepstone. Younger son of a noted South African statesman Sir Theophilius Shepstone (1817-1893), Offy was a resident adviser and agent to the Swazi king Mbandzeni in 1886-1889 and took an active part in the concessions to white settlers of different background.
The plan details the area between the Little Usuto (Lushushwana) and Umbeloos (Umpilusi) Rivers in northwestern Swaziland (modern Nhohho district). It marks the territories of over 10 concessions belonging to Elisha King, L. Albu and Davis, A.H. Neumann, David Purcocks, William Bird, G. Halle, David Forbes, Charles Lennox Stretch, J.G. Pullen, Hemerson & Forbes and others. Borders between the lots are outlined in colour, with blue lines marking grounds not claimed by Shepstone, brown lines showing undisputed borders, and red, yellow and green – disputed territories belonging to other owners, but claimed by Shepstone.
The settlements shown on the plan include Mbabane, the present capital of Swaziland, marked as “Mbabane Township” on the bank of Mbabane River, and several kraals scattered across the region: Didmi, Mbabanes, Embekelweni Hanskraal et al. The plan borders on the northwest with the Transvaal Colony and with the Great Usutu River and its tributary Umtuchan on the south. Other topographical landmarks shown include tributaries of the Little Usuto (Motjan, Tambono, Impaca, Umtilaan) and Umpilusi Rivers; waterfalls on the rivers; roads, a store in the Transvaal colony on the border with Swaziland, and three peaks used as a basis of the topographical survey: Mshange (3960 ft), Nyonyan (3580 ft) and Kalagalame (3670 ft).


[Album with 137 Original Photographs of the Trinitarian Mission in Jilib, Somalia].

Ca. 1910-1924. Folio (ca. 37x20 cm). 50 grey card leaves (27 blank). With 137 gelatin silver prints, the majority (123) of postcard size, the rest are from ca. 14,5x10,5 cm (5 ¾ x 4 ¼ in) to ca. 8x5,5 cm (3 x 2 ¼ in). Twenty-one photos with period manuscript captions in black or golden ink starting with: “Somalia Italiana. Gelib”. Ten photos with period ink manuscript text or inscriptions on recto or verso; two with French and Italian postal stamps dated “1924”. Original light green cloth album with two elaborate art nouveau metal vignettes on the front cover. A number of leaves with minor damage, about a dozen photos faded and with minor creases or losses on the corners, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting eye-witness account of the early years of the Trinitarian Catholic Mission in Gelib (Jilib), Southern Somalia. Compiled by mission member, the album shows a small, but well maintained settlement with a church and a main mission’s house, surrounded by a native village. The missionaries dressed in robes with distinctive Trinitarian red and blue crosses, are shown with children from the missionary school, while giving medical help to the locals (with one image showing a well equipped medical cabinet), working in fields, building wells, making mud bricks, visiting villages and even exploring the environs on a bike. The photos also show local villages and their inhabitants - farmers, shepherds with cows, Arab soldiers, elders, women with babies and numerous children, playing around or in the mission yard where swings had been constructed for them. There are also photos of the neighbouring Jubba River, and of a mosque in Jilib. Two images show the grave of the mission’s founder Father Leandro dell’Addolorata (1872-1906); there is also a portrait of a missionary with Princess Hélène d'Orléans (1871-1951), Duchess of Aosta, who visited Jilib during her travel to Africa in the 1910s.
The album was apparently compiled by a French member of the mission, some Padre Ludovic Richard, whose notes and comments present on seventeen photos and postcards from the album. The notes were addressed from “P[adre] Ludovico” to “Monsieur Antoin Richard” (apparently his brother), and dated 1918-1924, starting with the notes from Italy and finishing with letters from Jilib. P. Ludovic gace some comments on the mission’s affairs and named several missionaries present on the photos.
The Catholic mission in Jilib was opened in 1905 by Father Leandro Dell’Addolorata, a member of the Trinitarian religious order dedicated to liberation of Christians held in captivity. The main goal for the Trinitarian mission in Jilib was the protection of the local non-Muslim population of Bantu origin. Father Leandro “argued that most people living in the Jilib area declared themselves Muslim in order to strengthen their free status. <…> For several years, the Trinitarian fathers, an order dedicated to the defence of slaves, were prevented from entering Somalia by the Italian government, which feared that their activities would lead the Muslim population to rise in revolt. This prohibition adds weight to Father Dell’Addolorata’s suggestion that the people living along the Jubba River were not Muslim; he endorsed the idea that evangelization was feasible” (The Invention of Somalia/ Ed. By Ali Jimale Ahmed. The Red Sea Press, 1995, p. 194-195). The Trinitarian mission in Jilib went under the jurisdiction of the Apostolic Prefecture of Benadir (later Diocese of Mogadishu) in 1924. After the beginning of the Somali civil war its state is unknown.


[Collection of Ten Original Unmounted Photographs of Northern Vietnam, Including Views of Haiphong, Hanoi and Kilua Village near Langson].

Early 1900s. Ten unmounted gelatin silver prints, ca. 18x13 cm (7 x 5 in). All but one with manuscript pencil captions in French on verso. Two images with small marginal tears, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting photo collection showing the northern Tonkin province of French Indochina, taken and annotated by a French traveler (during the same period he was also in the Yunnan province of China). The images include two scenes taken on the bank of the Red River in Hanoi, with lascars loading salt in woven baskets; a photo of convicts paving a boulevard in Haiphong’s colonial quarter; a scene of punishment of convicts in front of a line of soldiers, with French officers in charge. Three images were taken in the north Vietnamese village of Kilua near Langson, and show Kilua’s market, workers constructing a house in Kilua vicinity, and “Ban-Loy-Ku, chief of the congregation in Kilua, in costume of a Chinese mandarin.” There are also portraits of Vietnamese servants, including a photo of them having a meal, with a Frenchman posing in the background.


[Fascinating Manuscript Account of the Travels of Two Englishmen to the Crimean Battlefields, Thirty Years after the Crimean War, Illustrated with Superb Humorous Ink Drawings]: Yarn and the Major Visit the Crimea. 8 August 1883 – 6 April 1884.

Quarto. 136 pp. Brown ink manuscript on watermarked laid paper. With forty-nine original drawings and three sketch maps in text. Period green moiré cloth boards rebacked with light brown half sheep with gilt lettered title on the spine. Bookplate of John Duck on the first pastedown endpaper. Very good journal.
Interesting historical commentary of the events of the Crimean War, compiled almost thirty years after the war’s end. This travel journal is written in a witty and humorous manner narrates two British gentlemen’s travels to Crimea in summer 1883 during which they visited the famous battlefields of Inkerman, Sevastopol and Balaklava. The manuscript consists of eight chapters, with four of them titled: “Sebastopol” (Chapter 4), “Inkerman” (Chapter 5), “Sebastopol. The pleasure garden” (Chapter 6), “The Malakhoff Redan, the Cemeteries & Balaklava” (Chapter 7). The full names of travellers remain unknown, but they call each other “Johnnie”, “Yarn” or “Commodore”, and “Jack” “Mayor” or “Kanard”. Their notes and observations of the Crimean sites reveal a good knowledge of the history of the Crimean War: with names and dates being remembered quickly and several referrals to Kinglake’s monumental “The Invasion of the Crimea” (London, 1863-1887, 8 vols.) which they regret not to have with them.
Thus, at the site of the Battle of Inkerman: “they thought of the cold drizzly rain, the damp obscuring fog, the dismal features & gloomy surroundings of that never to be forgotten morning in November 1854 <…> though the minds of both passed visions of the fighting soldiers of the 41st, the 49th, 77th, 88th & the other meager battalions brought up to confront the enemy, <…> visions of the Guards in the Sandbag Battery as they fought tooth & nail against the dense mosses of the grey coated Muscovites; of the advance and death of the gallant Cathcart, of the grim humour of Pennefather & the antique heroism of Lord Raglan” (p. 68-69).
In Sevastopol the travellers were surprised to that the city still remained in ruins: “there were houses along the route here & there, evidently not very ancient, but the rest of the town was simply one mass of ruins. All was a roofless chaotic mass, broken columns, walls half or wholly down, & the debris of what were once stately buildings scattered about in all directions. <…> with the exception of the sunken ships having been raised & the entrance to the harbour cleared, very little appears to have been done” (p. 50-51).
The Malakoff Kurgan “was a natural hill fortified by art, and though its ditch, its riveted slopes, scarp & counterscarp; its banquets, its terrepleine & ramparts were somewhat ruined by explosions, & thirty years of neglect had jumbled up its shape & caused its lines to be [?] & confused; though grass & wild flowers now overran its ramparts, & as if in mockery at man’s work held up their humble heads & flourished in the sunshine, yet the modern fortification was plainly visible” (p. 91). The travellers got some bullets and fragments of shells picked from around the Malakhov by a farmer whose house was nearby.
The Malakhov Redan “was scarcely distinguishable as a Fort, being simply a mound with little or nothing in the shape of masonry about it, tho’ the general outline of the work & its ditch could be traced. From here it was at once seen that the Malakoff was the true Key to the position.” It was here that they found the collection of unburied bones, which provoked comments on death and the circle of life.
Furthermore, during the course of their travels they talk about the Crimean Tartars (p. 54), St. Vladimir’s Cathedral, which they called “the Church of the four Admirals” (M. Lazarev, V. Kornilov, V. Istomin, P. Nakhimov); Count’s Landing (Grafskaya Pristan) with notes about Count Vorotsov, spend an evening in the Sevastopol pleasure garden, are surprised to discover that there is a railway from Sevastopol to Moscow; pass the Korabelnaya Storona and see the ruins of the Russian “Karabel Barracks”
Visit the British Cemetery, read inscriptions on the graves, one being of Brigadier General Goldie killed in the battle of Inkerman – a monument to him had been seen by the travellers on the Isle of Man
Additionally they constantly get into funny incidents because nobody understands English, and barely speaks French; examples include: Enjoying the Crimean wine (p. 26-27); Tea drinking: The tea was served in glasses, with a slice of lemon in it. It was a trifle different to our ideas of tea, which are always associated with tea cups & so on, no one took cream, but everyone just put as much sugar in his glass as he thought proper (p. 37); Humorous description of buying the Russian cigars; Refresh with vodka in a small hotel in Balaklava which reminds them of Bourbon etc.
Overall all an interesting lively account illustrated with evocative drawings.


[Anonymous Large Original Photograph Panorama of Vladivostok].

Ca. 1890s. Large folding albumen print panorama ca. 24x74 cm (9 ½ x 29 ¼ in), dissected in two parts and mounted on original card. Unsigned. Beautiful sharp strong image, this panorama is in near fine condition.
Beautiful panorama of downtown Vladivostok looking east, with the Golden Horn Bay and numerous naval and commercial ships on the right, and Eagle’s Nest Hill on the left. The central part of the panorama shows a perfect overview of the city’s downtown core – the conjunction of Svetlanskaya and Aleutskaya Streets, with busy commercial and residential developments. Among the buildings shown are: Vladivostok Dormition Cathedral (completed in 1899, destroyed by Soviet government in 1938); rails and cars of the Trans-Siberian Railroad in the foreground; newly built bank offices; city wharfs with administrative buildings et al.


[French Traveller's Photograph Album of West Africa with Fifty-Three Original Photographs].

French West Africa, ca. 1880. Oblong Small Folio (23x34 cm). 53 leaves. With fifty-three mounted albumen photographs each ca. 11x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in), many captioned in French in negative on image. Period black gilt titled half morocco with cloth boards. Rebacked in style, some images mildly faded, otherwise a very good album.
The images include: Ile de Goree, Ste. Marie de Bathurst "Gambie," Guinee Francais, Dakar, Conakry, Rio Nunez, Rio Pongo, Freetown, Sierra Leone and additionally many interesting ethnographical images of the indigenous peoples in these areas are included. The album covers the coastal areas between Dakar and Freetown which was at the time French, Portuguese and British colonial West Africa and today encompasses Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
"As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony, or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed "Military Territories". In the late 1890s, the French government began to rein in the territorial expansion of its "officers on the ground", and transferred all the territories west of Gabon to a single Governor based in Senegal, reporting directly to the Minister of Overseas Affairs" (Wikipedia).


[Large Folding Photograph Panorama of Windhoek, Namibia]: "Panorama von Gross-Windhoek."

Windhoek: Mertens & Sichel, ca. 1900. Oblong Octavo (ca. 18x22,5 cm). Large albumen panorama in five segments mounted on card, ca. 14,5x96 cm (5 ¾ x 37 ¾ in). Original publisher’s green half cloth album with red papered boards and silver gilt stamped title and publishers’ name on the front cover. Ink stamp of “4 Proviantkolonne. Kaiserl. Schutztruppe für Südwestafrika” on verso on the mount. Mounts slightly soiled, binding rubbed on extremities, with a minor tear on the top margin of the front cover, but the panorama is sharp and in very good condition.
Interesting early photo panorama of Windhoek published by the local studio of Mertens & Sichel, one of the oldest enterprises in Namibia. Large and sharp, the photo gives a great view of the beginnings of present-day downtown Windhoek. The Alte Feste fort is seen in the far right, and the newly constructed building of the High Court (Alte Bezirksgerichte) are in the centre; piles of bricks prepared for construction are seen in the foreground. According to the stamp on the mount, this copy derives from a library of a local division of the Schutztruppe – German Imperial armed force used in its colonies, including Southwest Africa. Overall a very good bright photo.


WISSMANN, Hermann von (1853-1905)

[Album with Twenty-Four Original Photographs from Hermann Wissmann’s Expedition to Lake Nyasa (Malawi) in Order to Transport and Launch his Namesake Steamer]: v. Wissmann’sche Seenexpedition.
Ca. 1891-1893. Quarto (ca. 30x22,5 cm). Six leaves. 24 gelatin silver prints ca. 9,5x14,5 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. Seven images signed and dated in negative “L.J. 91”; several also numbered. Period style brown full morocco with gilt lettered title on the front board. Mounts with mild water damage on the top margins, photos on the last page with chipping, but the rest of the images are strong and in very good condition. Overall a very good album.
This photo album documents the expedition to prepare and survey the route for transporting the German steamer "Hermann von Wissmann" via the Zambesi River to Lake Nyasa. In 1890 [the] single screw steamship christened SMS Hermann von Wissmann was built by the Hamburg Janssen and Schilinsky shipyard. It was built in sections in Germany then shipped to East Africa, transported overland and launched in Lake Nyasa in September 1893. The steamer was named after the German explorer Hermann von Wissmann who had raised funds for the vessel to be built in 1890 as an anti-slavery gunboat. Later after eleven years on Lake Nyasa it was captured at Liuli by the British in the first naval action of World War I. The interesting images in this album show the German expedition members, colonial German buildings, native helpers, inhabitants and settlements and finally Lake Nyasa. Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, W40; Wikipedia.


[Collection of Ten Original Unmounted Photographs of Yunnan, China, Taken by a French Official While on Service there].

Ca. 1900. Ten unmounted albumen prints, with eight ca. 17x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 in), one large photo ca. 24x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ¼ in), and one small ca. 16x10 cm (6 ¼ x 4 in). All but two images with manuscript pencil captions in French on verso. Some of the photographs are mildly faded but overall still strong and in very good condition.
A collection of large interesting images taken by a French official while on service in the Yunnan Province, Southwestern China in the early 20th century. The photos include a view of the exterior of “My Yamen [bureaucrat’s office] during the revolt of 1903” with armed guards at the entrance; two views of the mountainous countryside with pagodas and houses on the slopes of the hills (captioned “Montagne de Tchong-Chang et Pagoda de Tie-Fong-Ngan”); portraits of Chinese peasants and a monk sitting near a bell at the “Pagode de Yuen-Tong-Seeu”; images of a woman wedding costume, Chinese deities, et al. The apparent maker of the photos is featured on two images: on a group portrait taken during an official “feast in my Yamen” together with Chinese and French officials, and posing in a costume of a Mongolian hunter. Overall an interesting collection in very good condition.


59. ANDERSON, John (1795-1845)
Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in M.DCCC.XXIII, under the direction of the Government of Prince of Wales Island. Including historical and descriptive sketches of the country, an account of the commerce, population and the manners and customs of the inhabitants, and a visit to the Batta cannibal state in the interior.

Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood and T. Cadell, 1826. First Edition. Octavo. xxiii, 424 pp. With four folding engraved maps, eight engraved plates and a folding table. Handsome period style light brown elaborately gilt tooled full calf with a maroon gilt label. A fine copy.
"In February and March 1823 [Anderson] acted as agent for the governor of Penang in 'procuring engagements' from the sultans of Delly and Siack, and the rajah of Langkat, in Sumatra. He was also despatched to Perak and Selangor, fixing the state's boundary with that of Perak (Howgego 1800-1850, A10); "In 1819 Anderson was appointed deputy warehouse-keeper and Malay translator to the government, which latter post he retained until his retirement. In January 1823 he was dispatched on a three-month mission to the east coast of Sumatra with instructions to promise protection to the Sumatran chiefs and to discourage them from entering trading agreements with the Dutch. Distributing gifts of European chintzes and Indian muslins, Anderson was well received along the coast, and, ignoring his orders to abstain from formal political negotiations, agreed new or reinvigorated treaties with the sultans of Deli and Siak and the rajas of Serdang and Langkat, which the court of directors subsequently ruled invalid. In 1826 he published an account of his journey, Mission to the East Coast of Sumatra, in 1823, designed to alert British manufacturers to the potential market for their goods in Sumatra" (Oxford DNB).


60. ANDREWS, Mottram, Lieutenant-Colonel
A Series of Views in Turkey and the Crimea, from the Embarcation at Gallipoli to the fall of Sebastopol.

London: Thomas McLean, 1856. First Edition. Folio. With a lithographed pictorial title page, dedication leaf, subscribers' leaf, nine descriptive leaves and seventeen tinted views, two folding. Handsome period style maroon elaborately gilt tooled half straight grained morocco with cloth boards and original cloth cover title mounted on front cover. Several plates with repaired margins, not affecting printed surface, title and a few plate margins with some mild finger soiling, otherwise a very good copy.
Mottram Andrews served during the Crimean War (1853-56) as a Captain of the 28th Foot (North Gloucester) Regiment of the British Army; he retired and was promoted to an honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel on September 9th, 1855 (Colburn’s United Service Magazine. 1855, Part 1, p. 315). The 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot participated in the Battles of Alma (20th September) and Inkerman (November 5, 1854) of the Crimean War, as well as in the Siege of Sevastopol (October 1854 – September 1855).
The plates, executed, as noted on the title page, ‘with the latest improvements in tinted lithography’ show the views of war affected areas in Turkey – environments of Gallipoli and Varna, with a nice folding panorama of the lake of Devna; and the main battle grounds in Crimea – Balaklava, Inkerman and Sevastopol with the surroundings, including a large folding panorama of Sevastopol with its harbour. The interesting views show British encampments and weapon magazines, military barracks in the Korabelnaya harbour of Sevastopol.
Abbey Travel 238.


61. BAINES, Thomas (1820-1875)
[Large Coloured Lithograph, Titled]: "The Profile Cliff, Narrow Gorge and Torrent of the Zambesi below the Falls."

London: Day & Son, Oct. 4th 1865. Coloured lithograph on paper, ca. 30,5 x41 cm (ca. 12 x 16 ¼ in). Lithographed by E. Walker. Paper slightly soiled, minor tears and losses on the margins, otherwise a very good lithograph.
Plate #11 from Baines, Thomas: The Victoria Falls Zambesi River sketched on the spot (during the journey of J.Chapman & T.Baines). London: Day & Son, Limited, 1865. "These images stand as monuments to both the golden age of the British lithograph and also of African exploration. Frank R. Bradlow, writing in Africana Notes and News (June 1991, vol.29 no.6) notes that Baines' ''superb paintings ... Convey as much as is humanly possible. His evocative and accurate portrayals are even today regarded as the finest artistic portrayals of ... [the Falls]''(Bloomsbury Auctions).
"In 1861 [Baines] joined James Chapman on an expedition from the south-west coast of Africa to the Victoria Falls; he made a complete route survey, having been taught how to use surveying and astronomical instruments by Sir Thomas Maclear, astronomer royal at the Cape. He also collected scientific information and botanical specimens, the latter now at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and made many sketches and paintings, which were published as coloured lithographs in (1865)"(Oxford DNB).


62. BALBINUS, Bohuslav (1621-1688)
[Wartha/Bardo, Silesia]: Diva Wartensis, seu Origines, et Miracvla Magnae Dei, Hominúmqve Matris Mariae, quae à tot retro saeculis Wartae, in limitibus Silesiae, comitatúsque Glacensis, magnâ populorum frequentiâ colitur, Clarissima Miracvlis; Libris duobus comprehensa, & nunc primùm in lucem edita, impensis reverendissimi et amplissimi domini D. Simonis Abbatis Camencensis / authore P. Bohvslao Aloysio Balbino è Soc. Iesv. Cum facultate superiorum.

Pragae: Formis Caesareo-Academicis, 1655. First Edition. Octavo. 304, [8] pp. With a copper engraved title page, three plates (one folding), copper engraved coat of arms in text and numerous woodcut vignettes in text. Period full vellum with metal clasps, all edges coloured blue. Overall a near fine copy.
Rare first edition with only four copies found in Worldcat. Interesting description of the origin and history of the pilgrimage site (Saint Virgin Mary's) in Wartha (Bardo) on the Glatzer Neisse River (Lower Silesia, modern Poland). Balbinus’ first historical work “Diva Vartensis seu Origines et miraculas magnate Dei hominumque Matris Marie…” came out in 1665 and was dedicated to the Virgin Mary’s pilgrimage site on the border between Silesia and Kladsko county. This voluminous work (304 pp.) consisted of two books. The first book was more historical in nature, dealt with the history of Wartha, the local church and the statue of Virgin Mary. The second book told about miracles associated with the place. The book has become very popular and was soon translated into German. Later Balbinus wrote similar works about pilgrimage sites in Tuřanech and Brna and the statue of Virgin Mary near Svatá Hora” (Wikipedia).
“His entire life was a devoted to collecting and editing the materials of Bohemian history, and his researches have often been utilized by the Bollandists. He wrote over thirty works, the most important of which is "Miscellanea Historica regni Bohemiae" or "Miscellany of Bohemian History" (6 vols., Prague, 1679-87) in which he described the chief historical events of his native land, lives of prominent Bohemians, etc. He also wrote in Latin an "Apology for the Slavic and especially the Bohemian tongue". Balbinus was the first to edit the ancient vernacular chronicle known as the "Life of St. Ludmilla and Martyrdom of St. Wenceslas", a new edition of which was published in 1902 by Dr. Pekár and is by him held to be the text of the tenth century, and therefore "the oldest historical work written in Bohemia and by a Bohemian". Balbinus wrote also "De archiepiscopis Bohemiae" (Prague, 1682) and "Bohemia Sancta, sive de sanctis Bohemiae, Moraviae, Silesiae, Lusatiae" (ibid, 1682)” (Catholic Encyclopaedia on-line).
Bircher, M. Kat. Der Fruchtbringenden Gesellschaft, 1065a; Estreicher XII, 338f.


63. BEECKMAN, Daniel
A Voyage to and from the Island of Borneo, in the East Indies... Together with the Re-establishment of the English Trade there... Also a Description of the Islands of Canary, Cape Verd, Java, Madura, of the Streights of Bally, the Cape of Good Hope, the Hottentots, the Islands of St. Helena, Ascension &c. With Some Remarks and Directions Touching Trade.

London: T. Warner & J. Batley, 1718. First Edition. Octavo. [xiv], 205, [3] pp. With a folding copper engraved map of Borneo, and six other engravings, including an orangutan, a hippopotamus, a view of Christmas Island and two folding views and one chart of Bali. Period style brown gilt tooled full panelled calf with a red gilt title label. New endpapers and with some mild sporadic foxing but overall a very good copy.
"An unusually interesting and well-written volume of travels. On the way from Borneo the author visited the Cape of good Hope, and gives a lengthy account of the country and the Hottentots. In his description of Borneo he speaks of the "Oran-Ootan," the most remarkable animal there"(Cox I, p. 286); "The book was written to advance Beeckman’s ideas for trade with ‘the greatest island of all the Indian Seas’, and describes his 1713 voyage there in the Eagle Galley. This work includes the first European reference to the Indonesian orang-utan, which is depicted in one of the plates"(Hill 98); "Possibly the first dedicated description of Borneo in English; also contains a description of the Cape of Good Hope" (Howgego E8).


64. BEKE, Charles T[ilstone] (1800-1874)
A Lecture on the Sources of the Nile and on the Means Requisite for their Final Determination. Delivered in the Theatre of the London Institution, on Wednesday, January 20th, 1864.
[With] A Mounted Photograph (8.5 x 6 cm) of Mr. & Mrs. Beke ca. 1870 London: Ernest Edwards. With Six Pages of Loose Descriptive Text.

London: Board of Management of the London Institution, 1864. First Edition. Octavo. 35 pp. With three maps, one outline hand colored. Recent gray wrappers. A fine copy.
Very Rare publication as only three copies found in Worldcat. Published after Speke's 'Discovery of the Sources of the Nile.' In this lecture to the London Institution, Beke took issue with Speke's claim that he had discovered the source of the Nile. Beke's counter claims were based on Beke's knowledge gained during his previous journeys to the region. "Beke spent the years 1840 to 1843 travelling in Abyssinia, spending most of his time in the provinces of Shoa and Gojam. His governing concerns were to advance commerce; aid the suppression of the slave trade; and make further geographical discovery, with the elucidation of the sources of the Nile River as his goal.., In the 1860s Beke's lifelong passions again brought him into the public eye. He continued, by lecture and articles, and his Sources of the Nile (1860), to debate the geography of the Nile basin" (Oxford DNB).


65. BENTINCK, Lord William Cavendish (1774-1839)
[Autograph Letter Written when Governor of Madras‚ to Marquis Wellesley‚ Governor-General of India‚ Regarding the Reception of Lord Valentia During His Travels in India].

Fort St. George, 15 January 1804. 2 pp. Quarto bifolium (ca. 22,5x18 cm). Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, docketed on the top of the first leaf and on verso of the second blank leaf. Mild fold marks, traces of old mount on verso of the second blank leaf, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting letter regarding George Annesley, Viscount of Valentia’s travels in India in 1802-1806. Lord Bentinck, Governor of Madras (1803-1807, and later Governor-General of India) advises Marquis Wellesley that he has received his letter‚ transmitted by Lord Valentia and proceeds: “I trust that your Lordship will be convinced that during the progress of Lord Valentia through the territories of this Residency every public mark of distinction & respect so properly due to a person of Rank shall be shewn to his Lordship in obedience to your Excellency’s Commands.”
George Annesley, Viscount Valentia (1770-1774) travelled across India, Ceylon, the Red Sea region and Ethiopia in 1802-1806, accompanied by a noted artist and orientalist Henry Salt (1780-1827) as his secretary and draughtsman. Salt's paintings from the trip were used to the Lord Valentia's “Voyages and Travels to India” (London, 1809, 3 vols.).


66. BERGHAUS, Heinrich Karl Wilhelm (1797-1884)
Asia. Sammlung von Denkschriften in Beziehung auf die Geo - und Hydrographie dieses Erdtheils; zur Erklarung und Erlauterung seines Karten-Atlas Zusammengetragen. [Asia. A Collection of Articles relating to the Geo - and Hydrographic of this Continent..,].

Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1832-6. First Edition. Quarto, 7 parts in one. [viii], 94, [2]; [iv], 50; [vi], 114; [iv], 182; [iv], 48; [iv], 128 [4]; [ii], 42 pp. With one lithographed map of Syria. Period black marbled papered boards with a green paper title label in manuscript. Foot of spine with chipping of the marbled paper, but overall a very good copy.
The seven parts of this rare work include a cartographical analysis of India, the Persian Gulf, the Philippines, Assam, Bhutan, Syria, Arabia and the Nile, and the Himalaya. "Berghaus is most famous in connection with his cartographical work. His greatest achievement was the Physikalischer Atlas (Gotha, 1838-1848), in which work, as in others, his nephew Hermann Berghaus (1828-1890) was associated with him" (Wikipedia).


67. BOWERS, Alexander
Autograph Manuscript of a Detailed Report to "The Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce Glasgow," on Burma and the Sladen Mission sent from Mandalay to the Chinese Frontier to Establish "Overland Communication with Western China," with Detailed Descriptions of People and Places and on the Goods Available in the Region and the Trade Possibilities.

[Glasgow], ca. 1870. Quarto (ca. 25x19 cm). 32 leaves. Brown ink on beige wove paper. Text mainly on recto of leaves. With minor edge wear, very minor foxing and with small pieces of tape on left outer leaf edges, with corrections and additions in pencil and ink. Overall a very good manuscript.
In 1868, Edward Bosc Sladen (1827–1890) "was placed in charge of a political mission sent to the Chinese frontier to inquire into the causes of the cessation of overland trade between Burma and China, and to obtain information respecting the Shans, Kakyens, and Panthays. Leaving Mandalay on 13 January, he proceeded via Bhamo to Momein (Tengyue), the frontier town of the Chinese province of Yunnan, where he stayed six weeks, but was prevented from proceeding further by the disturbed state of the country. The mission reached Bhamo, on its return journey, on 3 September, having acquired much valuable information about an almost unknown country" (Oxford DNB). "The journey proved for the first time the navigability of the river beyond Mandalay, and charts were drawn up by Captain Bowers who accompanied the expedition" (Howgego, Continental Exploration 1850-1940, S39).
The present manuscript is a detailed report including the historical and political background with mentions of "the Panthay Rebellion (1856–1873), a rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other (non-Muslim) ethnic minorities against the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty in southwestern Yunnan Province"(Wikipedia) and the relationship between Burma and Western China. It includes details and findings of the Sladen expedition to Yunnan to explore re-opening ancient trade routes, descriptions of cities such as Talifu (the headquarters of the Mohammedan "Sultan" during the rebellion), and the influence of political and religious factors on trade and the workforce, with descriptions of goods traded (such as gold and cotton). Bowers describes the governor of the city and district of Momein ""Ja Su Kone?" [as] a man of most liberal ideas, and generous impulses was anxious to reciprocate trade relations with us, and entered heartily into a treaty of commerce with Major Sladen." Further, Bowers says of the capital of the Panthay's "Talifoo [Dali]," is described as a city of the first class, it is situated on the banks of an immense lake [Erhai Lake] or inland sea, and is the seat of the Panthay Govt., their King "Suliman the first" has his courts there, it is described as being 12 days march in "N" direction from Momein. The city has sixteen gates to it, and is about 3 miles long." Bowers descriptions of the people and places of this Burmese-Chinese border region is supplemented with much detail on the products and trade possibilities available there.


68. BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[PRAGUE: Panoramic Handcoloured Copper Engraving Titled:] "Palatium Imperatorum Pragae Quod Vulgo Ratzin Appelatur / Praga Regni Bohemiae Metropolis."

[Cologne], 1588. Handcoloured copper engraving ca. 6x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Later hand colouring but overall a very good engraving.
"This sheet contains two fabulous views of Prague, the ancient capital of Bohemia and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. The panoramic views are based on the drawings of Georg Hoefnagel. The upper view depicts the Archiepiscopal Palace, Hradcany Castle & St. Vitus Cathedral. The lower panorama shows the city from the southeast with the Josefske mesto (Josef's town or the Jewish quarter) left, Stare mesto (Old Town) & Nove mesto (New Town) at center. The famous 14th century Charles Bridge crosses the Vltava river to the Mala Strana (Little Quarter) on the right, with the Hradcany Castle perched on a hill overlooking the city" (Old World Auctions).
"Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia). Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world" (Tooley A-D, p.185).


69. BRINE, Lindesay, Commander, Royal Navy (1834-1906)
[CHINA: A Panoramic Signed and Dated Watercolour of Chefoo (Yantai) During the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)].

23rd June 1860. Watercolour ca. 23x38 cm (9x15 in) mounted on larger card. Overall a very good painting. Recently matted.
An attractive and skillfully executed pencil drawing heightened with watercolour. The artist, who entered the Royal Navy in 1847 was the author of "The Taeping Rebellion in China; a narrative of its rise and progress, based upon original documents and information obtained in China" (London: Murray, 1862). This watercolour was made on the spot during his service as commander in the China Seas. The painting is captioned in ink on the image: "HMS Gunboat Opossum - Junk by Chefoo - The French Troops are Encamped on the Hill." "While serving in the Far East, [Brine] took much pains to collect accurate information on the troubles then prevailing, and in 1862 published the results of his observations and inquiries in a volume entitled ‘The Taiping Rebellion in China’" (Obituary in The Geographical Journal 27,3 (March 1906)).


70. BURTSCHER, Anton (Austrian, 1887-1987)
[Original Signed Watercolour of Prague with Charles Bridge].

Ca. 1910. Watercolour and pencil on paper, ca. 16,5x24 cm (6 ½ x 9 ½ in). Recently matted and glazed and framed in an attractive period frame. Watercolor in very good condition. Not viewed out of the frame.
An attractive early landscape view of Prague by a known Austrian realist painter. The watercolour shows the view from the east embankment of the Vltava River towards the west side with the Charles Bridge shown on the left and the Prague Castle and the St Nicholas Church shown in the background.


71. CANNING, Charles John‚ Earl Canning (1812-1862)
[An Autograph Letter Signed to Sir Benjamin Hawes K.C.B.‚ War Office‚ making “the painful announcement of untimely death” of Sir Hawes’ Son‚ Captain Arthur Hawes‚ during a Jail Outbreak in Mundlaisir‚ Central India].

Calcutta, 6 September 1859. Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm). 8 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Blind stamped monograms in the left upper corners. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
A dignified‚ yet personal‚ letter from Charles John Canning‚ Earl Canning‚ Governor-General and Viceroy of India in 1856-1862‚ conveying tragic news to Sir Benjamin Hawes (1797-1862), Under-Secretary for War and the Colonies in 1846-1851, and Permanent Under-Secretary in the War Office since 1857. The letter informs Hawes about untimely death of his son Captain Arthur Hawes during a jail uprising in Mundlaisir (now Mandleshwar, Madhya Pradesh, Central India).
“I named him little more than 3 months ago to act in the place of an absent Officer as Political Agent in Nimar; a post of some trouble‚ and requiring activity and a sound judgement‚ but certainly not‚ so far as human foresight could perceive‚ of any danger. He would probably have held that post for about a year‚ by which time‚ if the officer in possession of it had returned it might have been in my power to replace Captain Hawes in permanent Civil Employment. But this has been cut short. A jail outbreak at Mundlaisir‚ unprovoked as far as I yet know by any political cause‚ and against which the close proximity of 200 men of a Bombay Regiment ought to have sufficiently guarded‚ has caused his Death. He displayed admirable promptitude of action‚ and fearlessness‚ - but in the performance of his duty he has laid down his life. <…> your son has left a high name with all under whom he has served for ability and zeal, and <…> he was in the fare path to distinction in the branch of the service for which he had been selected.”
See a brief contemporary comment on the matter: “Central India. The chief item is a rising of the prisoners in the Mundlaisir gaol, on the 22nd ultimo. They overpowered the guard, killing one, and then seized one of the bastions, whence they fired on Captain Hawes, acting political agent, and his men, unhappily with fatal effect. Captain Hawes fell beneath two bullets. The prisoners seem to have escaped, having first plundered the treasury” (The Sydney Morning Herald. No. 6691, 17 November 1859, p. 3)


Nakaz Eia Imperatorskago Velichestva Ekateriny Vtoryia, Samoderzhitsy Vserossiiskiya, Dannyi Kommissii o Sochinenii Novogo Ulozheniia [Instruction Given by Her Imperial Majesty Catherine II Tsarine of All Russia to the Commission Assembled to Work on the New Code of Laws].

Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1770. First Multi-lingual Edition. Quarto. 403 pp. Four title pages (in Russian, Latin, German and French). Parallel texts in Russian, Latin, German and French. Four copper engraved head- and tail-pieces (two pairs of equal vignettes at the beginning and in the end). The tail-pieces with the engraved signatures: “I.A. Sthelin invt. Et delt.”, “C.M. Roth, Sculptor Acad. Petrop. Sculpsit”. Bookplate of Archibald Philip, Earl of Roseberry on the first pastedown. 19th century ink inscription “Hamilton Sale 1884, lot 479”. Nineteenth century brown half calf, neatly rebacked in style with new gilt lettered sheep label on the spine. Corners slightly bumped, otherwise a very good uncut copy.
First multi-lingual edition of Catherine the Great’s famous Nakaz, or “Instruction to the Commission Assembled to Work on the New Code of Laws”. The text was written by the empress in Russian and French and first published in Russian and German (1767), later in French (1769). This edition is the first one with parallel text in four languages, including the first translation into Latin by Grigori Kozitsky (1724-1776) – writer, journalist and cabinet secretary of Catherine II. The book contains the full text of Nakaz consisting of 22 chapters; four engraved head- and tail-pieces were done by C.M. Roth after the drawings of the renowned member of Russian Academy of Sciences and engraver Jacob von Staehlin (1709-1785).
Nakaz, or Instruction, of Catherine the Great (Russian: Наказ Екатерины II Комиссии о составлении проекта нового Уложения) was a is a statement of legal principles written by Catherine II of Russia, and permeated with the ideas of the French Enlightenment. It was compiled as a guide for the All-Russian Legislative Commission convened in 1767 for the purpose of replacing the mid-17th-century Muscovite code of laws with a modern law code. Catherine believed that to strengthen law and institutions was above all else to strengthen the monarchy.
The Instruction proclaimed the equality of all men before the law and disapproved of the death penalty and torture, thus anticipating some of the issues raised by the later United States Constitution and the Polish Constitution. Although the ideas of absolutism were emphatically upheld, the stance towards serfdom is more blurry: the chapter about peasants was retouched a number of times, as Catherine's views on the subject evolved. <…>
In its final version, the Instruction consists of 22 chapters and 655 articles, which embrace various spheres of state, criminal, and civil law and procedure. More than 400 articles are copied verbatim from the works of Montesquieu, Beccaria, and other contemporary thinkers. In 1767, Catherine sent the German edition to Frederick II of Prussia and the French one to Voltaire. <…> The Instruction generated much discussion among Russian intellectuals and exerted considerable influence on the course of the Russian Enlightenment. It was in this document that the basic tenets of the French Enlightenment were articulated in Russian for the first time” (Wikipedia).
During the last quarter of the 18th century the Nakaz was translated into English, Greek, Polish and Italian.


73. CHARLEVOIX, Pierre Francois Xavier de (1682-1761)
Histoire et Description Générale du Japon; où l'on Trouvera tout ce qu'on a pu Apprendre de la Nature & des Productions du Pays, du Caractere & des Coûtumes des Habitans, du Gouvernement & du Commerce, des Révolutions arrivées dans l'Empire & dans la Religion; et l'examen de tous les auteurs, qui ont écrit sur la même sujet. Avec les fastes chronologiques de la découverte du nouveau monde. [History and General Description of Japan, Where you will find Everything you Could Learn from Nature & Productions of the Country, the Character & Customs of the Inhabitants, Government & Trade..,].

Paris: Gandouin et al., 1736. First Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. lviii, 667, [1]; xii, 746, [2] pp. With twenty-five copper engraved plates (thirteen folding) and eight folding, engraved maps and plans. Period dark brown full sheep, re-backed in period style with elaborate gilt tooling. Some scattered small minor and marginal water stains, otherwise a very good set.
"Charlevoix was a French Jesuit traveller and historian, often distinguished as the first historian of New France, which then occupied much of North America known to Europeans"(Wikipedia)."His work is particularly useful in shedding light on the state of the Jesuit missions of the period. In addition to works based directly on his travels, he also wrote on Hispaniola, Japan and Paraguay"(Howgego C104). Charlevoix, never travelled to Japan and his work is largely based on Engelbrecht Kaempfer's "The History of Japan," nevertheless the present set is an important work of the period on Japan and is considered one of the best sources of information on Japan in the 18th century. Cordier Japonica 422.


Anonymous Very Large Photographic Panorama of Constantinople from the Tower of Galata in Six Parts.

Ca. 1880. Albumen print panorama ca. 26x198,5 cm (10 ¼ x 78 in). The panorama is in six parts and mounted on recent board. Overall a very good strong image.
This panorama is very similar to larger ones of the same period by Joaillier & Sebah, so it's possible that the present panorama is a smaller six part verson of their regular ten part panoramas of Constantinople. This panorama offers "a sweeping view of the city walls and seven towers, the great mosques of Sultan Ahmed and Santa Sophia, the 'Green Mosque' and Mosque of Oulon, the Golden Horn, tower of Galatea and the Bosphorus" (Christies).


75. CORDEYRO, Antonio S.J. (1641-1722)
[History of Portugal's Atlantic Islands..,] Historia Insulana das Ilhas a Portugal Sugeytas no Oceano Occidental.., Para a confirmaçam dos bons costumes, assim moraes, como sobrenaturaes, dos nobres antepassados Insulanos, nos presentes, e futuros Descendentes seus, & só para a salvação de suas almas, & mayor gloria de Deos.

Lisboa: Antonio Pedrozo Galram, 1717. First Edition. Folio. [xvi], 528 pp. With woodcut vignette on title-page, woodcut headpieces, tailpieces and initials. Handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep. Title page with repaired upper right corner, not affecting text, rear cover with some repaired cut marks, otherwise a very good copy in very original condition.
Important history of Portugal's Atlantic islands, covering the prehistory and ancient history (including rumors that they were Atlantis) of the Canary Islands, Cabo Verde, Madeira (including Porto Santo), the Azores (sections on Santa Maria, São Miguel, Ilha Terceira, São Jorge, Graciosa, Fayal, Pico, Flores, and Corvo).
The author, a Jesuit, was a native of Angra on the island of Terceira in the Azores. He died at the Collegio de Sancto Antão in Lisbon."This work is an important source for the history and description of the Azores, Terceira in particular. Much of the material is derived from the Saudades da terra of Caspar Frutuoso. There are also chapters describing the Canaries, Cape Verde islands and Madeira, as well as some references to Brazil and the Americas. The section on Madeira includes an account of the introduction of sugarcane from Sicily, and the development of the industry. This declined with the gradual depletion of wood-fuel stocks and then moved first to Sao Tom, and then to Brazil"(Sotheby's); "A history of Portuguese exploration, colonization, and colonial administration in the islands of the Canary, Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde groups"(Bell C619); Innocêncio I, 114; Sabin 16759.


76. COX, Arthur (British)
[Original Signed & Dated Watercolour with Verso Presentation:] "Presented to A.W. Drake in memory of his son Frank S. Drake "the Steble Fountain" and view of Public Offices Dale St., Liverpool, 8th Nov./ 90 Arthur Cox."

1890. Watercolour, ca. 44,5x34 cm (17 ½ x 13 ½ in). Watercolour under glass in a period elaborate molded gilt wood frame. A very good watercolour. The original frame with signs of wear but still in very good condition. Watercolour not examined out of the frame.
This attractive watercolour by Liverpool artist Arthur Cox shows a smog filled industrial Victorian Liverpool at the end of the 19th Century. "Towards the end of the 19th century, this was the only undeveloped portion of land between St George's Hall and the buildings in William Brown Street. In 1877 Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Fell Steble offered £1000 (£80,000 as of 2014) to the Improvement Committee of Liverpool City Council towards the erection of a fountain on the site. Steble had been Mayor of Liverpool from 1845 to 1847. The fountain was designed by Michel Joseph Napoléon Liénard and was unveiled in 1879. The casting from which the fountain was derived had originally been designed for the Paris Exposition of 1867. At the opening ceremony in 1879 the mayor turned the fountain on with a silver key presented by Steble, but the water pressure was low and the effect was "dismal". The water was pumped by a steam pump in the basement of St George's Hall, and the noise from this tended to disrupt the proceedings in the courts above. The steam pump was later replaced by an electric pump. The fountain was restored in 1992 when the Tall Ships' Race came to Liverpool" (Wikipedia).


77. DAPPER, Olfert (1636-1689)
[AFRICA: MOST COMPLETE 17TH CENTURY DESCRIPTION] Umbständliche und eigentliche Beschreibung von Africa und denen darzu gehörigen Königreichen und Landschaften als Egypten, Barbarien, Libyen, Biledulgerid, dem Lande der Negros, Guinea, Ethiopien, Abyssina und den Africanischen Insulen zusamt deren verscheidenen Nahmen, Grentzen, Städten, Flüssen ... : aus unterschiedlichen neuen Land- und Reise-Beschreibungen mit Fleiss zusammengebracht.

[Africa: Being an Accurate Description of the Regions of Aegypt, Barbary, Lybia, and Billedulgerid, the Land of Negroes, Guinee, Aethiopia, and the Abyssines, with all the Adjacent islands, either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern, or Oriental Sea, belonging thereunto ; with the several Denominations of their Coasts, Harbors, Creeks, Rivers, Lakes, Cities, Towns, Castles, and Villages ; Their Customs, Modes, and Manners, Languages, Religions, and Inexhaustible Treasure].
Amsterdam: Jacob van Meurs, 1670-1671. First German Edition. Folio, 2 parts in one. [viii], 695, [13] [i], 101, [3] pp. Title to part one printed in red and black, engraved additional title, engraved portrait, forty-three engraved folding maps and plates and fifty-six engraved illustrations in text. Beautiful period style crimson very elaborately gilt tooled full morocco with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
Beautifully and vividly illustrated, this "work is one of the most authoritative 17th-century accounts on Africa published in German. Dapper never travelled to Africa but used reports by Jesuit missionaries and other explorers. The fine plates include views of Algiers, Benin, Cairo, Cap Town, La Valetta, Marrakech, St. Helena, Tangier, Tripoli, Tunis, as well as, animals and plants" (Christies). Translated into German by F. von Zesen. This copy has the engraved title, dedication and portrait leaves lacking in most copies. "An important early work on Africa in general, which was translated into several European languages.., "it was carefully compiled from the best sources of information"" (Mendelssohn I, p. 414). Dapper "wrote a book on the history of Amsterdam. Later he also wrote about Africa, China, India, Persia, Georgia, and Arabia, although he had not visited these exotic destinations himself. In fact, he never travelled outside Holland. His books became well-known in his own time.., To this day, Dapper's book Description of Africa Naukeurige Beschrijvinge van Africa gewesten (1668) is a key text for Africanists" (Wikipedia); Cox I, p. 361; Gay 219.


78. D'OYLY, Sir Charles (British, 1781-1845)
[CALCUTTA: Large Signed Presentation Watercolour]: "For Warren Hastings ESQ / View of Calcutta and Fort William from Sir John D'Oyly's Garden Reach/ D'Oyly (on verso)."

[Calcutta], ca. 1800. Watercolour ca. 47x61 cm (18 ½ x 24 in). Watercolour with several expertly repaired tears and a few very mild water stains affecting image, but overall still a very good attractive watercolour. Recently matted.
This large attractive watercolour was presented from the artist to close family friend and governor-general of Bengal Warren Hastings (1732–1818). D'Oyly was a prolific artist and provided the sketches for a great number of colour plate works on India. "Charles D'Oyly was a public official and painter from Dhaka who produced numerous images on Indian subject matter..., His father, Baron Sir John Hedley D'Oyly, was the resident of the Company at the Court of Nawab Babar Ali of Murshidabad. D'Oyly went to England with the family in 1785 and received his first formal education there. In 1798 he returned to India as Assistant to the Registrar in the Court of Appeal in Calcutta. In 1803 he was appointed as 'Keeper of the Records' in the office of the Governor General.
D'Oyly 1808 appointed as the Collector of Dacca (now Dhaka) in 1808. In the following years, the posts he held, were the Government and City Collector of Customs in Calcutta (1818), the Opium Agent of Bihar (1821), the Commercial Resident of Patna (1831) and lastly the Senior Member of the Board of Customs, Salt, Opium and of the Marine (1833). After serving with the company for forty years, his failing health compelled D'Oyly to leave India in 1838" (Wikipedia).


79. DUPERRE, Guy-Victor, Admiral (1775-1846)
Précis sur les établissements français formés à Madagascar [Descriptions of the French institutions in Madagascar]. [With] A Autographed Signed Note by Duperré on Ministere de la Marine et des Colonies Cabinet du Ministre Letterhead dated 18 June 1836 mentioning Cayenne.

Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1836. First Edition. Large Octavo. [iv], 76 pp. Original publishers blue printed stiff wrappers. Slightly dust soiled and with repair of spine, a couple leaves with mild water staining, otherwise a very good copy.
Printed by order of Admiral Duperré, Minister of the Marine and the Colonies, this work describes the French involvement, exploration and colonization in Madagascar from 1642-1836 with the period from 1814 being the main focus. The French settlement of Fort Dauphin is covered in some detail. Gay 3253.


80. DURAND, Jean-Baptiste-Léonard (1742-1812)
Voyage to Senegal..,]. Voyage au Sénégal, ou mémoires historiques, philosophiques et politiques sur les découvertes, les établissemens et le commerce des Européens dans les mers de l'Océan atlantique, depuis le Cap-Blanc jusqu'à la rivière de Serre-Lionne inclusivement ; suivis de la relation d'un voyage par terre de l'île Saint-Louis à Galam, et du texte arabe de trois traités de commerce faits par l'auteur avec les princes de pays.

Paris: Chez H. Agasse, An X, [1802]. Second Edition. Text 8vo, 2 vols & Quarto Atlas. lvi, 359, [1]; 383, [1]; 67 pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, forty-three numbered engraved plates, including sixteen folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full (text) & half (atlas) calf. Atlas with marbled boards. One text volume rebacked, otherwise a very good set.
In 1785 Durand was appointed head of the Third Company of Senegal on the Isle of St. Louis where he was a director between 1785-86. He then made a trip to Galam and concluded several treaties with the Moors, to promote the gum trade.
A Voyage to Senegal was inspired by the works of Father Labat and other writers, and includes a description of the journey of Mr. Rubault, who went to Galam and much information on the history, trade and commerce of the western African coast from Cape Blanc to the Sierra Leone River, which was the heart of the African slave trade in the 18th century. The work contains a very detailed map of the region and also engravings of local life, fauna and flora.
"During the eighteenth century the factories and settlements on the coast of Senegal had changed hands several times between the British and the French. The island of Goree had been returned to the French in 1763 at the conclusion of the Seven Years War, and 1779 Louis Philippe Rigaud, marquis de Vaudreuil, had recovered Saint Louis" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); Wikipedia.


81. EDEN, Sir Ashley (1831-1887)
Political Missions to Bootan, comprising the reports of the Hon’ble Ashley Eden, - 1864; Capt. R.B. Pemberton, 1837, 1838, with Dr. W. Griffiths’s Journal; and the Account by Baboo Kishen Kant Rose.

Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Office, 1865. First Edition. Octavo. [ii], xi, 206 pp. With a large folding outline hand colored engraved map and a folding topographical engraved profile of the route. Period style light brown gilt tooled half sheep with light brown cloth boards and a light brown gilt morocco label. Map backed on Japanese paper and browned and title page with remnants of old library stamp, otherwise a very good copy.
A collection of early interesting accounts on relations between the British India and the Kingdom of Bhutan in 1860's, which was a time of growing tension between the two countries which resulted in the Duar War (1864-1865). The book includes the account by Sir Ashley Eden, later Governor General of British India. "In 1861 Eden was appointed special envoy to Sikkim and, backed by an army, wrung from the maharaja a treaty guaranteeing free trade and the cessation of raids into British territory. In 1863 he was sent on a similar mission to Bhutan but without the same military support and he found himself taken virtual prisoner by the Bhutanese and forced to sign a treaty humiliating to the British. The insult was amply repaid when Britain went to war against Bhutan in November 1864"(Oxford DNB).
The second account is by Captain Robert Boileau Pemberton (1798-1840) who led a diplomatic mission to Bhutan in 1837-8, together with the account by the member of the same embassy, Doctor William Griffith (1810-1845). The last account is an English translation of the relation by Baboo Kishen Kant Bose. The book is supplemented with a subject index.
The Duar War (1864-65) lasted only five months and, despite some battlefield victories by Bhutanese forces, resulted in Bhutan's defeat, loss of part of its sovereign territory, and forced cession of formerly occupied territories. Under the terms of the Treaty of Sinchula, signed on November 11, 1865, Bhutan ceded territories in the Assam Duars and Bengal Duars, as well as the eighty-three-square-kilometer territory of Dewangiri in southeastern Bhutan, in return for an annual subsidy of 50,000 rupees (Wikipedia). In 1863 Henry Haversham Godwin-Austen joined the "Political mission to Bhutan under Ashley Eden. In 1864 he carried out topographical surveys between Sikkim and Punakha, and produced a detailed map of Bhutan that would remain in use for thirty years"(Howgego 1850-1940 Continental G27).


82. EDWARDES, Sir Herbert Benjamin (1819-1868)
[Two Autograph Letters Signed‚ Giving a Detailed Description of the Special Golden Medal of the East India Company Given to Him in Commemoration of His Service During the Second Anglo-Sikh War, Supplemented with an Ink Sketch of the Medal].

Two letters: 37 Upper Seymour Street‚ 19 & 20 February 1851. Each 12mo (ca. 18x11 cm). In all 4 pp. of text. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks, paper slightly browned on top of the first letter, otherwise a very good pair of letters.
Two letters by Major-General Sir Herbert Benjamin Edwardes, a British officer and administrator in Punjab, known as the “Hero of Multan” for his pivotal role in securing the British victory in the Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–49). Written in London after his triumphant return from India in 1850, the letters describe the golden medal of the East India Company, specially struck and given to Edwardes for his services in Punjab and in particular for his actions during the uprising in Multan. The award ceremony took place just a week earlier, on 12 February 1851.
The letter of the 20 February describes both sides of the medal: “Inscription. From the East India Company to Lieut. & Bt. Mayor H.B. Edwards C.B. For his services in the Punjab. A.D. 1848. Obverse: Queen’s head, VICTORIA REGINA (below). Reverse: The infant Hercules strangling the snake among the lotus leaves (emblematic of the East). Martial Valor & Victory at two sides placing a wrath of laurel over Major Edwardes’s coat of arms, on the top Inscription <…> the centre.”
The letter of the 19 February gives some details of the award ceremony: “The Medal presented to me by the Court of Directors on Wednesday the 12th was not the “Punjab Medal”, but the Gold medal specially voted for me by the Court on 13th September 1848 “in testimony of their high approbation of the important services rendered etc. etc.” (for the whole vote see pp. 477-8, vol. 2 of my book). The Court on the12th was a closed one & its proceedings therefore are not known in detail to the world outside the purdah; but as every one of the Directors attended you may easily believe that what took place was a most gratifying farewell to me before leaving England”.
“In 1850‚ when word reached England of the exploits of Lieutenant Herbert Edwardes in bringing order to the wild inhabitants of Bannu and uniting them against Mulraj‚ whom he had defeated in a series of actions in 1848‚ he became a household name‚ and the Court of Directors elected to reward his highly cost-effective services with a ‘special gold medal’‚ the design of which was entrusted to Wyon. On the obverse is the head of Queen Victoria‚ ‘the fountain of all honour’‚ and on the reverse the Edwardes family arms surmount the inscription‚ ‘To Lieutenant Herbert Benjamin Edwardes‚ Brevet-Major and C.B.‚ for his services in the Punjab‚ 1848’. The inscription is flanked by the figures of Valour and Victory‚ and beneath the inscription‚ the figure of the infant Hercules (emblematic of Edwardes’ youth) strangles the serpent. The medal was intended as a unique honour and instructions were issued from the Court that once struck‚ the die was to be broken‚ but these instructions were evidently not obeyed. Edwardes received the medal from the hands of the Chairman‚ John Shepherd‚ at a formal presentation held at East India House‚ Leadenhall Street‚ on 12 February 1851. In his short address Shepherd ‘confidently’ anticipated that ‘the same energy‚ skill‚ and bravery would distinguish’ Edwardes’ future career” (Dix Noonan Webb Auctions).
Edwardes became Commissioner of Peshawar (1853-59) and was among those responsible for averting the danger of an uprising in the Punjab in 1857.


[HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE: Beautiful Manuscript Nobility Patent, Given to the Pomeranian Harder Brothers, Written in Calligraphy Fraktur on Vellum, Illustrated with a Large Watercolour of the Harder Coat of Arms, and Housed in the Official Imperial Velvet Portfolio]: Wir Franz, von Gottes Gnaden Erwehler Römischer Kayser, zu allen Zeiten Mehrer des Reichs in Germanien...

Vienna, 15 July 1756. Folio (ca. 34x25,5 cm). Ten unnumbered vellum leaves. Black ink calligraphic manuscript text in Fraktur within black ink decorative frames, calligraphic initials and first lines. With a full page watercolour of the coat of arms in colour and gold. Signed at the end by Francis I and the Imperial Vice-Chancellor Rudolph Joseph von Colloredo, countersigned by the councillor Paul Anton von Gundel, collated and registered by Andreas Xaver von Stock. Original faded crimson velvet binding with seal strings. Without the original seal, inner sides of the boards with minor worm tracks, but overall a beautiful document in very good condition.
Beautiful example of an official Holy Roman Empire nobility patent of the 18th century. The patent bears personal signatures of the Emperor – “Franz”, Imperial Vice-Chancellor Rudolph Joseph von Colloredo (1706-1788), has been countersigned by the councillor (Hofrat) Paul Anton von Gundel, and collated by Andreas Xaver von Stock.This patent was given to brothers Daniel, Carl and Johann Agath Harder from Swedish Pomerania. German 19th century genealogical directories record several representatives of the Harder family living in different parts of Pomerania: the Island of Rügen (Casselvitz, 1782; Gransdorf, 1836; Zolkvitz, 1861), Greifswald district (Reinkenhagen, 1861), Greifenberg district (Barkow and Neuzimmer, 1836). The Harder coat of arms features three golden stars on blue background and a watchtower on red background, the two fields being separated with a golden arrow.
“This family is one of the older Pomeranian nobility and is still wealthy. It is also considered amongst the nobility of Rügen, although not hereditary. Here the family owns Gransdorf and Zubehör estates. In the Greiffenberg district the von Harder family currently owns the Barkow estate on the way from Greiffenberg to Plate, with the adjacent hamlet Neuezimmer. To this family belongs v. H., Major of the 3rd Dragoon Regiment, previously of the Queen’s Dragoons Regiment, who was awarded with the Iron Cross 1st class for the Battle of Ligny. There is also Fräulein Andrina v.H., prioress of the girls’ institution in Bergen (Rügen Island)” (translated from: Zedlitz-Neukirch, L. V. Neues preussisches Adels-Lexicon oder genealogische und diplomatische Nachrichten. Leipzig, 1836, Bd. 2, S. 331).
See more: Ledebur, L. Von. Adelslexicon der Preussischen Monarchie. Berlin, 1855. Bd. 1, S. 319; Bd. 3, S. 271; Ledebur, L. Von. Archiv für Deutsche Adels-Geschichte. Genealogie, Heraldik und Sphragistik. II Theil. Berlin, 1865, S. 70-71; Kemplin, R., Kratz, G. Martikeln und Verzeichnisse der Pommerschen Ritterschaft von bis XIV bis in das XIX Jahrhundert. Berlin, 1863.


[Letter in French, Written in Secretarial Hand and Signed "Frederic" to Ferdinand I (III/IV), King of Two Sicilies, Informing Him about the Marriage of Prince Frederick William of Prussia, Heir to the Throne and Future Prussian King Frederick William II].

Charlottenburg, 15 July 1769. Folio (ca. 32,5x20 cm). 1 p. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper; text in French, written in secretarial hand and signed by Frederick the Great. Period ink inscription in another hand on the bottom margin of the first page. With an opened laid paper envelope, addressed in secretarial hand to “Sa Majeste le Roi des deux Siciles Monsieur Mon Frere”; a black seal features Royal Prussian eagle. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An official letter signed by Frederick the Great, a nice example of the correspondence between European monarchs in the 18th century. Frederick the Great informs his royal “Brother” Ferdinand that “yesterday” (14 July 1769) a wedding ceremony took place in Charlottenburg, between Prince Frederick of Prussia and Princess Frederica Louisa, a second daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He hopes that his “Brother” will “enter the joy created by this union” and reassures in his “feelings of respect and perfect friendship.” The letter is addressed to “The King of Two Sicilies”, although at the time Ferdinand was officially styled as Ferdinand III of the Kingdom of Sicily and Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of Naples. He officially became the King of Two Sicilies only in 1816, in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars.
"Frederick II was King in Prussia (1740–1786) of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He is best known for his military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his innovative drills and tactics, and his final success against great odds in the Seven Years' War. He became known as Frederick the Great (Friedrich der Große) and was nicknamed Der Alte Fritz ("Old Fritz")" (Wikipedia).


85. FREIRE DE ANDRADE, Alfredo Augusto (1859-1929)
[Twenty-Four Mounted Photographs of the Expedition of the Comissao de Delimitacao de Fronteiras Entre o Distrito de Lourenco Marques e o Transvaal 1890 / Commission to Deliminate the Border Between Mozambique and Transvaal in 1890].

1890-1. Folio. 24 leaves. With twenty-four albumen photographs mounted on stiff card, each photograph with a manuscript caption. Photographs: 15 x 20cm (6 x 8 inches), Card: 30 x 36cm (12 x 14.5 inches). Several mounts with mild foxing and some mounts with some mild water staining, mainly of blank margin, additionally several mounts with edge wear, several images mildly faded and a couple of images with some minor damage of image surface but overall a very good collection.
This rare collection of images show: Lourenzo Marques (Maputo) (2 photographs), Officer Corps of the Mozambique Expedition & Armoury; Massikesse (Macequece) (2 photographs) Camp & Detachment; Guelimane (Quelimane) (2 photographs) Armoury & Market; Also, Mafakase, camp on the River Muanze, Beira, Vincent beach (Zambezi), military headquarters in Mossurize, camp by Mount Gorungue, Mount Wengo north side, departure of the expedition boats, River Limpopo, group of inhabitants of Gouvea, native troops, government wagons, Portuguese detachments (2) and several other images.
Mozambique had reached a critical period with Britain because of the question of the Shire mountains following the British ultimatum of 1890, which forced a period of inactivity until Portugal and Britain reached an agreement on the demarcation of their spheres of influence in East Africa.
Once those issues were resolved, the Commission to deliminate the borders between the district of Lourenço Marques and the Transvaal Republic began its work. The leadership was entrusted to engineer Freire de Andrade who then started to explore the Limpopo River. This exploration unfortunately led to more conflict with the British. "Massi Kessi has historic significance for a conflict that took place there on May 11, 1891, between the Portuguese (Under the command of Caldas Xavier) and the British South Africa Company. As a result, the British government pushed through a treaty on June 11, 1891, that ensured ownership of Manica by the British South Africa Company; until then, the Portuguese colonial area had extended to the Mazoetal river, almost to Harare, Shamv and Mount Darwin" (Wikipedia).


86. GIOVIO, Giulio‚ Bishop of Nocera (ca. 1510-ca. 1563)
[Official Letter Signed by Giovio to “Molto Magnifico Signor” Solomeo Solomei in Florence‚ Introducing his Nephew Passing through Florence on his way to Rome].

Como, 19 March 1560. Folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 1 pp. With the integral blank leaf. Brown ink on laid paper, text in Italian in secretarial hand, signed by Giovio, addressed and docketed on verso of the second blank leaf. Fold marks, second leaf with the lower blank corner clipped and minor staining from the removed seal, but overall a very good letter.
Letter by Giulio Giovio‚ the bishop of Nocera, Campania (1552-1560), writer and nephew of noted prelate, historian and physician Paolo Giovio (1483-1552). Giulio Giovio inherited the title of the bishop of Nocera from his uncle (Paolo Giovio held the seat in 1528-1552). Among poetical works of Giulio Giovio is an extensive poem, a part of which is dedicated to Giovanni da Verrazzano who travelled to North America in 1524, thus becoming “the first European since the Norse expeditions to North America around AD 1000 to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between the Carolinas and Newfoundland, including New York Bay and Narragansett Bay.” A contemporary of the events, Giulio Giovio collected news about the voyage directly from the testimony of Verrazzano’s brother, Jerome. The eleven octaves of Giovio’s poem related to Giovanni da Verrazzano were published by A. Bacchiani under title “I fratelli da Verrazzano e l'eccidio di una spedizione italo-francese in America (1528)” (Boll. Della Società geografica italiana, s. 4, II (1925), pp. 395-399). The later years of Giulio's life he spent at his uncle’s villa, called Museo because of a large collection of painting and antiquities, including one of the first collection of artefacts from the New World, where he sorted the unpublished works of his uncle.


87. GOLDSWORTHY, Walter Tuckfield (1837-1911)
Large Archive of 138 Letters and Documents on 276 Pages Charting the Career of Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy from Volunteer Trooper in the Indian Mutiny to Brigade Major in Abyssinia under Lord Napier in 1868 as well as Later Administrative and Regimental Postings.

1857-1909. The letters and documents are generally in very good to near fine condition.
The core of the archive is its copies of the many testimonials from commanding officers and of mentions in dispatches of particular actions which describe him as an ideal staff officer - zealous, understanding the nature of his many duties, and always tactful and resourceful. These are supplemented by original letters discussing or appointing him to particular posts. This archive charts Goldsworthy career from Volunteer Trooper with Havelock’s Mobile Column in 1857, 8th (the King’s Royal Irish) Hussars, 1857-1864, 91st Foot, 1864-1868 and finally Major-General, M.P. 1885-1900.
In mid-June 1857, Sir Henry Havelock set off from Calcutta to relieve Cawnpore and Lucknow with his ‘Mobile Column’, consisting of infantry and a few guns. His only cavalry were volunteers – civilians including the Goldsworthy brothers, with planters and officers whose regiments had mutinied, just 18 sabres in all. Havelock’s son testifies how, without them, his father and the column would have been “entirely crippled”, and how they endured in rain and burning sun often on outposts, when the regular soldiers had occasional rest in huts or tents. Though Havelock did not reach Lucknow till 25th September, on the way he won victories at Oonau (Unao, 29th July) and Busserutgunge (Busherutgunge, 29th July and 5th August), three of the nine occasions when Goldsworthy is mentioned in dispatches. Soon the volunteers were re-deployed, and in October Goldsworthy was gazetted Cornet in the 8th Hussars, which had charged in the Light Brigade at Balaklava. He was still Cornet the next summer at Gwalior, the last major stronghold of the rebels, and still Cornet with the Rajpootana Field Brigade operating in Central India, acting as its Brigade Major (senior staff officer) and being mentioned in dispatches by Sir Robert Napier (August 1858). Promoted Lieutenant on merit at the end of 1859, he held many responsible posts in his Regiment, including Adjutant for 3½ years. Despairing of advancement, in 1864 when the 8th Hussars were back home, he borrowed money to buy a Captaincy and then transfer to the 91st (Argyllshire) Foot, a cavalry Captaincy “in England” being too expensive. The 91st went out to India, and when Napier was preparing for Abyssinia (1867-1868) he telegraphed for Goldsworthy to join him once again as a Brigade Major of Cavalry, even though he was now with the Infantry. As a reward, Goldsworthy was made Brevet Major, but on half pay and unattached, and he spent the next seven years seeking employment.
The archive includes:
D. COPIES OF CORRESPONDENCE BY COMMANDING OFFICERS WITH THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, recommending Goldsworthy for Promotion, 1861-1865. 10 items in 17 pages
E. COPIES OF CERTIFICATES (TESTIMONIAL LETTERS) about Service in India and Abyssinia, 1857-1868. 14 items in 18 pages
F. GOLDSWORTHY’S STATEMENTS OF SERVICE, c.1865 and c. 1872. 4 items in 12 pages
G. POSSIBLE EMPLOYMENT, Correspondence with Horse Guards about, 1868-1875. 20 items in 28 pages
H. CARDWELL’S ARMY REFORMS, Effect on Goldsworthy, with drafts of his evidence to the Royal Commission, no date and 1873-1877. 16 items in 57 pages
I. MONEY and FAMILY LETTERS, 1863-1909. 23 items in 67 pages
A full detailed list of all documents and letters is available upon request.


88. GOUGH, Bloomfield, Captain (d. 1904)
[SECOND ANGLO-AFGHAN WAR, SIEGE OF THE SHERPUR CANTONMENT; Autograph Letter Signed Addressed to the Author's Father From Besieged Sherpur, Providing Vivid Details of the Siege].

Sherpur, Kabul, 20 December 1879. Octavo (ca. 21x13,5 cm). 14 pp. Brown ink on paper. Old folds with minor tears on margins, paper lightly browned, overall a very good letter.
Expressive first-hand account of the Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment (15-23 December 1879) during the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-1880). The Siege took place during the second phase of the war when in October 1879, Kabul was occupied by the British troops after the British Resident Sir Pierre Cavagnari had been murdered there. In November mutinous Afghan troops amassed to the north of Kabul and, on December 15 mounted a siege on British troops in the Sherpur Cantonment. The siege was raised with arrival on December 23 of the relief column under the command of Brigadier General Charles Gough.
Captain Bloomfield Gough was serving with the 9th Queen’s Royal Lancers cavalry regiment, and took active part in the defence of the Sherpur Cantonment. In his extensive and emotional letter written when the siege was still on, Gough gives a "full and true account of my battles and the siege of Sherpore as far as it has gone."
The account starts with the period from December 9, and describes at length the ferocious fight in Kabul’s neighbourhood Kila Kizi on December 11. Gough recreates all the events of the day in strict consistency, names all officers in command (Brig.-Gen. Macpherson (infantry), Capt. Stewart-Mackenzie and Lieut.-Col. Cleland (9th Queen’s Royal Lancers), Major Smith Widham (artillery) et al); and gives amounts of wounded and killed officers, men and horses.
Gough’s letter provides remarkable descriptions of battle scenes: "After going about 4 or 5 miles the advance partly were fired upon and soon afterwards we saw the enemy collecting in great numbers to our left front. I got my troop under cover of a hillock and the enemy numbering (I am told 1200) began advancing with standards and tom toms and great shouting. Our guns soon came into action and the enemy guns replied. As soon as they came within 800 yards, I opened fire with half my troop dismounted, and owing to our being under cover and the enemy advancing in the open, succeeded in stopping them on our right, however seeing the guns retire and fearing I should be cut off, I remounted my troops and retired over a lot of stony ground at a gallop, keeping my troop well in hand. [To?] turn upon then, if as I expected they (the enemy) would come after me. Well we retired about ¾ of a mile, and the enemy cavalry pursued, coming on with shouts of Allah and Bismillah, and as I hoped in very straggling order. When I thought they were far enough away from the enemy I got my troop into a trot and gave the order Right about Wheel - Charge! - Well I never seen such a scene of consternation [emphasis added]. My men came with a shout and the enemy who were at first so brave appeared thunder struck. Some came on, most stood still and some ran away <..,> The charge was a great success."
Gough is fascinated with an Afghan standard bearer, who "fought in a most desperate way and I never saw such a brave man. He had several lances through him before he fell off his horse and when they got down to take his standard away, though half dead and lying on the ground, he raised himself up and snatched a lance away from one of our men with which he thrust at anyone who came hear him as long as he had a drop of life left in him." He also notes the bravery of British officers who "were a long way in front in the charge and a long way behind in the retreat and every one of them do the same thing that Bill Beresford got the V.C. For." The battle description is illustrated with a nice little drawing in text (leave 2, inside) showing the lancers’ attack on the enemy positions.
Gough’s account of December 13 describes a fierce fight near Siah Sung Heights in which the 9th Lancers commander was killed: "Poor Batson shot dead with a bullet through his heart, Chrisholme being wounded with a shot through the leg and Trowers’ other horse, a very nice black whaler shot dead. 4 men dead and 9 wounded and about 30 dead Afghans lying in heaps. I am awfully sorry for Batson, poor fellow. We also lost several horses, killed or wounded."
Then follows the description of the Siege and the state of the British garrison: "The place is fortified and a desultory fire kept up all and every day from the walls <..,> Every night we have the whole regiment in picquet for fear of an attack. You must not suppose we are in a bad way, as we have plenty of ammunition to defend ourselves, only not enough to go out and drive off the enemy who are in the city and have been having great games looting it. We are perfectly safe here and are only waiting for Charley who is coming up with reinforcements and ammunition, when we shall go out and make an example of them."
In the end Gough states that "I am beginning to think war is not such good sport as people say and think hunting far better for fun and much less dangerous" [emphasis added], and describes the Afghans who "are quite different from those we met at first; <..,> mostly armed with Sniders, and are not out of the way cowards, though fortunately they are very bad shots," and notes that "it is terribly cold with snow on the ground wherever the sun cannot get at it”. He hopes that “Charley will arrive soon and that I shall give them a proper beating and then pursue them with all the cavalry, only the country is so hilly and so intersected with ditches and water that it is not an easy place for us to work on."
Bloomfield Gough came from a noted Irish noble family with a long military tradition. During the Second Afghan War he served as Aide-de-Camp to his relative, Brigadier General Sir Charles Gough (1832-1912) and was present at the taking of Ali Musjid (November 1878). Subsequent to this letter he took part in the march from Kabul to Kandahar and was present at the battle of Kandahar. He was twice mentioned in dispatches (January and September 1880).
Gough exchanged into the 9th Lancers from the Rifle Brigade in April 1873 and rose to command the regiment as Lieut. Colonel from December 1895. He accompanied the 9th Lancers to the Boer War in 1899 but was unjustly relieved of his command in the field in November. Gough retired in 1900 when commanding the regiment with the rank of Lieut. Colonel.


89. GUILLEMARD, Francis Henry Hill (1852-1933)
[Autograph Letter Signed with Interesting Notes about South African Tsama (Citron Melon) and a Gratitude to His Correspondent for “your kindly criticism of the Marchesa”].

Old Mill House, Trumpington, Cambridge, 15 September 1902. Octavo (ca. 20,5x12,5 cm). Brown ink on paper, letterhead of the Mandeville Hotel. Fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
An interesting letter by British traveller, writer and naturalist Francis Guillemard, written to a fellow colleague, with some noteworthy details about tsama, or citron melon. Tsama is native to the Kalahari Desert of South Africa, where it has been traditionally used as a source of water during dry seasons. Guillemard obviously got acquainted with tsama when serving in South Africa as a doctor during the First Boer War (1880-1881).
“I was most interested in your information that the tsama grows as far south as Graaf-Reinet [Eastern Cape Province, South Africa]: I had no idea it flourished away from the true desert. I must turn up your reference to Livingstone when I get back to Cambridge. I had forgotten that he mentioned it. My boys could tell at once which were bitter and which sweet melons. As you say, our cucumbers are sometimes bitter (I have an idea that both sweet and bitter come off the same plant, but am not sure of this) but the difference of degree in bitterness is astonishing in the tsama. The fruit seems to be either as bitter as gall or quite tasteless”. In the end Guillemard thanks his correspondent “for your kindly criticism of the Marchesa: it is pleasant to get these little appreciatory words”.
Guillemard “travelled widely, visiting Lapland, the Southern African interior, Madeira and the Canaries, South-East Asia and throughout Europe. He was present at the first Boer War, 1881, and also made visits to Cyprus, founding the Cyprus Exploration Fund. He was elected University Reader in Geography, Cambridge, in 1888, and served as Geographical Editor of the Cambridge University Press. His published works include 'The Life of Ferdinand Magellan and the First Circumnavigation of the Globe, 1480-1521' (London, 1890).” (F.H.H. Guillemard/ Janus: Online catalogue of Cambridge archives and manuscripts). In 1882-1884 he participated in a zoological expedition in the yacht Marchesa‚ visiting the Far East, the Philippines, New Guinea and most of the chief islands of the Malay Archipelago. He brought back large zoological collections from the voyage and published “The cruise of the Marchesa” in 1886.


90. HAGEN, Thomas Philipp von der (1729-1797)
Beschreibung der Stadt Freyenwalde, des dasigen Gesundbrunnens und Alaun-Werks. Aus Urkunden und glaubhaften Nachrichten zusammengetragen. [Description of Bad Freienwalde and its Health Resort and the Alum Mine Found There..,].

Berlin: Paulischen Buchhandlung, 1784. First Edition. Quarto. [iv], 124, [1] pp. With a title vignette and eight folding copper engraved maps and plates. Recent period style brown gilt tooled half calf with speckled boards and a red gilt title label. A couple of spots of minor worming, but otherwise a very good copy.
An early description and history of Bad Freienwalde in Brandenburg. "The settlement of Vrienwalde in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in a 1316 deed and appeared as a town in 1364. From 1618, the Freienwalde manor was directly held by the Brandenburg prince-electors (Kurfürsten). A mineral spring was discovered in 1683. The alchemist Johann Kunckel brought it to the attention of the "Great Elector" Frederick William of Brandenburg, who, gout-ridden, arrived in Freienwalde the next year. Recorded by the physician Bernhardus Albinus in 1685, the Kurfürstenquelle became the foundation of Freienwalde's rise as a spa town. Frederick William's son King Frederick I of Prussia had a first maison de plaisance erected by the architect Andreas Schlüter" (Wikipedia).


91. HALLS, J[ohn] J[ames] (1776-1853)
The Life and Correspondence of Henry Salt, Esq., F.R.S. &c. His Britannic Majesty's Late Consul General in Egypt.

London: Richard Bentley, 1834. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xv, 502; viii, 440 pp. With two copper engraved portrait frontispieces. Handsome period black gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and maroon gilt morocco labels and housed in a custom made black cloth slipcase. A few leaves with some minor staining, otherwise a very good set.
This work represents a comprehensive biography of Henry Salt (1780-1827). "On 20 June 1802 Salt left England on an eastern tour, as secretary and draughtsman to Viscount Valentia (later the earl of Mountnorris). He visited India, Ceylon, and the Red Sea, and in 1805 was sent by Valentia on a mission into Abyssinia, to the ras of Tigré, whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce. The return to England in 1806 was made by way of Egypt, where he first met the pasha, Mehmet Ali. Lord Valentia's Travels in India (1809) was partly written and completely illustrated by Salt, who published his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in the same year.
On 2 March 1809 Salt sailed on a mission from the British government to Abyssinia, to carry presents to the king and report on the state of the country. Owing to factious unrest, he was prevented from going to the king at Gondar and was obliged to deliver the presents instead to the ras of Tigré. While in Abyssinia he made many observations on the geography, the customs of the people, and the flora and fauna. He brought back many specimens, including a previously unknown dik-dik. Another member of Salt's party, William Coffin, chose to remain in Abyssinia when Salt returned to England in 1811. In 1812 Salt became a fellow of the Royal Society and of the Linnean Society, and a correspondent of the Institut de France. In 1812 he was elected one of the very few honorary members of the African Association in acknowledgement of information he had procured in its interest. In 1814 he published A Voyage to Abyssinia, which was received with some acclaim" (Oxford DNB).


92. HECQUARD, [Louis] Hyacinthe (1814-1866)
Voyage sur la côte et dans l'interieur de l'Afrique Occidentale. [Voyage to the Coast and Interior of West Africa].

Paris: ‎Imprimerie de Bénard et Cie, 1855. First Public Edition. Quarto. [iv], 409 pp. With a tinted lithograph frontispiece and three other tinted lithographs on plates, three folding lithographed maps, and a plan. Handsome period style brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards and vellum tips. Maps and plan mildly browned otherwise a very good copy.
The frontispiece shows Grand Bassam, the main French base in Côte d'Ivoire. This account is "an important source of ethnographic and art historical information.., Hyacinthe Hecquard, geographer, military officer, and diplomat, arrived in Senegal in 1843 to serve with the "Spahis Senegalais.' In 1849 he was named commanding officer of the French fort at Bakel in the Senegal Valley, a position he held for sixteen months. As a geographer, Hecquard was anxios to travel to the Niger River. In 1849 the French administration in West Africa authorized this journey, which was to follow an unusual and, ultimately, an impractical route. Hecquard arrived at Grand Bassam to begin his overland trek on November 19, 1849. For three months he struggled to convince recalcitrant Muslim traders, whom he called "Bambaras," to guide him into the interior. He finally admitted defeat and returned to Grand Bassam. In August 1850 he set out again, this time from Casamance (present-day south-western Senegal). The revised itinerary took him to Futa Jallon, which was then just beginning to attract the attention of the French in St. Louis for its commercial prospects. The venture was successful and Hecquard spent four months in the Futa Jallon" (Peter Mark, "France took an interest in the 1840s, enticing local chiefs to grant French commercial traders a monopoly along the coast. Thereafter, the French built naval bases to keep out non-French traders and began a systematic conquest of the interior" (Wikipedia); Hess & Coger 5538.‎


93. HENSEL, Johann Daniel (1757-1839)
Historisch-topographische Beschreibung der Stadt Hirschberg in Schlesien, seit ihrem Ursprunge bis auf das Jahr 1797. [Historical and Topographical Description of the City of Hirschberg (Jelenia Góra) in Silesia, from its Origins to the Year 1797].

Hirschberg (Jelenia Góra): Wilhelm Pittschiller & Comp., 1797. First Edition. Octavo. 800 pp. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and an orange gilt titled label. Boards rubbed, but overall in very good original condition.
Rare regional imprint with only nine copies found in Worldcat. Jelenia Góra's "origins officially date back to the legendary founding of the settlement by Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1108, and in 2008 celebrated its 900th anniversary. Jelenia Gora is also mentioned as having been used as a base by Bolesław III Wrymouth for his campaigns against the Czechs in 1110.
In 1281 the city was given an urban charter in 1281, by the Polish duke Bolesław Rogatka during the Ostsiedlung. In 1281 the settlement was first mentioned as Hyrzberc, and in 1288 in Latin as Hyrsbergensium. When the Silesian Piasts lost inheritance and Agnes of Habsburg, the last duchess of Świdnica-Jawor died in 1392, the city passed to Bohemia, ruled by the House of Luxembourg.
The town was inherited by Habsburg Austria in 1526, two years after the town adopted the Protestant faith. A Protestant school was built in 1566. In 1560 a fire destroyed large parts of the city and stopped the economic development, which until then had been characterized by linen-weaving. The city recovered when Joachim Girnth, a shoemaker on a return journey from Holland, introduced veil-weaving. The first "light veils" were offered in 1625, and five years later the city received an imperial privilege by Ferdinand II for these veils.
During the Thirty Years' War the city suffered badly. Hirschberg was beleaguered by troops of both parties, paid high contributions, and during a siege in 1634 the city burned down again. Two more sieges followed in 1640 and 1641. The town needed several years to recover. One reason for the new boost was the creation of a merchant society 1658, which secured Hirschbergs position as the most important center of linen and veil trade in the Silesian mountains during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The Protestants of the city were oppressed during the Counter-Reformation, but the second Treaty of Altranstädt, which allowed a Protestant community center and church to be established outside the medieval city walls, brought relief. Great sacrifices by the merchant society, especially its most prominent member Christian Menzel, made the construction of a large church, modeled after Church of Catherine in Stockholm, possible. The cemetery of the church was the preferred burial place for most merchant families. Hirschberg was annexed with Lower Silesia by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Silesian Wars. The city was again partly destroyed, had to pay contributions and was seized several times..,
In 1800, Jonh Quincy Adams, ambassador in Berlin of that time, and future President of United States of America visited Jelenia Góra and said : "Nothing can be more beautiful, than the location of Jelenia Góra , beautifully built city with numerous splendid buildings, in a valley surrounded by hills on all sides, with the magnificent view of the Karkonosze Mountains"" (Wikipedia).


94. HORSBURGH, James, F.R.S. (1762-1836)
[Autograph Letter Signed “Jas. Horsburgh” to B.S. Jones, Esq., Secretary of the India Board Introducing the Charts of the Java Sea Straits Recently Published by Horsburgh].

East India House [London], 16 January 1819. Quarto (ca. 22,5x18 cm). 4 pp. (text on page 1). Brown ink on watermarked laid paper, addressed on the 4th page. Legible handwriting. Mild fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
Interesting letter by James Horsburgh, noted Scottish navigator and chart maker, official hydrographer of the East India Company (since 1810) and Fellow of the Royal Society. He became known his precise maps and navigational directories of the East Indies, in particular around Singapore, including his famous “Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies, China, New Holland…” (2 parts, 1809-1811), which became the standard navigation guide for the area, known as the “East India Directory”. Horsburgh also supervised the engraving and publishing of the famous “Atlas of India” (London, 1827- …).
The letter, addressed to the secretary of the India Board B.S. Jones, regards Horsburgh’s recently published charts of Gaspar, Bangka and Sunda Straits adjacent to the Java Sea: “Having a few days ago published a Chart of the Straits of Banca and Gaspar on the same scale as my late Chart of the Strait of Sunda which I had the pleasure to forward you; permit me to send a copy of the above mentioned Chart also, in case yourself or any of the Gentlemen at the India Board should have occasion to advert to these places, as the delineation of the Coasts of Banca &c. Is more correct that in any former publication”.
The mentioned maps were published under the titles: “To Captain Krusenstern, of the Imperial Russian Navy, as a tribute for his laudable exertions to benefit navigation and maritime science, this chart of the Strait of Sunda is inscribed” (Jun. 1818) and" Chart of the Straits of Gaspar, Straits of Banca, and adjacent areas of the China and Java Seas” (Jan. 1819).
“East India House was the London headquarters of the East India Company, from which much of British India was governed until the British government took control of the Company's possessions in India in 1858” (Wikipedia). “The Right Honourable Board of Commissioners for the Affairs of India (commonly known as the India Board or the Board of Control) was an arm of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for managing the Government's interest in British India and the East India Company between 1784 and 1858” (Wikipedia).


95. JACKSON, Welby Brown (1802-1890)
[Original Watercolour View of Benares (Varanasi)].

Ca. 1856. Watercolour and pencil on cardboard, heightened in white, ca. 42x58 cm (16 ¾ x22 ¾ in). Later pencil caption "Welby Jackson. 1856. Benares" on verso. Recently matted, near fine, bright watercolour.
This beautiful view of Benares shows the River Ganges with white temples and ghats in the background, and clothes washers on the riverbank in the foreground. The right part of the picture details a wooden bridge spanned across the Ganges, with bull carts crossing.
Welby Jackson was an official in British India in the first half of the 19th century. He was noted to be in Calcutta in 1823 and held the office of Judge of Sudder Court there; in 1826 he was appointed Register to the Nizamut Adawlut for the Western Provinces at Allahabad (The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Regicter for British India and its dependencies. Vol. XXII. London, 1826. P. 469). The beginning of 1860's sees him back in Buckinghamshire, England (see The Peerage, A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe, on-line).
Two of Jackson’s sepia sketches of the city of Gaya (Bihar, India) executed in 1830 are now in the Asia, Pacific and Africa collections of the British Library.


96. JANSSONIUS, Johannes (1588-1664)
Mar di Aethiopia Vulgo Oceanus Aethiopicus [Map of the South Atlantic with Africa, South America and Antarctica].

Amsterdam, 1647. Outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 44x56 cm (17x22 in). A strong impression. With some very mild foxing, otherwise the map is in very good condition.
"The sea chart of the Atlantic Ocean featured here first appeared in Jansson's Atlantis Majoris and includes almost the whole of South America and the western and southern coastlines of Africa.., An elongated landmass along the lower border is labelled Terra Australis Incognita..," (Norwich 240). Janssonius "formed a partnership with his brother in law Henricus Hondius, and together they published atlases as Mercator/Hondius/Janssonius. Under the leadership of Janssonius the Hondius Atlas was steadily enlarged. Renamed Atlas Novus, it had three volumes in 1638" (Wikipedia).


[HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE: Beautiful Manuscript Regulations for Shoemakers of the City of Grumberg, Moravia (Modern Podlesi, Czech Republic), Signed by the High Chancellor of Bohemia Count Johann Wenzel Wratislaw von Mirowitz]: Wir Joseph, von Gottes Gnaden Erwehler Römischer Kayser, zu allen Zeiten Mehrer des Reichs in Germanien...

Vienna, 14 January 1711. Folio (ca. 34x28 cm). Thirty-two unnumbered pages on eighteen vellum leaves, unsown. Black ink manuscript text in Fracture and calligraphic handwriting; calligraphic initials. Signed at the end by Count Johann Wenzel Wratislaw von Mirowitz and countersigned by three more officials. Bound in the original full vellum folder with gilt tooled floral ornamental borders and Austrian Imperial eagles on both boards. With a large masterly executed watercolour scene of Cain killing Abel (ca. 22,5x14,5 cm, within a gilt border) pasted to the front paste down. Without the original seal and fastening straps. Boards with some wear, the watercolour with some minor water damage (Cain’s face), but the manuscript is very good and sound.
Original 18th century manuscript regulations for shoemakers, granted by the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I to the city of Grumberg in Moravia (modern Podlesi, Czech Republic). The regulations consist of twenty paragraphs and supplementary texts. "...Vigesimo und zum Letzten, Solle auf des Vatters Herberge in anwesenheyt zweyer beysitzer Maister, nebst zweyen alten Schuhknechten die gute Policey geliebt, und hingegen das Böße, nach Inhalt der Articulen, und derengebräuchen, abgestraffet werden..." The document is signed by the High Chancellor of Bohemia Count Johann Wenzel Wratislaw von Mirowitz (ca. 1670-1712) and countersigned by the Bohemian Vice Chancellor Franz Ferdinand Graf Kinsky (1678-1741), both important figures in the politics and diplomacy of the Bohemian kingdom. The original vellum covers adorned with the Austrian Imperial eagles and with a masterly executed watercolour depicting the scene of Cain killing Abel (attached to the front paste down). A very nice document.


98. KEHRBERG, Augustin (1668-1734)
[Historical and Chronological Description of Koenigsberg in the Neumark]. Augustini Kehrberges, Historisch-Chronologischer Abriß, Der Stadt Königsberg in der Neu-Marck : In 2 Abtheilungen dieselbe also vorstellende, Daß in der ersten, dero ... Gebäude, vornehmste Amts-Persohnen ... Samt einem Entwurff von der Neu-Marck ... In der andern aber der Stadt mancherley Fata und Unfälle, so sie durch Krieg ... Mit einem Anhange sonderbahrer Begebnisse dieses Orts, so wol aus glaubwürdigen Historicis und Documenten ... ; Nebst einer Vor-Rede, Johann Christoff Beckmanns, .SS. Th. D. Und Prof. Der Universit. Franckfurt.

Franckfurt (Oder) & Prentzlau: Jeremias Schrey, Joh.Gottfr. Conradi & A. Kobsen, 1714-5. First Edition. Small Quarto. [xxiv], 212, [viii], 96, [ii] pp. Title printed in red and black. Period light brown gilt tooled half sheep with speckled boards and a beige gilt titled label. Boards mildly rubbed, text with some sporadic mild foxing but overall in very good original condition.
Rare regional imprint with only six copies found in Worldcat. "Konigesberge" [was mentioned] for the first time in 1244 and passed to the Bishopric of Brandenburg after its acquisition of part of the Neumark in 1252. Populated with German knights and colonists, the town's name "Konigesberge" evolved into the German name "Königsberg" ("King's Mountain"), with (in der Neumark) added to differentiate it from the much larger Königsberg (now Kaliningrad) in East Prussia. After the cession of the "terra Konigesberge" from the Bishops of Brandenburg to the Ascanian Margraves of Brandenburg, the town was granted the right to hold a market as well as regional legal jurisdiction, causing it to become the main town of the Neumark at that time.
A parish church by existed by 1282, while an Augustian monastery was founded in 1290. From 1310 to 1329 the town experienced an economic boom linked to the grain trade, and received further market privileges. The town hall was built in 1320. Trade goods were shipped over the Oder and Röhricke rivers. During the 13th and 14th centuries a defensive wall was built around the town with numerous towers and three city gates (Schwedter Tor, Bernikower Tor, and Vierradener Tor — the latter demolished in the 19th century). From 1402 to 1454 the town was under the control of the Teutonic Knights after the pawning of the Neumark by the March of Brandenburg. The Church of St. Mary and the new town hall (1410) built during this time were some of the most aesthetically pleasing Gothic buildings in the Neumark.
The strong town withstood an attack by the Hussites in 1433 during the Hussite Wars. The town flourished economically during the German Renaissance beginning in the 15th century, but the majority of its population died from three plagues during the 16th and 17th centuries. It had several churches: the Augustinian monastery church, the Augustinian hospital church of the Holy Spirit, and the Churches of Saints Mary, Nicholas, George, and Gertrude. The town gradually converted to Lutheranism from 1539-1553 during the Protestant Reformation, resulting in the dissolution of the monastery in 1536. Its buildings were instead used as a hospital and school, while its church was used as a storehouse. During the Thirty Years' War, it was occupied at different times by the Imperial troops of Albrecht von Wallenstein and the Swedish troops of King Gustavus Adolphus, in the course of which the town was 52% destroyed. After the destruction of the Church of St. Mary's tower by a lightning bolt in 1682, reconstruction commenced until 1692" (Wikipedia).


99. KRASHENINNIKOV, Stepan Petrovich (1711-1755)
Histoire de Kamtschatka, Des Isles Kurilski, et Des Contrées Voisines, Publiée à Petersbourg, en Langue Russienne, par ordre de Sa Majesté Impériale. On y a joint deux Cartes, l'une de Kamtschatka, & l'autre des Isles Kurilski. Traduite par M. E***. [The History of Kamtschatka, and the Kurilski Islands, with the Countries Adjacent].

Lyon: Chez Benoit Duplain, 1767. First French Edition. Small Octavo. [viii], xv, [i], 327; [viii], 359 pp. With two large copper engraved folding maps. Handsome period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with red and black gilt labels. A near fine set.
"The Russian Krasheninnikov started out across Siberia with Gerhard Friedrich Mueller and Johann Georg Gmelin, and then made his own way to Kamchatka. When Georg Wilhelm Steller arrived in Kamchatka to supervise his work, Krasheninnikov left in order to avoid becoming Steller's assistant, and returned to St. Petersburg. Krasheninnikov nonetheless was able to make use of Steller's notes in the preparation of his own narrative, and the inclusion of Steller's observations on America, made during his travels with Bering's second voyage, are an important part of this work, and constitute one of the earliest accounts of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. Steller's account was not published until 1793. This work details the customs, morals, and religion of the Kamchatka peninsula, and discusses the power exercised by the magicians. Also described are the differences between the dialects of the Kamchatkans and those of the Korsairs and of the Kurile islanders. This is the first scientific account of those regions" (Hill 948-9).
"The first French edition, translated by Marc Antoine Eidous from the English of James Grieve, of the Russian Krasheneninnikov's important account of Kamchatka, Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, which was based upon his own travels and those of George Wilhelm Stellar" (Bonhams); "Krasheninnikov journeyed through Siberia (1733-36) and the Kamchatka Peninsula (1737-41) before giving the first full description of the latter. Krasheninnikov volcano (6089 feet) is named after him" (Sotheby's); Cox I, p.351; Howgego K37; Lada-Mocarski 12; Sabin38303.


100. KUSAKABE, Kinbei (1841-1934)
[Beautiful Original Lacquered Leporello Album with Twenty-Six Hand-Coloured Albumen Prints of Yokohama, Lake Hakone, Tokyo, and Curious Group Portrait of British Golf Players in Japan].

Ca. 1890. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x35,5 cm). With Twenty-six hand coloured albumen prints ca. 20x25,5cm (8x10 in), the majority captioned in negative on the lower margins. The photos are mounted on original card leaves in accordion fashion, with tissue guards, and loosely inserted between two original black lacquered wooden boards decorated with elaborate hand painted and inlayed scenes. The lacquered covers have some minor chipping on extremities; some leaves with minor staining, but the photos are bright and sound. Overall a beautiful album in very good condition.
A beautiful album of Japanese views by noted Japanese photographer, Kusakabe Kinbei, designed in his traditional accordion fashion and housed in the original lacquered boards, decorated with elaborate hand-painted and inlayed scene from a Japanese fairytale (front board) and insects and flowers (rear board). The photos include ten views of Yokohama (the Railway Station, the wharf, city line and harbour taken from above, the Bund, Camp Hill, Bluff in summer and winter, Mississippi Bay, and Theatre street), eight superb views of Lake Hakone and its surroundings (Hakone Village, Ashinoyu hot springs, Miyanoshita et al.), and three serene views of Tokyo temples and gardens (Ikegami Temple, maples in Oji and Cherry Park in Uyeno). The album is supplemented with two curious group portraits of British residents in Japan, apparently executed by the same studio. The first one features members of a local golf club, posing on a field with golf-clubs; the second one shows a theatrical presentation with participants dressed in costumes of playing cards. Overall a beautiful album in very good condition.
“Kusakabe Kimbei was a Japanese photographer. He usually went by his given name, Kimbei, because his clientele, mostly non-Japanese-speaking foreign residents and visitors, found it easier to pronounce than his family name. Kusakabe Kimbei worked with Felice Beato and Baron Raimund von Stillfried as a photographic colourist and assistant before opening his own workshop in Yokohama in 1881 in the Benten-dōri quarter, and from 1889 operating in the Honmachi quarter. He also opened a branch in the Ginza quarter of Tokyo. Around 1885, he acquired the negatives of Felice Beato and of Stillfried, as well as those of Uchida Kuichi. Kusakabe also acquired some of Ueno Hikoma's negatives of Nagasaki. He stopped working as a photographer in 1912-1913. Most of his albums are mounted in accordion fashion” (Wikipedia).


101. LEAKE, W[illiam] M[artin], Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Engineers (1777-1860)
Map of Egypt [With Inset] Supplement to the Map of Egypt or Course of the Nile from Essouan to the Confines of Dongola.

London: J. Arrowsmith, 1840. A very large outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 130x76 cm (51x30 in). The map is dissected into 40 sections and backed on linen. The map is in very good condition.
"This extremely detailed map of the course of the Nile was produced by William Martin Leake, a leading British authority on the topography of the region. In March 1802, Leake was employed to make a general survey of Egypt together with W.R. Hamilton and Charles Hayes. On his return to England, his ship sank and all Leake's valuable notes on the Egyptian survey perished. His chart was subsequently published in 1818 after his retirement, incorporating additional material from Sir Alexander Bryce, M. Nouet, and others. The map provides extensive information on the Nile, ancient ruins, the Suez Canal, roads and railways, and is filled with voluminous notations. It extends south to Aswan, and beyond in an inset, as far as Dongola" (Old World Auctions).
"A journey through Asia Minor in 1800 to join the British fleet at Cyprus inspired [Leake] with an interest in antiquarian topography. In 1801, after travelling across the desert with the Turkish army to Egypt, he was, on the expulsion of the French, employed in surveying the valley of the Nile as far as the cataracts; but having sailed with the ship engaged to convey the Elgin marbles from Athens to England, he lost all his maps and observations when the vessel foundered off Cerigo in Greece. Shortly after his arrival in England he was sent out to survey the coast of Albania and the Morea, with the view of assisting the Turks against attacks of the French from Italy, and of this he took advantage to form a valuable collection of coins and inscriptions and to explore ancient sites. In 1807, war having broken out between Turkey and England, he was made prisoner at Salonica; but, obtaining his release the same year, he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Ali Pasha of Ioannina, whose confidence he completely won, and with whom he remained for more than a year as British representative.
In 1810 he was granted a yearly sum of £600 for his services in Turkey. In 1815 he retired from the army, in which he held the rank of colonel, devoting the remainder of his life to topographical and antiquarian studies. He was admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 13 April 1815. He died at Brighton on the 6 January 1860. The marbles collected by him in Greece were presented to the British Museum; his bronzes, vases, gems and coins were purchased by the University of Cambridge after his death, and are now in the Fitzwilliam Museum. He was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, received the honorary DCL at Oxford (1816), and was a member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences and correspondent of the Institute of France" (Wikipedia); Tooley K-P, p.104.


102. LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Bronze Commemorative Wood Framed Bust Plaque of David Livingstone].

Ca. 1873. 10 cm (4 inch) diameter bronze commemorative bust plaque of David Livingstone with a 2,5 cm (1 inch) period black wooden frame. "David Livingstone 1813-1873" written in ink on verso. Frame with a crack, otherwise the plaque is in very good condition.
This well executed plaque is an excellent example of a commemorative souvenir produced immediately after Livingstone's death. "In death Livingstone became once more a national hero.., He was acclaimed once again as a great abolitionist: his numerous reports on the slavers' advance across Africa from the east coast were seen to have led to the treaty against the trade enforced on the sultan of Zanzibar in 1873.., Stanley had, of course, taken the lead in reviving Livingstone's celebrity and his book, How I Found Livingstone (1872), presented the traveller as a genial saint. Horace Waller, who had been with the UMCA at Magomero, fastidiously edited Livingstone's Last Journals (1874), a poignant testimony to soul-searching, suffering, forbearance, and tenacity. These books, and their derivatives, contributed to a Livingstone legend which had begun with Missionary Travels. There was a peculiar romance about the lone missionary ever pressing into new country, concerned not to convert but to bear Christian witness by preaching the gospel, giving magic-lantern shows, and speaking against slavery. Livingstone became a symbol of what the British—and other Europeans—wished to believe about their motives as they took over tropical Africa in the late nineteenth century: in effect he redeemed the colonial project" (Oxford DNB).


103. LUMSDEN, Sir Peter Stark (1829-1918)
[An Historically Important Archive of Thirteen Items Relating to the Career of Sir Peter Stark Lumsden. The Archive Covers Lumsden's Career in India for the Period ca. 1870-1883].

Lumsden "served as quartermaster-general in India between 1868 and 1873. He was made a full colonel in March 1870 and became aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria. In 1872 he was appointed resident to Hyderabad, and CB the following year. He was created CSI, served as adjutant-general of India (1874-9), and became the chief of staff of India in September 1879, having been knighted in July. He was also extremely enterprising: when Sir Frederick Roberts led his column on Kandahar during the Second Afghan War (1878–80) he was approached by a foul-smelling fakir, an ‘extraordinary looking creature’, who claimed to have obtained valuable intelligence on the Afghan forces. Roberts did not realize the fakir was Lumsden, who had been on his own personal reconnaissance in an elaborate disguise with ‘decoration of peculiar sanctity … dirt, wig and all’. He was also known for his great physical fitness: recovering from scarlet fever, he was alerted to the presence nearby of a man who was drowning. He asked the crowd if someone would volunteer to rescue the man since he himself was quite ill, but, when no one stepped forward, he plunged in, and, with extraordinary effort, pulled the man to safety. Lumsden was promoted major-general in 1881, and in 1883 became a member of the Council of India, where he was thought of as someone with a ‘sturdy independence’ of mind"(Oxford DNB).The archive includes:
1. ALS from Lord Lawrence on cuts to the Indian Army, octavo, three pages, the first page black edged and embossed with a coronet and the address 26 Queen’s Gate addressed to Colonel Peter Lumsden, C.B., C.S.I., dated 19th May 1873, addressing him My dear Lumsden and signed Lawrence. The letter notes that Lawrence is to be examined by the Finance Committee and requests information on the various strengths of the Army in India and in each of the Presidencies. Lawrence seeks a meeting with Lumsden to discuss the proposed cuts in the army and observes “My idea generally is that both in Europeans & Natives we have cut down the Army as low as we ought to do. Madras might spare some Native Troops perhaps, but then these seem to be our only reserves.” The blank rear leaf of the letter is pasted to an old album leaf; the top third of the first page is browned but the whole is sound.
John Lawrence was asked to serve an extra year as Viceroy and, on his return to England, he was raised to the peerage as Lord Lawrence of the Punjaub. He died in 1879.
2. Group Portraits showing Viceroys: Sir John Lawrence and Lord Mayo. An old album leaf with on the one side a portrait of Sir John Lawrence seated at a table with members of his council and staff, circa 1865, including Gen Sir Robert Napier [later Lord Napier of Magdala], Gen. Sir Hugh Rose [later Lord Strathnairn], his military Secretary Col Sir Henry Durand, Col Henry Norman [in uniform], Sir Charles Trevelyan, Col Richard Strachey. The image strong and clear is ca. 16 x 22cm (6 x 8.5in.), The verso has a 19 x 18cm (7.5 x 7in.) group portrait of the succeeding Viceroy, Lord Mayo, with his senior military staff at Peshawar in 1870. The portrait includes Gen Lord Napier, Col Peter Lumsden (QMG), Col Henry Norman [Military Member]. There are two small tears without loss lower right. The majority of the sitters wear military uniform, some with medals; Lord Minto [the only Viceroy to be assassinated] wears a frock coat and the star and ribbon of the Grand Master of the Order of the Star of India.
Napier acted as Governor General during an interim period following the death of the Earl of Elgin in 1863 and Norman turned down the position of Viceroy in succession to Lord Lansdowne in 1894.
3. A manuscript letter, written in a neat secretarial hand on two sides of a single sheet of plain folio paper, addressed to Lieut. Colonel P. S. Lumsden, C.B., Quarter Master General, thanking Lumsden, on behalf of the Viceroy [Lord Mayo], for his trouble in connection with the investiture of H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh as an Extra Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. “Your exertions as Marshal of the Encampment were indefatigable. At great sacrifice of time and labour, you made a variety of complicated arrangements which resulted in the absence of everything in the shape of confusion or inconvenience either among those who took part in the ceremonial or among the large number of persons who attended as spectators.” The letter is dated Fort William, The 4th January 1870 and signed C. U. Aitchison Offg. Secretary to the Govt of India.
4. Notification of Award of C.S.I. To Colonel Peter Lumsden. A single folio sized sheet of paper written on both sides in a formal secretarial hand, noting that the Viceroy, Lord Mayo, is sending the grant from the Queen appointing Lumsden a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, together with a mention of a covenant concerning return of insignia, signed C. U. Aitchison by the Secretary to the Order, C U Aitchison, CSI and dated Simla 3rd June 1870.
The document also notes that the Badge of the Order has already been presented to Lumsden privately by the Junior Under Secretary to the Foreign Department .
5. Grant of Companion of the Order of the Star of India to Lumsden, Signed by the Sovereign of the Order, Victoria R. A manuscript document written in fine palace script on two sides of a bifolium, appointing Peter Stark Lumsden, Esquire Colonel in Our Army, Major in the Bengal Staff Corps and Quarter Master General to be a Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, signed By Her Majesty’s Command Pagett, dated 22nd March 1870 and applied with the paper seal of the Order and signed at the head of the first page Victoria R. Excellent condition with the usual fold marks.
A fairly early award of the CSI, which had only been instituted in 1861. Lumsden was to go on to be awarded the CB, KCB and eventually the GCB.
6. Original photograph of Col Peter Lumsden, C.B., C.S.I. A carte de visite ca. 9 x 5.5 cm (3. 5 x 2 in.) bust length portrait showing the colonel in dress uniform wearing his CB and CSI with his campaign medals, circa 1870. With no sign of ever having been attached to a photographer’s card.
At this period the CB and the CSI were both worn as breast badges and not from the neck.
7. The appointment of Lumsden as Resident to the Court of Hyderabad. A formal letter of appointment written on two sides of a bifolium in palace script addressed to Colonel P. S. Lumsden, C.S.I. Of the Bengal Staff Corps appointing him to be the Viceroy’s Representative to the Court of His Highness Nawab Meer Muhboob Ali Khan, Bahadur during the three month absence of the Resident of Hyderabad, C.B. Saunders, C.B. On privilege leave. The document is dated Simla, this 28th day of June 1872 and signed by the Viceroy Northbrook above the large inked Seal of the Supreme Government of India. The document is in very good condition, with the usual folds and is pasted by the blank second sheet to an old album leaf. Together with a copy letter in manuscript similarly presented, certified as a true copy and signed by the Registrar Foreign Deptt. This is the letter sent by Lord Northbrook Simla The 28th June 1872 addressed His Highness Asuf Jah Muzufer-ool-Mumalik Nizam-ool-Moolk Nizam-ood Dowlah Nawab Meer Muhboob Ali Khan Bahadur Futteh Jung, Hyderabad and advises him that Col Lumsden, “an officer who possesses my full confidence, and of high standing and character in the service of the British Government, has been appointed to officiate as Resident....” Northbrook adds that this friendly letter will be delivered personally by Lumsden. Great care was attached to the appointment of Residents and Agents as they had the delicate task of interpreting government policy to the rulers.
8. The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Ceremonial to be observed at The Grand Chapter of The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India to be held at Calcutta, on Saturday, the 1st January 1876. 14pp folio, sewn as issued but the sewing now loose. The first page is headed with the badge of the Order. The final unnumbered blank page is stuck to an old album leaf. The various headings, printed in red, are Object of the Grand Chapter, Formation and Arrangement of Encampment, Arrangement of Seats within the Chapter Tent, Arrival of Spectators and Members of the Order, Grand Procession to the Chapter Tent, Opening of the Chapter, Decoration of Companions of the Order, Closing of the Chapter. An appendix details the order of the carriage cortège for HRH The Prince of Wales and HE The Grand Master. This important chapter marked the Prince of Wales’s visit to India. The Raja of Jhind and the Maharaja of Jodhpur were invested as Knights Grand Commander. The KCSI’s to be invested were the Maharaja of Punna, the Raja of Nahun, Rao Holker Dad Sahib of Indore, Col the Hon H Ramsay, Gen Runnodeep Sing Rana Bahadur [C-in-c of the Nepalese Army], Rao Raja Gunput Rao Kirkee, & Mumtaz-ud-Dowlah Mahummad Faiz Ali Khan. Two civil servants and one other Indian were created CSI. Details of the elaborate procession and tented accommodation are given including the procession of existing Knights Grand Commander with their banner holders (Major Gen Dighton Probyn VC in the case of the Prince] and attendants. The reverse of the album leaf has a large scale plan of the tents with title and coloured badge of the Order. The Knights Grand Commander attending the ceremony were the Begum of Bhopal, H E Nawab Sir Salar Jung Bahadur of Nepal, the Maharajas of Patiala, Travancore, Rewah, Holkar of Indore, Cashmere, Sindia of Gwalior, and Sir Bartle Frere.
Provenance: Major General Sir Peter Lumsden, who is listed among the 29 Companions of the Order who attended.
9. Order of the Star of India: A small printed sheet [5 x 8ins] commanding the recipient to attend a chapter of the Order at Calcutta on 1st January 1876, for the Investiture of the Rulers of Jodhpore, Rampore, and Jheend as Knights Grand Commanders of the Order. Printed in blue and signed by the Secretary of the Order, “C. U. Aitchison”, Dated Simla 39th August 1875 and made out to Major Genl. P. S. Lumsden, C.S.I.. Pasted to part of an old album sheet, slightly soiled. Together with: Collar Days. A printed folio sized sheet of paper listing the Collar days for Orders from the era of Queen Victoria. 3 faint horizontal folds, otherwise clean.
10. ALS from John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley [1826-1902], two pages octavo with printed address 35 Lowndes Square, S.W., addressed to Maj Gen Sir P Lumsden, K.C.B.. The letter, dated Nov 18th 1883, expresses Kimberley’s pleasure in recommending Lumsden to the Queen for appointment to the Indian Council in the place of Sir Henry Norman and is signed Kimberley. First page a bit browned. The Earl of Kimberley was Secretary of State for India 1882-85. His endorsement would be almost certain to guarantee Lumsden’s appointment.


104. MASON, George Nelson Pomeroy, Commander, Indian Navy (1828-1890)
[Six Original Watercolour Views of Bombay Harbour and the Konkan Coast].

[1855]. Six watercolours on watermarked laid paper. Four watercolours ca. 11 to 14 x36,5 cm (4 ½ to 5 ½ x 14 ¼ in), one watercolour ca. 17,5x 25 cm (6 ¾ x 10 in), and a large sepia watercolour ca. 25,5x36 cm (10 x 14 ¼ in). One watercolour captioned in ink, one captioned and dated in pencil; one - with additional watercolour sketch on verso. Recently matted. A very good collection.
Six atmospheric watercolours of Bombay harbour and the surrounding Konkan coast, drawn by an officer of the Indian Navy George N.P. Mason. He served in the Bombay Presidency for over twenty years, starting as a midshipman in 1842 and retiring at the rank of Commander in the early 1860s. The “East India Register and Army List for 1854” reported of Mason as a midshipman on a steam packet vessel Feerooz (8 guns, launched in Bombay in 1846); and in 1858 he was already listed as a Lieutenant-Commander of a schooner Georgiana (launched 1855), tender to sloop Clive, Persian Gulf (Colburn’s United Service Magazine for 1858, p. 802).
The watercolours apparently created during Mason’s service as a midshipman on Feerooz include four panoramic views and a large black sepia watercolour of Bombay harbour and the coast, with native sail boats at sea and distant mountainous shoreline in the background. There is also a colourful view of the Funnel Hill (Karnala Fort) – a 13th-century Indian coastal fortification, in possession of the British East India Company since 1818. Dated 23 April 1855, the watercolour was drawn at “3 p.m., after a very rainy morning”. “For rounding the Prong and entering the harbour, a good mark in clean weather is the Funnel Hill, remarkable by a rock on it resembling a chimney, and is situated behind Caranja Island, about 18 miles eastward from Bombay Castle” (Bombay Harbour and the circumjacent land, with sailing directions// India Directory, or Directions for sailing to and from the East Indies… Vol. 1. London, 1826, p. 342).


105. MENZEL, Karl Adolf (1784-1855)
Geschichte Schlesiens [History of Silesia].

Wroclaw (Breslau): Grass & Barth, [1807-1810]. First Edition. Quarto, 4 vols. in one. 888 pp. With four title vignettes, seventeen copper engravings, and two portrait copper engravings (all issued and thus complete, although the title pages advertise a total of twenty plates). Period brown half sheep with brown papered boards. Binding with wear, text with some finger soiling, two leaves loose and with edge repair not affecting text and head of spine with a minor tear. Overall a good copy.
A detailed history of Silesia issued in a total of 109 parts encompassing Silesia's early history and its time as a part of the Bohemian, Habsburg and Prussian states. The copper engravings by G. Boettger illustrate key events in Silesian history.


106. MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
Russia cum confiniis [Map of Russia and Surroundings].

1609. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 35,5x47,5 cm (ca. 14 x 18 ¾ in). French text on verso. Map reinforced with old paper at centerfold, paper aged and browned, otherwise a very good map.
A map of European Russia from the French edition of Mercator’s Atlas. The map shows the Scandinavian peninsula, the Baltic states and Prussia in the west; Ob river and Black Sea - in the east and south. The insert gives a detailed overview of central Muscovy north and west of Moscow, from Tver and Uglich in the east to Ladoga and Vitebsk in the north and west. Koeman Atlantes Neerlandici 1800:1A


107. MONTEIRO, Manoel, S.J. (1604-1680)
[Autograph Letter Signed "Manuel Montro", addressed to D. João IV, Regarding the Portuguese Attempt to Seize the Fortress at Angra, on Ilha Terceira (the Azores) from the Spaniards, during the Portuguese Restoration War].

Angra do Heroísmo (the Azores), 8 April 1641. Folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on laid paper, text in Portuguese written in a dense but legible hand. Period commentary in a different hand on the top margin of the first page. Fold marks, weak and partly detached on the centrefold, very minor tears on extremities, some neatly repaired. Overall in very good condition.
Official report to the Portuguese King D. João IV by his emissary comprising an original, eyewitness account of the early stages of siege by the Portuguese of the Spanish-held Angra fortress on Terceira Island (the Azores) in 1641-1642. Soon after D. João IV's acclamation (1 December 1640), Manoel Monteiro, a Jesuit, was dispatched to Angra to negotiate on D. João’s behalf with D. Alvaro de Vieiros, the Spanish commander. Monteiro arrived in January 1641. In this report to D. João, he describes the behavior and armament of the Spaniards as well as the progress of the negotiations. He also analyzes events to date and cites two possible threats to the situation on the island. The siege of San Philippe del Monte Brasil (in this document, “Castello de S. Philippe”) began on 27 March 1641, about a week before this letter was written. It lasted until the Spanish surrender on 4 March 1642, when the Spaniards were permitted to retreat with their personal arms and two bronze artillery pieces. The surrender of the fort ended Spanish dominion on Terceira. The Portuguese renamed the fort São João Baptista, after D. João’s patron saint.
The manuscript has a period inscription at the top of first leaf, giving a short summary of the letter: "Relação original que mandarão a El Rey D. João o 4 os Pdes. Da Compª de que socedeo na Ilha 3ª, quando chegou a not[ici]a de ser aclamado, e do que con os Castelhanos se passou na Cid[ad]e de Angra, onde soccederão couzas prodigiosos." The text of the letter was apparently first published in “Boletim da Sociedade de Bibliophilos Barbosa Machado”, rare Portuguese bibliophile magazine of the early 20th century, most likely as an article and an offprint, as a small publication with the same title is listed in Worldcat (Relação. Original que mandarão a el-rey d. João o 4º os padres da comp[anhi]a do que soccedeo na ilha 3ª, quando chegou a nota. De ser aclamado; e do que con os castelhanos se passou na cide. De Angra. Onde soccederão couzas prodigiosas. Publicada por Martinho da Fonseca. Lisbon, 1912, 20 pp., 50 copies).
Fr. Manuel Monteiro (Monforte, 1604-1680) taught Greek and Hebrew in Angra and Lisbon. He published biographies of St. Francis Xavier, St. Ignatius of Loyola, and P. José Anchieta, as well as numerous works on religious subjects.
“Like the Tower of Belém and the Monastery of the Hieronymites in Lisbon, and Goa in India, Angra do Heroismo is directly and tangibly associated with an event of a universal historic significance: the maritime exploration that allowed exchanges between the world's great civilizations. Set in the mid-Atlantic, the port of Angra, obligatory port-of-call for fleets from Africa and the Indies, is the eminent example of a creation linked to the maritime world, within the framework of the great explorations.
Within the history of the maritime explorations of the 15th and 16th centuries, which established communications between the great civilizations of Africa, Asia, America and Europe, Angra do Heroismo holds an eminent position: this port on the island of Terceira, in the Azores, served as a link for almost three centuries between Europe and the 'New World'. Vasco de Gama in 1499 and Pedro de Alvarado in 1536 set up an obligatory port-of-call for the fleets of Equatorial Africa and of the East and West Indies during their voyages back and forth from Europe. A Provedoria das Armadas e Naus da India (Office of Fleets and Vessels of the Indies) was immediately set up there.
The site, admirably chosen by the first navigators, was protected from the prevailing winds by a series of hills; the port comprises two natural basins, that of the Beacon and that of the Anchorage (Angra) from which the village took its name. An impregnable defensive system was installed immediately following its foundation with the construction of the large fortresses of São Sebastião and São Filipe (today named São João Baptista)” (UNESCO World Heritage list online).


108. NAPIER OF MAGDALA, Robert Cornelis‚ 1st Baron, Field Marshal (1810-1890)
[Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Abercrombie Dick, Esq. C.S. At Calcutta‚ Regarding the Conditions of Rent of Napier’s House in Darjeeling].

[Darjeeling], 19 June 1842. Octavo (ca. 18,5x11,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on paper. Addressed and sealed on the last page, and with a postal stamp “Darjeeling”. Mild fold marks, otherwise a very good letter.
Interesting personal letter from renowned military officer of British India, Sir Robert Napier, who took part in the First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars, the Indian Mutiny, the Second Opium War, commanded the expeditionary force in Abyssinia in 1867 and served as Commander-in-Chief of India in 1870-1876. Napier was also one of the founders of the permanent British hill station in Darjeeling in the late 1830s, which soon became a popular summer destination for the British in India, and a major internationally recognized centre of the tea industry.
The letter written shortly before Napier’s leave from Darjeeling, is addressed to a British Indian official in Calcutta, Abercrombie Dick, who was about to rent Napier’s former house: “My Dear Dick, Samuel Smith has purchased my house, De Brets having been too undecided; though I thought otherwise, from his writing to say that if his fee was accepted he would sent up the money before he left Calcutta. Mr. Smith will let You the house as it is for 150 rupees a month for the year certain, and as I would not like let it under 200, I think it’s the most reasonable house fee. You would require to bring up your own Beds, Kitchen utensils and Table service <…>. You would not let the same accommodation from Hisser wretchedly furnished under 200. Mr. Smith will return to Calcutta presently and therefore you will be able to confess with him. <…> I have no doubt he would add any thing You request to the furniture, but would of course request more rent.”
“Early in 1838 he returned to Bengal, and, after a tour of travel, was sent to Darjeeling, the beautiful station in the hill country of Sikkim, which at that time consisted of a few mud huts and wooden houses, cut off by the dense forests from the world, and without roads or even regular supply of provisions. Napier laid out the new settlement and established easy communication with the plain, some seven thousand feet below. To supply the deficiency of skilled workmen and of labourers he completed the organisation of a local corps, called ‘Sebundy sappers,’ which owed its origin to Gilmore. This corps was composed of mountaineers, whom he himself instructed, although only one of them understood Hindustani, and his instruction had to be interpreted. The corps was armed, and expected to fight if necessary. Napier drilled them himself, and was for long his own sergeant. At a later date, when labour became plentiful, the ‘Sebundy sappers’ were disbanded. Napier lived in a log hut, and his fare was rice and sardines, varied occasionally by a jungle fowl” (Old DNB).


109. NICOLAS, Sir Nicholas Harris (1799-1848)
History of the Orders of Knighthood of The British Empire of the Order of the Guelphs of Hanover; and of the Medals, Clasps and Crosses, Conferred for Naval and Military Services.

London: John Hunter, 1842. First Edition. Folio, 4 vols. pp. [vi], lxxxviii + ii + 266; (ii) 267-515, cxi; [vi], 83, xxxvi, iv, 276, cv, viii; (vi), 92, xxvi, iv, [iv], 100, xxi, [vi], 56, [iv], xl, 28, xviii, 24, xcii. Chromolithographed frontispiece, additional chromolithographed title and twenty-one other chromolithographs on plates. Extra illustrated with nine earlier (produced 1699-1827) copper engravings and mezzotints of British monachs including Queen Mary, King William III, Queen Anne and King Georges' I, II, III, IV. Original publisher's brown blind stamped gilt cloth. Recased with original spines laid down. Original spine edges with some chips, otherwise a very good set.
The beautiful chromolithographs produced using George Baxter's methods illustrate the various orders covered in this work including: the Order of the Garter, Order of the Thistle, Order of the Bath, Order of Saint Patrick, Order of Saint Michael and Saint George and Order of the Guelphs. "In 1842 Pickering, in conjunction with John Rodwell, published Nicolas's History of the Orders of Knighthood of the British Empire etc. (4 vols., originally issued in parts) at a cost of between £3000 and £4000. In Muir's view, ‘it is doubtful whether the technical quality of these prints could be surpassed today’; the plates ‘using gold leaf … are truly magnificent’ (Muir, 152). This work continues to be a valuable source for historians of the subject" (Oxford DNB).


110. OSBORN, Sherard, Rear Admiral(1822-1875)
[Autograph Letter Signed by Sherard Osborn to "My Dear Rogers" about his current illness and his time in China].

Ca. 1870. Octavo (ca. 18x11,5 cm). 4 pp. Brown ink on wove paper. With a small printed paper label on the foot of page one "Capt. Sherard Osborn." With a small cloth strip on left, fold marks but otherwise a very good letter.
Judging by the content, Rogers is most likely a naval officer Osborn served with in China. Osborn discusses that he has been ill "for the last three weeks and [is] still very sicketty (sic)." Further he discusses China and mentions Admiral [Sir Alexander Inglis] Cochrane (1758–1832) who he served under in China: "Do know I sometimes regret ever having left China. I had the strangest letters in my favour sent out to Ad. Cochrane by an old friend of his.., I begin to pine for its bright sunny days and Eastern Delights. Those dear old Straits of Malacca. I always look back with pleasure to the days I spent there."
"In September 1837 [Osborn] was entered by Commander William Warren as a first-class volunteer on board the sloop Hyacinth, fitting for the East Indies. The Hyacinth arrived at Singapore in May 1838, and in September was ordered to blockade Kedah, then in a state of revolt. Osborn was appointed to command a tender and so from December 1838 to March 1839 he was ‘captain of his own ship’. The responsibility thrust on him at such an early age went far to strengthen and mature his character. Parts of his journal during the time were published in 1857 as Quedah, or, Stray Leaves from a Journal in Malayan Waters. In 1840 the Hyacinth went to China, and took part in the operations in the Canton River. In 1842 Osborn was moved into the Clio with Commander Troubridge, and in her was present at the capture of Woosung (Wusong) on 16 June. He was afterwards transferred to the Volage, and came home in the Columbine in 1843. He passed his examination in December, and, after going through the gunnery course in the Excellent, was appointed gunnery mate of the Collingwood, fitting out for the Pacific as flagship of Sir George Seymour.
On 4 May 1846 Osborn was promoted lieutenant of the Collingwood, in which he returned to England in the summer of 1848. He then had command of the Dwarf, a small screw-steamer, employed during the disturbances of the year on the coast of Ireland. In 1849, when public attention was turned to the fate of Sir John Franklin, Osborn entered into the question with enthusiasm and energy, and in 1850 was appointed to command the steam tender Pioneer, in the Arctic expedition under Captain Austin in the Resolute. Considered as a surveying expedition, it was eminently successful, and proved that Franklin's ships had not been lost in Baffin's Bay" (Oxford DNB).


111. OWEN, Captain W[illiam] F[itzwilliam] W[entworth] (1774-1857)
Narrative of Voyages to Explore the Shores of Africa, Arabia, and Madagascar; Performed in H. M. Ships Leven and Barracouta, Under the Direction of Captain W. F. W. Owen, R.N. By Command of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty.

London: Richard Bentley, 1833. First Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. xxiii, 434; viii, 420 pp. With five lithographed plates, four large folding engraved charts and five wood-engraved illustrations in text. Period brown gilt tooled half calf with brown patterned cloth boards and brown gilt morocco labels. Plates mildly foxed, otherwise a very good set.
"In 1822 [Owen] was appointed by the Admiralty to command an expedition to survey the coast of East Africa. Remarkably, because no particular European nation had until that time felt a necessity for accurate charts, none existed. The survey team, with their flagship HMS Leven and support vessel Barracouta, started out in January 1822 and worked their way eastwards from Cape Town, then along the coast of Mozambique and the western coast of Madagascar.., Owen's charts remained in use for nearly a century and his remarks were still being reproduced in the Africa Pilot as late as 1893"(Howgego 1800-1850, O11). This voyage "is chiefly known for [its] highly accurate surveys, many of which formed the basis of the charts that were used well into the twentieth century"(Christies).
"Owen was appointed in 1821 to the sloop Leven, in which, with the brig Barracouta also under his command, he was instructed to survey the east coast of Africa from the boundary of Cape Colony to Cape Gardafui. The squadron arrived at Simonstown in July 1822, and returned there from their last surveying season in September 1825, having surveyed some 20,000 miles of coast, depicted in almost 300 charts" (Oxford DNB). "The journals of Captain Owen and his officers.., contain a large amount of varied information respecting many portions of Africa in the first quarter of the nineteenth century" (Mendelssohn II, p. 133); NMMC 221.


112. PALLAS, Peter Simon (1741-1810)
Voyages de M.P.S. Pallas en Differentes Provinces de L'Empire de Russie, Et Dans L'Asie Septentrionale; Traduits de L'Allemand, Par M. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commis des Affaires Etrangeres. [Travels of P.S. Pallas in different Provinces of the Russian Empire, and in Northern Asia, Translated from the German, By Mr. Gauthier de la Peyronie, Commisioner of Foreign Affairs].

Paris: Maradan, 1789-93. First French Edition. Quarto 5 vols & Small Folio Atlas. xxxii, 773, [3]; [iv], 550, [1]; [iv], 491, [1]; [iv], 722, [2]; [iv], 559, [1]; [iv] pp. With a large folding hand-colored copper-engraved map on 2 sheets; 122 copper engravings on 107 sheets, 29 of them folding or double-page. Original pink papered boards, re-backed in style with new printed paper labels. A few leaves with very mild water staining, otherwise a very handsome large uncut set in very original condition.
"In 1767 Pallas received an invitation from Catherine II of Russia to take a position at the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. From that position he was authorized to lead an expedition into Siberia to observe the transit of Venus. He took seven astronomers and five naturalists with him, and the expedition became primarily oriented toward natural history. The exploration continued from 1768 to 1774, during which time some of the information was prepared for publication. The first volume appeared in 1771, a German edition printed in St. Petersburg, with subsequent volumes issued to 1776. The text is a broad survey of all aspects of natural history, as well as a study of the various peoples of Siberia. The atlas includes a number of maps, plus natural history, costume, and scenery, etc" (PBA Galleries).
"The expedition set out from Moscow on 30.4.68.., The first summer was spent traversing the plains of European Russia, and the winter passed at Simbirsk on the Volga. The next year was spent on the borders of Kalmuk Tartary, when Pallas carefully examined the shores of the Caspian Sea. The transit of Venus on 3.6.69 was observed at Tobolsk. The party then proceeded through Orenburg and passed the next winter (1769-70) at Ufa. In 1770 Pallas crossed the Ural Mountains to Katarinenburg, examining the mines in the neighbourhood. In 1771 the members of the expedition reached the Altai Mountains, from where they travelled to winter at Krasnoyarsk, observing that the mercury froze in their thermometers. They also found a wide distribution of mammoth and rhinoceros fossils in the Siberian Ice. In the following spring (1772) Pallas penetrated as far as Lake Baikal, and followed the caravan route as far as Kiakhta on the Mongolian border. For the next two years the members of the expedition slowly proceeded homewards, on the way visiting Astrakhan and the Caucasus Mountains. Pallas arrived back in St. Petersburg in July 1774 with a vast amount of data and many fossil specimens, but broken in health. His hair was apparently whitened with fatigue, and nearly all of his companions had died" (Howgego P10); Atabey 918.


113. PEREYRA, Antonio Pinto (d. 1587)
Historia da India no Tempo em que a Gouernovo Viso Rey Dom Luis de Ataide [History of India During the Government of Viceroy Don Luis de Ataide].

Coimbra: Nicolau Carvalho, 1616. First Edition. Small Folio. [24], 151, [8] pp.; [6], [2 - blank] pp., 162 leaves, [12] pp. Title within ornamental border and with a large woodcut armorial (printer's?) device; tail-pieces and decorative initials. Very handsome period brown elaborately gilt tooled full sheep with minor repairs on the spine. A very good copy.
Very Rare first edition of this early history of the Portuguese in India, with only three copies found in Worldcat (Yale University, the University of Leiden and the British Library). "Mui raro" (Salva y Mallen, P. Catalogo de la Biblioteca de Salva. Valencia, 1872. Vol. II, p. 621).
The book consists of two parts, each with an extensive index of names. The work describes the history of the Portuguese viceroyalty in India during the time of the rule of Don Luís de Ataíde, Count of Atouguia (1517-1581), the 10th Vice-Roy of India in 1568-1571, and 1578-1580. It was the time of the height of Portuguese naval power and of the prosperity of its East-Indian Viceroyalty, especially of Goa which became the capital of the Viceroyalty in 1610. "In 1542, St. Francis Xavier mentions the architectural splendour of the city; but it reached the climax of its prosperity between 1575 and 1625. Travellers marvelled at Goa Dourada, or Golden Goa, and there was a Portuguese proverb, "He who has seen Goa need not see Lisbon." <..,> Until the 18th Century, the Portuguese governor in Goa had authority over all Portuguese possessions in the Indian Ocean, from southern Africa to southeast Asia" (Wikipedia). "Antonio Pinto Pereira, a native of the village of Mogadour, well-versed in the science of Political History, left a work published some years after his death which occurred in 1587" (Pope, E. M. India in Portuguese Literature. 1937. p. 147)


114. POUQUEVILLE, François Charles Hugues Laurent (1770–1838)
Travels Through the Morea, Albania, and Several Other Parts of the Ottoman Empire, to Constantinople, During the Years 1798, 1799, 1800, and 1801. Comprising a Description of Those Countries, of the Manners and the Customs of the Inhabitants, &c, &c.

London: Richard Phillips, 1806. First Edition. Octavo. vi, 192, [4] pp. With two aquatint plates (one folding), one folding map and one folding table. Disbound pamphlet. Overall a very good copy.
"Pourqueville was a medical doctor and member of the Scientific Commission attached to the French Expedition to Egypt. Captured by Privateers and landed in Greece, as a French military man he became prisoner of war and spent about a year in Greece and then two years in the Seven Towers at Constantinople. He used this time to mingle with the native populations, learned Greek, and made notes of his experiences. He returned to Paris in 1801. On the strength of this work and its dedication to napoleon, Pouqueville was appointed French consul at Jannina in 1805"(Atabey II 988).


115. RACZYNSKI, Edward, Count (1786-1845)
Dziennik podrózy do Turcyi odbytey w roku MDCCCXIV przez Erwarda Raczynskiego [Travels to Turkey in the Year 1814].

Wroclaw (Breslau): Drukiem Grassa Bartha i Kompanii, 1821. First Edition. Elephant Folio. [i], vii, 204, viii pp. With 81 engraved plates on 63 sheets, 2 folding, mostly after drawings by Ludwig Fuhrmann, and 8 engraved illustrations in text, thus complete as issued. The plates are numbered 1-82 but numbers 20 and 45 were never issued and so aren't present (as usual) but there is a number 28bis (as usual). Recent dark brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Overall a near fine copy.
Magnificent copper engravings illustrate this rare work with only eight copies found in Worldcat. "In 1814 [Count] Raczynski, with [Breslau painter] Ludwig Christian Fuhrmann as draughtsman, travelled to Constantinople by way of Odessa, and thence to the Troad and Asia Minor. This work contains many fine plates of the city, as well as of Mitylene, Assos and the Troad" (Blackmer Sale 937). A folio German edition was published in 1824 and an octavo German edition in 1825. "Brunet describes this edition as the most magnificent work hitherto published in Poland" (Sothebys); Brunet IV, 1084. "Count Edward Raczyński.., was a Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczyński Library in Poznań" (Wikipedia). These travels also have scientific value due to the excavations conducted by Count Raczynski at ancient Troy.


116. REICHARD, Walter Reinhold
[Album with Forty-Eight Superb Watercolours Drawn by a German Prisoner of First World War While in Interned in the Bolkhuny and Yenotayevka Villages of the Astrakhan Province]: Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft in der Kirgisen- und Kalmükensteppe. 1914-1918. Jenotajewsk-Bolchuny. Gouvernement Astrachan. Aquarell-Studien [Memories of a Prisoner of War in the Kirghisian and Kalmykian Steppes]. [With: Two Large Drawings Showing Meetings of German Internees in Bolkhuny After the Russian Revolution of 1917, Including Portraits of the Main Activists, with their Names Captioned]: Aus der Bolchuner Chronik – 1917.

Ca. 1914-1918. Oblong Octavo (ca. 17x25 cm). 48 leaves. With 48 watercolours, including a watercolour drawn “title page” with additional title “Erinnerungen an die Kriegsgefangenschaft, 1914/16. Aquarell-Studien von Walter R. Reichard”. All watercolours with the author’s monogram, captioned and dated (1914-1916). Period ink inscription on the first free endpaper “Herrn K. H. Lindenberg. Bolchuny, 1916”. Ink inscription on rear paste down “Walter Reichard. Berlin, Hufelandstrasse No. 39”.Separate drawings: 1917-1918. Pencil and watercolour on paper, ca. 24,5x21 cm (9 ½ x 8 ¼ in) and 26x20 cm (10 ¼ x 8 cm), mounted on modern album leaves. Both signed and dated by the artist, and both with extensive captions (titles and names) in ink and watercolour. First drawing also with extensive pencil notes on verso. One drawing with a small tear and crease on the right margin, but overall very good drawings. Original gray cloth album with hand drawn title and coat of arms of the Astrakhan Kingdom (“Царство Астрахан.”) on the upper board. Binding rubbed and soiled, front hinge cracked, but the watercolours are bright and beautiful.
Beautiful collection of historically important watercolours showing the Astrakhan region during the First World War, with amazing views of the Kalmyk steppes and Volga River, street scenes in the Yenotaewsk city and Bolkhuny village, and artistic portraits of the local people – Kirghises, Kalmyks and Russians. The album was made by a German prisoner of war who was interned in the Astrakhan province of the Russian Empire and spent at least four years (1914-1918) in Yenotayevsk and Bolkhuny.
The landscape watercolours include a series of views of Bolkhuny: general views with the steep banks of the Akhtuba River; colourful scene of the Bolkhuny Sunday market; a view with the famous Bolkhuny windmills; pastoral view of a Bolkhuny street with haulm-roofed houses and pigs wandering in puddles in the middle of the street; crimson-tone watercolour of the sheep herd coming back to Bolkhuny in the evening; sunny view of the troika race on the Epiphany day (Heilige drei Könige) et al. Among other landscapes are a deep-blue night scene in the “Kirgisen Steppe” and two beautiful winter views of the Volga: 1) with Yenotayevsk houses on top of the steep river bank, and 2) with a camel-laden “Kerosin Karavan” crossing the frozen river.
The album contains a gallery of outstanding individual and group portraits of local people starting with an image of a galloping Kirghis rider on the “title page”. There are also twelve portraits of the Kalmyk people (old and young women, families next to their jurt, members of the Kalmyk clergy, dancing girls, men in the Kalmyk camp, riders in the steppe et al.), and thirteen portraits of the Kirghises (old woman-beggar, “Old Kirghisian soothsayer”, water carter, group portraits of Kirghis fishermen, travellers in the steppe, families, men with a camel cart on the frozen Volga et al.). The other portraits show a “Tatar vet” (Tartarischer Tierarzt), Persian longshoremen in Astrakhan, Russian girl in the holiday dress, and Ruthenian and Galitzian war refugees.
The album is supplemented with two individual larger drawings titled by the artist “From the Bolkhuny Chronicles, 1917”. They give a slightly ironic picture of public meetings of German internees and prisoners of war in Bolkhuny in spring or summer 1917, during the rule of the Russian Provisional Government. The drawings have a very similar composition consisting of three parts. The central parts of both drawings show the public meeting near the Bolkhuny police department lead by Karl Lindenberg, who was, according to the pencil note on verso of one of the drawings, an engineer from Moscow. One of his phrases is recorded by the artist: “Meine Herren! Sie glauben ja garnich was wir unter uns für Menschen haben!” Lindenberg apparently bought or received the Bolkhuny watercolour album from the artist, as his inscription “Herrn K.H. Lindenberg. Bolchuny, 1916” is on the first free endpaper of the album.
The upper parts of the drawings show the supporters of the tsarist regime (titled “Das alte Regime und seine Anhänger’ and “Der gute alte Freundeskreis”); and the lower parts – the revolutionaries (“Das revolutionare Comite und seine Helfershlfer” and “Das neue Regime und seine Anhänger”). Names of all supporters are placed under the portraits or on verso.
Overall the collection is a historically significant and beautiful (!) illustration of life in the Astrakhan region during the WWI, with important additions to the fate of German prisoners of war in Russia before and after the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Yenotayevsk (now Yenotaevka village) is located on the right channel of the Volga River 154 km north of Astrakhan and is separated from the river’s main channel by the Chicherin Island. It is the oldest settlement in the Astrakhan province, with the fortress protecting the trade route from Astrakhan to central Russia being founded in 1742. In 1785 the town became the centre of the district (uyezd), and in 1810 the fortress was abolished. In the last quarter of the 19th century the town turned into a place of the political exile in the Astrakhan region where a number of antigovernment and revolutionary activists were interned. This fact explains why the prisoners of war were transported here in 1914-1917. In 1925 Yenotayevsk lost its status as a city and remains a village (although a center of the Yenotayevsky district) nowadays (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).
Bolkhuny is a village in the Akhtubinsky district of the Astrakhan region (founded in 1822, before 1927 – a part of the Yenotayevsky district). The village is located on the left bank of the Akhtuba River (Volga’s tributary) over 200 km north of Astrakhan. In the beginning of the 20th century it had over 7000 inhabitants, a school, a church, 55 shops (lavka), three large trade fairs, three bread warehouses (magazin), and smaller weekly fairs. Bolkhuny was known for its livestock breeding (over 15000 sheep, 7000 cows) and over 100 wind mills (Russian Brokhaus dictionary on-line).


117. RICH, Robert, Second Earl of Warwick (1587-1658)
Original Warrant Signed "Warwicke" as Lord High Admiral of England (for Parliament) during the English Civil War addressed to the Commissioners of the Navy ordering the complete provisioning of the fleet "for the next summer’s guard" listing all 44 ships by name beneath.

Warwick House, 6 February 1648. Four pages (two with text). Folio, ca. 32.5 x 22.5 cm (13x9 in). Right margin ragged and soiled, but complete, and with original folds, otherwise in good condition. Warwick’s blind stamp (a crown above an anchor) impressed on the upper left corner.
"In 1642, following the dismissal of the Earl of Northumberland as Lord High Admiral, Warwick was appointed commander of the fleet by Parliament" (Wikipedia). Another of Warwick's titles was Lord of the Caribee Islands and he was active in colonial ventures becoming president of the New England Company and a zealous member of the Bermuda and Providence Companies. The warrant replaces an earlier order with this revised list of ships and requires the provision of boatswains’ and carpenters’ stores for the whole summer’s campaign. From the Collection of the 5th Earl of Rosebery. "As the events of 1648 unfolded, some of the ambiguities of Warwick's position appear rather to have deepened than to have diminished. On 27 May 1648 the greater part of the parliamentary fleet in the Downs mutinied against the command of Colonel Thomas Rainsborough, appointed in place of the politically suspect William Batten. Two days later parliament reappointed Warwick to the post of lord high admiral, in the hope that his popularity would secure the fidelity of the sailors" (Oxford DNB).


118. RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].

Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).


119. RUJULA, Juan Félix de, Chronicler and the King of Arms (1744-1806)
[KINGDOM OF SPAIN: Beautiful Manuscript Nobility Patent, Given to the Montero Family, Written in Calligraphic Secretarial Hand, and Illustrated with a Large Watercolour of the Montero Coat of Arms and Pictorial Initials]: Don Juan Feliz de Rujula, Cronista y Rey de Armas en todos los Reynos, Dominios y Señorios de su Majestad Catolica el Señor Don Carlos Quarto (que Dios guarde) Rey de España y de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firme del Mar Occeano etc. ect...

Madrid, 10 October 1796. Folio (ca. 31x20,5 cm). Eight unnumbered paper leaves. Calligraphic manuscript text in black, red and blue ink, within red ink decorative borders. With a full page watercolour on vellum in colour and gold (the coat of arms). With five pictorial watercolour initials and two vignettes. Signed at the end by Juan Felix de Rujula, Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. With the official ink stamp of “Carolus IV D.G. Hispaniar Rex” within the watercolour ornamental frame on the first leaf, and with an official paper label of “Cabild. De Escribanos de el numero. Madrid” on the last leaf. Original brown full treed calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, gilt spine and marbled endpapers. Binding slightly rubbed, last leaf with minor tears on the margin, without last free endpaper, traces of a manuscript label removed from the last pastedown, but overall a beautiful document in very good condition.
Beautiful example of an official Spanish 18th century nobility patent, the document bears the personal signature of the Spanish Chronicler and King of Arms (Cronista y Rey de Armas) “D. Juan Felix de Rujua”, as well as those of Madrid notary Juan Manuel Lopez Fando and two other officials. The patent contains the text of the certificate of arms, a concise genealogy of the Montero family and the description of the Montero coat of arms. The large superb watercolour of the coat of arms, heightened in gold, features a tree with two keys hanging on its branches, and five golden horns on red background, all within elaborate floral ornament. The text is decorated with five beautiful initials illuminated in gold and black with small coloured landscape scenes in the background.
The document mentions a number of representatives of the Montero family, but seems to concern firstly the line of Dona Francisca Ambrosia Montero, Rios y Anaya, legitimate wife of Don Diego Ximenez de Lasarte, resident of the city of Antequera; legitimate daughter of Don Pedro Josef Montero de Anaya, granddaughter of Don Luis Montero, and second granddaughter of Don Christoval Ruiz Montero.
The last name of Montero is included into the famous “Enciclopedia Heráldica Hispano-Americana” by Alberto and Arturo Caraffa (88 vol., 1919-1963). The index prepared by the Library of Congress lists the last name of Montero in vol. 58, p. 162.


120. RUSSELL, Alexander (1714-1768)
The Natural History of Aleppo, and Parts Adjacent. Containing a Description of the City, and the principal natural productions in its neighbourhood; together with an account of the climate, inhabitants, and diseases; particularly of the plague.

London: G.G. & J. Robinson, 1794. Second Expanded Edition. Quarto, 2 vols. xxiv, 446, xxiii, [i]; vii, 430xxxiv, [xxvi] pp. With twenty engraved plates (many folding), including eight of botanical subjects after G. D. Ehret. Handsome period style brown elaborately gilt tooled half calf with marbled boards and red and green gilt morocco labels. A very good set.
"In 1734 Russell was one of the first members of the Medical Society of Edinburgh University. In 1740 he came to London, and in the same year went to Aleppo as physician to the English factory. He learnt to speak Arabic fluently, and acquired great influence with the pasha and people of all creeds. In 1750 he was joined by his younger brother, Patrick, and in 1753 he resigned, returning to England by way of Naples and Leghorn, in order to supplement his study of the plague at Aleppo by visiting the lazarettos at those places. This work, which has been described as 'one of the most complete pictures of Eastern manners extant"(Pinkerton), Blackmer Sale 969; Cox I, p.227; In 1740 Russell "went to Aleppo in Syria as physician to the English factory. There, as he wrote in his Natural History of Aleppo (1756), he established an ‘extensive practice among all ranks and degrees of people’. He learned to speak Arabic fluently, and acquired great influence with the pasha. In 1750 he was joined by his younger half-brother Patrick, and in 1753 he resigned, returning to England by way of Naples and Leghorn, in order to supplement his study of the plague at Aleppo by visiting the lazarettos at those places. Russell had sent home to his fellow student and correspondent John Fothergill seeds of the true scammony, which were raised successfully by Peter Collinson and James Gordon of Mile End. Russell published a description of the plant, and the native method of collecting it, in the first volume of Medical Observations, issued in 1755 by the Medical Society of London, which he had helped to found in 1752. He also introduced Arbutus Andrachne.
Russell reached London in February 1755; following encouragement from Fothergill, he published his Natural History of Aleppo the next year. This work, which was described by John Pinkerton as ‘one of the most complete pictures of Eastern manners extant’, was reviewed by Samuel Johnson in the Literary Magazine, and was translated into German. A second edition was published by Patrick Russell in 1794" (Oxford DNB).


121. SALT, Henry (1780-1827)
[Large Hand Coloured Aquatint, Titled]: "The Town of Abha in Abyssinia."

London: William Miller, 1 May 1809. Hand coloured aquatint on thick wove paper, ca. 46x60 cm (ca. 18x23 ¾ in). Engraved by L. Bluck. With a very small minor tear on the lower margin neatly repaired, margins trimmed, otherwise a very good aquatint.
Plate XVIII from Salt's "Twenty-four views in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt." "On 20 June 1802 Salt left England on an eastern tour, as secretary and draughtsman to Viscount Valentia (later the earl of Mountnorris). He visited India, Ceylon, and the Red Sea, and in 1805 was sent by Valentia on a mission into Abyssinia, to the ras of Tigré, whose affection and respect he gained, and with whom he left one of his party, Nathaniel Pearce. The return to England in 1806 was made by way of Egypt, where he first met the pasha, Mehmet Ali. Lord Valentia's Travels in India (1809) was partly written and completely illustrated by Salt, who published his own 24 Views in St Helena, India and Egypt in the same year" (Oxford DNB); Abbey Travel: 515


122. SCHEDEL, Hartmann (1440-1514)
[MAGDEBURG: Panoramic Handcoloured Woodcut Titled:] "Madeburga."

Nuremberg, 1493. Handcoloured woodcut ca. 19x51 cm (7 ½ x 20 in) on a larger leaf. Original handcolouring, with an original centre fold and with a very mild water stain on blank lower margin but overall a very good woodcut.
Panoramic view from the Latin Edition of the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle, showing Magdeburg from the East looking over the Elbe River. Schedel was a doctor of Medicine who, "with the help of others, including the globe maker Martin Behaim.., compiled and published a Chronicle of the World now known as the Nuremberg Chronicle. This work included two maps, an untitled map of the world [on a conical projection] and the first modern map of Germany" (Tooley's Mapmakers Q-Z p117). The maps and views in the Chronicle were the first ever illustrations of many cities and countries.


123. SCHLEUEN, Johann David (1711-1771)
[PLAN OF BERLIN Titled:] "Die Konigl. Preussl: Residentz Berlin Die Konigl. Preussl: Residentz Berlin nach ihrem accuraten Grundriss u. Zweien Prospecten, auch Abbildung der sammtl. Kirchen und vornehmsten Konigl: Gebauden derselben."

Berlin: Johann David Schleuen, Sculptor, [1739]. Copper engraved plan ca. 41x56,5 cm (16 x 22 ½ in). This strong copper engraved plan has a centre fold and some minor marginal creasing and restoration not affecting image. Overall a very good engraving.
This very rare, accurate and attractive plan of Berlin includes a panorama of the city and detail views of the Royal Palace, Arsenal, Grosses Friderichs Hospital and the St. Nicolai, Dohm, St. Petri, Jerusalem, St. Georgen, Garnison's, St. Marien, Parochial & Spandauer Churches. Schleuen's Berlin plans and views represent the finest and most accurate representation of mid 18th century Berlin. This plan was produced in the last year of King Friedrich Wilhelm I reign and shows Berlin just before Frederick the Great began his 46 year reign of Prussia. Schulz, Stadtplaene von Berlin, 83.


124. SCHOMBURGK, Sir Robert Hermann (1804-1865)
[An Extensive Autograph Letter Signed‚ as British Consul in Siam‚ to Captain John Washington‚ Hydrographer to the Admiralty in London‚ Discussing Preparations for his Journey to Chiang Mai (the Last Major Scientific Travel in his career)‚ Scientific Instruments Necessary for the Journey, Siamese King Mongkut and his Second King Pinklao; Mentioning Sir Francis Beaufort‚ and the Latest Discovery of Sir John Franklin’s Fate].

Bangkok, 28 November 1859. Octavo (ca. 18x11 cm). 12 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper with Schomburgk’s blind stamped monograms on the top margins. With red ink marks and notes in different hand (apparently by Washington). A very good letter.
A long and important letter by Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk‚ renowned explorer of British Guiana‚ British consul in San Domingo (1848-57) and in Siam (1857-64). The letter written as British consul in Siam, reports about Schomburgk’s plans for his last major scientific expedition – a travel to Chiang Mai, the ancient capital of the Lanna Kingdom in the north of Thailand: “I stand now on the eve of a much larger expedition, namely to Xieng Mai, the last principle Siamese town near the confines of China. From thence I purpose to turn westward to Mulmain on the eastern bank of the Gulf of Bengal, and crossing the Malay Peninsula, return to Bangkok. This, my dear and kind friend will probably be the last tour of that description which I can hope to undertake with 56 years upon my shoulders.”
Schomburgk discusses different types of scientific instruments necessary for the journey, stating the loss of barometer during his recent river travel to Phetchaburi: “the boat coming into contact during a dark night with some of the palisades across the river Meklong [sic!]‚ was thrown on her beamends‚ and made a sad havock in the cabin. I saved the Chronometer‚ but the Barometer fell a victim to the accident...”. Now he only has two aneroids and three chronometers – two belonging to the Admiralty and his own gold chronometer “for which I paid £55”. He complains about “pernicious” effect of the local climate on chronometers and remembers the words of Sir Francis Beaufort about Schomburgk’s Guiana expedition of 1840: “take a sextant and a good watch with you, and you have an observatory wherever you go.” The conclusion is that “I am almost restricted to the number he mentioned.”
Schomburgk’s feelings about the life in the Siamese capital are that “I prefer rather to live at once amongst the Savages, where my expectations are tempered to what I have to expect, that in Bangkok with its false pretentions <…> this observation bears no reference to the two kings and the Government.” He describes King Mongkut of Siam (best known in the West as the main character in the play and film “The King and I”) as “somewhat pompous, and while I respect H.M. In his character, I equally insist upon that he shall respect me as H.M. Consul.” Schomburgk also mentions that the Second King or King Pinklao “is anxious to have a Pocket Chronometer by one of the best makers, it is to be of silver (not intended to be worn in the pocket, but just like the one I now return to you, to be placed in a small box).” He asks Washington to undertake the commission if he wishes so.
In the end of the letter Schomburgk notes that he has “just received the findings of poor Sir John Franklin’s fate, as ascertained by Capt. McClintock – how very sad! Lady Franklin, I see, is in Paris. If you are acquainted with Mrs. Dixon, one of the daughters of Lady Simpkinson [Lady Franklin’s sister], please tell her my consolation”. Overall a very interesting and rich content letter.


125. SEUTTER, George Matthaus (1678-1757)
[Map of Africa] Africa Juxta Navigationes et Observationes Recentissimas Aucta, Correcta et in Sua Regna et Status Divisa in Lucem Edita.

Augsburg: Engraved by Gottfried Rogg, 1728. Copper engraved map, full hand colour ca. 49x57 cm (19 ½ x 23 in). Original centre fold. A near fine map.
"This map of Africa was published by George Matthaus Seutter, a German cartographer and publisher of Augsburg. In the lower left corner is a large decorative title cartouche engraved by Gottfried Rogg, with natives, pyramids, animals, lighthouses and ships. Although all the decorative animals have disappeared from the mainland the enormous lakes are shown in Central Africa and the information about the southern extremity of the continent is largely fictitious. The Nile is shown not only originating in the south at lakes Zaire and Zaflan, but also continuing further south, and the Abyssinian province of Amhara is shown in the kingdom of Monomotapa. This map is in fact crowded with erroneous detail" (Norwich 80).


126. SHARPE, Sir Alfred (1853-1935)
[Collection of 25 Autograph Letters and Notes Signed “Alfred Sharpe” to “Dear Colles” – his Literary Agent William Morris Colles, with a number of topics touched, including Sharpe’s prospective book about his travels Central Africa, polemics with the Labour Party’s idea of Postwar International Administration of Equatorial Africa, and politics in the Balkans during WWI].

Various places in Britain (the majority – Elmhurst, Lancaster), 1915-1918. Various sizes, from Small Octavo (ca. 17,5x11 cm) to Quarto (ca. 23x19,5 cm). 39 pp. in total. Brown ink on various paper (blue laid paper, blue San Remo linen paper, white “Basildon Bond” paper et al.). Eighteen letters with blind stamped address “Elmhurst, Lancaster” on the upper margin, and two with the “Plâs Nantyr, Glyn” ink stamp; one letter on the printed form of “Euston Hotel, London”, and one – on the form of the “Royal Societies Club, St. James’s Street, London”. All but one letters with the ink stamp “Received” on the first page, specifying the date of reception; all letters with blue pencil numbers apparently put by Colles. Mild fold marks, holes in one of the corners after the letters having been stapled together, some letters with minor creases and tears on the margins, but overall a very good archive of interesting letters written in a legible hand.
Very interesting historically important archive of Sir Alfred Sharpe, British traveller and colonial administrator in Central Africa, who was actively engaged in the formation of the British Central Africa Protectorate (after 1964 - Malawi), became its High Commissioner (1896-1907) and later, when the colony was renamed to Nyasaland – its first governor (1907-1910). Sharpe was also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) since 1891, received its Cuthbert Peak Award in 1898 and became a member of the Society’s Council in 1913-1917.
Much of the collection relates to the history of writing and publication of Sharpe’s memoirs about his travels in Africa. The first documents regarding this date from the end of 1916 (Nov 24 and Dec 11) when Sharpe had the diaries of his journey to South Africa retyped and sent to Colles “together with 100 photos from which a choice – or all – can be taken”. After that Sharpe went on another trip, writing to Colles: “I leave for Africa on Friday” (11 Dec, 1916), and already in July 1917 he sent to the agent “notes on my last journey” (9 Jul, 1917). From this time starts long correspondence about different aspects of the prospective book: what stories should be included, what should be edited or revised; whether it is possible to find paper to print a book (in wartime) et al. Some examples of the correspondence about “the Book”: Sharpe is talking about his travel to the German East Africa in 1904 – “to the magnificent high district immediately north of Lake Nyasa”. He encloses the diary he kept at the time saying that he can “complete a running narrative out of it” (5 March, 1918). “I can make out say 2000 or 3000 words on the German Kondeland – with a general description of that nice country, and the notes of the journey I sent you. Let me know if you want it” (6 March, 1918), “You said I owe a paper – Here is one of the Cape to Cairo fetish [?] <…> Would it do also to incorporate as a chapter in the book?” (9 March, 1918).
Several letters reveal the negotiation process with prospective publisher Edward Arnold: he is first mentioned in a letter from 9 July 1917. Almost a year after, on 1 May 1918 Sharpe writes to Colles that Arnold wants him to rewrite the manuscript and make “a fresh book”. Throughout the next five letters continues the discussion about Sharpe’s royalty: the author wanted “20 % and £200 down” and then was ready “to go down to the South coast & shut myself up for 2 to 3 months & make the thing to work”. The outcome on 21 May was unfavourable, Sharpe writing: “It is not sufficiently attractive for me to go in for four months hard work. Moreover it is a form of agreement which would bend me to write, but leaves A. Open to publish or not according to when he likes, and if paper goes to his price. Will you kindly inform him that I can not consider his offer”. Note: Sharpe’s book was eventually published in 1921 by H.F. & G. Witherby under the title “The Backbone of Africa: A record of Travel During the Great War, with Some Suggestions for Administrative Reform."
Other letters from the collection reveal a number of different interesting subjects: four letters touch on the idea of post-war international administration of the Equatorial Africa suggested by the Labour Party, the idea which Sharpe was a passionate opponent of: “What on earth the Labour Gentlemen have to do with our African possessions <…>”; Their idea of a mixed up Africa governed by a mixed up international Govt is of course a farce. Does anyone really looks on it seriously?” (2 Jan, 1918). The other letters are dedicated to the article by H.G. Wells which supported the Labour’s idea and was published in the Daily Mail (30 Jan 1918) under the title “The African Riddle”. Sharpe wrote a reply article for the Daily Mail for 1000 words, and another one for 3500 words – and is asking Colles to find a magazine to publish it (5 Feb, 1918). From the next letter we get to know that it went to the “Land and Water” magazine (10 Feb, 1918).
Six letters dated October-December 1917 contain some interesting contemporary observations on the events in the Balkans theatre of WW1, e.g. Extensive notes on the “present German actions in Greece” also discusses Greek Prime-Minister Eleftherios Venizelos (31 Oct); letter about the British politics regarding Bulgaria and its desire to ally with the Entente (2 Nov); description of Sharpe’s private meeting with Venizelos when the conditions of Bulgaria’s alliance with the Entente were discussed (15 Nov); or thoughts about the future of the Balkan and Mediterranean fronts: “It is now sticking out for anyone to see that Germany, after she has done what she can in Italy, will send her spare army down to the Balkans, & make a big effort to force us out to the sea. After that she will go for Mesopotamia & Gaza. And how can we do anything there to stand up to her? – These many fronts are our weakness” (6 Nov).
William Morris Colles (1865-1926) was English literary agent, the founder and managing director of The Authors' Syndicate, Ltd. (1890); a Member of the Council of the Society of Authors, and of the Copyright Association. His extensive correspondence with numerous writers is held in several depositories, including the library of UCLA (correspondence with James Barrie, Arnold Bennett, E. F. Benson, R. Haggard, and S. Maugham), and the University of Columbia (Thomas Hardy, Alfred Ollivant, John Pendleton, William H. Rideing, Peter Kropotkin and others).


127. SONNINI, (de Manoncourt), C[harles] N[icolas] (1751-1812)
Voyage Dans la Haute et Basse Egypte. [Travels in Upper and Lower Egypt].

Paris: F. Buisson, An VII [1799]. First Edition. Text Octavo 3 vols. & Folio Atlas. [iv], vii, [i], 425, [3]; [ii], 417; [ii], 424; [2] pp. Atlas with a copper engraved portrait frontispiece, 38 other copper engravings (two folding) and a large folding engraved map by Tardieu after D'Anville. Period brown gilt titled papered boards. Extremities rubbed and spines mildly sunned, remains of a small private library label on volume one, otherwise a very good set.
This expedition was made with the intention of collecting rare Egyptian birds, however Sonnini includes some unusual and fascinating details of native life and customs such as female and male circumcision and homosexuality, leprosy and other diseases, serpent eating etc. "Sonnini set out with baron de Tott's expedition in 1777. On arrival at Alexandria he found orders to explore Egypt from Louis XVI awaiting him" (Blackmer Collection 1006); Atabey 1155. This work relates to various subjects "with the utmost candor: such as Egyptian female circumcision, serpent eating, Egyptian lesbianism, women's cosmetics..," (Cox I, p.395); Gay 2250; Howgego S135; Ibrahim-Hilmy 245. "A naturalist, Sonnini de Manoncourt traveled extensively through Egypt (from Alexandria to Aswan), making notes on the flora and fauna, the customs of the people, and only incidentally, the antiquities.., Illustrated with excellent engravings, mostly of fish and birds" (Kalfatovic 0158).


128. SPARRMAN, Anders (1748-1820)
Resa till Goda Hopps-Udden, Södra Pol-kretsen och Omkring Jordklotet, samt till Hottentott- och Caffer-landen, åren 1772-76 [A Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, towards the Antarctic Polar Circle and Round the World: But Chiefly into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffres, from the year 1772, to 1776].

Stockholm: Anders J. Nordstrom, 1783. First Edition. Octavo. xv, 766 pp. With nine folding copper engraved plates and one copper engraved folding map. Period brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards. Covers and spine mildly worn, otherwise a very good copy.
This is the first volume of Sparrman's account of his travels in South Africa and of his voyage with Cook in the Resolution 1772-5. "It is the most interesting and most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races then residing in it, that was published before the beginning of the 19th century" (G. M. Theal). This volume deals mainly with South Africa, but a resume of the voyage with Cook is inserted on pp. 86-108.., The second volume (in two parts) was not published until 1802 and 1818" (Du Rietz Cook 10). Sparrman "sailed for the Cape of Good Hope in January 1772 to take up a post as a tutor. When James Cook arrived there later in the year at the start of his second voyage, Sparrman was taken on as assistant naturalist to Johann and Georg Forster. After the voyage he returned to Cape Town in July 1775 and practiced medicine, earning enough to finance a journey into the interior" (Wikipedia). Sparrman "frequently draws attention to the inaccuracies to be met with in Kolbe's account of the Cape, and throws considerable doubt on the veracity of many of his statements" (Mendelssohn II, p.414-5); Hill 1615; Howgego S154.


129. SPIKER, Samuel Heinrich (1786-1858)
[Berlin and its Environs in the 19th Century]: Berlin und seine Umgebungen im neunzehnten Jahrhundert. Eine Sammlung in Stahl gestochener Ansichten von den ausgezeichnetesten künstlern Englands nach an Ort und Stelle aufgenommenen Zeichnungen von Mauch, Gärtner, Biermann und Hintze nebst topographisch-historischen Erläuterungen.

Berlin: George Gropius, 1833-[1838]. First Edition. x, iv, vi, ii, 165 pp. Quarto text and Small Folio Atlas. Text with a wood engraved Prussian coat of arms. Atlas with a steel engraved title page and fifty-two steel engraved plates each with two engravings. Publisher's original brown decorative blind stamped full cloth with green paper gilt lettered title labels on the spines. Bindings slightly rubbed on extremities, but overall a very good strong set.
First edition of this classic collection of Berlin architectural views compiled by a noted Berlin journalist, travel writer, translator and librarian of the Royal Prussian Library. The book contains 105 masterly executed steel engravings, supplemented with authoritative descriptions, and is considered as an important documental and visual representation of Berlin’s famous Schinkel style, or Greek revival architecture. Berlin-Bibliothek 65.


130. SPILSBURY, Francis Brockell (1756-1823)
Account of a Voyage to the Western Coast of Africa; performed by His Majesty's Sloop Favourite in the Year 1805. Being a Journal of the Events which happened to that Vessel, from the Time of her leaving England till her Capture by the French, and the Return of the Author in a Cartel.

London: Richard Phillips, 1807. First Edition. Octavo. [44] pp. With nine aquatint plates, some folding. Disbound pamphlet. Some minor mild foxing of plates, but overall a very good copy.
Well-written account of a cruise in the Atlantic to Goree and Sierra Leone in West Africa including an account of the slave trade. Francis Spilsbury was a naval surgeon and participated in the British mission to the Mediterranean in 1799-1800 under command of Sir Sidney Smith.


131. STAVENHAGEN, Wilhelm Siegfried (1814-1881)
[Complete set of Views of Courland, Livland and Estland: Three Albums with Explanatory text Bound Together:] Album Kurländischer Ansichten… Album Livländischer Ansichten… Album Estländischer Ansichten… Mit erläuterndem Text von verschiedenen Verfassern.

Mitau: Selbstverlag des Herausgebers, 1866-1867. First edition. Folio, 3 parts in one. [4], ii, [201 – separate pagination]; 4, ii, [266 – separate pagination]; [4], 4, ii, [235 – separate pagination] pp. With three steel engraved title pages and 87 plates after drawings by Stavenhagen, engraved on steel by G.G. Lange in Darmstadt; three decorative vignettes on the title pages engraved by A. Fesca. Ink exlibris-stamp on the first title page “Fürst M. Lievens Bibliothek”. Period brown half morocco, spine with raised bands, gilt tooled vignettes and gilt lettered title; marbled endpapers, all edges gilt. Binding by Otto Henss, “Hof-Buchbinder in Weimar” (paper label on verso of the last free endpaper), gilt tooled owner’s initials “A.P.” on the bottom of the spine. Binding rubbed and worn at extremities, weak at hinges, with a crack on top of the rear hinge, minor water stains in text, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Important Mitau (Jelgava) illustrated edition, very rare when complete. Worldcat finds only three to five copies of each part, and no copies of a set with all three parts bound together. Our copy is from the library of Earl Michael Karl Nikolaus von Lieven (1850-1909), a member of one of the oldest and noblest families of the Baltic Germans. The book contains ninety masterly executed views of Estonia and Latvia (including title page vignettes), supplemented with specially prepared descriptive texts. The plates give a beautiful overview of the Baltic provinces, showing main cities and ports (Riga, Mitau, Libau, Dorpat, Reval, Narva et al.), ancient castles (Baustke, Koknese), palaces and private villas (villas Stavenhagen, Totleben, Heimtali Manor, Schloss Fall, Schloss Hapsal), and beautiful countryside (Gutman’s Cave, Lake Klooga, Pühajärv Lake). Overall this work is a great portrait of the Baltic states in the second half of the 19th century.
Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen was a Baltic German artist and sculptor. He attended Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts (1834), was a student of sculptor Eduard Schmidt von der Launitz in Frankfurt-on-Main; in 1847-49 studied in the Munich Academy of Arts. Since 1850 Stavenhagen worked as a sculptor in Mitau (Jelgava), becoming known as the creator of numerous views of Baltic cities and landscapes (Baltisches Biographisches Lexicon digital).


132. TIMKOWSKI, Egor Fedorovich (1790-1875)
Voyage à Peking, à Travers la Mongolie en 1820 et 1821. Traduit du russe par M. N******, revu par M. J.-B. Eyriès. Publié avec des Corrections et des Notes par M. J. Klaproth. [Travel to Peking, through Mongolia in 1820 and 1821].

Paris: Dondey-Dupré père et fils, 1827. First French Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. in one & Folio Atlas. xii, 480; 459; 32 pp. Atlas with a lithographed title, a large folding map, a large folding plan of the Forbidden city in Peking, a folding plan of the Russian embassy in Peking, and eight other lithographed plates. Handsome period dark green gilt tooled quarter sheep with marbled boards. Atlas expertly rebacked to match, text with some occasional foxing, otherwise a very good set.
Russia had maintained a church and school in Beijing since 1728, and every ten years a Russian mission was dispatched to allow a personnel change. This mission was particularly important from a geographic perspective because of Timkowski's accuracy in mapping their journey through the Gobi desert. First French edition of the first fundamental Russian travel account to Mongolia and China with an accurate plan of the Forbidden City in Beijing, the first in a western work. Henze V p.327; Howgego 1800-1850, K15.
The author, Egor Fedorovich Timkowsky was a Russian diplomat and writer, a member of Russian Geographical Society since 1846. He was a nobleman who studied in Kievan Theological Academy and Moscow University. In 1820 was appointed as an escort of the Russian Orthodox mission to China. Timkowsky travelled for a year (August 1820-August 1821), spending 9 months in Peking (Beijing). His voyage resulted in fundamental research, published in 3 volumes on a special commission and at the expense of the Russian government. The book gave a comprehensive description of everyday life, economy, customs and manners, religion of Mongols; contained precious information about China and its capital, also about Eastern Turkestan, Tibet and Korea. Especially interesting are the accurate map of the route of the journey through the Gobi desert.
The book was considered very valuable and was quickly translated into German (1825-26), Dutch (1826), French (1827), English (1827) and Polish (1827-1828). For a long time it remained the main source about inner China and Mongolia.
A significant amount of valuable information about China was given to Timkowsky by the remarkable Russian sinologist, priest Iakinf (Bichurin), who served as a head of Russian Mission in Peking and was supposed to be replaced by the mission escorted by Timkowsky. For many years Iakinf studied Chinese language and history, translated Chinese chronicles into Russian and prepared first Russian-Chinese Dictionary. Russian Brokhaus Encyclopaedia; Russian Biographic Dictionary/ed. Polovtsov; Catalogue of Russian National library


133. TSCHERNING, Theodoro
[Kingdom of Hungary]: Das Von den Türcken lang-geqvälte, nun Durch die Christen Neu beseelte, Königreich Hungarn Das ist Kurzgefasste Vorstell- und Beschreibung der Hungarischen Städte, Vestungen und Schlösser, samt angrenzenden Ländern Oesterreich, Mähren, Kärndten, Crain... Siebenbürgen [et]c.

Nürnberg: Martin Endter, 1687. First Edition. Duodecimo. [6], 464, [22] pp. With twelve large folding copper engraved maps which fit together to make one large map of Hungary. Ink stamp “Biblioth. Reg. Scient. Universit. Hvngaricae” on verso of the title page. Early 20th century brown half morocco with marbled boards and spine with raised bands and two gilt lettered labels. Binding with a crack on the front hinge, margins trimmed with loss of date of the imprint on the title page, otherwise a very good copy.
Very rare first edition of this work with only eight copies found in Worldcat. With a beautiful copper engraved map of Hungary in twelve parts. This interesting description of Hungary was published around the time when in "1686, two years after the unsuccessful siege of Buda, a renewed European campaign was started to enter the Hungarian capital. This time, the Holy League's army was twice as large, containing over 74,000 men, including German, Croat, Dutch, Hungarian, English, Spanish, Czech, Italian, French, Burgundian, Danish and Swedish soldiers, along with other Europeans as volunteers, artilleryman, and officers, the Christian forces reconquered Buda. The second Battle of Mohács was a crushing defeat for the Turks, in the next few years, all of the former Hungarian lands, except areas near Timişoara (Temesvár), were taken from the Turks. At the end of the 17th century, Transylvania became part of Hungary again. In the 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz these territorial changes were officially recognised, and in 1718 the entire Kingdom of Hungary was removed from Ottoman rule" (Wikipedia).


134. TSYLOV, Nikolai Ivanovich (1799-1879)
[First Saint Petersburg Street Atlas] Atlas Trinadstati Chastei S. Peterburga s Podrobnim Izobrazheniem Naberezhnikh, Ulits, Pereulkov, Kazennikh I Obivatelskikh Domov [Atlas of the Thirteen Districts of Saint Petersburg With Details of the Embankments, Streets, Side Streets, State and Private Hoses] / Published by Permission of the Government.

Saint Petersburg, 1849. First Edition. Quarto. [8] pp. Almost completely lithographed edition, except eight preliminary pages and errata pages. Lithographed half title and title page, General plan of St. Petersburg, 392 numbered plans, [27] unnumbered leaves between the plans, [2 - errata]. All plans and leaves are lithographed. Very handsome Russian period style red elaborately gilt tooled full morocco. A near fine copy.
Very rare work as only 3 copies found in Worldcat. First detailed topographical atlas of Saint Petersburg with exhaustive information on the streets, lanes, buildings, and significantly, the names of all private house owners. It was compiled by the noted cartographer and statesman, Major-General Nikolai Ivanovich Tsylov who became famous for his address books and the topographical atlases of Saint Petersburg and Tsarskoe Selo. Our "Atlas Trinadtsati Chastei" was composed on a special assignment of the Head of Saint Petersburg Police Alexander Galakhov (Tsylov dedicated the book to him, see dedication leaf). Not long after the atlas had been published, the Tsylov became a member of the Russian Geographical Society.
The book contains a general plan of Saint Petersburg showing all its 13 districts, as well as plans of each district of the city delineating the quarters and is detailed to the smallest side streets. The district plans are supplemented with an alphabet Indexes of the streets which help in search of a particular street. The most voluminous part of the book, occupying 392 leaves, consists of detailed plans of all the Saint Petersburg streets, squares, embankments and islands, with all government buildings and private houses and dachas shown. Owner’s names are specified everywhere.
The author’s aim was to create the easiest reference for the townsmen in search of every street and lane, as well as the name and rank of the particular building’s owner. He also gave information about specific features of each building (material: wood or stone, length and number of floors). "It’s obvious, that no plan can substitute this atlas. The plan detailed enough to compare with the atlas would be too large. Every plan shows us the topography of a city, but doesn’t help in a quick search of a street, not to speak about a house" (p. [5]).
The atlas is considered an important source of the historical topography of Saint Petersburg and is a table book for all historians of the city. It was published in a small print run and like all other Russian lithographed editions is very scarce.
A separately issued "Alphabet Index" containing names of streets and house owners (SPb., 1849), was published but as almost always in not present with this copy.


135. WALTHER, Charles Davis (fl. 1813-1842)
[Illustrated Manuscript Account of the Author's Travels to Paris and Belgium, Including to the Site of the Recently Fought Battle of Waterloo, with a Beautiful Double-page Handcoloured Plan of the Battle of Waterloo, Titled]: "An Account of a Visit to Paris and Belgium made in the year 1817."

Ca. 1817. Octavo (ca. 19x13 cm). T.p., [3], 164, [4] pp. With six original drawings on separate leaves. Text: brown ink on paper within red ink double borders; drawings: pencil or ink on paper (including two handcoloured double-page plans), within decorative ink borders, with handwritten titles. Occasional author’s pencil corrections in text. Period style brown full calf with gilt ruled ornamental borders, spine with raised bands, gilt stamped ornaments and gilt lettered sheep title labels. Marbled endpapers. A very good manuscript.
A captivating manuscript account of an Englishman’s travel to France and Belgium, with an extensive description and beautiful handcoloured plan of the Battle of Waterloo compiled just two years after the famous battle (18 June 1815). The author, Charles Davis Walther, also wrote several comic songs (including one with a curious title “Bill the Binder”, 1832), “having then completed [his] 20th year”, travelled to the Continent in August-September 1817. He went to Paris via Dieppe, staying there for about two weeks, and then proceeded to Belgium via Valencienne and Cambrai, visiting Brussels, Waterloo, Ghent and Ostend. Walther was “anxious to see the curiosities of a Country with which we had been so many years at war” and was tempted to see Waterloo and the Low Countries.
The account written in a lively manner contains an interesting description of the Waterloo field and town, with detailed description of the French and Allied positions and movements during the battle. Walther notes that in the garden of Hougoumont, one of the battle’s sites “there is not a tree that is not perforated in all directions by bullets”, and of the stone wall “the face of every other brick is completely knocked to pieces”. He gives a convincing testimony of a feverish hunt for the “souvenirs” of the battle, digging himself a bullet out of the tree with the assistance of a chisel and a broken brick “from the depth of three inches”. The same fate reached “the tree by which the Duke of Wellington stood during the greatest part of the action. This tree in 1815 was twice the size, but numberless visitors have stript it of most of its portable branches, and a boy on our approach climbed up to the top for several sprigs – indeed, this tree seems to be the source of pocket money to the boys, for which reason they are now very sparing of it”. Walther also gives an interesting description of La Belle Alliance inn, Napoleon’s headquarters during the battle of Waterloo where the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Blücher met to mark the end of the fighting. The “room where this remarkable scene took place” was covered in inscriptions and names of numerous visitors “either in prose or verse”.
Walther witnessed a grand review of the British army in Cambrai, noting that the town “contains a great many bad and bold girls, this may be ascribed to the English army having its head quarters here”. On the road to Valencienne he met English and Prussian foraging parties, describing Prussian lancers of “much the appearance of Cossacks, their spears are twelve feet long, and their pistols are absolutely as long as blunderbusses”. In Paris he had a truly great time, visiting a number of famous landmarks, attending theatres and varietes and having dinners in nice restaurants with indispensable wine or eau-de-vie. His descriptions of the city, as well as other places visited are amusing.
The narration is illustrated with six Walther’s drawings taken on spot, including superb double-page plans of the Battle of Waterloo and the Luxembourg Palace in Paris, views of La Belle Alliance, Hougoumont, Waterloo church and Dieppe, and copies of fragments from the love letters of Francis I and Henry IV, which he made in the manuscript department of the Bibliotheque Royal in Paris. The manuscript is made as a book and contains a title page (in red and black), introduction and a table of contents.
Overall a fascinating period account of one of the most famous sites of the Napoleonic wars.


136. WESTERMARCK, Edward Alexander (1862-1939)
[Two Autograph Letters Signed‚ Discussing Publication of a Chapter from his Latest Book, Apparently, “The Origin and Development of Moral Ideas” (London, 1906-1908, 2 vols.), and Mentioning His Recent Return from Morocco].

Two letters: London‚ 10 October 1908; Helsingfors‚ 26 April 1909. Each Small Octavo (ca. 17,5x11 cm); black ink on watermarked laid paper. In all 6 pp. of text in English. Mild fold marks, otherwise near fine letters.
Two letters to fellow scientists from a Finnish philosopher and sociologist Edward Alexander Westermarck, who at the time worked as a professor of sociology at the London School of Economics and Political Science (1907-1931), and a professor of practical philosophy at the University of Helsinki (1906-1918). In the first letter Westermarck notes that he has just returned from Morocco and discusses his recent publication: “The article in Sexual Problems is a translation of the chapter in my book (which will be out at the end of this month or in the beginning of November), but I could not tell whether the translator has given all the footnotes. I thank you for your Chronique and for your kind appreciation of my article with contribution to the subject. The material is of course extremely defective, and the score of my work compelled me to be brief <…>. P.S. There is no foundation for the statement made by the editor of Sexual Problems that I consider the chapter in question to be the most important part of my book. I cannot understand from where he has got this notion.” This letter most likely refers to Westermarck’s “The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas” (London, 1906-08, 2 vols.). The second letter states that Westermarck is in Helsinki and thus is not able meet his correspondent in London.
“Edvard Alexander Westermarck was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo. The phenomenon of reverse sexual imprinting (when two people live in close domestic proximity during the first few years in the life of either one, both are desensitized to later close sexual attraction), now known as the Westermarck effect, was first formally described by him in his book The History of Human Marriage (1891). He has been described as "first Darwinian sociologist" or "the first sociobiologist." He helped found academic sociology in the United Kingdom, becoming the first professor of sociology (with Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse) in 1907 in the University of London” (Wikipedia).


137. WINTERBOTHAM, W[illiam] (1763-1829)
An Historical, Geographical and Philosophical View of the Chinese Empire; Comprehending a Description of the Fifteen Provinces of China, Chinese Tartary, Tributary States; Natural History of China; Government, Religion, Laws, Manners and Customs, Literature, Arts, Sciences, Manufactures, &c. To Which is Added a Copious Account of Lord Macartney's Embassy Compiled from Original Communications.

London: J. Ridgway, 1795. First Edition. Octavo. [x], 435; 114 pp. With a copper engraved folding map and seven other copper engravings on plates, one folding. Period brown gilt tooled polished full calf, re-backed in style with a black gilt label. A near fine copy.
An important account of China in that it gives an account of the Macartney Embassy three years before the official account by Staunton. "The account of the Macartney mission "Narrative of the Embassy to China," found in the second section, pp. 1-114, is apparently based on information from Aeneas Anderson" (China Illustrata II 688); Cordier Sinica 2392; Cox I p.344; Lust 79.


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