October 2017 New Acquisitions & Selected Stock
with an Addendum of Japanese Items

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October 2017 New Acquisitions Selected Stock with an Addendum of Japanese Items.
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[Album with 124 Original Albumen Photographs, Taken by a Cavalry man from the Second Regiment of the “Chasseurs d’Afrique” of the French Armée d'Afrique, while Stationed in Tlemcen (Northwestern Algeria), with Interesting Views of Tlemcen, Portraits of Fellow Officers, and Views of Tunis, Constantine and Annaba].

Ca. 1880s. Oblong Folio ca. 25x33 cm (9 ¾ x 13 in). 49 stiff card leaves (12 blank). With 124 mounted albumen prints, including 36 larger photographs, from ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 ¼ in) to ca. 15x21,5 cm (6 x 8 ½ in); the rest are from ca. 11x18 cm (7 x 4 ½ in) to ca. 7x10,5 cm (2 ½ x 4 in). The majority captioned in French in period manuscript black ink on the mounts, several with additional notes in Arabic. Period brown quarter morocco with pebbled cloth boards and marbled papered endpapers, spine with gilt tooled decorations and gilt lettered title “Album.” With an engraved armorial bookplate from the “Montvaillant” library mounted on front pastedown. Album slightly rubbed on extremities, several leaves a bit waved, a couple of images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of original photos documenting the service of the Second Regiment of French Chasseurs d’Afrique in Tlemcen, an important regional centre in the Oman department of French Algeria, and a popular vacation spot for the French residents of the colony. The Chasseurs d’Afrique, a corps of light cavalry was formed in 1830 during the French Conquest of Algeria, and was actively employed on service in North Africa and several other locations around the world, with the personnel usually being recruited from French volunteers of French residents of North Africa. The Second Regiment of the Chasseurs d’Afrique was stationed and operated in the Algerian province of Oran, with several breaks when the corps took part in the Crimean War (1854-56), the Italian War of 1859, military expeditions to Morocco (1859) and China (1860), France’s Invasion of Mexico (1862-67), Franco-Prussian War (1870-71), and others.
The album dates back to the Second Regiment’s service in Tlemcen in the 1880s and contains over fifty photos of its officers (all mounted on horses) and privates, including: adjutants Plaire, Gaussens, Moret; “capitaine-instructeur” A.-T. De Fleurance; mayor of medical service (2 class) R.-B.-F.-A. Roux; captain-commandant P.-E. Chassery, second captains L. Boudon, J.-A.-F. Poch, E.-D. Gallois; first lieutenant C.-J.-C.-F. Bartoli; second lieutenants F.-C.-F. Boucon, E. Pourier, A.-C. Houillon; sub lieutenants V. Petit, J.-M.-J. Huguet, A. Uchan, L.-A.-A. Goutelle; a trumpeter, a maître d'armes, and several private servicemen; group portraits of the cavalry officers giving water to their horses, officers and soldiers of a mountain artillery unit; mounted officers in the field outfits; two privates from the forage unit; privates in a line-up, and others. All officers whose names were recorded in the album can be found in the official list of members of the 2nd Regiment of the Chasseurs d’Afrique for 1886 (See: Annuaire Spécial de l’Arme de la Cavalerie Française…/ Publ. Par E. Poyer. Paris, 1886, p. 139). There are also two group portraits featuring the compiler of the album (“photographe”) in his “civilian house” and “military house,” and photos of his two horses – Macron and Palestro.
Over fifty photos show different parts of Tlemcen (several depict the city under snow), with interesting views of the Catholic church of St. Michel (its altered building now serves as a public library), a crossroad with “Café de Boulevard” in the foreground and the tower of Mosque Sidi Brahim behind, the Banque de l’Algéria, the Grand Bassin, Boulevard Nationale, numerous ancient city gate (Porte d’Oran, Porte du Sud, Porte de Bou Médine, Porte de Fez, Porte des Carrières, Porte Bab-el-Khemis, Porte du Méchouar), ruins of the nearby Mansoura fortress, Mosque Sidi Brahim, the house of the 2nd regiment’s colonel A.-J. Roullet, old Arabic cemetery, Mosque Sidi El Haloui, Tower of Agadir, chapel of the French military hospital, several street views (Rue Haedo, Rue de Mascara, Place du Beylick), the Great Mosque, City Medrese, the major city market (“Grand Marché”), Arabic market on Place Cavagnac, several “messageries oranaises” (local post coaches), and many others. There are also seven family portraits taken in Tlemcen, and several views of Tunis, Constantine and Annaba. Overall a very interesting historically significant visual account of Tlemcen and its French military contingent in the 1880s.
“Tlemcen has more buildings dating from the 12th to the 15th century than any other town in Algeria. With the exception of the Great Mosque built by the Almoravids in the 12th century, most of the city’s medieval buildings strongly reflect the influence of Moorish (Muslim) Spain. The Mosque of Sīdí bel Ḥassan (1296, now a museum), the Méchouar, or citadel (1145, now a military hospital and barracks), the Sahrij, or Great Basin (a 14th-century reservoir, now dry), and the Grotto of Rabbi Ephraim ben Israel Ankawa (15th century) are notable landmarks. Tlemcen’s winding, narrow, arched streets are crowded with shops, cafés, and mosques. The ruins of the Marīnid city of Mansoura to the west has notable examples of Hispano-Moorish art” (Encyclopedia Britannica).


[BUCHAN-HEPBURN OF SMEATON, Sir Archibald Banister] (1852-1929); [MCDOUALL, Nigel Douglas] (1872-1942)
[Unique Album with Sixty Stunning Watercolours, Seventy-Seven Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, and Five Pencil Drawings, Documenting Two Botanical Expeditions to Africa – The East African Rift Valley (1909) and the Highlands of Central Angola (1904), with Beautiful Views of the Rwenzori Mountains, Volcanoes of the Virunga Mountain Chain, Lake Edward, Lake Mutanda, Lake Mwuleru, Native People and Plants, and Others; With: Fifteen Large Watercolour Views of the Mediterranean, Likely Spain, at Rear].

1904-1909. Large Oblong Folio ca. 38x46 cm (15x18 in) with 50 brown leaves. Sixty watercolours of various size, including over 30 large ones ca. 25x34 cm (9 ¾ x 13 ½ in), the rest are smaller, from ca. 17,5x24,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) to ca. 9x8,5 cm (3 ¾ x 3 ½ in); seventy-seven gelatin silver prints ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), and five drawings (three ca. 12,5x20,5 cm/5x8 in and two ca. 10x8 cm/4 x 3 ¼ in). The vast majority of the images captioned and dated with period manuscript white ink on the mounts. Period inscription in white ink on front pastedown: “Uganda Protectorate and Congo State.” With fifteen uncaptioned watercolours of the Mediterranean mounted at rear, all but two are ca. 24,5x34,5 cm (9 ¾ x 13 ½ in); two watercolours are ca. 12x19 cm (7 ¾ x 4 ¾ in). Period dark brown half sheep album with cloth boards. Album rubbed on extremities, spine with a minor crack on the front hinge, a couple of photos mildly faded, one photo and one watercolour have been previously removed from the album, one watercolour detached, but present; overall a very good album.
Impressive collection of beautiful large watercolours and original photos from two expeditions to the lesser travelled regions of Africa - the East African Rift Valley and the highlands of central Angola. The album is from the estate of Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn, a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh since 1894 and its president in 1912-1913. The watercolours and photos were made either by him or by his nephew Douglas McDouall who is present on two photos, posing with the native people from the area near Lake Mutanda (modern-day Uganda). An avid botanist and the owner of the famous Logan Garden in the Rhines of Galloway, Scotland (a part of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh since 1949), Douglas McDouall, together with his elder brother Kenneth (1870-1945), significantly transformed the garden introducing many exotic plants from the southern hemisphere, mostly South Africa, New Zealand, Tasmania, and Chile. The plants were purchased by the brothers from plant hunters and collected during numerous travels. Apparently, this album documents two of such plant hunting trips of Douglas McDouall – to the East African Rift and Angola. Some of his watercolours illustrating “the flora of Mount Ruwenzori and neighbourhood” were exhibited by Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn in the Botanical Society of Edinburgh in November 1909 (Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Session LXXIV. November 11, 1909, p. Xxiii).
The first part of the album illustrates the expedition to the Western (or Albertine) Rift Valley of the East African Rift System, when the travellers visited the Ruwenzori Mountains, Lake Edward, Lake Ruisamba (George), Kazinga Channel and nearby rivers and lakes, the highlands of Ankole, the chain of Virunga (Mufumbiro) volcanoes, Lake Mutanda and Lake Mwuleru, thus going through the territories of the Uganda Protectorate (Uganda), Congo Free State (Democratic Republic of the Congo), and the northwestern corner of the German East Africa (Rwanda). All seventy-seven photos from the album relate to this expedition and show numerous endemic plants from the Ruwenzori mountain slopes, with the captions which often include the name of the plant, the location it was found, the plant’s height, and the altitude above the sea level, i.e. “Lobelia & groundsel near Bujongola, 12461 ft.”; “Lobelia wollastonis, 12700 ft., highest measured 23’6”.” Other photos show the Mobuku River, Mount Kiyanja (Baker), the expedition camp in the Ruwenzori Mountains, Nyamakara [?] River, Kazinga Channel (with the expedition camp), Lake Edward (several views, with one featuring a native canoe), Ankole region, several volcanoes of the Virunga chain and native people of the area, Lake Mutanda, native guides accompanying the expedition, and others.
The stunning watercolours (no exaggeration) show the Ruwenzori foothills, Nyamakara [?] River, Lake Edward, the highlands of Ankole, and over a dozen views of all major Virunga volcanoes and their surroundings - Mount Vissoke (Bisoke), Mount Karisimbi, Mount Mikeno, Mount Namlagira (Nyamuragira, with some showing the smoke above the crater and one depicting the scene of eruption on May 22, 1909, from the distance of 35 miles), Mount Nirigongo (Nyiragongo), Mount Sabyinyo, Mount M’gahinga (Gahinga), and Mount Mukaura (Muhabura); Lake Mutanda, and Lake Mwuleru; this series of watercolours is commenced with two romantic views of elephants bathing in the Misisi [?] River, Uganda.
The second part of the album with twenty-nine watercolours depicts a travel to the highlands of central Angola in May-September 1904, starting with four coastal views of West Africa taken from the steamer (Principe Island, Sao Thome Island, the mouth of the Congo River near Santo António do Zaire/ Soyo, and Benguela). The Angolan views show desert landscapes near Humpata (including a stunning night view of burning grassland), a distant view of Lubango, views of the Caculavar River (a tributary of the upper Kunene River), Managa [?] River, Nimbu [?] River, O’Moluku[?] Mountain, Mbongo Peak (2145 m.), Baobab tree near the Cuiva River, anthill near the Minino River, and others; there are also five interesting portraits of the locals – a native soldier and women in traditional outfits. The album concludes with fifteen attractive watercolour views of the Mediterranean, likely Spain.
Overall, a beautiful historically significant collection of watercolour and photograph views of the East African Rift and central Angola.


[Collection of Thirty-five Albumen Stereoviews Showing Native People, Their Customs and Hunting Scenes in East Africa, Including Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar, With Interesting Group Photographs of the Maasai and Kikuyu People, Titled:] East Africa Through the Stereoscope, Volume 1 & 2.

1909. 35 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15,5 cm (3 x 6 in), mounted on original brown stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright and typed caption in English on recto, many with printed captions in French, German, Spanish, Swedish and Russian on verso, and some with printed travel notes. Housed in publisher's original gilt tooled black cloth box ca. 19x6,5x11 cm (7 ½ x 2 ½ x 4 ½ in) with title and studio name on spine. Box with some wear, but overall a very good collection with interesting strong, sharp photographs.
This collection of 35 albumen stereoviews contains excellent photographs of native people in East Africa, showing their customs and dress, as well as American and African hunters, with views in Kenya, Lake Victoria, Tanzania, and Zanzibar. Eleven photographs were taken in Kenya, six of which show the Kikuyu people, including “women decorated with beads and brass wire” grinding corn, “a Kikuyu warrior buying a wife from her father, the King,” “Women of Kikuyu tribe bringing firewood to a British Government Station”, and “King Wambugoo and his sixteen wives.” Other views in Kenya include “Warriors and women of a village near Mt. Kenia in festival dress,” a Mombasa street scene showing “ivory on the way from the jungle to America,” and “natives smoking fresh killed meat.” There are also six views taken around Victoria Nyanza [Lake Victoria], the chief reservoir of the Nile, including one photo of a Kavirondo village with people holding cages of “decoy quail.” Additionally, five photographs show Tanzania, including American and African hunters carrying zebras after a hunt, a portrait of the photographer with “his party” and three photographs taken near Mt Kilimanjaro, one of which shows a Wachagga village on the mountain’s slopes. There are three interesting photographs of the Masai [Maasai] people, including a group of people watching the gambling game of “Bao” and women building houses, and two photographs from Zanzibar showing a group of women “dressing their hair,” and “masked women holding a fetish that keeps off devils.” Overall, an excellent collection of strong photographs showing native people of East Africa.
“Underwood & Underwood established itself in 1882 as a stereographic distributing company. The company was founded by two brothers, Elmer and Bert Underwood. Underwood & Underwood were publishing twenty-five thousand stereographs a day by 1901…Around 1900 Underwood & Underwood introduced boxed sets, with specific themes such as education and religion, and travel sets depicting popular tourist areas of the world” (The Yellowstone Stereoview Page).


[Album of Seventy-nine Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Ethnographic Images of Indigenous People and Early Mountaineering on Mt. Kilimanjaro (Including Kibo and Mawenzi Volcanic Cones), Mt Kenya, Namanga, and Pangani].

1945. Oblong Folio album ca. 27x33,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 in). With 79 original gelatin silver photographs including one large panorama ca. 14x28 cm (5 ¼ x 11 in), thirteen large gelatin silver photographs each ca. 15x21 cm (6 x 8 ¼ in), over thirty-five medium photographs each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ¼ in), and the remaining photos each ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) and smaller mounted on recto of 39 leaves. Over twenty-five of the photographs with period manuscript white ink captions on the leaves. Period dark olive patterned cloth boards. Overall a very good album of interesting strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains interesting ethnographic views of indigenous people in Kenya and Tanzania, as well as early mountaineering photographs in the region. Over thirty of the images feature local people, including ethnographic portraits focused on their costumes and body ornaments, as well as dance and work scenes. There are three portraits of men in military uniform, likely members of the King’s African Rifles (a multi-battalion British colonial regiment which fought in several campaigns during WWII), one photograph of “game scouts” in Namanga, and several images of huts in Pangani. The album also contains many sharp mountaineering photographs of natural landscapes in the region, including a panorama of Mt Kenya, views of Mt Kilimanjaro (first summitted by Hans Meyer on 6 October 1889 which was only rarely summitted until the late 1930's when it started becoming more popular to climb) including several different views of the ice caps and craters at the summit of Kibo, views of Mawenzi, as well as a crater lake.
Captions: Il Vaticano; Kilimanjaro; On the Ice Cap; Kibo from the Saddle; “V” for Victory; Mist forest on the slopes of Kilimanjaro; Kibo Hut (photo by Sigrid Newman); Peter’s Hut, Mawenzi in the background; The Small Crater on Kibo; Kibo in a cloud; Kibo from the saddle; The Ice cap, looking N.E.; The Boys; On the journey; Mawenzi at Dawn; A rest by the way; On the ice cap, the Dome; The Crater; Giant Lobelia; Vultures; Mt Kenya; Above Crater Lake; Crater Lake (2); Game Scouts, Namanga; Elephant in the Bush; Rhino; The distance (to the elephant) is only three elephant stampede seconds; African clouds; Pangani; Where Ding and I stayed for the night; Pangani.


[Album with 117 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Military and Local Life in Kenya, Including Urban Scenes in Nairobi and Kisumu, Horse Racing, Hunting, Native Tribes and Local Soldiers].

Ca. 1939. Oblong Quarto ca. 21x28,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 ¼ in) with ten green stiff cardstock leaves. 117 original gelatin silver photographs including two larger ones each ca. 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) and the rest are each ca. 6x8,5 cm (2 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) all mounted with red corners. The vast majority are captioned in period manuscript ink on beige paper labels mostly pasted on mounts. Period patterned full soft sheep album, with a pictorial front cover colour-embossed with an image of the Egyptian pyramids, bound with decorative leather string and leather stitching along the cover edges. Album and photographs in very good condition.
The photographs in this album are likely taken by a British member of the King's African Rifles. The images were taken on a trip from Nairobi to the south-west of Kenya. There are twelve views of the streets and buildings of Nairobi, including one image of the Lionel Douglas Galton-Fenzi memorial monument, which was erected in 1939 in memory of the man who pioneered automobile routes across Kenya and East Africa. Also, several photographs show horse racing at Kariokor, Kenya’s first horse track. During the early part of the 20th century, the interior central highlands were settled by British and other European farmers, who became wealthy farming coffee and tea; racing was very popular with the white farmers who would flock to Nairobi. The album shows scenes in many of Kenya’s rural areas and villages, including Nakaru, Nyeri, Londiani, Kitale, Lubwa, Eldoret, Toga, Thika, and Nanyuki. There are images of askaris (local soldiers who were often recruited by colonial powers), hunting excursions, the railway station at Londiani, and native people in their tribal costumes. There is also a photograph of the main street of Kisumu, which had become a leading East African centre for commerce, administrative and the military in the 1930s, and an image of “the kite dropping the mail.” Overall an interesting album of strong, sharp photographs.
“By the 1930s, approximately 30,000 white settlers lived in the area and gained a political voice because of their contribution to the market economy. During the second world war, Kenya was one of the single most important recruiting grounds for the British Army in Africa. During the course of the war, 98,240 Kenyans were recruited as Askaris into the King's African Rifles (KAR), representing 30% of the unit's total strength” (Wikipedia).


LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,”; With: A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865, 8,5x5,5 cm].

2 November 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin" (Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]"(Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.


[Album of over 300 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Zaïan and Rif Wars In Morocco].

Ca. 1917-1925. Oblong Folio ca. 29x42,5 cm. twenty-five purple album leaves. Over 300 original gelatin silver prints, two are ca. 17,5x23 cm (6 ¾ x 9 in), over 45 prints are ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) and the rest are ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) or smaller. Photographs are mounted, and the majority with period manuscript black ink captions in French. Additionally with over 20 French newspaper clippings and magazine articles mounted on album leaves. Period maroon pebbled cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This collection documents in detail the success of French conquest in Morocco between 1917 and 1925. It focuses on the submission of several Berber villages to French rule during and following the Zaian war (which took place 1914-1921, as France extended its influence in Morocco eastwards through the Middle Atlas, met with resistance from Berber tribes). These include Ksiba (captioned “newly won”), Aguelmame Aziza, Tsiwant (village stormed in 1923), Aït Bazza (photos include Colonel de Chambrun explaining the manœuvre on the eve of the attack and the submission of the village), an exchange between the Maréchal Lyautey and Zayan Pasha (1922), and the submission of Tribes from North of the Ouergha River to Aïn Aïcha in 1924. The album also documents a portion of the Rif War, a colonial war between Riffain tribes and the French and Spanish troops in the Rif mountains (1921-1926), including a visit from Damaso Berenguer, High Commissioner of Spanish Morocco, aerial photographs marking posts and villages, and several images of Riffain prisoners. Also included are over 15 photos of Almis du Guigou, including Armistice Day (November 11 1918), a visit from Alexandre Millerand (President of France from 1920-1924) in 1922
The photographs are likely taken by Lieutenant de Séroux from the 1st Spahi Regiment, whose accomplishments are highlighted in newspaper clippings included in the album. A photograph shows his decoration by Maréchal Lyautey (the first French Resident-General in Morocco from 1912 to 1925) in June 1918. Also photographed is General Poeymiraum, one of Maréchal Lyautey’s collaborators; both are known for playing crucial roles in the submission of the Zaïans.
The photograph include (with the original French captions):
Fes ; Campements; Premier avion atterit à Almis, 10-1918; Le Maréchal Lyautey me décore (june 1918); Almis du Guigou; Tazouta 1920; Sefrou 1920; General Poeymirau; Visite du Président de la République Millerand au Maroc; Khenifra; Le Maréchal et le Pasha des Zaïans; Ksiba nouvellement conquis; Rabat: Défilé du 14 Juillet 1922; Le roi et la reine des Belges s’embarquant sur le «Diana»; La reine des Belges à Casablanca; Dans le Moyen Atlas; Aguelmame Aziza; Le village de Tsiouant Foukani pris d’assaut en 1923; Aït Bazza: veille d’opération, Le Colonel de Chambrun explique la manœuvre; Visite du Général Berenguer, Haut Commissaire Espagnole à Fez, 1923; Le Pasha Baghdadi de Fes; Voyage des Attachés Militaires Etrangers au Maroc 1923; Soumission des Tribus du Nord de l’Ouergh à Aïn Aïcha (1924); Ma decoration à Aïn-Aïcha Janvier 1925; Taounate 1924-1925; Aerial photographs; Prisoniers Riffains Juillet 1925.


[Album of Fifty-Two Original Gelatin Silver and Collotype Photographs of Windhoek and Environs in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia), Likely Compiled by a German Colonial Artillery Officer].

1899-1904. Oblong Folio (25x36.5 cm). 19 stiff green album leaves. With 52 original gelatin silver and collotype photographs, the majority ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and the largest ones ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ½ in) and the smallest ones ca. 10x14 cm (4 x 5½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves all captioned in German in black ink on mounts. Original brown decoratively embossed cloth album with gilt title "Photographien" on front cover. A couple of photographs mildly faded, two with some mild discolouration and one with some edge wear. Hinges of album cracked but holding, overall a very good album of interesting photographs.
This album which was most likely compiled by a German colonial artillery officer contains interesting photos of the landscapes, people, buildings and the German military (especially artillery) in Windhoek and environs when it was the capital of the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Officers on board ship leaving Germany for Deutsch Suedwest Afrika 25.4.1899; Damara huts; Colonel Leutwein; Aredareigas 1901 (Battery buildings and exercises) & Aredareigas 1905 (military group photos, landscape views, raising livestock, branding donkeys etc.); Windhoek (Building firing range, Junior officer corps and promotion party 1903), War memorial, leopards, Services at War Memorial and for locals, Herero family, panoramas (7) of big and little Windhoek, Soldiers on riding oxen, Battery buildings, Military parade 27.1.1903). Overall a very interesting album of interesting views of Namibia and of the German military there during the time of the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


KOENEN, Jos[eph?] Regierungs-Landmesser
[Album of Fifty-Three Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of Swakopmund, Windhoek, Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Karibib, Ababis and Khan in Deutsch Suedwest Afrika (Namibia) Compiled by a Senior German Colonial Surveyor].

15 December 1900. Oblong Quarto (18x25 cm). 25 stiff light green album leaves. With 53 original gelatin silver photographs, fifty of which are mounted ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) and three smaller personal ones loosely inserted. Images inserted recto and verso into windows of album leaves and all captioned in manuscript in German in black ink on mounts. Original green embossed cloth album with manuscript black ink paper title label "Suedwest-Afrika 1900-1903" on front cover. Covers mildly soiled and with mild wear of extremities, a couple repaired tears of mounts, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
This album which was compiled by a senior German colonial official contains historically interesting and candid photos of Namibia when it was the German colony of Deutsch Suedwest Afrika and includes views of: Swakopmund (general view, port, bookstore, trading company buildings, Bank (Deutsche Colonial Gesellschaft fuer Suedwest Afrika), "Deutschen Colonial Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, "Damara-Namaqua Handelsgesellschaft" buildings, customs office, shipping company buildings, Oberstlieutnant Leutwein (Gouverneur) taking a walk, Central Hotel with accommodations for staff, "Swakopmunder Handelgesellschaft" store, trains station with steam engine, pump station with waterline, quarry for building of the port with Ovambo workers, view over the Imperial port construction office, construction of railroad, home of Major Pofall, post office, ox wagens, "Tippelskirch & co." building, whale bones on the beach, Cafe Hagemeister); Windhoek (Governor Leutwein at his residence, general view, war memorial, street scene, hot springs, artillery barracks, ruins of a fort (war with Witbooi), place of Hottentots massacre, first Government house, Catholic Mission, street in Little Windhoek, View of Little Windhoek); Gross Barmen, Oljimbingue, Last troop transport; Karibib train station & post station; Ababis; Khan (general view, train station, cliffs); Rossing Train station; Luederitzbucht; native prisoners. Overall a very interesting album of evocative views showing Namibia shortly before the Herero and Namaqua genocide (1904-7).


BELLAMY, Capt. P. J.
[Album with 115 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by Captain P.J. Bellamy, Showing the Military Activities of the 1st Border Regiment in South Africa During the Second Anglo-Boer War].

March 1900 – February 1901. Oblong Quarto ca. 25x31 cm (10 x 12 ¼ in) with 115 original gelatin silver photographs larger photographs each ca. 21x12,5 cm (8x5 in), 13 medium photographs each ca. 9x12 cm (3 5/8 x 4 ¾ in), the rest each ca. 8x8 cm (3 ¼ x 3 ¼ in) and smaller, mounted in windows on recto and verso of 24 brown stiff card leaves, all but nine captioned (and the majority dated) in period red typescript on labels pasted under each photograph or in period manuscript ink or in negative. Period brown full roan album gilt titled “South Africa 1899-1901. 1st Border Regiment” on front cover with moiré endpapers inscribed with period manuscript ink “E.H. Bellamy from M.G. 1900” and some recent pencil notes. Several small chips to front board, one larger chip to back board, but album leaves and photographs in very good condition.
This album of 115 original gelatin silver photographs compiled by Captain (later Lieutenant Colonel) P.J. Belamy of the 1st Border Regiment and documents in detail the regiment’s military activities during the Second Boer War, from March 1900 to February 1901. Several of the photographs show important events from the war, including a “Kaffir spy brought to Major Pelly to be examined, on morning of 9th July, 1900 at Rietfontein, under shell fire (long range),” the “graves of men of Berks and Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders who fell in action at Mazilikats Nek, on 3rd Aug. 1900,” “Lt.-Col. Ovens, Major Pelly and Capt. Thompson inspecting Volunteers of Battn. on their departure, 6th Oct, 1900,” and a “scene of action at Middlefontein. Taken on 23rd Jan., 1901 the day before the fight with De la Rey’s men” (Koos Delaray was known to be one of the strongest Boer generals during the war). There is also evidence of guerilla tactics used by Boers including a “railway bridge destroyed by the Boers at Bronkhorst Spruit,” and of the British scorched-earth counter-insurgency policy including the battalion “clearing a farm near Breedts Nek, 15th Jan. 1901.” Additionally, some interesting views show the life of soldiers during the war, including numerous group photographs of officers and soldiers which are each carefully labelled (showing Captain P.J. Bellamy, Major Matthews, Lieutenant Sutherland, Lieutenant-Colonel Ovens, Major Pelly, Captain Thompson, Captain Vaughn, and others…), the battalion marching through a drift, soldiers making tea at the camp, a “shoemaker’s shop on the move,” “men buying at canteen stores, Krugersdorp” and an very good photograph of “ladies offering tea to troops” as soldiers lean out of railway cars in Kimberly. Other interesting photographs include soldiers working at a railhead in “Fourteen Streams May 1900,” soldiers “waiting to entrain” at the Potchefstroom railway station, and a “Kaffir’s hut near Breedts Nek.” The remainder of the photographs show the battalion marching in the countryside through Rouxville, Wepener (across the Caledon River bridge), Smithfield, Bethulie, Ventersdorp, Swavel Poort, Buffelspoort, Pretoria, Bokfontein, Dambrock and other locations. Overall, a very good album of strong, clear, and well identified photographs documenting important details of the 1st Border Regiment’s activities during the Second Boer War from 1900-1901.
“The Second Boer War started on 11 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. Britain defeated two Boer states in South Africa: the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State. Britain was aided by its Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal and some native African allies. The British war effort was further supported by volunteers from the British Empire, including Southern Africa, the Australian colonies, Canada, India and New Zealand. The second part of the war (February–April 1900) was the opposite of the first. After the British reorganized and reinforced under new leadership, they began to experience success against the Boer soldiers. Commonwealth soldiers resorted to using blockhouses, farm burning and concentration camps to 'persuade' the resisting Boers into submission. The third and final phase of the war was the guerrilla phase where many Boer soldiers turned to Guerrilla tactics such as raiding infrastructure or communications lines. Many Canadian soldiers did not actually see combat after getting shipped over to South Africa as many arrived around the time of the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging on 31 May 1902” (Wikipedia).


[Album with 56 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Taken by a Passenger of the SS “City of Cairo”, Showing Nubian and Sudanese Cities and Villages along the White Nile, from Ibrim to Kosti, Including Khartoum, Omdurman, Wad-Alzaky, Ad Douiem and Others; Several Views of the Blue Nile, and a Three-Part Panorama of Port Said].

1924-6. Oblong Folio ca. 32,5x42 cm (13 x 16 ½ in). Six grey card album leaves. With 56 mounted gelatin silver prints, including a three-part panorama ca. 6,5x32,5 cm (2 ½ x 12 ¾ in), the other photos are ca. 7,5x13 cm (3 x 5 ¼ in) or slightly smaller. All photos captioned (and many dated) in period manuscript blue ink on the mounts. Recent brown cloth album with embossed design on front cover. One image partially detached and folded, one with repaired tear, a few photographs with mild rubbing or fading, otherwise a very good album with strong sharp photographs.
Nice album with interesting snapshot photographs of the villages and cities located on the Nile River banks from Ibrim (Lower Nubia, Egypt) to Kosti (present-day White Nile state of Sudan). Apparently taken by a young British military man on service in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the album includes views of the Abu Simbel rock temple (before it was moved in 1968 during the construction of the Aswan High Dam), Wadi Halfa, Khartoum (White Nile bridge to Omdurman under construction, British barracks – with two images of a sand storm closing over the barracks, native boats on the Blue Nile in Khartoum, the White Nile in flood, the junction point of the White and Blue Nile, nearby Moghren village, Khartoum-Omdurman ferry boat), Omdurman (native market, buildings on the Nile bank, a street in the native quarter), Ad Douiem (local people on the Nile bank, British Governor’s house, native market, prison cart, White Nile Police officers), Wad-Alzaky, Kosti (railway station, mosque, bridge under construction, native village, native market, “S.S. Fateh alongside at Kosti”), and others; there are also photos of the local fishermen and children, and several views of the White Nile, with two photos showing the felucca race on July 15, 1924. The album closes with a three-part panorama of Port Said harbour taken in 1926 from the “Fleet Frozen meat store,” showing the Navy House (destroyed during the 1956 Suez Crisis), the Suez Canal Company Office and naval cruisers docked nearby. Overall a nice photo collection of views of Egypt and Sudan along the banks of the Nile River.


[Album of 109 Original Albumen Photographs Showing the Architecture, People and Places along the North and East Coast of Tunisia Titled:] Souvenir de Tunisie.

1884. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 27,5x35,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 in). 109 original albumen photographs including 93 from ca. 13,5x22,5 cm (5 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to 20 x 26 cm (8 x 10 in), and 16 from ca. 16,5x11,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ½ in) to 20x15,5 cm (8 x 6 in) mounted on recto and/or verso of 46 beige album leaves. 48 are captioned in period manuscript pencil or in negative on the print by the studio. Period red quarter Morocco with gilt title on front cover and pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Some mounts mildly foxed and a couple of photographs mildly faded but overall a very good album of strong photographs.
This album contains photographs showing landscapes, villages and local people along the North and East coast of Tunisia during a visit by French officials in 1884 (soon after the Marsa convention was signed in 1883, which required administrative and judicial reforms under the French Protectorate). Interesting are photographs showing officials: one photograph shows a French official sitting next to a group of Tunisian people and another shows a procession of officials on horses, followed by local people, nuns and other religious figures. A group photo of Tunisian people is captioned “National Tour 1884.” A large portion of the images shows Tunis, including the old port of Carthage, clothing and perfume markets, and several photographs of the Dar el Bey government palace. Three large photographs show buildings and people along the banks of the Bizerte canal. Images of Sfax include the crowded Central street, a market near the city’s ramparts, and a view of the city. Four photographs show Kairouen, particularly the interior and exterior of the Grand Mosque. There are also many photographs of the rural regions in between towns, including an image of people gathering water at an oasis between Menzel and Djaraa, women cleaning clothes in a valley near Gabes, Arab horsemen, and an oasis near Nefta. Also included are several photographs of Malta, including Fort St Angelo and the Royal Theatre. Overall an extensive collection of excellent photographs of Tunisia.
Captioned photos: Porte de France; La residence; Dar el Bey; Souk des Tailleurs; Souk des Parfums; Vue du Bardo; Vue de Carthage; Cathédrale de Carthage; Chapelle de St Louis, Entrée du Musée, Carthage; Le Canal (Bizerte); Vue du Canal; Rue a Sfax; Anciens ports de Carthage; Palais dar Hussein; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Vue de Sfax; Marché a l’alfa devant les remparts (Sfax); Rue Centrale (Sfax); Marché de Djara; Dans l’oasis à Gabés; Entre Menzel et Djaraa; Pont de Menzel; Sur les bords de l’Oued Gabés; Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée à Kairouen; Ancien Harem (Bardo); Escalier des lions au Bardo; Alger, Intérieur de la Grande Mosquée; Gabès; Oasis de Nefta; Cavaliers Arabes; Jardin à Nefta; A Travers l’Oasis de Tozeur; Piscine Romaine à Gafsa; Tunis, Place de la Kasbah; Tunis, Entrée du Dar-el-Bey; Cour du Dar-el-Bey, Tunis; Marabout ruiné, près du fort Sidi-ben-Hassen; Fort St Angelo, Malta; Royal Theatre, Malta; Strada Sta Lucia, Malta; Tomb of Compte Beanjolais, St John’s church, Malta; Grande Mosquée Kairouen; Anciens Ports de Carthage; Maison Arabe; Souk des Parfums; Vue Générale Kairouen; Tunis Regardant la Kasbah; El-Djem; Tour National 1834


[Album of Fifty-Six Original Gelatin Silver and Platinum Photographs Showing Ethnographic Views and Colonial Buildings and Infrastructure in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania Following the Construction of the Uganda Railway (1896-1901)].

Ca. 1907. Large Oblong Folio album ca. 26x33,5 cm (10 ¼ x 13 in). 13 light green stiff card album leaves. 56 gelatin silver and platinum photographs including 15 photographs ca. 15x21 cm (5 x 8½ in), 8 each ca. 10,5x15 cm (4x6 in), and the rest ca. 6,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in) and slightly smaller, mounted recto and verso. All but ten captioned in period manuscript blue ink or pencil. Period dark brown quarter sheep with gilt bands, brown pebbled cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Album and photographs in very good condition.
This album contains photographs of local people and colonial establishments in British East Africa (present-day Kenya), Uganda (protectorate established in 1896) and German East Africa (present-day Tanzania). A large portion of the photographs are taken along the Uganda Railway from Mombasa, where the Railway began in 1896, to the terminus at Kisumu on the eastern shore of Lake Victoria, where it was completed in 1901. One image shows local people standing near a railway station, and another shows railway worker gangers gathering near a cart. Several photographs show an Indian Bazaar in Nairobi, likely started by a community of British Indian labourers who were brought to Kenya to complete the railway in the late 1890s. "Built during the Scramble for Africa, the Uganda Railway was the one genuinely strategic railway to be constructed in tropical Africa at that time. 2,498 workers died during its construction" (Wikipedia). Many of the images are ethnographic studies of the local peoples including portraits, groups standing in a row with women holding their young children, people working, native settlements and market scenes. One photograph shows Kikuyu Natives in Nairobi sorting coffee beans on the ground as a European supervisor watches. Several images show colonial buildings, including the Memorial Cathedral in Mombasa (the administrative centre of British East Africa until 1905), and a Missionary Society School in Uganda which was founded in 1895 to educate native chiefs’ sons. Also included are images of a Government House, and a U.M.C.A. (Universities' Mission to Central Africa?) House and Chapel in Tanga, Tanzania, which was the first establishment and administrative center of German East Africa. Overall, an excellent album showing local peoples and colonial establishments in British East Africa, Uganda and German East Africa.
List of photographs: Wakamba Women, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives B.E.A.; Kisumu Beef Market; Kikuyu boy outside hut, Nairobi 1907; Uganda Railway Co. Steamers on Lake Victoria, Nyanza, 1907, Kisumu; Ripon Falls, Source of the Nile, Jinja, Uganda; Exterior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; River View, Magda, G.E. Africa; Indian Bazaar, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Indian Bazaar, Natives Shopping, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Namirembe Markey, Uganda; Kampala Fort, Uganda; Ripon Falls, Jinja, Uganda; Queen Victoria’s Statue, Nairobi B.E.A.; Canoe, Lake Victoria Nyanza; Mengo, Uganda, C.M.S. School for sons of chiefs in foreground; Scenery, French Mission, Nairobi, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Natives sorting coffee beans, French Mission, Nairobi B.E.A.; Kibwezi Natives, B.E. Africa; Kavirondo Native; Kikuyu Women going to market, B.E.A.; Kikuyu Group, B.E.A.; Kavirondo Native; Watching the train pan, Kibos, B.E.A.; Kisumu Market; Gangers, Uganda Railway, B.E.A.; Interior of Mombasa Memorial Cathedral; King’s Lake, Mengo, Uganda; Waterfall near Magila, G.E.A. (2 views); Bagamoyo Village, Magila, G.E.A.; Tanga Bay, G.E.A.; Street in Tanga, G.E.A.; U.M.C.A. Mission House and Chapel, Tanga, G.E.A.; Government House, Tanga G.E.A.; Bridge built by the late Padre Harrison, Magila, G.E.A.; Village, Magila, G.E.A.; River, Magila, G.E.A.; View, Magila, G.E.A.; Public Gardens, Tanga, G.E.A.; Native Street, Tanga, G.E.A. (2 views); Bismarck’s Monument, Tanga, G.E.A.; Kisumu Market, B.E.A. (2 views); Station on the Uganda Railway, B.E.A.


[Album with ca. 380 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing the Building of a Pipeline Between Norman Wells and Whitehorse (Yukon) and Life at Canol Camp in the Northwest Territories, With Views of Work and Landscapes along the Alaska [Alcan] Highway, and Street Scenes in Whitehorse.]

1943-1944. Oblong Quarto ca. 18x29 cm (7 x 11 ¼ in) with ca. 380 original gelatin silver photographs including one large photograph ca. 17x23,5 cm (6 ¾ x 9 ¼ in), 4 medium photos each ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in) and the rest each ca. 13x7,5 cm (5x3 in) and smaller. All but one mounted on recto and verso of 82 black stiff card leaves with corners, and over half are captioned in period typescript on yellow or orange slips pasted under each photograph. Also included are 7 real photo postcards each ca. 8,5x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in), and memorabilia including a Whitehorse Dist. Newsletter ca. 33x20 cm (13x8 in), a wedding invitation with “Reception at Canol Hotel” ca. 8x13 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in) and a small “Armistice Day Dance” ticket. Period black patterned soft sheep covers bound with black cord and gilt titled on front cover “Photographs” and “White Horse, Yukon.” Mild rubbing at album extremities and two leaves detached, but overall a very good album with sharp strong photographs.
This interesting album of ca. 380 original gelatin silver photographs shows the life of people involved in building an oil pipeline from Norman Wells (Northwest Territories) to a refinery in Whitehorse (Yukon), construction and landscape views along the Alcan Highway, as well as street views in Whitehorse. In 1942, members of the U.S. Engineering Corps were sent from Edmonton, Alberta along the Mackenzie River to Norman Wells, in order to build a pipeline to a new refinery in Whitehorse for oil that would fuel the completion of the Alcan highway. “This pipeline would be 600 miles long, passing through a virtually unknown land containing everything from swampy valleys to high mountains and raging rivers” (Explore North). Canol Camp was established at Norman Wells for the workers, and this album contains around twenty photographs of the site, showing workers standing in line outside the “Mess Hall,” women at the camp, a first aid tent, the Electrical Department building and signs indicating “Bechtel - Price - Callahan Construction,” which was the company completing the construction project. There are also photographs of a ship carrying equipment for Norman Wells, “Cutting ice at Norman Wells,” “Road and Pipeline near Canol,” the “Refinery near Whitehorse” and a sign indicating “War Department, Office US Engineers, Whitehorse district.” Many photographs were taken along the Alcan Highway, some of which show construction work, including one captioned “Cutting Grade on the Alcan,” and many of which show views along the way, including Johnson’s Crossing, Tagish lake, and the Teslin river crossing. The seven real photo postcards included with the album show the completed Alaska Highway. Additionally, around fifteen photographs show street scenes and buildings in Whitehorse, including the Canadian Bank and Commerce, Inn Whitehorse, White Pass Hotel, and Yukon Ivory Shop. Also included are photographs of hunting trips in the Northwest territories, views of Mackenzie Country and Peace River, several photographs of the Pullen House fire in Skagway (1843), and Aurora Borealis scenes. Overall, a very interesting album showing work on the Alcan and Canol projects and life in Northern Canada during the 1940s.
“During the Second World War, in response to Japanese offense in 1942 “the first joint effort of the U.S. And Canada was to start construction of the Alaska Highway - often called the Alcan… One of the logistical problems involved ensuring a supply of oil for the thousands of pieces of equipment that would be used. Tanker traffic from California was now subject to attack by enemy forces, threatening the oil supply to both the highway project and the airfields along the Northwest Staging Route from Montana to Alaska… At the time, the safest potential oil supply appeared to be at Norman Wells, on the Mackenzie River…It was therefore decided to expand the Norman Wells field, and build a pipeline from there to a new refinery to be built at Whitehorse… In the summer of 1942, U.S. Engineering troops and pipe were dispatched to the end of rails in Alberta, 285 miles north of Edmonton; from there, they were barged almost 1,100 miles to the river bank opposite the Norman Wells refinery. At that point, a new camp - Camp Canol (for "Canadian Oil"), would be set up to house the thousands of workers who would be needed. In the spring of 1943, the first women arrived at Camp Canol, and a distinct change in the social nature of the camp occurred - variety shows were held, choral groups started, and a regular newsletter was produced… Despite all the weather, geographic, logistical and political problems, though, the pipeline did reach the new Whitehorse refinery - the final weld was laid on February 16, 1944. It was a short-lived success, however; on April 1, 1945, the Whitehorse refinery was shut down.” (Explore North)


[Album with Sixty-four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs, Thirty-six Real Photo and Printed Postcards, and other Ephemera Documenting the Kowalke Family Cruise to Alaska and the Klondike in 1905, Showing Indigenous People, Totem Poles, and Urban and Landscape Views, Titled:] Alaska via Totem Pole Route.

1905. Oblong Quarto album ca. 18,5x26,5 cm (7 ¼ x 10 ½ in) with 64 original gelatin silver photographs including two larger ones ca. 12,5x17,5 cm (5x7 in) and ca. 11,5x19 cm (4 ½ x 7 ¼ in), the rest ca. 8x10 cm (3x4 in), 13 real photo postcards and 23 printed postcards each ca. 14x9 cm (5 ½ x 3 ½ in). Photographs and postcards captioned in period manuscript white ink on the leaves, in black or brown ink on the photographs or in negative, all but one mounted recto and/or verso of 26 black paper leaves (album has total of 50 leaves). Also included are 10 lithograph folding souvenir menus from the Pacific Coast Steamship Co. SS Spokane, each ca. 13,5x11,5 cm (5 ¼ x 4 ½ in) and one colour lithograph die-cut totem pole souvenir menu ca. 24,5x9 cm (9 ¾ x 3 ½ in). With one “Alaska Steamship Co.” folding map and flyer ca. 51x108 cm (19 ½ x 42 in) of which one panel is pasted on the inside front cover, and one “Union Pacific System” map ca. 20x23 cm (8x9 in). Period black cloth album with printed label “Alaska via Totem Pole Route 1905” mounted on front cover, and slip with period manuscript pencil inscription “Otto Kowalke / Professor” pasted on front endpaper. Mild wear and minor fading on album covers, a corner chip of title label on front cover, some images slightly detached from mounts, but overall a very good album.
This album with 64 original gelatin silver photographs and 36 printed and real photo postcards was compiled as a souvenir of the Kowalke family cruise to Alaska onboard the SS Spokane in 1905. Embarking from Seattle, they travelled to Ketchikan and the album shows photographs of their first totem pole sighting, the Taku glacier, and the Great Treadwell Gold Mine on Douglas Island, including the “Glory Hole.” They continued to Juneau, Skagway, and White Pass, and photographs show the White Pass Summit, the Yukon Rail Road and Lynn Canal. There are images of the family disembarking into small boats off the side of the SS Spokane, Indigenous people seal-hunting in Chilkaat [Chillkat] Inlet, a trek to Davidson Glacier, numerous views of Glacier Bay, and a view of the salmon cannery at Sitka. One large photograph shows “Indian women in front of old Russian Store, Main St. Sitka” and the other shows the Alaska United Gold Mining Co. Ready Bullion Stamping Mill, taken by Winter & Pond in 1899. Other interesting photographs include an image of venison drying racks on the beach in front of the Indigenous village, and photos of the family on the SS Spokane’s deck. The real photo postcards include the “Indian Village” at Sitka, Army Barracks, the road to the Totem Poles, the Russian Block House as well as general views and in Totem Poles in Wrangel.
The travelers included Otto Kowalke (1878-1976), his father Ferdinand (b. 1851), a machinist with the Chicago & North-Western Railway, Otto’s two younger sisters and his aunt. Kowalke finished high school in 3 years, became principal of the Fond du Lac grade school at 17 years of age, and studied at the University of Wisconsin School of Engineering. He became a professor in 1907 and wrote over 70 monographs and scientific papers on metallurgy. (Milwaukee Sentinel, Nov. 23, 1966)


[Historically Interesting Autograph Letter Signed by J.E. Cleveland, an Early Preacher in Sacramento during the California Gold Rush, to his Brother J. Emory Cleveland in Masonville, New York, Describing the Growing Population in Sacramento, the Construction of a Second Church, and a Gang of “Spanish Robbers” in the Region].

Apr. 23rd 1853. Quarto bifolium (ca. 25,5x20 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on blue laid paper with “SUPERFINE” watermark on each page. Addressed on verso of second page. Fold marks and some minor small stains on the second page, otherwise a very good letter in a legible hand.
An historically interesting letter that describes the early settlement of Sacramento during the California Gold Rush, including Cleveland’s work as a preacher, the construction of a second church, and the activities of “Spanish robbers.” Cleveland describes the circuit he makes as a preacher in the region, visiting a place with “forty families and nearly one thousand inhabitants” and another with “twenty families and five hundred inhabitants” and explains that “there will be a large emigration this season” (as a result of the Gold Rush). He explains the recent troubles he has faced as the region is “infested with Spanish robbers of the most daring and dangerous description. Several of them have been caught and hung as all murderers ought to be. We don't stop in this country to consider whether capital punishment is proper or not. Men are frequently hung for stealing horses. The leader of this gang has not yet been caught. He is supposed to wear armour under his clothes which protects him from rifle or pistol balls." Cleveland reflects on the development of Sacramento, considering that “four years ago, this was a wilderness which white people had seldom visited.” In particular, he outlines the cost of building a “nearly finished” church which was constructed by Catholic reverend Augustine Anderson and finished in 1854. He also mentions his experience with a disease and ends his letter explaining that he has “enclosed several specimens of gold.” Overall, a very interesting letter describing the early settlement of Sacramento during the California Gold Rush.
“The great California Gold Rush (1848-58) began on January 24, 1848, when James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget in the American River while constructing a sawmill for John Sutter” (Harvard University Library). Sutter’s Mill was located in Coloma, approximately 58 km northeast of Sacramento. Sacramento was itself developed around a wharf, called the Embarcadero, that John Sutter had developed prior to his retirement in 1849. Sacramento is the oldest incorporated city in California, incorporated on February 27, 1850. After a devastating flood in 1850, Sacramento experienced a cholera epidemic and a flu epidemic (Wikipedia).


[Collection of Twenty-five Original Gelatin Silver Stereoviews Showing Local People, Villages, Farms and Industry in Bolivia and Chile].

Ca. 1910s. 25 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8x15 cm (3x6 in), mounted on original grey stiff cards. Each numbered with photographer’s copyright and printed captions in English on recto. Housed in period blue cloth lined box ca. 19x9x9 cm (7 ½ x 3 ½ x 3 ½ in) with “Keystone Geography Units in Stereographs” label. Overall a very good collection with strong and sharp photographs.
This collection of 25 original gelatin silver stereoviews contains interesting photographs of local people, farms, industry and villages in Bolivia and Chile. Photographs of Bolivia include a Cattle Estancia in Chaco, a railroad, a general view and street scene of La Paz, a farmhouse and market in Cochabamba, an “Indian Village,” and views of the tin-mining center of Oruro, including one photograph showing the sifting of tin ore. Photographs of Chile include views on a Temuco Farm (with a portrait of the farmer, and photographs of the processes of plowing and “haying”), a lumberyard, Santiago, the Copper Mine in Chanaral, the Antofagasta harbor and railroad to Bolivia, Valparaiso, including the market, the port, and one general view, and one photograph of an Araucanian girl weaving. Overall, a collection of sharp interesting photographs showing people, towns and industry in Chile and Bolivia.
“In 1897 Simon Patiño purchased La Salvadora mine near the village of Uncia, east of Oruro, which eventually became the world’s most productive tin source. Patiño’s fortunes snowballed and by 1924 he had gained control of about 50% of the nation’s tin output” (lonelyplanet). “In 1824, Diego de Almeyda made the discovery of the large natural deposits of copper in the area near Chanaral, and was the first in the mining industry in Chile to export it. For this reason, the town was founded October 26, 1833 as Chañaral de las Ánimas ("Chañar field of the Souls"). A few of years later, Pedro Lujan discovered ore at El Salado, where a mine was built. In 1836, a shipping port promising raw material was constructed. The great boom Chañaral began in 1860 when A. Edwards & Company was inaugurated where an inn exists today.” (Wikipedia)
“The Keystone View Company was founded in 1892 by B. L. Singley in Meadville, Pennsylvania…it rapidly improved and eventually became not only the world's largest but also the best view company. In the formative days Singley took all the images; later there were dozens of staff photographers…They developed the technique of consistently producing beautifully clear, crisp prints which were a delight to view; originally they were mounted on tan curved cards and later on their trade-mark dark gray curved mounts. The company also emphasized the use of informative text on the back of the views, and popularized the concept of boxed sets which had been innovated by the Underwood Brothers.” (Yellowstone Stereoview Page)


[Album of Twenty-Three Early Original Albumen Photographs of a Tourist's Voyage Around the Caribbean to Cuba, Jamaica & Saint Thomas (Danish West Indies)].

Jan 29th - Feb. 28th 1873. Oblong Folio (ca. 27x36 cm). 22 beige card stock album leaves. With twenty-three original albumen photographs: 19 larger ones ca. 18,5x22cm (7x9 in) to ca. 15x20 cm (6x8 in) and 4 smaller ones ca. 10x5,5 cm (3 ½ x 2 ½ in) mounted recto on the album leaves. Most photos captioned in manuscript brown ink on mounts. Additionally with twelve flower and plant samples found on the voyage mounted on the album leaves. Handsome period brown gilt tooled full diced morocco. Rebacked in style, but overall a very good album.
An interesting early tourist's vernacular photo album of a voyage around the Caribbean including strong images of Havana: harbour, cathedral, panorama, Volante (hired carriage); Jamaica: Port Royal from Gallows Point - Kingston, Wesley Chapel - Kingston, Mico School, three images of coloured servants, Morant Court House - where S.W. Gordon was executed, Bog River, Bog Walk, Flat Bridge - Bog Walk, Middleton Market, lunatic asylum, village scene with cacti, Garden House; Saint Thomas: Monkland Coffee Estate, Cotton Tree, Upper Park Camp, Market Place, two-part panorama of Charlotte Amalie.


[Album of 174 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs of the Voyage of German Naval Officer Fritz Standke to the Iguazu Falls and Asuncion on a Streamer via the Rio de la Plata, Uruguay, Parana, Paraguay Rivers with Stops in Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay].

1918. Oblong Folio (24,5x33 cm). 30 brown album leaves. With 174 original gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23,5 cm (7 x 9 ½ in) and smaller, the smallest ones ca. 4,5x6,5 cm (2 x 2 ½ in). Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves most captioned in German in manuscript white ink and some with printed paper labels on mounts. Additionally included are two manuscript maps in white ink and mount mounted printed text describing details of the journey. Original blue patterned full cloth album. Overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting photographs in this very extensively annotated album include views of Argentina (Buenos Aires (Darsena Norte), Isla Martin Garcia with interior and exterior photos of barracks, Colon, Concordia, Posadas including a series of photographs documenting the harvest of Yerba Mate, San Ignacio including ruins of the old mission, riding through the Amazon Jungle; Uruguay (Paysandu, Salto); A series of over 70 photos of the Iguazu falls with hotel and surroundings; Paraguay (Asuncion (panorama and port); San Bernardino). Included in the photographs are two-part panoramas of Darsena Norte, Garganta del Diablo, Asuncion, San Bernadino, Iguazu Falls.


[Album of Sixty Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Titled:] A Visit to Jamaica in 1907 Immediately After the Great Earthquake.

1907. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20x25,5 cm). 30 dark green stiff card album leaves. Sixty gelatin silver photographs (47 glossy and 13 matte) ranging in size from ca. 11x15,5 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca, 7,5x10 cm (3x4 in) mounted recto on album leaves. All captioned on mounts in manuscript white ink. With two ephemeral pieces of R.M.S. "Port Kingston" tipped in: Souvenir - Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co. Ld. - Log of the R.M.S. "Port Kingston" (voyage 22) & Dinner D' Adieu 11-3-07 & Programme of Athletic Sports Tuesday March 5th 1907. Also loosely inserted Passenger list T.S.S. "Tahiti" Sailing.., For Sydney (Oct. 1911). Period black gilt tooled half morocco with dark green pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked in style, extremities with mild wear and boards with some mild water staining, but overall a very good collection of interesting photographs.
This interesting private album of a voyage to Jamaica soon after the 1907 earthquake, shows onboard scenes and over fifteen detailed views of the damage caused by the earthquake in Kingston and includes views the Colonial Bank ruins, King Street in ruins, Orange Street in ruins, Queen Victoria's statue turned around by earthquake and the damage to the Parish Church. Other views include over ten images of Ocho Rios including the Sylvia Lawn Hotel and its staff as well as numerous views of the beach and several views of Montego Bay, Constant Spring showing Earthquake damage and views of Spanish Town and the Rio Cobra River.
The collection of photographs include: Onboard: Ship deck; Approaching Turks Island; Wheelbarrow race on deck; Port Royal, showing sunken trees; Sunrise over Blue Mountains, Jamaica; Couple on Deck; Kingston: Nearing the wharves; Alongside a Wharf; Colonial Bank Ruins; Street Ruins; King Street (4 views, including ruins and fire damage); Orange Street; Crowds at the Market; People waiting in line at The Halfway Tree; Constant Spring Hotel; View from Constant Spring Hotel; The Parish Church (two views, visible damage); Queen Victoria’s Statue affected by Earthquake; Wharves seen from Shore
Ocho Rios: Sylvia Lawn Hotel (two views, one with staff); Beach (Seven views, including private cove and family photos); The Fording (two views); Cocoa-nut palms; River Falls (coloured photo) Spanish Town: Royal Palms; Admiral Rodneys Monument; Rio Cobra River (four views); Street view Castleton: Hut on the Road to Castleton; Castleton Gardens (three views) Moneague: On the Road to Moneague; Palm Trees; View; Fern Gully; Montego Bay (five views, including a Country Spring and Dry River Bed); Constant Spring showing Earthquake Damage.
The January 14, 1907 Kingston earthquake had a magnitude of 6.5 and was considered at that time one of the world's worst in history.


[Historically Interesting Autograph Letter Signed to John B. Macy by Businessman John Rinex(or Rynix), Written in the Early Days of Coal Mining in St. Louis, Missouri, Mentioning a New Land Acquisition along the Mississippi River, Coal Transportation Methods, and a Dispute with the Ferry Company over the Mississippi Riverbed].

St. Louis, Mo, 12 January 1841. Quarto bifolium (ca. 24,5x20 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on white wove paper on pictorial letterhead showing a panorama of St. Louis, “printed and folded at the St Louis Lith. South Main Street.” Addressed and stamped “St Louis” and “Toledo” on verso of second page. Fold marks, a small hole where opening on the second leaf affecting one word, otherwise a very good letter in a legible hand.
Historically interesting early letter from John Rinex/Rynix, a businessman in St Louis (likely a successor of John Reynolds, owner of a railway and coal mine opposite St Louis from 1837-38) to John B. Macy, a possible business associate or competitor (and member of the US Congress from 1853-1855). The letter describes the author’s new coal mine acquisition along the Mississippi river, across from the city of St Louis. He details the size and extent of the parcel, which includes “350 acres of coal land running 2 miles along the bluff and about ¼ mile in the hills, also a strip of excellent river bottom land” and predicts the amount of coal to be extracted: “I will however give you a calculation of the quantity(?) of coal supposed (almost without the shade of a doubt) in the veins or strata – They are 4 feet thick, 3 ½ feet and 3 feet. […] 120,000,000 cubic yards […] of coal and for this […] property I only agreed to pay 50 000 dollars.” The letter also describes the use of the existing “well built rail road” to transport the coal, which “is dumped by a slide or chute direct in the car.” Interestingly, the author describes an apparent controversy over the sale of land on the riverbed, as it will affect the Ferry Company’s operation and explains that “the ferry company now clear about 75 000 dollars per year, therefore you can readily see the fear they have of any opposition.” This letter documents important developments during the early years of coal mining along the Mississippi river in present day St Louis.
Coal development in St Louis began in the 1820s with the Russell Coal Mines in “Oak Hill” (Missouri History Museum). “In 1837, Governor John Reynolds formed a company composed of Samuel B. Chandler, George Walker, Vital Jarrot, and Daniel Pierce, to extract the coal from a property he held on the nearby bluffs. The company, known as the Illinois and St. Louis Line, proposed to freight coal from the bluffs to the market in St. Louis. The sloughs and swamplands that lay between the bluffs and the river bank, made road construction impractical, and the company decided on rail transportation… Time and again, the company verged on bankruptcy and the resources of the stockholders were gradually drained away… In the spring of 1838, the Illinois and St. Louis Line was at last completed and a four-horse team drew a car of coal from the bluffs to the river. This rudimentary railroad, if it can be termed a railroad, was the first in the Mississippi Valley.” (Illinois State Museum) “The next spring, however, the company sold out, at great sacrifice.” (ILGenWeb)
John B. Macy, to whom the letter is addressed was a U.S. Representative from Wisconsin, judge, railroad executive, and businessman who was one of the founders of Toledo, Ohio in 1833. He was also one of the proprietors of the Rock River Valley Union Railroad and was involved in real estate in the 1840s.


[Interesting Autograph Letter Written by R.B. Guyles, an Emigrant to the Oregon City Talking about His Experience in the City, Plans to go to the Walla Walla Mines, Local Climate etc.].

Oregon City, 25 June 1850. Large Octavo (ca. 25x19,5 cm). A bifolium, written on two pages and addressed on the fourth page. Dark brown ink on bluish wove paper. Original fold marks, minor holes on folds, paper with mild stains, remnants of the original seal on the last page; overall the letter is written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
Interesting letter written by R.B. Guyles, a emigrant to the Oregon Territory, originally from Ira, Cayuga County (New York) to his compatriot Daniel Pierce. Guyles sailed to the Oregon Territory on steamer “Massachusetts,” via Rio de Janeiro, landed at the Strait of Magellan, “but soon came on board again for the Indians was very barbarious;” called at Valparaiso, and the Sandwich Islands. He landed at Fort Vancouver on the 15th of May 1849. “I have worked very hard since I have come here and I think in a short time I shall be able to come back again with a good sum of money. Everything is very dear, but wages are large, most any kind of a machine can make from 1 to 20 dolls a day, and labours from 12 to 15 dolls a day, a man can make money at any thing he is a mind to go at. I think in the corse [sic!] of 2 or 3 months that I shall go to the mines in Walawalla O.T., but I want to hear a little more about it first. The mines are very unhealthy in California or else I should have gone there &c. This is a very healthy country here, the summers are cold here and the winters are mild, scarcely any snow is seen in any season of the year. Horses and cattle live on the green grass all winter, some winters there has not been any snow seen…”


[Album with Thirty-five Original Platinum Photographs Showing the Construction of the Panama Canal 1888-1913, [With] Three Maps of the Panama Canal, an Information Card Containing Construction and Historical Details, and a Printed Copy of a Jan. 1st 1915 Letter from Alice Moore M. Tomas to her son and Mapmaker C.P. Gray Describing her Experience Onboard During the First Crossing of the Canal].

1888-1915. Oblong Folio ca. 27,5x36,5 cm (10 ¾ x 14 ½ in) with 35 platinum photographs, including one panorama ca. 8,5x28 cm (3 ¼ x 11 in) and the rest are each ca. 18,5x24 cm (7 ¼ x 9 ½ in), mounted one per page on recto and/or verso of eighteen white stiff card leaves. All are numbered, dated and/or captioned by the studio in negative or in period manuscript pencil on a slip of paper included ca. 12x20 cm (4 ¾ x 8 in). Also included are two copies of a pressed cardboard raised relief map titled “Gray’s Aero View of the Panama Canal” ca. 11,5x34 cm (4 ½ x 13 ½ in), an envelope ca. 14x35 cm (5 ½ x 13 ¾ in) containing a blue printed letter with “Hamburg American Line” letterhead ca. 41,5x19 cm (16 x 7 ½ in) pasted onto a folding information card ca. 28,5x36 cm (11 ¼ x 14 ¼ in) with canal facts and drawing of canal profile, and a folding map titled: “General Map of the Panama Canal / Published by WM. M. Baxter, JR.” ca. 31,5x86 cm (12 ½ x 34 in). Period dark green gilt tooled full straight grained morocco titled “PANAMA / 1913.” with decorative endpapers, gilt tooled title embellishments on inside covers, three “Republica de Panama” stamps pasted on front endpaper and small “W. Johnson and Sons, Makers, London” label pasted on back inside cover. Some minor rubbing of extremities, but overall a very good album with strong clear photographs.
This album contains 35 original platinum photographs showing the different stages of construction and operation of the Panama Canal in 1888-1913, including the operation of the Gatun Locks, Blowing up of the Gamboa Dyke, the Culebra Cut, Gold Hill, Pedro Miguel Locks, Miraflores Spillway Dam, Miraflores Locks, and Balboa Terminals. The album also contains a printed copy letter from Alice Moore M. Tomas to her son, C.P. Gray, the mapmaker who designed the raised relief maps included with the album. She describes the experience of a Hamburg-American steamship passenger during the first crossing of the Canal in 1915: “All the passengers were up and on deck with the coming of the sweet, refreshing tropical dawn, eager to behold the pageantry of this great celebration. […] We are now passing through the five-hundred-foot channel to Gatun Locks. Here, we catch a glimpse of the gigantic steel and concrete docks – but our whole attention is centered on our entrance to Lock No. 1 through which we are towed by tremendous Electric Mules, having hauling power of 25,000 pounds an engine. […] Great hausers from these mammoth Electric Mules, or locomotives, grapple our vessel and haul till its nose touches the gate of Lock No. 2 […] Thus in exactly seventy-two minutes we have been put through the thee locks of Gatun […] and are proceeding, by our own power, through the buoyed channel in Gatun Lake […] so rapidly are new objects presenting themselves that my pen falters in the attempt to describe them.” Additionally, an information card “Compliments of the Hamburg-American Line” is included and highlights historical events leading to the construction of the canal, facts about its construction and a drawing of the canal’s profile.
Captions of the photographs: A French Scheme for excavating; View from water at Gatun showing Lock & Dam; View looking south showing upper locks and Gatun Lake; West wing wall Gatun; Operation of Gatun Locks; Looking south from lighthouse on west wall, showing water in west chamber of upper lock; Looking north from north gates, shower lower guard gates in foreground; First boat through. Tugboat “Gatun” entering lower lock, west chamber; Dredging fleet entering lower lock, west chamber; Dredging fleet in lower lock, west chambers; Dredging fleet leaving west chamber of upper lock; Blowing up Gamboa dyke, view looking north; view from west bank showing water rushing through opening immediately after blast; A view of Calebra Cut looking towards empire in 1888; Gold Hill looking south in 1890; Culebra Cut from top of Contractor’s hill; View looking south from West Bank near Cunette; Looking North from West Bank at Cunette; Break in East Bank at La Pita taking in Obispo Diversion Channel; Looking North from La Pita; Looking north from East bank half way between Culebra and Empire; Looking north from west bank south of Contractor’s hill; Culebra Cut, Empire; Looking south from west bank near Cunette; Looking North from West Bank; Culebra Cut Land slide with dredged at work; The Great Calubra Cut looking north; Pedro Miguel Locks operating gates to admit first boats to locks; Dredging fleet entering east chamber of lock; General view of lower locks, Miraflores; Spilling Miraflores under construction; Miraflores spillway dam, showing upstream side of dam; First boat through; Leaving west chamber of upper locks and entering Miraflores lake; Balboa terminals.
"In 1907 Roosevelt appointed George Washington Goethals as Chief Engineer of the Panama Canal. The building of the canal was completed in 1914, two years ahead of the target date of June 1, 1916. The canal was formally opened on August 15, 1914 with the passage of the cargo and passenger ship SS Ancon" (Wikipedia).


24. SOLD


CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].

Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.


NARES, Captain Sir George Strong (1831-1915)
Arctic Expedition, 1875-6. Journals and proceedings of the Arctic Expedition, 1875-6, under the command of Captain Sir George S. Nares, R.N., K.C.B.

London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1877. First Edition. Folio (ca. 33x22 cm). vii, 484 pp. With text illustrations plus nine uncolored maps (seven folding), seven colored maps (six folding), and sixteen plates (twelve folding). Handsome period style navy gilt tooled half morocco with pebbled cloth boards. A near fine copy.
This work is the official British government report of the Arctic Expedition of 1876- 7 commanded by Captain George S. Nares. The expedition's primary objective was to attain the highest northern latitude and, if possible, to reach the North Pole, and from winter quarters to explore the adjacent coasts within the reach of traveling parties. The expedition was the first to sail ships through the channel between Greenland and Ellesmere Island and as far north as the Lincoln Sea. A sledging party under Captain Albert Hastings Markham also set a new record on land, reaching as far north as 83° 20'.
The "British Arctic expedition of 1875-6, in the vessels Alert and Discovery, [had] the chief aim of which was to reach the north pole. Reports of the American expeditions of Isaac Israel Hayes, 1860-61, and C. F. Hall, 1870-73, had revived the belief in an open polar sea and suggested that land extended far to the north, west of Robeson Channel. Both these theories proved to be wrong, but at the time they indicated the Smith Sound route as the best line of advance to the pole. The vessels sailed on 29 May 1875 and reached winter quarters on the coast of Grinnell Land (Ellesmere Island), the Discovery in latitude 81°44' N., and the Alert, with Nares, in latitude 82°27' N ‘the most northerly point hitherto reached in the Canadian Arctic’ (Levere, 281). The following spring sledge parties were sent out. That led by Lieutenant Pelham Aldrich of the Alert explored the north coast of Ellesmere Island westwards. They reached its most northerly point (Cape Columbia) and continued to Cape Alfred Ernest (Alert Point) before turning back, having charted some 400 km of new coastline (Hattersley-Smith, 121). Lieutenant Lewis A. Beaumont of the Discovery followed the coast of Greenland northwards to Sherard Osborn Fjord. Meanwhile, a party led by Commander A. H. Markham of the Alert struck out over the ice in an attempt to get to the pole. They reached 83°20' N, a heroic achievement considering that the pack ice was extremely rough, and also drifting south almost as fast as they were travelling northwards. Their experience and an outbreak of scurvy affecting both ships led Nares to call off the entire expedition and return home early, in the late summer of 1876"(Oxford DNB).This official work includes reports of the expedition's two ships, the Alert and the Discovery, and various autumn 1875 and spring 1876 traveling parties (including journals of the various sledge parties). The volume provides incredible detail concerning the daily activities and experience of the expedition, including descriptions of the ice, weather, wildlife, vegetation, and the health and activities of the members of the expedition. The appendix: Nares' report on the quality and quantity of the provisions, is also of great interest, noting which supplies were particularly worthwhile and which items were useless. Howgego 1850-1940, Polar Regions N6.


GARDNER, Edward (1784-1861) [Resident in Kathmandu in 1816-29]
[Autograph Letter Signed to a Superior, Most likely Governor-General of Bengal, Francis, Earl of Moira (later 1st Marquis of Hastings), Reporting the Latest Intelligence Including Troop Strengths and Movements of the Gurkhas (Nepali Troops) in the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16].

Hawalbagh, 18 December 1815. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on beige wove paper Original fold marks, otherwise in very good condition.
An historically important letter written by Gardner from Hawalbagh during the ratification period of the Treaty of Segauli. The letter starts with information about Nepali troop strength in Kumaon which "does not appear to be above four or five hundred men at present" Other Nepalese troops "are said to have gone to the East towards Nepal." Generally of the Nepalese troops "there does not seem to be any of that bustle among them that one would expect on the eve of an invasion notwithstanding the warlike preparations on our side - it certainly has not the appearance of war on the part of the Gurkhas." Also mentioned is a letter Gardner received from Colonel Gardiner from the Gurakhpur frontier where Gardiner says "nobody knows anything about the Gurkhas in that quarter. That they are neither seen nor heard of or appear from what he can learn, to be making any preparations for defence, however in not seeing them he says is no proof that they are unprepared for us."
Gardner "played a crucial role in bringing Nepal into treaty relations with the British in India" (Watson, Lost Botanist of Nepal). For his services Gardner was rewarded by being made Resident (Honoray Consul) to the court of the Rajah in Kathmandu in 1816, where he remained as Resident for the next 14 years; "With his deep understanding and strong liking of the people of Nepal, he was the perfect person for the job and against the odds he largely succeeded"(Watson). Gardner was also a passionate plant collector but his "prolific collections and his pioneering contribution to Himalayan botany are largely unknown to modern botanists" (Watson).


[Album with Twenty-Four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Local People, Architecture and British Military Activity Around the Time of the Anglo-Burmese War of 1885].

Ca. 1885. Oblong Quarto ca. 18x23 cm (7x9 in) with twenty-four glossy gelatin silver photographs each ca. 11x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in), loosely mounted in windows on recto and verso of twelve beige stiff card leaves. Period red pebbled cloth album with black embossed ornamental frame on front cover. Some mild rubbing of extremities, cloth slightly detached from boards in places and one small stain on the back cover, mild foxing on some leaves and inside covers, but overall a very good album.
This interesting album includes early photographs of Burma’s ancient architecture and local people during a pivotal time in the country’s history. There are several photographs of British military activity, likely related to the Third Anglo-Burmese war (1885) which ended the Konbaung dynasty and Burmese sovereignty. These include images of soldiers advancing with their weapons and one photograph of local people sitting on the ground, wrapped in blankets with British officers standing by. Additionally, there is one portrait of a Burmese woman, possibly Queen Supayalat or another member of the royal family. Other photographs show elite women in a horse-drawn cart, women carrying water, a group of young girls dancing in costume, local people in their boats near the shore and group of fishermen. There are also views of the Mandalay Royal Palace, Mandalay temples, and a temple at the ancient city of Bagan. Overall an interesting album of strong, sharp photographs.
“The Third Anglo-Burmese War, also known as the Third Burma War, was a conflict that took place during 7–29 November 1885, with sporadic resistance and insurgency continuing into 1887. It was the final of three wars fought in the 19th century between the Burmese and the British. The war saw the loss of sovereignty of an independent Burma under the Konbaung Dynasty, whose rule had already been reduced to the territory known as Upper Burma, the region of Lower Burma having been annexed by the British in 1853, as a result of the Second Anglo-Burmese War. Following the war, Burma came under the rule of the British Raj as a province of India… Resistance continued in northern Burma until 1890, with the British finally resorting to a systematic destruction of villages and appointment of new officials to finally halt all guerrilla activity.” (Wikipedia)


HUMBOLDT, Alexander von (1769-1859)
Asie Centrale: Recherches sur les Chaines de Montagnes et la Climatologie Comparee. [Central Asia: Research of the Mountain Chains and Comparative Climatology].

Paris: Gide, 1843. First French Edition. Octavo (ca. 22x14 cm), 3 vols. lviii, 570, [1]; 558, [1]; 614, [3] pp. With a folding engraved map and 14 folding tables. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled papered boards, and gilt lettered names of the library it belonged to “Cercle des Phocéens” on the bottoms of the spines. Paper label of “Librairie Barjolle, Paris” on the front pastedown endpaper of vol. 1. Bindings with mild wear on extremities, corners mildly bumped, scattered light foxing but overall a very good set.
First edition of this scarce work by Prussian geographer, naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt, based on his travel to Siberia and Central Asia in April-November 1829. Organized after a special invitation by the Russian Tsar Nicolas I, the expedition took Humboldt and his companions to the Ural Mountains, Tobolsk, the Altai Mountains and up the Irtysh River as far as the Russian-Chinese border near Lake Zaysan, with the return travel via Omsk, Chelyabinsk and Astrakhan. It was this travel and resulted in Humboldt coining the term “Central Asia” defining the vast land mass in the centre of the Eurasian continent. “The most important results of this extensive tour were the completion of meteorological data for the isothermal world map, a theory of the orographic configuration of the central Asiatic mountain systems and tablelands, and the discovery of diamonds in the gold mines of the Urals. His request to the Russian government in 1829 led to the establishment of a line of magnetic and meteorological stations across northern Asia and a similar appeal to the duke of Sussex who, at the time, (1836), was president of the Royal Society, secured for the undertaking the wide basis of the British dominions. Thus, Humboldt established the forerunner of modern scientific cooperation between the nations of the world” (Profile of Baron Alexander von Humboldt/ Special Collections & Archive of the Library of Humboldt State University, online).
This book in not a travel account (which was written by Humboldt’s companion Gustave Rose), but a scientific essay on Central Asia’s orography and climatology. The text of the book was originally written by Humboldt in French, and comprises the present edition; it was translated into German by a meteorologist Wilhelm Mahlmann and published in 1844 (Untersuchungen über die Gebirgsketten und die vergleichende Klimatologie. Berlin, 1844, in 2 vols. 3 parts). The first two volumes are dedicated to Central Asia’s geology and orography, with frequent comparisons to the Alps and the American Cordilleras, and the third volume describes Asiatic climatology and terrestrial magnetism. The text is supplemented with fourteen tables of meteorological observations and an excellent folding engraved map of Central Asia, covering the region from the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea on the west to the source of the Amur River on the east, from the central Ural Mountains in the north to the Himalayas in the south. This well-preserved copy derives from the library of a Marseille cultural society Cercle des Phocéens (est. In 1787) and is listed in the library catalogue under no. 68-70 (Catalogue de la Bibliothéque/ Cercle des Phocéens. Marseille, 1874, p. 149).
Cordier BS 2806, Yakushi H454A, Perret 2299.


[Historically Significant Journal Recording a Travel from Peking to Hankou (a part of present-day Wuhan), along the Line of the Unfinished Peking-Hankou (Jinghan) Railway, with the Eye-Witness Account on the Railway Construction, Notes on the Meetings with the Railway Company Officials, Chinese Workers, Inhabitants of Nearby Villages, Local Places of Interest etc., Titled:] V – de Pekin à Hankao.

6-21 November [1903]. Octavo, ca. 22,5x17,5 cm (8 ¾ x 6 ¾ in). 32 leaves. Manuscript text in French. Black and brown ink on lined white laid paper (one page written in pencil), all entries with dates on the margins. Occasional markings in red or blue pencil in text. Period style maroon half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with gilt tooled ornaments and gilt lettered title “PEKIN A HANKAO,” original paper wrappers bound in. Manuscript table of contents on verso of the front wrapper. First leaf slightly soiled on the bottom, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good journal written in a legible hand.
Interesting historically significant journal describing a travel from Beijing to Hankou (a part of modern-day Wuhan) in November 1903; the traveller apparently was a French member of the “Société d’étude de chemis de fer en Chine,” a French-Belgian company which built the Peking-Hankou (Jinghan) Railway in 1897-1906. The construction of the Jinghan Railway started in the end of 1898, with the first sections being opened in 1899; the works were interrupted in the 1900 by the Boxer Rebellion, which led to the destruction of a large part of the railway and murder of many workers; the construction was resumed in early 1901 and finished in the end of 1905 (See more: The Peking-Hankow Railway// Bulletin of the American Geographical Society/ Vol. 38, No. 9. 1906, pp. 554-556). Although the journal entries don’t mention a year they were written, it was most likely 1903 (when the 6th of November fell on Friday, like it is recorded in the journal), a period of active construction of the remaining sections.
The journal contains a detailed account of a 16-day trip from Beijing to Hankou, along the railway under construction. Being an independent manuscript on its own, it is apparently a part of a larger collection of eight such journals, describing the whole voyage from Paris to Macao via Siberia, Manchuria, Korea, Peking, Hankou, Canton, and Hong Kong (see the table of contents on verso of the front wrapper).
The author describes his travel from Beijing along the “Imperial Route” in the “Palace car,” his visit to a monastery and a pagoda in “Tcheng Ting” (Zhengding County), which hosts a large 25m Buddha statue. He then recounts a meeting with Mr. Sémat, who owns an “exploitation” and constructs a railway between “Shum te fou” and the Yellow River. He also comments on the landscapes through which he travels by train, cart, horse and on foot: “The mountains of China are more distant, the villages more spaced out from each other; to my surprise on my left, [there is] a railway. It’s a line built by an English coal mining company, which begins from a point along the Wei Ho (Tau Kou) a little further than Wei Wei Fou and reaches the mines in the mountains, over there. This is the way through which materials for the exploitation arrived; that is also the way by which the coal will be exported; but, until now, we cannot find any…” (in translation). During his trip, he meets many people who are involved in the railway construction, including Mr. Charignon, Mr. Job, Mr. Nimal, Mr .Devienne, or Mr. Icarro: “And here comes a cavalry: it’s Mr. Nimal, the sous-chef of the Tongan Tefan section […] accompanied by his drivers and his dogs. There, in the plains, are the Tchang Té Fou walls, and before that a quay on a little river […] We then follow the West wall of the city and arrive at the section, a yamen in the west suburb near where a train station will be next year.”
There are some interesting notes on Chinese railway workers: “From time to time, teams of indigenous people, very applied in their work on the bank which they level like a billiard: the appearance, that is the strong suit of the Chinese; does the railway also have such a groomed appearance? Very curious; for example, each coolie carries such a small amount of soil at a time, but there are so many of them, and we pay them each so little!” He also discusses the benefits of the railway development: “the peasants are peaceful and in favour of the railway and sensible to the benefits they will experience […] as long as we compensate them for the fields; the houses that we are destroying, the graves that we are moving, they declare themselves very satisfied. I sense, already, that China is not deep down what we judge it to be and that its people are, like all populations, sensible to the advantages of any progress of which they can experience the effects.” Other entries tell about his sleep over in a yamen (administrative office and/or residence of a local bureaucrat or mandarin in Imperial China) in “Honntan,” an accident with his horse after which he was carried by porters, surprised Chinese officials when he presented them a passport, the hospitality of the villagers et al.: “I had forgotten to note for yesterday that we had barely gone to bed at 9pm, when a huge explosion sound made us jump, then another […] it was the village mayor’s son who came out to make fireworks in our honor.” Overall an interesting eye-witness account of the construction of the Jinghan Railway - “the first great trunk line through China” (The Peking-Hankow Railway// Bulletin of the American Geographical Society, p. 554) which in 1957 became a part of the major south-north railway in modern China – Beijing-Guangzhou Railway.


[Album with Thirty-three Original Photographs of the Upper and Middle Yangtze River and British Gunboat HMS Widgeon with its Crew].

Ca. 1900. Quarto (ca. 26x16 cm). 24 card stock leaves (6 blank). Thirty-three mounted gelatin silver prints, the majority ca. 8x10,5 cm (3x4 in) or slightly smaller; with six family photos of the same size at rear. One photo captioned in ink on verso: “Tibetans. Taken on board “Widgeon” at Chungking, January 1909”. Original green full cloth album with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front board. Album slightly rubbed on extremities and weak on hinges, corners slightly bumped, two mounts with minor tears, several images slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting album apparently compiled by a crew member of HMS Widgeon, a British gunboat that served on the upper and middle Yangtze River in the early 20th century. Among the images are three photos of British gunboats (two most likely showing HMS Widgeon), several portraits of British sailors (one with Chinese children on a river bank), a portrait of “Tibetans. Taken on board “Widgeon” at Chungking, January 1909,” over a dozen river views (Chinese boats, rowers, a group of workers in harnesses dragging a boat upstream, scenes of boat launching, head shaving on a river bank, et al.); portraits of Chinese peasants on rice and poppy fields, water bearers, villagers listening to music from a gramophone, views of Chinese villages, temples, tombs and others.
“From the end of the 19th century through the first half of the 20th, most Western powers maintained a naval presence in China. These gunboats protected traders and missionaries, safeguarded national interests, and patrolled Chinese rivers in search of pirates. It was a wild, lawless time in China as ruthless warlords fought numerous small wars to increase their power and influence” (Yangtze River gunboats, 1900-1949/ About the book/ ospreypublishing.com).
The gunboats on the Yangtze River “were vitally needed, as until their arrival no gunboats had managed to pass through the treacherous Yangtze gorges, to reach the calmer waters of the upper Yangtze beyond. Western merchants were vulnerable, so in May [1900] the two gunboats [HMS Woodlark and HMS Widgeon] braved the rapids, and battled their way upriver to Chungking. They remained there for more than a quarter of a century. Like her sister ships Teal and Moorhen, HMS Widgeon was a lightly enlarged version of the earlier two gunboats, and was shipped out to the Orient, and re-assembled in Shanghai. Widgeon entered service on the upper and middle Yangtze in 1904, and she remained there for three decades, before being decommissioned in 1931. In September 1926 she played an active part in the Wanhsien Incident, as her crew attempted to recover two British-registered freighters from a Chinese warlord” (Konstam, A. Yangtze River gunboats, 1900-1949. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2011, p. 8).


32. [ASIA - INDIA]
[EDGE, Sir John] (1841-1926)
[Album with over 120 Original Albumen Photographs from the Private Archive of the Chief Justice of the High Court in Allahabad (British India), Showing Hunting Camps in the North-Western Provinces and Kashmir, Agra, Srinagar, Nainital Hill Station, Skardu and Sind Valleys, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s Family and House in Allahabad, Portraits of the Viceroy of India, Lieutenant Governor of the North Western Provinces and other British India Officials, Members of the 60th Volunteer Rifles in Allahabad, and Others].

Ca. 1888-1894. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x39 cm). Thirty beige card stock leaves. Over 120 mounted albumen prints of various size, including over twenty large photos ca. 22x28 cm (8 ¾ x 11 in); the rest are from ca. 15,5x21 cm (6x8 in) to ca. 3x3 cm (1 ¼ x 1 ¼ in). Most photos with black ink captions on the mounts; three views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki Brothers signed and captioned in negative. Period brown half morocco album with cloth boards and gilt tooled borders on the spine; all edges gilt. Binding rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, several images mildly faded, minor water stain on the inner side of the back cover not affecting the images; overall a very good album.
Interesting album from the family archive of Sir John Edge, Chief Justice of the High Court of North Western Provinces of British India in Allahabad (1886-98), the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad (1887-93), a judicial member of the Council of India (1899-1908). “Holding office until 1898, Edge proved to be a capable leader of a court that included several other very talented judges. He also demonstrated considerable administrative skills, such as arranging for the codification of the court's rules and, between 1887-1893, serving as the first vice-chancellor of the University of Allahabad. He also headed the famine relief committee set up in response to the 1896 famine in India” (Wikipedia).
The album gives a picturesque illustration to the life of Edge’s family in Allahabad and Himalayan hill stations, proving the opinion that “when chief justice of Allahabad he [Edge] was notably hospitable. He was proficient with rod, rifle, and gun, and was a keen alpinist” (Oxford DNB). Interesting photos include several group portraits of family and friends in backcountry hunting camps during Christmas seasons of 1888, 1889, 1890, and 1891, showing Edge, his daughters and guests posing with hunted tigers, deer, bears, and leopards (“Dad’s tiger”, “E[thel]. Edge. Shot Feb. 14th/90” – standing next to a dead tiger); mounted on elephants, on a “Lunch in the jungles south west of Saktirgarh”, and others.
There are also interesting original photos of the Public Works office in Simla, Srinagar and the banks of the Jhelum River, Nainital hill station showing the results of the landslip in 1880, Baramulla town with the bridge over the Jhelum River, “The Residency” in Kashmir, “C. Spedding’s Camp” in the Himalayan foothills, Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah or “Baby Taj” in Agra, portraits of local villagers, boatmen, and others. Sixteen views taken during Edge’s hiking trips in Baltistan (modern-day Pakistan) show Skardu Valley, Shigar and Indus Rivers, Edge’s camps, glaciers, “Pony road on left bank of Indus”, Sind Valley, Zoji La mountain pass, and others.
Several group portraits show the officers of the 60th Regiment of Foot, or the King’s Royal Rifle Corps which Edge was in command of in Allahabad, one photo featuring him in the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. “He was an enthusiastic volunteer in the Inns of Court Rifles during his early days at the bar and later in India, where (as lieutenant-colonel) he commanded a battalion of the Allahabad rifle volunteers and was honorary aide-de-camp to the viceroy” (Oxford DNB). The album also houses a large group portrait of the graduates of the “School of Musketry, Deolali, Second Class, 1894”.
An interesting group portrait of British India officials and upper class residents was taken during the opening ceremony of the Dufferin bridge over the Ganges in Benares in 1888 (modern name: Malviya Bridge, Varanasi), and features: Lord Dufferin (Viceroy of British India in 1884-88), the Maharaja of Benares, Sir Donald Wallace (private secretary to Lord Dufferin in 1886-89), Sir Thomas Baker (military commander in Bengal in 1887-90), Sir Auckland Colvin (Lieutenant Governor of Indian North Western Provinces in 1887-92) with his wife and daughter, Sir John Edge (with his wife and daughter), Duke and Duchess of Montrose, and others. There are also group portraits from the wedding of Sir Auckland Colvin’s daughter in November 1891; a fancy ball on Christmas 1888, and others, many with detailed captions naming the people on photos (i.e. C. Spedding, R. Boothby, Strachey, Mr. Spankie, Miss Spedding, Mr. Malcomson).
The album houses a number of photos of Sir John Edge captioned as “Dad”, his wife Laura (nee Loughborough, 1848-1936) captioned as “Mother”, Edge’s daughters Ethel (1869-1934), Kathleen, and Helga (1885-1976), “Our House. Allahabad, 1889”, family horses and dogs, interiors of Edge’s residence; most likely the album was compiled or annotated by Edge’s son John (1873-96) who graduated from Cambridge and “was preparing for the Diplomatic Service when his health broke down, and the doctors sent him out to India”, where he died at the age of 23. (The Colonies & India, London, 12 September 1896, p. 16). The album opens with a large photo of Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company’s steamer Kaisar-i-Hind (I, 1878-1897), and five large views of the Suez Canal by Zangaki, probably acquired by John Edge on his way to India.
Overall a very interesting content rich album showing the life of the upper-class officials in British India.


33. [ASIA - INDIA]
GREENE, Captain Dominick Sarsfield, Royal Artillery (1826-1892)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of India and from the Homeward Voyage back to England].

Ca. 1857-8. Oblong Small Folio (ca. 25,5x32,5 cm). 12 beige album leaves. With ten watercolours, each ca. 17x25 cm (7x10 in) mounted on album leaves with original black ink captions mounted below. Five watercolours initialled "DSG" in pencil and four variously dated in 1858. Period style dark green gilt tooled half straight-grained morocco with dark green cloth boards. Overall a very good collection of watercolours.
The series of sketches in this album was made by Captain Dominick Sarsfield Greene at the same time as his sketches which were later turned into lithographs for his "Views in India, from drawings taken during the Seapoy Mutiny," Thos. Maclean: London, 1859. The ten attractive watercolours include: Ghauts. Bombay. Sunset; The Caves of Elephanta, Bombay; Gibraltar Hill from Rawul Pindee, Sunset; The Jumna Musgid - Delhi; The Taj Agra; On the road to Constantia, 12.5.58; From Sandy Bay Ridge, St. Helena, 3.6.58; The Man's Head Rock - St. Vincent; Bird Island, St. Vincent, St Antonia in the distance, 20.6.58; The Harbour, St. Vincent, Cape Verde, 19.6.58. Provenance: Sir Alexander Moncrieff (1829-1906) and thence by descent.


[Album of Seventy-Eight Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Documenting the Travels of an English Tourist Through Sumatra, Java and Bali Including many Images of Volcanoes].

Ca. 1928. Oblong Folio (27,5x40,5 cm). Nine green stiff album leaves. With 78 original mounted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 10x14,5 cm (4x6 in) and slightly smaller and one panorama ca. 7x32 cm (3x13 in). Additionally with one printed postcard. Images mounted on recto and verso of album leaves. Many images with captions in black manuscript ink. Original green cloth album, Covers with some mild wear at extremities, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The atmospheric images in this album start with views in northern and western Sumatra including ones of Mount Sibayak and Mount Sinabung from the town of Berastagi, with views of the Sibayak crater. Several photos show the Battak villages of Kabanjahe and Ambarita with local dwellings and locals pounding paddy. Then several views of Lake Toba including a three part panorama and views of the town of Parapat; views of Lake Singkarak; Lake Maninjau; Tarutung Bazaar; The photographer? standing besides the Equator marker; Mount Singgalang and Mount Marapi from Fort de Kock (Bukittinggi); The Harau Valley with local inhabitants; Bukit Lawang with Minangkabau houses and granaries; City of Sibolga with bay; Then the photos move to Central Java and Borobudur, the 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang including a series of detailed views of the stone carved reliefs of the temple; then a series of photos of an active Mount Bromo in Eastern Java with the Sand Sea, volcanic cone and crater; Finally the album finishes in Bali with the Drum Tower, Denpasar; Royal burial shrines, Temple gate; Rock Tomb Gunung Kawi; Ancestral Shrines and fountain; Mount Batur from Kintamani; Mount Batur Eruption 1926; Mount Batur lava flow 1928; Lake Batur. Overall an interesting album of Sumatra, Java and Bali which highlights not only people and cultural places but also some of the regions volcanoes.


KING-SALTER, Alice Constance (1860-1933)
[Album with 178 Gelatin Silver Photographs of Kashmir Taken by a Talented Female Photographer, with Unusual Views of the Singh River Valley, Sonamarg, Zoji La Mountain Pass, Lolab Valley, Jhelum River, Srinagar Bridges, and Streets, Baramulla, Wular and Dal Lakes, Dal Canal, Lidar Valley, Martund Sun Temple, Gurez Valley, Kishanganga River, Nanga Parbat Mountain, Lively Portraits of the Local People, et al.].

1901-1904. Large Folio album ca. 45,5x31 cm (18x12 in). 40 stiff card leaves. With 178 mounted gelatin silver prints (including two two-part panoramas); over a hundred photos are each ca. 14,5x20 cm (5 ¾ x 8 in.) and larger, the rest are ca. 11x19 cm (4 ¼ x 7 ½ in) and smaller. All photos captioned and many dated in period manuscript black ink on the mounts. Period manuscript note in black ink on the front free endpaper “Photographs taken by A.C. King Salter. September 1901 – November 1904.” With five photos loosely inserted, size from ca. 15x21 cm (5 ¾ x 8 ¼ in) to ca. 11,5x16 cm (4 ½ 6 ¼ in), two signed in negative “Bali & Co.” in the lower corners. Period gilt tooled black half morocco album with black pebbled cloth boards, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Some wear at album extremities and spine, one very small stain and a small chip on the back cover, mild foxing on leaves and endpapers but photographs are strong and sharp.
Very interesting collection of 178 original gelatin silver photographs, with some beautiful sharp images taken during two trips to the Kashmir Valley by Alice King-Salter, the wife of Henry Peter King-Salter (1861-?), a Major of the 3rd Battalion of the Rifle Brigade stationed in Rawalpindi and Meerut in the early 1900s. The photos are large and of unusually high quality, revealing the artistic talent of this amateur female photographer who captured images of the well-known sites from unusual angles and took interesting original views and portraits of the locals.
Alice King-Salter and her husband travelled to the Kashmir Valley up the Jhelum river in local dunga house boats, reaching Srinagar and going from there to different parts of the valley. During the first trip in September-October 1901 they went up the Sindh River Valley from Ganderbal to the Zoji La Mountain Pass, and then up the Lolab Valley in western Kashmir. Over eighty photos taken during the trip include twenty large and several smaller photos from a trip to the Sindh River Valley (the entrance to the valley, the travellers’ camp at Gagangir, Ladakhi camp near Sonamarg, bridge over the Sindh River near Sonamarg, post office at Sonamarg, mountain scenery near Baltal, rest house at Baltal, the top of the Zoji La Pass, portraits of a Kashmiri family in front of their house, of a “group of Baltis, Ladakhis etc.,” “Balti women,” and others). Seventeen photos depict a journey up the Lolab Valley (Kashmiri houses in Lalpora and Tregham, traveller’s dunga boat on the Pohru river, portraits of their Kashmiri servants and cooks, and others). There are also twelve large and several smaller views of Srinagar (general views taken from the Takht-i-Suleiman Hill, Srinagar Fort, Khanqah Mosque of Shah Hamdan, ancient Hindu shrine on top of the Takht-i-Suleiman Hill, several views of the Jhelum River banks taken “from the Bund below Cockburn’s Agency,” “from below Bahar Shah’s,” “from the 2nd bridge,” a street view, the Dal Canal, a portrait of “Ali Tan, silk merchant etc., Srinagar,” et al.). Some other interesting views show the bridge over the Jhelum River in Baramulla, Naidhkai village, the bazaar in Ganderbal, native cargo boat at the Wular Lake, travellers’ dunga boats at the Dal Lake, “ruined temple between Uri & Rampore, Jhelum Valley Road,” rope bridge at Uri, and others.
The second trip dated July 20 – September 18, 1902 resulted in 75 photos and depicts the journeys to the Lidar and Garais (Gurez) Valleys. The trip to the Lidar Valley (16 large photos) shows Bijbehara town, Pahalgam village and the travellers’ camp above Pahalgam, several views of the Kolahoi Peak (including a two-part panorama), three views of the ruins of the Hindu Martund Sun Temple, and two lively group portraits of the Hindu pilgrims returning from the Amarnath Temple. A dozen rare photos of the Gurez Valley show the rest house at Tragbal Pass, the Kishanganga River with the cantilever bridge, various views from the top of the Tragbal Pass, and three stunning views of Nunga Parbat Mountain from the top of the Komri Pass. Other interesting photos show Kohala with the “bridge leading into Kashmir territory,” Baramulla, Sopore town, Dal Lake (one with the “post office tent in the foreground”), and Dal Canal, several views of Srinagar (the 7th bridge, Jhelum River above the 6th bridge, the 4th bridge, a street sign of the local “Lussoo, silver & copper smith,” street on the Mar Canal, and others), portraits of “Garais women with hay,” a “woman husking rice,” Hindu temple near Rampur, et al.
The remaining photos include views taken in Rawalpindi where the 3rd battalion of the Rifle Brigade was stationed (Zhahzada Kothi house of General Boyce Combe, General Whitby’s house on the Murree Road, Mrs. Rich’s house on the Peshawar Road, “curious creation in a Rawalpindi garden put up by an eccentric Englishman,” the Club”, football field, bullock battery, a view “on the Pipe line near Dunga Gali, Murree Hills”). There are also two photos of “General Boyce Combe’s Camp at Delhi” during the Delhi Durbar, featuring Henry King-Salter and General’s daughter Miss Combe, and two photos taken in the Murree town, one showing Henry King-Salter at the crocket ground, the photos marked as “the last photos taken in India.” Five loosely inserted photos were apparently taken in Rawalpindi and include three group portraits of Pakistani guards (?) and two views signed by the Rawalpindi photo studio “Bali & Co,” one showing a public gathering, with most likely football players from the 3rd battalion of the Rifle Brigade. The album ends with 29 photos of England taken in 1904, including views of Worldham (Hampshire), Rochester, Chatham, Porth (Cornwall), and the “Shortlands” estate in Cullompton (Devon).
Overall a beautiful historically significant depiction of the Kashmir Valley by a talented female photographer.
Henry Peter King-Salter (1861-?) entered the service of the 3rd Battalion of the Rifle Brigade in 1881, and was gradually promoted, reaching the rank of Major in 1898. He was transferred to the 4th battalion stationed in Chatham in 1904 (Boyle, G.E. The Rifle Brigade Century: An Alphabetical List of the Officers of the Rifle Brigade… From 1800 to 1905. London, 1905, pp. 142-143).


[Album of 103 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Compiled by an British Officer in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards Cavalry Regiment During the Third Anglo-Afghan War].

1918-9. Oblong Octavo (16,5x22 cm). 12 grey thick album leaves with eight windows per leaf for inserted photographs. With 103 original mounted and inserted gelatin silver photographs, the majority ca. 5,5x8 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Images inserted in album leaf windows and mounted on paste downs. Most images captioned in manuscript in red ink. Original maroon cloth album, with gilt embossed title "Photographs" with pictorial border on front cover. One photograph removed and a signs of a couple of old tape marks, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
An interesting album documenting an officers life in the 1st King's Dragoon Guards during the Third Anglo-Afghan War, with images of military life at work and at rest, and many candid images of the people and places encountered. The album starts with a couple of portraits of the photographer and his bungalow in Meerut; Then there are images of Muttra (Peace celebrations, Dhobies, grass farm, wood-yard, group photos of British officers, bazaar, Jumna river scenes, cremation, drawing water, Indian village scenes, bullocks at work, Muttra church, bathing ghat, Bibbies (women), silver fox, A Squadron bungalow, mess tent, cleaning boys, bear dancing); Agra, Risalpur N.W. (Dopice railway bridge, Pontoon bridge, watering horses, Bibbies building, A & D Squadron, stables, water-tower, time-gun Pindi, Gharrie); Dakka (Horse line, River Kabul, camp, Cavalry Spur, Dhobies, Ghurdi, Afghans head; Sports (Battery R.H.A., wrestling on mules, best section turn out D. Squadron, winners D. Squadron)); Khyber Pass.
During the Third Anglo-Afghan War, "the regiment remained in garrison at Meerut until October 1918 when it exchanged stations with 21st (Empress of India's) Lancers and moved to Risalpur. On 2 May 1919 Afghan troops seized control of wells on the Indian side of the border. The Afghan Amir Amanullah was warned to withdraw, but his answer was to send more troops to reinforce those at the wells and to move other Afghan units to various points on the frontier. The regiment was mobilised on 6 May and formed part of the British Indian Army's 1st (Risalpur) Cavalry Brigade. It served throughout the Third Anglo-Afghan War and saw action at the Khyber Pass. At Dakka – a village in Afghan territory, north west of the Khyber Pass– on 16 May, the regiment made one of the last recorded charge by a British horsed cavalry regiment as it was already apparent the old world would be giving way to mechanisation" (Wikipedia).


37. [ASIA - TIBET]
[ANDRADE, Antonio de] (1580-1634)
Histoire de ce qui s’est passé au royaume du Tibet. Tirée des lettres escrites en l’année 1626. Adressée au R.P. Mutio Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Iesus. Traduicte d’Italien en François par un Pere de la mesme Companie [Account of the Events in the Kingdom of Tibet, from the letters written in 1626…]

Paris: Sébastien Cramoisy, 1629. First Edition. Small Octavo (17,5x11 cm). [2 – t.p.], [6], 104 pp. With a woodcut vignette on the title page, a woodcut headpiece and several woodcut initials in text. Later full vellum with a later red morocco gilt lettered title label on the spine, all edges gilt. Paper very mildly age toned, otherwise a near fine clean copy.
First French edition of an important letter by Portuguese Jesuit missionary Antonio de Andrade written in Tsaparang, on the 15th of August 1626, during his second journey to Tibet. Andrade was sent as a Portuguese envoy to the Jesuit mission in Goa and then to Agra. “Seeking Christian communities thought to thrive beyond the Himalayas, and also to gather information on Lamaism, he left Delhi in 1624 with Manuel Marques (a Portuguese lay-brother) <…> By negotiating the deep snows of the Mana Pass (= Mana Shankou) (July 1624), Andrade descended into the state of Guge at Tsaparang (… on the River Sutlej in Tibet) where he encountered his first Buddhists. After successfully convincing the local ruler to allow the teaching of Christianity, Andrade returned to Agra. Immediately on reaching Agra, Andrade despatched a letter to his superiors, relating his journey and experiences in Tibet. This was published in Lisbon in 1626 by the press of Matteo Pinheiro under the title “Novo descobrimento do gram Cathayo, ou reinos de Tibet.” Accepting an invitation to return to Tibet, Andrade arrived back in the country in 1625 along with other Jesuits, and consecrated a church at Tsaparang on Easter Sunday 1626. Andrade made a third journey in 1627, but in 1629 was recalled to Goa to fulfil his appointment as superior for the Indies <…> In 1631 the mission of Tibet was abandoned when the lamas revolted at the growing influence of the Jesuits, provoking violent local reactions.” (Howgego, Encyclopedia of Exploration to 1800, A88).
The book was first published in Portuguese by Matteo Pinheiro (1627) and was translated into French (from the Italian edition of 1628) by Jesuit Jean Darde. It describes Andrade’s second voyage and the early days of the mission, talks about the kingdom of Tibet and nearby lands, and the opposition from the Lamas to the construction of the church and the development of the Jesuit mission. “Padre Andrade accepted the King’s offer to construct a Church and a residence for the Padres and work began on Easter day, April 12, 1626. Several houses near the palace were demolished to construct the buildings and a garden. The relationship between the Padres and royal family and the activities that took place in the palace and the Padres’ new residence in 1625 and 1626 are included in Padre Andrade’s long letter written on August 15, 1626 from Tibet. This second letter of Padre Andrade includes much more about Tibetan life, as well as the conflict between the lamas and the secular population friendly to Christianity” (Abdo, Joseph C. [Biography of] Padre Antonio de Andrade// http://win.ippolito-desideri.net/Andrade-en.html). Brunet, I, 265. Cordier, BS, 2901. Sommervogel, I, 331.


38. [ASIA - TIBET]
FILCHNER, Wilhelm (1877-1957)
[A Collection of Seven Original Ink Drawings (Three initialed "C.A.") Used as Illustrations in Wilhelm Filchner's Book "Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Ein Beitrag zu Seiner Geschichte" (The Monastery Kumbum in Tibet. A Contribution to its History), Berlin: Mittler & Sohn, 1906].

Ca. 1905. Seven ink drawings on thick paper ca. 27x23 cm (11x9 in) and slightly smaller. The original ink drawings are recently matted together with the corresponding printed text illustration leaves from the book. Housed in a custom made black cloth portfolio with a printed paper title page label and silk ties. One drawing with an expertly repaired corner chip, but overall the ink drawings are in very good condition.
This historically important collection of ink drawings show 1. A Tibetan Rosary (p.47); 2. Lama d Ge ss Long with yellow hat and cloak etc. (p.48); 3. A travelling lama (p.63); 4. Illustration of an Indian legend (p.85); 5. A prayer drum partially made with human skull parts (p. 103); 6. A water-powered prayer wheel (p.104); 7. Tibetan cairn with prayer flags on mountain top (p.128). The illustrations are supplemented with the matted title page and map of the monastery from the book. The preface states that the ink drawings were created by an artist under Filchner's direction based on photographs made by Filchner. The purpose of Filchner's 1903-5 "expedition to Tibet [was] to carry out geomagnetic and topographical surveys on the high plateau. In addition to its scientific work the expedition carried out a significant intelligence-gathering role and was contemporaneous with similar missions by Francis Younghusband and others"(Howgego, 1850-1940 Polar Regions etc., F6). "Kumbum Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in present day Qinghai, China. Kumbum was founded in 1583 in a narrow valley close to the village of Lusar in the Tibetan cultural region of Amdo. Its superior monastery is Drepung Monastery, immediately to the west of Lhasa. It was ranked in importance as second only to Lhasa" (Wikipedia).


CASPARI, Chrétien Edouard (1840-1918)
[Album of Ten Original Watercolour Views of Saigon and Environs].

1877-1878. Watercolour and ink on paper; six larger sketches, ca. 13x21 cm (5x8 in), and four smaller ones, ca. 10,5x14 cm (4 x 5 ½ in). All captioned and dated in ink in the lower margins of the images, with additional pencil captions or notes on the mounts. Period style maroon gilt tooled half morocco with cloth sides. Watercolours mounted laid paper leaves. Album overall in very good condition.
Beautiful sketches taken from life by a French colonial engineer, while serving in Indochina. The collection includes several interesting views of Saigon showing the La Sainte Enfance School, St. Joseph Seminary (‘Seminaire annamite’), the house of the director of the French arsenal, a horse-driven carriage or ‘Malabar’ et al. The watercolours include some nice portraits of the locals, including a sketch of a Chinese merchant followed by a servant carrying his goods, portraits of Vietnamese women with children, people driving oxen carts, villagers et al. There is also a great view of Dong Nai River near Bien Hoa city (32 km east from Saigon) – a peaceful picture of a river with two people paddling in a boat and several village houses amidst lush tropical greenery on shore. One sketch shows local plants – mango tree, bamboo and an Erythrina tree covered with bright red flowers.
Chrétien Édouard Caspari was a French hydrographer and astronomer. He graduated from École polytechnique in 1860, and in 1862-1902 he worked as a hydrographer and engineer in France, the Caribbean and French Indochina (the Gulf of Siam, Annam and Tonkin). Caspari was the author of an astronomy textbook for the Service Hydrographique de la Marine, and of numerous scientific papers, some relating to Indochina. He was awarded with the Prix Montijon of the French Academy of Sciences (1878), and in 1905 he became President of the Astronomical Society of France.


40. [ASIA]
PINTO, Fernão Mendes (ca.1509-1583)
The Voyages and Adventures of Ferdinand Mendez Pinto... During his Travels for the Space of one and Twenty Years in the Kingdoms of Ethiopia, China, Tartaria, Cauchin-china, Calaminham, Siam, Pegu, Japan, and a Great Part of the East-Indies..,

London: J. Macock, for Henry Herringhman, 1663. Second English Edition. Small Folio (ca. 30x20 cm). [xiv], 326 pp. Period brown gilt tooled mottled full calf with brown gilt tooled title label. Recased and with some restoration of lower corner of front cover, title with small piece of blank upper margin of title page repaired, rear paste-down and final blank with some minor worming, but overall a very good copy in original condition.
Pinto a Portuguese explorer whose "exploits are known through the posthumous publication of his memoir Pilgrimage (Portuguese: Peregrinação) in 1614.. In the course of his travels in the Middle and Far East, Pinto visited Ethiopia, the Arabian Sea, China (where he claimed to have been a forced laborer on the Great Wall), India and Japan. He claimed to have been among the first group of Europeans to visit Japan and initiate the Nanban trade period. He also claimed to have introduced the gun there in 1543. It is known that he funded the first Christian church in Japan, after befriending a Catholic missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus later known as St Francis Xavier"(Wikipedia); Upon returning to Portugal, Pinto wrote "his famous Peregrinacao, now regarded as one of the finest travel books of all time"(Howgego P99); "It is, moreover, a classic record of the experiences and observations of one of the earliest Europeans to penetrate into the interior of oriental countries, which, in that era, were practically unknown. He was the first European to enter Japan (in 1542), seven years before Saint Francis Xavier, the Apostle of the Indies"(Cox I, p. 324); "No work about Asia had greater impact on 17th century European literature than Pinto's account of his adventures in the East" (cf. Löwendahl 71, Second Spanish Edition); "This work first published in Lisbon in 1614, recounts the journey of Fernando Mendes Pinto, the Portuguese adventurer, trader, envoy, pirate, missionary and mercenary, who set out in 1537 in a fleet commanded by Vasco da Gama's son, to seek his fortune. His twenty-one year odyssey carried him through many adventures: he was thirteen times a captive and sold into slavery seventeen times; he survived shipwrecks, and travelled, fought and traded in China, Tibet, Tartary, Pegu, India, Thailand, Ethiopia, Ormuz and points in between. He reached Japan in 1542 and claims to have been in the first party of Europeans to land there. This is probably the first book in European literature to tell of pirate battles on the seas of the Orient, to describe the wild beasts of the equatorial forests of Asia and to portray the Dalai Lama" (Sothebys); Cordier Japonica 40; Cordier Indosinica 113; Cordier Sinica 2069; Lust 346 (English first edition); Wing M1706.


DU BOUZET, Marquis Joseph Fidèle Eugène (1805-1867)
[Historically Important Archive of Sixty-Two Autograph Letters Signed by Marquis Du Bouzet to his Mother, Written While on Service in the French Navy in the Mediterranean and Describing the Events of the Greek War of Independence Including the Battle of Navarino (1827), the Morea Expedition (1828-1831), the Mediation of Turkey-Greece Negotiations, a Meeting with Egyptian Commander Pasha Ibrahim, and others; With Mentions of the Circumnavigation on the Frigate “Thétis” in 1824-26 under Command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville, which Du Bouzet Took Part in].

1826-1831. Toulon, Brest, Paris, Smyrna [Izmir], Milos, Navarino [Pylos], Alexandria, Aegina, Candia [Heraklion], and Nauplia [Nafplio], 23 June 1826 – 28 March 1831. Sixty-two ALS, ranging from ca. 16x10,5 cm (6 ½ x 4 ¼ in) to ca. 25,5x20 cm (10x8 in). Brown ink on white laid or wove paper, each letter two to six pages, in all over 200 pages of text; over thirty letters are addressed on verso of the second leaf, most of them additionally with postal stamps and remnants of the original seal. With a 20th century typescript with du Bouzet’s biography and his family genealogy (3 loose leaves), and a recent handwritten list of letters (three leaves). Letters housed in a 20th century maroon quarter cloth folder with marbled papered boards and maroon full cloth slipcase with gilt lettered title on the spine. Original fold marks, several letters with minor tears on extremities or minor holes after opening, a few letters with mildly faded ink, but overall a very good collection.
Very interesting historically important archive of letters written by a notable French naval officer, explorer and an important figure in the history of French Oceania Marquis Joseph Fidèle Eugène du Bouzet, with an eye-witness account of several major events of the Greek War of Independence (1821-32). The letters were written by du Bouzet in his twenties, as a young naval cadet and later enseigne de vaisseau (since October 29, 1826) serving on several ships of the French Mediterranean fleet (the letters mention brigs Loiret and la Flèche, and frigate la Bellone); the letters were addressed to his mother Marie Marguerite De Chazot. The first six letters were actually written in Brest right after du Bouzet’s return from the circumnavigation on board the frigate “Thétis” in 1824-26 under command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville, with the first excited letter dated “23 June 1826, Brest” being written on the day of the arrival from Rio de Janeiro; there are some interesting notes there on the last leg of the expedition.
The letters from the Mediterranean give interesting accounts of the unfolding events of the Greek War of Independence (1821-1832) during the early years of French involvement in the conflict - before and after the Navarino Battle (October 20, 1827). A letter from Smyrna, dated August 27, 1827 describes the Ottoman fleet heading to Morea (Peloponnese Peninsula): “We are looking for our Admiral to announce the departure of the Turkish fleet. […] It is made up of 85 sails and is headed to Morea but I believe that the intervention of the European powers in Greece’s affairs will foil its plans” (here and further in translation). In another letter on December 12, 1827 from Milos, he describes the situation in Aegina, the seat of the revolutionary Greek government: “I am arriving today from Aegina, where I had the opportunity to see the administrative center of the Greek government established until this point on very fragile foundations; by travelling through the current state of Greece, you can see the sad effects of the revolution, and how many tragic events occurred before it was able to establish a stable and content regime […] we traversed an entirely deserted country […] everything showing traces of devastation; houses entirely torn down, burnt forests, open graves, we had been warned that the Turkish army had come through this area and scared off all the inhabitants.”
In a letter from December 29, 1827 du Bouzet recounts a meeting with the Ibrahim Pasha (commander of the Ottoman Empire’s Egyptian forces who invaded Morea in 1825-28).: “I have been to Modon [Methoni] and Navarino and I did not have the chance to participate in the glorious exploits of our navy in the latter port; I at least had the consolation of seeing its Theatre as well as the remains of the Turkish fleet; I also had the consolation of seeing the famous Ibrahim Pasha to whom our captain was kind enough to introduce us. The devastator of Morea, the right hand to the king, is a man quite superior to all the other grand defenders (?) of Turkey, without however having transcending virtues. […] he has unfortunately not received any education; brave to the point of intrepidity, with a fiery temper, he has committed […] acts with a seal of ferocity, for which he has often had to repent himself because his immoderate self-esteem makes him fear reproach from civilized nations. […] Our captain has had several meetings with him and in the one that I assisted to […] the questions and objections that he presented were always very fair and showed in him knowledge and a mind that is missing only some cultivation.”
After a short time back in France, in August 1828 du Bouzet announces his departure for the Morea Expedition (a land intervention of the French Army in the Peloponnese in 1828-33): “I announced to you in my last letter dear mother that I was to embark on the frigate “Bellone”, ordered by Mr. de St. Picot […]. But today I announce that I have already embarked since yesterday and that I leave tomorrow with the expedition to Morea. […] I don’t really know what we will do in Morea, for eight days we have been working day and night, the troops are embarking as soon as they arrive […] I assure you that I will be happy to leave and finish it as quickly as possible, for we have three hundred infantries on board and around twenty officers…” In his next letter, he adds: “Until now it appears that we will follow the operations of the military, that will chase Pasha Ibrahim from Morea with force if he will not respond to anything else. The army will start towards Navarino in two days, the Egyptian fleet has already arrived to take Ibrahim and his troops but since he is not in a hurry we want to show him that we have bayonets and convoys to execute our will […]. Since our arrival, the Greeks […] celebrate and call us their liberators and are happy like gods. Some ambassadors […] are going to openly recognize and inaugurate the Greek government, Greece will therefore exist definitively as an independent state and all that is missing for this beautiful republic is citizens to populate its territory, now half deserted.” On October 26, 1828, he describes the departure of Egyptians from Alexandria: “All the Egyptians have evacuated Morea and every day troops and Muslim inhabitants pass through as they leave the country, and what is surprising is that most of the Greek women who were enslaved by the Turkish have preferred to follow them to Egypt rather than stay […]. They were given the freedom to choose, and they chose this option, either because they preferred the Turkish or because they feared the hatred and eventual mistreatment by their compatriots.”
In the final years of the Morea Expedition, the French attempted to moderate Greek-Ottoman negotiations of sovereignty, and advanced towards Ottoman strongholds. On June 11, 1830 du Bouzet writes from Candia (Heraklion) about the difficulties of the negotiation between two violent camps: “We have tried in vain to establish an armistice between the Greeks and the Turks on this island, they have been fighting an extermination war for a long time; it is one half of the population armed against the other over the rights to the land […] and in all this the victims are the poor civilians. We had almost established an accord between the belligerent parties when at the exact moment when we were going to sign the armistice a violation of all the conventions on behalf of the Greeks came to break all the negotiations.” Du Bouzet’s last few letters are written in August 1830 from Nafplio, which was a major Ottoman stronghold throughout the conflict: “The Turkish, who viewed this city as unattainable are starting to open their eyes to their state of weakness […] and the advantage of our institutions over theirs […] we have been in charge of watching and hurrying along the evacuation of the island, and preventing the Turkish from bringing slaves with them…” Overall, an important original fact-rich eye-witness account of the Greek War of Independence.
Marquis Eugène du Bouzet was a prominent French naval officer, explorer and colonial administrator; he took part in two circumnavigations - the 1824-26 expedition of “Thétis” and “Espérance” under command of Hyacinthe de Bougainville; and Jules Dumont-Durville’s expedition on “Astrolabe” and “Zélée” in 1838-40. Do Bouzet was the second in command on the “Zélée” and was in the first boat which landed on the newly discovered Adelie Land (Antarctica). For over ten years he served in the South Pacific on several occasions: in 1841-43 as the captain of the “Allier” and later “Aube,” visiting New Zealand and Tahiti, and solving diplomatic issues on the Wallis and Futuna Islands; in 1847-49 as the captain of corvette “Brillante” he protected French missionaries in New Caledonia, New Hebrides, Tonga, Samoa, Tahiti and the Marquesas. In 1854-58 he was the Governor of French Polynesia and the commander of the Naval subdivision, making a great input in the development of Noumea (New Caledonia). In the rank of Rear Admiral he returned to France and later commanded French naval forces in Algeria and Brazil.
The Greek War of Independence (1821-32) “involved the rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire. After a second civil war (1824), the new government and the entire revolution were threatened by the arrival of Egyptian forces, led by Ibrāhīm Pasha, which had been sent to aid the Turks (1825). The Greek guerrilla bands harassed his army, and in revenge he desolated the country and sent thousands of the inhabitants into slavery in Egypt” (Wikipedia). “Favouring the formation of an autonomous Greek state, European powers offered to mediate between the Turks and the Greeks (1826 and 1827). When the Turks refused, Great Britain, France, and Russia sent their naval fleets to Navarino, where, on Oct. 20, 1827, they destroyed the Egyptian fleet. Although this severely crippled the Ottoman forces, the war continued, complicated by the Russo-Turkish War (1828-29)” (Encyclopedia Britannica). “In August 1828, a French expeditionary corps (The Morea Expedition) disembarked at Koroni in the southern Peloponnese. The soldiers were stationed on the peninsula until the evacuation of Egyptian troops in October, then taking control of the principal strongholds still held by Turkish troops” (Wikipedia). “A Greco-Turkish settlement was finally determined by the European powers at a conference in London; they adopted a London protocol (Feb. 3, 1830), declaring Greece an independent monarchical state under their protection.” (Encyclopedia Britannica).


CUCCIONI, Tommaso (ca. 1790-1864)
[Album of Fifteen Early Large Original Albumen Photographs by Tommaso Cuccioni Showing the Monuments and Architecture of Rome].

Ca. 1859. Oblong Folio ca. 34x46 cm (13 ¼ x 18 in) with fifteen large original albumen photographs each ca. 22,5x31,5 cm (8 ¾ x 12 ¼ in) mounted recto one per page on beige album leaves, each captioned in period manuscript pencil. Period red quarter sheep with red pebbled cloth boards with gilt title “Rome”, with marbled endpapers and blind stamp “Fotografia Cuccioni Roma via Condotti 10” on each leaf. Mild wear at album extremities and spine, and some dust staining on covers, front hinge with a crack at bottom of spine, but overall an album with large strong and sharp photographs.
This album contains fifteen large photographs of important historical monuments and architectural sights in Rome, produced by Tommaso Cuccioni (ca. 1790-1864) an early Italian photographer who held a studio on Condotti Street in Rome. Photographs included: Le Tibre, Fort St. Ange ; Fort St. Ange ; Le Capitole ; Cour du Capitole ; Le Forum ; Ruines du Palais des Césars ; Le Colysée ; Intérieur du Colysée ; Forum de Trajan ; Temple de Vessa ; Vieux Théâtre de Marcellus ; Fontaine de Trévi ; Château d’eau ; Statue de Moïse par Michel Ange, Eglise de St Pierre aux Liens ; Eglise de St Pierre (Cortège du Pape).
“Beginning in 1852 Cuccioni became a photographer and specialized in large format views of Rome's ancient monuments. In 1859 Cuccioni exhibited for the first time at the Société Français de Photographie in Paris with his mammoth images, and received critical acclaim. The manufacture of mammoth images was very expensive to produce, and only the wealthy on their Grand Tour could afford them. Today only a few examples can be found in public and private collections. Cuccioni's albumen prints are seldom available on the art market.” (Bonhams) “Of the slow, but inexorable, passage from engraving to photography, [Cuccioni] can be considered an emblematic character.” (Translated from Treccani).


[BUCHAN-HEPBURN OF SMEATON, Sir Archibald Banister] (1852-1929)
[Album with Nine Original Watercolours, and Sixty-four Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Made on a Mountaineering Trip to Montenegro and Albania, with Interesting Views of the Komovi Mountains of the Dinaric Alps (Andrijevica Village, Kucki Kom Peak, Tara River), Durmitor Mountain Range, Podgorica, Kolasin, Niksic, Zabljak, Cetinje; Lake Skatar, Kir River and Shkodër City in Albania, and Others; With: Seven Watercolour Views of Rural France at Rear].

1908. Large Oblong Folio ca. 37,5x47,5 cm (14 ¾ x 18 ¾ in) with 20 stiff black card leaves. Sixteen mounted watercolours of various size, from ca. 25x35,5 cm (10x14 in) to ca. 10,5x19 cm (4 ¼ x 7 ¼ in). 64 mounted gelatin silver prints, including one large image ca. 29x40 cm (11 ½ x 16 in), the rest are ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. Most images captioned and some dated in manuscript white ink on the mounts. Inscription on verso of the front free endpaper: “Albania, Montenegro, France.” Period black full morocco with a printed name of the binder on top of the front pastedown endpaper “W. & J. Milne” (Edinburgh). Album mildly rubbed at extremities and spine, with faint scratches on the boards, four watercolours apparently previously removed, but overall a very good album with strong photographs and vibrant watercolours.
Interesting album with large original photos and watercolours from a mountaineering trip to northern Montenegro and Albania in 1908. The album is from the estate of Buchan-Hepburn baronets, and the photos and watercolours were most likely created by Sir Archibald Buchan-Hepburn, a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh since 1894 and its president in 1912-1913. The majority of images (about fifty, including four large watercolours) depict the trip to the Komovi Range of the Dinaric Alps in northern Montenegro, showing Podgorica village, landscapes on the route to Andrijevica and the village itself, local guides, mountain hamlets, Kucki Kom Peak (2487 m.), Tara River, Kolasin village and its inhabitants, the traverse over the mountains from Kolasin to Niksic and thence to Zabljak (showing local pilgrims and a shepherdess with her flock), a street in Zabljak and a distant view of the Durmitor Mountain Range (with a note “7818 ft.”); several photos also show Montenegrin towns of Kotor and Cetinje. Very interesting is a large panorama of the Albanian town of Shkodër on the shore of Lake Skatar with the old bridge over the Bojana River in the foreground. There are also eight smaller street views of Shkodër and five stunning watercolours of the city and nearby Kir River. The album concludes with seven uncaptioned watercolours that likely depict a small town in France, showing people in the streets, butcher produce on an outdoor stand, and a woman washing clothes. Overall, a very interesting album of sharp photographs and attractive watercolours of Montenegro, Albania and France.
Photographs: Cattaro; Road from Cattaro to Cetingue; Near Cetingue; Native of Cetingue; Cetingue March 1908; Road from Cetingue to Arenetsa [?]; Lake Scutari. Lesendra near Virpazar; Lake Scutari; Near Arenetsa [?]; Lake Scutari; Scutari, Albania; Scutari; On the way from Podgarica to Andrijevica, Three days ride, March 1908; Podgarica to Andrijevica; High country near Andrijevica (5000 ft.); Andrijevica; Drizha river; Beech forest; Kucki Kom; Kolasin; Kolasin to Nicsick; Niksick to Sabjak; Sabjak near Dormitor; Dormitor 7818 ft; Skutari.
Watercolours: River Kir outside Scutari; Scutari; Outside Scutari Kir. R.; Near Scutari Kir. R.; Near Scutari; Podgarica, Montenegro; Kirch. Near Andrijevica; Kucki Kom from Kirch, April 1908; Tara River.


MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].

Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
5) On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”


[Album with 112 Gelatin Silver Photographs of a British Desert Campaign at Egypt’s Western Frontier in 1915 (Pre-Formation of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Assembled by General Archibald Murray), Showing the Life of Soldiers in Camps and During Marches, Native Villages and People, and Views in Mersa Matruh, Gezireh, Cairo, Abbassia and Alexandria.]

1915. Oblong Folio album ca. 21x33 cm (8 ¼ x 13 in) with 112 original black and white and sepia gelatin silver photographs mounted loosely in windows on recto and verso of 10 green stiff card leaves (album has 25 leaves total), all but 4 captioned and two dated in period manuscript ink on the leaves. Period green gilt tooled half sheep with green cloth boards and moiré endpapers. Very mild wear at album corners and head and foot of spine, one minor scrape at foot of spine, some images mildly faded and ca. 16 photographs with mild foxing, but overall a very good album with strong, sharp photographs.
This album with 112 original photographs shows military activities, villages, and local people during a 1915 British desert campaign in Egypt, likely the Western Frontier Force (part of the Force in Egypt). “The Western Frontier Force was formed on 20 November 1915 under Major-General Alexander Wallace, C.B and concentrated at Mersa Matruh, beginning operations against the Senussi in late 1915. The Force in Egypt, along with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, became part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) on 10 March 1916 under General Archibald Murray, who appears in two of the photographs, inspecting the South African troops on horseback. The album also contains interesting photographs of the “Soudanese Camel Corps” and “the Dorset Yeomanry in the Desert near Cairo,” who were deployed to Egypt in 1915, then participated in the Dardanelles campaign” (Wikipedia). Two photographs show the aftermath of a battle at Um Rakkum, including the “red cross wagons bringing in the wounded.” There are numerous photographs of life in soldiers’ barracks and camps, including one photo taken on Christmas morning 1915. Also included are numerous photographs of native people and villages, with a series of images showing native fishermen, and the portrait of a native “water seller.” Additionally, 10 views at the beginning of the album show the soldiers before their arrival in Egypt, in Kings Lynn and Rusham (UK) and Valetta Harbour (Malta). A very interesting album with strong photographs showing military activity, the life of British soldiers, and Indigenous people in Egypt during the First World War.
Photographs include: Abbassia Barracks Cairo; The Officers Mess at Gezireh; The Citadel Hospital at Cairo; a photo of named soldiers on Horseback at the Pyramid of Cheops (Sergeant Hobbs, Corporal Hawkins, Sergeant Hansford, Sergeant Cox, and Private Makin); Kasr El Nil Barracks Cairo; Native Fisherman and fishing techniques; The Sultan of Egypt going to Prayer; Army Camp at Chat near Alexandria; Exercising Horses at Abbassia; The Camel Corp Abbassia; Gun emplacement at Abbassia; Soldiers in the Morattam Hills; Mena Camp near Cairo; Watering the Horses at an Oasis; Trekking in the Desert; on trek on the Khedivial Road on the Western front of Egypt; Matruh Camp; The Soudanese Camel Corps; The First Casualty at Um Rakkum; Red Cross Wagons bringing in the Wounded at Un Rakkum December 13th 1915; Digging in at Um Rakkum; Hospital Ship at Matruh; Landing Horses at Matruh; camp at Matruh 1915; Sikhs washing at Alexandria; Caves at Matruh; Troops relaxing on Christmas Day 1915 at Matruh; The Departure of a Column from Matruh Camp; South African Scottish troops in Egypt; South African Scottish with Springbok Mascot and Pipers; A Brigade of South Africans on Parade; General Archibald Murray and Staff inspecting South Africans Sidi Bishr Alexandria; Soldiers after being fumigated; Changing camp at Sidi Bashr; Gibraltar; The Troop Ship HMAT Orsava; The Troop Ship HMAT Lake Michigan; The Cook House at Matruh.


ABDULLAH FRÈRES (active ca. 1858-1899)
[Album with Thirty Early Original Carte-de-Visite Albumen Portrait Photographs of Turkish and Egyptian Government and Religious Leaders, Merchants, Soldiers, Women, Greek Brigand and a Priest, et al., by Abdullah Frères, the Official Photographers of the Ottoman Imperial Court; Titled:] Turkey, Egypt, Greece, 1864-65.

1864-65. Duodecimo album, ca. 15x11,5 cm (6 x 4 ½ in) with 15 stiff card leaves. Thirty original carte-de-visite albumen photographs mounted in windows within gilt stamped frames, five hand coloured. Each with period manuscript captions in English in brown ink on the mounts; three with visible printed names of the studio “Abdullah Frères” on the lower margins of the photographs. Period ink inscription on verso of the first fly leaf: “Turkey. Egypt. Greece. 1864-5.” Period maroon full morocco album with elaborate blind stamped ornaments and two ornate brass clasps; moiré endpapers. Spine rubbed and weak on hinges, with a chip at head, one photograph with mild foxing, a couple mildly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of very early albumen carte-de-visite portrait photographs taken by the most famous photographic studio of the Ottoman Empire, the Abdullah brothers. The photos relate to the early years of their artistic career (the first photographs under the “Abdullah Frères” name were produced in 1858); and just a couple of years after they had been named the official photographers of the Ottoman Imperial court (1862). The album opens with portraits of Yessayi IV Garabedian (the Armenian patriarch of Jerusalem in 1864-85), and Ottoman Sultan Abdul Aziz (reigned in 1861-76), the latter being most likely the portrait which brought the studio the title of the Ottoman court photographers. Other portraits show Mehmed Fuad Pasha (Ottoman Grand Vizier on two occasions between 1861 and 1866), Emir Abdelkader (the leader of the Algerian independence movement in the 1830s), Ali Pasha of Ioannina (photo taken from a painted portrait of the ruler of the Ottoman Empire’s European territories in 1788-1822), as well as Turkish noblemen, women, soldiers, Coptic and Arabic women from Cairo, “Consul’s dragoman,” a Greek priest from Sinai, Abyssinian slave, Algerian guard of Emir Abdelkader, a Greek brigand and his wife, and others. Overall, a nice collection of early carte-de-visite portraits by the Abdullah Frères.
Captions: The Armenian Patriarch, Jerusalem; Abdul Aziz, Sultan of Turkey; Fuad Pasha Grand Vizier; Abd-el-Kader; Ali Pasha of Janina; A Turk; Turkish Gentleman; Constantinople Lady (2 different portraits); Turkish Soldiers; Caireen Kopt; Caireen Woman (2 different portraits); Egyptian Lady; Caireen Copt; Egyptian Merchant; Caireen; Consul’s Dragoman; The Sheikh of the Pyramids; Greek Priest of Sinai; Baggage camels; Abyssinian slave; Egyptian smoking; Egyptian woman carrying her baby; Algerian soldiers, Abd-el-Kader’s guard; A Greek brigand; His wife; Greek Dandy (2 different portraits); Smyrniote highlander, amateur brigand.
“Abdullah Frères, three Ottoman Armenian brothers Vichen (1820-1902), Hovsep (1830-1908) and Kevork Abdullah (1839-1918) who ran a profitable studio in Constantinople with other locations in Cairo and Izmir. In 1862 the three brothers were named official royal photographers to the courts of the Sultans Abdul Aziz and Abdul Hamid II, and had the right to use the royal monogram. While official royal photographers to the Sultans they were commissioned to document the Ottoman Empire in photographs. The work appears to have been conceived by the sultan as a portrait of his empire for the 1893 World Columbian Exposition, but was not exhibited there. It dwells on the accomplishments and westernizing improvements of the regime, such as the well drilled and equipped military, the technologically advanced lifesaving and fire fighting brigades, customs bureaucracy, and life at the lavish Imperial court.” (Armenian Photography Foundation).


[Album with 120 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs Showing Officers and Soldiers of the 23rd and 24th Battalions of the Australian Army on a Voyage to Egypt and Thence to Gallipoli on board HMAT “Euripides” in May 1915, Going through the Suez Canal and Disembarking in Alexandria; Also with Portraits of the Captain and Crew Members of the “Euripides”].

1915. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23x29 cm). Twenty-four green card stock leaves. 120 mounted gelatin silver prints, from ca. 5x12 cm (2 x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 7,5x10 cm (2 ¾ x 3 ¾ in). All images with white pencil captions on the mounts. Original grey full cloth album with gilt lettered title “Photographs” on the front cover. Binding mildly rubbed on extremities, corners slightly bumped, a few images with mild silvering, but overall a very good album with bright sharp photos.
Historically interesting album with a detailed visual account of the transportation of the 23rd and 24th battalions of the Australian Army from Sydney to Alexandria in May-June 1915 on board His Majesty’s Australian Transport A14 “Euripides”. The album was compiled by a crew member and opens with a photo of the ship in Farm Cove, Sydney. There are four more views of Sydney harbor, and several photos taken in Melbourne (SS “Palermo” at the town pier, two views of the troops’ embarkation, “Euripides” leaving pier, and two views of the soldiers at the poop).
Over forty images taken on board HMAT “Euripides” include portraits of the officers and soldiers of the Australian Army: first commander of the 23rd battalion Lt. Colonel George Frederick Morton, Captain Macrae Stewart (Chaplain), Major Knox, Lieuts. Main and Hain; group portraits of the officers (23rd and 24th battalions), buglers (23rd battalion), machine gun squad (23rd battalion), sergeants; soldiers on the # 3 troop deck, in “No. 1. Hospital Poop”, during a “signaling lecture”, playing cards, chess or tug of war, boxing, training bayonet fighting and singlesticks; musicians of “the scratch band”, “pay day, 24th Battn.”, horses in stables on board, “The Band. 24th Battn.”, “Pipers & Drums, 23rd Battalion”, “Machine guns mounted for Canal”, “24th Band practice”; there are also portraits of the ship’s Captain Douglas, officers, engineers, a mate, a radio operator in the “Marconi room”, and sailors loading a gun on the deck.
Over forty images show the ship in Egypt: going through the Suez Canal (SS “Ulisses”, Red Cross SS Syria“, Canal entrance, “Highland Monarch”, views of the banks, entrance to Bitter Lakes, stations, French cruiser at Ismailia, El Kintara), in Port Said (HMAT “Euripides” in the port, native boats, Canal Offices, bumboats, De Lesseps monument) and Alexandria (six photos of the troops disembarking and loading to the trains; children on the Alexandria streets, water carrier, old irrigation well, and others). There are also images of the Colombo harbour, Malta (harbour, HMS “Albion”, troopship “Marquet”, French cruiser), Gibraltar and “disembarking convalescents” at Plymouth (“Euripides” arrived there in the end of June 1915). Overall an important album showing Australia’s contribution to the European theatre of the Great War.
“The 23rd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army. <…> [It was] raised in Victoria in March 1915 as part of the formation of the 2nd Division of the Australian Imperial Force(AIF). Its first commanding officer was Lieutenant Colonel George Morton. Together with the 21st, 22nd and 24th Battalions, it formed the 6th Brigade under the command of Colonel Richard Linton. Organized into four rifle companies, designated 'A' through to 'D', with a machine gun section in support, the Australian infantry battalion of the time had an authorized strength of 1,023 men of all ranks. After completing initial training at Broad meadows, in May 1915 the 23rd embarked upon the troopship Euripides bound for Egypt. They arrived in Alexandria on 11 June and after being moved by train to Cairo they marched to a camp at Heliopolis where they undertook further training in preparation for deployment to Gallipoli, where the units of the1st Division had landed on 25 April 1915” (Wikipedia).


STOCKWELL, Raymond A. (1904-1942)
[Album of Forty-five Original Large Gelatin Silver Aerial Photographs of Hawaii Taken by American Air force Planes].

Ca. 1925. Oblong Folio (25,5x33,5 cm). 21 grey album leaves. With 45 mounted original glossy large gelatin silver photographs ca. 17,5x23 cm (7x9 in), including two slightly smaller and one slightly large. Most photographs captioned in negative on photographs. Period maroon faux snake skin album with gilt title "photographs" embossed on front cover. Extremities with some wear, a couple of album leaves with edge wear, but overall a very good album of interesting strong photographs.
The interesting large aerial photographs in this album include: Aloha Tower, Honolulu; Downtown (harbor & business section) Honolulu (3); The Malolo entering Honolulu harbor; Honolulu harbor; Luke Field, Oahu (2); Sunset on the Waianaes; Schooner Vigigante off Oahu; Lava Lake in fire pit Kilauea volcano; Kilauea crater and fire pit; Haleakala crater, Maui; Cones in Haleakala crater; Mokuaweoweo crater; North coast of Hawaii; Royal Hawaiian Hotel, Waikiki (2); Kawaiaho Church, Honolulu; Capital Building, Former Iolani Palace Honolulu; Rodgers Airport; Mormon Temple; Captain Cooks Monuments Kealakekua Bay; Rainbow Falls; City of Refuge near Honolulu; Rice harvesting; War Memorial Natatorium; Waimea Canyon, Kauai; Nuuanu Pali Road, including other photos of group of natives with bows; U.S.A.T. Thomas in Verdi Island Passage; U.S.A.T. Somme; U.S.A.T. Chateau Thierry in Gatun Lake, C.Z. (2); U.S.A.T. Grant (2); Airborne aircraft (8), etc.
This photo album is from the estate of Raymond A. Stockwell who served in the Army Air Corps in the 86th Observation Squadron. Stockwell attained the rank of 1st Lt. But was killed along with two fellow crewmen in a crash of a twin-engine Beechcraft F-2 Plane after it crashed head-on into Pilot Rock near Ashland, Oregon killing all aboard on January 6th, 1942.


ROSE, George (1861-1942)
[Collection of Thirty-Six Albumen Stereoviews Showing New Zealand Landscapes, Titled:] Souvenir of the New Zealand International Exhibition / Gems of New Zealand Scenery / The Kapai Series.

1906. 36 pairs of albumen stereo views, each ca. 8,5x15 cm (3 3/8 x 5 7/8 in), mounted on original brown stiff cards. Each numbered, with photographer’s copyright and English caption in negative under each photograph, with “Copyright” blind stamp on each view, some with printed descriptions on verso. Housed in original publisher's black papered box ca. 6,5x18,5x10 cm (2 ½ x 7 ¼ x 4 in) with printed title and studio label on lid. Box with some wear at extremities, but overall a very good collection of stereoviews.
This collection of 36 albumen stereoviews shows excellent views of iconic New Zealand landscapes, many showing travelers and mountaineers, that were compiled for the New Zealand International Exhibition. Three interesting photographs show a horse carriage travelling along the side of the cliffs near Buller’s Gorge, “illustrating the difficulties of road construction in this district.” “After the Scenery Preservation Act 1903 was passed, the upper and lower Buller gorges were two of the first areas to be designated scenic reserves. The Buller River is regarded as one of the outstanding wild rivers in New Zealand, and since 2001 has been protected by a water conservation order that bans changes to its natural quality, and to the level and flow of the river and many of its tributaries” (Te Ara). Four views were taken along the Milford Overland Track, which was used by the native Māori people for gathering and transporting valuable greenstone, became a tourist route in the late 19th century, and was purchased by the government in 1901 (Wikipedia), including McKinnon’s Pass (discovered in 1888), Lake Te Anu and the Clinton river. There are six views of Milford Sound and five views of mountaineering and glaciers in Mt Cook district (first ascent in 1894). Also interesting is a photograph of “Sophia’s Whare, Wairoa, destroyed in Tarawera eruption of 1886, with a local guide in front.” Additionally, there are two views of the Lennox falls and Rees valley, two views of the Pipiriki cascades, and two views of Queenstown next to Lake Wakatipu. Other photographs show geysers and coastal views. Overall, an excellent collection of strong interesting views of New Zealand.
“The New Zealand International Exhibition (the biggest in the country to that time) opened 1 November 1906 in Hagley Park, Christchurch, New Zealand. Nearly two million people visited the exhibition during the next few months. A branch railway line was built across North Hagley Park to service the exhibition. The attractions included New Zealand’s first professional symphony orchestra(conducted by Alfred Hill), and the first Dominion pipe band contest which was won by the Dunedin Highland Pipe Band. The exhibition closed on 15 April 1907 and the remaining buildings had been removed by the end of August 1907.” (Wikipedia)
“As a teenager, George Rose worked in his father's shoe store in a Melbourne suburb while he studied photography. In 1880 at the age of 19, he founded the Rose Stereograph Company. During his career, he is said to have taken about 9,000 stereographs in at least 38 countries as well as Australia. Besides the main office in Melbourne, Rose Great War stereoviews listed offices in Sydney, New South Wales; Wellington, New Zealand; and London.” (Great War in 3D)


CORONELLI, Vincenzo Maria (1650-1718)
[Copper Engraved Map of the Pacific Ocean, Titled:] Mare del Sud, detto altrimenti Mare Pacifico [The South Sea, Otherwise Called the Pacific Sea].

Venice, ca. 1691. Double-page uncoloured copper engraved map ca. 45x60,5 cm (17 ¾ x 23 ¾ in) with an elaborate engraved title cartouche on the right upper corner. Original centrefold with very mild browning at fold, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
Beautiful map of the Pacific Ocean from Vincenzo Coronelli’s “Atlante Veneto” (Venice, 1691-96; second edition – 1695-97), showing California as an Island, the west coast of New Zealand, part of the north coast of Australia and the south coast of Tasmania. The map “of the Pacific Ocean depicts the route of Jacob Le Maire and Willem Cornelisz Schouten through the Pacific in 1615-17. This was one of the more crucial voyages as it proved by sailing around Cape Horn that Tierra del Fuego was an island and not part of the southern continent. Legends refer to voyages of the Dutch to Terra de Iesso in 1643, Australia in 1642, and unlike the Planisfero Coronelli dates the discovery of Nuova Zelanda to 1654. In a further legend just south of the equator Coronelli states that the Spanish crossed the central Pacific from New Mexico to the Philippines in sixty days. In North America only the west coast is featured in any detail, this is drawn from Coronelli’s earlier globe gores of 1688, themselves derived from the glorious 490-centimetre manuscript globe constructed for Louis XIV in 1683. California is illustrated in the Foxe form and bears slightly less nomenclature than Coronelli’s two sheet America Settentrionale, 1688. One further notable difference is that this map is intended to represent the sea and as such no terrestrial detail is given beyond a basic outline of political borders. A beautiful shell motif title cartouche adorns the map. A second edition of the Atlante Veneto appeared in 1695-97. Only one state is known although a plate crack did develop in the lower right margin above Tierra del Fuego” (Burden 680).
“This splendid map of the Pacific Ocean shows most of the coastlines of the Americas and the partially-known islands off the eastern coast of Asia. California is presented as a large island in the Foxe form. Isola del Giapone (Japan) is shown only 50 degrees from the California coast with the imaginary island of Terra de Iesso depicted as a large landmass between Asia and North America. A portion of the coastline of New Zealand is shown with the discoveries of Able Tasman, and hinting that it may be part of the great southern continent. A little of Tasmania appears as Terra d'Antonio Diemens and a partial coastline of Australia is shown blending into New Guinea. <…> The map is adorned with a cartouche featuring aquatic putti surrounding a large shell filled with pearls and coral. The map is dedicated to Cavalier Giulio Giustinian with the arms of the Holy Roman Empire” (Old World Auctions).
Tooley, California 58; Wagner 436; Tooley, Australia 350 ; McLaughlin & Mayo 104.



AWAGIMARU, Hata (1764-1808)
[Extensively Illustrated Manuscript Titled:] Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)].

Ca. 1860. Oblong Folio (ca. 26,5x38 cm). 48 leaves. With thirty-seven vivid attractive ink and watercolour illustrations of the Ainu and their way of life and eleven pages of Japanese text in black ink, all on thin Japanese paper. Later beige patterned flexible card boards with brown cloth spine. With a centrefold and some minor edge wear of manuscript but overall the manuscript is in very good condition.
This is a late Edo/ early Meiji period A-version (expanded and updated) copy of Hata Awagimaru's Ezo-tö Kikan [Strange Sights on the Island of Ezo (Hokkaido)], which is the earliest work on the ethnology of the Ainu and was originally written in Kansei 12 [1800]. The manuscript starts with a description of the history of the Japanese feudal expansion into and then colonization of Hokkaido by the Matsumae clan. This clan was granted the settlement of Matsumae at the southern end of the Oshima Peninsula and was also given exclusive trading rights with the Ainu. Additionally the Matsumae clan had the role of Japan's northern border defenders and thus were the first Japanese to make contact with Russian traders in the eighteenth century. One of the first illustrations in this attractively illustrated manuscript is a strong watercolour portrait of the Kunashiri Ainu Chief "Ikorikayani," armed with his bow and sword. Next an Ainu woman is shown with a musical instrument, a jade necklace and a hand tattoo. The following series of captioned watercolours shows details of the hand tattoo, as well as another necklace and a bark skin jacket and includes further descriptions of Ainu dress. Then a seal is shown and the Ainu trade of seal meat for rice, clothes and tobacco is described. Ainu fishing, seal hunting and whaling including the boats and weapons they used as well as the Ainu method of curing seal meat are also illustrated and described. Then a series of illustrations shows Ainu manners, customs and ceremonies with a series of five illustrations of the Ainu Iomante ceremony with detailed descriptions of how a brown bear is ritually killed and sent off to the world of the gods and then how the Ainu villagers divide up and drink and eat the bear's blood and meat, presumably to gain its spirit and powers. Additionally, an Ainu house called a "Chise," with a bamboo grass leaf roof is shown with views of its exterior, interior and surrounding property being illustrated and described. An Ainu bow, arrow and quiver are also illustrated and described. As well as an Ainu musician and his instrument with an additional detailed view of the instrument by itself. Overall this is an extensively beautifully illustrated and historically important manuscript on Ainu ethnology.
Awagimaru's "Ezoto kikan (‘Strange sights from Ezo Island’, 1800) endures as among the best ethnographic renditions of late eighteenth-century Ainu life"(Walker, Mamiya Rinzo and the Japanese exploration of Sakhalin Island: cartography and empire (in Journal of Historical Geography 33 (2007)) p. 289).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Kagoshima Incident (15-17 August, 1863), Mentioning the Japanese Naval Commander Naohachi Inoue – future noted Admiral Inoue Yoshika, noting the casualties on the ships of the British Squadron (HMS Euryalus, HMS Pearl, HMS Coquette, HMS Argus, HMS Perseus, and HMS Racehorse), and others].

Bunkyu 3 (November, 1863). Original manuscript in Japanese characters, ca. 27,5x16 cm (10 ¾ x 6 ¼ in), twelve pages, black ink on two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string. With minor creases and a larger worm hole (slightly affecting a couple of characters), but overall a very good manuscript.
An interesting official Japanese report about the events of the Bombardment of Kagoshima (also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War) on 15-17 August, 1863, and compiled for the Tokugawa shogunate government in Edo apparently to receive instructions on what should be done. The title on the first leaf reads “Anglo-Satsuma War report. British notes/written down to Edo”. This and some features of the text (i.e. One of the dates is written as “1863”, not “Bunkyu 3”) opens up the possibility of this text being translated from a period British report. The text briefly informs about the details of the Kagoshima Incident, mentioning Naohachi Inoue (Inoue Yoshika, 1845-1929, future noted Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy), and lists casualties on board the British naval squadron (HMS Euryalus – 20 injured, including one who died; HMS Pearl – 7 injured, including one who died; HMS Coquette - 6 injured, including one who died; HMS Argus - three injured; HMS Perseus - one injured and one died; HMS Racehorse - 2 people injured).
“The Bombardment of Kagoshima, also known as the Anglo-Satsuma War(薩英戦争Satsu-Ei Sensō), took place on 15–17 August 1863 during the Late Tokugawa shogunate. The Royal Navy was fired on from coastal batteries near the town of Kagoshima and in retaliation bombarded the town. The British were trying to exact a payment from the daimyo of Satsuma following the Namamugi Incident of 1862, in which British nationals were attacked (one killed, two wounded) by Satsuma samurai for not showing the proper respect for a daimyo's regent (Shimazu Hisamitsu). <…> The conflict actually became the starting point of a close relationship between Satsuma and Britain, which became major allies in the ensuing Boshin War. From the start, the Satsuma Province had generally been in favour of the opening and modernization of Japan. Although the Namamugi Incident was unfortunate, it was not characteristic of Satsuma's policy, and was rather abusively branded as an example of anti-foreign sonnō jōi sentiment, as a justification to a strong European show of force” (Wikipedia).


53. [CHINA]
OKADA, Gyokuzan Yusho (1737-1812); OKA, Yugaku Bunki (1762-1833) & OHARA, Toya Minsei (1771-1840)
Morokoshi Meisho Zue [Description of Famous Places In China].

Osaka: Kawachiya Kichibei et al., Bunka 3 [1806]. First Edition. Quarto (ca. 26x18 cm) 6 vols. With ca. 250 woodcut views and maps, of which approx. 170 are double-page. Original publisher's orange wrappers each with printed paper title labels and housed in a later cloth slip case. Wrappers with some mild signs of wear, text with a couple of spots of very minor worming but overall in very good original condition with strong impressions of the woodcuts.
Rare important xylographically printed work which is extensively illustrated with about 250 woodcut views and maps, of which about 170 are double-page. The work contains double page maps of China and Korea including the provinces of the Qing Empire and a map of Peking. The woodcut illustrations include ones of famous landmarks such as the Forbidden City, the astronomical observatory of Peking (established by the Jesuits Johann Adam Schall and Ferdinand Verbiest), the Great Wall, topographical views including cities, towns and landscapes, palaces and members of the royal family, temples with religious ceremonies, Chinese costumes and customs, markets with merchants, military scenes and weapons, scientific and musical instruments etc. The text describes the sights and scenes shown by the woodcuts and the history, arts and literature of China. Kerlen, Catalogue of the Pre-Meiji Japanese Books and Maps, 1077. “This work contains many city plans and maps of China provinces. The illustrations… depict mostly topographical views: natural, archaeological or sacred sites… and palaces, or historical and legendary scenes based on classical literature" (Western Travellers in China 54).


OYAMADA, Tomokiyo (1783-1847)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Travel Book of a Journey from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma, in the Kanto Region Titled:] Soma Nikki.

Edo: Iseya Tadaemon; Kadomaruya Jinsuke, Bunsei 1 [1818]. Four parts in one volume. Octavo (ca. 22,5x15,5 cm). First Edition. 95 thin two-ply leaves; with six double-page woodblock illustrations. Text and illustrations within single borders (ca. 19x13,5 cm), main text nine vertical lines. Three red ink private library stamps on the first leaf. Original Japanese fukuro toji binding: grey paper cover with a yellow paper title label on the front board (with a Manuscript title); leaves sewn together with a string. Manuscript title additionally on the lower edge and text block. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes and small tears to leaves and binding, but overall a very good copy.
Interesting account of a journey in the Kanto region, from Edo (Tokyo) to Soma (modern Fukushima prefecture) full of anecdotes about the customs of the areas visited; the illustrations depict sights along the route, including ruins of the Toshima castle (near the Shakujii River), Mount Tsukuba, Kinugawa River, Futoi River, Mitsukaido and Soma towns, several villages (Hanyu, Yokozone, Ichikawa), shrines and temples (Sairin Temole, Sampo temple, and others; special plate shows the interior grounds of the Narita Temple). The last five leaves advertise the other books published by Iseya Tadaemon, as well as a potent sleeping medicine. Overall a fascinating travel in early 19th-century Japan. The ink stamps on the first leaf are of the libraries of a Japanese doctor and poet Ono Shachiku (1872-1913) and philologist, compiler of the English-Japanese dictionaries Saito Hidesaburo (1866-1929).
Oyamada Tomokiyo (1783-1847), a disciple of Murata Harumi (the famous poet and scholar of ancient Japanese literature and culture), was a bibliophile and classical scholar who held a private collection of around 50,000 books. He “used the commercial wealth of his adoptive family and an extensive network of contacts to build up a collection of some 50,000 volumes. <…> he was unusually reflexive about his collection, for he kept a diary recording the growth of his library and the exchanges that facilitated its growth, but he was also hard-headed enough to compile a set of rules for those borrowing from his library” (Kornicki, P. The Book in Japan: A Cultural History from the Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century. Leiden, Boston, Koeln, 1998, p. 389).


Tsuzoku Igirisu Tangohen [Popular Dictionary of the English language].

Tokyo: Izumiya Hanbei, Meiji 4 [1871]. Second Edition. Octavo, 2 vols. (ca. 18x12 cm). [1], 42, [3 ads]; (43-84), [2] leaves. With title plate to volume one. With red Mikaeshi (title and final leaf) and with red collector's stamp. Original publisher's yellow paper patterned block book binding. A couple of small minor red ink stains on back covers and in text, stitching of volume coming loose in one section but otherwise holding but overall a very good set in very original condition.
Rare thematically ordered dictionary which contains English words in Latin letters with their corresponding Japanese translation in Kanji. The themes include books and writing; describing the world; military terms; units of time; family members; parts of the body; verbs; adjectives; nouns; body parts and illness; parts of a house; food; trades and occupations; countries etc etc.


[Large Folding Map of Japan Titled:] Dai Nihon Koku Zenzu [Complete Map of Japan].

Tokyo: Bureau of Geography, Meiji 16 [1883]. Outline hand coloured copper engraved large folding map ca. 161 x 150cm (61.5 x 59.5in.). Original beige linen covered boards with original printed paper labels. A couple of minor repaired tears and a couple of minor small stains but overall a very good map.
This large and very detailed map of the Japanese Empire has five inset plans & maps, which include Tokyo, Kyoto, Hakaido, Bonin Islands and the Amami Islands. This is an historically interesting map from the early Meiji era (1868-1912), which was an era in "which Japanese society moved from being an isolated feudal society to its modern form. Fundamental changes affected its social structure, internal politics, economy, military, and foreign relations. The period corresponded with the reign of Emperor Meiji after 1868, and lasted until his death in 1912" (Wikipedia).


[Original Japanese Manuscript Report on the Otsu Incident (11 May 1891), an Assassination Attempt on the Russian Heir to the Throne, Nicholas Alexandrovich (Future Emperor Nicholas II) During his State Visit to Japan, Titled:] Rokoku Kotaishi Denka Goraiyu no Moyo Meiji 24 Nen 4 Gatsu-Gejun [The Visiting Report of His Royal Highness the Prince of Russia, Late April 1891].

Ca. 1891. Original manuscript in Japanese, ca. 13x16 cm (5 x 6 ¼ in), over 170 two-ply leaves of rice paper, stitched with a string; text written in black ink. With three newspaper clippings with the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and the two rickshaw drivers who saved his life, loosely inserted. Period ink stamps on the first leaf, some leaves cut out, occasional text corrections in black ink, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important Japanese manuscript report giving a detailed account of the Otsu Incident on the 11th of May (29th of April O.S.) 1891, when the Russian heir to the throne Nicholas Alexandrovich (future Russian Emperor Nicholas II, 1868-1918) was hit on his head with a sabre by Japanese policeman Tsuda Sanzo, while visiting Japan during his tour to the East. The Japanese government publicly apologized, and Japanese Emperor visited Nicholas Alexandrovich the next day after the attack. The wound quickly healed, and the Heir continued his tour to Vladivostok; The Russian government expressed its full satisfaction with the actions of the Japanese authorities, but there are some historical speculations, that the Otsu Incident could have influenced Nicholas II’s opinions and decisions before and during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05.
The manuscript consists of two chapters; the first one titled “Kosai jyo Kanji” (“Diplomatic Concern”, 16 leaves) starts with the arrival of the Russian Heir to Nagasaki on the 17th of April 1891 with three Russian ships, and briefly outlines the Otsu Incident. The second chapter is titled “Ro-Kotaishi Denka Gosonan Omimai no Moyo…” [The Report of the Accident involving the Russian Prince on May 11, 1891] and contains over 140 leaves. It includes a detailed description of the incident including the purpose of Nicholas Alexandrovich’s visit, his routes from Nagasaki to Kagoshima and Kobe to Kyoto, the background of the assailant Sanzo Tsuda, the events during the attack, the actions of two rickshaw drivers Jizaburo Mukaihata and Ichitaro Kitagaichi who captured Sanzo Tsuda, Japanese Emperor’s visit of the Heir, the report of the Russian Minister of the Imperial Household, the telegram from the Russian Emperor, the Rescript of the Japanese Emperor, the condition of Nicholas Alexandrovich, the character and conduct of the assailant, visits of the Russian residents in Japan, the closure of stock market, shops, schools etc.; the rumors of the Russian Prince leaving Japan early, the decision to send Japanese ambassadors to Russia, the interrogation of Sanzo Tsuda, the movement of Russian warships, telegrams to the Heir with condolences, et al. The manuscript is supplemented with three period Japanese newspaper clippings showing the portraits of Nicholas Alexandrovich and two rickshaw drivers, loosely inserted. Overall a very interesting content rich original source on this important episode in Russian-Japanese relations.


[A “Black Ship Scroll” Showing the Negotiations in Yokohama during the Second Visit of Commodore Matthew Perry’s Naval Expedition to Japan in February-March 1854, Titled:] Kurofune raikou emaki.

Landing scene dated: Kaei 7 [i.e. 1854], but possibly a slightly later Meiji period copy. Hand painted scroll ca. 338x26,2 cm (133,07 x 10,3 in). Ink and watercolour on rice paper, remounted. Occasional minor worm holes, several creases, but overall a beautiful scroll in very good condition.
Rare beautiful hand painted “Black Ship Scroll” giving the pictorial record of the negotiation of the first American-Japanese Treaty of Kanagawa which was signed in Yokohama on March 31, 1854. The treaty was the result of Commodore Matthew Perry’s two naval expeditionary missions to Japan (July 1853 and February-March 1854), and effectively ended 220-years of Japan’s isolation from the western world. Perry first arrived to the Edo Bay in July 1853 and then returned in February 1854. He was allowed to land at Kanagawa, the site of modern-day Yokohama on March 8, 1854, where a special “Treaty House” was erected on shore. The negotiations lasted for almost a month, accompanied with the presentation of the gifts from the American President to the Japanese Emperor and vice versa, contests by sumo wrestlers, drills of American marines, banquets and many other activities between the Americans and the Japanese. After the Treaty was signed Perry and his ships cruised in the Edo Bay and departed for Simoda on April 11-18, 1854.
The scroll consists of four sections opening with full-length portraits of ten members of the American delegation, including Commodore Perry himself, marines in their respective uniforms and the Chinese translator Luo Sen; the captions next to each figure read: Amerika Koku Jokan no Shin Zo (“True image of an American Superior Officer”); Do Heishi Gashira no Zo (“Image of American Chief Soldier”); Do Shiki Yaku (“American Commanding Officer”); Do Heishi (“American Soldier”); Seijin Gakukan (“Chinese Scholar Officer”); Amerika tai Gungaku Kan (“American Military Music Officer”); Migi Onaji (“Same as the one to the right”); Do Taiho Shi (“American Cannon Soldier”); Do Gekan Kokui (“American Black man- Lower Officer”); Do Suihu (“American Sailor”).
The second scene is titled “Kaei 7 Kinoe Tora Toshi Ni Gatsu To Ka Oite Yokohama Kan Amerika Koku Kyowa Seiji no Shisetsu Osetsu Joriku no Zu” (“A View of Reception of the Envoy of American Republican Government Landing at Yokohama in 1854”). The watercolour shows the Americans disembarking at Kanagawa on March 8, 1854 for the first day of negotiations with nine “black ships” in the background. Seven boats with American flags are landing at the shore, American marines are lined up in front of the specially constructed “Treaty House”, as Perry and his retinue with an American flag walk to meet the Japanese commissioners. He is preceded with a group of Japanese officials leading him to the negotiation buildings.
The third section titled “Oite Yokohama Taihei Shintai Henka no Zu” (“Picture of troops’ manoeuvres in Yokohama”) shows the American marines during drills performed for the Japanese on March 24. The final scene shows a group of sumo wrestlers tossing bales of rice (entertainment arranged by the Japanese on March 24, 1854, when the presents from the Emperor were handed to the Americans), and the miniature railway in action, which had been presented by the Americans to the Japanese Emperor on March 13. The captions to the scenes read: “Gotoukei Kakushina no Uchi Komedawara 200 Hyo Rikishi Unso no Zu” (“Picture of sumo wrestlers carrying 200 straw bags with rice which are one of our gifts”) and “Kenko Karin Sharyo Shi Zu” (“Picture of the trial of the engine train which was presented”).
Most of the Perry scrolls date from after 1858 and many of them are crude and derivative copies. Ours is an artistically well executed - if slightly naive - copy that is however clearly based on contemporary eye-witness accounts.
“Universal concern bred a variety of means by which news of the Americans was spread throughout the land. One popular and attractive device was the painted pictorial with text done in scroll format. Many were produced, often in duplicate, and they circulated widely. The paintings are not high art; on the contrary, they are work of the artisan and not of the legitimate artist. The usage “Black Ship Scrolls” was coined subsequently and is a reference to the colour of Commodore Perry’s ships. Not many Black Ships Scrolls have survived” (The Black Ships Scrolls [pdf], p. [2]/ Perry in Japan: a Visual History/ Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship; http://library.brown.edu/cds/perry/scrolls_psnc.html).
The best comments to the images on the scroll are the personal notes of Matthew C. Perry taken during his visit to Yokohama (see more in: The Japan Expedition 1852-1854: The Personal Journal of Commodore Matthew C. Perry/ Ed. By R. Pineau. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968).
Landing in Yokohama (8 March 1854): “At 11:30 on the day appointed, the escort - consisting of about 500 officers, seamen, and marines fully armed - embarked in twenty-seven barges in command of Commander Buchanan, and, forming a line abreast, pulled in good order towards the shore. The escort having landed and drawn up, I followed in my barge under an appropriate salute. Upon landing I was received by the escort and a party of Japanese officials and conducted to the hall prepared for the conference. At this moment salutes were fired from the howitzers mounted in the launches, of twenty guns in honour of the Emperor, and seventeen for the Japanese commissioners” (p. 165).
Drills (24 March 1854): “During this exhibition the bands of the squadron played some of their best airs. When they terminated, Captain Tansill, commanding the guard of Marines, at the request of the commissioners, put his men through several evolutions” (p. 192).
Miniature train presented by the Americans: “For the first few days after our arrival at Yokohama, Mr. Gay, the chief engineer of the Mississippi with the requisite number of mechanics, was employed in unpacking and putting in working order the locomotive engine <...> Meanwhile, the implements of husbandry had been put together and exhibited, the track laid down, and the beautiful little engine with its tiny car set in motion. It could be seen from the ship flying round its circular path exciting the utmost wonder in the minds of the Japanese. Although this perfect piece of machinery was with its car finished in the most tasteful manner, it was much smaller than I had expected it would have been, the car being incapable of admitting with any comfort even a child of six years. The Japanese therefore who rode upon it were seated upon the roof, whilst the engineer placed himself upon the tender.” (pp. 176-177).
Entertainment by the Japanese Sumo wrestlers: “The whole troop of naked giants commenced transporting, for our edification and amusement, the bales of rice... To the shore in readiness for shipping. These bales weighed each 135 pounds, and each man with two exceptions carried two on his right shoulder...” (p. 191).


[Original Japanese Woodblock Printed Map of the Edo Bay Showing the Japanese Defence Force Protecting the Coast after Commodore Matthew Perry’s First Landing near Uraga in July 1853; the Map is Decorated with a Full-Length Portrait of an American Mariner].

Ca. 1853. Woodblock printed map ca. 29x37,5 cm (11 ¼ x 15 in). Heavily captioned, with dense text in Japanese on the margins. Two small washi-paper repairs to verso and a few light stains, otherwise a very good map.
Interesting example of a Japanese kawaraban issued after the unexpected intrusion of American naval steamships under command of Commodore Matthew Perry to the Edo (Tokyo) Bay in July 1853. This woodcut map shows the Edo Bay with the Miura Peninsula, and a part of the Sagami Bay, from Odawara to Sunosaki, with all coastal cities and villages, the names and heraldic devices of their warlords and a number of the troops under their command. Two of Perry’s “black ships” are shown in the waters of the Edo Bay, one with a note about its size (the length is 80 ken or 145 m and the width is 35 ken or 64 m). In the lower right corner, there is a portrait of a foreigner armed with two swords. Overall an important Japanese patriotic propaganda piece printed to show the size and might of the Japanese bakufu’s army, which is greatly exaggerated.
Commodore Matthew Perry’s naval expeditionary mission to Japan in 1853-1854 lead to the end of Japan’s 220-year-old policy of isolation and to the establishment of diplomatic relations with the western powers. Perry’s first landing in Japan took place on the Kurihama beach near Uraga (part of present day Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, on the western shore of Tokyo Bay) on July 14, 1853, when the letters and gifts from the US President Fillmore to the Japanese Emperor were handed to the Japanese officials. Perry then led the American ships along the western shore of Edo (Tokyo) Bay from Chiyogasaki to Haneda on July 15-17, 1853.


[ISONO, Bunsai] [Nagasaki School]
[Original Colour Printed Japanese Woodblock Portrait of Nikolay Rezanov, a Founding Member of the Russian-American Company, a Participant of the First Russian Circumnavigation in 1803-1806, and the First Russian Envoy to Japan, Titled in Manuscript:] Oroshyakoku no shisetsu Rezanotsuto [Russian Envoy Rezanov].

Nagasaki: Yamatoya, ca. 1840s. Colour printed woodblock print ca. 40x16 cm (16 x 6 ¼ in). With a stamp in Japanese characters reading “Nagasaki Yamatoya” in the right lower corner, and handwritten title in Japanese in the upper left corner. Mounted in a recent mat. Paper slightly age toned (dust stained), margins slightly trimmed, otherwise a very good strong impression of this rare print.
Rare early Nagasaki school print showing the first Russian envoy to Japan Nikolay Petrovich Rezanov (1764-1807), who stayed in Nagasaki in October 1804 – April 1805 fruitlessly trying to establish diplomatic relations with Japan. This copy from the collection of Charles R. Boxer (1904-2000), British spy in Hong Kong before WWII, brilliant historian of early Dutch and Portuguese colonial empires in Asia and Brazil and the author of over 330 works on the topic, Camoens Professor of Portuguese Studies at King’s College (London), as well as in for other universities (Yale, Indiana University, University of Virginia, University of Michigan and University of Missouri at St. Louis). He mentioned Rezanov in his “Jan Compagnie in Japan, 1600-1817” (The Hague, 1936, p. 108).
Rezanov was a founding member of the Russian-American Company (1799-1881), and his mission to Japan was carried out on board the frigate “Nadezhda” – one of the two ships which executed the first Russian circumnavigation (1803-1806) under command of Adam von Krusenstern and Yury Lisyansky. According to Krusenstern, during the meetings with the Japanese officials in Nagasaki, Rezanov had to take off his shoes, give away his sword, and sit on the floor instead of a chair – a normal custom for the Japanese, but a Russian nobleman who was well-received at the Imperial Court in Saint Petersburg, took it as humiliation. After four months of waiting, the Japanese Emperor finally refused to open the country for the Russians, and Rezanov proceeded to Kamchatka and thence to Sitka where he served as the Imperial inspector and plenipotentiary of the Russian American Company. In order to feed the starving colonists, Rezanov bought an American vessel “Juno” with its cargo of various staple foods, and supervised the construction of another ship named “Avos.” In March 1806 both ships proceeded to California where a heavy cargo of wheat, barley and beans was purchased for the colonists in Sitka. Leaving Russian America in summer 1806 Rezanov instructed the Chief Manager of the RAC Alexander Baranov to establish a Russian settlement in California in order to provide the Alaskan colonies with food; such a settlement named Fort Ross was founded in 1812 and was sold only in 1841. Rezanov also ordered the captains of “Juno” and “Avos” – Nikolay Khvostov and Gavriil Davydov to rake revenge for his humiliation in Japan; as a result, for two years “Juno” and “Avos” sailed to the Japanese territories of Southern Sakhalin, Kuril Islands and Hokkaido, where they robbed and burned the settlements, and captured several Japanese. This eventually lead to the notorious “Golovnin incident” of 1811-13, when Vasily Golovnin, and several members of his crew were taken captive by the Japanese on the Kunashir Island and were imprisoned for two years in Matsumae.
The print depicts Rezanov the way he most likely appeared in front of the Japanese officials - wearing a tricorn hat and full-dress uniform, decorated with the Russian Imperial Order of Saint Anna (which he was awarded shortly before the expedition), carrying a sword in golden sheath hanging on a baldric, and drawing upon a stick. Rezanov’s mission was depicted in several Japanese scrolls and Nagasaki prints. This copy is titled in manuscript, noting that “Russian envoy Rezanov came to Japan on the 7th of the ninth month [September] in the first year of Bunka [1804]”.
Howgego II, R9; Mody, N.H. A Collection of Nagasaki Colour Prints and Paintings. London & Kobe, 1939, plate 91.


[Original Japanese Ukiyo-e Woodblock Print Showing the Delegation of Count Muravyov-Amursky Coming to Yokohama in August 1859,Titled:] Rossia-jin Joriku Gyoretsu Ongaku no Zu [Russians Landing and Marching].

[Yokohama], ca. 1859. Ukiyo-e woodblock print ca. 19,5x26,5 cm (7 ¾ x 10 ½ in). With a printed title in the right upper corner and dense printed text on the upper margin. Paper slightly age toned, four small worm holes on the right margin, but overall a very good copy of this very rare print.
Rare early Japanese depiction of Count Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky (1809-1881), General Governor of Russian Siberia and the Far East, taken during his official visit to Edo in August 1859. The purpose of the visit was to negotiate the Russian-Japanese state border and to legally secure the ownership of Sakhalin Island to Russia. Muravyov-Amursky arrived at Yokohama on August 5 with a squadron of eight Russian naval ships and received Japanese plenipotentiaries aboard his flagship “Askold.” Two days later he went ashore “with a large retinue, including an honor guard of three hundred sailors and a drum and bugle corps” (Lensen, G. Russians in Japan, 1858-1859// The Journal of Modern History: The University of Chicago, vol. 26, No. 2, June 1954, p. 169). The negotiations started in Edo on August 12, but ended without a result, the Japanese side referring to the Treaty of Shimoda (1855) which mentioned common use of Sakhalin Island. Muravyov-Amursky and Russian naval squadron left Yokohama on August 24, 1859 and proceeded to Hakodate and thence to Nikolayevsk. During the delegation’s stay in Edo three Russian sailors were attacked by Japanese in Yokohama and cut with swords, only one surviving. This was one of the first attacks on foreigners after the opening of Japan to the outside world. The victims were buried on the specially designed cemetery for the foreigners in Yokohama.
The print depicts Muravyov-Amursky and his retinue entering Yokohama, the Governor wearing his official uniform and hat, with a sword and holding an umbrella; he is preceded with drummers and trumpeters, a flag bearer, and is followed by several officers and a servant carrying a chair. The text on the upper margin starts with a description on Russia: “Russia is a big country between Asia and Europe and has one third of land in the world…” (in translation).


62. [SINO-JAPANESE WAR 1894-1895]
[Album with Fourteen Coloured Nishiki-e Woodblock Prints, Depicting Scenes of the Sino-Japanese War and Titled in Manuscript:] Nisshin Senso Nishiki e, Meiji 27 nen [Sino-Japanese War Nishiki e, 1894].

Ca. 1894-1895. Folio album ca. 36,5x23,5 cm (14 ½ x 9 ¼ in). With forty slightly trimmed Oban Nishiki-e woodblock prints (ca. 36,5x23,5 cm or 14 ½ x 9 ¼ in). Ink and colour on paper, the prints are mounted on the album leaves, joined in accordion-like manner, and comprise fourteen scenes (one print with two scenes, the other scenes are made up from three to six prints). The scenes have printed titles in the right upper corners or on the top margins, and names of the artists and printers in the lower corners, several are supplemented with extensive notes in Japanese on the margins. Red stamps with the name of Toyokichi Yoshida on the front and rear Original Japanese cloth binding slightly faded and rubbed on extremities. A repaired tear on the front pastedown, not affecting the images, otherwise a very good album.
Interesting album with fourteen mounted coloured Nishiki-e woodblock prints depicting the main events of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95. “The Japanese tradition of depicting warriors in art dates to the Heian ear (794-1185). As Japan modernized during the Meiji Restoration, woodblock prints featuring historical samurai expressed the increasing sense of Japanese nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and cultural and racial identity. When Japan entered into international military conflicts, prints known as sensō-e, or war prints, were used to build international support as Japan promoted itself as a modern nation worthy of respect. With Japan’s swift, decisive victory over China in the Sino-Japanese War (1894-95), Japan was seen as the champion of progress in Asia and China as backward and antiquated. Woodblock prints played a key role in creating these perceptions. The woodblock print tradition reached its apex with the production of sensō-e during the Sino-Japanese War, when approximately 3,000 different prints were published. The inexpensive prints, which were produced quickly, proved popular both at home and abroad. Japan developed a new visual language in sensō-e, based on Western iconography, which made the prints more readily acceptable to a Western audience that viewed Asian art as inferior to Western art. The realistic depictions were seen by Japanese viewers as accurate representations of events at the front, despite the fact that very few artists had direct access to the action.” (Sensō-e or War Prints// Japan at War: An Encyclopaedia/ Ed. L.G. Perez. 2013, p. 374-376).
“The wartime prints, quickly made and inexpensively sold, represent a Japanese ideal, now all but lost, of making beautiful even the least expensive and leave obviously artistic objects." (Keene, D. Prints of the Sino-Japanese War// Impressions of the Front: Woodcuts of the Sino-Japanese War, Okamoto, Shumpei, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1983, p. 10).
List of prints:
1) Adachi Ginko (act. 1874-1905). Pyongyang daisenso nozu (The great battle at Pyongyang). Triptych. Meiji 27 [September 1894]. Signed “Oju Ginko,” publisher Fukuda Kumajiro.
2) Kokunimasa Utagawa (1874-1944). Chōsen Pyongyang rakujō shi waga hei daishōri [Pyongyang falls to the Japanese forces]. Triptych. Meiji 27 [1894]. Signed “Baidō Kokunimasa”. Publisher Fukuda Kumajiro.
3) Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915) Wa Gun Sensho Pyongyang wo Ryakushu su [Our army won and captured Pyongyang]. Triptych. N.d. [1894].
4) Kobayashi Toshimitsu (active 1876-1904). Kurenjo Gekisen Funabashi no Zu [The Fierce Battle of the floating bridge at Jiuliancheng]. Triptych. Meiji 27 [October 1894]. Publisher Katada Chojiro.
5) Migita Toshihide (1863-1925). Yusotsu Shiragami si no Bidan [The Splendid Deed of the Brave Soldier Shirakami]. Triptych. Meiji 28 [October 1895]. Publisher Tsujioka Bunsuke.
6) Kokunimasa Utagawa (1874-1944). Bôkô shihei o zanshu suru zu [Illustration of the Decapitation of Violent Chinese Soldiers]. Triptych. Meiji 27 [October 1894]. Publisher Fukuda Kumajirô.
7) Two scenes printed on one Oban leaf with the title above “Nissin Senso Shoho” (Sino-Japanese war report). Meiji 27 [September 1894]. Publisher Mitsui Shinjiro.
8) Kokunimasa Utagawa (1874-1944). Nissin Kaisen Daikosan oki Daigekisen Dai Nihon Kaigun Daishôri no Zu [Illustration of the Great Victory of the Imperial Navy at the Great Pitched Battle off Takushan]. Hexaptych. Meiji 27 [October 1894]. Signed “Baidō Kokunimasa”, publisher Fukuda Kumajiro.
9) Tsuchiya Koitsu (1870-1949). Chinengo Jyuran no Zu [A view of captured Chinese warship Zhenyuan]. Triptych. N.d. [1894]
10) Kuniteru Okada. Dai ni Gun Kinshu Narabini Ryojyun Daishori [The Victory of the Second Army at Jinzhou and Lushunkou]. Triptych. N.d. [1894]
11) Yosai Nobukazu. Kurenjo Seimon yori Kougeki no Zu [Attack of the Main Gate of the Castle in Jiuliancheng]. Triptych. Meiji 27 [October 1894]. Publisher Tsunashima Kamekichi.
12) Kokunimasa Utagawa (1874-1944). Pyongyang Gekisen Nihon Guntai Daishori no Zu [Big Victory of the Japanese Army at Pyongyang]. Triptych. N.d. [1894]
13) Kobayashi Kiyochika (1847-1915). Pyongyang Kougeki Denki Shiyo no Zu [Using an electric searchlight in the artillery attack on Pyongyang]. Triptych. N.d. [1894].


[Original Japanese Wood Block Depicting a Scene in an Edo (Tokyo) Brothel, with an Example of the Print on Recent Paper, Titled:] Edo Fuzoku Kuruwa-Sho-ga.

Ca. early Meiji (1860-1870s). Wood block ca. 17,5x32 cm (7 x 12 ½ in), with the image size ca. 12,5x27 cm (5 x 10 ½ in). Additional title in Japanese characters on the margins of the block rephrasing the printed title on the image. Wood block in near fine condition.
A very detailed yamato-e perspective woodblock of a brothel in Edo (modern-day Tokyo), by an unknown artist, mostly likely carved in the early Meiji Period. An excellent example of the artistic skill of Japanese woodblock carvers, it is supplemented with a recent example of the print on Japanese paper. The very detailed executed scene shows a birds-eye view of the interior of an upper-class geisha house in Edo. Several inner rooms expose geishas entertaining customers with talks, servants bringing various items, a drunk client being supported by two geishas, etc. Overall a beautiful example of a Japanese wood block carving.


[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book, Titled:] Kaisei Tokyo Shinmachi Kagami [Tokyo Streets and Suburbs Guide].

Tokyo: Yamatoya Kihei, Meiji 2 (1869). Japanese woodblock printed book ca. 7x15,5 cm (2 ¾ x 6 in). 75 douple-ply leaves. Text in black and red. With a folding plan ca. 11x13 cm (4 ½ x 5 ¼ in). With some minor wear to binding, but otherwise in very nice condition and with title plate intact. Housed in a Japanese-style slipcase.
A comprehensive early Meiji era list of streets and suburbs in Tokyo, supplemented with a folding map of the Teppozu area in the Tsukiji district, showing the Sumida River, Teppozu shrine, and the “Foreigners’ settlement” formed earlier the same year. Supplementary information on the names of towns is added in red ink. Overall a very interesting guide to old Tokyo, which was mostly destroyed or burned down including the Tsukiji district in the Great Kanto earthquake on September 1, 1923.
“In 1869, Tsukiji was designated as an approved residential area for foreigners. As the Yokohama foreign settlement, opened in 1859, had already become a center for commercial activities and international trade, Tsukiji grew more as a focus for education, healthcare and Christian mission work. Early classroom and study facilities for Keio University, Rikkyo University, St. Margaret's Junior College, the American School in Japan and St. Luke's International Hospital were all to be found in this district. From 1875 to 1890 the United States legation also occupied a site in Tsukiji now occupied by the St. Luke's Garden complex. Tsukiji was also the location from 1869 of the Imperial Japanese Navy technical training facilities, renamed in 1876 as the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy. In 1888 the Naval Academy was relocated to from Tsukiji to new, larger facilities at Etajimain Hiroshima Prefecture. The Tsukiji naval buildings next to the Akibashi bridge then became home, until 1923, of the Naval War College, a post-graduate staff college for senior naval officers” (Wikipedia).


WAY, Richard Quarterman (1819-1895); MITSUKURI, Genpo (1799-1863)
[Japanese Woodblock Printed Book, Titled:] Chikyu Setsuryaku. [An Account of the World].

Tokyo: Rokokan Zoshi, ca. Meiji 4 [1871]. Complete in three volumes. Small Quarto (ca. 25x16,5 cm). Second edition, a slightly later impression. [1, 42], [34], [41] thin two-ply leaves; with a period reprint of the title page of the first edition (dated 1856), seven folding woodcut maps, five single-page woodblock illustrations (including two on both sides of a folding leaf), and over forty woodcuts in text. Text (in Japanized Chinese) and illustrations within double borders (ca. 18x13 cm), main text ten vertical lines. Each part in original yellow Japanese fukuro toji bindings with leaves sewn together with a string and paper title labels on the front covers (vol. 1 missing the title label), additional printed text on the bottom edges of each volume. All volumes housed in a period style blue chitsu case. Covers slightly soiled and rubbed, corners slightly bent, occasional worm holes on the leaves neatly repaired, but overall a very good set.
Important Japanese translation of “Di qiu shuo lüe”, a well-know overview of the world’s geography written for the Chinese readers by Richard Quarterman Way, an American missionary in Ningbo and Shanghai. The Chinese edition was first published in Ningbo in 1856, being printed with movable type, and four years later it was published in Japan as a fully engraved edition, with some pronunciation symbols and grammatical marks added by the editor Mitsukuri Genpo. A doctor and noted Japanese scholar of Western learning, Mitsukuri Genpo worked at the Bansho Shirabesho (“Institute for the Study of Barbarian Books”), the Shogunate’s centre for Western studies which became one of the founding organizations which merged to form Tokyo University in 1877. Mitsukuri edited the original text, omitting the notes and passages of Christianity which was under persecution in the Shogunate until 1871.
The first volume includes a period reprint of the original title of the Ningbo edition and is dedicated to Asia, the second volume described Europe, and the third volume - Africa and both Americas. The woodcut illustrations focus on costumes and fauna of the described continents, with the exception of North America where steamships and railways feature prominently. The folding maps depict the Eastern hemisphere, Western hemisphere, Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, and South America. The date of this edition has been ascertained on the basis of the advertising of new books by Rokokan Zoshi, the “Chikyu Setsuryaku’s” publisher, printed on the last leaf of the third volume (the advertised books were published in 1871). “Chikyu Setsuryaku” “was widely used as a textbook in the early Meiji period” (Islam in the Eyes of the West/ Ed. By T. Ismael, A. Rippin. New York, 2010. p. 127). Not in Kerlen.


SCHNELL, Edward (1834-1890) & TAKEDA, Kango
A Map of the World in Japanese by Ed. Schnell Yokohama February 1862 (Bankoku Kokaizu).

Yokohama, 1862. Original outline hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 88x156 cm (35 x 60 ½ in). Folding map in original beige linen covers with printed pink paper title label on front cover. Some minor worming of blank margins, but overall a very good copy in very original condition.
Rare map with only three copies found in Worldcat. This large format map published by Edward Schnell is the corrected and updated second edition of the map published in 1858 by Kango Takeda, who had translated and redrawn the 1845 world map by John Purdy et al titled: "A New Chart of the World On Mercator's Projection with the Tracks of the Most Celebrated & Recent Navigators." The original 1845 map had been owned and used by Admiral Yevfimy Putyatin on his ship Diana during his diplomatic mission to Japan which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Shimoda in 1855. However, the Diana sank in the Bay of Miyajima-mura after the powerful Ansei-Tōkai earthquake of 23 December 1854. Nevertheless, Putyatin's world map was saved and came into the hands of Kango Takeda, who translated it and produced a Japanese version of it in 1858. Then in 1862 Edward Schnell updated and corrected Takeda's 1858 map and published the present map. This world map on Mercator's projection, has several text boxes including a distance chart with distances from London shown to various destinations and a chronological list of the most important explorers. The routes of the voyages of major 18th and 19th century explorers such as Captain Cook's et al are also shown on the map.
"The publisher, Edward Schnell, was a Dutch-German arms dealer who lived in Japan in the 1860s. This was a period when Japan was gradually lifting restrictions on foreigners, encouraging trade and opening communication with the west. This map is one of the first Japanese maps to be based on the Mercator projection"(sl.nsw.gov.au). Edward Schnell "also served the Aizu domain as a military instructor and procurer of weapons"(Wikipedia). Edward Schnell, who in the 1850s had served in the Prussian Army and spoke Malay, traveled to Japan in around 1860 with his brother Henry following the enforced opening of Yokohama to foreign trade. In Japan, Edward took a Japanese wife Kawai Tsugonusuke, with whom he had a son.


UTAGAWA, Yoshikazu (active 1850-70)
[Coloured Oban Triptych 'Ukiyo-e' Woodblock Print of Foreigners Being Entertained at Gankiro Brothel in the Miyozaki Pleasure Quarter in Yokohama Titled:] Yokohama Miyozaki Kuruwa Gankiro Ijin Yuko no Zu.

1861. Three part coloured woodblock (each part with printed artist's name stamp), together ca. 37x76,5 cm (15x30 in). This woodblock print is in very good condition.
The print shows Caucasian and Chinese men enjoying food, sake and the company of Japanese geishas in the Gankiro brothel, also known as the house of fans, in the Miyozaki pleasure quarter of Yokohama.
"Miyozaki Yukaku," Miyozaki's red light district opened in November 1859 after a request by the Dutch ambassador to build brothels for the many single foreign men in Yokohama. There were 15 brothels in Miyozaki, and of these, Gankiro was the largest and most famous. Gankiro was divided into two sections, one for foreigners and one for Japanese customers and Japanese customers weren't allowed into the foreigner section and vice-versa.
In his 1860 world tour journal, Richard Henry Dana jr., author of "Two Years Before the Mast" gave a contemporary description of Gankiro which to him "looked like a temple, it is so large and handsome, Within are parlors, reception rooms, dining rooms, a dancing hall, a theater etc, etc. The chief rooms were beautifully carved and elaborately painted. The chief artists of Yeddo contributed each a panel, for the walls and ceiling. Lacquered furniture and screens abound, and great neatness everywhere" (Guth, Longfellow's Tattoos p. 17).
This print is one of most famous works of Yoshikazu, who was a student of Kuniyoshi. Kuniyoshi had his own branch of the Utagawa school and was one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints. Yonemura, Yokohama Prints, p. 148; sdmart.org.


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