Ca. 1903-1904. Oblong Quarto (ca. 21x30 cm). 24 card stock album leaves. With fifty gelatin silver prints, including 48 mounted photos ca. 12x17 cm (4 ¾ x 6 ¾ in), and two smaller photos loosely inserted, ca. 8,5x12 cm (3 ½ x 4 ½ in). All mounted photos are placed within ink-drawn frames and supplemented with detailed captions in Spanish by Vaudry. His presentation inscription in French: “Souvenir d’un voyage au Chaco boreal. Potosi. 4 Juillet 1904. J.B. Vaudry. Ingénieur.” in black ink is written on the front free endpaper of the album. Period green cloth album with blind stamped decorative borders and a gilt lettered title “Album” on the front board; all edges gilt. Album mildly rubbed and with some mild wear of extremities, several mounts with mild wear on blank margins, several images mildly faded with a couple moderately faded, a larger and smaller photo with small corners missing, but overall a very good important album of interesting photos.
Historically important album of large well-executed ethnographical portraits of people from several tribes of southern and eastern Bolivia, most from the remote region of Chaco Boreal. All photos are annotated in detail by the photographer – a French engineer Jean-Baptiste Vaudry who took them while in the service of the Bolivian-Argentinean Boundary Commission (1902-1904). Vaudry also collaborated with the French scientific mission to South America led by Georges de Créqui-Monfort and Eugène Sénéchal de Lagrange (1903-1904) which carried out a comprehensive ethnographical research of the Bolivian people. Vaudry issued an account of his travels in 1908 (Dans l’Orient bolivien. Notes sur provinces de Chiquitos y Velasco// Annales de géographie, tome XVII, 1908, 71-80) and became a corresponding member of the Geographical Society of Sucre the same year. He prepared several maps of Bolivia, including “Mapa de la region Uncia-Colquechaca” (1924). Vaudry’s photograph portraits of native Bolivians, including many included in this album, were used as illustrations in Arthur Chervin’s “Anthropologie Bolivienne” (Paris, 1908, 3 vols.) which summarized the results of the ethnographic research of Georges de Créqui-Monfort and Eugène Sénéchal de Lagrange’s expedition.
The album opens with thirteen portraits of the Quechua people photographed in towns and villages of the Potosi Department in southwestern Bolivia, including Potosi; Samasa (east of Potosi), Chaqui, Siporo, Caiza, and Bartolo (all in Linares Province); Tomare, Porco, and Yura (Porco Province); and two towns of Chuquisaca Department (south-central Bolivia) - Sopachuy (Tomina Province), and Tarabuco (Yamparaez Province). Twelve photos portray Chiriguanos & Tembetas (Eastern Bolivian Guarani people) from villages and Catholic missions across southeastern Bolivia - Acero Province of the Chuquisaca Department (Mision de Santa Rosa de Cuevo and Mision de Machareti); and Gran Chaco Province of the Tarija Department (Tatarenda, Caiza, Mision de San Francisco Solano, Mision de Tareiri, and Fortin Murillo). The following twenty-two portraits are solely dedicated to the people of the Chaco Boreal. There are eight portraits of Mataco and Noctenes people from the basin of the Pilcomayo River and Gran Chaco Province of the Tarija Department (Fortin Murillo, Los Puentes, Colonia Crevaux nueva); one photo portrays Achicoria, a son of Cacique Sirome from Puesto del Hito (Argentina). Five portraits show the Chorotes from Caiza and El Galpon, and nine photos show the Tobas people from Fortin Murillo, Tayasunanca, Colonia Crevaux, and Teyu (all in the Gran Chaco Province, Tarija Department). The last photo in the album shows a group of the Tapiete people (Acero Province of the Chuquisaca Department). Two smaller loosely inserted photos portray the Aymara people from the Andes in western Bolivia.
The portraits show individuals and family groups, children with teachers and priests in missionary schools, tribal chiefs and their children, musicians, smokers, a man in a hunting outfit with a bow and arrows, et al., with details of national costumes, footwear and decorations clearly visible; several photos show native villages with huts made of grass. European or non-native settlers, missionaries or officers present on several photos, including Vaudry himself who poses with the cacique and several Mataco men in Los Puentes, and with Toba boys in Fortin Murillo (both Gran Chaco Province). All mounted photos are supplemented with the captions giving details about the tribes of the photographed people, the locality, province and department where they were taken; just over a dozen include interesting additions of peoples’ names, professions or social status – “El Cacique Bairahua y familia,” “Marcelina,” “Juana,” “Napoleon Taco ó Yaguaraco (hijo del Cacique Grande Mandeporrai) y Senora,” “El Cacique;” Vaudry also marks teachers and missionaries on the group portraits and provides their names - “Maestra Tarijena,” “Maestra Crucena,” “R.P. Ficorecco (franciscano italiano)” et al. Overall a historically significant and valuable content rich visual source on the traditional culture and life in the Chaco Boreal and nearby regions of Bolivia at the turn of the 20th century.
Price: $7,500.00 USD