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1. [ALASKA - NOME GOLD RUSH]
TAYLOR, B[en] P.
[Autograph 4 1/2 page Content Rich Letter in Pencil on Lined Paper with the Original Stamped Envelope, Signed B. P. Taylor Addressed to C. M. Lockwood, Salem, Oregon and Dated Nome July 9, 1900, Describing in Vivid Details the First Months of the Gold Rush at Nome].
Nome, Alaska, July 9th 1900. The four page letter with twenty-five lines per page. The first three pages with the pencil text written recto only and the fourth also with seven lines written on verso, Taylor's signature underneath. Letter accompanied by addressed & stamped envelope, postmarked. Sheet size: Large Octavo (ca. 22x15 cm). "Received / Jul 23 1900 / C. M. Lockwood" red stamp to top of first page of letter. First page of letter and envelope with 'pin' holes to top left, otherwise, both written in a legible hand and in very good condition.
Ben Taylor had travelled to Nome from Oregon with Fred Lockley (later famed journalist) and together they were both appointed Nome's and also Alaska's first mailmen on June 21st, 1900. In this letter Taylor, less than a month on the job, vividly describes the growing Gold Rush town of Nome which at that point was barely a year old: "Saloons are thick. One place has 15 in one row all side by side they run open as a grocery store at home and are full of every gambling game you can think of. Women go in just the same as men just like saloons at fair time. Every one has music of some kind. Some have dance halls. You dance with a girl then they take her up to the bar and treat costs 50 cents and that is the way it goes on that line. To try to describe it proper would be impossible. Ever since I been here you could count 50 ships in the harbor any day and they are coming and going every day. When we landed on the beach there was the worst jam you ever saw. Freight piled 10 feet high as far as you can see millions of dollars laying on the beach in everything you can think of, and everyone trying to get their stuff first, and only 4 or 5 feet from the water and that space filled with wagons and dog teams, men with carts and any old thing you could ask for. I wish you could see the power plants on the beach they are stretched out for miles up and down the beach. Steam, gasoline, coal, oil, windmills etc .I wish you could see them and all the different kinds of machines for saving gold. Everyone has a different idea. And talk about your boat building, the people are making thousands of them to go to the different streams prospecting and mining. Tents on the beach are as thick as they can stick for 20 miles most all camped on the sand from 20 to 60 feet from the water. This town is a mushroom town, sprang from 5 thousand to 30000 in a week or two, such a jam on the street you can hardly push yourself along sometimes. The streets is so narrow in some places I can step across the street from side walk to side walk in two steps hardly as wide as out alleys at home. I have seen one team block the whole street. A drunk man can lay down on the side walk or in the street and sleep all day people walk around him and never bother him at all. I could write for a week if I had the time to spare but will tell you all when I get home. I am making from 5 to 7 dollars a day now working in the Post Office. Am going mining in a few days."
"When the Nome, Alaska, post office opened in June 1899, Joseph Wright was named postmaster. By that fall, over 3,000 people were in Nome, with thousands more on the way. Clum had returned to Alaska in April, and concentrated his efforts on Western Alaska and the Bering Sea, extending postal service to the north Bering Sea coast, and establishing semi-monthly postal service between Nome and Point Blossom.
By the summer of 1900, the Nome rush had reached its peak. Over 20,000 people crowded the city and beaches of Nome, looking for gold--and mail. Clum, who assumed charge of the Nome post office for much of the summer of 1900, employed 23 men in that tiny building. Fortunately for him, among the gold-seekers that summer were two letter carriers from Salem, Oregon. Fred Lockley, Jr. And Ben Taylor, after obtaining temporary leaves of absence from their jobs, had arrived in Nome looking for gold that summer. When it became apparent to both that there were no available claims, they approached Clum with an interesting offer--their service as free city delivery carriers. The pair were hired, and their work was deeply appreciated by the astonished citizens of Nome. Lockley wrote about their work in a small book, "Alaska's First Free Mail Delivery in 1900" (Smithsonian Postalmuseum). "In the summer of 1898, the "Three Lucky Swedes": Norwegian-American Jafet Lindeberg, and two naturalized American citizens of Swedish birth, Erik Lindblom and John Brynteson, discovered gold on Anvil Creek. News of the discovery reached the outside world that winter. By 1899, Nome had a population of 10,000 and the area was organized as the Nome mining district. In that year, gold was found in the beach sands for dozens of miles along the coast at Nome, which spurred the stampede to new heights. Thousands more people poured into Nome during the spring of 1900 aboard steamships from the ports of Seattle and San Francisco. By 1900, a tent city on the beaches and on the treeless coast reached 48 km (30 mi), from Cape Rodney to Cape Nome. In June of that year, Nome averaged 1000 newcomers a day" (Wikipedia).
CASSIN, John (1813-1869)
Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, Oregon, British and Russian America.
Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., -1856. First Edition. Quarto (28x20 cm). Viii, 298 pp. With fifty hand-colored lithographed plates by William E. Hitchcock, the first twenty after George G. White. 20th century red gilt tooled full sheep with raised bands. Spine slightly rubbed, plates generally clean, plate 10 with light wear to top margin, text very mildly age toned, overall a very good copy.
"First edition in book form, originally issued in ten parts from 1853 to 1855. The work aimed to cover the species discovered since the appearance of Audubon's Birds of America. Cassin (1813-1869) headed an engraving and lithographing firm in Philadelphia which produced illustrations for government and scientific publications. He pursued ornithology as an amateur, giving his spare time to the Philadelphia Academy of Science which was developing the largest bird specimen collection then in existence. Cassin arranged and catalogued the 26,000 specimens, and published regular reports of the results of his research. Unlike Audubon, his publications were primarily technical monographs of new species" (Sothebys). This work was "to be regarded in some measure as an addition to the works of former authors in American Ornithology, but at the same time complete in itself" (Preface). Cassin especially sought to describe birds not known to Audubon. Lada-Mocarski 144; Nissen 173; Sabin 11369; Sitwell p. 85; Wood p. 281; Zimmer p. 124.
[Collection of 52 Photographs of Algiers and Environs].
Ca. 1880. 52 beige leaves. 45 albumen prints and 7 heliotype prints all mounted and each ca. 19x25 cm (7 ½ x 10 in). Many captioned and numbered in negative. The photos are strong images with only a few mildly faded. A very good collection of photographs.
These strong images by different photographers include views of: Algiers port, quays, Square Bresson, Rue Kleber, Hotel D'Orient, Mustapha, Oasis St. Marie, Jardin Marengo, Chemin des Aqueducs, Fontaine du Jardin, D'Essai, Mosque Sidi Abderrhaman, Cimitiere Sidi Abderrhaman, Fontaine Bleue, Tribunal Musulman, Cercle Militaire, Pavilion du Coup D'Eventail, Theatre National, Palais du Gouvenour a Mustapha, Place Du Gouvernement, Place Bresson, Mustapha, Lycee, Mustapha, Pris du Fort, Faubourg Bar-El-Oued, Plage de St. Eugene, Pris du Phare, Pris de Bellecourt, L'Amiraute, etc..,
HERNDON, William Lewis (1813-1857)
[Autograph Manuscript Letter Book of U.S. Naval Lieutenant William Lewis Herndon, Containing Copies of Thirty-Two Documents Written on Board USS Iris during the Mexican-American War, and a Copy of a Letter to Lardner Gibbon during the US Expedition to the Valley of the Amazon].
[U.S.S. Iris at various locations (Vera Cruz, Pensacola, Laguna); and Tarma (Peru), 1847-1851].  pp. Folio (ca. 33x20 cm). Black ink on lined paper; text clean and legible. Original quarter sheep note book with marbled boards; contemporary bookplate on the front pastedown. Housed in a custom made cloth clamshell box with an olive gilt title label on the spine. Hinges cracked, spine partially perished, corners worn, but overall a very good letter book.
Original letter book of noted American naval officer, Amazon explorer and naval hero William Lewis Herndon; it contains the original draft of Herndon’s instructions to the expedition member Lt. Lardner Gibbon regarding his further exploration of the Amazon following their separation at Tarma, Peru on July 1, 1851. The text of the manuscript differs slightly from the one published in volume I of Herndon and Gibbon's “Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon” (Washington, 1854, pp. 33-34), and has some manuscript corrections, which makes it an important historical source.
Herndon assigned Gibbon a different route of discovery so that "while I gave my own personal attention to the countries drained by the upper Marañon, Mr. Gibbon might explore some, and gather all the information he could respecting others, of the Bolivian tributaries of the Amazon." This letter provides Gibbon with guidance as to the route he is to follow and the importance of minimizing risk to himself to ensure that the results of their exploration might be preserved. “Lt. Herndon pushed into the upper Amazon. Lt. Gibbon traveled south through Bolivia and then into the selvas of Brazil. The two groups met in Serpa, Brazil, and then continued down the Amazon River to Para” (Hill 803).
The letter book also contains thirty two letters and documents written on board USS Iris which was under Herndon’s command during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The correspondence is primarily on various day to day issues including the engineering problems and administrative issues. However, also included is a five-page letter dated aboard the Iris at Laguna in March of 1848 to an unidentified recipient, but probably Matthew C. Perry, Commanding the Home Squadron off Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The letter reports the results of Herndon's meetings at Sisal with Military Commandant Don Alonzo Azuar regarding Indian involvement in the conflict, and with the senior Spanish Naval Officer present, Don Francisco Garcia di Salas, commander of the brig Nervian, regarding the landing of guns and munitions.
In 1857, as a captain of the ill-fated U.S. Mail Steamer Central America, Herndon showed the utmost heroism while saving lives of the passengers during the hurricane of Cape Hatteras, having evacuated all women and children. 426 passengers and crew, including Herndon perished with the ship, thus making the wreckage the largest loss of life in a commercial ship disaster in United States history. Herndon's heroism prompted the construction of the Herndon Monument at the U. S. Naval Academy in 1860.
Overall this Letter book represents an important primary source on the history of the US expedition to the Amazon (1851-1852) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).
MERCATOR, Michael (c. 1567-1600)
[Map of the Americas Titled:] America sive India Nova.
Duisburg, ca. 1607. Second Latin Edition. An attractive copper engraved map ca. 36,5x 45,5cm (14 ½ x 18 ½ in). Map age-toned, slightly more around centerfold, but overall a very good strong impression with wide margins.
"After the death of the great Gerard Mercator in 1594 it was left to his son Rumold to publish the last of three parts that formed his famous atlas, the Atlantis Pars Altera. The atlas was finished with a number of maps engraved by various descendants of Gerard. The task of the American map was given to his grandson Michael. The only printed map known to be by him, it is beautifully engraved. It is not well known that he was the engraver of the famous Drake silver medal of 1589. At that time he was resident in London.
It is a hemispherical map contained within an attractive floral design, and surrounded by four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other three contain maps of the gulf of Mexico, Cuba and Hispaniola, all spheres of Spanish influence. The general outline is largely taken from Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little more detail added. A few of the most famous theories are still present: a large inland lake in Canada, two of the four islands of the North Pole, a bulge to the west coast of South America and the large southern continent. It does not show any knowledge of the English in Virginia, which is possibly a reflection of their failure by then. A large St. Lawrence river is shown originating half way across the continent" (Burden 87); Canada 644; Koeman I, 9000:1A; Tooley K-P p. 238-40; Wagner 179.
6. [AMUR - TRANS-SIBERIAN RAILWAY]
[Collection of 77 Original Photographs of Obluchye Station and Village on the Amur Railway taken by a Local Doctor Shortly after the Founding of the Village and in the Last Years of the Railway Construction, with Interesting Images of the Village Hospital, Street and General Views, Railway Under Construction, and others].
Ca. 1912-1914. Oblong Quarto (ca. 20,5x28 cm). 22 card stock leaves with tissue guards. With seventy-seven mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, including over thirty large images ca. 13x17,5 cm (5x7 in), the rest are from ca. 9x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) to ca. 4x8 cm (1 ½ x 3 ¼ in). The majority with period ink captions on the lower margins, seven with ink stamps in Russian (“Obluchye Station” in translation), several titled in negative. Original grey cardboard album with an additional original photo mounted on the front board. Boards worn on extremities and slightly soiled, several photos removed from the album, otherwise a very good collection.
Historically important collection of original photos taken by a doctor from the hospital of the recently founded Obluchye Station on the Amur Railway. It was the last section of the Trans-Siberian Railway, constructed in 1907-1916, and it was at the Obluchye Station that the eastern and the western sections of the Amur Railway came together (in 1914), thus making it possible for the trains to go through.
This album, compiled in 1912-1914, contains a series of interesting and very early views of the Obluchye railway station and village which was founded just a year before (in 1911), including several general views of the village (two dated 1912); two images of railway construction in Obluchye, including the one with the rails in the foreground and the workers cutting through the hilll; views of the village in snow, with the surrounding taiga forest (one titled in Russian and German “Motiv aus der Taiga des Amurgebiets”); a photo of Obluchye laundry facility, and others. Several historically important images show Obluchye hospital: general views (one with the paramedics posing at the entrance), images of the department and barracks for infectionuos diseases, dispensary under construction; one photo of a skull surgery peing performed at the hospital, and others. There are also two interesting views of the admissions departments (priyomny pokoy) of the hospitals in Kimkan and Birakan villages (both located in the Obluchye district on the Trans-Siberian Railway).
The album opens with the portrait of the album compiler shown in his yard, dated “Obluchye, 20 June 1914;” there are also portraits of a Russian lady (apparently, his wife) photographed at the bank of the Khingan River (right tributary of the Amur River); chemist A.N. Kalmykov in his lab; numerous portraits of the doctor’s family in Obluchye; a portrait of a local officer taken on the way from Birakan to Kuldur; two portraits of the doctor and his wife during a visit to Kobe, Japan; group portrait of the local residents titled “Yakov Osipovich Akimov” and others. The album cover features a slightly blurry photo of a steamer “Kolumb” on the way from Pashkovo village (in the Obluchye district, on the bank of the Amur River) to Blagoveshchensk (the same photo is mounted additionally mounted in the album).
Overall a very interesting visual source on the early years of the Amur Railway and pioneer life in the Amur region.
“Obluchye (Russian: Облу́чье) is a town and the administrative center of Obluchensky District in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Russia, located on the Amur River, 159 kilometers (99 mi) west of Birobidzhan, the administrative center of the autonomous oblast. <…> Construction on a section of the Trans-Siberian Railway connecting Chita and Vladivostok began in 1898, starting at each end and meeting halfway. The project produced a large influx of new settlers and in 1911 a village was founded around the Obluchye railway station, the name of which roughly means the route passing around as the railway at this point travels through a large curve around the mountains” (Wikipedia).
“The 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) broad gauge Amur Railway is the last section of the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia, built in 1907-1916. The construction of this railway favoured the development of the gold mining industry, logging, fisheries and the fur trade in Siberia and Russian Far East. In 1914, the western and eastern sections of the Amur Railway came together at the Obluchye railway station, making it possible for trains to go through” (Wikipedia).
7. [ARCTIC - HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY]
CHARLES, John, Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (d. 1849)
[Autograph Letter Signed to Alexander Christie, Chief Factor of the York Factory, Reporting of the Brigade’s Affairs Before Leaving Norway House to Fort Chipewyan for the Season].
Norway House, 1 August 1830. Quarto (ca. 25x20 cm). 3 pp. Addressed, sealed and docketed on the last blank page. Fold marks, minor hole on the last page after opening, slightly affecting the text, otherwise a very good legible letter.
An interesting letter from John Charles, a leader of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s Athabasca Brigade and Chief Factor at Fort Chipewyan (1830-1834), written on the eve of the brigade’s departure to the interior for the winter trade. The letter is addressed to Alexander Christie (1792-1872), chief factor of the York Factory, subsequently considered one of the most influential factors of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Charles reports on the departure of the Athabasca Brigade, as well as conditions and supplies at Norway House: “We have now nearly made an end of our Business here and expect to move off at the latest in a Day or so. Our four Boats for Athabasca were away Yesterday with an Ample Supply for the Season to meet all Demands. The Goods forwarded by Messrs. Meler & Hargrave for the Men’s Equipment were most ample <…> the Men appear quite Satisfied with these Advances, which are the best they ever got.”He hopes that when “the Athabasca Brigade will henceforth return from the Plain [?], if we could have a Building of some kind erected for transacting our Business it will be of great Advantage, for at present the want of Sufficient Room even to make a temporary Shop, creates much Inconvenience, and I may add not a little Confusion. I would also be obliged to you to give Orders to have the Boats built for us at this Place, for the New Boats brought from the other Places we generally get the Worst.” Charles reports that “in order to prevent too much of some Articles and too little of others being forwarded for Men’s Equipment next Spring, I have made out a Requisition, both for Advances and Outfit, which if it can be complied with will be fully Sufficient.” He also complains of hard conditions on the Winter Road, resulting in sickness and injury among the Indian accompanying the brigade. Overall a very interesting informative letter.
8. [ATLAS OF THE WORLD]
PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83-ca 168 AD)
Geographiae Universae tum veteris tum novae absolvtissimum opus duobus voluminibus distinctum in quorum priore habentur Cl. Ptolemæi Pelvisiensis Geographicae enarrationis Libri octo. P. I-II.., [Universal Geography..,].
Cologne: Petrus Keschedt, 1597. Second Latin Edition. Quarto, 2 parts in one. [viii], 184, , ; 292 leaves, [28 leaves index]. With two elaborately engraved title-pages with oval cartouches within engraved allegorical borders and 63 full-page engraved maps printed on rectos or versos of letterpress. Bound without the double page world map (after Rumold Mercator) often found bound in after p. 28 in part 2, but with no trace that it was ever present. Period full vellum with manuscript title in ink on spine. New endpapers and text mildly age toned throughout, otherwise in very good original condition.
"Second edition of Ptolomy's Geographia edited by Giovanni Magnini which was first published in Venice 1596. The maps are exact copies of Girolamo Porro's maps used for the first edition and later Venetian editions. This is the issue without the colophon at the end of the "Index" (corresponding with a copy at Harvard)" (Sothebys); Alden & Landis 597/57; Phillips 404 (issue with colophon); Sabin 66493n and 43822; Shirley 201-204.
9. [AUSTRALIA - SYDNEY]
ASHTON, Sir John William (Australian, 1881-1963)
[SYDNEY HARBOUR: Watercolour Signed with Initials and Dated "W.A. 98" (lower right)].
1898. Watercolour ca. 24x33 cm (9 ½ x 13 in). Watercolour in very good condition. Recently matted.
This atmospheric attractive watercolour shows the Sydney waterfront with a docked sailing vessel in the foreground. The prolific artist produced many landscapes of Australia as well as of Europe and the Middle East and travelled widely in his life. "Sir John William "Will" Ashton OBE, ROI was a British-Australian artist and Director of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales from 1937 to 1945" (Wikipedia).
[A Collection of Five Attractive Original Early Unsigned Watercolours of Australia Including Botany Bay, Lake Midgeon, Wagga-Wagga; Tamar River, Tasmania (x2) and the Title of the Collection "Homeward Bound"].
Ca. 1870. Four album oblong folio leaves. The five mounted watercolours each ca. 16x29 cm (6 ½ x 11 ½ in) or slightly smaller, with pencil captions on mounts. Mounts with a couple of minor marginal tears, but otherwise a very good collection.
An attractive collection of scenic watercolours of colonial Australia. The Botany Bay (Sydney) view shows the bay with a steam ship moored at a pier. The Lake Midgeon view shows a homestead in the background with a lake (Midgeon) and a bridge in the foreground. Today Lake Midgeon has dried up and is now Mejum Swamp. The first Tamar River view shows a steam and sail ship while the second view is purely a river view.
[FORMEY, Jean Henry Samuel] (1711-1797)
[Berlin Academy of Sciences] Histoire de l'Academie Royale des Sciences et Belles Lettres depuis son origine jusqu'a present. Avec les Pieces Originales.
Berlin: Haude & Spener, 1750. First Edition. Quarto. , 258, [1 - errata] pp. Title page printed in black and red, with copper engraved vignette; two folding copper engraved plates by Schleuen. Period ink inscription on first pastedown endpaper. Period light blue papered boards with paper label with ink manuscript title on the spine. Binding faded and weak at hinges, spine with a crack on the rear hinge, but overall a very good internally clean copy with wide margins.
First and only edition commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, founded on 11 July 1700. Published on approval of the Academy’s President Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, the book contains an overview of the Academy’s history, eulogies to several noted academicians, and “Pieces originales” - texts of ten original documents related to the Academy’s foundation and history. The last part contains three lists of Academy members showing its development in 1700-1712, 1744 and 1750. The plates depict commemorative medals issued by the Academy, and the title vignette shows an eagle, which is still present on the logo of "Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences". Very good uncut copy of this important book.
12. [BRITISH COLUMBIA - ALERT BAY & PORT SIMPSON]
[Album of 78 Original Photographs Titled:] Photographs Taken on the tour Throughout Canada, of Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, During the Period May to October 1912.
1912. Oblong Large Octavo (ca. 14,5x22 cm). Seventy-eight gelatin silver prints each ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). All with captions in typewritten descriptive text. Period black pebbled morocco album. Front cover hinge with tape repair but overall a very good album with sharp images.
This photo album documents the cross-Canada tour of the then Governor General of Canada, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850-1942) and the Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn (Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia). These skilled sharp amateur images candidly and captivatingly show the places visited on the tour and include views of: Montreal (5); Niagara Falls (5); Quebec (2); CPR (7); Halifax (6); Saskatoon (1); Allan, Sask. (2); Calgary (Stampede) (3); Cochrane, Alberta (3); Banff (9); Rocky Mountains (11); Lake Louise (6); Nanaimo (1); Prince Rupert (4); Port Simpson (5); Alert Bay (7); Indian Head, Sask. (1).
[Album with Two Large Photo Panoramas of Budapest, Titled:] Budapest.
Budapest: Calderoni es Tarsa, ca. 1910. Oblong Folio (ca. 27,5x33 cm). Two large albumen print panoramas mounted on card, ca. 19x166,5 cm (7 ½ x 65 ¼ in) and ca. 19x137,5 cm (7 ½ x 54 ¼ in). The smaller panorama signed and captioned in negative (R.J.D.). Original red publisher’s cloth album with gilt stamped title and publisher’s name on the front cover. Mounts with mild staining, right lower corner of the second mount detached and neatly reassembled, cover slightly rubbed on extremities, but the panoramas are strong and bright. Overall very good panoramas.
Attractive album with two panoramas of central Budapest, namely of its historical parts Buda and Pest, located accordingly on the west and east banks of Danube. The panorama of Buda stretches from the Citadella on the left to the north of the city, with majestic Buda Castle and Chain Bridge in the centre. The embankment in shown in great detail, with numerous barges docked near it. A slightly smaller panorama of Pest taken from above, gives a city overview from the Margaret Bridge to the Elizabeth Bridge, with the Chain Bridge and Saint Stephen’s Basilika in the centre. The Hungarian Parliament building is seen on the left. This panorama is signed in negative “R.J.D.” and has captions in Hungarian and German, namely: Margitsziget/Margarethen Insel, Orszaghas/ Parlament, Lanczhid/ Kettelbrücke, Basilika; Fovardsi Vigado/ Städt Redoute. Overall a very good album.
14. [CALIFORNIA - SAN FRANCISCO & YOSEMITE GRANT]
[A Collection of Fifteen Early Albumen Photographs of California and Nevada].
Ca. 1872. 6 beige album leaves. Fifteen loosely inserted (on album leaves) albumen prints ca. 7,5x11,5 cm (3 x 4 ½ in) to 7,5x7,5 cm (3x3 in). Majority captioned in manuscript brown ink on album leaves. Overall very good strong images.
Four images document San Francisco in the early 1870s, just as it began to transform into a major city. Additionally, seven images document the newly created Yosemite Grant (1864).
The views in this collection include: Rounding Cape Horn, Cal. 2500 feet; Wells Fargo & Co, Express Office. Virginia City Nevada; Section of the Original Big Tree, Calveras County; Grand Hotel, Market Street & New Montgomery, San Francisco; Looking S., from corner of Powell and Pine Streets; The city from Russian Hill, Goat Island in the Distance; Seal Rock; Yosemite Valley; Inspiration Point, from the Mariposa Trail; El Capitan 3,300 feet; Bridal Veil Falls, total Height 900 feet; Yosemite Fall, 2,600 feet; Vernal Fall (400 feet) & Nevada Fall (600 feet) from Glacier Point.
15. [CALIFORNIA - SAN FRANCISCO]
[Original Photograph Panorama of San Francisco From Russian Hill Looking Towards the Bay in Four Parts].
Ca. 1890. A gelatin silver print in four joined parts in total ca. 14x73,5 cm (5 ½ x 29 in). Photograph mounted on linen and with some mild creases but overall a very good strong image.
This panorama shows San Francisco in the 1890s, which was by then a city of 300,000 people, and how it looked before its devastation by the 1906 earthquake.
16. [CALIFORNIA & COLORADO]
[Album of 45 Original Photographs of California and Colorado].
Ca. 1890. Oblong Quarto (19x26 cm). 25 stiff card leaves. With 45 mounted albumen and gelatin silver photographs each ca. 12,5x18 cm (5x7 in), many captioned in negative or in pencil on mounts. Period full black cloth album with blind stamped borders and gilt titled "Photographs" on front cover. The images generally strong and sharp, the album with some minor wear of extremities and some mild foxing of mounts, but overall in very good condition.
The interesting images in this album include Santa Barbara (2): panorama, Old Mission; Monterey (13): tennis courts, gardens, coastline, old mission, town view, etc.; Santa Cruz (2): Forest; Garden of the Gods and Pike's Peak (27): Siamese Twins, Monument Park, Cathedral Spires, Gates Ajar, Currecanti Needle, Royal Gorge, Pike's Peak, Seal and Bear, Vulcan's Anvil, Pike's Peak Trail, Chipeta Falls, Black Canon, Tunnel #1, Marshall Pass and Mt. Ouray, Red Cliff Canon, Gateway, Mushrooms, Royal Gorge at the Iron Bridge, Suspended Bridge in the Royal Gorge, Castle Gate, The Portal of the Grand River Canon, Across Royal Gorge, Mount of the Holy Cross, Colorado Springs, Lion and Camels, Balanced Rock, Aunt Dinah, etc. Some of the photographs are signed by Johnson, Hook, W.H.S. & Co., Denver, Grove, Perkins, etc.
[BAEGERT, Johann Jakob] (1717-1772)
Nachrichten von der Amerikanischen Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebet hat. [News from the American Peninsula California..,]
Mannheim: Churfürstl. Hof- und Academie-Buchdruckerey, 1773. Second Edition (With Corrections). Small Octavo. [xvi], 358 pp. With one copper engraved folding map and two copper engraved plates on one leaf. Recent handsome period style brown gilt tooled half sheep with marbled boards and a red gilt title label. Some leaves with very mild browning, otherwise a very good copy.
"Baegert, a German Jesuit missionary and resident of Baja California for eighteen years, wrote an interesting but by no means glowing account of the natives and of the country. He served at the mission of San Luis Gonzaga. The map is most helpful in giving the location of the many Jesuit missions in Lower California. It also shows the route along the west coast of Mexico followed by Baegert in going to California in 1751, and his route out in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits. The two plates, which are not found with all copies, depict California natives"(Hill 46); Barrett 129;"According to his accounts the country was absolutely unfitted for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by inhospitable and cruel savages; water was unfit for use; wood was scarce; and the soil would not sustain life" (Cowan p.27); Graff 137; Howgego B1; Howes B29; Sabin 4363 "Some corrections made [in the second edition)" (Streeter IV 2442); Wagner 157.
AYMERICH, Joseph Gaudérique (1858-1937)
[Original French Manuscript of Aymerich’s Book “La conquête du Cameroun, 1er août 1914-20 février 1916” (Paris, 1933), with Seven Additional Maps not Present in the Printed Edition, Supplemented with Five Lectures on the French Colonization of North and West Africa in 1880-1900s, Read by Aymerich at the Academie du Var Society in the 1920s; With a Historical Overview of the Defense by the French of Fort du Camp des Romains south of Saint-Mihiel (Lorrain) in September 1914].
N.p., n.d. [ca. 1925]. Folio (ca. 34x22 cm). T.p., 269 numbered pages. Blue ink on lined paper; text clean and legible, occasional pencil and ink manuscript corrections in text. With 22 manuscript ink maps in text, several partly hand coloured. Original note book with marbled boards and cloth spine; paper label with manuscript ink title on the front board. With a hand drawn plan of Brazzaville (Republic of Congo), ca. 14x21 cm loosely inserted at rear. Paper slightly age toned, the notebook loose on hinges and rubbed on extremities, spine with minor tears; but overall a very good manuscript.
Important and extensive manuscript, illustrated with twenty-two hand drawn charts, by General Joseph Aymerich, Commandant-superior of French Equatorial Africa (AEF) in 1913-1916 and the administrator of French Cameroons in 1916. Most of the text (pp. 1-179) is occupied with the original manuscript of Aymerich’s book “La conquête du Cameroun, 1er août 1914-20 février 1916” (Paris, 1933, with 9 maps). Divided into 16 chapters, it contains a detailed account of the Kamerun Campaign of WW1 – the invasion of German Kamerun by the Allied forces in August 1914 - February 1916. An Anglo-French column landed in Douala (1914), and by 1916 reached the new capital of the colony in Jaunde where it met with the English and Belgian columns coming from Nigeria and Congo. When the Germans were expelled from the colony, the territory was divided between France (nine-tenths) and England.
Among the chapters are: Opening of the Hostilities, Early Success, M'Birou Massacre. - Operations on Various Fronts. – Capture of Nola, N'Zimou Combat, Rapid Advances of the Lobaye Column. - Defense Council of 6 February 1915, First Conference of Douala. - Interruption of Expeditionary Operations, Misunderstandings. - Second Conference of Douala, General Offensive Plan for October 1915. - My Journey, Arrival to Doumé, Operations of detachment of East Kamerun to Nanga Eboko. - Fierce Struggle around Mugan-Si, Gathering of the Allied forces in Jaunde. - Continuation of the Hostilities, Occupation of Ebolowa. - Junction with South Columns, Retreat of Germans to the Neutral Territory, End of the Campaign. - Organization of the Country, Anglo-French Demarcation of the Area.
The manuscript is illustrated with thirteen hand drawn maps, including six later reproduced in the printed edition, and seven unpublished. Among the unpublished maps are: sketch of N'Zimou; plan of fights near Ebom and M'Boulenzork (26 October 1914); large maps of the operations of the Lobave and Sangha column (August-December 1914); map of the advance of the Expeditionary corps in June 1915; map of the combined advance to Jaunde in October 1915 – January 1916; and a map of the operations under command of Nord, Brinet and Cunlif.
The second part is titled “Fragments of the Colonial epic” (pp. 183-253) and consists of 5 chapters: 1) Our civilizing influence in Africa; 2) A mission to Fouta Djallon in 1888-89 (Guinea, West Africa, with a map); 3) Military operations against the Baoule people in 1900-1 (Ivory Coast, with 4 maps); 4) The drama of Mayjirgui (description of the tragedy during the French military expedition to Lake Chad in 1898 under command of captain Voulet, near the village of Maijirgui, Niger; with 2 maps); 5) Two months in the Sahara (account of a travel from Agadez to Zinder (both in Niger, Southern Sahara) in 1904, with a map). The first three texts are excerpts from communications or lectures at the Academy of Var (Toulon) in 1923 and 1924. Finally, the last part (pp. 255-265) under the title "The Agony of a fortress (Le Camp des Romains)" recounts the heroic resistance of the French troops besieged by the Germans in a fort located south of Saint-Mihiel (Meuse, Lorraine) between 23 and September 25, 1914. The narration is illustrated by a plan of the Meuse heights and the Woëvre plain. The manuscript is supplemented with a detailed table of contents at rear and a hand drawn plan of Brazzaville (the capital of French Equatorial Africa in 1910-1958, now the capital of the Republic of Congo) loosely inserted at the end.
19. [CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY]
[Historically Important Album with Fourteen Original Watercolours of South Eastern British Columbia Including the Canadian Pacific Railway Titled on the Spine:] B.C. & C.P.R. Album.
1886. Oblong Folio (ca. 29x40 cm). Fourteen album leaves with fourteen mounted watercolours ca. 20,5x31 cm (8 x 12½ in.) and slightly smaller, all titled and two dated. Recent period style blue half morocco album with cloth boards, spine with raised bands and gilt lettered title. A very good album with beautiful watercolours.
Attractive album with fourteen watercolours of south-eastern British Columbia including the Canadian Pacific Railway including:
1) Moberly Peak. - 1st Columbia Crossing. - Kicking Horse Pass; 2) Moberly Peak. - Mouth of Kicking Horse Pass. - Rocky Mountains. -Valley of Columbia, Selkirks. Columbia R.; 3) Graves alongside the dump. C.P.R.; 4) C.P.R. Snow Sheds in the Mountains.; 5) Kicking Horse Pass. Canadian Pacific Railway; 6) Packing over the Mountains; 7) Selkirks from high ground near "1st crossing of Columbia R.;" 8) Bit of the Rockies near mouth of Blackberry R. - Columbia R. In foreground; 9) Going down the Columbia - Oct. 1886; 10) On the Columbia R.; 11) Law’s Ranche - Head of Columbia River Oct. 1886; 12) Engineers Office - Gaol - Court House - Stoess[Stores?]; 13) Landing at Golden City - Columbia River; 14) Kicking Horse River - Selkirk Range - Golden City (Pig - Queens Hotel - R. Lang's Store - Pat's House). Peacock was no doubt one of the transcontinental passengers who travelled and documented the C.P.R. In 1886, the first year of its operation. "The last spike in the CPR was driven on 7 November 1885, by one of its directors, Donald Smith, but so many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition (part of this was due to snow in the mountains and lack of snow sheds to keep the line open).., The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street at 8 pm on 28 June 1886, and arrived at Port Moody at noon on 4 July 1886" (Wikipedia).
20. [CAPE HORN]
[Manuscript Ship's Journal Titled:] Journal of the Barque Barbara of Bristol, Kept by John Pope, 2nd Officer, April 13 to September 10, 1869, and December 18,1869 to September 10, 1870. Captain Watts Commanding.
Folio (32x20 cm). Unpaginated ca. 100 pages of manuscript entries. Manuscript brown ink on blue lined wove paper. Written in a legible hand. Period green half cloth with marbled boards. Covers worn with corners slightly chipped and hinges cracked, some leaves loose but still a good journal.
Interesting logs of a voyage from the Andaman Islands around the Horn to Bristol in 1869 and then a second voyage from Bristol to the Gulf of Guinea, where the ship traded along the coasts of Ghana and Nigeria. Although the surf boats are constantly busy trading on shore, the only named cargo is puncheons of “oil”. “Passengers” are taken aboard, who hire the ship for short trips up and down the coast. The logs are detailed with latitude, longitude, weather and wind conditions given and also action packed with accounts of daily happenings and include a tumultuous rounding of the Horn in July 1869. On the second voyage, morale quickly breaks down in the monotony of the African coasting trade. The Captain accuses Pope of sleeping while on watch and calls him a cur, then needs his help when a semi-mutiny erupts. Later, a knife fight permanently disables one of the crew members.
21. [CAPE HORN]
[WALKER, Henry, Captain]
[Manuscript Journal of the Ship Ida From Boston Voyage to Valparaiso, San Blas, Guayaquil and back to Boston in 1821-23, Titled]: Journal kept on board the Ship Ida of Boston <...> from Boston towards N.W. Coast of America.
[Primarily at sea], 1821-1823. Folio (31x19 cm).  pp. With two manuscript deeds, and four other sheets of manuscript laid in. Period brown quarter sheep with marbled boards, housed in a new light brown cloth clamshell box with green gilt lettered sheep label. Rubbed at extremities, lightly soiled. Some minor scattered foxing, else text is clean and very legible. Deeds chipped and lightly foxed. Old fold lines; one reinforced along folds, the other with a hole one inch by two, affecting text. Overall a very good manuscript.
The journal details Ida’s voyage in 1821-23 from Boston to San Blas in Mexico around Cape Horn, with stops in Valparaiso (Chile) and Guayaquil (Ecuador), and the return journey to the United States. The voyage went in several stages: at first, from Boston to Valparaiso (December 7th, 1821 - February 14th, 1822); then after a two-month furlough from Valparaiso to San Blas (April 12th - May 24th, 1822); then back to South America, to Guayaquil (August 2nd - September 4th of the same year); from there back to Valparaiso (October 11th - November 24th, 1822), and a return journey to the US (June 1st - July 6th, 1823).
The journal methodically records the nautical details of Ida’s voyage: wind and weather conditions, daily mileage, speed of the ship each hour, latitude and longitude, and geographical objects encountered and passed on the way. Captain Walker notes that he departed on the Ida from Boston harbor "with a heavy heart and thoughts of home," crossed the Equator on the 30th of December, and the next day passed the archipelago of Fernando Noronha (354 km offshore from the Brazilian coast). On the 25th of January she passed the Falkland Islands, and went through the Drake Passage: along Terra del Fuego "for eight leagues making in sharp peaks like steeples," Staten Land (Isla de los Estados) and Diego Ramirez Islands. On the 4th of February Ida rounded Cape Horn, and on that day Walker "saw a Rain Bow at midnight caused by the moon", two days later he observed a moon eclipse. Santiago’s port San Antonio was sighted on the 13th of February, and the next day Ida arrived in Valparaiso.
During the sailing to San Blas Walker noted the ship passing the Galapagos Islands, Cabo Corrientes (Mexico) et al; on return journey to Guayaquil - Islas Marias (Mexico) and Isla de la Plata (Ecuador). Ida arrived to Puna island at the head of Gulf of Guayaquil on the 4th of September. On the way back to Valparaiso she passed Juan Fernandez Island and stayed in port San Antonio, at the mouth of Maipo River for several days. During this part of the voyage Ida got caught in many storms, the note from 24th of October witnesses "Strong gales, squalls and rough sea; ship requires pumping every two hours."
The journal contains an impressive entry describing the Valparaiso earthquake on the 20th of November 1822: "At 11 P.M. We was sudenly [sic] alarmed by a violent shock that effected the ship as if she had struck the bottom, all hands sprung on deck and cried out the ship ashore...on reflection knew it was impossible for her to have struck any bottom in so heavy a sea as was on at the time without bilging the bottom in. I then thought of a wreck of a vessel but lastly I imputed it to an earth quake." Aftershocks wrack the sea periodically for the next few days. On the 22nd of November they got word about the effects of the quake: "They <..,> informed us that there had been a heavy shock of an earth quake on shore and that Valparaiso had been nearly destroyed and had lost 23 lives in the fall of a Castle. St. Jago & several of the towns in the interior had suffered severely the inhabitants about the sea coast fled to the mountains for safety fearing that the sea would flow in upon them, animals of every kind on shore appeared to be affected by the shock."
There is also an interesting note about the ship Emerald of London coming from New South Wales to Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of oil which Ida encountered in the South Atlantic on the 20th of January, 1822. She provided Emerald with provisions, including "6 barrels of flour, 6 of beef, one of pork and two of bread and two cases of gin," but the next day the sailors "found a strange man on board that had secreted himself under one of the forecastle berths; he said he came from the Emerald in the second boat - he is supposed to be a convict from New Holland." No hint is given as to the fate of the stowaway. The journal also keeps track of wildlife seen at sea, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, flying fish, and albatrosses, boobies and various other birds.
One of the later notes records the sale of Ida: "I was informed by Capt. Scott that the ship Ida was sold this day" (1st of March, 1823). There is no record of the interim period, and Walker's entries are both brief and incomplete about a return journey to Boston in summer 1823. There are notes in a later hand throughout the volume which give pieces of information about Walker, and a paragraph on the last page gives an account of Walker's return, indicating that Walker returned on a whaling vessel to Nantucket and thence to Boston.
The two deeds pertain to land. They are marked as "Deed, Walker to Woodbury," and "Nancy Walker's share in the estate of Luke Woodbury - Copy." The other manuscript sheets are in the same later hand as in the journal and elaborate further on Walker's life and career.
Overall an interesting collection related to 19th century US commercial maritime voyages.
22. [CARIBBEAN TRADE]
[Archive of Over Fifty Documents Relating to the Final Days of the British Schooner "Lima"].
1865. About 50 documents in about 75 pages. The documents in the archive are generally in very good condition, however the auction broadsides printed on poor paper though still readable have many chips and are in poor condition.
In October 1865, the 110 ton British merchant schooner “Lima” encountered heavy weather en route from New York and put into St. Thomas in the West Indies in a damaged condition. Ultimately the cargo was removed and sold, and the ship was condemned and the hull and fittings sold at auction for $764.14.This archive documents the schooner’s final days. It includes shipping manifests of the last cargo, surveys, an instrument of protest, pertinent invoices and bills, insurance forms, correspondence regarding the incident, shipping articles, crew list, and two auction broadsides for the sale of the hulk and fittings. Overall an interesting and unusual archive documenting mid 19th century commercial shipping in the Caribbean.
23. [CAUCASUS - BORJOMI]
[Album with 34 Original Photographs of the Famous Georgian Resort Borjomi and Its Environs, Including the Romanov Palace in Likani, Borjomi Cargo Railway Station, Saw Mill, Sanatorium of Dr. Hambachidze, Tabatskuri Lake, and Others].
Ca. 1900s. Oblong Quarto (ca. 18,5x24 cm). Thirty-four gelatin silver prints mounted on recto of card stock leaves, images ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in) or slightly smaller. About a dozen with later ink captions on the mounts in Russian. Original beige full cloth album with a painted scene in oil (depicting a Georgian village at night) on the front cover. The binding weak on hinges, leaves disconnected at one joint, but the images are bright and sound. Overall a very good album.
Interesting historically important collection of original photographs of turn of the 20th century Borjomi – then the estate of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich Romanov (1832-1909) and a favourite summer resort of the Russian aristocracy. The pictures were taken by a local resident and at different times ranger of the Imperial forest and manager of the Borjomi sawmill. Several images bear handwritten commentaries by his son or daughter, e.g. “Papa in the Mineral Park [of Borjomi],” “Mama on the path to Likani on the other bank of the Kura River,” “Mama on the opposite side of the Starokavalerskaya Hotel,” “[Mama and Papa] in Tori (behind Bakuriani, in the now closed forestry; could be reached by an araba carriage only),” and others.
The sharp well preserved images include general views of the Borjomi Gorge and the city itself with the mansions on the banks of the Kura River and the Olga Bridge, images of the famous palace of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich in Likani (built in Moorish style in 1892-1895, there is a general view of the palace and a view of the duck pond), four views of Borjomi sawmill on the bank of the Black River taken from above (with various facilities and piles of wooden logs and planks), Borjomi cargo station of the narrow gauge Barjomi-Bakuriani railway (constructed in 1898-1901), sanatorium of Doctor Hambachidze (with a large painted sign “Sanatorium Dr. Hambachdze. 1904” on the roof), Tabatskuri Lake (located between Borjomi and Akhalkalaki districts in Samtskhe-Javakheti region), and others. There are also several portraits of local residents and family friends identified by the child of the album’s compiler: “Administrator of the Borjomi Estate before Vinogradov – Gets,” “Ivan Iosiphovich Roshchin and his wife Zinaida Konstantinovna (a forest ranger before Papa, he lived in our apartment),” “Ernest Vladimirovich Ramm with his wife, the manager of the sawmill before Papa, he lived behind the sawmill,” “Our last apartment (before the renovation), on the balcony – a hunter Karl Vladimirovich Ramm.” Overall an important visual source on the topography and history of pre-revolutionary Borjomi.
“The viceroy Mikhail Vorontsov, fascinated by local landscape and mineral waters, made Borjomi his summer residence and refurnished it with new parks. Its warm climate, mineral water springs, and forests made Borjomi a favorite summer resort for the aristocracy, and gave it its popular name of "the pearl of Caucasus". In the 1860s, new hotels were built, and an administration for mineral waters was established. In 1871, Borjomi was bestowed upon the royal family member, Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayvich, then the viceroy of the Caucasus. In the 1890s, Mikhail’s son, Nikolay, built a park and a chateau at Likani, at the western end of Borjomi. The bottled mineral waters began to be extensively exported. The town grew significantly at the expanse of Russian migrants and, in 1901, the number of ethnic Russian inhabitants (2,031) outstripped the native Georgians (1,424) for the first time” (Wikipedia).
24. [CEYLON (SRI LANKA)]
[A Collection of Nineteen Early Original Albumen Photographs of Ceylon].
Ca. 1872. 9 beige album leaves. Nineteen loosely inserted (on album leaves) albumen prints ca. 14x22 cm (5 ½ x 8 ½ in.) to 6,5x9 cm (2 ½ x 3 ½ in). Majority captioned in manuscript brown ink on album leaves. Overall very good strong images.
The interesting views in this collection include images of: Galle Harbour; A Coffee Estate; Oriental Hotel, Galle; Point de Galle; Snake Charmers; Taming the Elephant; Street Group, Bamboo; Cocoa-nut oil making; Traveller's Palm; Bridge of a Morowa Castle; Bopa Bridge; view 3 miles along the Colombo Road; Part of Candy; also boats, local domestic scenes etc.
[Historically Significant and Important Period Manuscript Report of the Naval and Military Actions in Chile and Peru]: Estado que en el dia de la fecha tiene el Vireinato de Lima; Provincias del de Buenos Ayres recuperadas y concervadas por el Ejercito del alto Peru; y finalmente en el que ce halla el Reyno de Chile [The State at this date of the Viceroyalty of Lima, the Provinces of Buenos Aires, taken back by the Army of Alto Peru; and finally the State of the Kingdom of Chile].
Lima, 1 November 1818. Small folio (ca. 31x21 cm). 6 pp. Brown ink on laid paper with watermarks ‘A’ and ‘PLA’. Text in Spanish in legible hand writing. Later marbled paper wrappers. Manuscript in very good condition.
Historically significant and important period report of the final stage of the Chilean (1810-1826) and Peruvian (1811-1824) Wars of Independence, compiled by Spanish colonial authorities. Our copy apparently belonged to Joaquín de la Pezuela, 1st Marquis of Viluma (1761–1830) who was a viceroy of Peru during the War of Independence: there is a handwritten remark “Es copia Pezuela” in the end of the text.
The document is divided into three parts (“Vireinato de Lima”, “Egéreito del Perú”, and “Reyno de Chile”) and starts with the report of advance of the Royalist forces (3400 men under command of General Mariano de Osorio) from Callao to Talcahuano in order to regain Chile. Then follow the descriptions of Battle of Cancha Rayada (18 March 1818), Battle of Maipú (5 April 1818), San Martín’s famous Crossing of the Andes (January-February 1817) et al. A large part of the text is dedicated to the actions of the Royalists’ army in Alto Peru under command of José de la Serna e Hinojosa (1770-1832). The author reports on the numbers of armed forces in different provinces of the Vireinato de Lima and gives a picture of the wartime Peru from north to south.
Very important is the extensive material on the naval war near the coast of Chile and Peru, and the actions of the First Chilean Navy Squadron which was formed in 1817-1818 and eventually “terminated Spanish colonial rule on the south-west coast of South America” (Wikipedia). The report lists 12 vessels of the Royalists’ naval forces (Las fuerzas de mar): frigates Esmeralda, Cleopatra, Presidenta and Venganza, brigantines Pezuela and Potrillo, corvet Sebastiano et al. There are notes on the condition and amount of guns of each vessel. A separate list is dedicated to the enemy vessels and also details their artillery: Lautaro and Cumberland (bought from the British East India Company); corvette Coquimbo (bought from the US), four brigantines, and seven corsairs (Anglo-American and French).
The document reports on the blockade of Valparaiso in March-April 1818, and naval actions, e.g. The attack on Spanish corvette Resolution near Callao by the corsair force consisting of the British, American, Portuguese and Irish sailors (19 October). The text is concluding with the news that the naval reinforcement for the Royalists has departed from Spain: frigate Especulation left Cadiz on the 21st of May with 6 officials and 200 men from the Regiment of Cantabria, a part of a larger force which will embark in Callao and will go immediately to reinforce the army of Alto Peru. Frigate Maria Isabel will increase the maritime forces destined to blockade Valparaiso. The author has no doubt that “Our maritime force should succeed in destroying the rebels and will give us advantage in the reconquista de Chile”.
26. [CIRCUMNAVIGATION -AUSTRALIA, HAWAII & CALIFORNIA]
ARMSTRONG, Thomas Henry, Captain (d. at Sea Oct. 1852)
[Extensive Archive of Over Eighty Items Relating to the Three-Year Maiden Circumnavigation Voyage of the Nova Scotia Bark "Avondale"].
1849-52. The items in this archive are overall in very good condition.
A remarkable and extensive archive of bills of lading, purchase receipts, shipping documents, pay ledgers, harbor masters’ certificates and other official documents which chronicle the voyage of Captain Thomas Henry Armstrong as he circumnavigated the globe between 1849 and 1852 in his merchant bark the “Avondale.” The three year voyage took Armstrong from Nova Scotia to Liverpool, Melbourne, Sydney, San Francisco, Honolulu, Valparaiso, Montevideo, New Orleans and back to Nova Scotia. Tragically, Captain Armstrong died at sea in October 1852 during the final leg of the voyage from New Orleans to Nova Scotia. His wife Melinda’s mourning brooch with a tintype of Captain Armstrong is included in this archive as well as a daguerreotype of him. Melinda is part of the Mounce family, a family of notable Avondale ship builders.
The collection also includes: A receipt from Oct. 1849 for duty paid in Windsor, Nova Scotia on the newly built bark "Avondale;" Mariners tickets including persons with distinguishing features such as "Crooked Nose" and "Growing Boy;" Many purchase receipts; A ink sketch of most likely the "Avondale;" Fifteen items (July & August 1850) from Australia (Melbourne and Sydney) mainly receipts (including one for charts of the Northern Pacific) and a printed leaf "Code of Signals, in Use at Melbourne;" Ten items (Nov. 1850 - March 1851) from the first call in San Francisco, mainly receipts including one from the "Alta California Newspaper" for an ad that the "Avondale" was sailing for Panama; Six items relating to the "Avondale's" first call in Montevideo Aug. 1851; Four items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Honolulu in Nov. 1851 including a printed pictorial letterhead certificate of clearance; Five items from the second call in San Francisco Dec. 1851 & Jan. 1852; Sixteen items relating to the "Avondale's" stay in Valparaiso April 1852; Three items relating to the "Avondale's" second call in Montevideo May & June 1852; a letter from Armstrong's bother dated 10th of October, 1852, answering his brother's letter from the 15th of Sept. 1852 and addressed to New Orleans. A rare collection of ephemera documenting in detail a mid-19th century trading circumnavigation.
[Contemporary Manuscript Account of an English Lady’s Trip to Dublin in 1823, with a Description of the Dublin Suburb of Howth, Dublin streets, Cabs and Carts, Beggars, Irish Manners and Ways of Dealing with People, Clothes et al.].
Ca. 1830s. Folio (ca. 33x21 cm). 6 leaves fastened with a string, with 11 numbered pages of manuscript text. Brown ink on laid paper with the Britannia and “1834” watermarks. The first leaf headed “In 1823.” Fold marks, paper slightly soiled, otherwise a very good manuscript written in a legible hand.
Interesting account of a trip to Dublin apparently written by an English lady (she is addressed as 'Ma'am' and uses the colloquial 'paddy' to describe an Irishman), and addressed to one of her friends (there is a direct appeal to her correspondent in the only footnote). The travelling party arrived to Howth and then moved to Dublin, renting the apartments on the Dawson Street, 'one of the most fashionable streets in Dublin.' The narration describes Howth, 'an open space, with only a few, straggling cottages, low, thatched, and very miserable looking, such as one might have expected to see in the wilds of Ireland, but certainly most unlooked for, within a few miles of the Capital.' On the way to Dublin the travellers were 'surrounded by the most wretched looking objects, in absolute rags, without shoes or stockings, & with their long tangled hair flying loose in the wind, loudly vociferating for charity in every possible variety of tone & gesture'. Along the road to Dublin they saw 'dirty thatched cottages with narrow slits instead of windows', and the 'shabby & dilapidated' houses of the gentry. 'The people we met looked untidy & idle. The men in great coats, put on in "honest Thady's" fashion - without their arms in the sleeves - the women enveloped heads and all in large cloth cloaks - these really and bona fide were the better class, we saw nothing else but rags & barefeet'.
The author also describes the 'very amusing phraseology of the Irish', difficulties with lodging houses, manners of Dublin merchants ('you cannot go into the meanest shop, in which they will not tell you with the most satisfied air, that whatever you buy, is the best in Dublin'); dirty appearance of the Irish people, Dublin streets full of people that “are filthy beyond all power of description, not clothed, but rather partially covered with tattered garments made up of every kind of patchwork, these in general hang so loosely on their wretched owners that their skins are covered at every step. These poor creatures are so loathsome, & swarm in such shoals about some of the best and most frequented parts of Dublin, that the pedestrian is constantly shrinking back in horror, & not without a degree of compunction at being thus obliged to loathe his own kind'. The beggars who 'seem almost to have given up their claim to the rank of human beings, & who it is worthy of remark seldom or never solicit charity from any of their country people as if utterly hopeless of relief', are contrasted with 'elegant figures dressed in the height of fashion, in the richest silks & satins, trimmed with the costliest sables & ermines'.
There is also a description of “the enormous quality of pigs” that inhabit Dublin streets; “the Irish - not satisfied with their ordinary squealing & grunting, have a barbarous custom which is astonishing in a civilized country. They cut the ears of the poor animals which are sold, by way of distinction, so that one's senses are constantly sickened by droves of these creatures stumbling over the stones, & bleeding as if they had just made their escape from the slaughter house - It is not uncommon to see a Cart load or two of Potatoes emptied out in the middle of a street & a fine drove of some hundreds of fat pigs feeding in profusion'.
The final part of the manuscript is dedicated to the Irish 'national vehicle' - 'The jaunting car;' types of carts, manners of cabmen, and ways of calculating payment, 'You must never ask a Car driver or a Hackney coachman his fare - but find out the customary price & offer it, they will not often dispute, but if you shew the least uncertainty about their due they will ask double and triple the amount'.
Overall an interesting firsthand account of Dublin in the Regency era revealing the existing arrogance of the British upper class to the Irish people, a sign of discrimination of Ireland as a part of the United Kingdom which would result in the Irish independence movement.
28. [EGYPT - NILE VOYAGE]
MONK, Charles James (1824-1900)
[Collection of Five Autograph Letters Signed From Charles Monk to his Mother and Sister, Written during his Travels up and down the Nile, With Interesting Notes on the Temples and Sites Visited, Latest Events in Egypt, His Dragoman and the Boat Crew, Hunting Trips, Other European and American Travellers on the Nile et al.].
Kenneh, Thebes, Cairo, on board French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 1848-1849. Five Autograph Letters Signed, all Quarto (from ca. 26,5x21,5 cm to ca. 24,5x20 cm). Brown ink on white or blueish paper. In total 19 pp. of text. Each letter addressed and with postal and quarantine stamps on the 4th page, four letters numbered from 50 to 53 in the upper left corners of the first leaves. Fold marks, paper mildly age toned, four letters with minor holes on the margins of the second leaves after opening, affecting several letters or words, one letter with minor tears on fold, affecting several letters, but overall a very good collection.
Important collection of original letters written by British politician Charles James Monk during his travel to Asia Minor and Egypt in 1848-1849 shortly after his graduation from Cambridge. The letters describe Monk’s travels along the Nile and give a valuable private commentary to his printed account “The Golden Horn and Sketches is Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria, and the Hauraan” (London, 1851, 2 vols.). Monk arrived in Alexandria in the beginning of October 1848 and proceeded to Cairo from where he sailed up the Nile turning back at the second cataract near Wadi Halfa in the end of November. Two letters were written during the trip in Upper Egypt – in Thebes and Kenneh. Monk talks about sites visited, his Dragoman and the crew of his boat, travel companion and other European and American travel groups in Egypt, excessive heat and flies, his numerous hunting trips when he shot among others several plovers, pigeons, a “splendid solan goose,” and a crocodile; cheap prices for local eggs and bread; mentions the death of the Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt (1789-1848); the election of Louis Napoleon the President of the French Republic and shares his plans for the further travel to Sinai, Palestine and Syria. The last letter written at the end of the travel contains a critique on Alphonse de Lamartine’s book “Voyage en Orient” (1835).
Later in life Monk became a director of the Suez Canal Company (1884).
Some excerpts from the letters:
1) The Thebaid, Upper Egypt, Kenneh 9 November 1848.
“The waters are now rapidly subsiding, but the breadth of this extraordinary river & the body of water which is spread upon the lands for miles on either side is quite wonderful, when we consider that it is unassisted by any tributary streams. The flies are so annoying that I scarcely have patience to endure them <…> We have fortunately left mosquitoes behind us a little above Cairo <…> our Reis & crew continue to give us satisfaction, but they always have that […?] word “Baksheesh” <…> in their mouths. I have been perfectly well ever since I have been in the Nile, as also has my companion Mr. May. This is the most delightful mode of travelling you can imagine. I am afraid I begin to take a selfish pleasure in it <…> Note that the Nile is falling, the peasants are busy at work with the shadoof raising water for the irrigation of their lands…”
2) Thebes. Upper Egypt. 17 December 1848 & Kenneh 21 December 1848.
“After leaving Kenneh we reached Thebes in two days, spent Sunday on the Western bank, where are the temples of El Koorhen, the Memnonium containing the fallen granite statue of Remeses the Great (1350 B.C.), the largest statue in the world, & that of Medeenet Aboo, & the two Colossal statues in the Plain, one of which is called the vocal Memnon from the circumstance of a sound having come from its mouth every morning at sunrise. From Thebes to Esouan, the first cataract we were about a week. The falls here are not more than 6 or 7 feet & we passed with the united efforts of about 200 men, who hauled the boat up with an enormous rope; & the same afternoon we came to the small island of Philae, on which are two temples of singular interest. <…> Our furthest point was Wadi Halfeh, the second grand cataract beyond which no boat can pass, lying between 21° & 22° N. Latitude. <…> The Governor at Wady Halfeh was a kind & agreeable Turk & came on board & dined with us & paid us several visits. He would have assisted us in going up to Dongola, but of course that was not on the question, & in fact I did not feel any desire so to do in camels by the river’s bank. <…> The death of Ibrahim Pasha, which you […?] from my last letter was daily expected, has fortunately not caused the slightest disturbance in Upper Egypt <…> Our Dragoman we were obliged to put on shore at Edfoo above Thebes, for he proved to be a perfect scoundrel.”
3) Hotel d’Orient, Cairo. 5 January 1849.
“We have enjoyed our Nile tour excessively & since leaving Kenneh we have seen some monuments of extreme interest including the grottoes of Beni Hassan, which illustrate the manners & avocations of ancient Egyptians even better than the royal tombs of Thebes. The Pyramids we have visited & examined throughout their details with great care, & we have certainly returned from our tour impressed with a high idea of the wonderful excellence which the Egyptians had attained in the arts & sciences in the early ages of the world. <…> At Beni Hassan I shot another crocodile. It is the most Northerly point at which they are ever found, & not very often there. Mt. May likewise killed a very small one in Nubia measuring 4 ft 3 inch.”
4) Oriental Hotel, Cairo. 18 January 1849.
“I little expected to see in Africa the prettiest gardens that I have ever met with; yet such if the case. The gardens of Mohammad Ali at Shubra are perfectly beautiful. They are filled with orange trees. <…> Ibrahim Pasha’s gardens in the Island of Rhoda are very pretty, but they were unfortunately 4 feet underwater last August owing to the excessive rise of the Nile. The Cairine bazaars, Mosques, Baths, & all other public buildings are so far inferior & even mean in comparison with those at Stamboul, that it would not be worth while giving any detailed account of them…”
V. On board the French mail packet “Lycurgue,” 100 leagues off Malta. 24 April 1849.
“I now feel my painful duty - don’t be alarmed – to denounce M. De la Martin as a gross impostor & unworthy of credit. His book is [full?] of misrepresentations from beginning to end & was the cause of much disappointment to me especially in respect to Beirut. Like many towns on the coast Beirut is very pretty from the Sea, but its environs can lay no claim to the extraordinary beauty with which La Martin has clothed them. The Lebanon both alone & below Beirut has much lovely scenery & I spent two or three most delightful days among the mountains, for we made up a very pleasant party (5 of us) & visited <…> Deir el Kammor [Deir al-Qamar], the Capital of the Druzes, where the banished Emir Beschir [Bashir Shihab II] used to live.”
29. [ENGLISH LAKE DISTRICT & SCOTLAND]
[Album of Twenty-Two Watercolours of the English Lake District and Western Scotland].
Ca. 1870s. Oblong Folio (ca. 31x43 cm). 23 leaves. With 22 mounted watercolours, the majority ca. 17x25 cm (6 ½ x 10 in), others slightly larger or smaller. All watercolours with period ink captions in the lower corners of the album leaves. Period dark green gilt tooled half morocco with green pebble-grain cloth boards and moire endpapers. A very good album.
Album of excellent watercolour drawings made on the spot by an anonymous 19th century artist showing the natural beauty of the English Lake District and western Scotland. The majority of the watercolours show different views of the famous English lakes – Coniston Water, Rhydal Water, Grasmere, Easedale Tarn, Grisedale Tarn, Thirlmere, Derwent Water, Patterdale, Ullswater – with occasional islands, churches, cottages or rural fences on shore, boats in water et al. There are also impressive pictures of the surrounding hills and mountains: a view of Langdale Pikes taken from Lowood hotel, Mt. Helvellyn, St. Sunday’s Craig, colourful picture of Dungeon Ghyll Force waterfall, interesting view of the Bowder Stone depicted without a staircase (it was added not earlier than 1890) et al. The ‘Scottish’ views include a stunning view of the renowned bay of the Oban town with Kerrera and Mull Islands, several mountainous panoramas showing Ben Cruachan, ‘The Shepherds, Glen Etive’ (or ‘The Herdsmen of Etive’), pictures of the mountain pass of “Murford”(?) and of the magnificent Falls of Foyers.
“The Lake District is a mountainous region in North West England, a National Park of the United Kingdom (since 1951). All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level lays within the National Park, including Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England. It also contains the deepest and longest lakes in England, Wastwater and Windermere, respectively. A popular holiday destination, it is famous not only for its lakes, forests, and mountains (or fells), but also for its associations with the early nineteenth-century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the other Lake Poets” (Wikipedia).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Europe Titled:] Moderna Europae Descriptio.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "This is one of the earliest obtainable maps of the European continent. Its unusual orientation, with north at the bottom of the sheet and the Mediterranean Sea at top, also makes it one of the most interesting maps of Europe. Mountains, forests, rivers and towns fill the land and in the Atlantic Ocean there is a large sailing ship. Sebastian Munster was the first to make individual maps of each continent, and this map is from that series. The map was issued in both Munster's Geographia and Cosmographia. The verso has a title block with German text and is illustrated with an exquisite figural engraving generally attributed to Hans Holbein" (Old World Auctions).
31. [FRASER RIVER GOLD RUSH]
TEN EYCK, Samuel
[Important Autograph Letter Signed from Samuel Ten Eyck to O.B. Throop, giving a Description of Guaymas, Mexico, his Impressions of Mexicans, and Briefly Relating his Experiences During the Fraser River Gold Rush].
Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico: April 27th, 1859. On a folded double quarto leaf.  pp. Brown ink on bluish paper. Blind stamp of a papermaker (Rolland Freres, Bordeaux) in the upper left corner. Housed in a later custom made blue quarter morocco clam shell box with gilt lettered spine. Old fold marks, otherwise a near fine letter.
In this letter Samuel Ten Eyck writes to his friend, Origin B. Throop, back home in Schoharie, New York, offering a description of the Mexican port city of Guaymas, Sonora, giving his assessment of Mexican attitudes toward Americans, and describing his experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
Samuel Ten Eyck came from a prominent family in New York's Schoharie County. He left Schoharie in the early 1850s, went to California in search of gold, took part in the Fraser River Gold Rush in British Columbia of 1858-1859, and then arrived in Guaymas, Mexico in the spring of 1859. He apparently went to Sonora in anticipation of that state and the surrounding Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sinaloa being annexed to the United States. The Gadsen Purchase Treaty, ratified in 1854, brought a part of northern Sonora into the United States, and there appears to have been some agitation for the United States to take more territory in the region. Such a thing did not occur, and it is unknown for how long Ten Eyck stayed in Guaymas waiting for it to happen, or where his travels took him next.
The letter begins by Ten Eyck asking Throop to make discreet inquiries to some of his friends as to why they have not corresponded with him. "I suppose you will be astonished to learn I am in this God-forsaken country. I must confess, I am astonished to find myself here, but here I am and what is still more pleasant, have a mighty fine prospect of, as it is termed in California, making my pile. I have been here but a month. On my arrival I found the country all excitement, and a revolution going on in the three states, 'Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa,' they being, I think, the tail end of creation, but they are full of silver mines and in saying that I say all that can be said in their favour. The Mexicans are the most hostile people in the world and think no more of killing an American than of taking a drink and as this is the scene of Walker's exploits and also where the unfortunate H.A. Crabb & followers were massacred, I am obliged to keep a pretty sharp look out. The women, however, are very kind & affectionate, and in case of difficulty invariably give you a warning and find a place of concealment for you. At least I have found it so on two occasions. <..,>
Guaymas, the seaport of Sonora & an old city, contains perhaps eight thousand inhabitants and being an earthquake country the houses are but one story high and mostly built of adoby [sic], which is the building material of mostly all houses in Mexico and on entering one is reminded more of a large brickyard than of a large city. <..,> I would not have come here but that the three states above named will without doubt be annexed to the U.S. - if so your humble servant is all right. I have had five years experience in California and any chance that may offer here I am on hand, in fact the pioneer."
Ten Eyck also briefly describes his experiences in British Columbia during the recent Fraser River Gold Rush: "It is as hot as blazes [in Guaymas]. I feel it more perhaps than others just having come from a northern country, as the year past I have been at Vancouver's Island & British Columbia. You of course heard of the Fraser River excitement. I was almost the first of the many thousands that rushed to that cold country. It did not prove as profitable as was anticipated, still it paid me very well, as I was able after nine months hard work to leave with a five hundred more than I took with me."
In the end Ten Eyck gives his assessment of the qualities of the women he has encountered in Guaymas, "beautiful, full of life and spirit", "very positive to us Americans" etc. A very interesting important letter, with provocative views on Mexico and a bit of information on one American's experiences in the Fraser River Gold Rush.
O.B. Throop was the owner of the only drug store in the county which still exists today as the Schoharie pharmacy, and a Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Albany and Schoharie plank road (1862).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Map of Greece Titled:] Nova Graecia Secundum Omnes eius Regiones & Provincias Citra Ultra & Hellespontum.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "A graphic map of Greece and part of Turkey in the classic woodcut style focused on the Dardanelles (Hellespont), which separates Europe from Asia. The land is covered with mountain ranges, rivers and cities. Zacharakis, Christos #1579" (Old World Auctions).
33. [HAWAII - HONOLULU]
[Album of Fifty Original Photographs and Postcards of Mostly Honolulu, Hawaii Documenting a Voyage of the Military Transport Ship, USAT Heffron].
Ca. 1920. 20 dark olive stiff card leaves. With 23 mounted gelatin silver photographs and real photo postcards ca. 11,5x17 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) to 9x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) and 27 mounted colour lithographed postcards each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). The photographs are captioned in German manuscript white ink below the photographs on mounts and the postcards with printed captions on images. All images framed with white ink on mounts. Period maroon full cloth album. A couple of the postcards slightly cropped to fit frames but overall a very attractive album with strong sharp images in near fine condition.
The interesting photographs include images of: USAT Heffron, including onboard images of leaving Vladivostok, an alarm drill, the ship's orchestra and the port of Honolulu from ship; Officers of the ship visiting Honolulu including Kilauea; six images of topless Hawaiian women, most dated 1920, Hawaiian locals, Hula dance in action; Phoenix fountain; Waikiki beach; 2 panoramas. The postcards are of Honolulu landmarks and locals including images of: Nuuanu Pali, making Poi, Luaus, surfing, Cocoanut Island, Kilauea, Pearl Harbour, Makee Island, Kapiolani Park, Waikiki beach, Y.M.C.A., harbor, Executive Building, Kawaiahao church, post office, Outrigger club house, Wailua falls, etc.
On September 3, 1920 the last soldiers of the Czechoslovak Corps (Danube Flotilla) left Vladivostok on US military transport 'USAT Heffron.' Wikipedia. This album documents part of that voyage.
34. [HOLY LAND]
FRIES, Laurent (c.1485-1532) & WALDSEEMUELLER, Martin (1470-1518)
[Map of the Holy Land Titled:] Tabula Nova Terrae Sanctae.
Vienna: G. Treschel, 1541. Woodcut map ca. 24x41,5 cm (9 ½ x 16 ½ in) with the title printed above. Map with large blank margins and original centrefold, some minor worming on outer edges of blank margins, a couple of mild small stains, but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
"This map of the Holy Land is based on the first 'modern' depiction of Palestine by Sanuto-Vesconte in 1320. The area is divided among the Twelve Tribes of Israel. The coast is oriented with east at the top, in a configuration that set the standard for maps of the region for the next 150 years. This edition, published in Vienna by Gaspar Trechsel, is a re-issue of the 1535 edition edited by Michael Servetus, but with the 'heretical' remarks about Palestine on the verso cautiously omitted, and without the banner title. Blank verso" (Old World Auctions); Laor 614.
35. [INDIA - EASTERN BENGAL RAILWAY]
[A Presentation Album of 89 Original Photographs Showing the Eastern Bengal Railway Line Titled:] Presented to W.A.C. Hanby, Esq, by the officers of the Eastern Bengal Railway, 1917.
1917. Elephant Folio (ca. 39x54 cm). 26 stiff card leaves. With 89 mounted, matte silver gelatin photographs. The first leaf with a tipped in leaf of 52 ink signatures of railroad administrators. The photos from ca. 23,5x29 cm (9 ½ x 11 ½ in.) to ca. 13,5x20 cm (5 ½ x 8 in). There are 35 larger single leaf views. Most of the views are captioned in white ink. Many of the photographs are either by Bourne & Shepherd or Hoffmann and Johnston Period black full morocco with a silver presentation plaque mounted on the front cover. Extremities with mild wear, front joint cracked otherwise a very good album.
Mr. Wrey Edward Hanby, M.B.E., joined the engineering branch of the Public Works Department in Bengal, c.1888, and spent most of his career working for the Eastern Bengal State Railway, retiring in 1917 as a Deputy Chief Engineer. The Eastern Bengal Railway Company was established in 1857 with the objective of introduction of railway transport in eastern Bengal and even to move into Burma. The strong images in this album include: a group of officers of the EBR at headquarters in 1915, a group of officers of the EBR in 1917, Indian peasants ploughing, harvesting, cutting and working with jute, boats bringing jute to a riverside station, foreshore of the river Houghly at Chitpore, the Chitpore goods shed, the Chitpore road with many carts pulled by oxen, clearing trees from a vast estate for a garden, a view of a massive garden, women and children transplanting seedlings, a group of Bhooteas in Darjeeling in 1905 (Bourne and Shephard photo), 12 images showing the damage by a cyclone along the Ganges river in October 1909, (Bourne and Shephard photos), 8 images showing the damage of the great earthquake of 12th June1897 on the EB Railway, showing cracks in the earth, in bridges and tracks, in the Nelphanari station yard, on the Rungpur branch, etc. (Bourne and Shephard photos), St. Paul’s cathedral in Calcutta, 3 street scenes in Calcutta showing bustling activity and the Holwell monument, the EBR offices, and the High court, (Bourne and Shephard photos), EBR main station, shipping on the Hooghly river (B&S photo), a Calcutta suburb (B&S photo), the family burial ground of the Nawab of Murshidabad (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), the old Katra Musjid temple in Murshidabad, loading a wagon ferry barge from a train engine and open box cars, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a panorama of the lower Ganges bridge, the lower Ganges bridge being constructed, a close-up of the lower Ganges bridge dated 1914, a train coming through the lower Ganges bridge in 1915, from the point of view of a traveler at one end, a river scene on the Ganges, brick manufacturing, brick foundations for a building, well sinking with heavy equipment, earthwork coolies, many workers building up a well, a boat building and two river scenes on the Ganges river, a view of the Sendlah(?) train yard showing the old office buildings, the Chitpore train yard, 3 images of changing 40 feet spans on the Kitihar, Parbatipur(?) section of track; E.B. Railway, Ghat station on the River Ganges, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), a Dak bungalow, Carts crossing a ford, Avenue of papal(?) trees, River steamer with flats in tow, Government House in Dacca (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Loading timbers onto M.G. Trucks at Jainti(?) (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Jainti River with the Himalayas in the distance (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Peacock Island, Gauhati, Gauhati from Peacock Island (Bourne and Shephard photo), The Beadon Falls, Shilong (Bourne and Shephard photo), A long view of Shilong, In the Forest below Ging, Darjeeling, A train and its cars on the DHRy, the single loop (Bourne and Shephard photo), A train going up the Darjeeling reverse no. 3, (Bourne and Shephard photo), The town of Darjeeling from below the shrubbery, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Sandakfoo, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Snowy Range from Senghal, Everest on the left, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), On the Teesta, below the Bridge, Darjeeling, (Bourne and Shephard photo), Bridge over the Runjnoo, Darjeeling; Main Gate to twelve buildings, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo), Andina Building, Pandua, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo) & The Twelve Door Building, Gaur, (Johnston and Hoffmann photo).
[Luxurious Private Album of Thirteen Large Photographs of the Dervaniski Lake near Daugavpils and Lautzen am See – Patrimonial Estate of the Baltic German Barons von Engelhardt]: Rittergut Lautzen in Kurland. Baron Alphons v. Engelhardt-Schnellenstein. Geb. 26 Juni 1820 – 21 Februar 1872.
Ca. 1890s. Oblong Folio (ca. 31,5x40,5 cm). Thirteen large albumen prints ca. 21,5x27,5 (ca. 8 ½ x 10 ¾ in) mounted on card. All images with period manuscript ink captions in German and Russian on the mounts. Original dark brown morocco luxury album with gilt stamped title and decorative borders, marbled endpapers and gilt edges. Album slightly rubbed at extremities, but overall in very good condition, with bright and strong large photographs.
The album evidently originates from the family collection of the Barons von Engelhardt, and apparently illustrates one of their summer hunting gatherings in the 1890s. Two perfectly executed group portraits show the same hunting party, posing with guns or having a break with some beer and cards. The manuscript captions identify the people shown as “Factotum” (assistant), “Arthur”, “Willja (Schönheiden)”, “Förster” (ranger), “Forstgehülfe” (ranger’s assistant), “Alexis”, and “Piqueur” (whipper). Two of them are most likely sons of Baron Alphons von Engelhardt-Schnellenstein: Alexis von Engelhardt and Arthur Emanuel von Engelhardt - the owners of the Lautzen am See estate at the time. The album also contains several images of the estate itself: panorama of the Dervaniski Lake with the main manor in the background, one of its houses built in typical Baltic style, and a picnic ground nearby. Another group portrait taken in the estate’s park most likely shows the whole family of von Engelhardts: mother Olga (nee Baronesse von Buttlar, 1828-1902), brothers Arthur and Alexis, and their younger sister.
Other photos show views of the Dervaniski Lake (or Uste-See) taken near Lautzen am See estate, Spivakiski, Rostovka and Olgaslust. The photos show fields and meadows, wooden houses of the locals, and very often the hunting party of the Engelhardts with dogs and once even with a bear on leash.
Baron Alexis von Engelhardt (1868-1954) was a Baltic German writer and journalist, author of books on the history of Courland: “Die deutschen Ostzeeprovinzen Russlands” (Munich, 1916) and “Die Kavaliere von Illuxt” (Munich, 1949). In Russia he is known as the author of two articles about Anton Chekhov where he developed two popular stereotypes: “Chekhov – Russian Maupassant” and “Chekhov – pessimist”. (See: “Der russische Maupassant (Anton Tschechow)”// Das litterarische Echo. 1 Jg. (1898/99). № 3. S. 150-153; and “Anton Tschechow” // Almanach d. K. Akademie d. Wissenschaft. Wien, 1908, IX).
Baron Arthur Emanuel von Engelhardt (1864-1932) was a writer on hunting topics, author of “Aus russischen Wäldern Sümpfen und Steppen; Erinnerungen eines baltisches Weidmanns” (Berlin, 1826) and “Mischka (Berlin, 1928)”.
Lautzen am See (Dervaniski) - private estate 9,5 km south to Daugavpils, on Dervaniski Lake (Uste-See) near the border with Lithuania.
See more: Gottzmann C., Hörner P. Lexicon der deutschsprachigen Literatur des Baltikums und St. Petersburg. Bd. 1. 2007, P. 395; Feldmann H. And others. Baltisches Historisches Ortslexicon. Vol. 2. Lettland. 1990, p. 332.
37. [LONDON - HAMPSTEAD HEATH]
[Four Unsigned Titled Hampstead Heath Watercolours].
Ca. 1877. Four watercolours each ca. 18x24 cm (7 x 9 ½ in). Two mounted, all four titled and additionally (later) captioned "by W. Kempson c. 1877." Mounts are mildly foxed but watercolours in very good condition.
The four attractive and skillfully executed watercolours are titled: Hampstead Heath - Harrow in Distance; "Spaniard's Road" - Hampstead Heath; Fields in S. Hampstead; Hampstead Church (St John-at-Hampstead opened 1747) from Frognal. The famous English Romantic landscape painter John Constable (1776-1837) also painted a series of paintings of Hampstead Health which perhaps served as an inspiration for these watercolours.
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Monsters] De Regnis Septentrion. Liber IIII. Monstra Marina & Terrestria, quae Passim in Partibus Aquilonis Inveniuntur.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 28x34,5 cm (11 x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. "This is one of the more fanciful cartographic curiosities and a unique view of Renaissance attitudes toward the unknown lands beyond the civilized world. This woodblock illustration presents a compendium of monsters that were thought to exist in the sixteenth century. Many subsequent mapmakers used these monsters to illustrate the lands and seas of the unexplored world. Across the top is a panel showing land-based creatures, including reindeer, elk (here shown pulling a sleigh), snakes, and a gluttonous bear. The majority of the 'monsters' are ferocious sea creatures shown devouring hapless sailors and wrecking ships. There is a massive lobster shown with a person in its claws and a huge fanged whale erupting fountains of water from its head, as well as a tree that appears to bear ducks as fruit. Latin text on verso. Condition Description: A nice impression with bold color, minor show-through of text on verso, an edge tear in the top blank margin, and light toning along the sheet's edges, well away from image. Ref: cf. Manasek, p. 118" (Old World Auctions).
[Collection of Five Folders with Over 290 Original Photographs of French Military Campaigns during the Pacification of Morocco in 1911-1912, taken by a Doctor Who Accompanied French Troops during the Campaigns].
Ca. 1911-1912. Five paper folders, from ca. 36x23 cm (14 ¼ x 9 in) to ca. 31,5x20 cm (12 ¼ x 8 in). All but one with manuscript titles in French on the first blank leaves. Almost all images with period manuscript captions in French on the mounts, several with additional captions on versos. Cover of one folder with large tears and creases, several images faded, but overall a very good collection of strong interesting images.
Historically important extensive collection of original photographs giving an eye-witness account of the early stage of the French conquest of Morocco in 1911-1912 (many mountainous regions would remain revolt until 1934). Jean Logerais, a military doctor, accompanied French troops in their advance to the foothills of the Middle Atlas Mountains, documenting the troops’ movement, their stops at camps, photographing several important French and Moroccan military leaders (Colonel Henry Gourad, Colonel Gueydon de Dives, General Louis Franchet d’Espèrey, Marabout of Boujad, and others), as well as interesting panoramas and street views of Fez, Meknes, Marrakesh, Medhia, Beni Amar, Tiflet, Ain Lourma, El Borough, Oued Zem, Boujad, Berrechid, Setan, Rabat, Sale, and other places.
“The French conquest of Morocco took place in 1911 in the aftermath of the Agadir Crisis, when Moroccan forces besieged the French-occupied city of Fez. On 30 March 1912, Sultan Abdelhafid signed the Treaty of Fez, formally ceding Moroccan sovereignty to France, transforming Morocco into a protectorate of France. However, many regions remained in revolt until 1934, when Morocco was declared to be pacified, but in several regions French authority was maintained by cooperation with local chiefs and not military strength. On 17 April 1912, Moroccan infantrymen mutinied in the French garrison in Fez. The Moroccans were unable to take the city and were defeated by a French relief force. In late May 1912, Moroccan forces unsuccessfully attacked the enhanced French garrison at Fez. The last aftermath of the conquest of Morocco occurred in 1933-1934, the pacification of Morocco took over 22 years” (Wikipedia).
The folders include:
1) Maroc, mai 1911. Montée à Fez. Gibraltar-Fez, 1er mai, 26 mai 1911.
Paper folder ca. 31,5x20 cm (12 ¼ x 8 in). 62 gelatin silver prints ca. 13,5x8 cm (5 ¼ x 3 in).
The folder contains views of Rabat and Fez, seventeen views of the coastal town of Medhia (including images of the French military camp near Medhia, ambulance tents, portraits of General Ditte (?), colonel Gouraud, soldiers and medical staff); seven views of the French military camp at El Kenitra (including a portrait of colonel Gouraud giving orders for the combat on May 19, 1911), scenes of the troops crossing a river and traversing the plains on the way to Fez (dated 19-26 May 1911, one image shows an ear of the photographer’s horse); portrait of colonel Gouraud with a Moroccan sheikh talking about the coming combat, distant panoramas of Fez, and several scenes taken during a sea voyage from Gibraltar to Rabat.
2) [Untitled folder with 88 photos of a Military Campaign in Central Morocco, Including Views of Fez, Beni Amar, Meknes, Tiflet, Lourma, Rabat, and other places in Morocco].
[Ca. July-August 1911]. Paper folder ca. 36x23 cm (14 ¼ x 9 in). 88 gelatin silver prints, each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in) printed in pairs on the same prolonged leaves of photo paper, ca. 9,5x30 cm (3 ¾ x 11 ¾ in). One leaf of photo paper with two images is missing.
The folder houses over twenty-five views of Meknes and environs: city panoramas, street views, photos of Meknes market, cemetery, Bab Berdieyinne mosque and minaret, city ramparts; portraits of the locals, including photo of a group of wives of the Sultan of Mogador (Essaouira) mounted on horses. One photo shows bombardment of a part of Mecknes on the 8th of July, 1911. There are also over a dozen images of French military camps near Meknes (camp de Olivier) or in other places (including a portrait of two military doctors playing chess next to their tent), two scenes of bombardment of Beni Amar village, views of French troops on their way to Meknes, several portraits of colonel Henry Gouraud (with soldiers or his wife who accompanied him during the campaign), and other. Four panoramas depict Tiflet, five photos show Fez (general views, city gates, cemetery), there are also six photos of Ain Lourma village (including two group portraits of soldiers), several views of Rabat (panoramas taken from water, street views, market) and Sale (panoramas, a view of the market).
3) Colonne des Zaers, août 1911. Maroc.
Paper folder ca. 36x23 cm (14 ¼ x 9 in). 26 gelatin silver prints, each ca. 8,5x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in), printed in pairs on the same prolonged leaves of photo paper, ca. 9,5x30 cm or 3 ¾ x 11 ¾ in). The last leaf of photo paper with two images is missing.
Folder with twenty-six views of French military camps (general and interior views with tents, carts and horses), troops on the move, portraits of French and native soldiers.
4) Colonne Gueydon de Dives, septembre-décembre 1912.
Paper folder ca. 32,5x21,5 cm (12 ¾ x 8 ½ in). Forty-two gelatin silver prints ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 ¼ x 5 ¼ in). One image is missing.
The folder opens with eleven views of the French military camp at El Borough, including several portraits of French commanders and the Marabout of Boujad, and a scene of arrival of the “first auto in El Borough” (with Lieut.-Col. Coudein); there are also several views of French camps in Oued Zem and Mechia ben Abbou, portraits of doctor Logerais in his tent, interesting scenes of surrender of the Moroccan rebels, portraits of the locals. Ten photos depict Boujad and surroundings - city panoramas and street views taken in November 1912, including a scene of reconciliation of the Marabout and his nephew, and a portrait of General Louis Franchet d’Espèrey (1856-1942) with the Marabout’s nephew.
5) Marakech et Ber Rechid. Maroc, 1911-1912.
Paper folder ca. 32,5x21,5 cm (12 ¾ x 8 ½ in). Over 70 photos of various size, including over fifty gelatin silver prints ca. 9x14,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in), one large gelatin silver print ca. 12x17,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in); other images are ca. 8,5x11,5 cm (3 ¼ x 4 ½ in) or smaller.
The folder contains over a dozen interesting views of Marrakesh: city panoramas, views of the house of the German consul, city gates, the open air market, two scenes of the Mawlid celebration in the city, portrait of local water bearers; six views of the Marrakesh racecourse (showing the tribunes, galloping horses, and an aeroplane flying over the course), several portraits of the Logerais spouses in their salon in Marrakesh. A group of photos is dedicated to Berrechid and includes portraits of French officers and residents next to Logerais’ house, group portrait of Moroccan women, French residents next to the train in Berrechid (faded), and others. There are also interesting images of the camp of the rebels in Fez, large group portrait of the officers of the Berrechid garnizon (taken in March 1912, and features doctor Logerais), two views of Settat, and a series of eight portraits of French officers and ladies with the Caid, or Moroccan military leader.
40. [MOSCOW & ST. PETERSBURG]
[Collection of 47 Original Photographs by an American Tourist to Imperial Russia, Including Over Thirty Views of Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Environs, a Portrait of Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana, with views of Helsingfors, Norway and “King Edward passing our hotel in Hamburg”].
Ca. 1904. Forty-seven gelatin silver prints mounted on recto and verso of loose card stock leaves (ca. 27,5x19,5 cm or10 ¾ x 7 ¾ in). All but one images are ca. 9x15 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, one image is ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). All images with period ink captions on the mounts. A couple of images mildly faded, but overall a very good collection.
Interesting collection of vivid snapshots taken by an American tourist in the Imperial Russia during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). The collection includes twenty-eight views of Moscow with ten lively photos of the Kremlin (showing the Cathedral Square with the Cathedral of the Archangel and Ivan the Great Bell Tower, the Red Square with the Kremlin Wall, Grand Kremlin Palace and Spasskaya Tower, Borovitskaya Tower with the entrance to the Kremlin, Kutafya Tower with the Alexandrovsky Garden, gate of the Spasskaya Tower, a corner of the Cathedral Square with the Dormition Cathedral, the Great Bell Tower and others), a city view taken from the Kremlin with the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in distance, and a number of interesting street views. The tourist who most likely stayed in the National Hotel photographed a corner of the Moiseevskaya (modern Manezhnaya) Square with the Alexander Nevsky Chapel which was to be demolished in 1922, the restaurant of I.S. Chistov on Moiseevskaya Square, a butcher shop, harness shop of V.S. Semenov, busy street markets and others. Two interesting portraits show recruits to the Russo-Japanese war at a railway station, there are also potraits of a Moscow policeman, and cart drivers.
Eleven views of Saint Petersburg and environs depict palaces and churches in Peterhof and Tsarskoye Selo, railway station in Tsaskoye Selo, and drozhky cart in Saint Petersburg. The collection also includes a portrait of Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) in his Yasnaya Polyana estate titled “Tolstoy at home, near Moscow”. There are also views of a railway station in Bulgaria, streets of Helsingfors, three photos from a trip to Norway, and a scene titled “King Edward passing our hotel in Hamburg” (Edward VII visited Hamburg in June 1904). Overall an interesting collection of tourist snapshots of pre-revolutionary Russia.
41. [MOUNTAINEERING - ACONCAGUA]
[De La MOTTE, Edward]
[Typewritten Manuscript Account of the Fifth Ascent of Aconcagua, by British Climber Edward de la Motte and American Mountaineer James Ramsey Ullman, Being also the First American Ascent of Aconcagua, Titled:] Horcones Valley and Aconcagua. February/March 1928.
Ca. 1928. Quarto (ca. 28,5x22 cm). 25 numbered leaves of typewritten text. Occasional period ink corrections in text. Vertical centrefold, first and last leaves with mild creases and traces of old staples removed, otherwise a very good manuscript.
Original typescript of the diary of Edward de la Motte, one of the participants of the fifth ascent of Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas, with his manuscript corrections in text. De la Motte’s climbing partner was a famous American mountaineer and writer James Ramsey Ullman (1907-1971), thus the expedition became the first American ascent of Aconcagua. The expedition party included two other members, named in the manuscript “Bromley” and “Mrs.” (a female). De la Motte gives a detailed description of the whole expedition from arrival to Retiro (Buenos Aires) on 25 February to the final arrival to Buenos Aires (on the way back) on 12 March 1828. The manuscript describes the mountaineers’ arrival in Mendoza, preparation and supplying of the expedition, trip to the Uspallata town and Puente del Inca, the long hike up the Horcones Valley, and all proceedings in the high camps on the mountain, including an acclimatization hike to the Buena Vista ridge and the summit day. The entries note the altitudes gained, pulse levels, experienced symptoms of mountain sickness, weight of loads carried, menus and preparations of the meals, frostbites et al. There are also several mentions of previous British expeditions to Aconcagua – by E. Fitzgerald and S. Vines (1897) and by J. Cochrane and M.F. Ryan (1925).
Some entries: “February 27th. Mrs. Togs up a la “complete mountaineer” in heavy boots and breeches, but fearing the populace slips out by a back entrance and gets nearly eaten by a yard full of dogs.” (p. 3).
“March 3rd. Base, night min. 28° 18,000 max. Pulse before starting: Ram 68, me 100. This is being written in Ryan’s tent with a snow storm outside, luckily the tent in perfectly sound, and apart from a little fine driven snow, all is snug inside. There is enough food for a week and between us we have 7 blankets, and eiderdown and a Jaeger sleeping bag. <…> Ram and I are comfortable with our feet tied in rucksacks and are able to laugh at the weather” (pp. 9-10).
“March 4th. Up at 8.30, rising consisting of putting on boots and balaclava and extricating oneself from the sleeping bag – in itself a laborious process and only to be performed with much gasping. This gasping is an altitude effect which neither of us can get over – headaches are things of the past, our appetites are tremendous, but the least exertion such as tightening a rope, leaving or entering the tent, opening a tin of sausages and even eating makes us gasp for breath” (p. 12).
“March 5th. [Summit Day]. Up 5 a.m. <…> Ram wearing his Ventana boots could only get on two pairs of socks – same as myself, so that to avoid frostbite we both tried to keep out toes moving inside our boots as far as possible. <…> Both of us were fairly near the limits of our endurance but the top was in view and at 4.30 we stepped out on the summit, very glad at being finished with the hard work of climbing. Driving snow clouds prevented the view to the South and what was worse, Ram could not find Ryan’s thermometers – the only object visible being an empty beer bottle. The top is of triangular shape with the Northern apex at the highest point. Photos were taken from the West tower which should identify the summit alright, at any rate, so far as Ryan and other climbers are concerned.
Ram got busy with a self timer – which like the meta cooker failed to work, the resulting messing about with which gave Ram four frostbitten fingers (unnoticed until considerably later). An ice axe with E.M. And A.R. Carved on the shaft was left, also a card with our names on was left in a small Yerma tin with one plasmon biscuit (sustenance for the next party that reaches the top)” (pp. 14-15).
James Ramsey Ullman was a noted American writer and mountaineer, official historian of the American Mount Everest Expedition 1963, the author of “The White Tower” (1945), “Banner in the Sky” (1954), “The Age of Mountaineering” (1954), “Tiger of the Snows” (together with Tenzing Norgay, 1955), “Americans on Everest” (1964), and others. Most of Ullman’s papers are now deposited in the Princeton University Library.
“The Andean career of Edward de la Motte apparently began in 1928 with Aconcagua, highest of all Andean peaks, and ended probably in 1946 with Sajama, highest of Bolivian mountains. With the well-known American novelist James Ramsey Ullman (author of the White Tower), he accomplished on 5 March 1928 the fifth ascent of Aconcagua” (Echevarria, E. Early British Ascents in the Andes, 1831-1946 // The Alpine Journal. 1987. Vol. 92. P. 63).
42. [NAPOLEON’S INVASION OF RUSSIA]
[Anonymous Period French Manuscript Account of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia in 1812 Titled:] Campaigne de Russie. Toujour victorieux depuis 19 ans, Napoleon revait la conquete du monde, et les limites de la terre semblaiens trop rapprochee, pour fixer le terme de ses exploits!...
[Ca. 1820-1825]. Folio (ca. 32,5x22 cm). 73,  stitched with a string. Brown ink on watermarked lined paper, text in French. Housed in a later laid paper cover with the manuscript title: “Campagne de Russie. Manuscrit anonyme,” inside a recent red quarter morocco folder with gilt lettered title on the spine and a marbled paper slipcase. Paper slightly age toned, with minor soiling and wear on the first and the last pages, but overall a very good manuscript.
Historically important period manuscript of Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia, or Russian Campaign of 1812. The narration begins on May 9, 1812 which marks the departure of the emperor to Königsberg, and ends on February 8, 1813 with the entrance of the Russians in Warsaw. Day by day the account details the main events of the campaign (crossing of the Niemen, capture of Smolensk on August 18, the Battle of Borodino on September 7, taking Moscow, etc.) and life in the French army during the advance towards Moscow. The author describes marches, battles, bivouacs, fire scenes and looting, hunger, heat, and lack of organization. There are also numerous notes that paint a portrait of Napoleon: "Napoleon was 43 years old and enjoyed robust health, he was little, fat, with high shoulders, short neck, big head, Greek profile and ponderous gait; his face was broad and pale, he had straight black hair, tawny gray eyes and thick eyebrows, his teeth were beautiful; his penetrating gaze, his motionless features, he was naturally taciturn, although only two passions painted on his face: anger, which made him momentarily lose reason, and the joy he expressed the contrary, by a very gracious smile; [...] At the beginning of a fight, the first cannon shots were giving to Napoleon an unbridled joy; then he remained impassive: generals, soldiers, fell dead before his eyes, nothing disturbed him." The narrator criticizes the emperor’s harsh judgment he wore on his defeated army, as he himself was "covered with furs, locked in a good car, always sleeping in a good bed and drinking Bordeaux wine with all his meals…"
The entry from the 7th of September described the Battle of Borodino "the bloodiest we have seen since the invention of gunpowder," which resulted in 70 000 killed on both sides, including 40 generals. Then came the invasion of Moscow "against all the rules of art,” where the governor general Fedor Rostopchin allegedly inspired the inhabitants to start the fire the following night. There is a note about frenzied looting during the fire, led by soldiers who had "braved death in the hope of owning Moscow’s wealth and abundance." On the 20th of September the army included 90,000 men and 20,000 wounded or sick, the supplies became scarce because "everything had burned or ravaged." Napoleon turned "from the offensive to the defensive and remained inactive in Moscow for 34 days in the midst of the ashes and disorder", and was forced to order the retreat which began on October 23, after he had decided to burn the Kremlin out of a “senseless revenge.”
Thus begins a detailed account of the retreat, with forced marches, starvation, cold, injuries and diseases, harassment by Russian troops, dropping of the wounded and weapons. The imperial army disintegrates, orders and rumors contradict, completing the disaster. Several pages are devoted to the crossing of the Berezina River, construction of bridges, Russian attacks and the tragic crossing on November 29. "There ended the destiny of this great army, which had made Europe tremble." On December 5 Napoleon left the army for Paris, leaving the command to Murat, who in turn passed it to Prince Eugene on January 16, 1813. The army, which after crossing the Berezina numbered only 8800 fighters, was still halved near Wilno on December 10, facing the army of Tsar Alexander, consisting of 100,000 men.
The manuscript ends with the overview of various bulletins of the campaign, the list of major French commanders, and a table showing the number of different divisions of Napoleon’s army: 647,158 men composed the imperial army in the beginning of the campaign (including Prussian and Austrian troops), and only 10,396 remained upon the retreat from Moscow. As indicated in the note at the end of the manuscript, it is according to the papers found in a carriage of Napoleon "we have feebly sketched the picture where the glory of French arms and misfortunes is so astonishing that posterity will be confused one day with the fabulous stories that have come down to us."
[Album with Thirty-Seven Original Photographs and Six Ink Drawings made during a Trip to the Natal Colony, Including Views of Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Ixopo, Nearby Sutton Estate with Its Owners, Howick Falls, Umzimkulu River with the Union Bridge, Umkomazi River, Harrismith, Group Portraits of the Members of Pietermaritzburg Golf Club, East Indians in Natal, and Others].
Ca. 1898-1899. Oblong Quarto (ca. 23,5x30 cm). Thirty card stock leaves. Sixty-seven mounted gelatin silver, including over thirty large images ca. 15x20 cm (6x8 in) or slightly smaller, the rest are from ca. 10,5x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in) to ca. 5,5x7,5 cm (2 ¼ x 2 ¾ in). Almost all with period ink captions on the mounts, ca. 21 titled in negative, two titled with white ink on the images. With six mounted original ink drawings from ca. 11,5x8,5 cm (4 ½ x 3 ¼ in) to ca. 18x11 cm (7 x 4 ½ in). Period style black half morocco album with cloth boards and gilt lettered title “South Africa Album” on the spine. Several leaves with minor edge wear, a couple of photos slightly faded, but overall a very good album.
Interesting collection of original studio and amateur photos (five by the studio of George Washington Wilson, five signed “J.E.M. Photo” in negative) of the British Colony of Natal (1843-1910), compiled by an Englishman who sailed to Durban from London in April 1898 on SS “Inyati.” The album opens with eleven photos of Durban, including two large city views by the studio of G.W. Wilson (one taken from the top of Berea; the other showing Durban & harbour from the Bluff), views of central West Street from the Premier Studio (by “J.E.M.”), West Street looking towards Back Beach, Durban Town Hall from the botanical gardens, Durban Bay and port with ships, railway and “Ferry across bay to the Bluff;” there are also an amateur portrait of a “Kaffir rickshaw opposite Royal Hotel”, and a view of the Umbilo Falls.
Over twenty views show the colony’s capital Pietermaritzburg; there are general views of the city with the Table Mountain behind, and several street views: Commercial Road, Town Hall (before it burnt on July 12, 1898), Town Hall and the Anglo-Zulu War memorial with “Kaffir policemen,” Long Market St., Church St., Market Square (with numerous native carts driven by bullocks); four views of the Umsindusi River and the bridge in the end of Commercial Road; two views of Pietermaritzburg botanical gardens, and an interesting group portrait of the members of Pietermaritzburg golf club gathered for the “mixed foursomes tournament, Sept. 1898” (the album’s compiler is apparently second left in the back row).
There are also several unusual views of various waterfalls in Natal: Howick Falls (Umgeni River, 12 miles from Pietermaritzburg, one showing the hotel above the falls), Albert Falls (Umgeni River), falls near Polela, falls on Ingudwini River (between Ixopo & Umkomaas); photos of the Umzimkulu River and village (with the Union bridge between Natal & Cape Colony). Three photos show the Ixopo village (general view, Ixopo school & cadets, and the magistrate house). A series of amateur photos depict Sutton estate near Ixopo, “built by Henry Hoer Remfry in 1880,” with its owners Frank & Mary Remfry (three portraits feature the apparent compiler of the album), the bridge over the Umkomaas (Umkomazi) River; there are also three portraits of young black men - “Remfry’s boys,” two views of the native kraal, and a portrait of the East Indians in Natal. The album closes with a views of Harrismith, then in the Orange Free State.
The ink drawings show Table and Swartkop Mountains near Pietermaritzburg, Howick Falls, interior of the native hut “on Remfry’s farm,” two native children from the same farm, and a view of the Greytown Road. Overall a very good album with large unusual images.
“George Washington Wilson (1823-1893) was a pioneering Scottish photographer. <…> The Australian and South African images were added to the firm's stock in the 1890s by Charles Wilson (GWW's son) and staff photographers such as Fred Hardie” (Wikipedia).
44. [NEW ENGLAND]
[A Deed Regarding his Share of the Prize after the Capture of Louisbourg during King George’s War].
[York, York County, New England (Maine)], 3 May 1746. Large Octavo (ca. 25x15,5 cm). 2 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Sealed and signed by two witnesses, additionally registered in 1747 and 1749. Fold marks with splits on folds repaired with archival tape, paper slightly age toned, but overall a very good legible document.
Interesting early piece from the early days of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, a crown colony in North America. This deed was compiled in the town of York (now in the state of Maine) on behalf of one Samuel Ingraham, a soldier who took part in William Pepperrell’s Siege of Louisbourg (11 May – 28 June 1745) during the King George’s War (or the War of the Austrian Succession, 1744-1748). Louisbourg was the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia).
“Known all Men by these presents that I Samuel Ingraham of York in the County of York in New England, Sailor and one of the Soldiers under Sr. William Pepperrell in Capt. John Harmon’s Company in the late expedition to Cape Briton in Consideration of Five Pounds lawful money of the Province of the Massachts. Bay to me paid by Thomas Curtis of York aforesd. Yeoman. The Receipt whereof thereby <…> Do grant bargain assign transfer & set over unto the sd. Thomas his Heir & assigns all my Right Title Share part portion proportion Dividend Claim Property Interest & Demand Whatsoever which I have ought or can pretend in have or claim & which already hath or may at any Time or Times hereafter become due owing payable belonging <…> & coming unto me the sd. Samuel for or by reason & means of me being a Soldier in the Expedition aforesaid whether the same be in Houses, Goods, Wares, Merchandizes or any other effects & Things whatsoever whether the same be by achievement or by Gift, Grant & Bounty from his Majesty the King…”
The Siege of Louisbourg took place in 1745 when a New England colonial force aided by a British fleet captured Louisbourg, the capital of the French province of Île-Royale (present-day Cape Breton Island) during the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in the British colonies. <…> Louisbourg was an important bargaining chip in the peace negotiations to end the war, since it represented a major British success. Factions within the British government were opposed to returning it to the French as part of any peace agreement, but these were eventually overruled, and Louisbourg was returned, over the objections of the victorious Indians, to French control after the 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle” (Wikipedia).
“The Province of Massachusetts Bay was a crown colony in North America and one of the thirteen original states of the United States. It was chartered on October 7, 1691, by William and Mary, the joint monarchs of the kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland. The charter took effect on May 14, 1692, and included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, the Province of Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The modern Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the direct successor; Maine is a separate U.S. State, and Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are Canadian provinces (the last two were only part of the colony until 1697)” (Wikipedia).
[Collection of 38 Original Photographs of Newfoundland Showing Saint John's, Rural Towns and Villages and Sealing and Fishing Operations].
Ca. 1910. The collection includes 38 gelatin silver photographs ca. 8x13,5 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in) and slightly smaller. Overall the strong images are in very good condition.
This interesting collection includes images of Saint John's (5) including three images of a fire being put out at Baird, Gordon and Co. in 1908, images of the waterfront department store Ayre and Sons Ltd and images of shipping in the port; Rural Newfoundland Towns and Villages (17) including town scenes, rail lines, a church and bays and capes; Sealing and Fishing (11) including the S.S. Florizel (5) in ice and with passengers and the fishing boat Annie Clutett from Garnish (2), etc; Family photos of a wealthy Newfoundland family (5).
"SS Florizel, a passenger liner, was the flagship of the Bowring Brothers' Red Cross Line of steamships and one of the first ships in the world specifically designed to navigate icy waters. During her last voyage, from St. John's to Halifax and on to New York, she sank after striking a reef at Horn Head Point, Cape Race near Cappahayden, Newfoundland, with the loss of 94 including Betty Munn, a three-year-old girl, in whose memory a statue of Peter Pan was erected at Bowring Park in St. John's" (Wikipedia).
46. [NIAGARA FALLS]
WALTON, Frederic E.
[Album with 21 Signed "F.E.W." Original Watercolours Titled:] Sketches in the United States of America and Canada.
Ca. 1892. Quarto (27x24 cm). With 21 monochrome mounted watercolours ca. 12,5x24,5 cm (5 x 9 ½ in). Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with brown cloth sides album produced by J. L Fairbanks & Co. Boston. Some minor age-toning of mount leaves but overall a very good album.
This album contains attractive watercolours of a tour through Ontario, New York State and Vermont and includes views of: "The American Fall - July 1892;" "Horseshoe Fall;" "American Fall:" "The Thousand Islands;" "The Sentinel;" "Lotus Island;" "Lake of the Thousand Islands;" a lake scene; a river steamer; "Saranac Inn;" "Little Fish Creek;" "Bowditch Camp. Keene Valley;" "Putnam Camp;" " The Brook. Keene Valley;" "Camp. Ausable Lake;" "Ausable Lake;" "Lake Champlain;" "Lake Champlain(2);" "Adirondack Deer;" ocean view; residence on a lake.
47. [NIGER RIVER EXPEDITION]
WINTERBOTTOM, Thomas, Rear Admiral (1847-1928) C.B.E.
[Small Archive of Documents Relating to the Naval Career of Rear Admiral Thomas Winterbottom but Focusing on the 1867 Niger River Expedition of H.M.S. Investigator: Including an 18 1/2 page Manuscript Very Content Rich Journal of the Day to Day Events of the Expedition of the H.M.S. Investigator up the Niger from the 27th July to the 14th August 1867; With: Winterbottom's Admiralty Commission as Assistant Paymaster Dated 25th November 1868; With: Winterbottom's Admiralty Commission as Paymaster-in-Chief Dated 1st October 1903;[With: Winterbottom's Envelope and note from the Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood; With: Winterbottom's 1928 Obituary Clipped from a Newspaper].
Folio manuscript journal (ca. 33 x 21cm) dark brown in on brownish wove paper on five bifoliums for a total of 20 pages written on 18 1/2 rectos and versos. Journal with original folds and toning and minor chips to margins, not affecting text, written in a legible hand and overall in very good condition. Commission folios on vellum and paper completed in manuscript, with original fold marks and the paper one with some minor staining and tears not affecting text, but overall the documents are in very good condition as are the envelope, note and obituary also included in the collection.
"Paymaster Rear-Admiral Thomas Winterbottom.., entered the Navy as a clerk in the 'Sixties, and during his early career saw much war service on the West Coast of Africa. He served through the Niger Expedition of 1867, and was specially promoted [commission included in this archive] to Paymaster for his gallantry. During the Ashanti War of 1873-4 he was serving in H.M.S. Druid, and was present at the bombardment of Elmina and other operations on the Gold Coast, for which he received the Ashanti Medal. The Egyptian war of 1882 found him serving in H.M.S. Thalis, and he secured the Egyptian Medal and the Khedive's Bronze Star. Twelve years later, whilst Fleet Paymaster of H.M.S. Raleigh, the flagship of the West Africa Station, he was present at Bathurst during the landing of the Naval Brigade for the Gambia Expedition. He was promoted to Paymaster-Captain in 1903 (Commission included in this archive), and shortly afterwards retired from the active service. In the Great War he was again actively employed and for his services he was awarded the C.B.E. he was advanced to the rank of Paymaster Rear-Admiral on the retired list"(Obituary).
HMS Investigator was a two gun wooden paddle survey vessel of the Royal Navy, launched in 1861 to carry out expeditions in West Africa. On "28 Jul 1867 under the command of Lieut. A. E. Kay [H.M.S. Investigator] proceeded up the River Niger, with the pinnace Vindictive in tow, to carry wood and to assist with laying out anchors, the Investigator's boats being too small.., The expedition to last for 60 days should provisions last or to return earlier in the event severe sickness attacking the crew.
6 Sep 1867 a report was received by the Commodore in the Bristol, then in the Bights, that the Investigator was aground for 5 days off Mebhanna and that the natives had fired on the vessel killing a krooman and wounding 4 others. Stores and provisions were thrown over-board to get off, the provisions being replaced by the steamer Thomas Bazley : Mr. McLeod, H.M. Consul in the Niger was reported to be sick"(Naval Database).
The journal chronicles the day-to-day events of the H.M.S. Investigator's 1867 voyage up the Niger from the 27th July to the14th August when they reach Osamari and includes descriptions of the grounding of the Investigator and the many sometimes deadly skirmishes with hostile natives.
Excerpts from the manuscript include:
"July 27th. "Arrived at the mouth of the Nun and anchored for the night, sent Pinnace per signal from 'Espoir' with empty coal bags. Went on board 'Espoir' & reported to Captain Peile , that being battened down, ship straining and leaking, it would be impossible to coal that night."
July 31st. "... Passed the hostile villages Aloberi, Kiamah, & Opotolo which fired just after passing, 6 guns - 10. Passed the hostile villages of Imblamah, a canoe pulling off with wood. 11:45 grounded suddenly on a sand bank, marked on the chart as I thought an island... Two canoes came alongside, one with a goat... The other canoe containing about 15 men making demands for drink... I deemed it advisable to lighten her forward, having 15 tons of coal... Landed coal, about 4 tons... When suddenly a heavy fire of musketry was opened on us, and the ship, the krooman guarding coal attacked and driven into the water, natives swimming after him, severely wounding him on head with some sharp weapon...
...most of my kroowmen having jumped overboard, I hailed the ship to open fire... Having only one man left with me... The krooman who had been attacked floating down the River - Sent Sub-Lieutenant [Mallory] to pick him up, a heavy fire being opened on the boat... I used ten rounds of ammunition to each white man & armed the kroomen with cutlass, pikes, knives & every available weapon...
... Casualties - 1. Kroomen on shore badly wounded... But as they [natives] saw the paddles in motion they kept up heavy fire", my korromen being very frightened, I was obliged to draw my sword on some who would not work under fire... When the natives saw no men on deck they ceased firing. Water rising a little, commenced lightening the ship, & heaving overboard everything heavy... Unfortunately they pitched two more bread pancheons overboard than I intended...
2 August. "... 9.10. Departed this life from wounds Mr Grants - Engineer Steward... 2.20 PM. Committed to the deep the remains of Mr. Grants deceased... Having been up since the ship grounded, over exertion & anxiety produced a feverish attack...the men also beginning to feel the effects of want of rest... "
3 August. "... The ship still aground... Coal getting short, drew fires & blew out boiler, intending to try and dig the sand clear of paddle wheels. Employed heaving overboard private gear, got Bickford's fuze ready for blowing the ship up... I see no possible chance of getting the ship off, as I find less water every day... The natives being reinforced every day... "
"... At about 2 PM heard natives on shore hailing & shewing a white flag, I returned it by shewing a handkerchief, when a Boast with four men came alongside, by means of an interpreter the following intercourse took place. - It appears by their statement that ...when the krooman was left to look after the coal, he strayed as he states 'to go to the rear' but the natives on shore say he went into their plantation...
... The saw either the body of the deceased man or us burying him, and being afraid of the consequences... The hostile villages had sent them a message that if they hurt any white men next year large steamers would come up & take their country - They said they wished for us peace, but in my own belief they were short of ammunition... Frightened of what they had already done... They also said that another steamer had passed up the river a short time back, near this place, & that for a dash, they had dug her out... They would do the same for me, they then wanted me to give a present for their chief, which I did & also a bottle of Brandy, they promised to return..."
4th August. "... Captain beginning to get very weak, also men gradually getting weaker after four days hard work, & exposure I deemed it advisable to give them a little rest. A canoe came alongside with fowls to barter and a present... Mr. Mallory also presented the chief with a new coat... They then left promising to bring 20 men & dig us out, natives coming freely round the ship, the greater part of them being females. 1 PM. Natives came off & commenced digging ship out... I deemed it advisable to send them away for the night & to have an interview with the chief on shore...
...I then informed him that I came to see King Masaba, that I would not hurt him, or any of his people... If he would dig the ship out... To come onboard & see what he would like, for having thrown overboard nearly everything, I was placed in a very strange position... "
5th August. "... Lighted fire, got up steam, kroomen having dug trench deeper... Ship still hard aground... I fear my only chance of getting ship off will be to wait until the River flows, or with the assistance of the steamer 'Thomas Bazley' returning...
... Canoe going to and for with messages from chief concerning what I would give him to get me off & he wanted rum... I would not give a single thing more until the ship was afloat... Received a message requesting to know if I would send one man, as hostage for the 20 he would send, and a guarantee for the present... I immediately send the man, (one krooman John Brown who volunteered), not fearing treachery... Canoe left with cowries (5 bags) and John Brown Krooman (Benin Boy)... Suddenly a heavy crop fire with large guns & musquets was opened on us from the bush... I returned do. With both Howitzer loaded... & rifles... When the shell from the Howitzer burnt among them I heard screams as though some of them had been killed, or wounded, them firing also... Eventually ceasing about 3.30 PM...
I find it almost impossible, my crew being mostly composed of Kroomen, & they having been under fire before, to heave the ship off. I fear very much that John Brown krooman is killed, but being a Benin Boy they may sell him..."
7th August. "... Only 1/2 ton of coal left... Water still falling... 12.12 foremost Howitzer dismounted by recoil... Heavy firing still going on down the river... A canoe was observed pulling for the ship, holding up an umbrella, I shewed a white flag... The man informed me had come from his father, at a place near Onitsha, having heard that a man was aground in the river, & also to enquire the reason of the natives firing on us, that he was going on shore immediately to hold a palaver... I asked him if it were possible to get back my Benin Boy... He said that with the aid of a bottle of rum he might be able to restore the Benin Boy, & sent his canoe with the rum, for that purpose, himself remaining on board... The canoe in a short time returned, bringing back the rum, not having seen anyone... I then gave them food, observed four musquets & several swords in the Boat. About 4:30 they left the ship, being called by the natives on shore & did not return."
9th August. "... This being the 10th day we have been on shore, water having left us... The same who informed us he had come from his father at Onitsha... He had held palaver... Tried to bring off the man they had made prisoner... Is I would give him a tail-coat he would bring off my man... As the man was taken prisoner as an hostage, not in a fight, I would not..."
10th August. "... Kroomen over side digging away sand... Ship slightly started, draught of water about from 6ft to 10ft, forward 3 feet 8 inches... Weather threatening & at noon commenced to rain. 1.45 sent kroomen to dig away sand, heaving in on cables... 2. ship floated, opening on starboard cable... Got up steam, clearing pinnace & stowing chain ... Sent pinnace for the coals that were landed before reaching shore, a fire was opened on her & ship... Returned do. With rifles, but ship swinging stern on the guns would not bear, most of the kroomen jumped overboard from boat but pinnace got alongside, mostly by the aid of the gunner's mate... Went in gig & brought off canoe, natives deserting her as I approached..."
11th August. "... Proceeded towards hostile villages with white flag at fore. 11.20 anchored off ditto & informed them that if they did not deliver up my man, I would open fire in them. White flag responded to by villages on shore... 2 PM. Natives took man over to the opposite shore, abreast the ship, in an unarmed boat, send boat to communicate with do. But boat having waited over half an hour, & kroomen not coming towards the gig & finding they would not give up the man, & not being the least alarmed about his safety, weighed & steamed up river, it being my intention to recover him by force, on my return down the river..."
12th August. "... 6.15 Weighed, proceeded slowly up the river, soundings very irregular, numerous sand spits not shown in chart... 10. Touched ground, backed astern, sent gig to sound a canoe... 10.40 Allowed a canoe with pilot Jack flying, pilot came alongside, hoisted his canoe up... He knew very little about river... 12.50 Stopped & anchored off Ebo. 1.20 Chief from Ohaghi[?] visited the ship, gave him a dash... Informed him that I had come to visit chiefs & also that I wanted wood, which I would pay for, he swent the canoe for ditto. 3. The chief of Ebo & his wife came on board, presented him with gifts which seemed to please him very much... The next day both chiefs still remaining on board, their great desire being to get rum, I gave them as much as I thought proper. 5. Chief of Odaghi's canoe came off with a little wood, promising more in the morning & wishing to be paid for what he already brought off. I gave him 1 bag of cowries =25/. The chief of Ebo presented me with a Bullock providing I came on shore, the first thing in the morning, to shoot it.
14th August. "... Anchored off Osamari... 9.30 Chief came off, presented him with Government Present... 2 PM. Passing Oki village... 4.10 anchored at Onitsha, laid out warps to steamer Thomas Bazley to keep ship from swinging into the eddy... At Mission House the Bishop kindly offered his services to go with us. Presented chief with his present... Heard from Mr. Jervis, that the steamer Thomas Bazley had been on shore... For 9 days, but natives were friendly, she also grounded on the same spit that I had been on shore on,, but being a powerful steamer, backed off, they also informed me that the river being so low, the charts could not be relied on..,"
48. [NORWAY & SWEDEN]
LINDAHL, Axel (1841-1906); BEYER, F.; JAEGER, J. Etc.
[Collection of Thirty Large Original Photographs of Norway and Sweden].
Thirty large albumen prints ca. 16,5x23 cm (6 ½ x 9 in) mounted on original card leaves (ca. 33x47 cm). The majority of images captioned in Norwegian and Swedish in negative at the bottom, and supplemented with period ink captions in German on the mounts. Housed loosely in a period portfolio with grey cloth boards and red sheep spine with gilt tooled faded label “Scandinavie”. The leaves are slightly waved and soiled, the portfolio is rubbed and worn, but the images are bright and sound. Overall a very good collection.
The attractive photographs in this collection include:
1)83. Bygdo. Fra Parken ved Oscarshald. Axel Lindahl.
2) Hvalfangerskibet Düncan Greys Skytter og Kanon Skaarö, M.G./ Walfisch-Kanope v. Walfischboot Düncan Greys.
3) 1699. Thelemarken. Veien over Haukelidfeld, Rensdyr./Renthierherdeam haukelid-Berg
4) 393. Sogn, Borgunds nye Kirke fra Svartegjaeld/ Sogn, Borgunds neue Kirche, gesch.v. Svartegjaeld
5) 2358. Soan. Naerdalen. Seflefos. Axel Lindahl.
6) 713. Romsdalen. Slettafos/ Slettafall
7) 710. Romsdalen. Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
8) 757. Romsdalen. Mardalsfos fra Eikisdalen. Axel Lindahl/ Mardals- fälle
9) No. 235. Slettafos. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen
8) 712. Romsdalen, Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
9) 711. Romsdalen, Vermaafossene/ Vermaa-fälle
10) 49. Christiania fra Ekeberg. I. Axel Lindahl / Christiania
11) 2364. Sogn. Naeredalen. Stalheim Hotel. Axel Lindahl/ Hot. Stallheim im Naero-Thal
12) 36. Nordstrand Bad ved Christiania. Axel Lindahl/ Bad Nordstrand b. Christiania
13) 52. Christiania fra Oscarhald. II. Axel Lindahl/ Christiania (pencil)
14) 1639. Thelemarken. Loveid Kanal/ Loveid-Shleussen-Kanal, Thelemarken, Norw.
15) 77. Bygdo. Oscarshald fra Skarpsno. / Oscarhald
16) 1145. Tromso/ Tromsö
17) 1887 [?] Hamerfest wahrend dei Brande
18) 1223. Finmarken. Hammerfest
19) No. 220. Romsdalshorn. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen/ Romsthalhorn
20) 2313. Sodn. Borgunds Kirke Housed in period portfolio with green cloth boards and red sheep spine with gilt tooled faded label “Scandinavie”. The leaves are slightly waved and soiled, the portfolio is rubbed and worn, but the images are bright and sound. Overall a very good collection.
21) No. 26. Stockholm. Utsigt fran Mosebacke. J. Jaeger Kgl. Hoffotograf/ Stockholm
22) No. 2. Stockholm och dess omnigifningar. Kgl. Slottet, sedt fram Skeppsholmen. J. Jaeger Kgl. Hoffotograf/ Kgl. Sloss in Stockholm
23) No. 255. Trondhjeims domkirke. Eneret 1891. F. Beyer, Bergen/ Domkirche in Trontheim
24) 2432. Hardanger, Odde. Axel Lindahl/ Odde am Hardanger-fjord
25) No. 378. Upsala. Nya Universitetshuset. Lidahis Fotografiaffar, Stockholn/ Upsala, Neue Universitat (pencil)
26) 1512. Bergen, Panorama fra Floifjeldet I. Axel Lindahl/ Panorama v. Bergen
27) 1512. Bergen, Panorama fra Floifjeldet II. Axel Lindahl/ Panorama v. Bergen
28)9293. Olat kyrre. K. Knudsen, Bergen/ Norw. Dampher “Olaf Kyrre”
29 & 30 Uncaptioned.
49. [OREGON - EARLY PIONEERS]
COE, Nathaniel (1788-1868) and Mary (1801-1893)
[Two Autograph Letters Signed from a Noted Oregon Pioneer and His Wife with Interesting Notes on Oregon Indian Wars, Coe’s Fruit Farm, Mary’s Occupation as the Only Doctor or “Doctress” in the Area et al.].
Hood River, Wasco County, Oregon, 29 May 1859. Large Octavo (ca. 26x19,5 cm). 4 pp. Letter from Mary Coe: Hood Place, May 1859, 6 pp., 12mo (ca. 20x13 cm). Both brown ink on white paper. Mild fold marks, minor tear on the lower fold of the first page of Nathaniel’s letter, but overall very good legible letters.
Interesting Autograph Letters Signed from a noted Oregon pioneer Nathaniel Coe and his wife Mary, written from their farm on the bank of the Columbia River on the site of the future town of Hood River (Hood River post office was established at the site of the present city in 1858, and the city itself was incorporated in 1895). Addressed to Nathaniel’s sister Sophia H. Coe in Ohio, the letters contain some interesting notes on the pioneer life in Oregon, and on the relations with native tribes during the Indian Wars in the middle 1850s.
“You, I suppose, wish to know how we are satisfied with Oregon. I can say I think it was best for us to come. Our prospects to competency, as to worldly property, is better here, than it would have been in the country, we left. I also greatly prefer this climate. But we miss very much the friends we left. In our location we have been exposed to real danger for nearly a year during the Indian war. But that is past through the kind protecting care of God, we were not mobsted. We do not apprehend any further danger of that kind. The Indians are friendly and dare not be otherwise. A settlement reside about us. These have most of them been friendly all along. Three or four joined the hostile Indians in their attack on the cascades. But they are not stationary here all the year, but rove about. Their staple article of food is salmon. In a few weeks they will all be gone to the salmon fisheries along the Columbia River. After that they go to the mountains to gather berries. Sometimes they are away at different localities digging roots. And they dig many roots about here. Our oldest son, Lawrence, is located at Dallas City. He is part owner of the steamboat “Col. Wright” running on the Columbia River above the <…?> to Walla Walla.”
Coe proceeds talking about his farm with the abundance of currants, gooseberries, cultivated strawberries, apples, quinces, cherries, plums, apricots and peaches. “We sold last year about 20 Bushels of peaches from 10 to 16 ½ dollars a Bushel. Butter at the Dalles, I think, has never been less than fifty cents a pound, from that up to a Dollar. Eggs about the same. Good cows are worth in this vicinity about sixty or sixty five dollars. Bees are introduced into Oregon and are sold at $125 to 150 a hive…”
A letter from Mary Coe mostly speaks about family matters, but also contains some interesting information about her occupation: “My time is very much occupied. I have the care of my family – usually six or seven, sometimes more, but I am the only female and I am the only Doctor in the neighbourhood or Doctress, if you please. I use Homeopathy which you know can be given without injury to the patient, even if you do not get the right kind at first, the doses are so small. Do you use this kind of medicine? – if not I advise you should…”
“The [Hood River] area was inhabited by Native Americans when the Lewis and Clark expedition passed through on October 29, 1805. Here they found a camp site called "Waucoma," or "place of big trees." The camp was located near what became known as the Dog River and its confluence with the Columbia River. Later, Mrs. Nathaniel (Mary) Coe, a well-known pioneer resident of the valley, objected to the name Dog River and succeeded in changing the name to Hood River. The name Hood River appears on a map as early as 1856. Originally a part of Wasco County, Hood River County gained its political separation on June 23, 1908, and its boundaries have remained unchanged to the present time.
Nathaniel and Mary Coe were the original owners of a 319 acre government land grant bordered on the east by (what is now) Front Street, on the north by the Columbia River, on the west by Thirteenth Street, and on the south by May Street. In 1854 the Nathaniel Coe family filed a land claim on acreage now part of the City of Hood River. They were soon followed by the William Jenkins family and the Benson family. Coe was one of the first to plant fruit trees in the Hood River Valley. Apple orchards flourished in this rich valley from 1890 to 1920, and Hood River became famous for its apples. In 1919 many apple trees were struck by a killing freeze. Farmers replaced the apple trees with pear trees, and now Hood River county leads the world in Anjou Pear production” (History of Hood River/ The City of Hood River online).
50. [PACIFIC ISLANDS]
ZELLIEN, Honore, Captain
[Album with 158 Pencil Drawn Views of Ports, Islands, Rocks, Straits etc. all over the World, Including Views of the Marquesas, Pitcairn Island, Tuamotus, Tahiti, Vanikoro, New Hebrides, Solomons, Galapagos, Juan Fernandez Island, Strait of Magellan, Cape Horn, the Azores, Cape Verde Islands, Cape of God Hope, Cape Delgado, Cape Guardafui, Amsterdam and Saint Paul Island of French Antarctic Lands, entrance to the Sunda Strait, Coast of Borneo, Penang Island, and others, Titled:] Album de Marine.
Ca. 1911. Oblong Folio (ca. 19,5x35 cm). 81 paper leaves with 158 pencil drawings (on recto and verso of the leaves), and separate leaves for the “preface” and the “table of contents.” All drawings are numbered in the upper corners, signed and titled in ink on the lower margins, all are with tissue guards. Original dark green full cloth album with gilt lettered title on the front board. Corners slightly bumped, remnants of a paper label on the first pastedown endpaper, but overall a very good album.
Large interesting collection of coastal views of over 150 ports, islands, rocks, straits, river mouths et al. Around the world, representing naval career of Belgian captain Honore Zellien. As follows from the handwritten preface the album was finished in 1911 and contains “original copies of all my drawings done since and during the course of my apprenticeship, 1835-1836; the latter culminated in various and marvellous journeys across the most ravishing parts of the globe at different times when I started off travelling to England, France, Spain, and to almost all corners of the Mediterranean basin; and to many other countries and islands, rocks, capes, lighthouses…” (in translation). All drawings are supplemented with Zellien’s brief or extensive comments underneath.
The album opens with a view of Ostend (Belgium), apparently, the compiler’s home town or place of service. Interesting drawings include over twenty views of Pacific Islands: Nukuhiva (“it is on this island that Captain Collet was killed and eaten by cannibals and in his memory port Collet was built, which is the seat of government of the colony”), Pitcairn Island, Mangareva Island (Gambier Islands), two views of Ile de la Harpe (Hao atoll, Tuamotus) including its plan taken from the above, with a detailed explanation; Raiatea, Tahiti, Moorea, one of Tonga Islands, a small islet next to Vanikoro (Santa Cruz group of the Solomon Islands), one of Fiji Islands (probably, Viti Levu), Rurutu Island (Fiji), Tongoa Island (New Hebrides), Vanikoro Island (Solomons), and others. Western Pacific is shown on the views of Juan Fernandez Island, Alejandro Selkirk Island (Juan Fernandez Archipelago), the Chincha Islands (Peru) famous for their guano deposits; San Lorenzo Island (the largest island of Peru), Charles Island (Floreana of the Galapagos), “Ile de Wood”, one of the Revillagigego Islands (Mexico), the bay of Mazatlan (Mexico), Cape Corrientes, the entrance to the Gulf of California.
There are also a group of interesting views of the Strait of Magellan, Cape Horn, Port Elizabeth (Falkland Islands?), “Iceberg encountered by “L’Industriel” on the 12th of July 1840 80 miles south of Cape Horn”, and coast of Terra del Fuego. South America is shown in the views of the “Maranham” harbour (Sao Luis, Maranha, Brasil), Cape of Saint Augustine, Fernando de Noronha Island, Guanabara Bay (with the port of Rio de Janeiro), port of Valdivia (Chile), Valparaiso harbour, and port of Iquique with the route of the caravans laden with saltpetre. Drawings of North America include views of the mouth of the Penobscot River near Bangor (Maine), Portland harbour, Isla de Mona (Puerto Rico), and three views of Cuba (Cape San Antonio, entrance to the port of Havana, entrance to the port of Matanzas).
Over a dozen views of Atlantic Islands show Mount Pico (the Azores), La Palma Island (the Canaries), Madeira, Porto Santo, Tenerife, Cape Verde Islands (Santo Antão, Maio), Ascension Island, Saint Helena Island, Gough Island, Trinidad and Martim Vaz Islands; Africa is represented with the drawings of Cape Delgado (Mozambique), Cape of Good Hope, Goree (Senegal), mouth of the Nunez River (Guinea), and the interior of the Ropasse Factory on the Nunez River (dated 1857).
There are also six views of Suez Canal and the Red Sea (Port Said with the entrance to the Suez Canal, port of Alexandria, Jabal al-Tair Island, Strait Bab-el-Mandeb, Cape Aden, and Cape Guardafui); and seven views of various islands of the Indian Ocean: Socotra Island and Abd al Kuri Island (Yemen), one of the Seychelles Islands, Mauritius, Rodrigues Island, Amserdam Island and Saint Paul Island (both part of French Southern and Antarctic Lands).
Interesting views of South-East Asia show the entrance to the Sunda Strait, Babi Island, an island next to the Sumatran coast, Bangka Island, Durian Island, northwest coast of Borneo, Malacca Strait, Penang Island, Nicobar Islands, coast of Sri Lanka, harbour of Madras, and others.
Europe is represented with seventeen views of the coast of Great Britain: English Channel (Dover, Beachy Head, the Isle of Wight, Portland Bill, Eddystone lighthouse, Lizard Point, the Casquets rocks, Land’s End Point (near Penzance, Cornwall), La Corbière lighthouse (Jersey), Strait of Dover); Bishop Rock (Isles of Scilly); Isle of Wicklow (St.George’s Channel, Ireland); Holyhead rock near Anglesey (Wales); Black Rock (Fort Perch Rock, Liverpool Bay), Skerry of Lambaness (Shetland Islands), and others. There are also over twenty views of the coast of France, Spain and Portugal: Boulogne, Dieppe, cliffs near Étretat, Le cap de la Hève (Normandie), semaphore of Penmarch (Brittany), Groix Island, the port of Nantes, Cordouan Lighthouse; Santander, Cape Finisterre, the Cíes Islands, port of Cadiz, fortress at Tarifa; the Berlengas Islands, the port of Lisbon, Cape Espichel, Cape St. Vincent.
Over twenty five views depict the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar: the Rock of Gibraltar, Malaga, Cape Spartel (Morocco), Cabo de Gata, port of Alicante, port of Algiers, Cape Carbon (Algeria), Cape Mustafa (Tunis), Pantelleria Island (Italy), Malta, Sicily (with the port of Palermo and another coastal view with Mount Etna), Cape Matapan (Greece), Kythira (Cerigo) Island, Milos Island, Syros Island, Samos Island, the port of Smyrna (Izmir), Tenedos Island (Turkey), entrance to the Dardanelles strait, Marmara Island, two views of the entrances to the Bosphorus Strait (from the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea). Six drawings are dedicated to the Black Sea: Snake Island (Danube Delta), Crimean coast near Balaklava, port of Kerch, port of Trebizond (Trabzon, Turkey), port of Sinop, and port of Samsun.
In the early 1900s Honore Zellien served for the Association Maritime Belge (ASMAR), and in 1907-1908 was in command of Belgian naval cadets who cruised for 18 months on five-masted sailing ship R.C. Rickmers on the route San Pedro-Sydney-San Francisco-Tacoma.
51. [PANAMA CANAL CONSTRUCTION & KINGSTON EARTHQUAKE]
[Album of Thirty-one Original Photographs Showing a trip by a Group of Chicago Businessmen Touring Panama at the time of the Construction of the Panama Canal and also Puerto Rico, Cuba and Kingston, Jamaica at the time of the Earthquake There].
1907. Oblong Folio (28,5x40 cm). 25 black heavy card stock leaves. The album contains twenty mounted large platinum prints each ca. 18,5x24 cm (7 ½ x 9 ½ in) and eleven mounted smaller gelatin silver prints each ca. 11x16 cm (4 ½ x 6 ½ in) or slightly smaller. All images captioned in white manuscript on mounts. Original black pebbled cloth album by The Heinn Co.. Cover with some staining but overall still a very good album with strong and sharp images.
This album which documents the construction of the Panama Canal and the 1907 Kingston Earthquake includes images of: Chicago Party (of business men); Landing Place (La Marina) San Juan, P.R. " waiting for more carriages;" Casa Blanca, P.R.; Old City Wall, gate and watchtower at San Juan P.R.; Group at Panama R.R. Station; Native Huts, Panama; A very small part of old French machinery at Empire, Canal Zone; Steam Shovel at Gatun, Canal Zone; View from Ancon, Panama, showing reservoir and Hotel Tivoli; Part of Culebra Cut; Part Old Spanish Cemetery, Panama. "no pay no stay;" Ruins of oldest church in Panama; Avenue of Royal Palms near Rio Cobre Hotel, Spanish Town, Jamaica; Street Scene in Kingston, Jamaica, showing effect of earthquake (1907); Harbour, Santiago, Cuba; The Morro, Santiago, Cuba; Scene in Guantanamo Harbour, Cuba; Drawbridge at Cabanas, Havana; Laurel Ditch, Cabanas, Havana, Cuba; Sunset, close of the last day of the trip; Disembarking into boats; U.S. Warships at Guantanamo; Public Square, San Juan; After the earthquake; Tivoli Hotel, Ancon, C.Z.; Kingston inhabitants; Empire, C.Z.; Culebra Cut, March 2, 1907; Kingston Kids; Morro Castle, Havana; Sunset.
The U.S. formally took control of the canal property on May 4, 1904, but construction of the Panama Canal would take another 10 years before completion.
"The 1907 Kingston earthquake which shook the capital of the island of Jamaica with a magnitude of 6.5.., was considered by many writers of that time one of the world's deadliest earthquakes recorded in history" (Wikipedia).
MUENSTER, Sebastian (1488-1552)
[Bird’s Eye Plan of Paris Titled:] Lutetia Parisiorum urbs, toto orbe Celeberrima Notissamquecaput Regni Franciae.
Basel: Heinrich Petri, 1559. Map from the Fourth Latin Edition of Cosmographiae Universalis lib. VI. Woodcut map ca. 27x34,5 cm (10 ½ x 13 ½ in) including the title printed above. Latin title and text on verso. Map with original centrefold, some mild age toning but overall a very good strong impression of this map.
An important map by Sebastian Muenster, one of the most influential cartographers of the sixteenth century. One of the first obtainable Birdseye views of Paris with the Ile de Cite in the centre of the view. The city with its coat of arms is shown in detail including fortified walls, bridges, churches, windmills etc.
SEUTTER, [Georg] Matthaeus (1647-1756)
[Map of Persia Titled:] Opulentissimi Regni Persiae Juxta suas Provincias.
Augsburg, ca. 1740. Hand coloured copper engraved map ca. 50x58,5 cm (20 x 23 ½ in). Map with original centre fold, one old repaired tear (5cm into printed area) and some edge wear of blank margins, but overall still a very good strong impression of this decorative map.
This detailed map is centered on Persia, and also shows all or parts of present-day Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
"Georg Matthäus Seutter was one of the most important and prolific German map publishers of the 18th century. Seutter started his career as an apprentice brewer. Apparently uninspired by the beer business, Seutter left his apprenticeship and moved to Nuremberg where he apprenticed as an engraver under the tutelage of the prominent J. B. Homann. Sometime in the early 18th century Seutter left Homann to establish his own independent cartographic publishing firm in Augsburg. Though he struggled in the early years of his independence, Seutter’s engraving skill and commitment to diversified map production eventually gained him a substantial following. Most of Seutter’s maps were heavily based upon, if not copies of, earlier work done by the Homann and Delisle firms. By 1732 Seutter was one of the most prolific publishers of his time and was honored by the German Emperor Charles VI with the title of "Imperial Geographer." Seutter continued to publish until his death, at the height of his career, in 1757.
The Seutter firm continued under Seutter’s wastrel son Albrecht Carl until his death in 1762. Following Albrecht’s death, the firm was divided between the established Probst firm and the emerging firm of Tobias Conrad Lotter. Lotter, Matthäus Seutter’s son in law, was a master engraver and worked on behalf of the Seutter firm. Lotter would eventually become one of the most prominent cartographers of his day" (Wikipedia); Tooley Q-Z, p.150.
54. [POLAND - WROCLAW (BRESLAU AND GRAEFENBERG)]
[Souvenir Autograph Book with 23 Loose Leaves Filled in with Manuscript Poems and Wishes in the Tradition of a University “Album Amicorum,” Mostly from Breslau and Graefenberg, the Latter entries most likely Done by the First Patient of Vincent Priessnitz’s Hydrotherapy Clinic in Graefenberg; The leaves Include Three Ink and Pencil Drawn Full-Page City Views].
Breslau and Graefenberg, ca. 1816, 1834-1839. 23 loose leaves, each ca. 8x13,5 cm (with twelve blank leaves at rear). Brown ink on white writing paper, the text is generally in German, but also in French, English and Russian; three leaves are with one ink and watercolour, and two pencil drawn views. Leaves with all edges gilt and housed in the original card box (ca. 9x14,5 cm), with velvet covered boards and spine, and gilt covered paper decorative borders. The box is inserted in the original pink card slipcase. The box and slipcase are slightly worn and soiled, but otherwise a very good internally clean item.
An attractive example of a 19th century German souvenir autograph book, containing manuscript verses and wishes, as well as three nicely executed miniature drawings. The leaves were filled in mostly in Breslau and Graefenberg (now Lázně Jeseník, Czech Republic), which was the site of a famous spa and hydrotherapy clinic of Vincent Priessnitz at the time. The entries from Graefenberg are dated 1838 and 1839 which were the very first years of the clinic’s official work, and most probably were written by some of the clinic’s first patients. Among the authors of the inscriptions are an Austrian baron Louis Ransonnet-Villez, and Caroline von Münchhausen (Braunschweig). The drawings include two pencil views of Breslau, and one beautiful pen and watercolour view of an unidentified German city.
The Album Amicorum is supplemented with a period manuscript book titled “Erzählungen für Kinder von meinem guter Vater,” and signed “Dr. Bischoff,” apparently from the estate of the compiler of the Album Amicorum. The manuscript book (Small octavo, bound in a period brown half sheep with cracks and losses on the spine) contains 40 pages of handwritten children stories (in German) and is illustrated with 19 hand coloured woodcuts, pasted to the book’s blank leaves.
55. [RED BARON]
RICHTHOFEN, Manfred von (1892-1918)
[Album with 20 Original Photographs, Titled on the Front Cover:] Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918). Photo Album.
Ca. 1916 - early 1918. Oblong Folio (ca. 24,5x32 cm), 7 card leaves. 20 mounted gelatin silver prints of various size, including two large aerial panoramas ca. 15,5x27,5 cm (6 ¼ x 10 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, and nine large photos ca. 12,5x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in), the rest of images are ca. 9x13 cm (3 ½ x 5 ¼ in) and smaller. Three images numbered in negative. Handsome recent red full morocco album with gilt tooled decorative frame (with the Iron Cross) and title on the front board, and blind stamped decorative border on the rear border; white moiré endpapers. Two panoramas consist of two parts neatly stuck together, several images with minor silvering, but overall a near fine album.
Rare collection of original photographs dedicated to the German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I, including some of the last portraits of Manfred von Richthofen. The album opens with two views of Heidelberg and six aerial views of an airfield and a hangar constructed near a West European city, apparently one of the German airbases at the time, in Belgium or France. The photos include two large two-part panoramas and show the aircraft hangar, a small plane on the landing strip, surrounding infrastructure (service buildings, a railway leading to the hangar), and a small European city within medieval star like defensive walls. A series of six photos portray an inspection of a German air force base by the German High Command headed by Paul von Hindenburg, Germany’s Chief of General Staff since 1916. There is also a picture of the German mechanics servicing a biplane fighter which is decorated with the iron crosses painted on the tail and wings (late insignia with a simple rectangular cross which was used in March/April – November 1918).
The album closes with three important photograph portraits of several of Germany’s top pilots gathered for the flying contest at the Adlershof aviation testing center outside Berlin in mid-January 1918. The photos depict exactly the same moment as the “Richthofen Film” (part 2) made by A.F.G. Fokker in 1918 (see the original video at Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive online, http://www.ushmm.org/online/film/display/detail.php?file_num=3353; copyright by the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum). The first photo shows famous German ace Manfred von Richthofen or “Red Baron” (1892-1918; the top ace of the war, credited with 80 air combat victories) talking to Hans Klein (1891-1944), a German fighter ace credited with 22 aerial victories, awarded with the Iron Cross and the Pour le Merite order, or “Blue Max” in October 1917. The second photo portrays Adolf von Tutscheck (1891-1918), Commander of Jagdgeschwader 2 since February 1918, awarded with the Blue Max in August 1917. On the photo he is shown in a flight hat and wearing his Blue Max.
The third photo is a group portrait of six of German fighter pilots (from left to right): Lt. Erich Löwenhardt (1897-1918; the third highest German flying ace with 54 victories, awarded with the Blue Max in May 1918); Oberlt. Bruno Loerzer (1891-1960; commander of Jasta 26, later of Jasta III, the third of the German famous “flying circuses,” awarded with the Blue Max in February 1918); Manfred von Richthofen, Lt. Kurt Schwarzenberger (chief test pilot for the experimental fighter division of Idflieg); Hans Klein; Albert Mühlig-Hofmann (1886-1980, commander of the Field Equipment Service of Idflieg). Note that Hans Klein is shown wearing his Blue Max and still possesses his right index finger (shot off in combat on 19 February 1918). These portraits are one of the last depictions of Adolf von Tutscheck (killed in action on March 15, 1918), Manfred von Richthofen (killed in action on April 21, 1918), and Erich Löwenhardt (killed in action on August 10, 1918).
Overall a very interesting historically significant photograph collection.
56. [REGENCY ENGLISH COSTUMES]
[Album with Thirty Original Watercolours Showing English Costumes of the Regency Era].
Ca. 1820. Large Quarto (ca. 30x25,5 cm). Twenty-eight card stock leaves. With thirty mounted watercolours, five large images ca. 20,5x14,5 cm (8 x 5 ¾ in) or slightly smaller, the rest are from ca. 14x12,5 cm (5 ½ x 4 ¾ in) to ca. 8x7,5 cm (3 ¼ x 3 in). Two watercolours with period ink notes on the lower margins. One portrait is in four copies, one - in three, and five are in two copies. Period black full sheep album with gilt stamped decorative border on the boards and the spine, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt. Album mildly rubbed on extremities but the watercolours are bright and sound. Overall a very good album.
Attractive album with costumes of English villagers of the Regency era showing a boy with a hayfork reading a letter, a girl with a rake, a woman wearing a bonnet, a boy in a turban, a child with a cat, a knight in armour, figures of children with baskets or twigs, a portrait of a female school master (copied from a French engraving) and others.
[Attractive Unsigned Watercolour of the Coliseum and the Arch of Constantine in Rome].
Ca. 1860. Watercolour ca. 14x40 cm (5 ½ x 15 ½ in). Recently matted and framed, and with a minor faint crease mark in upper right corner, but overall a very good watercolour.
This attractive watercolour shows the Coliseum (left) and the Arch of Constantine (right) and several dozen visitors in the fore and background. "The Colosseum, or the Coliseum, originally the Amphitheatrum Flavium is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, built of concrete and stone. It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering..., The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312." (Wikipedia).
[Collection of Four Large Photographs of Rome].
Ca. 1870. Four large mounted albumen prints each ca. 27x38 cm (10 ½ x 15 in). Two captioned in negative Foro Romano; 32 Interno del Colosoco Roma. The mounts with some wear and soiling, one with tears and creases, but overall a very good collections of early photographs.
The attractive Rome photographs in this collection include two photographs of the Coliseum (exterior & interior) and two of the Forum including the Temple of Saturn.
Mesiatsoslov s Rospis’ju chinovnykh osob v gosudarstve, na leto ot Rozhdestva Christova 1802 [Calendar for the Year 1802 after the Birth of Christ, with an Annotated List of all State Officials].
Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, . Octavo. xxiv, 514, viii pp. Title page with a woodcut vignette, Pp. 261-262 bound at pp. 513-514 (and vice versa), but all pages present. Original period marbled papered wrappers. Owner’s inscription in English on the inner side of the front wrapper, dated “Jan. 1802”. Wrappers slightly rubbed, but overall a very good copy.
Very rare early edition of the “address-calendar” – official government printed directory of state institutions of the Russian Empire, with names and ranks of all state officials. General address-calendars covering the whole territory of the Russian Empire were published annually from 1765 until 1916, first by the Imperial Academy of Sciences (until 1867), later – by the special department of the Governing Senate of the Russian Empire.
Our Mesiatseslov is a rare copy of the first issue of the address calendar resumed after a five-year prohibition to publish during the reign of Paul I. Shortly after Alexander I had become the new emperor of Russia, a special decree was issued “to publish Mesiatseslov with the list of state officials exactly the same way as it used to be issued before 1797, with full names of the statesmen” (Decree from 14 June 1801). Worldcat indicates only one copy of this edition in the collection of early Russian address calendars (1765-1806) of the University of Göttingen Library.
The Mesiatseslov opens with a detailed calendar for 1802, list of the state and church holidays, information about post office schedules and tariffs. The first part contains a list of officials of all central state institutions: the State Council, Emperor’s Court and Cabinet, commanders and officers of all regiments of the Emperor’s Life Guard (Preobrazhensky, Semenovsky, Izmailovsky Cavalry Regiments et al.). Then follows a list of officials of the Governing Senate, the Holy Synod and all Ministries and Collegiums of the Empire, supplemented with the lists of foreign ambassadors and consuls in Russia, main staff of Russian banks, post offices, Saint Petersburg wharf, State Mint, Police Department, Imperial Academy of Sciences and Academy of Arts, Moscow University, the Cadet Corps and other educational and charity institutions. The general list finishes with the names of managers of the Imperial theatres and State Archives. The second part contains names and ranks of the chief state officials in all Russian provinces and governing territories (over 40), including Georgia, officially annexed by Russia in 1801.
The title page is decorated with a woodcut vignette of coat of arms of the Russian Empire; the inner side of the front wrapper is inscribed by the owner who apparently acquired the Mesiatseslov shortly after it had been printed, in January 1802. Overall a very original copy of this rare Russian imprint.
60. [SAINT PETERSBURG]
BAKMANSON, Gugo Karlovich (1860-1953)
[Chromolithograph Portrait of the Emperor Nicholas II of Russia:] Ego Imperatorskoe Velichestvo Gosudar Imperator Nikolai Alexandrovich v forme L. Gv. Konnago Efo Velichestva polka [Sa Majesté Impériale L’Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en uniforme du régiment des Gardes-à-cheval].
Saint Petersburg: R.V. Pets, E.I. Marcus Lith., 1896. Chromolithograph ca. 38x52 cm (ca. 15 x 20 ½ in). Paper very mildly browned, minor mounting residue on verso, otherwise a very good chromolithograph.
This beautiful portrait of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II is one of the most spectacular plates from the special album issued to commemorate the coronation of Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Fedorovna which took place in Moscow on 14 (26) May 1896. The album was published by the Saint Petersburg company of Robert Poetz under title “Souvenir du Couronnement de Leurs Majestés Impériales à Moscou 1896. L`Empereur Nicolas Alexandrovitch en tenue de 10 régiments dont Sa Majesté est Chef.” It consisted of ten chromolithographs depicting the Emperor dressed in the uniforms of ten Imperial regiments which he was the Chief of; the album was printed in very small print run which were intended for the members of the Imperial House of Romanovs and people close to them. The drawings for the album were executed by a renowned Russian painter of battle pieces Gugo Karlovich Backmanson, a student of the Russian Academy of Arts and an officer of the Life-Guards Izmailovsky Regiment since 1884.
The Emperor is shown mounted on a horse and dressed in the official uniform of the Imperial Life-Guards Cavalry regiment. Nicholas II is shown on the Palace Square with the Winter Palace and the Alexander Column in the background. The official censorship permission printed on the lower margin of the lithograph is 24 April 1896, which is just a couple of weeks before the coronation.
61. [SAINT PETERSBURG - SCHOOL OF JURISPRUDENCE]
[Album with 27 Original Photographs of the Exteriors and Interiors of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, Titled:] Imperatorskoye Uchilishche Pravovedeniya, 1897-1898.
St. Petersburg: Oblong Quarto (ca. 25,5x34 cm), Ca. 1898. Twenty-seven albumen prints mounted on recto of card stock leaves, including twelve large images ca. 16,5x 22,5 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in), the rest are ca. 11,5x17 cm or (4 ½ x 6 ¾ in). No captions. Original full sheep maroon album with gilt lettered title of the front board, moiré endpapers, all edges gilt (faded). Paper label of the bindery of A. Abe (Nevsky Prospect, Saint Petersburg) on verso of the front free endpaper. Binding loose on hinges, mounts age toned and slightly soiled, several images mildly faded, one with a minor scratch, but overall a very good album.
Rare keepsake album with large photos of the Russian Imperial School of Jurisprudence – one of the most prestigious colleges in pre-revolutionary Russia specializing in law and state administration. The photos include a general view of the school taken from the Fontanka River embankment, images of the front entrance and the inner yard, and numerous views of the interiors: the main hall with the school’s device “Respice Finem” above the monument to Alexander II, the college church, classrooms, halls, corridors, musical room, gym, dining room, kitchen, reading room, several views of the dormitories, shower room, and boiler room. Students, teachers, and servants present on most photos (posing for the camera or reading, playing piano, et al.).
“The Imperial School of Jurisprudence (Russian: Императорское училище правоведения) was, along with the Page Corps, the most prestigious school for boys in Saint Petersburg, the capital of the Russian Empire. The school for would-be imperial administrators was founded by Duke Peter of Oldenburg in 1835. The classes were accommodated in six buildings along the Fontanka Quay. The premises were extensively renovated in 1893–95 and 1909–10, when the main building acquired its distinctive cupola. After the October Revolution of 1917, the school was disbanded, but its memory survives in the nursery rhyme about Chizhik-Pyzhik. Among the instructors were the leading lawyers of Imperial Russia, such as Anatoly Koni and Włodzimierz Spasowicz. Boys studied in the school for six or seven years. The graduates of the School of Jurisprudence include Ivan Aksakov, Aleksey Apukhtin, Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Vladimir Stasov, Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and his younger brother Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky” (Wikipedia).
BERENGER-FERAUD, Laurent Jean Baptiste (1832 -1900) & POQUET, A. (Artist)
[Album of Seventeen Original Watercolours Titled:] Vues et types du Sénégal [Views and Types of Senegal].
1873. Large Quarto (31x21 cm). 14 pp. The seventeen captioned (in French) watercolours each between ca. 9,5x21 cm and 16x9 cm are mounted on thirteen pages. Booklet with original beige paper wrappers with manuscript French title in red and the name of Berenger Feraud in ink crossed out in pencil on front cover with a list of illustrations and the name of the artist A. Poquet (Del.) 1873 in ink on verso. Rear cover creased and with small tears and a small hole in the last watercolour mounted on recto of rear cover.
In 1872-3 Bérenger-Féraud was Director of Health Services in Senegal, and most of these attractive watercolours must have made by the accompanying artist Poquet on Bérenger-Féraud's Senegal River expedition to inspect the medical facilities at the various French outposts along the River. The subjects of the watercolours include: View of the town of Dagana; View of the town of Richard-Toll; View of Fort Bakel; Moorish Princess, Emirate of Trarza; Moorish Goldsmith, Emirate of Trarza; Mandingo Costume; Bambara Man; Bambara Woman; Fula Woman; Mandingo Woman; Young Darmanko Moor; Wolof woman carrying her child; Ronier Palm; Second dam above Felou Falls; Mountains of Maka Gnian; View of Koundian, Mali; View of Dabou Outpost, Ivory Coast. In 1879, Bérenger-Féraud published "Les peuplades de la Sénégambie. Histoire. Ethnographie. Moeurs et coutumes. Légendes, etc. (Paris: Ernest Leroux)." In that work he announced the preparation of a book on Senegal, which was never published. Most likely the paintings in this present booklet had been prepared by Poquet for the publication of that unpublished book on Senegal.
RAFFENEL, Anne (1809-58)
Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale comprenant l'exploration du Senegal, depuis Saint-Louis jusqu'a la Faleme, au-dela de Bakel; de la Faleme, depuis son embouchure jusqu'a Sansandig; des mines d'or de Kenieba, dans le Bambouk; des pays de Galam, Bondou et Woolli; et de la Gambie, depuis Baracounda jusqu'a l'Ocean; execute, en 1843 et 1844, par une commission composee de MM. Huard-Bessinieres, Jamin, Raffenel, Peyre-Ferry et Pottin-Patterson. [Travels in West Africa Including the Exploration of Senegal ..,].
Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1846. First Edition. Small Quarto Text & Folio Atlas. vii, 512 pp. With two lithographed folding maps and twenty-two hand coloured illustrations on eleven lithographed plates. Text in period brown gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. Atlas in period-style green gilt tooled quarter calf with marbled boards. One map with expertly repaired tears, text with some very minor foxing and rubbed on extremities but overall still a very good set.
Text with the bookplate of John Ralph Willis. "In 1843-4 the marine officer Anne Raffenel explored Bambouk, and in 1846-48 made his way into Kaarta. Raffenel. Born at Versailles, had joined the navy in 1826 and for the next sixteen years voyaged to different parts of the world. He was appointed governor of Madagascar in 1855 and died there in June 1858" (Howgego 1800-1850, W23); "Explorations made in 1843 on the upper [Faleme] river by Raffenel carried him to Bambouk and the gold-bearing regions of the Faleme; he then traveled into Kaarta, the country of the Bambara, where he was held prisoner for eight months, but the ministry quietly avoided acting on the proposal to stop native razzias on the posts by direct annexation" (Priestley, France Overseas, 52); Gay, 2915.
64. [SINAI & PALESTINE - WWI]
ELLIS, J. Compiler & Photographer
[Album of 96 Original Photographs Titled:] Australian Commonwealth Military Forces - Souvenir of Sinai & Palestine - Tpr. J. Ellis 7th L.H.
1916-1917. Oblong Small Folio (23x32 cm). 12 leaves. With 96 gelatin silver photographs each ca. 6x10 cm (2 ½ x 4 in). Inserted four per side recto and verso in twelve leaves, each with printed captions. Original publisher's maroon gilt titled cloth. Rebacked in period style, covers with some minor discolouration but overall a very good album with strong images.
The interesting images in this album include ones of: Cairo Railway Station, Armenian Refugees, Battle of Romani, Turkish prisoners, German Prisoners, casualties and graves, El Arish, Camp at Mesaid, Anzac Steeple Chase, Border Post Rafa, Natives Drawing Water from Khan-Yunes, Bedouins, Bilah, Wadi Ghuzzeh, Gaza etc. "This collection contains images of the local people and locations in Egypt, Gaza Strip and Palestine such as Cairo, Arish, Khan Yunis, Wadi Ghuzze as well as military images from the battles of Romani and Gaza. The collection also includes images of Anzacs, Light Horse Brigades and Turkish and German soldiers.
The Australian Light Horse Studies Centre web site states that this album was self published by Trooper J. Ellis and that the photographs were all taken by Ellis and cover the period from the Battle of Romani to the Third Battle of Gaza (1916-1917)" (National Library of Australia).
65. [SOUTH AFRICA]
TEMPLER, Charles Bertram, Major (1860-1931)
[Collection of Six Original Watercolours of South Africa, with two Watercolour Views taken at the coast of Normandy, France].
Ca. 1923. Oblong Folio (27,5x37,5 cm). 4 card leaves. Eight watercolours mounted on recto and verso of the card album leaves, each ca. 17,5x25 cm (7x10 in). All watercolours captioned in ink on lower margins of the album leaves, signed “CBT” and dated in the lower left or right corners of the drawings. Period style black half sheep with brown cloth boards. Card mounts slightly age toned, otherwise a very good album.
An album of interesting watercolours of South Africa created by Major C.B. Templer of the Indian Army, 19th Regiment of Bengal Lancers (Fane’s Horse). He served in India in 1880-1893 and took part in the second Mirazai Expedition of 1891. During his service with the 19th Lancers Templer participated in the horse races and was the first holder of the Indian Grand National Trophy (Some reminiscences of Indian Sport// The Field, The Country Gentleman's Newspaper, Christmas 1922, p. 5). After the end of his career Templer lived in Execliff (Exmouth), actively travelled around Europe and also visited South Africa.
The watercolours, dated December 1922-March 1923 include two views of Cape Town’s Sea Point area showing the Lion’s Head Mountain, Camps Bay and Twelve Apostles mountain range. Three watercolours taken near George (Western Cape Province) show the George Peak (Outeniqua Mountains), historic Montagu Pass and a pine plantation in the town’s vicinity. There is also a humorous portrait of a rickshaw in Johannesburg with the commentary: “A Conveyance much used by the Dutch in Jo'burg, something after the style of the Indian Jin-Rickoshaw! The men with them wear fantastic costumes!!!” The album additionally contains two later watercolours (dated July 1923) depicting an island commune of Mont Saint Michel in Normandy and a coastal view, apparently also in France. Overall a very good album with unusual views of South Africa.
66. [SOUTH AMERICA]
HONDIUS, Joducus (1563-1612) & MERCATOR, Gerardus (1512-1594)
[Map of South America Titled:] Americae Meridionalis.
Amsterdam, ca. 1620. Copper engraved original hand coloured map ca. 35,5x49 cm (14 x 19 ½ in). Original centrefold, Latin text on verso. Light age toning, otherwise a very good map with ample margins.
A very attractively hand coloured decorative map which includes vignettes of ships, sea monsters and indigenous people and an inset view of Cuzco the Inca capital. The Strait of Magellan is bordered in the South by Tierra Del Fuego, shown here as a part of a large southern continent and Eastern Brazil is shown as an island.
Jodocus Hondius "was a Dutch engraver, and cartographer. He is best known for his early maps of the New World and Europe, for re-establishing the reputation of the work of Gerard Mercator, and for his portraits of Francis Drake. He helped establish Amsterdam as the center of cartography in Europe in the 17th century" (Wikipedia). Koeman I, 9800:1A; Tooley's Mapmakers E-J p.364-5.
67. [SPAIN - TOLEDO]
BRAUN, Georg (1541-1622) & HOGENBERG, Frans (1535-1590)
[Bird's Eye View of Toledo Titled:] Toletum.
[Cologne], ca. 1598. Original hand coloured copper engraving ca. 37x50 cm (15x20 in). Latin text on verso. With an original centre fold, paper mildly age toned, but overall a very good strong impression of this attractive Birdseye view.
"This splendid bird's-eye view of Toledo was drawn by Georg Hoefnagel in 1566. The city is viewed from across the Tagus River with one of the Moorish bridges visible at right. The city was built around the cathedral with the Gothic church of San Juan de los Reyes and the Alcazar (Moorish fortress) perched on the hillsides. The view is enclosed in an elaborate framework with elevations of the cathedral and the Alcazar, called Palatium Regium Toletanum, at bottom"(Old World Auctions);
"Georg Braun was a topo-geographer. From 1572 to 1617 he edited the Civitates orbis terrarum, which contains 546 prospects, bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world" (Wikipedia); Civitates orbis terrarum is "the first atlas of town plans and views embracing the known world" (Tooley A-D, p.185);
68. [SRI LANKA - SPORT]
[Album of an English Tea Planter and Rugby Enthusiast in Ceylon with 113 Original Albumen Photographs and 95 Watercolours, Ink and Pencil Drawings from Ceylon, Malta, Egypt, Aden, India, etc..,].
Ca. 1879-1892. Folio (37,5x29 cm). With 113 albumen photographs ca. 23x27,5 cm (8 ½ x 11 in) and smaller with the smallest images ca. 9x6 cm (3 ½ x 2 ½ in) with 42 larger images. Most images captioned in black ink on mounts. With 95 watercolours and ink drawings ca. 25,5x17,5 cm (10x7 in) and smaller. Most captioned in black ink or pencil on mounts and in image. Period dark brown gilt tooled half morocco with green pebbled cloth boards. Extremities with some wear, head and tail of spine hinge splits, rear joint with split, some images mildly faded but overall still a very good album.
A very interesting album, compiled and illustrated by an English tea planter and early Rugby enthusiast, who help start the game in Ceylon. This album documents the compilers stay in Ceylon and also his stops in Malta, Egypt, Aden and India made on his voyages to Ceylon. Additionally images and watercolours from a European tour in France, Italy and Germany made by the album's compiler are included. The most historically important photographs in the album are the five rare images that document the beginnings of Rugby in Sri Lanka. These five photos show the members of the teams involved in the games and include: Dimbula & Dickoya Teams vs. "The World." Played and won in Kandy, in May 1880; Dimbula & Dickoya Teams vs. "The World." Played and won in Kandy, in May 1881; Upcountry vs. Colombo 1883; Upcountry vs. Colombo 1886 (2).
"Sri Lanka discovered the game of rugby at the same time as India, and the first rugby club, the Colombo Football Club, was founded in Sri Lanka in 1879. The first rugby match played between two selected teams occurred on 30 June that year between Colombo and a 'World' Team. The first ever club game to be played was on 7 September 1880 between Dickoya MCC and Dimbulla ACC at Darawella, with Dickoya winning the game by 9 points to 3" (Wikipedia).
The album also includes thirty images of Ceylon showing the Morar tea plantation (near Bogawantalawa) and bungalow (inside and out) of the compiler, the Kelani river, Bullock carts, Merchant Women, Buddhist Priests, Coolies, Snake Charmers, Tea Plucking, Tamil Girls Kandyan Chief, Singalese Man, Lady and village etc..,. Seventeen watercolours of Ceylon including Bentota beach, Mount Lavinia Hotel, Adam's Peak, and locals fishing, Buddhist priest, gardener, shoe maker, tailor etc..; 18 watercolours of exotic fruits and plants including Mangostines, Rambutans, Papaya, Guava, Cocoa, Nutmeg etc..; Twelve photos of Madras, India all from sea; Sixteen photos of Egypt including six of the Suez Canal, six of Port Said, Ismalia and three of Egyptians; Nine photos of Aden including the market, diving boys and panoramas; Four photos of Malta including Strada Teatro, Council Chamber Valletta etc..; Four photos of Queensland, Australia, including a street view of Cairns. Also watercolours of France including Auvergne, Reims, Royal village, Clermont-Ferrand, etc.; Photos of England including Bourton, Wilton, Richmond, Kingston, Bridstow, etc..; Photos of Germany including Dresden, Wiesbaden, Heidelberg, Cologne, Potsdam, etc..; One photo of Cape St. Vincent; Three photos on board the "S.S. India" in 1887, a transport ship on the England to India route.
69. [SUDAN - MAHDIST WAR]
[Album of Eight Original Photographs of Khartoum and Omdurman].
Oblong Folio (28x38 cm). 4 Beige Card Leaves. With eight platinum prints each ca. 15x21 cm (6x8 in). Photos captioned in black ink and in pencil on mounts. Period brown gilt tooled morocco half morocco with brown pebbled cloth boards. Rebacked and recornered in style, covers and mounts with some mild staining and wear, but overall a very good album.
Unique album of privately taken rare images of the main sites of the Mahdist War 1881-99, The album includes a photo of Slatin Pasha and associates in Khartoum in 1907, who at the time had just been made an honorary major-general in the British army and then became Inspector-General of the Sudan, a position he held until 1914. The other photographs include: Two of Sirdar's body guard & Band Sargeant, 60th Rifles, Khartoum 1907; Officers' Mess, Khartoum; Mahdi's House at Modurman as it now appears, 1907; Remains of Mahdi's Tomb; Sirdar's Steamer alongside Palace Landing, Khartoum; Khalifa's Council Room; Mahdi's old carriage in Arsenal, Omdurman.
"The Mahdist War (1881-99) was a British colonial war of the late 19th century, which was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, who had proclaimed himself the "Mahdi" of Islam (the “Guided One”), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, initially, and later the forces of Britain. From 18 years of colonial war resulted the joint-rule state of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1899-1956), a condominium of the British Empire and the Kingdom of Egypt" (Wikipedia).
RITCHIE, Joseph (ca. 1788-1819)
[Interesting Autograph Letter to John Whishaw, Secretary of the African Institution, Written at the Beginning of Ritchie's Ill-Fated Expedition to Africa, to Introduce Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, who was a son of the Prime Minister of the Pasha of Tripoli, and Later Would Become the Pasha’s Foreign Minister, and Additionally he was Later also Connected to the Fate of Alexander Laing].
Marseilles, 28 August 1818. Quarto (ca. 25,5x19,5 cm). 1 pp. Brown ink on watermarked laid paper. Mild fold marks and light chipping of the top margin, ink slightly faded, but overall a very good legible letter.
Rare historically important letter by Joseph Ritchie, an English surgeon and African explorer, written during his ill-fated expedition to Northern Africa in 1818-1819, which tried to ascertain the course of the Niger and the location of the fabled Timbuktu. Ritchie and George Lyon followed the route of Frederick Hornemann’s expedition of 1797, crossing the Sahara via Murzuq. “The expedition was underfunded, lacked support and because of the ideas of Barrow departed from Tripoli and thus had to cross the Sahara as part of their journey. A year later, due to much officialdom they had only got as far as Murzuk, the capital of Fezzan, where they both fell ill. Ritchie never recovered and died there” (Wikipedia).
The letter, written in Marseille shortly before Ritchie's departure for Malta was addressed to John Whisham (1764-1840), the secretary of the African Institution and the biographer of Mungo Park. Ritchie introduced to him 'Sidi Hassuna D'Ghies, a Tripolitan who has passed some time in this Town - & son of the present Minister of the Pacha. I am anxious in some measure to repay the Services which he has rendered me during a tedious detention here (waiting for a passage to Malta) by giving me much useful information respecting Africa; the interest which has been so kindly taken in the Attempt I am about to make, emboldens me to hope that his liberality & goodness will be well-appreciated in England'.
Hassuna D’Ghies was appointed the foreign minister of the Pasha of Tripoli in 1825. He “came from a wealthy merchant family with commercial interests in Ghadamis, Fazzan, and various European countries. Having spent seven years in London and Paris on business and diplomatic missions, he was familiar with European ways. [British consul in Tripoli] Warrington, who had most to lose from Hassuna D’Ghies insistence on conducting business with the consuls in a way which prevented their intervention in local affairs, used the death near Timbuktu in 1826 of the English explorer Major Laing as an occasion to force the pasha to dismiss his foreign minister. <…> Warrington claimed, without any substantial evidence, that Laing’s assassination had been plotted by the Pasha and D’Ghies, that the latter had given Laing’s papers to the French consul in return for a forty per cent reduction of a debt which he owed him and that Caillie had never set foot in Timbuktu and the diary he had published under his name was compiled from Laing’s papers.” As a result in 1829 D’Ghies was announced by the pasha responsible for Laing’s death and replaced as foreign minister by his brother Muhammed (Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period. Cambridge University Press, 1993, p. 202).
Ritchie was involved into scientific and literary circles of London. He foretold the exceptional literary future of John Keats, and “possibly from some association of ‘Endymion’ with the Mountains of the Moon, promised to carry a copy of the poem with him to Africa and fling it into the midst of the Sahara” (Oxford DNB).
71. [TUDOR CONQUEST OF IRELAND]
STAFFORD, Sir Thomas (d. 1655)
Pacata Hibernia: Ireland Appeased and Reduced: or, an Historie of the Late Warres of Ireland, Especially Within the Province of Mounster, Under the Government of Sir George Carew, Knight, then Lord President of that Province, and Afterwards Lord Carew of Clopton, and Earle of Totnes, &c. Wherein the siedge of Kinsale, the Defeat of the Earle of Tyrone, and his Armie; the Expulsion and Sending home of Don Iuan de Aguila, the Spanish Generall, with his Forces; and many Other Remarkeable Passages of that time are Related.
London: Robert Milbourne, 1633. First Edition. Folio. [xii], 391 pp. Two engraved portrait frontispieces, a large folding hand coloured engraved map by John Speed and Seventeen other engraved maps, plates and plans, most folding or double-page. 18th century brown gilt tooled full diced calf. Later rebacked and re-labelled, front board detached, trimmed title-page and last page laid down on old paper, generally trimmed maps and plates laid down on linen and old paper (some with later hand colouring), but overall still a good copy.
An important well illustrated account based on manuscripts by George Carew, Earl of Totnes (1555-1629) about his involvement as President of Munster in the Tudor Conquest of Ireland. "With the Nine Years' War spreading throughout Ireland and increasingly becoming a serious threat to English rule, Carew was appointed lord president of Munster on 27 January 1600, remaining in the post to 1604. Applying a mixture of skilled diplomacy and military force in his dealings with Florence MacCarthy and James fitz Thomas Fitzgerald, earl of Desmond (the so-called súgán earl), he succeeded in suppressing the rebellion in Munster within little over a year"(Oxford DNB);
Stafford "is thought to have been the son of George Carew., and the two lived together for many years.., By his will.., Carew bequeathed his manuscripts to Stafford. Thirty-nine of these volumes, today preserved at Lambeth Palace Library, remain a seminal collection for Irish history in the Elizabethan period and earlier.., Drawing on these documents, Stafford edited and published Pacata Hibernia: Ireland appeased and reduced, or, An historie of the late warres of Ireland, especially within the province of Mounster, under the government of Sir George Carew, knight (1633). Stafford claimed the book had been written three decades earlier by Carew himself, but ‘out of his retyred Modestie, the rather by him held backe from the Stage of Publication’. Once the manuscript was found by Stafford, he showed it to the ‘view and censure of divers learned and judicious persons’ by whom it was ‘esteemed worthy the view of the world’ (Pacata Hibernia, foreword). It would seem that Stafford himself was the author, however, compiling a somewhat tedious series of documents, interspersed with seventeen maps tracing the progress of different campaigns between 1599 and 1603" (Oxford DNB).
[PANOV, Ivan N.]
[Collection of Eighty-Two Original Photographs of Soviet Uzbekistan, Including over Thirty Views of Old Tashkent Taken before the 1966 Earthquake, Street Views of Bukhara, Fergana, Namangan, a View of the Syr Darya River in Khujand, and a Series of Picturesque Portraits of Local People].
Ca. 1928-1930. Eighty-two loose gelatin silver prints from ca. 13x18 cm (5 ¼ x 7 in) to ca. 10x14 cm (3 ¾ x 5 ½ in). Two photos captioned in pen/pencil in Russian on verso, one with a typewritten paper label and a censorship stamp on verso; several are numbered on verso. Two photos with the traces of old mounts on verso, but overall a very good collection.
Large collection of early vivid photo views and scenes of Soviet Uzbekistan taken just several years after it had become a part of Soviet Union (1924). The images were taken by talented Tashkent photographer Ivan Panov who worked for the State Art Publishing House in Moscow (Izogiz). Many of Panov’s views of Central Asian cities and landscapes, as well as portraits of local people were printed as postcards by the Izogiz in the 1930s (he is known for his views of Tashkent, Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Chelyabinsk, Moscow, Black Sea resorts and others).
The collection includes over thirty views of Tashkent which give a great representation of the old city before its destruction in the 1966 earthquake (most of the historic areas were ruined and the city was rebuilt on the basis of Soviet architectural styles). There are views of Tashkent street and squares with small shops, open air markets, tram cars, donkey riders, numerous street signs, theatre posters, et al.; close views of the old building of the main post office; People’s House which housed the first theatre in Central Asia (since 1912, later housed the Art Museum of Uzbekistan, was demolished in 1974); Sheihantaur architectural complex; Revolution (former Kaufman) Park with a street bookshop decorated with constructivist ornaments; Soviet club housed in a former mosque; building of a museum with the sign “The Museum is open;” “Winter Khiva” cinema theatre on Karl Marx prospect (built in 1917 and destroyed during the 1966 earthquake), et al. Other regions of Uzbekistan are shown on two photos of the Syr Darya River bank in Khujand, two street views of Fergana, a picturesque view of a street in Bukhara (with the typewritten label and a censorship stamp on verso), image of a carpet market in Namangan, and a series of views of ruins of old mosques and ancient fortifications in the Kwarezm region. There are also over twenty-five group and individual portraits of Uzbeks: fruit and nut sellers, donkey riders, crowds on the market, men and boys at a gathering or in chaihana (tea house), group of women under paranja at a cotton market, a scene with a dancing man cheered by his family, an Uzbek family next to their yurt, and others. Overall a valuable visual archive documenting the early years of Soviet Uzbekistan.
73. [WEST INDIES - FRENCH TRADE]
[Manuscript Journal in English Titled:] An Arrêt for Establishing a Council of Commerce, Paris, [29th June] 1700.
Ca. 1700. [ii], 11, 196 pp. Manuscript journal written in a neat and easily legible cursive script in brown ink on laid paper, with the ownership inscription "Sam Browns - 1735." Handsome period dark brown elaborately gilt tooled panelled full calf with gilt title label. Rebacked in period style, some very minor foxing but overall in very good condition.
This English translation of the 1700 Paris Arrêt of the King's Council of State for Establishing a Council of Commerce, contains petitions and reports presented by the deputies of the Council of Trade in France to the Royal Council. This manuscript almost certainly pre-dates the printed bilingual version in French and English which was published in Paris in 1701. The main articles contained include: "A memorial concerning the Guinea Company, the commerce of the French colonies in America, the present state of the islands, which the French possess there, & the means of preserving & extending their trade in those parts; with remarks upon the restraining some branches of commerce to certain ports & upon exclusive companies, as also on farms certain commodities, particularly the farms of tobacco and sugar" (this article describes the French colonies in the West Indies including French Guiana, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint-Kitts, Saint Croix, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint Martin with details on their size, number of colonists, slaves, conditions of the soil and main settlements and crops also being given). Another article describes French commerce with the Levant and why Marseilles "alone has the privilege of trading thither." Other articles describe how French trade can be restored with Spain and the Northern Countries. While one other important issue discussed is the "scarcity of gold & silver bullion, & the exportation of coin out of the kingdom." France's King Louis XIV of France wanted to restore, improve and expand trade after the Nine Years' War had been concluded with the Treaty of Ryswick and so this Arret represents a comprehensive study of the state of French trade and how these goals could be accomplished.
74. LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Complete Set of Forty Numbered Magic Lantern Slides. With the Explanatory Text (16 pages) Titled:] The Life and Work of David Livingstone, Missionary and Explorer.
London: London Missionary Society, ca. 1880. Forty numbered magic lantern slides ca. 8x8 cm (3x3 in). Some of the slides with pigment that has mildly congealed (minor manufacturing flaw) but overall the slides are in very good condition. [With] explanatory text in original publishers' blue printed wrappers. Folded with two creases, some mild edge wear, front cover mildly faded but overall still a very good collection.
This rare complete set of forty numbered magic lantern slides (glass positives) includes images of Livingstone's early life, the routes of Livingstone's travels, his missionary travels, his crossing of Africa, Victoria Falls, the Zambezi Expedition, his last expedition including his meeting with Stanley and finally his death and memorial.
75. LIVINGSTONE, David (1813-1873)
[Autograph Letter Signed "David Livingstone" Dated at Mr. Stearns', Malabar Hill, Nov. 2nd 1865 and Addressed on the Verso “To H. Chowfussy." “I expect a telegram from James Young... On a subject of considerable importance to me, but as it would appear from your careful investigation that no telegram has come from England for me, the only other source I can imagine must have been from the Governor and as I have written to him to-day he will see that I have not received any - I think that no further search need be made but with hearty thanks I remain sincerely yours..,”; With: A Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph Of Livingstone Standing by a Table ca. 1865 (8.5 x 5.5 cm)].
Nov. 2nd 1865. Octavo letter (ca. 18x11,5 cm) in four pages on a bifolium. Carte de Visite Albumen Photograph mounted on period stiff card with pencil caption "Livingstone" under photograph. Brown ink written in a legible hand on laid beige paper. Fold marks and with residue of mounting paste, but overall the letter and the photograph are in very good condition.
In November 1864, Livingstone had decided that he "would try to ‘settle’ the watersheds of central Africa, though he insisted that he remained primarily a missionary. He planned to return to the Rovuma, pass to the north of Lake Nyasa, look for the Nile headwaters, and then make for Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika; but he still hoped to find a site for a trading mission. The expedition was to be small-scale, without a steamboat, and without other Europeans. The RGS put up £500, as did the British government; and £1000 came from James Young, a friend from Livingstone's student days in Glasgow, who had made a fortune from distilling paraffin"(Oxford DNB); James Young's (1811-1883) £1000 contribution is perhaps what explains the importance of the mentioned telegram to Livingstone. This letter dates from Livingstone's time in Bombay where he organized and recruited for this expedition. "In Bombay, Livingstone recruited several sepoys, and twelve Africans from mission schools.., [and] the governor, Sir Bartle Frere.., gave the party passage in a government ship to Zanzibar [in January 1866]" (Oxford DNB). This was to be Livingstone's last expedition where after a long period without contact to the outside world, Stanley found him at Ujiji in 1871 and greeted him there with the famous salutation, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" William French Stearns (1835-74) was the son of the distinguished President of Amherst College, Massachusetts. He was engaged in the business of Stearns, Hobart & Co. Of Bombay from 1857 to 1868. Livingstone had met Stearns in 1865 on a steamer to Bombay and had become firm friends. Stearns letters from Livingstone were published by Boston University's African Studies Centre in 1968.