Ca. 1937-1940. Oblong Folio album (ca. 26,5x33,5 cm). 50 card stock leaves (34 blank). With 178 mounted studio gelatin silver photographs, including three large images from ca. 12x16,5 (4 ¾ x 6 ½ in) to ca. 11x15 cm (4 ¼ x 6 in), 160 smaller photos, mostly ca. 6x6 cm (2 ¼ x 2 ¼ in) or slightly bigger, and fifteen studio and custom printed real photo postcards ca. 9x14 cm (3 ½ x 5 ½ in). Most photos with period white ink captions (and sometimes dates) on the mounts (related to individual images or groups of images). Several postcards with period ink captions on verso. Owner’s white ink inscription on the inner side of the front cover “Property of Wilton T. Millard, Holley, N.Y.” With a printed advertising leaflet ca. 25,5x19,5 cm, and Millard’s membership certificate ca. 20x26,5 cm. Period brown full sheep “Peerless genuine leather” album fastened with a string. Covers rubbed on extremities, several images slightly faded, two photos were previously removed, front cover with a small tear at the stub, but overall a very good album with interesting photos.
Historically interesting collection of original snapshot photos of the industrial facilities and operations at the Cerro de Pasco mines of the “Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation” in the late 1930s. The American-owned company was founded in 1902 and became the leader in Peru’s mining industry and one of the country’s largest multinational corporations before WW2. It was nationalized in 1973, becoming “Centromin Peru.” The album was compiled by a US mining engineer Wilton Tisdale Millar, who was likely employed by the “Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation.” A native of Holly, NY, Millar graduated from the Colorado School of Mines in 1922. In the 1950s and 1960s, he worked for the US Bureau of Mines as a supervisor mine examiner and exploration engineer. Millar authored several publications on the subject, including “Investigation of magnetite deposits at Star Lake, St. Lawrence County, N.Y. (to November 1945)” (U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4127, Sept. 1947); “Magnetometric survey of the Mahopac magnetite mine, Putnam County, N.Y.” (U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4338, Sept. 1948); “Quartzite mining and processing methods and costs at the Honey Brook, PA., Plant of George F. Pettinos, Inc.” (U.S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 8248, 1965).
The album includes over 130 photos of Peru, showing the town of Cerro de Pasco and the Andes, industrial and residential facilities of “Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation,” its American and Peruvian workers, the nearby town of Huanico, and Lima. Interesting images include views of “Excelsior shaft,” “Diamante Shaft,” “Open pit & Lourdes,” “Smelter Oroya,” “New Cerro,” “Plant Cerro,” “Lourdes” (with the additional caption on verso “Cerro de Pasco, Peru, 6-13-38. View of Lourdes Shaft (the main shaft). All steel headframe 125 ft high. 5 compartment shaft, 2125 ft. deep. 1) hoist house; 2) mine office; 3) chemistry laboratory”); “Gringo quarters” (with the additional caption on verso “Cerro de Pasco, Peru, 6-13-38. View of the company hotel and club for “Gringo” employees with cottages for married employees in the background”), portraits of three American employees (possibly, also featuring Millard), native mine workers lining up for food at “lunch time,” etc. Seven photos depict the traditional mining methods, showing “hauling,” “loading,” “concentrating,” “dumping,” “grinding,” “minting,” and “smelting.” Lively views of the Cerro de Pasco town show the “plaza,” “business section,” market, “native homes,” railway station with the sign “Cerro de Pasco, altura 14208,” etc. A series of photos portray Peruvian peasants, children, girls, and families. There are also interesting scenes from a “Native Fiesta, 1940” and “Gringo Fiesta, 1940,” views of the “Morococha glacier,” real photo postcards of “Chunchos Indians,” a “Llama near Cerro de Pasco, 6-13-38,” “Rock forest near Cerro de Pasco, Peru” (both dated “6-13-38”), etc.
Eight lively snapshot photos show the streets of the nearby town of Huanuco, taken on Christmas Day of 1939; one of the photos features the building of “Gran Hotel Leon de Huanuco.” There are also a dozen views of Lima, including studio photos of its main tourist sites and five original snapshots taken in the Palacio de la Perricholi. Thirty-four photos taken during the return voyage to the United States (apparently, in 1940) show the “Chilean Line” steamer “Imperial” which Millard travelled on board of, a series of views of Panama Canal, Havana harbour, Guayaquil (cemetery, a “sacred tree” in a “country club,” and a “reed house”), and two large group portraits of Panama hat makers. Thirteen small photos at rear show the Niagara River and falls, and apparently localities in the New York State.
Overall an interesting content-rich album documenting the history of American-owned “Cerro de Pasco Copper Corporation” in central Peru in the years leading to WW2.
Price: $2,250.00 USD
Status: On Hold