1941. Quarto album (ca. 30x25 cm). 41 card stock leaves. With 219 gelatin silver photographs (one loosely inserted, all other mounted), including 33 larger ones, from ca. 16x22,5 cm (6 ¼ x 8 ¾ in) to ca. 12,5x17 cm (5 x 6 ½ in) and 186 smaller photos from ca. 9x11,5 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in) to ca. 6x6,5 cm (2 ¼ x 2 ½ in). Over 140 photos with period ink captions on the mounts or on verso. Period black hardcover “Amfile” album. Covers brittle, with minor chipping on extremities, the front cover detached from the stub, a few images very mildly faded, one photo apparently removed; overall a very good album of interesting strong photos.
Historically significant extensive collection of original photos illustrating the 1941 malaria research expedition in Trinidad, led by Dr. Lloyd E. Rozeboom – then an assistant professor of the John Hopkins University, and later an internationally known authority on the transmission of mosquito-born diseases. The research was instigated by the US Army, which received the right to build bases in Trinidad in September 1940 according to the Destroyers for Bases Agreement with the United Kingdom. The first US military personnel arrived on the island in April 1941. Since Trinidad was known to have two endemic centres of malaria - in its coastal swamps and highlands –research of the transmission of the disease was highly needed to protect the Americans stationed there. Together with his colleague Raimond Laird, Rozeboom travelled around Trinidad for three months in May-July 1941 and determined which mosquito species was the carrier of malaria in the areas near the newly-constructed American military bases (Anopheles bellator). During the trip, Rozeboom contracted malaria himself. In November 1941, Rozeboom received for his research Balley K. Ashford Award of the American Society of Tropical Medicine (see more: Hopkins Experts Check up on Army//The Baltimore Sun. 21 September 1941, p. 22; Young Scientist’s Work Vital to Troops’ Safety in Tropics// The Kansas City Star. 11 November 1941, p. 10).
The album was most likely compiled by an American member of Rozeboom’s research party. About thirty photos show Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and Tobago (a general view from Laventille Hill, views of Queen’s Park Savannah, Queen’s Park Hotel, race track, cricket grounds, Royal Botanical Gardens, Government House, the old Spanish fort, several street views, etc.). Most photos in the album illustrate the party’s trip and research around Trinidad. Interesting images show Americans working inside a medical facility in Trinidad, apparently located on one of the military bases, a general view of “Army Base – Cumuto,” photos of “Our House, Port of S[pain], 111 Circular Rd.,” “C.M.S. [Church Missionary Society] School,” “C.M.S. schoolmaster’s house,” “Fisherman’s Chapel, W[estern] M[ain] Rd.,” Chaguaramas Bay (where a US naval base was built in 1940), etc. Several photos depict a sea journey, showing Chacachacare Island, the coast of Venezuela, the Bocas strait, and “Gaspar Grande, Penal Is.” The other views of Trinidad’s interior show the villages of Tunapuna and Arima, Manzanilla Bay, Toco Road, “along the Northeast coast of Trinidad,” Galera Point Lighthouse, Balandra Bay, Eastern Main Road, San Sousi Area, native villages and people, cocoa estates, etc. Very interesting are half a dozen photos of a village near Cumuto (where the American Wallerfield airbase was located), where the party collected mosquitoes for the research. The photos have the following captions: “Mosquito collecting spot, place where Rozeboom got malaria”; “Family where we collected mosquitoes”; “Native house near Cumuto.”
About twenty photos of Tobago Island include two excellent large views and several smaller images of Scarborough, portraits of the locals, views of the villages (one photo features a road sign “Safety First. Bad curves on all roads”). The compiler also identified several members of the party or their American colleagues from Trinidad. Among them are “Dr. Sunday,” “Bill and Julie Cheney,” “Bill Hoffman,” “Miss Tertian,” and others. Dr. Stuart D.P. Sunday was a “chief examining physician of the blood-transfusion service of the Baltimore Red Cross chapter.” In April 1941, he was assigned by the US Army to serve as a staff member of the “new army base hospital” in Trinidad (Red Cross Doctor Called by Army// The Evening Sun. Baltimore, Maryland, 22 April 1941, p. 14). The album also contains several views of Puerto Rico (El Morro Castle, the port, “Pan American Air Terminal,” “Army band,” “school of Tropical Medicine”), and scenes on board the US Army Transport “Orizaba” and SS “Oriente” during the travellers’ outward and return voyages. Overall an important original visual source of the early American military activities and malaria research in Trinidad and Tobago.
Price: $2,500.00 USD