[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]. AFRICA - CONGO - CAMEROON BORDER, Alexandre Marie Frédéric Henry MOLL, Eugène BRUSSAUX, Étienne MUSTON, photographer, Photographer.
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]
Important Early Ethnographic Photos from the French Congo-Cameroon Border Expedition

[Album with 146 Original Gelatin Silver Photographs from the Mission to Delineate the Border Between French Congo and German Cameroon in 1905-1907, Including Excellent Early Portraits of Native People from Modern-Day Central Africa Republic (M’Biemou, Pande, Baya/Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi), East Cameroon (Bororo, and Chad (Laka, Mundang, Toubouri); Views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, Scenes of Dancing, Playing tam-tams, Throwing knife contest; the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya and Mundang cavalry, warriors, Baya witch-doctor; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification etc.]

Ca. 1909. Folio album ca. 42,5x35 cm (16 ¾ x 13 ¾ in). 41 soft card leaves. With 146 mounted original gelatin silver prints including five large portraits ca. 27x20,5 cm (10 ¾ x 8 in), and fifteen large photos ca. 16,5x22 cm (6 ½ x 8 ¾ in); the rest of the photos are from ca. 12x16,5 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) to ca. 6x8 cm (2 ½ x 3 ¼ in). All photos with manuscript captions in French in brown ink on paper labels mounted under the images. Moll’s presentation inscription on verso of the front free endpaper « A mon vieil ami Crépy, en souvenir des bonnes heures vécues avec lui. H. Moll. 23/6/09.”. Period brown half morocco album with brown pebbled cloth boards, blind stamped title “Mission Moll. 1905-1907. Congo - Cameroon” on the front cover; spine with raised bands; marbled endpapers. Spine expertly recased keeping everything original, several images with mild silvering, but overall a very good album of rare photographs from Moll’s expedition to Central Africa.

Extensive historically significant collection of original images from the 1905-1907 French expedition aimed to delineate the border between the west African colonies of French Congo and German Cameroon, which roughly stretched along the eastern border of modern-day Cameroon with the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Central African Republic and the Republic of Chad. The photos were taken by expedition members Eugène Brussaux (sent by the French Société de Géographie and the Minister of Public Instruction to conduct geographical and ethnographical research) and Étienne Muston (assigned to study economy and social structure of the region), and include excellent early portraits and scenes from life of several major ethnic groups and tribes of the region – M’Biemou, Pande, Baya (Gbaya), M’Boum, Labbi (all taken in Central African Republic), Bororo (taken in Ngaoundere, Cameroon), Laka, Mundang, Toubouri (taken in Chad) and others. Among the photos are five large portraits of women and girls from Pande, Baya, M’Boum, Laka, and Mundang tribes; several portraits of the tribal chiefs (Le chef Souka et ses tambours, Le chef Abba, Le chef Baboua et ses femmes, Le chef de Koundé, Chef Laka); views of Gaza, Kounde, Lere, Chari River, Lake Chad, Benue River, the interior and exterior of the chief’s house in Lere, Touburi farm, village and granaries; scenes of dances, drumming tam-tams, throwing knife contest; photos of the court of the ruler in Ngaoundere, Baya cavalry performing a “fantasia,” another “fantasia” by Laka warriors, portraits of Baya warriors and war tam-tams, Mundang “cavalry” and warriors, Baya witch-doctor, harp and flute players, women and children; details of costumes, hairdos, and scarification, several views of the expedition camps featuring the expedition members and many others. Overall the album is an early primary source on the ethnography and history of the Central African tribes, and includes a collection of rare views of remote towns and villages in modern-day Central African Republic and the Republic of Chad.

The album was made on the special assignment of the expedition leader Henri Moll, a captain of the Senegalese Tirailleurs, who had successfully carried out the mission on border delimitation between French Sudan and British Nigeria in 1903. After the 1905-7 mission in French Congo/German Cameroon Moll was appointed the commander of French forces in Chad and was killed in 1910 in the battle of Doroté (Chad) during the French conquest of the Wadai (Ouaddai) Sultanate east of Lake Chad (1909-1911).

Moll’s 1905-1907 expedition covered over 2500 km from Brazzaville to Lake Chad, moving north along the Congo River, its tributary Sangha River, Mambere River, across the Ngaoundéré Plateau, and up the Logone and Chari Rivers. The expedition started the border delineation survey in the town of Nola (modern-day Central African Republic), visited several border towns – Bania, Gaza, Carnot, Kounde (also in today’s CAR), Ngaoundere (Cameroon), and then proceeded north to Lai, Lere (both in Chad) and Fort Lamy (now N’Djamena, the capital of Chad). On the way back the mission went to Yola and down the Benue River to the Niger River Delta.

Our copy was been presented to Auguste Crépy, a president of the Société de Géographie de Lille in 1908-1935. Moll gave an extended report of his mission at the society’s session on May 31, 1908, and it was published in the Society’s proceedings later that year (Moll, Commandant. Délimitation du Congo et du Cameroun// Bulletin de la Société de géographie de Lille. 1908. T. 49. Pp. 337-343). The head of another party surveying the southern stretch of the border Captain Cottes delivered another report at the Society’s session on October 18 that year, and the report was also published (Cottes. Les Confins du Sud-Cameroun et du Congo Francais// Bulletin de la Société de géographie de Lille. 1908. Vol. 50. Pp. 275-290).

There are three other known custom made albums with original photographs from Moll’s expedition. Two luxury copies bound in the Levant morocco and decorated with elaborate copper plates depicting African women, elephants, rhinoceroses and snakes were presented by Moll in January 1908 to the French President Clément Armand Fallières (1841-1931, President in 1906-1913) and German Emperor Wilhelm II (1859-1914, reign: 1888-1918) (see more about the luxury copies: L’Album de la Mission Moll// L’Illustration. 25 Janvier 1908. No. 3387. P. 72). Another copy with 201 original gelatin silver prints was presented to the Société de Géographie in Paris and is now deposited in the National Library of France (https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b7702243n/f43.planchecontact). The Société de Géographie’s copy is very similar to ours and includes all same images as our copy, with addition of others, they are placed in the same order as in our copy and the captions are the same and executed in the same style on the same type of paper labels.

Captions:

[Leaf 1]. Tirailleurs soudanais. - Dans le M'Biémou (3 different views).

[Leaf 2]. [A large portrait of] Pandé.

[Leaf 3]. N'Goundi de Nola. - Village de N'Goundi. - Village pandé. - Case baya. - Campement sur la basse Madei.

[Leaf 4]. Danse de femmes Bayas. - Moutons de la Sangha. - Baya du sud.

[Leaf 5]. Féticheur baya. - Baya. - Arrivée d'une caravane. - Fabricant de plats en bois. - Bayas du sud.

[Leaf 6]. Gaza. - Borne astronomique à Gaza. - Joueur de harpe.

[Leaf 7]. Pêcheurs bayas. - Coiffure baya. - Baya. - Tam-tam de guerre. - Coiffure de la Kadeï. - Guerrier baya.

[Leaf 8]. [A large portrait of] Baya.

[Leaf 9]. Le chef Souka et ses tambours. - Le chef Abba. - Le chef Baboua et ses femmes. - Femmes faisant de la poterie. - Un village baya.

[Leaf 10]. Campement de route. - Tam-tam labbi. - Village baya du nord. - Tam-tam labbi. - Casse de Labbis. - Tam-tam labbi.

[Leaf 11]. Passage du Loin. - Baya du nord-est. - Blocs erratiques des Hauts-Plateaux.

[Leaf 12]. Baya du nord. - M'Boum. - M'Boum. - M'Boum. - M'Boum.

[Leaf 13]. Buveurs de doko. - Fantasia de cavaliers bayas. - Arrivée à Koundé. - M'Boum.

[Leaf 14]. Le chef de Koundé. - Tata du chef de Koundé.

[Leaf 15]. [A large portrait of] M'Boum.

[Leaf 16]. Peuhl. - Le Lamido Maïgali. - Haoussas. - Bororo.

[Leaf 17]. La cour du Lamido de N'Gaoundéré. - Bororo. – L’Entrée du tata du Lamido. - Route de N'Gaoundéré.

[Leaf 18]. Chutes du Gou. - Pays de Kouboï. - Poulailler laka. - Chef Laka.

[Leaf 19]. [A portrait of] Chef Laka.

[Leaf 20]. [A large portrait of] Laka.

[Leaf 21]. Moundan. - Joueur de flageolet Moundan.

[Leaf 22]. Le Mayo-Kabbi á Léré. - Pays de Léré.

[Leaf 23]. [A large portrait of] Moundan.

[Leaf 24]. Construction d'une case. - Léré. - Fantasia moundan. - Tréné. - Danse moundan. - Léré.

[Leaf 25]. Tête de vache moundan. - Cheval moundan. - Cheval moundan. - Boeuf moundan. - Moutons moundans. - Près de Léré.

[Leaf 26]. Léré. - Moundans. - Costume de fête moundan. - Léré. - Moundans. - Moundans. – Moundan.

[Leaf 27]. Une rue intérieure du tata. - Les terrasses du tata.

[Leaf 28]. Retour des plantations. - Tata du chef de Léré. - A Léré. - Vallée du Mayo-Kabbi.

[Leaf 29]. Joueuses de flûte moundans. - Pêcheur moundan. - Métier à tisser moundan. -Pêcheurs moundans. - Moulin à mil. - Cotonniers.

[Leaf 30]. Cavaliers moundans. - Cavaliers moundans. - Guerrier moundan.

[Leaf 31]. Joueurs de corne toubouris. - Costumes de femmes toubouris. - Porteurs toubouris. - Porteurs toubouris. - Toubouris.

[Leaf 32]. Ferme toubouri. - Village toubouri. - Greniers à grains toubouris.

[Leaf 33]. Porteurs toubouris. - Toubouri. – Toubouris.

[Leaf 34]. Toubouris. - Toubouri. - Toubouri. - Toubouri. - Toubouri. - Sac à enfant.

[Leaf 35]. Chevaux lakas. - Autruche (Laï). - Vache laka. - Troupeau laka. - Boeuf laka.

[Leaf 36]. Fantasia laka. - Fantasia laka.

[Leaf 37]. Lancement du couteau de jet. - Lancement du couteau de jet.

[Leaf 38]. Le chari. - Lionceau à Fort-Lamy. - Mousgou.

[Leaf 39]. Village de Goulféi. - Mort d'un éléphant. - Bords du Chari. - Lac Tchad.

[Leaf 40]. Rives du Tchad. - Près du Tchad. - Troupeaux boudoumas.

[Leaf 41]. Bas-Niger. - La Bénoué à Yola. - Rives de la Bénoué.

Item #3

Price: $8,500.00 USD